North Carolina Newspapers

    The Carolina Watchman “l:,
Washington — President Roose
velt’s speech before the Farm Bu
reau Federation has served to focus
attention sharply upon the clear
cut fact that the battle-ground of
the Presidential campaign of 1936
will be in the agricultural West.
Mr. Roosevelt, in effect, challenged
the Republicans to offer a sub
stitute for the AAA which would
be equally satisfactory to the farm
ers between the Mississippi and the
Rocky Mountains. No one quali
fied to speak for the Opposition has
yet offered any such program. The
feeling grows here, however, that
the Republicans’ answer to Mr.
Roosevelt’s challenge will come
from the West and not from the
East, when it does come.
Senator Borah’s radio speech, in
which he criticized sharply the con- ■
servative Eastern wing of the Party,
is regarded as not so much an ex
pression of the Senator’s own desire
to be the Republican candidate as
it was an effort to rally the pro
gressive thought of the West into
a solid front, which can dictate the
Party’s agricultural policies. It is
also interpreted as a backhanded
slap at Mr. Hoover’s leadership.
Whether or not the line of cleav
age between Eastern and Western
wings of the Republican Party will
amount to anything more serious
than the customary fight for organ
ization control remains to be seen.
Experienced political observers here,
however, are swinging strongly to |
the opinion that considerations of j
political strategy will force the |
Party to pick its candidate from
somewhere west of the Mississippi
and east of the Rockies.
That would eliminate Mr. Hoo
ver on the West, and Col. Knox
and Senator Vandienberg on the
East, leaving the contest, so far as
visible candidates now in the field
are concerned, to Senator Borah,
Gov. Landon, and Senator Dickin
son of Iowa. Few are found who
believe that Mr. Borah seriously
wants to be the nominee. That
leaves Governor Landon as the ris
ins star of the moment.
* -
There is no end to the possible
complications affecting next year’s
campaign which may develop from
meets now in the matter of only a|
couple of weeks. The temper ex-j
hibited by returning Senators and
Members can best be described as
"rambunctious.” They are going
to put up a fight for every meas
ure that has votes in it.
Out of the 531 Legislators on
Capitol Hill there are only 64
whose terms don’t expire in 1936.
Those are the 64 Senators whose
terms run to 1938 and 1940. One
third of the Senators and all of the
Representatives must run for re
election next November if they
want to come back. That makes
for a situation in which every or
ganized raid on the Treasury which
has important voting strength be
hind it will find support. Veter
ans’ Bonus, Townsend Plan, "Soak
the-Rich” tax schemes, the Frazier*
Lemke Farm Mortgage Refinancing
(Continued on page 4)
Bruno Asks For
‘Lie Detector’
Trenton, N. J.,—From his death
house cell Bruno Richard Haupt
mann sent a letter to Governor
Harold G. Hoffman today pro
testing anew his innocence of the
Lindbergh kidnap-murder and of
fering to submit to a lie detector
test to prove it.
The condemned man wrote he
hoped Dr. John F. Condon too
would submit to such a test, be
cause the venerable "Jafsie” of
the ransom negotiations, he said,
"changed’ his attitude on the case
between the time he visited Haupt
mann in the Flemington jail and
the trial a few weeks later.
"When he was visiting me in my
Flemington cell,” Hauptmann
wrote in his apologetic note, he
said all excited to the prosecutor
'I cannot testify against this
man.’ ”
"I have a deep interest,” Haupt
man told the Governor, "in what
ikind of force made him change
this saying.”
1,200 Plants
Will Get Plea
By Murchison
Textile Institute Would
Pledge All Manu
New York—Twelve hundred
cotton mills throughout the coun
try will be asked, before January
1, to pledge the maintenance of
basic provisions of the industry’s
former code, it was announced by
Dr. Claudius T. Murchison, presi
dent of the Cotton-Textile insti
Under the simple pledge as now
proposed,’ mills will be asked to
agree with the institute and, "in
consideration of similar pledges by
other mills,” not to exceed the two
40-hour shifts a week maximum
for productive macninery, nor the
40-hour maximum work week for
smployes; to pay, at least, code
minimum wages; and to employ no
child labor—standards which, it
was emphasized, have been main
tained voluntarily by more than 90
per cent of the active spindles in
the industry since the collapse of
Already approved in principle by
every important association in the
industry, including the American
Association of Cotton Manufactur
ers in the South, the National As
sociation of Cotton Manufacturers
in New England, the Southern
Combed Yarn Spinners’ association
State associations, and group or
ganizations, the proposed agree
ment, according to Dr. Murchison,
is another step toward realization
of the industry’s program:
"To press confidently forward
with voluntary co-operation in es
tablishing and maintaining sound
:ompetitive conditions and prac
tices; in maintaining and, if possi
ble, improving its standards of em
ployment and compensation of its
employes; in seeking to do business
bn a basis of fair return on its in
vestment which will enable it to
maintain those standards, preserve
its credit and render improving
service to the public.”
"In the months since the invali
dation of its code, the industry,”
said Dr. Murchison, "has demon
strated its capacity for self-gov
ernment.Here and there, units, usu
ally small and poorly financed, have
broken away, but the preponder
ant majority has continued, in the
face of many discouragements and
temptations to hold the lines. It
is that record of achievement and
the enthusiasm and unanimous ap
proval of every group consulted
thus far which justifies submission
of a definite agreement to the in
Because its acceptance by mills
will substitute individual pledges
for what has been voluntary un
pledged maintenance of standards,
the program should be a source of
renewed confidence not only for
the mills themselves and their cus
tomers, but also for their workers
and the general public.
"Acceptance of the agreement by
the mills will consolidate gaints al
ready made and will assure fur
ther substantial progress toward
stabilization of the industry and its
markets by preventing those period
ical orgies of excessive production
marked by demoralized markets a3
well as by sharp peaks and dips
of employment ,so disastfrtous to
workers and the communities de
pendent on them.”
A Subscription
For Christmas
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week in the year.
Hope For Short Session Is Fading
Bonus Fight
To Head List
Adjournment Not Likely
Before June, Contro
versal Issues Appear
Washington—Congressional lead
ers saw hopes for a short session in
the approaching campaign year
waning as they scanned a legisla
tive program studded with nearly
a score of pricky issues.
Startng with the fight over
cash payment of the bonus, schedul
ed to reach the House floor Janu
ary 13, the procession of contro
versy-laden measures has led many
legislators to believe they will be
working until June.
The usual fireworks of political
oratory, always touched off on the
eve of a presidential election also
have been mentioned as a factor in
thwarting hopes for an April ad
Shadowing the perspective of the
coming session, too, are the inter
twined question marks of taxes and
the fate of the New Deal legislation
in the Supreme Court.
Ranking with the bonus in de
bate-provoking interest is the ques
tion of a new neutrality law.
I his also is expected to De l
brought up early, since the present!
act requiring a mandatory embar-l
go upon arms and munitions toj,
belligerents expires February 29. |.
Most congressmen say other I
legislation they expect to find on!
the administration’s "must’ sche
dule will be almost as touchy as
the bonus and neutrality.
The list for instance:
Subsidies for the American;
merchant marine to place it in po-;
sition to compete more effectively!
with foreign shipping, incorporated;
in a bill passed by the House last!
session and pending in the Senate.
Elimination of war profits, ap
proved by the House with a pro
vision for taxing away all excess
war earnings, and resting now in
a Senate committee.
Revisions to the controverted po
tato control legislation providing
for production quotas.
Amendments to tighten the pure
food and drug laws and bring cos
metics under supervision, passed by
the Senate and referred to House
Reframing part of the social se
curity act.
Regular appropriations fails to
provide funds for operating the
Los Angeles hotel sent out 2,000!
bags of California walnuts as a|
! Christmas greeting to its patrons.
throughout the country. Today!
the replies began pouring in. Mostj
of them read: "Nuts to you, too.”i
| Stirs Hauptmann Doubt ]
ma .mi-n,!
TRENTON . . . Detective Ellis j|
Parker (above), noted New Jersey;;
detective, reported to still be work-11
ing on the Lindbergh kidnap mtrrder
case, is quoted as having said that;
” Bruno Hauptmann is not the
N. C. Will Notj
Share In Fund
Lack of Security Legisla
tion Keeps State From
Getting Unemploy
ment Insurance
Washington'.—The :unemploy
ment insurance committee of the
National Retail Dry Goods asso-|
nation, in a general summary is— j
ued of what states have done to
:ake advantage of the unemploy
nent insurrance clause of the So
cial Security act, fails to list
North Carolina as a state in which
such provision will apply Janu-I
ary 1, so far as the state’s get
ting benefits is concerned. This
does not mean that the employer
in North Carolina will escape pay
ing the tax after January 1, if he
had eight or more employes, but
that the money collected will re
vert to the Federal treasury until.
the state enacts an approved un
visions of the Social Security act.
It was stated at the offices of
the social security board that it
still has before it the opinion of Ar
torney General Seawell of North
Carolina that the Cherry resolu
tion of the last assembly would
suffice in the state, but that the
board has not yet finally ruled upon
States that have unemployment
(Continued on page eight)
Washington.—The treasury an
nounced today award of a $97,000
contract to A. C. Atherton com
pany of Chicago for construction
of a post office at Fort Lauderdale,
Fla. Three hundred calendar days
were allowed for completion of the
Every time when Santa comes,
An’ leaves a heap of toys
That fill up to the brim with joy
The hearts of little boys,
My pop he always finds them first,,
An sprawls out on the floor,
An’ spends the day a playin’ with
The things that I wished for.
He’ll hardly let me touch a thing—
I hafta stand about
An’ never do a thing but watch
Till pop has tried them out.
I simply cannot figure out—
I’m puzzled as can be;
Does Santa brings the toys to pop,
Or leave then* there for me?
—C. M. Andrews.
N. C. Cities Unable
To Meet Relief Costs
Executive Committee of Municipal League Calls
On State and U. S. to Finance Unemployables
Raleigh—Asserting cities and
towns of the State cannot take care
of current relief burdens thrust up
on them, the executive committee
of the North Carolina League of;
Municipalities called upon the State!
and Federal governments to assume
responsibilities of financng the cost
of relief.
Resolutions were passed calling
upon their State to make funds ap
propriated by the last General As
sembly for relief available imme
diately, and urging the Federal
government to provide more money!
and change regulations governing;
employment of families on relief
Extension of the Federal works
relief program to the end of the
1937 fiscal year or until the social
security program becomes a real
ity, "since the greater efficiency
and economy can be obtained by
proper advance planning,” was re
quested. !
The next Congress was called!
upon to make additional appropria
tions, so that funds will "be avail
able to continue the works program]
on a basis capable of giving jobs
to all employable needing relief'
and to provide money needed for
direct relief to supplement State
and local funds, and to finance
permanently the Federal share of
the social security program.”
Reveal Sparrow’s Nest
Caused Death Of Woman
Miami, Fla.—Albert Bullard was
enroute to Chicago with the body
of his wife, unaware that Miami
officials have found a sparrow caus
ed her mysterious death here Sat
urday night.
Bullard’s wife, Catherine, 5 6, was
found dead in their apartment.
Lying unconscious at her side was
Bullard, a retired Chicago police
On being revivd he was unable
to explain his wife’s death or his
condition. He had fainted car
rying her to a bed.
William Sydow, Miami public
service director, sent Plumbing
Inspector William Imand to the
apartment today to solve the mys
tery. Imand started investigating
the gas heating system.
In a flue used to carry fumes
away from the heater, he saw the
ends of sticks and some straw. He
poked further, finding the flue
completely clogged with a bird’s
The nest held a dead sparrow.
Both Mrs. Bullard and the spar
row were vicjtims of accidental
carbon monoxide poisoning, offic
i ials decided.
®Renew your Subscription today.
Iahbel Bom (above), is the
author of the new serial story
“Promenade Deck” which starts in
this newspaper this week. It is a
story which wins high praise from
the critics. Like “Grand Hotel” it
is a study of people as they live to
gether. The scene of this story is
aboard ship on a world cruise.
Raleigh Office
Freed of Blaine
WPA Payrolls Handled
Properly and Without
Washington.—The Treasury de
partment said investigation
showed its accounting and dis
bursing office at Raleigh, N. C.,
was free of any blame in connection
with reported delay in disburse
ment of pay roll checks to Works)
Progress Administration employes
in North Carolint.
WPA pay rolls, the treasury said'
were handled promptly and any
delay in payment of workers must
be attributed to slow transmission
of assignment and time sheets
from the field to district WPA of
It added pay rolls were being
cleared by the Raleigh office in
33 hours, which was described as
"remarkably quick time’ due to the
detailed work that must be done.
Speeding up of transmission of
assignment and time sheets, a
treasury official said, was a mat
ter or the state WPA administra
tion to handle.
Wife Of Einstein
Is Seriously 111
New York—Mrs. Albert Ein
stein, wife of the eminent Ger
man scientist, was taken to Mon
tefiore hospital from her home in
Princeton, N. J., today suffering
from heart enlargemtnt. Her con
dition was said to be serious.
Dr. Einstein accompanied his
wife to the hospital. She had,
been ill for some time and it was!
decided to transfer her to the!
hospital after her condition became
alarming I

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