North Carolina Newspapers

    The Carolina Watchman
State Relief Situation
Pensions and the NRA
Taking Federal relief out of the
hands of state agencies entirely,
may be on the cards. The Admin
istration’s charges qf corruption
and dishonesty in the handling of
relief funds in Ohio may be an
opening gun in a move to force
the states to do something more for
their own unemployed.
Then, again it may be politics.
Ohio is a pivotal state. The Fed
eral Government has taken relief
administration in Ohio into its own
hands. Shrewd political observers
here remark that liberal dstribu
tions for which the Federal admin
istration can take direct and full
credit will go farther in keeping
voters in line for 1936 than relief
administration by state officials un
der conditions which lay the local
party organizations open to attack
by the Republicans.
Jt is not putting it much too
strongly to say that everything that
is being done in Washington this
year is done with an eye on the
1936 elections. Members of both
houses of Congress, who believe
they have their ears closer to the
ground than the President can pos
sibly have, are showing signs of im
patience with the "reform” phases
of the Administration’s program,
and balking at measures which they
believe will retard economic re
covery, or increase the opposition
of business men to the party’s
Therefore a pretty definite poli
cy of delay on important legislation
seems to be shaping up, with the
expectation that numerous bills de
sired by the President will be left
over when adjournment comes. At
the same time some of the Presi
dent’s warmest friends are counsel
ling modification of some Adminis
tration measures.
Congresswoman Isabella Green
way of Arizonia, who was, inciden
tally, one of Mrs. Roosevelt’s brides
maids at the wedding 30 years ago
this Saint Patrick’s day just past,
has lined up a strong opposition to
the passage of the socalled "social
security” bill, which all agree is a
confused jumble of unrelated
things. Mrs. Greenway’s plan is to
enact an old-age pension bill apply
ing only to the indigent aged who
are now on relief, or who may find
themselves without support in the
future, and let it go at that.
The Senate committee investiea
tion of the working of NRA is the
genuine thing, and not merely a
perfunctory compliance with the
President’s desire to have that
measure extended for two years
more. The attitude of Senators is
decidedly hostile. The betting here
is that the law will be so amended
as to exclude all but inter-state
business from its provisions, con
tinuing NRA for one year with
maximum hours, minimum wages
and collective bargaining provisions
as they are now, for such remaining
industries as it applies to, but with
definite prohibition of price fixing
or production control.
Similarily, there seems to be lit
tle chance that the drastic demoli
tion of holding companies, asked
by the President, will be authorized
by Congress. Some regulatory and
restrictive measure is expected, but
nothing to cause honest business
any alarm. Likewise in the case of
the Administration plan to revise
the Federal Reserve law and con
centrate control of all banks and
banking in the Treasury, the out
look is not good for any such
sweeping program.
Assembly To
Wind Up Work
Inside 3 Weeks
Both Homes Resume
Study Of Financial
Final adjournment of the General
Assembly in two or three weeks
was forecast over the week-end by
Rowan County legislators.
The revenue and appropriation
bills were still to be adopted but it
was hoped they would soon be out
of the way.
Quite a number other bills of
state-wide caliber, but of lesser im
portance, remain unconsidered and
Many other bills of importance
to local committie are being ground
out daily.
Music Contest
Winners Given
Annual State Competi
tion Of Music Clubs
Federation Held At
The annual state contest of the
>tate Federation of Music Clubs
ivas held at Catawba college with a
arge number of entries.
The college served luncheon at
noon to the contestants and offi
cials. Mrs. Eugene Davis of States
ville, president of the State Federa
:ion, was general chairman of the
Winners in various events were:
Violin—Class C, Mary D. Mamer,
Hickory; Class B, Ann Carolyn
Vhite, Wilmington; Class D, Gar-'
and Robeson, Greensboro; Class D
idvanced, Deborah Reubin, Ashe
ville; Class B ensemble, Pearl Lindy
iykes, Gertrude Gaines, Mary Eli
zabeth Powers, Marty Cockfield,
Catherine Snead.
Violin quartet—Deborah Reu
>in, Alice Booe, Margaret Spire,
diaries Lee.
Clarinet, Class A, Stanley Fitch
1, Winston-Salem; Class B, Curtis
braver, Jr., Winston-Salem.
Pjano—Class A, Emily Fibre,
Winston-Salem; Class B, Eleanor
leid, Wake Forest; Class C, Mar
ha Carpenter, Gastonia; Class D,
dary Virginia Council, Raleigh;
ilass E, Helen Barley, Elon Col
ege; Class E advanced, Elizabeth
dendenhall, Winston-Salem.
Voice—Grammar grade, Helen
iwaltney, Winston-Salem; soprano,
ivelyn Eddleman, Winston-Salem,
>aritone, Ted Bodenheimer, Win
ton-Salem; contralto, Mildred Sel
irs, Winston-Salem.
Piano duo—Class A, Emily Hine
nd Evelyn Whitlock, Winston
alem; Class C, Martha Carpenter
nd Mary Lou Mackie, Gastonia;
Uass D, Mary Virginia Council
nd Peggy Royster Jones.
Hymn playing, Class C., Anne
Lainey, Winston-Salem; Class D,
l^illeford Hahn.
1 Heiress Through With Pfince I
I i i ii ii ..hum ..wwmi— 'ihmihhhiiiiiiwuiiiiiw
NEW YOEK . , . The dime-store heiress, the former Barbara Hutton
of the Woolworth millions, is through with her husband, the Georgian
Prince, Alexis Mdivani. At least so she said while making ready to sail
alone from London for New York to ask divorce. They were married two
years ago. ... She says they are parting 4 4 the best of friends ’ ’ and that
not' a penny will be settled on the Prince. Photo shows Prince and
Barbara shortly after their marriage.
_ I
Richmond.—Operations of the
Southern Railway machine shops in
South Richmond will be greatly
curtailed April 1 when approxi
mately 60 per cent of some 100 or
more employes and part of the
equipment are transferred to Spenc
er, N. C. -9
Employes engaged in making
heavy repairs at the machine shops
will be principally affected by the
move, it was stated. Workers em
ployed in the moulding shop where
castings and other mouldings are
made for the entire system wdl re
main at their jobs here.
Consolidation with the shops at
Spencer is said to be in accordance
with an economy program adopted
by the Southern and other railroads
which are making general reductions
in expenses of combining units
wherever it is possible.
Rowan Woman
Physician Goes
To Mission Field
Dr. Gladys Morgan of Salisbury
was commissioned as a medical mis
sionary to India on Sunday, March
31, at St. John’s Lutheran church
in Salisbury at the 11 o’clock ser
Dr. Morgan has had extensive
training for her line of medical
work. She is an A. B. graduate of
Lenoir Rhyne college at Hickory,
has her M. A. from the University
of North Carolina; has an M. D.
from the Woman’s Medical college
of Philadelphia; and has her license
from the National Board of Medi
cal Examiners to practice medicine.
After finishing her internship in
Philadelphia, she spent a year in
post graduate work in research in
the University of Geneva in Eu
She plans to sail from New York
on S. S. Washington on April 10.
Winning Coiffure
NEW YORK . . . Helen Wolfe
(above), wag awarded a silver eup
for the best coiffure for 1935 at
the national convention of beauti
cians. It is known as the Grecian
coiffure and will be much in evi
dence this season.
- I
A number of nationally promin
ent leaders of the United Textile
Workers of America will address
the North Carolina U. T. W. con
vention at Durham April 6-7, it is
announced by W. W. Bibham, of
this city, state secretary.
Francis J. Gorman of Washington
first vice president; John Peel of
Greenville, S. C., third vice presi
dent; R. R. Lawrence of Winston
Salem, president of the North Caro
line Federation of Labor; George
Googe of Atlanta, the southern
representative of the A. F. of L.,
will be among the leading speakers
at the convention, Mr. Bigham
Paul R. Christopher of Shelby is
president of the state organization.
Rowan County
Is Selected For
Cotton Project
Rowan county has been selected
as one of the four locations in the
United States for a special cotton
station which will be a joint pro
ject of the Cotton Textile institute,
the U. S. department of Agricul
ture and the N. C. Experiment
station, was announced by W. G.
Yeager, county agent.
The object of the station will
be to study the various growths in
this section and finally eliminate
those undersirable.
Watchman To Help
Advertise Carolinas
Joining with scores of other
Carolina newspapers the Carolina
Watchman will shortly inaugurate
a series of advertisements prepared
by The Carolinas, Inc., with a view
of arousing Carolinians to a greater
knowledge and appreciation of their
states and stimulate development
of means of carrying the Carolina
message to the world.
Present plans contemplate
launching the campaign with a full
page advertisement to be followed
by quarter-page ads at intervals of
one week. This space will be con
tributed by this newspaper in fur
therance of the aims of The Caro
linas, Inc., a non-profit, non-pro
motional group of citizens of North
and South Carolina interested in
advertising the scenic, historical, re
creational, agricultural and econo
mic advantage of the Carolinas.
Plans for the program in Caro
lina newspapers were outlined to
the North Carolina Press association
last summer and at its most recent
meeting andi the movjement has
the wholehearted endorsement of
D. Hiden Ramsey, of Asheville, pre
sident, and the Press Association,
Nearly three-fourths of the appro
ximately two hundred daily and
weekly newspapers in North Caro
lina have agreed to participate in
the program.
The Carolinas, Inc., was formed
last spring. J. E. W. Wade, Com
missioner of Public works, of Wil
Arlington, is President of the organ
ization which is officered and dir
ected by outstanding Carolinians
who serve without pay. At a re
cent meeting in Charlotte the board
of directors mapped out a far reach
ing program. Included in its num
erous recommendations was en
thusiastic endorsement of plans for
the federal government to develo'p
large recreational parks and turn
them over to the state, provided
adequate acreage is made available,
and state planning boards were
urged to use PWA funds in deve
loping smaller wayside parks where
motorists may break their journeys
for rest or food.
Census report shows that there
were 12,208 bales of cotton ginned
in Rowan County from the crop
of 1934 as compared with 12,5 50
bales ginned from the crop of 1933.
Raleigh.—A total of 17,045
North Carolina peanut growers in
29 counties have signed crop ad
justment contracts for 1935 and
the papers have been forwarded to
Washington for approval by the
agricultural adjustment administra
tion. The contracts cover 813,300
N. C. Loses In
Tax Exchange
State Received Only $1.66
In Federal Relief For
Each $9.74 Paid U. S.
Washington, — North Carolina
paid $9.74 of each $100 of taxes
collected by the United States gov
ernment last year, receiving in re
turn but $1.66 of each $100 of
federal funds expended for unem
ployment relief, according to treas
ury department figures.
Her income tax payments totaled
$12,957,991, or 1.59 per cent of
the amount collected, and her total
internal revenue payments amount
ed to $260,405,991.48.
Against this, $30,333,045.12 was
returned from Washington for aid
work, although North Carolina
was one of 11 states whose relief
work was carried on more'than 90
per cent with federal funds.
This disparity that exists in fed
eral receipts from, and disburse
ments to, states is strikingly illus
trated, on the other hand, in the
case of Mississippi which paid eight
cents of each $100 federal revenue,
hilt- liar! r#»fnrrw»r1 tr\ If tl nf
each $100 of federal relief expendi
tures. This figure is below that
received by North Carolina, but
her payments to the federal coffer
were much, much lower.
The 1934 relief bill in North
Carolina was $23,372,926, of which
$22,168,305, or 94.8 was federal
funds and the remainder, $1,204,
621, or 5.2 per cent, was raised lo
cally. No state funds were used.
Record Broken
In Tax Receipts
Raleigh.—A total of $2,f>54,
038.50 was paid into the state’s
treasury Saturday, breaking an all
time record for one day’s collection
of taxes, George C. Scott, director
of the division of accounts of the
State Department of Revenue, an
Of the total, $2,460,412.44 re
presented income tax payments.
Sales tax collectoions totalled $86,
13 5.67 and license and inheritance
taxes $18,516.
Figures indicate that income tax
collections this year will run about
25 per cent above those a year
ago. In contract with the Satur
day collections, the state obtained
$1,300,000 on the corresponding
day of 1934.
| Expect "Mystery Plane” toFind Hawaii
-=:.^- - . 7i
OAKLAND, Calif. . . . Interest in the Army “mystery plane" 'be
eame intense as prolonged test flights of the radio compass robot-controlled
craft indicated a 2400 mile hop to Hawaii might soon be made. Photos
above show the Department of Commerce chiefs in charge of the tests.
They axe, left to right/ Eugene Vidal, Clayton Bissell, Chester Snow
Capt. Alfred Hegenberger. Below, the “mystery plane."
Revenue Measure
Containing Full
Sales Tax Passed
Raleigh.—The $62,000,000 bien
nial revenue bill, containing the
three per cent exemptionless sales
tax, was passed by the house and
sent to the senate.
Final house action, by a vote of
78 for and 26 against, not includ
ing four pairs, marked a complete
victory for the Ehringhaus admin
istration and an equally complete
rout of the McDonald-Lumpkin
anti-sales tax forces in the lower
The money bill will go to the
senate. Lieutenant Governor A. H.
Graham said he would refer it im
mediately to the senate finance
committee, where it is scheduled to
be held for two days to allow hear
ings on sections changed in the
Senate leaders expect a further
fight to lower the sales tax rate to
two per cent or continue present
exemptions of nine basic food arti
cles. These were the main issues
in the house.
Big Upswing Is
Reported In
—— i - i
Raleigh.—A gain of 240 per
cent in building operations in 10
North Carolina cities during Feb
ruary was shown in a report issued
by the State Department of Labor.
The estimated value of the build
ing planned, based on the permits,
is $645,354, the report showed.
The proportion of increase was i
largest in permits for residential '
structures, the total of $308,325
comparing with $47,100 for FeD
ruary, 1934, or a gain of about 550
per cent.
Raleigh led the state in increased
building activity as permits for
new structures and alterations to
talled $231,110, more than one
third of the total for the 19 cities.
Raleigh led in new residential
buildings planned with a total value
of $178,400.
Shelby led the state in permits
for additions and alterations with
a total of $53,300.
Charlotte led in contemplated
construction with $55,075. Char
lotte was second in total state con
struction with $123,511.
Durham, which led the state in
February of 1934 with a total of
$43,274, showed a gain to $68,
668, but placed third behind the
larger gains of Raleigh and Char
I Introduces the "Cleo” j1
MIAMI . . . Miss Maurine Kerns .
(above), introduced it to the beach
crowd. It is the new ‘*Cleopatra” 1
swim suit, a smart 1935 style which:
gets its Egyptian name from'the;,
patterned wikie. i '
; i
Planes Forbidden«
To Fly Over Paris1
.... —- <
Paris.—Airplanes now are for- "
bidden to fly over the city of Paris. <
The air ministry edict affects a
military as well as civil aircraft.
However, special permits will be 1
granted. 1
F. R. Wins Smashing
Relief Bill Victory
Washington.—The void to an al
nost complete administration vic
;ory on the battered $4,880,000,
500 relief bill was fashioned Tues
day by the house, and, as the path
opened, plans crystalized rapidly
for spending the huge fund.
Most active in the plan-shaping
was Harry L. Hopkins, the relief
administrator. Strang indications
appeared that he would have a
heavy hand in the new system,
jither as a member or chairman of
an administrative board composed
of others now prominent in the
alphabetical agencies.
The road-opening house, acting
at the request of the President,
meanwhile moved for either dele
tion or complete revision of Roose
velt-opposed amendments attached
to the bill by the senate. By a
crushing 263-to-108 vote it sub
dued a silver bloc attempt to force
acceptance of all amendments by
the other branch.
Thus the bill was sent to con
ference with the senate, with con
fines from bath sides gunning
particularly for the Thomas silver
inflation rider.
Almost simultaneously there was
activity in half a dozen different
quarters for throwing the big
spending machine into motion as
quickly as possible.

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