North Carolina Newspapers

    The Carolina Wak man “*
FOUNDED 1832-10,rd year SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 12, 19H ' VOL. 103 NO. 37 PR,rp , p «
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With the President off on a fish
ing trip, it’s a good time to gossip
about some of the other folk who
figure more or less in the political
picture; remembering, if you please,
•Jut nothing that goes on in Wash
ington is not political. There are
some very skillful politicians in the
Administration and in Congress.
There are also some very inept poli
Secretary Harold L. Ickes of the
Interior Department, PWA ad
minstrator, for example. Mr. Ickes
dosen’t know how to play politics.
He is disliked by Congress and re
garded as slightly dumb by some
leaders for taking too seriously the
avowed intent to spend public
money without political favortism.
Gossip has it that Ickes is being
"edged out.”
Madame Secretary Perkirts of the
Department of Labor went out to
the University of California the
other day, made a speech and got
an honorary degree, and a figura
tive slap in the face from a Cali
fornia woman who referred to her
as "a mere politician.” She came
back East and got into an argu
ment with Mrs. Elinor Herrick,
regional director of the National
Labor Relations Board, who said
publicly that women couldn’t get
important public offices except by
political pull. Madame Secretary
denied that hotly. Gossips say that
Edward F. McGrady, assistant sec
retary, is the real power in the
Labor Department.
Herbert Hoover, once President,
stood in line with Madame Secre
tary at the University of California.
Mr. Hoover gave some advice to the
Young Republicans of California
the other day, which got into print.
Immediately Washington, which
can see hidden political motives in
everything, jumped to the conclu-|
sion that Mr. Hoover was staging a
come-back in 1936. It took a
strongly worded denial of any such
ambition, issued in his behalf by an
unnamed friend, to quiet the talk.
* Harry L, Hopkins, Federal Em
ergency Relief Administrator, who
will be Number One man in spend
ing the works-relief money, is said
by his friends to be at heart a con
servative who hates the whole re
lief system, but does his job well,
without too much interference with
local politicians who want a finger
in the pie. His scheme for the new
spending is a sort of glorified CWA.
Rexford Guy Tugwell, Undersec
retary of Agriculture, has the Presi
dent’s left ear (Raymond Moley
still having access to the right one),
the gossips say. Tugwell will be in
charge of Federal purchases of land,
for anchoring down the topsoil in
the short-grass country, subsistence
homesteads, relief for tenant-farm
ers and the like. Those activities
will take him out of active work in
the Department of Agriculture.
Henry Wallace, Secretary of Ag
riculture, is becoming less of a lec
turer and pamphleteer and more of
an administrator. He’s running his
department and making a good job
of it, his friends claim.
Rear Admiral Christiart J. Peoples,
chief of the procurement division
of the Treasury, built a reputation
in the Navy as good administrator.
Secretary Morgenthau drafted him
for the Treasury, and he is expected
to control the book-keeping of the
works relief expenditures.
Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, the Presi
dent’s wife, has politicians and ad
ministrative officials guessing much
of the time. Nobody knows when
she will say something calculated to
upset carefully-laid plans. While
official Washington is not exactly
afraid of her, she makes every
body nervous.
Daniel C. Roper, Secretary of
Commerce, is losing ground with
business men and institutions whom
v fe„,dgpartment is suposed to serve.
Complaints "of "general inefficiency
in the department have been piling
up and Mr. Roper is frankly wor
ried. Some are predicting a change
in the Cabinet in a short time.
General Robert E. Wood, presi
dent of Sears-Roebuck, mail-order
house, who is expected to be the
chief adviser on , business methods
under the works-relief scheme, may
or may not take the job. If he does,
it will be because the President has
conceded his demand for complete
(continued on page 2)
President Is Eager
To Spend Huge
Work Fund To
End The Slump
Ups And Down > Shown
In Federal Reserve In
dex, However, Reflect
Net Gain For Industry
. New Deal reports reveal recovery
is lagging again and explain why
the Administration is so eager to
begin spending the $4,880,000,000
works-relief fund.
Business is in its third New Deal
slump. Three times since President
Roosevelt was inauguarted business
has moved to higher levels and slip
ped backward. The first improve
ment was the "1933 New Deal
boom.” That began in March and
collapsed in July.
mere ionowed about tour
months of declining business acti
vity ending in November, 1933. In
that month began a six months’ up
ward movement followed again by
four months of declining business.
That period of decline brought <
the New Deal to September, 1934,
when the Federal Reserve index of :
industrial production was down to
71. These ups and downs however,
reflected a net gain. The Federal
index for March, 1933, when
Roosevelt took office was 5 9, which
meant that the country’s industries
were producing only a little more
than half of their average output
for the period 1923-2S.
Last September the third period
of business improvement began. It
continued thru January when the
Federal Reserve index reached 91
per cent of 1923-2J average pro
duction. The high point of New
Deal recovery so far was during the
March-July flurry of 1933 when
:he index touched 100.
Baseball Field
Being Rebuilt
(From The Pioneer)
This spring it was decided upon
o improve the condition of the
Datawba baseball field in the inter -
:sts of both the college and the
:ity of Salisbury. In accordance
svith this decision, the city has
indertaken to grade the field and to
irect spectators’ stands. The grad
ng will be done so as to eliminate
the tendency of fair balls to be
knocked out into the rough lands
:o the south where it is almost im
aossible to field them. The entire
field will be "swung” around to
:he right from home plate, necessit
iting the grading of much of the
and towards the football field.
The stands are to be of all steel
instruction with, of course, wood
;n seats. The entire construction
and grading is estimated at twelve
hundred dollars, to be supplied by
the city. During the summer
months, the city leagues will then
use Catawba’s ball park for their
DUBHAM, N. C. . . . Mias Jano
Williams (above), of St. Paul, Mian.,
* senior at Duke University, baa been
elected 1935 May Queen to rule in
elaborate ceremonies here. Mar 4.
1 Introducing Three New Hair Dress Styles
I' ii mi hi—1>—h—iiiiiiiiiiiiii iiyiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiii'iiiiiiimii in i in i inn
NEW YORK .... At the official Spring show of N. Y. State beauticians
held here, the above three hair styles were approved for the summer season.
On the reft is Miss Sophia Moliner, with the “Streamline” style. Center,
Miss Elaine Stone, displays the “Champagne Bubble” curls. Right, Mine.
Humble, with the ‘ ‘ Cocktail Hour ’ ’ wave.
A Greater Salisbury
To the Editor,
The Carolina Watchman,
Salisbury, North Carolina,
Dear Sir:
I desire to congratulate your fine paper on its splendid editorial of
March 22 under the caption "A GREATER SALISBURY.” I think it
is the best I have ever seen on the subject.
Promoting the idea suggested in this editorial, I think it would
be a fine thing if the civic-minded citizens of Salisbury and Rowan
County were to get together in a huddle with the double objective of
When I speak of a GREATER SALISBURY, I invariably mean
a GREATER ROWAN, as the two go hand in hand, the terms being
used interchangeably..
It has often been said that Charlotte’s remarkable growth could
be attributed to three factors:
First: The civic-minded residents of that city.
Second: The newspapers of that City.
Third: Clarence Kuester, head of the Chamber of Commerce.
As a step in the right direction, I offer the following suggestions
for the consideration of the citizens of Salisbury and Rowan County:
1. A joint meeting of the City Council and the Board of County
Commissioners with a GREATER SALISBURY and a GREATER
ROWAN COUNTY as the double objective.
2. A joint meeting ox ttie e,ity council ana tne xxoara ox county
Commissioners with the Town Boards of Spencer, East Spencer, Granite {
Quarry, Rockwell, Gold Hill, China Grove, Landis, Cleveland, and the
civic-minded citizens of the other parts of the County.
3. A joint meeting of the directors of the Chamber of Commerce
and of the Salisbury-Spencer Merchants Association.
4. A joint meeting of the civic organizations of Salisbury—the
Civitan, the Rotary and the Kiwanis clubs.
5. A general get-together of the business and industrial leaders of
the City and County.
6. A general meeting of all groups, with the general objective of.
These groups could effect a GREATER SALISBURY AND A
GREATER ROWAN organization and select a leader.
Each and every member of each and every group should then
support the movement to the limit.
Another matter, more or less incidental, but importaxit neverthe
less, should be the selection of a new slogan or motto for our City.
There was a slogan selected years ago reading as follows: ’’Salisbury’s
the Place!” The place for what? A slogan should be chosen that says
something and means something and not just a vague, meaningless,
ineffective generality.
Yours for a greater City and County.
500,000 New Farms
Reported By Census
Half a million new farms were
estimated by Census Bureau offi
cials to have sprung up in the
United States in five years.
So far as there are any indica
tions in the preliminary returns
from the farm census, most offi
cials s*id they ' believed th|e in
crease attributable to persons who
went back to the country from
city jobs which vanished in the
depression. They did not think
the work of the farm program had
much to do with the rise.
The farm census is in the con
cluding stages in so far as the
gathering of statistics is concern
ed, but it will be months yet be
fore the tabulations are completed
and a rounded picture of the
trend is produced.
In 1930 the last general census
showed 6,300,000 forms in the
United States. When the present
count started, officials estimated
it would show 6,500,000. But
William L. Austin, the Director
of the Census, said:
"We now know from the re
turns that are in that the figure
is going higher than that. It will
show at least 300,000 more farms
than in 1930 and probably 500,
000 more.”
Professor Harmon was lecturing
on the rhinoceros. Seeing that some
of the class were allowing their
minds to wander, she said: "I must
beg you to give me your undivided
attention. It is absolutely impossible
for you to form a true idea of this
hideous animal unless you keep your
eyes on me.”
Applications For
Crop Loans Now
Being Received
Field Supervisor P. jA. Wallen
born of the Emergency Crop and
Feed Loan Office at Salisbury
states that applications for emer
gency crop loans and feed loans are
now being received by the local
County Loan Committee, with of
fices located on the 2nd floor of
the Court House.
In accordance with vthe Act of
Congress authorizing the loans, and
regulations issued by Governor W.
I. Myers of the Farm;Credit Ad
ministration, loans will be made
only to farmers who are unable to
obtain eleswhere seed, fertilizers,
supplies, feed or the necessary cred
it to purchase such items. Loans
will not be made to applicants who
can obtain credit in the amount
needed from any other source, in
cluding the production credit asso
Any farmer who has the neces
sary security should apply to the
production credit association first.
If the association is unable to make
him a loan in the amount needed
the farmer will receive a statement
to that effect and will be consid
ered eligible to apply for a loan
from the emergency fund.
The regulations provide that the
largest loan to one farmer this year
is $500 and the minimum $10, but
no loan may be made in an amount
greater than is actually needed to
rover the cash cost of purchasing
;eed, fertilizers, supplies, feed,etc.
Loans will be made for the purpose
if growing and harvesting crops,
’or summer following, for purchas
ng feed for livestock; but not for
;he purpose of purchasing livestock
>r machinery, or for the payment
pf debts or taxes.
Loans will be made only to ap
plicants who are cooperating with
the Production Control Program
)f the Agricultural Adjustment
As in the past, the security for
in emergency crop or feed loan will
:onsist of a first lien on the crop
inanced or on the livestock to be
:ed. A tenant must also give a
irst lien by getting the landowner
:o waive his cliam in favor of the
:rop lien; but the landowner is in
to way obligated for repayment of
ns tenant’s loan.
Checks in payment of approved
oans will be issued by the Regional
Emergency Crop and Feed Loan
Dffice at Memphis, Tenn.; and not
py the field supervisor or the loan
First Checks
On Crop Loans
In The Mails
The first of the 193 5 emergency
crop loan checks for North Caro
ina are being mailed out from the
regional office at Columbia, S. C.,
t was announced by-" Norman
Monaghan of the Emergency Crop
ind Feed Loan section of the Farm
Credit administration.
Farmers are to receive the first
oan checks within 10 days after
:he $60,0000,000 emergency crop
oan fund was 'appropriated by
Congress; and the field force in the
regional offices are equipped to
landle applications from every
cart of the country, Mr. Monaghan
The loans are being made to
farmers who are unable to obtain
credit from other sources, but only
in the amount that is need to
cover the cash cost of feed, fer
tilizers, supplies, feed, with the
limit of $500 as the maximum to
iny one farmer.
Loans will also be made for fol
lowing and for the production and
purchase of feed for livestock, but
not to buy livestock or machinery,
or for payment of taxes or debts.
Farmers eligible to borrow from
the emergency fund are being told
to apply to the county loan com
mittee which has been set up in
every county of the state. It is
expected that the entire fund will
be loaned during the next two
May Day Plans
Are Being Laid
(From The Pioneer}
The plans for Catawba’s annual
May Day are fast assuming con
crete form under the capable sup
ervision of Miss French, Miss Om
wake and Mrs. Foil. The final date
for the celebration has not been
definitely set, but tentative plans
include dates around May 3. This
year’s May Day will be entirely
different from all previous years,
the dances consisting mainly of tap
dances interspersed with a few
folk dances. The May Day page
ant is now being written and cost
umes are being planned.
The May Queen attendants, three
of which are elected from each
class, have been chosen. The results
of the election are as follows:
Senior attendants, Mary Ruth Ger
hardt, Ruth Schaeffer, and Gert
rude Laubach; Junior attendants,
Lilyan Miller, Jannette Finger, and
Hazel McSwain; Sophomore at
tendants, Sarah Ellen Krouse,
Frances Foil, and Maxine Smith;
Freshman attendants, Evelyn Greer,
Nell Dedmon, and Josephine Bark- (
ley. Miss Pierce has chosen as her
maids of honor Miss Hazel Connell (
ind Miss Janet Laros. (
A beer hoister who loves to guz
zle the amber suds was heard to re
mark the other day: "I hate to go
into a saloon these days, because
I’ve got to fall over so many wo
men in order to get a drink.”
Johnny: What is that, ma?
Mrs. Faust: Why, sonny, that is
a lighthouse.
Johnny: What’s it for, ma?
Mrs. Faust: To keep ships from
getting on the rocks.
Johnny: Why don’t you get one
for pa? He’s always on the rocks.
Joe is just crazy about me.
Well, don’t crow about it. He
was crazy before he ever met you.
She’s only the printer’s daughter,
but I like her type.
First Ghost: Where are you go
Second Ghost: On a haunting
Marion—“What’s the idea of the
Watsons taking French lessons?”
Tom Mac Nut—"They’ve adopt
ed a French baby and want to und
erstand what it says when it begins
to talk.”
George had been “hanging
around” for some time, and among
other trifling tokens had presented
Mildred with a book giving the
meaning of Christian names. She
sat turning the pages after he had
“William means good, I see,” she
remarked, "James means beloved,”
she blushed slightly. "I wonder
what George means.”
"I sincerely hope, my dear,” said
her father, tartly, "that George
means business.’
D. C. Tops U. S.
In Suicide Rate;
34 Per 100,000
The District of Columbia suicide
rate is higher than any State rate,
according to figures released by
the Bureau of Vital Statistics of
the Department of Commerce. At
the same time, it was revealed that
the suicide rate for the country as
a whole has gone down for the
first time since 1923.
Washington has a record of 34.1
suicides for every 100,000 of popu
lation in 1933, the latest year for
which figures were issued. The
Far Western group of States was
next in order—Nevada had 33.3
per 100,000; California had 28.8.
Mississippi had the lowest rate in
the country, 5.5 per 100,000.
The Southern States had the low
est rates shown. The figure for
Arkansas was 6.4; South Carolina,
6.7. It was pointed out that these
Southern States had large colored
populations, which always showed
lower suicide rates than white per
sons living in the same locality.
Compared with other cities,
Washington was fourth in the Na
tion. San Francisco had the highest
rate, with 39 per 100,000. Denver
was next with 37.9, then San Diego
with 36.9. Portland, Oreg., was
fifth, with 32.4.
The largest number of suicides
in any city was in New York, but
its comparative rate was only .3
higher than the average of 18.7 for
all cities over 10,000. The New
York total was 1,336, the lowest
number since 1929.
The rate for all the country was
13.9 in 1933. In 1929 it was 14;'
in 1930, 13.6‘ in 1931, 16.8; in
1932, 17.4. A comparison of the
city and total rates shows that the
urban rate is almost 2 per cent
higher than the average for the
country as a whole.
Bank Deposits
Up 3 Billions
Washington.—A three-billion
iollar increase in bank deposits in
:he last six months of 1934 was
lisclosed by officials of the Fed
:ral Deposit Insurance corporation.
The corporation gave no expla- 1
lation of the increase in deposits, '
aut persons familiar with banking '
md business trends contended it
was due largely to heavy govern
nent expenditures for mergency 1
Total bank deposits in the Uni
led States on December 31 were
aut at slightly less than $50,000,
300,000. The corporation reported
nsured deposits of $38,994,264,000
an that date in the 14,135 insured
aanks. Mortimer J. Fox, chief
statistician of the corporation,
estimated deposits of mutual sav
ings banks, not included in the re
port, amounted to $10,000,000,
000, while the 1,060 uninsured
banks had deposits of $506,000,
300, and private bank deposits
were estimated at about $400,000,
Ihis total ot 5^,yuu,z6-i,uuu
compared with a total of $46,
672,199,000 on June 30, last, for
ill banks, as reported by the com
ptroller of currency in his last an
lual report.
Insured bank deposits rose $1,
800,000,000, and inter-bank de
posits leaped $1,000,000,000.
"An important factor in these
increases was the year-end accum
ulation of checks deposited but not
yet collected,” said Leo T. Crow
ley, chairman of the corporation.
Total cash and funds due from
banks rose 20 per cent during that
period. Banks increased their hold
ings of government securities by
$1,400,000,000, or 14 per cent.
There was also an increase in
"other securities” held of $260,
000,000, or four per cent. As com
pared with the mid-year figure,
loans and discounts were reduced
by $600,000,000, a drop of four
per cent.
The statement showed stock pur
chases were made in $,400 of the
insured banks by the Reconstruc
tion Finance corporation. These
purchases amounted to $822,000,

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