Carolina Watchman j Published Every Friday , Morning By The ^ Carolina Watchman Pub. Cov SALISBURY, NORTH CAROLINA ____ 1 E. W. G. Huffman—President ] J. R. Felts,_Business Mgr. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Payable In Advance One Year_$1.«0 6 Months- .50 Entered as second-class mail matter at the postoffice at Sal isbury, N. C., under the act of March 3, 1879. The influence of weekly news papers on public opinion exceeds that of all other publications in the country.—Arthur Brisbane. POPULATION DATA (1930 Census) Salisbury -16,951 Spencer-'.-3,128 E. Spencer---2,098 China Grove-1,258 Landis -1,388 Rockwell —;- 696 Granite Quarry- 507 Cleveland- 43 5 Faith - 431 Gold Hill _ U6 (Population Rowan Co. 56,665) ONLY ONE KIND Ot- NfcWS At 10 o’clock every morning, Eastern Standard Time, and at 6:30 o’clock every evening, those who are tuned in on any one of 118 broadcasting stations hear a five minute review of the high-lights of the day’s news. It comes to them without any advertising tagged to it. It is furnished, free of cost, by the newspapers of the United States, j through the three great press news associations, tile Associated Press, the United Press and the Interna-, tional News Service. And several times a day "flash” bulletins of im- j portant. or sensational news deve-j lopments are broadcast in the same i manner. This news that you get from Press Radio Service is accurate, de pendable and reliable news. Why? Because it is newspaper news. There is no other source of news that can be relied upon except the newspap ers. A great many people have the foolish idea that newspapers do not give them all the news; that some mysterious forces operate to sup press news. It is often much more interesting to listen to unfounded and sensational rumor than to read, the plain facts; and a great many persons are credulous enough to be lieve rumor in preference to facts. Many large advertisers have tried to hitch their advertising broad casts to radio news. They cannot do so, unless they gather- their own, news. Newspaper news, such as is j broadcast by Press Radio, is not forj sale. Any other kind of news is subject to suspicion; for the gath ering, editing and distribution of news on a national scale is a taski which calls for a great staff of highly-trained, alert, competent newspaper men. Commenting on the news is another thing. Anyone is at liber- J tv to express opinions on anything! which is already public property, j A few gentlemen are doing a very! good job of news interpretation on the air. But when it comes to the news itself, nothing that you may hear is to be relied upon unless it is definitely the only genuine sort o* news there is—newspaper news, j REFORMERS AND HUMAN, NATURE Our observation of reformers is that they are always in too much of a hurry. We haven’t anybody especially in mind, but we see and hear of lots of good people who think the world ought to be made over at once. As far as we have read about what has gone on in the world in the past, there have been lots of tries at remodeling human nature, >r at least of changing the shape ot mman organizations and institu- | ions in the hope that, somehow, he change will react beneficially ipon the human nature. We have leard about very few such attempts hat have succeeded in less than a ew hundred years. Therefore we i ire inclined to be somewhat skepti :al about any sort of an attempt to , ■eform anything of material consc ience in a few weeks or months ] >r years. We are not against reformers. 3uite the contrary. We feel a good leal, at times, the way Omar Khay yam did when.he wrote: "Ah, Love, could you and I with Him conspire To grasp this sorry scheme of things entire, j Would we not shatter it to bits— and then j Remold it nearer to the Heart’s desire?” We confess, however that wej lave been unable, so far to "grasp' this sorry scheme of things entire,” j ind we question whether anyone' •he has been able to do that. And if we were able to "remold it near :r to the Heart’s desire,” the ques tion would immediately arise to rex us: "Whose heart?” It takes a brave man, indeed, to assume that what he thinks is best for every body will be accepted by ~ every body as best for themselves. On the whole, perhaps, reformers lo not do as much damage as some beople imagine. And, on the whole, we think humanity has been doing i pretty good job of reforming it :elf, through the ages. TODAY AND TOMORROW —BY— Frank Parker Stockbridge SILVER . . . and trade boom The Chinese Government has protested to the United States Gov ernment against the policy oL buy ing silver, which has forced thei price of the metal up in the world markets to nearly 60 cents an ounce. China has levied ajCfetport I tax on silver, so much was being drawn out of that country. Regular readers of this column | will remember that I pointed out.! more than three years ago, that anj increase in the price of silver to its pre-war average would make it im possible for China and other silver money countries to compete unfair ly with the gold-standard nations in international trade. The silver policy adopted at Washington has had just that effect. As an amateur economist, I want to register another guess about in ternational money. It will not be very long now before France de values the franc again, and the I other gold-standard nations will follow suit. Then a complete equalization of the values of the currencies of all nations will be possible and international trade will begin to boom again all over the world. * » » PRODUCTION . a . distribution One good result of the depres sion and the consequent efforts of thousands of intelligent thinkers to find out what caused it and how to prevent another one, is that we have learned, for the first time, a J lot of facts that nobody knew about our economic system. When we have all the facts may be somebody can do something about it, though it takes a long time for facts to become generally! known. A lot of loose talk has1 been heard in the past few years j about "over-production.” Men have been disciplined for denying' that America was producing more1 goods than we could consume. Butj now it has been ascertained, with what seems to me convincing de-! finiteness, that in almost every line of industry the equipment for pro-! duction is far below what would be needed if everybody were to be supplied with all the goods he needs. The problem is one of distribu tion, and that is not going to be ] solved in a day. But I think we ire coming out of the depression! with a great deal more accurate | knowledge on this and many other economic problems. » ■* * WAR . . . doubtful Maybe, by the time this appear:, in print, the nations of Europe will be flying at each other’s throats, but I doubt it. I do not believe chat the assassination of King Al sxander of Jugoslavia will preci pitate a war. That is not to say, however, that no European country' ivants something that it can only jet by going to war. I was in Italy a couple of years j igo. Everywhere I saw and heard ;vidence that Mussolini’s govern ment wants to control the eastern toast of the Adriatic, which is Jugoslavia. Also, I heard much talk about Italy’s desire to regain the whole Riviera, as far west as Marseilles, from France. Italy wants to control the sea routes of the Mediterranean and is jealous of any ather nation that might have a mo tive in shutting her off from her supplies of fuel oil, coal and the products of her African colonies. If Europe had recovered finan cially from the last war, the pres ent situation would look more war like to me. I don’t think any na tion, except possibly France, could finance a war at this time; nor do I believe any of them wants to fight. # * » PEACE . . . resolutions I have to smile, though somewhat sadly, at the numerous peace move ments among well-meaning persons who haven’t the remotest notion of the cause of war. Ladies’ sewing circles adopting resolutions against war will never bring peace. I counted up a while ago the major wars that had been fought in the world since the United States declared its independence. They totalled more than thirty. Our na tion was only involved in seven of them. But let some able propa gandist convince the people of the United States that some other na tion is treading on our toes, or threatening to deprive us of some of our rights on the seas, and see how quickly the young men of America will rush to enlist for war! I do not expect to live to see the last threat against the world’s peace removed. My great-grand-children, if such there be, will not see it. Meantime, peace societies will con tinue resoluting but wise statesmen will be preparing for war in time of peace. s- * 9 MORALS . . . then and now I am not one of those who believe that the moral standards of the hu man race are deteriorating. I don’t know that I would say they are im . • 1.1 1 11 piUYiug, uui, taivtu uy 411U gt, I think there is little difference be tween the morals of 1934 and those of the period of my own adoles cense, say 1884. The principal difference is that people talk and write more about breaches of morals than they used to in the days when such things were not discussed in public. Boys and girls behave about the same as they used to, and I think about the only difference is that there is less parental restraint. There are more divorces, true, but that doesn’t sig nify that there weren’t as many grounds for divorce fifty years ago as now. It is simply that it is no longer regarded as disgraceful to be divorced. Just now many things are done and exploited publicly that used to be regarded as strictly pri vate affairs. The pendulum will swing back, as it has many times in the course of history, and we shall see another era of hushing up moral lapse instead of magnifying Dr glorifying them. CONSTRUCT LEGION HUT Brick work on the new Ameri :an legion hut in Albemarle has begun, and indications are now :hat the building will be completed svithin the next four weeks. Plans ire to dedicate the building as a part of the Armistice day cele bration to be held there Saturday, November 10. rHE MAN in the story is one of j * * * (; rHE TOWN’S leading citizens, ] a * * JUT HE came here from another * * * 5LACE A few years ago. He * * * ARRIVED IN town a few days a * a \HEAD OF his family. "May l a a- a HELP YOU to some boiled rice, a a a MR. HITLER?” asked the landlady !F * * SPHERE HE was staying until his * * * FAMILY ARRIVED. "No, thank * a- * yOU,” HE replied fiercely. "Rice a a a [S ASSOCIATED with the worst * JF * MISTAKE OF my life.” sF * * [ THANK YOU. PICAYUNES |' N’ YAKW WIT ] Lennie Hayton is glad the foot ball season is here. Because now a . guy can walk down the street with j a blanket on one arm—and a girl J on the other—and not get talked i about. ) ■—Walter Winchell’s column, i LADY LUCK ATTENDS CROSS- , ING OF BIRDS Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Wrenn, Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Luck and baby and Mrs. Annie Cross spent Sunday in Martinsville, Va. —Cedar Falls news, Asheboro Courier. DANGED IF HE WA’N’T Mr. R. G. Perry was re-elected superintendent of the Sunday school last Sunday by receiving the highest number of votes. —Brown’s Chapel news, Chatham Record. PROBABLY IN CHICAGO NOW It was stated last week that Al fred Jenkins was visiting in Roan oke Rapids. He changed his course after leaving here and is en route to Texas. —Locust news, Concord Tribune. WHAT’D SHE SUPPLY? THAT FEMININE TOUCH? Miss Jacklyn Mace of Spartan burg, S. C., will leave Friday for Laurinburg after supplying at the Western Union for O. W. Cottle for two weeks. —Item, Hamlet News-Messenger. WHAT’S THE LEGAL RATE FOR REVIVALS? Rev. Mr. Styron stated yesterday j that the meeting would continue through this week and as much' longer as the interest justifies. —Excerpt Smithfield Herald., PLUMB FERGOT TO LOOK IN GEORGE’S STOMACH George Palmer, whose illness was | overlooked in last issue, continues jto suffer with disorder of the stom lache. j—Wall City news, Lexington Dis j patch. [wanderlust Mr. J. F. McKay recently made a trip to Baltimore. He was accom panied by his son, Dr. W. P. McKay of Fayetteville, who was carrying a [patient to a hospital. Mr. McKay went just for the trip. —Philadelphus news, Lumberton Robensonian. _ JACK ARE GET FULL O’ LASSES The people in this section are 'quite busy cooking syrup now, as jjack Frost has begin now in full. —Delway item, Goldsboro News Argus. I - HE CATCHEM HEAP MUCH! jHELL IF HE KEEPS IT UP Mr. Caachem motored to Pamlico ion business Sunday afternoon. !—Hobucken news, New Bern Tri bune. TSK! TSK! ANOTHER’N NOT PRACTICIN’ WHAT HE PREACHES Our pastor, Rev. H. T. Penry. brought an uplifting message Sun day night. His subject was "Be Si lent.” j—Southmont news, Lexington Dis patch. I - Conducting Experiments On Rubber Elasticity Dr. Milton Braun, head of the physics department at Catawba college, is conducting extensive ex periments and research work in an effort to determine what makes rubber elastic. He is said the only scientist in the United States now at work on this problem, and has been conducting his experiments since 1932. He has been offered the use of elaborate equipment in the physics; department of Washington, D. C.,' and will likely make use of the ma-j terials, but will do the major part cf his work at Catawba. Rail Pensions Bill Illegal Washington.—The railway re tirement act was held unconstitu tional Wednesday in a ruling hand ed down by District Supreme Court Justice Alfred A. Wheat. The opinon holds Congress went beyond its powers, in the light of the in terstate commerce clause in the Constitiution. The 136 major railways were compellel under the act to deduct 2 per cent of salaries of employes and to add twice as much from the railway’s funds to set up a retirement system. Cleveland Rt. 2 Items The regular meeting of Cleve [and-Scotch Irish Grange was held Tuesday night at the grange hall. A Hallowe’en program was given in charge of the Lecturer, Miss Sadie Wilhelm. All members are urged to be at the next regular meeting on Nov. 13 th for the elec tion of officers for 1935. Mr. Hollaway Burton, Catawba College Junior, spent the week-end with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. ''W . H. Burton. He was accompanied home by two of his school mates, Messrs. Delawter and Barr. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Turner, of Fieldale, Va., spent the week-end with Miss Ruby Johnson. Miss Mary Pence gave a surprise birthday dinner in honor of her mother, Mrs. Lizzie Pence, at their home in Harmony, Sunday. Among those attending from Cleveland were: Mr. and Mrs. N. S. Steele, Mr.,and Mrs. J. H. Steele and fam ily, Mr. and Mrs. P. A. Johnson,! Mr. and Mrs. T. D. Steele andj family, Mr. and Mrs. F. L. Camp bell and family, Mr. and Mrs. C. | E. Steele, Mr. and Mrs. G. C. | Steele and family, Mr. and Mrs.! Frank Turner, Misses Ruby and Haael Johnson and Mr. Harry Johnson. Mr. and Mrs. R. W. Wilhelm and Misses Sadie and Gladys Wil helm attended the surprise birth day dinner in honor of their cousin Raymond Perrell, at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Lum Perrell, near Woodleaf, Sunday. ' TL „ 1. „ /■v/tunfl IvminnmO to have corn shuckings these bright moonlight nights. Miss Ruby Johnson and Mr. Paul Burton visited Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Steele at Salisbury, and also friends in Cooleemee Sunday night. Mrs. Pearl Dobbins and son, Mr. Joe Dobbins, and several others visited at Mr. C. F. Barringer’s on Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. R. P. Wilhelm and daughters visited Mr. and Mrs. R. W. Wilhelm Sunday afternoon. Misses Frances and Margaret Louise Campbell spent Tuesday night with their aunt, Mrs. P. A. Johnson. Mr. Guy Lefler was the week end guest of Mr. Paul Lazenby. Mr. and Mrs. Hoyt Hill were the week-end guests of Mrs. Hill’s mother, Mrs. S. B; Wallace. Several of the ^children around have whooping cough. Franklin News Mr. and Mrs. Willie Spake and children, of Spencer, Mr. and Mrs. James Miller, of Salisbury, and Mr. and Mrs. Harry Miller and daught er, Jane, were Sunday dinner guests of Mr. and Mrs. Lem Miller. W. A. the little son of Mr. and Mrs. Will Kesler, has been in sev eral days with tonsilitis. He is I some improved, but not able to be in school. Mr. J. A. Click has been sick for two weeks and is not much better at this writing. Mrs. W. P. Sloop is spending sev eral days with her father, J. A. Click. Mrs. L. A. Swicegood will en tertain her Sunday school class of Bethel church with a Hallowe’en party at her home Friday evening, October 26th. 'All members are urged to go and enjoy the even ing. In Europe they used to brag of the scars they got in duels, while in this country we merely have the dents in our automobile fenders to boast of. Why Doctors Favor a Liquid Laxative A doctor will tell you that the care less use of strong laxatives may do more harm than good. Harsh laxatives often drain the system, weaken the bowel muscles, and even affect the liver and kidneys. Fortunately, the public is fast returning to laxatives in liquid form. The dose of a liquid laxative can be measured. The action can thus be regulated to suit individual need. It forms no habit; you needn’t take a “double dose” a day or two later. Dr. Caldwell’s Syrup Pepsin gently helps the average person’s bowels while nature is restoring their regu-! larity. Why not try it? Some pill ori tablet may be more convenient to carry. But there is little “conven ience” in any cathartic which is taken so frequently, you must carry it with you, wherever you go I Its very taste tells you Dr. Cald well’s Syrup Pepsin is wholesome. A! delightful taste, and delightful action, j Safe for expectant mothers, and| children. At all druggists, ready for use, in big bottles. U. S. To Acquire 5,000,000 Acres Of Farm Lands To Be Part Of Public Domain Forty Different Projects Under Way For Pur chase of Tracts Washington.—About 5,000,000 acres of submarginal farm land are destined by the powers-that-be to be back in the public domain be fore the close of the year. Farm administration and relief officials, talking guardedly about their plans for buying land, con ceded that they had 40 projects involving the purchase of about 4,000,000 acres in various stages of completion. They indicated these projects were in addition to the t,000,000 acres which Flarry L. Hopkins, the relief administrator, last week re ported already purchased or under contract. Hopkins said the work of moving families from land taken over by the government was well under way. Open Deer Season In Pisgah Forest Asheville.—An area as teeming with game as were the primitive virgin forests of America, before the arrival of the white man will be thrown open to deer hunters for eighteen days during Decem ber, this year, according to an an nouncement made by United States Forest service officials in Asheville. The tract, which lies a short dis tance west from Asheville, is a part of the Pisgah National Game pre serve, and formerly a portion of the great Biltmore estate, ^established here by George W. Vanderbilt. The area was stocked with deer, originally, by Mr. Vanderbilt, and after it became a part of the Pis gah National forest and a nation al game preserve, protection of the animals was continued. In recent years, increase of the deer on the tract has brought about an over-stocked condition on the preserve. Too many deer now roam through the 100,000 acres of forest lands of the area. The food supply is depleted and there is danger of epidemics sweeping the herds due to the crowding of too many animals in the area. To remove the surplus deer, 400 hunters will be given an opportun ity to pursue the nimble game in I this region, this year. An area oi 10,000 acres of the preserve, the most over-stocked portion of the tract, will be opened to hunter; during the period from December 2to December 22, not including Sundays. Hunters must apply personally by letter for application blanks, [Write to United States Forest Service, Pisgah National Forest, Asheville, N. C. Who gets the li censes, 400 of which will be issued, I will be decided by lot. Salisbury Route One Mr. and Mrs. Janies White and daughter, Norma Ruth, visited Mrs. A. P. Shaver over the week end. Mr. and Mrs. Alec Eury and children, of Concord, with Mrs. Benson, also Mr. and Mrs. Paul Kluttz, of Yadkin, motored to the country and spent awhile with W. B. Myers and wife. Leo Myers, Earl Harrison, Rob ert Benson, Fred and John Bost visited Lloyd Powlas on last Fri day. M. L. Bost, with Jason Bost, visited Charlie Ritchie near Kan napolis last week. Charlie Myers was in Salisbury Saturday. A Chapter of The National Beta Club is now organized at the Woodleaf Hi school. Students of the junior and senior classes who pass outstanding scholastic and citizenship records are eligible for membership. The purpose of the club is recreational, social and edu cational benefits. Members regist ered are: Francis Elliott, Mariam Lyerly, Lois Davis, Mavis Powlas, Nadine Connely, Ruth Penninser, Elizabeth Clisk, Nan Nesbit, Leo Morgan, George Miller, Carl Hoff man, Douglas Bailey and Paul Witmore. Peianut picking at Mr. J. B. Gibbons’ Friday, October 19. The following were present: Mr. Jame' and Miss Ethel Deal, Mr. Leonard, Paul and Miss Margaret Williams, Mr. Blane and Eugene Goodman, Miss Virginia Gibbons, Mr. James Owen, Miss Esther, Mr. Clarence and Marion Freeman, J. B. Gib bons, Jr., and Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Gibbons. At the close of the pick ing, weinners, sandwiches, cake, custard and coffee were served. THIS WEEK IN WASHINGTON (Continued from page one) by any process short of monetary inflation. There was quite a flurry over the coincidence of Senator Bulkley’s statement, after a visit to the White House, that the dollar might be further devalued, and the call on the President, on the same day, of Processor Warren of Cornell, who is supposed to be responsible for some of the more radical of the Admini stration’s monetary policies. Mr. Roosevelt took pains to make it clear that he was not contemplating any inflationary moves at this time. But he delivered quite an impres sive lecture on his intention to raise commodity prices still further. It turns out that the price level of 1926, which has been assumed to be the goal at which the Adminis tration was aiming, is not that, pre cisely. The effort is to be the es tablishment of the parity between farm prices and manufactured commodity prices which existed be fore the war. Just how this is to be brought about the President did not explain. He thought relative prices of many commodities were out of line, which leads to the belief that a material reduction in some prices will be countenanced and encouraged from Washington. t r I JL.UWV1 UldllV HldllUiatlUI ers and distributors have been pointing out, will mean more sales and consequently a larger volume jof business and increased employ ment. In some quarters the Presi dent’s remarks are interpreted as in dicating that the Administration is prepared to abandon its effort to : raise wages first and to force all 1 prices up to pay the higher wages, but is willing to let business try : lower prices, in some consumer j goods, to meet the pocketbooks of a public that is counting its pennies more carefully than ever before. | Nevertheless, the warning came |from the Administration itself that meat prices and other prices of farm products are due for much greater increases than have yet come about. The efforts of the AAA to raise farm incomes must be supplement led, many observers here believe, bv inflationary measures if they are to succeed. There is beginning to be talk about "years” that will be required for complete recovery. The idea that anything of vital importance can be made to happen in a few weeks or a few months is losing supporters. There is a pretty gen eral consensus in Washington that, I while recovery is definitely on its (way, and material progress has been made, it is futile to think of 193 5 jor ’36 or even, perhaps, 1940, as the time when the nation’s econo mic situation will be as good as it I was, say, in 1926. Land Specialist I To Make Talks High Point.—Beginning Friday, October 26, from 6 to 6:15 p. m., Station WBT, Charlotte, will broadcast a series of talks by fed eral land specialists in North Caro lina who are connected with the Soil Erosion Service of the United States Department of the Interior. Succeeding talks will be given ieach Friday evening at the same hour for four weeks. Each pro gram will feature discussion of a different phase of the government’s erosion-control program in the state. | Tests show that from 12 to 20 tons of productive topsoil an acre is lost from the cultivated slopes of the state each year. Experiments also show that rainwash robs the j North Carolina farmer of as much plantfood in one year as his crops remove in 20 years. The government has in opera tion in North Carolina two ero sion-control projects, one of 137, 000 acres in cooperation with the landowners of upper Deep River in Guilford and Randolph counties and another of 5 8,000 acres in Union and Anson counties. As a result of strong petitioning of Reedy Fork Creek farmers of For syth and Guilford counties for similar work, an additional project was recently allowed that water shed of upward 50,000 acres, car rying an initial appropriation of $150,000. The American people are said to be waking up, but may be doubt ful if they stay awake any longer than is necessary to eat dinner.

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