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; Two Views of Dust
How People Reason l
Flaw In Argument
At Harvest Time
[he most interesting political event
under discussion in Washington at
this writing is nothing that the Ad
ministration or Congress or anyone
else had anythingg to do with. It
s the drought in the reheat and corn
The drought is political in its ef
fects, because it has apparently done
what the Administration has been
attempting to do by political
methods; that is, to reduce the sup
ply of grain to avert a surplus and
raise the price. Instead of operat
ing through the political machinery
of the AAA, Nature took a hand
and brought about a crop shortage
by the old reliable short-cut meth
od. Physical evidence of the
drought 'was brought to President
Roosevelt by the air route. The
dust storm which darkened the sun
on the Atlantic Coast, with grains
of grit from North Dakota and the
rest of the praire states forming o
cloud over the East, left plenty of
dirt on the roof and porticoes of
the White House itself.
There are two ways of ag
ricultural Administration program,
looking at this dust cloud and what
it may signify politically. To one
group of political thinkers it is the
"cloud no bigger than a man s
hand,” such as Elijah saw of old.
To those so minded, it signifies the
beginning of the end of the Ag
ricultural Administration program.
To be sure, the wish is doubtless in
great measure the father of the
thought, but those who do not Ike
the principle of the AAA are not
all of them, by any means, the
President’s political enemies. Many
of them think it was a program
wished on him by enthusiasts. These
, people believe that the President
now, after a year in office and ex
perience with every known variety
•f planners, schemers and meddlers,
to sav nothing of the trickery,
chicanery and skul-druggery of na
tional politics as it is played here,
is not so inclined to listen to up
lifters or nation-savers or otheri
folk who have sure-fire remedies
for all that ails us.
The folk who talk that way are
perfectly willing to agree that the
United States was producing much
more wheat and corn than we could
find a market for in the present
restricted state of world commerce,
here are in agreement in principle
with the theorem that marginal
lands ought to be taken out of cul
tivation, so as to reduce the annual
surplus to reasonable bounds. And
they are all glad to see a chance
for the farmer to get more for his
product. They just don’t like some
of the means adopted by the AAA
to bring those desirable ends about.
There are other enthusiasts here
who think the drought is another
piece of "Roosevelt luck,” which
has come to be an everyday expres
sion at the capital. They say, in
effect: "Lookit! The President was
trying to rise the price of wheat and
corn and wasn’t getting away with
it. His gold policy didn’t do the
trick, and he’s been huntng every
where for some other way to do it,
when along comes Old Man
Drought and does it for him. That s
pure Roosevelt luck, for it won’t be
long now before everybody will
forget that it was the drought that
did it. They’ll give Roosevelt all
the credit, because it happened in
There may be something in that.
Human nature is funny. If it likes
a man1—and everybody likes Mr.
Roosevelt—it will give him credit
for everything good and put all the
blame for whatever is bad on some
one it doesn’t like, like Mr. Hoover
or Wall Street or the Japanese
Menace or something.
But the Washington observers—
and there are some pretty wise oner
among them—point out the flaw ir
' that line of argumer^t this way:
"Grant that the drought has done
what the AAA has so far failed
to do; that is, it has put up the
price of wheat. It sure did that
Wheat jumps from 79 cents in Chi
cago on May 1 to 93 cents on Ma>
11. And grant, furthermore, that
that is just what the Administratior
(Please turn to page two)
The Carolina Watchman
FOUNDED 1832—101ST YEAR SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 25, 1934~ ~ VOL 101 NO. 43. PRICE 2 CENTS.
PASS INDUSTRIAL LOAN BILL
Coggin Favored For Solicitor
U. S. Funds To
Be Poured Into
Money May Be Borrowed _By
Schools And Used To Pay The
Past Due Salaries of Teachers.
$100,000 MAXIMUM LOAN
Industries Seeking Loan May Apply
i Direct to RFC Without First
Making Application To
Federal Reserve Banks.
Congress passed the industrial
loan bill Wednesday whereby the
government through the RFC and
the reserve bank will be in a
position to aid private industry by
lending at least $440,000,000 in the
The house, after shunting aside
a score of amendments to let the
new loans cover everything from
cities to private schools and hos
pitals, finished two days of hard
work by passing and sending back
to the senate the administration’s
industry loan bill.
The senate had approved a bill
fixing the maximum RFC five
year loans at $25 0,000,000 and
limiting the amount the 12 Fed
eral Reserve banks could advance
But the house discarded the
senate provisions and inserted its
own, which increases the RFC total
to $300,000,000 and cut the Re-:
serve bank maximum to $140,000,
Immediately after passing thei
industry loan measure, the house
took up another administration bill
—that postponing the permanent
deposit insurance plan until July
1, 193 5.
In its two days of debate, the
house made only six consequential
changes in the industry loan bill.
Most were adopted. Wednesday
/\iiow me xvrv^ to iena up to
a total of $75,000,000 to school
districts which can offer good se
jcurity. One of the things for
which this could be used would be
to pay salaries due school teachers.
Stipulate that the federal export
import-banking corporation shall
submit annual reports to congress,
Representative Goss, Republican of
Connecticut, said the amendment
would require such reports from
all federally-owneded corporations
already in existence and not cov
ered by an especial law.
Eliminate a senate requremant
that corporations seeking loans
must first apply to the Federal Re
serve banks before taking their ap
plication to the RFC. The am
endment struck out the stipula
tion that aid must first be sought
at the Federal Reserve bank.
Reduce the limitation on maxi
mum individual RFC loans from
$1,000,000 t*> $100,000.
Paul H. Bernhardt
Paul H. Barnhardt, 61, well
kriown local business man, died
shortly after midnight Wednesday
at his home here.
The funeral was held Thursday
afternoon at S o’clock at St. John’s
Two brothers, R. Linn Bern
hardt, chairman of the board of
county commissioners, and C. T.
Bernhardt, and three sisters, Mrs.
W. H. Hobson, Mrs. A. E. Rey
nolds and Mrs. S. H. Wiley, all of
After finishing college, Mr.
Bernhardt entered the employ of
the Salisbury Hardware and Fur
niture company, . founded by his
father and uncle, and later became
its president. He also was promi
nent as a farmer and landowner.
Anyway the people believe in
their government enough so they
are willing to accept its money.
BAPTISTS PICK MEMPHIS
The Southern Baptist conventioi
virtually completed its business ses
sions Friday, voting to meet nex
year in Memphis, Tenn. Withou
a dissenting vote, the big assemblj
adopted a report of the committei
which designated the next meeting
site, fixed dates for the conventioi
and named the preacher to delivei
the principal sermon.
For the 3rd successive month
Secretary Perkins reported expand
ing factory employment and pay
oils. She told reporters the num
er of persons at work increased bj
322,000 in April, when employmen'
usually stands still or falls slightly
LIQUOR DRIVE OPENED
The government opened its new
liquor enforcement drive last Sat
urday by obtaiing indictment of 11
New Yorkers, including thre<
women, in connection with an al
leged plyot to flood the capital with
NEW BATHING SUIT RULE
You can roll dowrn that bathing
suit if you want to, or wear only
shorts or trunks on Daytona’s fam
ous beach—but you’ve got to pul
an a bathrobe, a raincoat or some
thing when you stroll the streets.
Such was the edict of Chief of Po
ke James P. Haney.
BIBLE STUDY URGED
There should be a law making
the reading of the Bible compulsory
in the home as well as in the school
This was proposed at Gabon, Ohio
recently at a meeting of the Ohic
[Women’s Temperance Union. Th<
organization also advocated a cam
paign to teach youth about thi
harmful effects pf alco|iol ?nc
ROBBERS STEAL SAFE
A 1,000 pound safe stolen fron
■the Geo. Burger confectionary wa
found a few miles from where i
has been carried, its contents weri
ntact, near Bloomington, 111.
WEDDING SECRET REVEALEL
Margaret Clower was married 1(
years ago to I. L. Vancil, but the;
kept the wedding a secret until af
ter Miss Clower’s father died, ii
Taylorsvills. III. This week thi
daughter went into court and sign
!ed her name, as administratrix t(
.her father’s will and when she sign
r "Margaret Vancil” their 10-year'
old secret was disclosed.
GOT FIRST R. F. D. LETTER
The woman who claimed the dis
tinction of receiving the first piec
of mail delivered by rural deliver
in the United States, at Kalama
jzoo, Mich., is deac). She was Mrs
Julia E. Pratt Pierce, 96. The firs
U. S. rural delivery leter was hand
ed to her in 1896, by her son-in
law, William Lawrence, the coun
jtry’s first rural mail carrier.
SIGHT 74 ICEBERGS
The coast guard cutter Mendota
at Boston, Mass., now on her sec
ond tour of duty as a member o
the International Ice Patrol, re
ported to headquarters that 74 hug
icebergs had been sighted in th
vicinity of the grand banks nea
north Atlantic shipping lines.
MARRIED 72 YEARS
A’ Granite Falls, Minn., couple
Mr. and Mrs. George Olds, recent!’
observed their seventy-second wed
ding anniversary. Mr. Olds i
ninety-nine years old, and Mn
Olds is ninety-four.
Cotton and tobacco farmers o
Bertie county are planting to cori
the acreage rented to the govern
mervt contracts, fii'Ms the farr
i A Gracious Gift, A Song and a Rose
NEW YORK . . . Amid a great profusion of beautiful flowers every
where the beloved Ernestine Schumaan-Heink (left), symbolized a fitting
tribute to Mrs. James Roosevelt (right), mother of the President, when
at the end of her song dedicated to Mrs. Roosevelt, she presented a lone
red rose to the gracious guest of honor.
Now that we have a sample block
of the new paverrient' laid on one
side of Main Street most of us are
very impatient for the remainder.
It will seem rather peculiar to be
able to ride down our principal ar
jtery of traffic and not be jolted
land jarred by the rough brick pave
ment, which we have endured so
t —o— S
Some time ago we set forth in
(this column a recaptulation of the
(traffic accidents, injuries and
.'deaths in our state for the first
(three months of 1934. To the
(figures already published we add
ifor the month of April 59 deaths
Iresulting from traffic accidents in
'North Carolina, bringing the grue
; some total to 2 57 deaths up to the
jfirst of May. Alcoholism is still
.'leading as the principal cause of
jthe vehicular accidents and child
den struck while playing in the
ilstreets leads in the pedestrian col
! . T
j It sometimes seems harsh that the
■law enforcement officers have to
take the life of a woman in dis
charge of their duties, but let us
[remember that when a woman bears
[no more consideration for human
life than Bonnie Parker had, any
means of exterminating so danger
ous a character is justifiable. The
same Southwest which produced
■ Belle Starr produced Bonnie Parker
i and their careers have quite a lot
r in common.
A gentleman enroute by car to
: Atlanta stopped this morning to
■ inquire whether or not he might
■ be able to secure a companion for
■ the trip to share expenses with him.
We have also had numerous in
quiries during the past weeks from
hikers who wanted just such an
> opportunity. The great trouble
; at this time seems to be getting the
: tourist and hiker together. Most
• of our larger cities have travel bu
: reaus where applicants may regis
: ter and if necessary make ar
' rangements with like bureaus in
cities ahead for opportunities to
secure transportation or compani
ons. There is an obvious need evi
> denced almost daily for such an
T agency in Salisbury and we offer
■ this suggestion today in the hope
5 that some organization or individual
• will see fit to act upon it and ad
vance our city one step farther up
the ladder of progress.
1 Harnett tobacco grower's have
- received 1,153 checks out of the
l .1,750. due growers who have.signed
adjustment contracts. ... . .
Rowan County I
DO YOU KNOW—
That Rowan county was first
settled in 1720 by Protestants from
Moravia who fled from the persecu
tions of Ferdinand II.
ans were on friendly terms with
the ever increasing caravans of
That in 1745 a steady flow of
Germans began to arrive in Salis
bury and Rowan county.
That Rowan county’s courthouse
was first erected in 1756 and was
made of weather boarding, being
30 feet long and 20 feet wide.
That court records as far back as
1751 are still on file in the office
of the Register of Deeds.
That Superior court was estab
ished in 1746 during the adminis
ration of Governor Tryon.
That the deed for Salisbury town
ship is dated February 11, 1755.
That the "Old Stone House”,
one of the most remarkable relics
(of the South, stands three miles
Southeast of Salisbury.
That the first store was opened in
1770. The first school tqicher
came to this section in 1761. The
first physician located here in
1775. The first circus came to
town in 18 50.
That Rowan county is one of
the largest counties in the state.
That Salisbury is 765 feet above
sea level and that at this altitude
[the city is virtually free from mala
ASKS "JAKE LEG” RELIEF
Baton Rouge, La.—Relief for
'jake legs” was demanded in a reso
lution introduced in the Louisiana
egislature by Reprensentative James
Madison of Morehouse parish. He
referred to the epidemic of partial
Iparalysis, caused from drinking Ja
macia ginger extract, which swept
he country a few years ago.
ESCAPED LIONS LASSOED
Harrisburg. 111.—Three lions es
caped from a carnival. An alarm
pread, farmers hid in storm cellarss,.
Police captured two of the lions
by lassoing them. The third, cow
iering, was found in a ditch three
[Hoiks from its cage.
..... . ... 5
DOING HIS PART
"I’ll say this for Parks: he’s not
the kind to stay quiet while his
friends are being criticized.”
"No, sir—he joins right in.”
KEPT HIS PROMISE
Jones. "What about that ten
spot. When you borrowed it you
promised you wouldn’t keep it
Johnsod: "Well, I didn’t. It
was gone within half an hour.”
A STRANGE PRACTICE
"Do you stir your coffee with
your right hand?”
"Why, yes, of course.”
"Well, that’s a peculiarity. Most
people use a teaspoon.”
FORCE OF HABIT
"What did you rip the back part
out of that new book for?” asked
the long suffering wife of the ab
sent minded doctor.
"Excuse me dear!” said the fa
mous surgeon. "The part you
speak of was labeled 'Appendix’
and I took it out without think
WITH THE HELP OF
Vicar of a Poor Country Parish;
ftAh, MrS.' Meiggs, I, to©,' feve to
pinch to make ends meet.”
Mrs. Meiggs: "Lor”, sir, ain’t it
lucky you was never caught?”
Then there is the American col
lege who toured Scotland last
summer and while in Glasgow wir
ed his father: "Cable me $100.
Am in a tight place.”
THE PAUSE THAT REFRESHES
"Say, Zilch, maybe I’m wrong,
but wasn’t there something in your
wife’s speech last night that seem
"Yes, a pause.”
Butcher: "What cut, Madam?”
She: "One from the lower part
of the animal, please. Hubby says
most of your cuts are too high.”
AN UNREASONABLE BUYER
He was buying a susitcase, but
none of those shown him pleased
"When I buy a bag,” he declared,
'I’d like to see some cowhide in
"Oi,” said the dealer, “You
hould want tricks.”
'Young Thing: "I have broken
my glasses. Will I have to be ex
amined all over?”
Optician: "No, only your eyes,
LOST AND FOUND
"Look here, waiter, I just found
a collar button in my soup.”
"Thanks, fella I been lookin’ all
over for dat thing.”
"I love your daughter, sir. I
would suffer to my dying day if I
should ever cause her a moment’s
"You’re right, young man, you
would. I know that girl.’”
4 SLIGHT MISUNDER
Freshman: "Where are all the
angry farmers you told me about? ’
Senior: "What angry farmers?”
Freshman: "Didn’t you tell me
to come over and see the cross
FATHER AND SON
City Feller: "What does your
Farmer: "He’s a bootblack in
City Father: "Oh, I see. You
make hay while the son shines.”
Slated To Win
Five Democratic) Candidates Have
QUIET PRIMARY FORECAST •
Complete Lineup Of Both Parlies
Probably the most interesting
:ontest in the approaching primari
es scheduled for June 2, is the race
or district solicitor being staged
between Charles L. Coggin, attor
ley of Salisbury, and Zeb V. Long
)f Statesville, incumbent.
Political observers this week give
hoggin a decided edge over Long
ind forecast a. Coggin victory by
Indications are to the effect that
:he primaries will be among the
juietest held in many years.
Voters will cast ballots on county,
listrict and state offices. Several
:andidates do not have opposi
:ion and therefore their nomina
:ions are assured.
The complete lineup of both par
The Democratic lineup for judge
jf the, superior court, solicitor and
Oglesby, of Concord.
Solicitor: Charles L. Coggin of
Salisbury and Zeb V. Lor^g of
Senate: J. Allan Dunn and C.
P. Barringer, both of Salisbury.
House of Representatives. J. W.
Bean. Spencer, incumbent, W. C.
Coughenour, George Uzzell. J. W.
Rideoutte and Joe C. Kesler, all of
Clerk of Court: B. D. Mc
Register of Deeds: W. D. Kiz
ziah. incumbent. R. M. Lewis and
Henry L. Hartman, all of Salisbury.
Auditor: J. E. Haynes, incum
bent, and S. A. Russell.
Sheriff: J. H. Krider, incum
bent, and C. S. Julian.
Coroner: Dt. W. L. Tatum.
Commissioners: R. L. Bern
hardt, present chairman, Salisbury;
O. L. Linn, Landis; J. T. Graham,
Cleveland township; Curtis A.
Long Providence township—all
incumbents; W, D. Graham of Mt.
Ulla township; W. Ralph Current
of Scotch-Irish township; J. C.
Bernhart of route 3, Salisbury
township; C. L. Neel of Locke
Board of Education: H. E.
Isenhour, chairman, Salisbury; J. F.
McKnight of Atwell township; R.
L. Lyerly of Granite Quarry and
W. F. Thompson of Cleveland, in
Constable: F. C. Talbert of
Prosecuting Attorney: W. V.
Harris and John C. Kesler, both of
County Judge. Charles Price,
County Surveyor: J. D. Justice,
The Republican lineup follows:
House of Representatives: W. K.
Stonestreet of Landis; G. Cal
State Senate: Sam E. Sloop, of
(Continued on Page Four)
NEGRO HELD IN MURDER
Athens, Tenn.—John Goodner,
paroled negro, was held on suspicion
in connection with the slaying of
Mrs. Martha Collake Duff, 24.
Mrs. Duff was stabbed to death and
almost decapitated by a man who
attacked her on a street as she was
returning from a thieatpr about
midnight. Her assailant ran as she
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