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The Carolina Watchman |mx
._A NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE UPBUILDING O ROWAN COUNTY
FOUNDED 1832-103RD YEAR SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH IS, 193 5 “ VOL. 103 NO. 33 PRICE 2 CENTS
Three Other Cases
Talk of Radical Bloc
The Supreme Court of the Unit
ed States is once more the center of
interest here, because of the highly
important cases which are either
now before it or on their swift
way to it. Upon the Supreme
Court’s decisions will depend the
fate of NR A and of so many of its
provisions, as well as some of the
other things which the Administra
tion has undertaken, that there is a
decided tendency both in Congress
and in the Executive branch of the
Federal Government to mark time
until the Court has acted. A large
part of Mr. Roosevelt’s New Deal
is, in effect, on trial.
The case which the Supreme
Court now has under consideration
is that of a southern lumber com
pany which refused to recognize
NRA or any part of it, and set up
as its defense that the National In
dustrial Recovery Act was uncon
stitutional. The Federal District
Court held that the lumber com
pany was right, and the Govern
A decision in this case is expected
in the course of a few weeks. It
may or it may not settle all of the
questions which are raised in the
, three other important cases which
have been decided against the Gov
ernment in the past couple of weeks,
by iower Federal courts.
One of those is the Kentucky
coal-mine case, in which the mine
owners denied the right of the Fed
eral Government to regulate the
\ wage scale or the hours of labor.
The District court ruled in favor
of the mine-owners.
Another is the decision in the
Weirton Steel Company case that
the Government has no power to
regulate manufacturing, under the
interstate commerce clause of the
Constitution. The Administration’s
contention is that anything which
is manufactured comes under Fed
eral jurisdiction if it is to be sold
across state lines. The district
rulorl that- "rnmmprrp” does
not include manufacturing; it also
ruled that the famous "7a” section
of NRA, the collective bargaining
! clause, had not been violated by the
establishment of a company union
in the Weirton steel plant.
The third case which is being ap
'— pealed by the Government is of
even broader scope. It is the ruling
of Judge Grubb in the Federal Dis
trict Court of Alabama that the
Tennessee Valley Authority, nor
any other arm of the Federal Gov
ernment, has no right to compete
with private business. The TVA
has been busy making contracts to
sell power from the Government
dams on the Tennessee River, in
several states. Judge Grubb ruled
that it had no right to build dams
except to improve navigation, and
could generate power only as an in
cident to that right. This ruling,
if upheld by the Supreme Court,
would put an end to President
Roosevelt’s "yardstick” plan, of
making the cost of power generated
by the TVA a measure by which to
control electric rates everywhere.
Lawyers here who usually guess
pretty closely how the Supreme
Court will decide think that its de
cisions in these cases will put a
pretty tight curb on NRA and
TVA. There is a decidedly jittery
feeling apparent in Administration j
circles .especially among the ardent'
young reformers who have had a
hand in shaping these projects and
- "selling” them to the nation.
Some of the young men are com
plaining bitterly that the President
has let them down, by not putting
all of his influence behind their en
The fact seems to be that Mr.
Roosevelt is trying to consolidate
his position for the Presidential
election of 1936, and to regain some
of the ground he lost by reason of
giving the social reformers and
radicals too much leeway. He is
much more concerned with econo
mic recovery than with social re
form, just now; for it is becoming
increasingly clear that it is to the
conservatives and the liberal-con
servatives that he must look for his
main support in 1936.
The radical elements in Congress
are also trying to consolidate their
' position. There is talk about a
"radical bloc,” but that doesn’t
mean much, as there are so many
types of radicals, not two of whom
(Continued on page four)
Is Shown By
Survey Cities Progress
Since Bank Holiday
Two Years Ago
Loans Are Also On The
The increasing business activity
in Salisbury this week presents a
striking contrast to the standstill
which depressed this city exactly
two years ago, when the communi
ty was without banking facilities
as a result of the crisis which
brought on the nation-wide bank
me past weeK was remarKaDie
for business with local banks, the
increase to individual bank ac
counts ran up to totals not equall
ed since the early days of 1930.
While comparative figures were
not available yesterday, this city’s
leading bankers said Salisbury nev
er before had an aggregate of de
posits equal to the present total,
and it was pointed out that th'
total is continuing to
steadily. The total of ci
loans outstanding here j
the former peak
[signs of mount'
j' \ Salisbury we
holidays with I
out of the tr
with three. Now'
three banks which surVjveci
holidays and the aggregate of
I posits for these three banks is
greater than has been recorded for
the banks of this city at any form
Five candidates have entered the
race for city council on the Dem
ocratic ticket, with the primary
scheduled for April 29 and the
election May 7. The candidates are
as follows: U. Ray Miller, W. H.
Hardin, Jr., H. E. Withers, Paul
W. Whitlock and Walter Carter.
The city council of Salisbury on
Monday, after hearing evidence sus
pended indefinitely Patrolman
Frank Talbert from the police force
for seriously wounding John Rush
er, a negro, in what Chief Rankin
termed an unfortunate affair early
Rusher’s leg was broken by a bul
let from the officer’s pistol which
was fired as the two are said to have
scuffled for the gun after the of
ficer had stopped Rusher as he was
going to work.
AAA Report Includes All
Payments Since Adjust
ment Programs Began
13 Million Paid To State
A total of $149,060.17 in rental
and benefit payments had been dis
tributed up to February 1, 193$,
to Rowan County farmers who
have been co-operating in the crop
adjustment programs, according to
a report just issued by Dean I. O.
Schaub of North Carolina State
The sum of $13,804,400.82 had
been paid^ to farmers in the state.
The sum, based on the latest tab
ulation of AAA payments, includes
all the money that has been dis
bursed in North Carolina since the
adjustment programs were started,
the dean said, but do not include
all the payments due on the 1934
program, since some of the pay
ments have not been completed.
During the month of January,
payments made in this state a
mounted to $662,421.84, Dean
Schaub added. These payments
were divided as follows Cotton
growers $605,069.76, corn-hog
producers $42,5 51.36, tobacco
growers $11,910.26, wheat growers
The total payments received up
to January 31 were: Cotton grow
ers $7,695,672.92, tobacco growers
$5,669,965.28, corn-hog producers
$365,676.37, and wheat growers
TWO BOYS SHOT WITH ONE
Hickory.—Pink and Lewis Reep,
youths of Hickory Route 1, were
shot through their right legs Mon
day afternoon in a very unusual ac
One of the youths was said to
have been examining a .32 calibre
pistol when it was discharged ac
cidentally. The bullet entered the
right leg of one boy and lodged in
the right leg of his brother.
An x-ray examination revealed
the bullet had been stopped by the
bone of the leg below the knee.
GIRL OF 20 RESTORED TO
Araxe Torosian has joined her
parents at Newburyport, Mass.,
after spending the past 19 years of
her life in a Syrian orphanage. In
an American massacre, the babe
was snatched from the arms of her
mother who thought the child was
killed. In America, the parents
and long-lost child are now try
ing to get acquainted with each
MAIL CLERK ARRESTED
Henry W. Duke well known
railroad postal clerk running be
tween Washington and Charlotte,
was arrested in Charlotte Saturday
morning under charges of robbing
the mails and passing counterfeit
money. He had been a trusted
employe in the mail service for 21
years. He is 4 5 years of age and
the secret service official alleges
that Duke has confessed to having
tampered with the mails.
BODY OF BOOKKEEPER RE
COVERED FROM RIVER
Smithfield.—The body of Paul
Eason, bookkeeper for a local tobac
co warehouse, was recovered late
Sunday afternoon from the waters
of Neuse river into which he was
said by officers to have plunged
Vice-President Babe Ruth of the Braves
BOSTON . . . “Bobo” Ruth (left), got a new baseball thrill whe^B||8|
signed a 3 year contract with Judge Emil Fuchs, whereby he bec^Kjjijj
Vice-President and Assistant-Manager of the Boston (N. L.) Braves. Br^RIS
fans greeted the Babe by the thousands in welcoming him back
;own where he started his major league career 21 years ago.
Pre-School Clinics Wm
Be Conducted In City
And County Starts 27th
Pre-school clinics for Salisbury
and Rowan County which will be
conducted by Dr. C. W. Arm
strong, county health officer and
Mrs. Louise K. McDaniel, county
nurse, will begin March 27 with
clinics at seventeen schools.
The schedule is as follows:
March 27, 10:00 A. M., Granite
March 29, 10:00 A. M. Rock
April 1, 10:00 A. M., Cleveland.
April 2, 10:00 A. M., Mt. Ulla.
April 3, 10:00 A. M. .China
April 5, 10:00 A. M., Kannapolis
(Woodrow Wilson School)
April 8, 9:30 A. M., Frank B.
April 9, 9:30 A. M., bnnes St.
April 10, 9:30 A. M. Wiley
April 12, 9:30 A. M., Hender
April 16, 9:30 A. M., E. Spencer
April 16, 2:00 P. M., R. G.
April 17, 10:00 A. M., Duke
April 17, 1:30 P. M., Woodleaf;
April 19, 10:00 A. M., Yadkin;
April 19, 1:30 P. M., Faith.
Spring is the season of the year
to prepare against the ravages of
diphtheria in the fall, and winter it
was declared at the health office
in making the announcement of the
pre-school clinics, at which time
the anti-diphtheria serum is admin
It was also explained that it
requires several months to acquire
immunization and it is thus nec
essary to give the serum in the
spring in order to obtain protec
tion in the fall and winter, when
diphtheria is more prevalent. The
serum is given to children between
the ages of si* months and six
years of age.
Children who will enter school
in the county next fall will be ex
amined at these clincis, where it is
expected that defects will be lo
cated so that these may be remed
ied before they enter school. In
addition, vaccination against
smallpox will be given. The ex
aminations and vaccination will be
given without costs to the parents,
who are urged to enroll their chil
dren and have them in first class
physical condition for the open
ing of school in* the fall.
N. C. DELEGATION VOTES
FOR 'PINK SLIP’ REPEAL
Washington.—The North Caro
lina delegation in the house voted ]
as a unit to repeal what is known as
the "pink slip” provision, or section
5 5-A of the revenue law of 1934.
rHE COLLEGE BOY
Mary: "Bill made a forward pass
Ruth: "I told you that you’d
have to watch those college boys,
ALL IN GOOD TIME
"Would you like this parcel sent
C. O. D., sir?” the salesman asked.
"What’s that mean?” inquired
the customer. " ,
"Cash on delivery, sir.”
"H’mm! Well, that’s no good.
Send it Y. M. C. A.”
"What does that mean, sir?’
"You might collect in April,”
was the reply.
Letter from college son to father: I
need an encyclopedia for school
Answer: Izzatso? You can walk,
just like I did.
Bachelor: "So you are married,
Benedict: "Yes; been married for
nearly six months.”
Bachelor: "Got your wife pretty
11 • 1 1 _ J.V _ T _
well LlAMiV'A buiiv, a
Benedict: "That’s what. I’ve got
her so I can make her do anything
she wants to do.”
HfE FIRST GARDEN
The red-headed wojman orator
mounted a box, looked over the
sea of faces and inquired: "Where
svould man be today if it were not
"In the Garden of Eden”, piped
up a male voice from the rear of
Hubby—This cake tastes queer,
Iarling. How did you make it?
Wifey—I made it from a recipe
[ cut out of the paper once. Here
t is. Read it.
Hubby—-Urn—this is a recipe
for cleaning straw hats.
Teacher—Tommy, can' you spell
Teacher—Correct. Now tell me
vhat fur is?
Tommy—Fur is on awful long
?ranees: Do you think we can
squeeze in that little car?
[unie: Why not wait until we get
Tax Listing To Begin
In County April First
County Commissioner, in regular
session Monday named the Tax list-!
ng personal for Rowan County’s
innual listing period which begins
j. E. ("Pat”) Haynes, County
Auditor and Treasurer was named
is Supervis e of tax listing and the
following men in each Township
svere named to handle listing the
Atwell—C. C. Deal
China Grove, A. V. Sloop and
H. E. Goodman
Cleveland, G. M. Harper.
Franklin, William Shupping.
Gold Hill, L. L. Fesperman.
Litaker, W. Pat Sloop.
Lccke, R. L. Roseman.
Morgan, Jarvey Morgan.
Mt. Ulla, J. L .Cowan.
Providence, J. B.' Cornelison.
Scotch Irish, H. Clay Steele.
Steele, R. L. Steele.
Unity, G. C. Evans.
E. Spencer, J. M. Loflin.
Salisbury, David Beaver, J. M.
Davis, E. B. Taylor, and E. Clyde
Mr. Haynes will call a meeting
with all the above named listers
early next week at which time de
finite instructions will be given
concerning the work.
Says Reasons For Trade
Divided Into 3 Categories
red by Con
Dough ton in
the House this -week is planned by
Democratic leaders in the near fu
ture. Political leaders declare it to
be the best on the subject delivered
In the House in many years.
Summing up the situation, Mr.
Doughton asserted: "It is a com
mon impression that the United
states produces n*a*iy everything
that it requires and is thus very
largely self-sufficient. Those op
posed to the reciprocal tariff act
ire making much of this point.
They are going to considerable pains
ro stress the self-containment doc
trine—a defensive alibi for legisla
tion the Republicans sponsored
which has almost destroyed Ameri
can foreign trade. They take the
position that we have largely lost
aur export trade and that it was
never important—not worth the
attempt to regain through any me
thod of tariff bargaining.
"The fallacy of this doctrine is
obvious to anyone who is capable
of analyzing it. Those who take
this position of self-sufficiency do
not understand the fundamentals
af trade between different regions,
areas, sections, States, or nations.
These bases of trade are the factors
underlying the law of comparative
costs—an economic law which the
reciprocal tariff act takes into con
sideration, a law which the Republi
cans either cannot or will not un
These elemental reasons for trade
may be roughly divided into the
three following categories:
1. Differences in racial charact
_ . . - . » « >11
z. .L/iiierences in inuustnai ucvc
3. Differences in natural resour
Continuing, Mr. Doughton stat
"In 1929, for example, nearly 5 5
percent of our cotton, more than
40 percent of our tobacco, 33 per
cent of our lard, and about 18 per
cent of our wheat were exported.
These relatively large percentages
are not limited to agricultural pro
ducts. More than 40 percent of the
typewriters, 29 percent of the
printing machinery, 28 percent of
the sewing machines, 23 percent of
the agricultural machinery, 21 per
cent of the locomotives, and 14
percent of the passenger automo
biles were sent abroad in the same
"The export figures do not tell
the whole story about the interre
lation of industries. For example,
the conditions of the automobile in
dustry are reflected in a number of
sther industries whose materials it
purchases in large quantities. This
industry consumes in its produc
tion, to mention only a few, 19
percent of the steel of the United
states, and has largely accounted
For the recent activity of that in
dustry. The automobile industry
ases about 68 percent of the alloy
(<Continued on page five)
This is National First Aid Week.
All the citizens of Salisbury and
Rowan county are urged to recog
nize and to participate in its ob
servance this week.
- Th* import*^** «£ being prepar
ed to render fine aid to the injured
is being increasingly recognized and
is attested to by striking, tangible
results in the reduction of fatalities
and serious complications in indus
trial organizations and elsewhere
where men and women have been
instructed and equipped to meet
emergencies of this nature.
Precention of accidents should be
given constant emphasis, but, after
every reasonable precaution has been
taken, accidents will still happen.
Often what is apparently a very
minor accident will prove the most
serious, because of infection or other
complications. Instructions given
men in the army and navy during
the late war regarding the us* uf
their first-aid packets and shell
dressings are excellent in peace times
for every cut, scratch, tear, blister,
burn, or abrasion that makes a break
in the skin, thru which dangerous
germs may gain access to the body.
Statistics show that the majority of
all serious accidents occur in the
home. Figures on the annual total of
automobile accidents are appalling.
Knowledge of what to do and what
not to do, coupled with the ready
availability of necessary supplies and
the courage to act could save many
lives which are lost daily.
Physicians can easily instruct the
laymen in the rudiments and limita
tion of first aid. The essential mater
ials are few and easy to carry.
Dr. Frank Howard Richardson,
fellow of the American college of
(Continued on page five)
Early Vote On
The Bonus Bill
Washington.—Anxious to expe
dite action on the long delayed ad
minstration’s $4,880,000 relief bill,
Democratic leaders assured the
senate of an early vote on the
The measure’s backers plan to
put the issue of the cash payment
directly up to President Roosevelt,
who disapproves of the legislation.
Whether congress will sustain a
possible veto is a subject of con
jecture on Capitol Hill.
The house is almost certain to
vote favorably on the bonus this
week , and senate backers, who had
planned to try to tack it onto the
relief bill, were informed they
would be given an opportunity for
an early vote on the issue.
White House Chief
WASHINGTON ... Above is CoL
Edward W. Starling, now chief of
the White House Secret Service. He
was assistant-chief to Richard Jervis
who, after 20 years, was transferred
to a field post at his own request. !