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White House Com
Richberg and Johnson
Look Toward Winter
The first organized opposition to
the New Deal that is taken serious
ly in Washington is the American
Liberty League. This is a non
partisan group of industrial leaders
and political experts which has as
its avowed purpose the stopping of
further encroachments upon the
constitutional rights of the taxpay
ing, property-owning classes.
The caliber of the League may be
gathered from the character and
reputations of the men who organ
ized it. These include two former
candidates for the Presidency, John
W. Davis and Alfred E. Smith;
two former chairmen of the Demo
cratic National Committee, John J.
Rascob and Jouett Shouse; such Re
publican leaders as Representative
Janies W. Wadsworth and former
Governor Nathan L. Miller of New
York; a powerful industrialist of
independent political standing,
Irenee Du Pont, and several others
of national reputation.
The only comment that has come
from the White House on the Lib
erty League is the President’s re
mark to the effect that it seems to
be an organization in the interest
of property, with the Ten Com
mandments left out of its charact
The Administration plans to re
organize all of the recovery agencies
into one unit—putting NRA,
AAA, ERA, PWA and all the rest
into one bag, as it were, are said to
be making headway, but there is
wide diversity of opinion as to how
to do it, and a great deal of dissent
among the executives charged with
making the New Deal go. This
dissent is not merely in words. Gen
eral Hugh Johnson got so mad the
other day that he offered his resig
nation as head of the NRA, and
was only dissuaded by a personal
ur ucucidi juuusuu » at
tempt to quit lies an interesting
personal controversy between the
General and Mr. Richberg, his chief
assistant. It is no secret that Rich
berg wants to be the head of the
five man commission that is to take
the place of the one-man control of
NRA. He has been working for a
long time on a plan of reorganiza
tion. General Johnson beat him to
it with a plan of his own, which he
handed to the President as soon as
Mr. Roosevelt got back from
Hawaii. Richberg followed with
his own plan. In a three-cornered
conference between the two and
the President, General Johnson sud
denly walked out and declared that
he was through.
Inside gossip hys it that the
President, who leans more to Mr.
Richberg’s point of view than to
the General’s has been looking for
a chance to slide the General out
gracefully. But he didn’t want
V*Irr» fn rrx'iA onrl nnscihlv
make trouble for the Administra
tion. So he sent for the General
who in the meantime had sent his
written resignation to the White
House, and suggested that he tear
up the resignation and take a six
months’ trip to Europe, for a rest.
General Johnson smelled a rat.
He wasn’t willing to absent himself
from the scene of action for six
months, but he agreed to withdraw
his resignation and take a two
weeks rest at the seashore. He will
stay on the job until a more subtle
way of shelving him is devised.
The expectation is that the com
ing Winter will be the hardest yet,
not only in the matter of relief for
those without resources but in the
strain upon those who have jobs or ;
incomes. Out of this feeling arises 1
growing talk of monetary inflation, 1
printing press money to help the
nation’s debtors out of trouble.
Stork This Month
The Boston Post says that Col
onel and Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh
are expecting the birth of another
child about the third week of Sep
"The stork, according to pres
ent expectations, will arrive the i
third week of this month,” says 1
the newspaper, "and a private suite 1
has been engaged for Mrs. Lind- i
bergh at the Wyman house of the i
Cambridge hospital.” s
The Carolina ^Watchman
founded 1832—1Q3RD YEAR SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 7, 1934___VOL. 103 NO. 6 PRICE 5 CENTS
Violence Flares As ‘Fly
ing Squadrons’ Force
Violence was reported Tuesday
and Wednesday as the adherents of
the United Textile Workers of
America pushed their plans to ex
tend the general strike into every
southern cotton mill. The strike
effects the cotton, silk and wool
It was reported that over 200,-'
000 were already idle as the strike;
continued to spread.
Six cotton mills in Salisbury, em- j
ploying about 1,500, are closed.
Two were closed directly as a result
of workers on strike and the other j
four by a shutdown.
Those closed by the strikers were
Cannon mills No. 7 and Klumac.
Rowan Nos. 1 and 2 posted a notice
of closing at the end of last week,
is did etc Cartex mills. The Salis
bury mill, which was observing a
holiday, posted a notice it would
oe closed indefinitely.
The China Grove cotton mills of
China Grove also closed, workers
going out Monday.
Mills at Landis, Rockwell and
Yadkin continued to operate with-I
Carolinas leaders, their battle to I
close every mill half won, showed |
the way as automobile caravans of j
strikers roared through the coun- j
tryside, shutting down mill after j
mill through persuasion or weight1
Eighty thousand of the approxi
mately 160,000 workers in the two
states watched the battle or turned
in themselves to aid organized pick
ets. Approximately 250 cotton
textile and silk mills were closed,
with a similar number operating.
In most cases the appearance of
the Carolina "flying squardron”
was peaceful, but in the Gastonia
area doors were broken open at
some mills, power shut off and ma
chines unbelted as workers were
ordered from their frames.
The "flying squardrons’’ ranged
in number from 20 to 1,000 men.
Many mills closed at their mere ap
proach "until further notice.”
Many workers walked out at the
persuasion of squadron leaders and
lome of them joined the squadrons.
Governor Ehringhaus warned in
i statement that the full power of
:he law would be used to put down
oersistent violence in the current ,
:extile strike in the state, regardless j
if by whom it is practiced. jj
The governor’s statement came;,
ifter he had kept constantly ini,
:ouch throughout the day and!,
light with the strike situation, and .
ifter reports of disorder threats had ,
ifted in from at least six heavily (
copulated textile areas. ,
Acting upon the request of the
Lational labor relations board, s
•resident Roosevelt announced on i
Wednesday that he would, in the j
tear future name a special media- r
ion board to settle the textile a
trike situation. |r
Batting Strength Which Pat Detroit Tigers on Top in American L.
' 1 —" - ™ n ' rfMg——1 jfitML ■■djLS&t"' ■ .
DETROIT . . . Above are pictured the claws on thp Tiger, Detroit’s American League baseball team which
seems headed for the pennant and World Series glory. . . . Pictured are ten Tiger regulars, including pitcher
Schoolboy Rowe, who are hitting over .300 . . . Left to right, Goslin .322; Cochrane (manager), 322; Green
berg, .337; Rowe, .333; White, .319; Hayworth, .330 Owen, .337; Gehringer, .366; Walker, .308 and Rogell, .312.
NORTH CAROLINA “FIRSTS” i
First in the manuufacture of tobacco.
First in the manufacture of cotton textiles.
First in the production of peanuts.
First in the production of cotton per acre.
NORTH CAROLINA HAS:
The largest pulp mill in America, at Canton.
The largest towel mill in America, at Kannapolis.
The largest denim mill in America, at Greensboro.
NORTH CAROLINA LEADS IN: J j
The United States in the production of bed room furniture.
All other states in the hosiery industry.
Leads the south in mills that dye and finish their products.
Leads the world in the manufacture of tobacco.
Leads every southern state in the number of wage and salary
Leads America in the number of cotton mills.
Leads the south in the number of furniture factories.
Leads America in the manufacture of cigarettes.
North Carolina has the highest birthrate in America.
Frank Parker Stockbridge is one
if the deans of American journal
sm. He is of that school of news
lapermen who made American
lewspapers great, a vital part of our
lational life . . . Stockbridge knows
lews and how to write it. He has
special gift of paralleling world
lews with the little every-day in
ident of life so that all who read
nay understand. He is a news
iaper man whose writings to know
s to like.
Mr. Stockbridge is a regular
nember of our, staff. His "Today
nd Tomorrow” column is present
d every week. You should list it
>n your regular weekly reading
nenu. You will find Stockbridge’s
'Today and Tomorrow” on page
our in this issue of the Watchman.
IT ATE BANKS SHOW
Resources of commercial and
avings banks and trust companies
ti North Carolina of June 30 ag
regated $210,972,995.65 which
epresents an increase of nearly 3 5
nd a third million dollars over the
eport of same period last year.
Here Sept. 7
A jubilee for all posts of the
American Legion in the fourteenth
district is planned here Friday, Sept.
7, under the auspices of the Samuel
C. Hart post of the Legion.
The fourteenth district won
major honors at the state conven
tion in Greensboro last week. Miss
Esther Hambley was crowned as
winner of the beauty pagent and
given the title of "Miss North Caro
lina ; the new state commander
Hubert Olive, of Lexington is from
this district as well as the new presi
dent of the Legion auxiliary, Mrs.
H. M. Shumway, also of Lexington.
These, principals, as well as State
Commander Tom Daniels, of New
Bern, will be here for the occasion.
30 Report For
Thirty candidates for the Cataw
be football team, which was issu
ed uniforms and equipment Mon
day, took the first real workout
Tuesday afternoon under the direc
tion of Coach Gordon A. Kirkland,
who began his duties this fall with
A light scrimmage was held at
the close of the afternoon’s prac
tice, and a hard scrimmage is pro
mised by the end of the week.
The squad has a number of vet
eran backs, including Captain Pear
son and Bickett, ends; Machen,
center; Garland and Williams, tack- j
les; Redd, guard; Meachan, Cesaro,
Natcher, Zammiello, Fullerton.
Eight members of the Salisbury
high school team, which was coch
ed by Kirkland, for four years past,
are members of the Catawba squad
"It Pays To Smile” I
NEW YORK . . . Miss Mildred
Smith, above, was living quietly in
her home town of Wilbur, Wash.,
population 700, one year ago. . ! .
Today she is here to pose for artist
McClelland Barclay,, with her loviest
“Queen of Dental Charm’’ smile,
the title she won over 25,000 other
Not Worried About
WASHINGTON . . . Rush Holt,
29, West Virginia candidate for U.
8. Senator, is not worried about
being seated if elected, even though
30 years is stipulated as youngest
U. S. Senate age. The Senate has
sole right to judge qualifications oi j
The Voyageur Fall Felt
NEW YOKE! . . . Above it pic
tured the “it” of style in de hue
felt hats, mostly fine beaver, for
Fall wear. ... It is called the
“Voyageur” and the style note
occurs in the tailored smelting of
the' crown. It can be worn with brine
rolled up or down.
' — ■ ' -.
For August Were
Below Last Year
Almost Two Million Col
lected Last Month
Raleigh.—The State’s general
fund collections for August were
below those of August last year,
due to heavy franchise collections
in that month last year, which had
been paid earlier this year, a con
dition which placed the fiscal year
—two months—collections above
those of the same period last year,
the report of Commissioner of
Revenue A. J. Maxwell for August
August collections amounted to
$1,866,988.36, as compared with
i $2,045,754.74 in August, 1933,
j but the collections for July and
■ August this year amounted to $4,
1 062,836.16 as compared with $3,
471,959.61 in the same month last
year. Sales tax collections reached
$549,361.29 in August, as compar
ed witn $3)5,579.30 in August last
year, while the July-August col
lections were $1,105,941.36. The
beer tax showed a slight increase,
$40,581.09 in August and $39,
930.84 in August, 1933. Inherit
ance tax collections were $30,
157.03, and in August 1933, were
$8,674.95. License tax collections
reached $100,103.06, and were
$161,162.17 in August last year;
franchise taxes were $1,057,015.88
and last August were $1,402,
198.87; income taxes showed a
slight increase, to $89,121.52, from
$75,210.61 last August.
In the calendar year since last
January, automobile license plates
have brought in $6,343,981.87, or
$1,306,211.67 more than at this
same date last year, when collec
tions were $5,037,770.20. Revenue
from all motor vehicle sources in
August was $1,577,147.25 as com
pared with $1,345,560.36 in Au- :
gust_ 19,33. In the two months of
the fiscal year, July and August, J
tms revenue was an ■
increase of $245,156.27 over col- ^
lections in July and August of last <
year. The bulk of the increase was ‘
in gasoline taxes. 1
Child Dies From I
Pistol Wounds I
John Dennis Pinkston, three-and- c
a-half-year-old son of Mr. and
Mrs. R. S. Pinkston, of 425 South
Ellis street, died early Monday 5
morning at the Lowery hospital .
from a pistol bullet wound inflicted £
Sunday afternoon while his twin .
brothers, Bobby and Jimmy, played 11
with an old pistol they had taken 3
fromi the wall at the home of their c
grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. H. S. n
Pinkston, at 228 West Monroe St. C
The children’s mother was in the
Salisbury hospital, where she under
went a major operation last week.
Their father placed the three chil-!
dren in a room to take an afternoon
sleep and he was in an adjoining
room where he heard the pistol
shot. The child was shot through L
the abdomen, the bullet also going li
through his arm. P
Mr. and Mrs. Pinkston, the latter ^
being formerly Miss Olga Davis, of i!
Winston-Salem, have four children, 1
one younger than John Dennis. 5“
The funeral was conducted Tues- T
day morning at 10 o’clock from
the home of Mr. and Mrs. H. S. v
ESCAPED CONVICT KILLED ^
Vernon Whitaker, 32-year-old le
escaped convict, was shot down in \
Vance county Sunday morning by
D. E. Kearney. Whitaker escaped tl
from the Halifax prison camp on
October 17, 1933. The killing was
the aftermath of a quarrel provok- v,
ed by the convict, and Kearney was ci
exonerated by acoroner'^ jury. el
May Urge General Sales
Tax But Passage
The administration will be forc
:d to ask the next congress to enact
i $500,000,000 tax bill in January,
aecause numerous levies now re
turning that sum to the treasury
will expire on July 1, 193 5.
There is some talk on Capitol
Hill about reviving the once de
feated general sales tax to replace
4,.. __ _i_
ies. Unless the administration re
commends the proposition, how
jver, the chances for its adoption
ire considered slim.
The revenue question is being
studied by treasury and house ways
md means committee experts. Their
recommendations are to be placed
before President Roosevelt probably
in November, when a ways and
means subcommittee begins to for
mulate the new bill.
Representative Robert L. Dough
ton, Democrat of North Carolina,
chairman of the ways and means
committee, who led the fight that
resulted in the defeat of the sales
tax in 1932, recently said he would
favor that method of raising rev
enue "only as a last resort.”
While the $370,000,000 act pass
ed last spring plugged many ave
nues through which some big fin
anciers have evaded payments, it
was not considered perfect. Be
sides seeking to perfect that meas
are, Doughton said it was planned
:o give the whole tax structure an
iverhauling that will insure a
teady income for the treasury.
Because of the short time the
lew act has been on the statute
looks, its revenue-raising qualities
lave yet to be determined. Indi
ations are that the capital stock
nd excess profits taxes will bring
n substantial returns.
However, experts claim it will
lot be sufficient to take care of
he levies lapsing next July. One
f the miscellaneous imposts, that
n bank checks, which returned
41,000,000 in the last fiscal year,
erminates January 1, 1935.
Of the numerous levies ending"'
uly 1, the one-cent a gallon tax
n gasoline is the' biggest producer,
aving yielded $202,000,000 in the
ist fiscal year. Unless continued
y congress, this tax and those, on
ibrication oils, electrical energy,
atomobiles and parts, communi
itions systems, admissions, among
lany others go off the' books at
le end of the present fiscal year.
it. Mark’s Church
To Present Play
The Luther League of St. Mark’s
utheran Church will present Lil
m Mortimer’s production of "The
ath Across the Hill,” a comedy
■ama in three acts, Friday night,
iptember 7th, at 8:00 o’clock,
he scene of this production will
ke place in the Central school
hiding, six miles Southwest of
ilisbury, on the Salisbury-Moores
The cast: Misses Ally Good
ight, Lucile, Cauble, Dorothy
auble, Edna Hoffner, Margaret
ost; Cletus Beaver, Hubert Shu
nburger, Herman Shulenburger,
[urice Goodnight, Carl Deal.
Special music will be arranged by
le China Grove string band.
Anyway the automobile driver
ho tries to race a train over the
•ossing is likely to reach the cem
VW& •, -v