North Carolina Newspapers

Classifying the Work
The President and
Richberg and Williams
The New NRA Set-up
The big worry of the Adminis
tration is still the matter of unem
ployment. How are workers goinj
to be put back to work? Four-fifth
of all the activities of the Govern
mem are now being tocussed oi
that question. It lies at the hot
tom of the reorganization of th
NRA. It was the keynote of th
President’s radio talk to the na
tion the other night. And nobod;
has come forward with an answe
which satisfies everybody.
Perhaps the new NRA organiza
tion will work out a formula tha
will do the trick. Washington i
not at all sold on the theory whid
is being advanced in several quar
ters, and which seems to be gain
ing ground, that in the best o
times there are always three millioi
men out of work, on any givei
date. The principal trouble witi
all the discussion of unemploymen
is that nobody really knows ho\
many able-bodied, willing worker
are out of work, now, or at an
time in the past. There never ha
been—perhaps there never can be
an accurate separation of the un
employed into the two or thre
classes into which they natural!
There are the skilled, competen
workers, who give a day’s work fo
a day s pay; the seasonal worker
who prefer to loaf :n off-season1
and the unemployables, who oftei
manage to get on payrolls in th
flushest of flush times but worl
only when necessity drives.
There is coming to be a genera
agreement in Administration circle
that a high proportion—some put i
at 90 per cent—of all the presen
unemployment is in the so-calle<
"durable goods” industries. Thi
major industry in this category i
building, and that does not meat
homes alone, but factories, hotels
hospitals, railroads, ships,, and ever}
other sort of construction worl
which produces things which ari
not immediately eaten up or worr
out but are useful to earn mone;
for their owners.
Financing durable goods indus
tries requires long-time capital in
vestments. And it is precisely ther
that the difficulty begins of indue
ing private capital to invest. Bank
can’t lend—ought not to lend—
money on deposit subject to cal
on long-term mui v
bond issues. The amended Securi
ties Act makes it somewhat easie
to float bond issues for such put
The President was reassuring i
his radio talk. He came out prett
squarely for the "driving power c
individual initiative and the incer
tive of fair private profit.” Thi
there will be more radicals in tl
next Congress than in the last or
is the prevailing belief here. Moi
of them will be labelled "Republ
can,” in all probability; but part
labels mean nothing to business me
when their money is at stake.
The progress made under tl
Federal Housing Act is regarded
(Continued on page four)
Labor Backs
30 Hour Weel
San Francisco.—The Americ;
Federation of Labor Monday pled;
ed all its power to establish tl
five-day, 30-hour week in the ho;
of ending unemployment.
Amid tumultous cheers and witl
out a 'dissenting vote the federatic
convention approved a resolutic
binding the big labor organizatic
to spare no effort in obtaining legi
cknrfpr work neric
with no reduction in wages.
"Nothing shall slop us short i
realization of our purpose,” sa
William Green, federation pre<
dent, as the action was taken.
The government is advertisii
for bids to be opened October 3
for erecting the new $165,01
postoffice and federal court buil
ing at Rockingham. The lot,
corner of Franklin and Hancoi
streets, was bought two years a;
for $18,000.
If all the fishermen in the wor
were placed side by side—wow
what a bunch of liars!
The Watchman |
Professional Men Face Citations
gistration I
Democrats Launch Campaign Monday N ght
Doughton Will
; Make Opening
Address Here
f Rowan County Demo
| crats Map Out Plans
1 For Campaign
r -
s Featured by an address by Con
- gressman R. L. Doughton, of this
.. district, Rowan county Democrats
2 will officially open their campaign
f Monday night, October 15 th, in
the county courthouse, beginning
at 8 o’clock, according to plans
t formulated Tuesday night at a
r meeting of the Democratic Execu
s tive Committee, presided over by
, Chairman Ross M. Sigmon.
i Mr. Doughton will be introduced
» by Chas. L. Coggin, Democratic
i nominee for solicitor of the dis
trict. The high school band will
1 furnish music.
; Plans for the approaching camp
: aign, it is understood, were mapped
: out by the Democratic Executive
I Committee Tuesday night.
: Other leading Democratic speak
; ers will be heard in Rowan county
i during the campaign, it was an
, nounced by Chairman Sigmon.
A speaking itinerary, that will
; arrange speakers for each precinct
:!in the county, is being worked out
i and will be announced in the near
• future.
Although encouraged by the
- Democratic trend of the time, the
- Democrats of Rowan county in
; tend to leave no stones unturned to
- turn in the greatest majority and
s victory ever known in Rowan
- county.
, Speaking appointments thus far
r arranged for Mr. Doughton are:
- Saturday, October 13, Asheboro;
r Monday night, October 15, Salis
- bury; at noon October 16, at Jef
ferson; Mount Pleasant, October
18 at night; at Concord, October
rr 19 at night; at Pittsboro, Tuesday,
y October 23.
; Semi-Annual
District Meet
e -
[_ The semiannual meeting of dis
y trict nine, Junior Order Unitec
n American Mechanics, will be helc
with the Cooleemee council at the
ie lodge hall in Cooleemee Fridav
is night at 7:30 o’clock. This wil!
ibe a business meeting and district
officers for the ensuing year elect
ed. District Deputy George Uz
zell, of Salisbury, will preside. The
district is composed of Davie ant
t Rowan counties.
n S S. Convention To
“ Meet In Greensborc
i- Rev. Shuford Peeler, general sec
n retary, announces that the next
n state Sunday school convention wil
n be held in Greensboro January 21
>- 22 and 23, 1935. The state exe
id cutive committee accepted the in
vitation which was extended b}
>f the Greensboro Ministerial associa
id tion and the chamber of commerce
i- The committee will meet Octobei
28 to formulate plans for the stati
0, Fire Sunday at midnight di<
10 $1,500 damage to the W. A. FIopi
i- two-story brick building on Pear
at street, Rockingham. There wa
:k no insurance. The building wa
;o partly occupied by the negro un
dertakers, Dove Funeral parlor
who lost around $500.
Id The big salaries earned by th
— itiovie ' stars create Unrest amofii
the dishwashers and the office boys
Doughton To
Speak Here
Monday Night
— 11 mi M ■ III
Price Fixing Is
Richbjfcrg Says Business
Must Return To The
Competive Basis
Uncovering a probable change of;
iccurse for NRA, Donald R. Rich-!
jberg the president’s recovery co
jordinator, has advised American
business to leave tne lopsided guild
j socialism” of price fixing and pro
duction control in favor of "the
(old competitive system.”
He labeled an "irridescent dream”
the belief of some industrialists
that permanent prosperity can ba
obtained through the price-fixing,
production-limiting method. At
the same time, he asserted such pra
ctices were justified in emergencies
to prevent the waste of natural re
j sources.
These statements, coming from
I the head of the policy committee
[which is directing the Blue Eagle’s
[course, were interpreted immedi
jatcly as pointing away from fixed
[prices and limited production in
NRA codes. The gradual reopen
ing of all major codes on these is
sues was forecast.
Business men themselves, Rich
berg said had been ‘ thoroughly
"disillusioned” in a year of code
application of the price and pro
duction control they desired. These
[same industrial ranks frankly were
j questioning the wisdom of their
| own provisions, he added. He pro
jected a process of working out the
good in codes "industry by indus
Preparing For
Off Year Vote
November 6th
No New Registration But
Those Not Enrolled
Must Register
_ i
Registrars in the 33 Rowan
county voting precincts this week
DreDared their Drecinct registration
books for the opening day for regis- j
tration Saturday.
The books will be open at the
polling places for the next three
The election date is Tuesday,
November 6th.
It is not anticipated that an ex
tra-heavy vote will be polled in the
general election November 6th but
that the pronounced interest in the
New Deal policies probably will be
responsible for a heavier than usual
"off year” vote.
All those who have come of age,
who have moved into a new pre
cinct, or who have come into the
state within the legal limits will be
required to register before they are
eligible to vote.
No new registration of all vatfCI
has been ordered in this county this
Candidates For
Office In County
Get Questionnaires
The Rowan county Interden
ominational Ministers’ association
has fired a questionnaire at the |
candidates for office in the forth- j
coming election and is calling for!
an answer. Failure to answer is
to be construed as placing the can- |
didates on the opposite side of the,
question from the ministers.
There are six questions and they'
deal with whiskey, the Turling
ton act, prostitution, and gambl-j
ing, including slot machines, pari-!
mutuel, baseball score board de
vices, punch boards, and all!
eambline schemes at fairs, carni-;
vals, expositions and midways. j
The ministers propose to give
publicity to the questionnaire and|
to the answers both through the
press and from their pulpits. The
closing line of the questionnaire
reads: "We desire most earnestly
■to support candidates who will
I labor with us for a better state.”
The naper is signed by C. S. Kirk
, president, and G. L. Kerr,
Big Two of New NRA Chieftains
WASHINGTON . . . The appointment of these two men by President
Roosevelt, to the board of five which make up the New National Industry
Recovery Board, is being acclaimed with great favor. They are; (left),
Sidney Hillman, President of the AmaJK»mated Clothing Workers, and
(right), S. Clay Williams, former president of the Reynolds Tobacco Co.
Both rate high in intelligent and progressive business ranks. The board
will take over General Johnson's administrative duties. October 15.
U.IN.U. 141 Years
Old Today
Pres. Graham To Deliver
Address At Exercises
At State University
Chapel Hill.—President Frank i
P. Graham will deliver the princi- i
pal address at the exercises here i
Friday morning commemorating :
the 141st birthday of the Univer^ <
sity of North Carolina. The occa
sion will be his first formal address i
to the 1934-35 student body. :
October 12 is the anniversary of 1
the laying of the cornerstone of the
Old East building. It was on •
October 12, 1793, that a group of
distinguished North Carolinians, j
led by Gen. William R. Davie, :
father of the University, gathered i
i 1 _i_. _ i_!■
Utu. Lv uuov,! VV. tUV, WV/X1XVXOI.V/11V *
ing of the first state university ;
building in the United States. The :
institution founded on that firsts
University Day since has celebrated
with appropriate exercises each ■
October 12.
The Chapel Hill exercises will
begin shortly after 10 o’clock in
the morning when the academic
procession will form to march into
Memorial hall, where the exercises
proper will take place at 10:3 0,
o’clock. |
Husband: "But. darling, wej
must economize.”
Wife: "Exactly what I’m do-:
ing. I’m buying everything on!
credit.” j:
- j
Slav King Assassinated!
French Minister Slain;
Son, 11, Is Made King
Marsailles.—A Croatian extrem
' ist, bent upon the assassination of :
'■ King Alexander, of Jugoslavia, j
succeeded in murdering his mon- :
arch here Tuesday and at the same
time slew Foreign Minister Louis
I Barthou of France.
: The deaths occured when Kale
l man Petrus, the Croat, jumped on
> the running board of the automo
s bile carrying King Alexander and
• Barthou.
, He fired half a dozen times in
quick succession, the shots raking
the entire royal procession. The
s assassin later was shot dead and
J an alleged accomplice was report
. ed arrested.
Barthou, probably France’s out
tanding statesman, died at 5:45
>. m., it was officially announced,
Allowing a blood transfusion.
Barthou’s death followed by less
:han an hour that of King Alex-i
Taking aim as the automobile
aearing the King and M. Barthou
proceeded slowly through solid
ranks of cheering citizens through
:he main street of the city, the as
sassin fired at hast half a dozen
Two of them at least struck the
Ring. One entered hjs side near
the heart, while another punctur
sd his liver. Barthou’s arm was
Horrified spectators saw th
King slump in his seat, blood pour
ng from his mouth and body. H
was rushed to the prefecture o
police, where physicians Vainly at
temped to save his life.
The assassin was a Croatian
born in Zagreb, Juvoslavia. H
said he was J4.
His self-identification causei
great relief, as grave complication
were feared if early reports the as
sasin was an Italian were born
Peter, the 11-year-old son o
King Alexander, will assume > th
throne occupied by his father.
The automobile of Thad Page,
secretary to Senator Bailey of
North Carolina, was stolen the
other day in Washington and he
thinks he’s about the unluckiest
man in the world. Page had just
finished meeting the monthly in
stallments on the machine when it
was stolen and he had not renewed
theft insurance carried by the fin
ancing company. "That’s what
makes it so hard,’’ he said.
Norman Williams, 3 5, and Ma
rion Bradley, 23, both of Ruther
fordton, engaged in a quarrel while
| on a hunt. Knives were used, and
Williams was killed. Bradley was
arrested and is being held on charges
for murder. A widow survives Wil
Eugene, 11-year-old son of Mr.
and Mrs. Dewey Shoe at Concord,
died from a pistol wound in the
head received when a .3 8 calibre
pistol was fired by the child’s play
mate, Jack Gray. Another case of
I the "unloaded” -dangerous play
! thing.
j Mrs. Nettie Nelson refused to
1 have her sleep disturbed at her
ihome in Oakland, Cal., and told
ithe firemen if her house was on fire
i'to go ahead and put it out while she
finished her Sunday morning nap.
She is 83 years of age, and the fire
men put out the fire without fur
ther disturbing her.
It has been announced that Gas
( tonia cotton mills have agreed to
take back striking employees and
give them work as demands arise.
There will be no discrimination
against union mmbers according to
: announcement of the agreement en
tered into by representatives of the
: mills and the labor organizations.
■ A three-day revolt in Spain cost
, upwards of 500 lives and 2,5 0C
; casualties under Catalonia’s revo
lution for indeoendence. The gov
1 ernment seems to have gotten th<
5 revolt in hand on Sunday, and lead
- ers of the secession are to be caurt
e martialed. In the meantime, Spair
is under strict martial law, aftei
f the arrest of 5,000. In fhe oivi
e disturbances are involved comjnUn
ist and anarcho-syndicalist rebels.
Court May Act
To Get Unpaid
License Taxes
Delinquent Doctors And
Lawyers May Be Sum
moned Before Court
Procedure looking toward having
lawyers, doctors and other profes
sional men of the city, county and
state, cited for failure to pay their
state license taxes, and show cause
before Superior court why their
licenses to practice in North Caro
lina should not be revoked, has been
instituted by the state revenue de
partment and its several branches
throughout the state.
One professional man was cited
in Salisbury the last term of court.
The tax was paid and his license
was not revoked. Others, The
Watchman is informed, have
been notified of their delinquency,
with possible subsequent citation.
The plan of action, as outlined
by the collector calls for each pro
fessional man named in the execu
tions to be notified that his tax is
due and that the papers are in the
hands of the local office.
After this notice has been given,
the delinquenct taxpayers are allow
ed 24 hours in which to comply
with the revenue law. If the tax is
not then paid, the executions are
turned over to the sheriff, and he
is instructed to make the collections
plus the 20 per cent penalty now
in effect.
If for any reason the sheriff’s of
ficers cannot collect on the execu
tions, they are to be turned back to
the deputy collector, who is then
instructed to file with the judge
presiding over superior court and
with the clerk of court citations in
which the delinquent taxpayer is
ordered to appear before the court
and show cause why his license to
practice his profession in the state
should not be revoked under the
North Carolina revenue act.
This procedure, it was pointed
out, applies only to the delinquents
wiiu cume unuer me provisions or
Section 109 in the privilege license
tax division. In the case of delin
quent taxpayers under the regula
tion license tax division and in the
sales tax division the act makes pro
vision for issuance of warrents
those who do not pay as provided
by the statute.
In addition to the judgments,
there is the execution and the cita
tion already filled out and ready to
i be put into effect, it was pointed
'out. Orders have been issued from
; Raleigh headquarters to proceed
with vigor in the matter of making
I collections in all branches of the
state revenue act, it was stated.
The professional men’s tax went
into effect on the first of June this
year, and there is now a 20 per
cent penalty added to the $25 re
gulation levy.
Rowan County
Trench Silo Have
80-Ton Capacity
With over 160 tons of silage al
ready stored for use this winter,
W, D. Graham, of Mount Ulla, is
now digging another trench silo
that will hold approximately 80
tons, reports County Agent W. G.
Yeager. The livestock on this farm
produces from four to five hund
red tons of manure each year
which is broadcast over the farm
for soil improvement.
Yeager also reports that the
. farmers who planted peanuts this
year are harvesting an average of
225 bushels to the acre. Small
■ plots of "one-tenth to one-quarter
: acre «?ch were planted, he says.

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