North Carolina Newspapers

    The Car* »una Watchman |c“
1 ——-4-- -
Three livliest questions in Wash
1. What is the Supreme Court
going to do about the four New
Deal laws, upon the constitutional
ity of which they will shortly have
to pass?
2. How effective will the Amer
ican neutrality policy be in keep
• ing us out of trouble in the Eu
ropean war?
3. Can the potato control law
be enforced, and Jf so what will
be its political effect?
The first constitutional question
which the Supreme Court will pass
on in its glittering new white mar
ble temple of justice is on the
AAA. That is on the Court’s dock- .
et, a test case raised by a New ■
England cotton mill, challenging
the right of Congress to impose a
processing tax on cotton. The real
question is not the right to tax
but the right to allot the proceeds
of the tax to benefit payments to
the cotton growers, rather than !
turn the money into the Govern- i
ment’s general revenues. Washing- <
ton bettors are offering odds that i
the Court will throw the process- ]
ing tax out of the window.
The other three questions, on 1
which petitions for review are <
pending before the Court, concern >
the constitutionality of the' Bank
head cotton control law, the right 1
of the Federal Government to take <
property by condemnation pro- 1
ceedings for housing and slum- <
clearance programs, and the valid- 1
ity of the TVA’s plan for selling 1
electricity to municipalities.
Congress will meet again on 1
January 3, and in the intervening 1
three months it is expected that J
decisions will be handed down 1
which may give the Senators and ‘
Representatives a lot of work to
do. 1
with war between Italy and
Ethiopia now an actuality, Presi
dent Roosevelt has acted under the
neutrality resolution with two pro
clamations. One of these lists all
kinds of military supplies and I
equipment, which Americans are'
forbidden to supply to eftfier of
the belligerents The other is a sol
emn warning to all American citi
zens that if they travel on the
ships of either of the nations at
war or transact any business with!
those nations they do so at their
own risk and our Government will
not concern itself if anything hap
pens to them. Since Ethiopia has
no ships, this merely means that
Americans are warned against
traveling on Italian ships.
If the war involves no other na
tions it is quite possible nothing
of serious consequence to the Unit
ed States will follow these procla
mations. But if the League of Na
tions imposes economic sanctions
against Italy, which means that no
member of the League may legally
carry on any trade in any commod
ity with that country, a tough
question will be put up to the
United States.
we are not members ot the
League, and would not be bound
by its action. Undoubtedly great
pressure will be brought by indus
trial and commercial interests to
take advantage of the trade oppor
tunity which would be offered.
But if other nations undertook to
enforce the League’s sanctions by
blockading Italian ports, it is easy
to imagine a situation existing
which might bring the United
States smack into a lot of trouble.
And don’t think the boys of the
State Department aren’t worried
about that contingency. They are.
Potatoes are something else
again. Secretary Wallace announ
ced the other day that he wasn’t
going to make any effort to en
force the potato control plan. It
wasn’t more than 24 hours after
that before representatives of the
big potato-growing states, chiefly
Maine, Idaho and Utah, descended
upon the Agricultural Department
in a body. The embattled potato
farmers demanded to know why
they weren’t entitled to Govern
ment benefits just as much as pea
nut growers and other agricultur
alists, in whose interest the Gov
ernment has been trying to raise
the price of their products.
The liveliest exchange of threats
and demands that has been heard
in Washington for some months re
sulted. In the end Mr. Wallace
said all right, he would do what he
could to enforce the potato law,
although there wasn’t any mofiey
available to do the necessary po
licing of every potato patch in
the nation.
Auto Death Toll Inu. S. Sets All-Time Record
U. S. To Seek Quick Action On Process Taxes
Want Court To
Advance Case
Motion Before Supreme
Court Will Be Made on
Monday; Hope For
Hearing Nov. 18th
Washington.—Solicitor Genera/
itanley Reed said tonight the gov
irnment will move within a day
ir so for a speedy decision on the
:onstitutionality of agricultural
>rocessing taxes.
The Supreme Court agreed yes
erday to review a Boston circuit
:ourt decision which held the taxes
nvalid in the Hoosac Mills case. ,
Under ordinary circumstances, j
he case would not be reached for
iral argument for two or three
nonths, taking its place on tlr
:alendar behind nearly 100 cases
tdiich the tribunal agreed to review
lefore last summer’s recess.
Reed, however, said tht govern
nent’s motion requesting the court
o advance the hearing would be
nade as soon as it can be printed, i
n the hope that the court will rule
in it next Monday.
V • 4 4
justice department lawyers arc
understood to have indicated a de
sire to set the case for November
18. On that date, the court will
begin its final week of November ,
arguments under its plan of hear- :
ing arguments two weeks and re- ,
cessing two weeks. ,
The court usually grants govern- {
nent requests to move up cases. It t
lid so last spring in the Schechter (
poultry case, when NRA was held j
unconstitutional. c
Officials of both the AAA and
the Justice department, it was said, '
are anxious for a speedy settlement
of the issue because of numerous 1
injunction suits in the lower courts, 1
which have tied up the collection j
of processing taxes
Although the normal revenue
from such taxes has averaged more
than $40,000,000 a month, they
dropped off to $31,000,000 last i
June, $15,000,000 in July, and i
$13,000,000 in August. i
The taxes bring in more than i
$500,000,000 annually to the treas
ury and are paid out as benefits
to farmers participating in crop ad- :
justment programs.
N.c. Urologists
Meet Here Sun.
Dr. C. L. Delaney of Winston
Salem, president of the State Uro
logical Society, announced the pro
gram for the organization’s semi
annual convention, to be held at
Salisbury next Sunday and Mon
The convention will open at 2
p. m. Sunday with a round table
discussion. Scientific sessions will
be held Monday morning and aft
ernoon with a business meeting fol
lowing the afternoon session. A
dinner Monday night wll close
the convention.
Speakers will include Dr. Elmer
Hess, Erie, Pa.; Dr. Robert McKay,
Charlotte; Dr. P. G. Foxx, Raleigh,
and Dr. William M. Copperidge,
65'CCC Camps
To Be Closed
Atlanta. — Major General Van
Horn Moseley, commanding the
Fourth Army Corps area, made
public today a list of 65 CCC
camps which are to be discontinued
by Oct. 31 and four which are
to be added to the list.
The reduction in camps, he ex
(Continued on page eight)
From the War Centers of Ethiopia as Italy Advances
ADOve are scenes uum the Ethiopian war front and a
map insert indicating the northern battle front where the
Italians attained their first objective in the capture of
Adowa. It was here that Italy met with crushing defeat in
1696. Top, left, Natives of Adowa, armed for the defense
of one of their rock forts. Lower, left, Ethiopian cavalry
moving up to the front from Addis Ababa. Right, recent
photograph of Premier Mussolini as he addressed thou
sands of Italians at Rome encouraging them in his great
mobilization program.
"n 1 • 1 a va a
i ravel urnciais Are Being
Shown Beauties of State
Raleigh.—An unusual opportuni
:y for the two Carolinas to gain
nillions of dollars annually from
he tourist industry is offered in
he vist of officials of leading trav
1 agencies of the east for almost
wo weeks, the start made from
ireensboro Sunday, Director R.
iruce Etheridge, of the department
f conservation and development,
About 40 representatives of the
lational travel agencies will be car
ied through North and South Ca
olina under auspices of The Caro
inas, Inc., headed by Coleman W.
Roberts, executive vice-president,
vho worked out the details.
Mr. Etheridge represents the
:onservation department on the
irst part of the trip through west
:rn North Carolina and some other
>fficial of the department will
nake the rest of the trip through
he state after the group returns
rom a swing through South Caro
"This trip should have definite
:angible results in familiarizing
:hese directors of a material part
of the all-expense tourist traffic
with the attractions our state has
to offer to the sightseers,” Mr.
Etheridge said. "We have failed in
the past to focus national attention
to our wealth of higoric, scenic
md- general attractions in North
Carolina, but this tour will help
:o put our state forward with those
who are influential in routing tours.
"I know of no investment that
should bring greater returns to our
people than through the promotion
af tourist travel into North Caro
lina. Somethng of what our state
is missing through failure to culti
vate this remunerative industry is
seen through the report that of
some $75,000,000 spent by tourists
in all-expense tours in 1933 ar
ranged by a group of agencies,
none was brought to North Caro
lina. We hope this trip wll be the
first step toward changing this
situation. The tour will touch all
parts of North Carolina and is one
that it would be well for every res
ident to take to gain a proper ap
preciation of the progress and at
tractions that the state has to of
fer,” said Mr. Etheridge.
Everyone in this vicnity is being
notified to get ready for the arri
val of America’s most welcomed
Darling, which is scheduled to ar
rive in Salisbury on or about Nov
ember fiirst. Watch the columns
sf The Watchman for full details
which will appear next week.
A branch office of the district
WPA office opened Monday morn
ing in the Community building
annex, with H. P. Tsumas of
Statesville in charge. The local of
fice will have charge of WPA pro
jects in Rowan, Iredell, Davidson
and' Davie counties.
Members of the Junior Order,
United American Mechanics, from
the ninth district of Rowan, Da
vidson and Iredell counties, held
a meeting Saturday night at Rock
well. A. L. Klutz, county coun
cilor, presided.
Among the speakers were Chas.
F. Tankersley of Henderson, past
State councilor; Monroe Adams of
Statesville, present State councilor,
both of whom spoke on the work
of the order and urged adherence
to its principles.
Directors of the North Carolina
Merchants associaton, meetng here
Tuesday, discussed mainly routine
There was presentation of the
matter of the associations which
withdrew some time ago from the
state organization but no definite
action was taken regarding their
return to the state body.
East Spencer Fire Department
are staging a big "Freman’s Fair”
beginning October 21st, and con
tinuing through October 26th. on
the East Spencer Depot Lot for
the benefit of the East Spencer
Fire Company.
You should see Captain Jimmie
Jamison in his awe-inspiring, sensa
tional Fire Dive.
There will be plenty of amuse
ments,. concessions, rides, and free
acts for your entertainment.
Census report shows there were
1100 bales of cotton ginned in
Rowan County from the crop of
1931 prior to Oct. 1, as compared
with 294 bales ginned to Oct. 1
crop of 1934.
wpa Program
Be State-Wide
Raleigh.—George W. Coan, Jr.,
State works progress administrator,
back from a trip to Washington,
»id Jb* Jtkac .eke week,
progress program in this State
"will be state-wide and that sever
al projects in every county, giving
employment to available relief la
bor in ’the counties, will be con
Coan said the sum of $8,650,
000 announced as this State’s allot
ment "will be added to by what
ever funds are necessary to give
jobs to workers eligible for the
svorks progress program.”
State Reduces
Its New Debt
Raleigh.—The new debt of the
State of North Carolina was re
duced by $17,126,847.57 during
the two and one-half year period
from January 1, 1933 through June
30, 1935, Governor Ehringhaus
announced today from figures com
piled by Charles M. Johnson, State
The gross debt of the State on
January 1, 193 3, when Governor
Ehringhaus began his four-year
term, was $18 5,139,000. The $10,
942, 577.25 in the sinking fund
made the State’s net debt at that
time 174,196,422.75.
On last June 30, the gross debt
of the State was $170,548,000, and
subtracting the $13,478,424.82 in
the sinking fund gave a net in
debtedness of $157,069,575.18.
The Governor said the net
monthly reduction average during
the first 30 months of his adminis
tration was $570,894.92.
Says Erosion
Loss Is Huge
New York.—Declaring that soi
erosion has mkde "ghost farms’
of 3 5,000,000 acres of land, M
L. Wilson, assistant secretary o:
the Department of Agriculture ane
Chairman of the land planninj
committee of the national resour
ces committee, made a plea fo
retirement of submarginal land
and rehabilitation of farm families
"Three billion tons of soil
enough to fill a train of freigh
cars circling the earth 19 time
(Continued on page eight)
Liza—Where’s yo’ family?
Jane—Well, Bob is in de CCC,
! Henry is in de PWA, an’ mah Ol’
| Man, Rastus, done got hisself back
into de P-E-N.
Boss: “You are twenty minutes
late again. Don’t you know what
time we start work at this fac
New Employe: "No, sir; they’re
always at it when I get here.”—
Boys’ Life.
Huby (to wife, who has just ,
answered telephone) : "What is it,
dear?” ,
Wifey: "Our washerwoman.
She’ll be two hours late; she's hav
ing trouble with her carburetor.”
The sexton had been laying the
new carpet on the pulpit platform, (
and had left a number of tacks
scattered on the floor.
"See here, James,” said the par
son, "what do you suppose would
happen if I stepped on one of those
tacks right in the middle of my
"Well, sir,” replied the sexton,
"I reckon there’d be one point
you wouldn't linger on.”—Watch
llw landlord was anxious to kave
utmost quiet on his premises. Of
a prospective tenant he asked:
"Do you have any children?”
"Piano or radio?”
"Do you play any musical in
strument? Do you have a parrot,
cat, or dog?”
"No,” answered the timid soul, .
"but I have a throat infection and
have to gargle twice a day.” i
_ *
Nurse (in an insane asylum):
"There’s a man outside who wants
to know if we have lost any male
Doctor: "Why?”
Nurse: "He says someone has
run off with his wife.”
_ <
Home Gardener (to agent): 1
"This 'Sure Death to Bugs’ that 1
you sold me last year doesn’t seem 1
to kill the pests at all.”
Agent: "Yes, that’s the advan- 1
tage of using our patent extermin
ator. The properties of this prepar- ]
ation are not to kill the bugs at
once but to gradually but surely ;
undermine their constitution.” 1
Youth: "I guess you’ve been out
with worse looking boys than I i
am, haven’t you?”
Girl makes no reply.
Youth: "I say, I guess you’ve
been out with worse looking fel- 1
lows than I am, haven’t you,”
Girl: “I heard you the first time.
I was trying to think.”
Judge: "Now, just what passed
between you and the complain
Defendant: “Well, your honor,
there were two pairs of fists, one
turnip, seven bricks, a dozen as
sorted bad names and a lump of
Government Investigator: "So
1 you are married. May I ask you
how old your wife is?”
Victim: "Certainly you may ask
: me. You may ask her too—but I
l don’t want to be around when you
j do it. I never could stand the sight
- of blood.”
r -
"Am I g-g-going to d-d-die,
- doctor?”
t "My dear Mt. Smith, that’s the
s last thing you do!”—Everybody
Weekly (London.
33,980 Killed
By Cars In '34
Figures For 193r Thus
Far, Indicate </Death
Rate Still J* hunting
T .£■
Washington .^The census bu
reau counts /l934’s automobile
toll at 33/ £ a IS per cent gain
aver 19’ P^and "a new all-time
It averaged the death-rate of
16.9 persons out of every 100,000.
In 1933, the rate was 23.3. In
1934, in addition, 1,789 persons
were killed in: collisions between
lutomobiles and-railroad trains and
treet cars.
Later figures covering 80 major
tities for the S 2-Weeks ended Sep
ember 28, have indicated the death
ate was continuing upward in
txunciaing witn tne census du
eau figures was a statement from
f. J. Pelley, president of the As
ociation of American railroads,
vhich said "not a single railroad
>assenger was killed in a train ac
:ident on steam railroads in the
Jnited States in the first six
nonths of 1935.”
Fatalities to railroad trainmen in
:he six months Was put at 28 com
Jared with 42 in 1934’s corres
jonding period.
The census bureau said Nevada’s
1934 death rate of 73.4 was the
lighest among the states and com
pared with Rhode Island’s low of
Only three states—Kansas, Dela
ware. and New Hampshire-re
duced their rate from 1933 levels.
Gains over 1933 in the remaining
states ranged from Connecticut’s
2.07 per cent to Montana’s 74.13
per cent.
Vermont ganied 3 8.52 per cent
:ent in contrast to neighboring
STew Hampshire’s decrease of 23.
14. Mississippi was third with a
H.02 per cent increase.
rriumph Seen
For Old Folk
Washington.—Supremacy of age
iver youth in business and govern
nent a quarter century hence was
orecast by the national resources
It reported that “if present trends
:ontinue” the United States can
ook forward to having a stable
lopulation in 1960 with twice as
nany citizens of more than 60
rears of age as there are now. The
lumber of young people under 20
rears old was expected to decrease
n the same proportion.
An increase in life expectancy
ind a decrease in the specific birth
•ate were considered in reaching
he conclusion.
The population trend was indi
:ated by studies made by some of
:he State planning boards and by
barren Thompson and P. K.
O^helpton of the Scripps Founda
:ion for Research in Population
Looking into the futurfc, the
:ommittee envisioned a decreased
demand for primary educatonal fa
:ilities in some parts of the nation
ind foresaw changes to quieter
forms of recreation. Greater shifts
n occupational trends also were
;xpected. "fS&fl
lhe studies, based on tne con
tinuance of present immigration
laws and general trends within the
nation, said "Future population, dis
tributon will depend in large
measure upon the development of
the country’s natural and industrial
The indications were, it added,
"that occupational characteristics
of the population will change and
that as the mechanization of agri
culture and .industry increases, op
portunites for employment in such
new fields as education, conserva
tor recreaton and service occu
pations will increase.”

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