North Carolina Newspapers

    The Carolina Watchman ESS
• • ' r ' i ' " " 1 ■■ 1 .. 4 _ ■
All Wheels Turning
Getting Acclimated
Bonus And Pension
Labor, Population and
Power Companies’ Aim
With the complete machinery of j
Government in full swing—-Con-:
gress in session, the Supreme Courtf
on the bench and the Executive de
partments,'which never take a va
cation, -functioning full speed-—
Washington today presents a scene
of unparallelled activity.
The city is so crowded that many
of the new Senators and Represen
tatives, who had no previous Wash
ington experience, have found it
impossible to get houses, apart
ments or even hotel accommoda
tions within the reach of their
pocketbooks. Washington’s attitude
toward the denizens of Capitol Hill
is that they are only transients,
anyway, and let them take a hall!
bedroom if they can’t find any- j
thing else. Niew members who |
came expecting to be welcomed at1
the station by a brass band and
flooded with invitations to social
affairs, are discovering that, no
matter how big they may be in]
their home towns, they are only so!
many votes for—or against Ad-!
ministration measures when they]
get to Washington. Only after
years of service does a Senator or
a Representative establish himself
as a personality in the Washington
One of the firsts things a new -
member learns, however, is that the J
"allowances” above his salary are
worth conserving. There is noth- (
ing in law or custom to prevent ai
Senator or Representative from
putting his wife, his son, his | r
daughter or other relatives on the If
Federal payroll. Each member is;e
entitled to a secretary and to other js
clerical help, and if he is a com-ip
mittee chairman he has the naming1 b
of important paid employees of the Ip
committee. A recent count show-!a:
ed 4-Tper»ns bearing the same If,
secretaries. A frugal member canjst
save pretty nearly all of his $10,
000 a year salary, and many do al
just that. S(
Very few members ever get their h
names in the big newspapers, but p
the corps of Washington corres- 0
pondents now includes scores of v
young men who make a specialty of n
getting these unknoown members b
a "break” in their homedistrict s
newspapers. s
All that is necessary for the e
average member to do to get favor
able mention in home paper dis- j
patches is to introduce plenty of a
bills which are calculated to im- a
press the home voters. Seldom do
any of these bills get beyond the <
committee to which they are re- J
ferred, and it is one of the rarest
of events for a new member of
either house to get a chance to
make a speech. All he is expected
to do or has much of a chance to ^
do is to be “regular” and vote the
way party leaders tell him to.
I j
The new Congress will play ball 5
with the President—on everything ^
but the bonus. Nobody can tell
what may happen when it comes to c
the question of old-age pensions. .
The President opened the door for !
that in his annual message. The 1
Townsend Plan advocates say they 1
have 25,000,000 votes behind the 1
scheme to give everybody over 60 1
a pension of $200 a month. That’s
a lot of votes, and if any such '
demonstration can be made, it will 1
have a powerful effect on Congress. c
The Administration plan of pro- f
viding jobs for everybody who is J
able to work, but at wages lower 1
than those current in private in
dustry, while throwing the burden
of caring for the unemployables ‘
back on the states, as outlined in.
the President’s message, is well liked ,
on Capitol Hill, and the first bil
lion dollars necessary to carry this
out has already been authorized by
Congress. jBut this work relief *
plan, which is to be submitted for 1
direct cash doles, will take many 1
months to get into operation, two 1
or three years, perhaps, to get into 1
full swing. Meantime, Uncle Sam •
will continue to dish out money for 5
direct payments to the unemploy- i
ed. <
Signs are multiplying that the
power of organized labor in the 1
Administration is declining. The ]
split-off of the building trades 1
from the A. F. of L. will, it is pre
dicted here, result in four major 1
(Continued on page four) 1
For Increase
Of 15 PerCent
Pay Boosts For State Em
ployes Also Urged—
Sales Tax ‘ Inevitable*
Seek More For Schools
Members of the legislature have
turned to studies of administration
fiscal recommendations, including
15 per cent salary boosts for public
school teachers and other state em
ployes and generally increased state
services "all along the line.”
Senate and house received the
budget revenue and appropriations
bills and the biennial report of the
advisory budget commission. The
senate also heard its clerk read fis
cal recommendations of Governor
Ehringhaus but the house adjourned
before the chief executive sent his
message upstairs.
Committees of houses have
been announced and all organiza
tion completed. Lieutenant Gov
ernment A. H. Graham advised
the senators of their assignments
and Speaker Robert Grady Johnson
announced house committees to
in ms money message governor
Ehringhaus gave the General As
sembly free reign in its opinion
that re-enactment of the three per
cent sales tax is "inevitable.” Elim
ination a present exemptions was
recommended in his message and
in the budget revenue bill. He in
sisted upon a "balanced budget.”
I The suggested tax machinery act
eMitaiM no mow tuKs and oti
{schedules of rates remain the same.
By stoppage of "leakage” and tight
ening of administrative provisions,
the budgeteers estimate the revenue
bill will yield some $3,500,000 more
during each year of the biennium
iwhich starts July 1, this year, than
it is doing at present. The governor
endorses that estimate.
Public schools would get $2,500,
000 of the anticipated additional
revenue and the remaining $1,000,
000 would be spread out among
other state functions. Most of the
entire amount would be consumed
by the suggested 15 per cent up
ping of state payrolls.
Governor Ehringhaus, in his mes
sage, again declared against diver
sion of highway taxes but signed
his name to the budget report
which recommended continuance of
a $1,000,000 annual transfer from
the highway to the general fund.
The budget report met federal
demands for relief appropriations
by recommending that $1,500,000
be spent during each of the next
two fiscal years repairing "deterior
ated” highways and providing new
When the highway budget was
completed it was found that some
$2,000,000 probably would be on
hand and a "revolving fund” to
amortize highway debts was re
commended by the budgeteers.
Minister (to youngster carrying
infant): "What a fine baby, and so
like his father.”
Youngsters: "Yes, sir, and he’s
fond of his bottle, too.”
Girl Flying Mails
WASHINGTON . . . Miss Helen
Bichey, 25, (above), is flying the
mail on the Washington to Detroit
run. She is the first woman to win
the right to wear TJncle Sam’a Air
mail Wings over her left coat pocket
Helen has 1000 flying hoars to her
D. G. Brummitt Is
Claimed By Death
Death of Attorney General Den
nis G. Brummitt, 54, last Saturday
from pneumonia, following influ
enza, was a shock to the entire
state, in which he had been a pro
minent figure a long time. The
body lay in state in the State Capi
tol Sunday from 12 to 2 o’clock
rnd the was then taken to Oxford
'or burial
tate employees in his honor.
A graduate as mayor of Oxford
ind representative in the general as- '
embly from Granville, in which
le was speaker of the house in 1929. :
Hie was chairman of the State Dem- :
acratic executive committee, and
was elected attorney general, begin
ning his service 10 years ago. He
has been a fearless and outspoken
state official, honorable and con
scientious, and was held in high
esteem all over the state.
He is survived by his widow,
Mrs. Kate Flemming Brummitt,
and two sisters and three brothers,
all of Granville, county.
Many Cars Caught
In Statejn 1934
North Carolina ran out 57,394
new and modern motor vehicles
from the sales places in the state
during 1934, all of which does not
reduce the problem of highway
safety. Of the number, 46,196
were new passenger cars and 11,
191 were trucks. This is an in
crease of no mean proportion over
the 29,191 new passenger cars sold
in 1933, and the 6,597 trucks sold
last year. The 21,606 more sales
of new passenger cars and trucks
in 1934 than were sold in 1933,
the motor vehicle bureau reports.
In December the sales reached
3,064 passenger cars, as against 3,
029 in November and 2,220 in De
cember, 1933. Truck sales in De
cember reached 754, as against 686
in November and 642 in Decem
ber, 1933.
"Why did you leave your last
job?” asked the boss.
"I didn’t leave it; it left me,”
said the applicant.
"How could that be?”
"I worked in an ammunition fac
tory and it went up in the night.”
"Now, listen here!” said the quiet
little man. "One of these rays I’m
going to start in and tell you' a few
"You may as well begin right
now,” answered his wife, "and tell
me why you called me 'baby’ in
your sleep last night.”
e> 1 KAJNCjt MAN
Daughter: "Tonight, I shall be
delightfully entertained in the arms
of Morpheus.”
Country Aunt: "You’ll do no
thing of the kind. I’ll have no scan
dalous love affairs around here. An
other thing, Morpheus or whatever
you call him had better not put
his foot in this house.”
Aunty—"You should be more
correct in your speech, dear. You
say you had a bad cold; did you
ever hear of a good cold?”
Johnny—"I had one once that
kept me home from school.”
Drunk—"Say, call me a cab,
Bystander—"My good man. I’m
tot a doorman, I am a naval of
Drunk—"Awright, then call me
i boat, gota get home.”
Valet (to master)—"Sir, your
ear is at the door.”
Master—"Yes, I hear it knock
Professor—"What; "was Gejo^ge
Washington noted for?”
Student—"His memory.”
Professor—"What makes you
think his memory was so great?”
Student—"They erected a monu
ment to it.”
Maud: "It’s no good denying it,
Dora. It was too dark for me to see
who it was, but I listinctly saw
some man kiss you in the garden.
You ought to be ashamed of your
Dora: "I don’t see why. I’ve
often seen George kiss you.”
Maud (engaged to George): "Yes,
but I allow nobody but George to
kiss me.”
Dora: "Well, it was nobody but
George who kissed me!”
Prof. Boreleigh—"If I have talk
ed too long it’s because I have no
watch with me, and there’s no
clock in this hall.”
Raspberry—"There’s a calendar
behind you.”
A. A. F. Sea well Is Advanced To
Attorney Generalship Of The State
Raleigh. — Assistant Attorney
General A. A. Flowers Seawell was
promoted Wednesday to the attor
ney generalship vacancy caused by
the death Saturday of Dennis G.
Brummitt and yesterday morning
in the Supreme court room Mr.
Seawell was given the oath of of
fice which was administered by his
colleague in the 1913 general as
sembly, Justice G. W. Connor.
The appointment was announced
by Governor Ehringhaus, who was
pleased to see the universally popu
lar reaction to his designation.
There was double satisfaction to
the governor that the Seawell selec
tion would have been Mr. Brum
mitt’s had the attorney general
been able to speak. There was no
man in public life for whom Mr.
Brummitt had greater admiration.
There is none for whom the gov
ernor could possibly esteem more
Mr. Seawell is the sort of citizen
who doesn’t have a violent biogra
phy. Always he has been a studi
ous lawyer without impulse to pro
mote his own interests. He was a
member of the 1901 general assem
bly and in that body he betrayed
his age. He was 37 then and took
his place in a legislature that had
such men in it as Gov. Locke Craig,
(Continued on page four)
| Mail Romance Sours |
umana . . . minerva waiters,
25, (above), is through with “mail
order romance.” After correspond
ing with Arble Harrison of Cleve
land, Minerva went there to become
his bride. But it was no go, love
soured and now she’s home again.
Liquor Law Is
Drafted For N. G
Raleigh.—A liquor bill to libera
lize the Turlington act and provide
jfor the legal sale of whiskey ir
North Carolina has been draftee
iby a member of the General As
sembly who has been a lifelong dry
and will be introduced in the next
few weeks, it was learned.
The proponent of the measure re
quested that his name not be used
until the bill is actually introduced.
The proposed bill iscMj^rt^S
every detailjCga^Wflf^Tsections,
it was learnech No estimate of the
will administer the act.
A certain percentage of the quali
fied voters of any municipality
would be allowed to outlaw loca
tion of a liquor store there. If the
liquor store is| established, those
citizens objecting may call a spe
cal election on "store or no store,”
the proponent of the measme stated.
Liquor would be sold only in
packages, one quart at a time, for
consumption off the premises. The
measure would not remove the Tur
lington act from the books, it was
explained, but would put legal
whiskey in the reach of all North
Carolinians who have the price.
The system of stores would be
similar to the system in Virginia.
train Wrecks at
Two persons were killed and at
least three injured here Sunday in
a wreck of Southern Railway train
No. 31, the "Augusta Special” from
Washington to Augusta, Ga., which
left the rails a mile north of the
passenger station in Charlotte and
piled up across the double trunk
line. The dead are: C. E. Yarbor
ough, 38, of Salisbury, Southeastern
Express company employe; an un
identified man about 30 years old
who apparently had been riding
the rods of the baggage car.
Paul Jackson of Autryville and
a negro bell boy, Robert Jones, of
jFayettesville were victims Sunday
of hit and run drivers who failed
|to stop, and who left no clues. Al
bert Brickhouse, 5 8, of Jarvisburg,
met death instantly when struck
by an automobile.
j The first solo flight between
Hawaii and California was made
Saturday when Amelia Earhardt,
Putnam completed the d
2,048 miles in^^^hfftfrs and 16
minut«^|M^W?serves that flight
j^Wonovcr the Pacific is much
worse than that over the Atlantic.
Mrs. Putnam is 36 years old, and
has won many honors in aviation
Dennis G. Brummitt, for 10
years attorney general of North
Carolina, died Saturday shortly
birthday. Pneumonia developed
following an illness of influenza.
All state offices were closed yes
terday in Raleigh, as proper rev
erence was shown in services at
the capitol and the removal of his
body to Oxford for burial and
final rites. _
The plebiscite of Sunday to de
termine whether the Saar would
return to Germany, became a part
of France, or remain under the
jurisdiction of league of nations
resulted favorably to Germany, by
unoffical announcement of re
turns. The forecast was plain days
ago, and terms of settlement among
the countries affected are apparent
ly satisfactory to all, except Hitlers’
opposing factions in the Saar itself.
Unemployment Insurance By
State Is Proposed In Report
Enactment of a state system of
present legislature is proposed in the
presentlegislature is proposed in the
report of North Carolina commis
sion on unemployment insurance
made public.
The report was addressed to Gov
ernor Ehringhaus, who named the
commission headed by former Sen
ator W. O. Burgin, of Davidson, in
accordance with a resolution adopt
ed by the 1933 general assembly,
and is intended for transition to
members of the legislature.
Embodied is the draft bill which
provides machinery for insurance
against idleness in the immediate
future. Excluded from benefits of
the measure are: agricultural work
ers, domestic servants, casual em
ployes, state and federal govern
ment workers, employes of educa
tional, medical, religious or charit
able institutions not operated for
To eligible workers unable to
find employment the bill would
pay JO per cent of the average
wage, not to exceed $20 per week
for not more than 17 weeks in any
12-month period, with cumulative
benefits of one additional week for
each 26 weeks during the preced
ing five years, after adoption of the
plan, during which no benefits have
been received.
Funds for payment of unemploy
nent benefits would be derived from
payments of 3 per cent of pay rolls
by employers and 1 per cent of
wages of insured employes. After
three years it is planned to arrange
contributions of employe* from
11-2 per cent to 3 1-2 per cent of
total pay rolls.
If adopted the insurance plan
would be administered by the state
department of labor. The bill pro
vides for investigation of individual
cases and sets out that its machinery
shall automatically be changed to
conform to any federal legislation
on unemployment enacted by Con
The report contains results of ex
haustive studies of unemployment
conditions in North Carolina and
estimates the number of competent
unemployed in this state at between
90,000 and 100,000 persons at the
present time. The survey runs
from 1920 to 1934 and sets forth
a number of causes of unemplomenr
and the opinion of the commission
that the problems of idleness re
main even when "prosperity re
Industrial unemployment reached
a peak of about 27 per cent in 1932
and had receded to about 9 per
cent in 1934, the commission
It states that the burden of un
employment has been borne in the
past by the "doctor, dentist, the
corner grocer,” and "social-mind
ed employers” who have done much
to "mitigate the severity of the sit
"Champion Liar”
SEATTLE . . . This state is
mighty proud of Vern Osborn
(above), recently declared the
“champion liar of the U. S. for
1934.” Osborn is from Centralia.
He has a jack-rabbit hunting muie.
In the heat of a chase one day the.
rabbit jumped over a 1000-foot cliff
the mule and Osborn following. 10
feet from the ground, Osborn hol
lered “whoa” and the mule stopped,
Osborn got off and picked up the
Rowan County
Farm Census
Following is a list of Farm Cen
us Enumerators for Rowan Coun
Wm. R. Current, District No.
I, Cleveland arid Scotch Irish
District No.
Henry. E. Miller, District No. 3
Mt. Ulla township and part of
Atwell township.
Clarence H. Hall, District No.
4, part of Atwell township.
Carl S. McKnigha, District No.
5, China Grove township.
Luther M. Safriet, District No.
6, Locke township.
Marvin Lentz, District No. 7,
Franklin township.
John H. Barringer, District No.
8, Providence and Salisbury town
Loren L. Goodman, District No.
9, Litaker township.
Clinton R. Fisher, District No.
10, part of Gold Hill and Morgan
townships. __
James R. Russell, District No.
II, Part of Gold Hill and Provi
dence townships.
James C. Morgan, District No.
12, part of Morgan township.
State ERA Has Total Of
191 Mishaps; One Fatal
Winston-Salem, E. G. Padgett,
state safety director for the emerg
ency relief administration, reported
that for the period from April 1 to
December 27 last year the North
Carolina ERA had a total of 191
accidents. There was only one
The accidents occured with an
xposure of 12,570,665 man hours.
The safety department, he re
ported, inspected 624 work pro
jects, 268 buildings used by the
ERA and made monthly inspections
jf transient centers, camps and
Rowan Has Lost Value
Of 82,082 Acres Land
Rowan county has lost the value
of 82,082 acres, or 24.85 per cent
of its total area because af aggra
vated erosion, according to the Soil
Erosion Service of the United States
Department of the Interior.
Of the 330,240 acres which
comprise the county there are 32,
550 acres already abandoned due
primarily to severe erosion, the re
port shows. Also, there are 73,684
acres having 25 to 75 per cent of
the topsoil gone.
The government has found that
the county contains 15 6,169 acres
of forest, and that there are 106,-:
447 acres under cultivation, 19,
524 acres of idle tillable land and
15,550 acres of open pastureland
in addition to the thirty-two thou
sand odd acres of abandoned land.
The section of the county most
seriously damaged by erosion is the
northern third.
The report is the result of an
erosion survey made of the entire
state under the direction of W.
D. Lee and W. W. Stevens, soil
specialists of the North Carolina
area of the Soil Erosion Service, to
determine the general land condi
tion in North Carolina. Regional
headquarters of the Soil Erosion
Service is in High Point.

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