Carolina Watchman I Published Every Friday Morning By *Ilie Carolina Watchman Pub. Co. SALISBURY, NORTH CAROLINA E. W. G. Huffman_President SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Payable In Advance One Year_$1.00 6 Months- .10 —— —11 Entered as seeond-dasi mail matter at the postoffice at Sal isbury, N. C., under the act of March 3, 1879. The influence of weekly news papers on public opinion exceeds that of all other publications in the country.—Arthur Brisbane. POPULATION DATA (1930 Census) Salisbury -16,931 Spencer _3,128 E. Spencer_2,098 China Grove_1,25 8 Landis _1,388 Rockwell_ 696 Granite Quarry_ 507 Cleveland_.— 43 5 Faith’ _ 431 Gold Hill _ 156 (Population Rowan Co. 56,665) FRIDAY, MARCH 6, 1936. A DOLLAR GOES A LONG WAY Well, Walter Johnson did it. There probably was more interest in this year’s Washington’s birth day celebration than in any previ ous February 22 in recent years. It was a bright idea of Congress man Sol Bloom, of New York, to bet that Walter Johnson, famous former baseball pitcher and now a Maryland farmer, could not throw a silver dollar across the Rappa hannock River. Mr. Bloom had expressed doubt that George Washington ever per formed that feat, which was related by his first biographer, Parson Weems. The good Parson only wanted to prove that the Father of his Country was a powerful man. There isn’t any other evidence that Washington ever threw a dollar away, either across the Rappahan nock or anywhere else, but the story has persisted. Now Walter John son has proved that it could have been done. That is, provided the Rappahannock River wasn’t any wider when Washington was a young man than it Is now. It is 272 feet wide now at Fredericks burg, Virginia but Mr. Bloom thinks he has evidence that it was 1320 feet wide in Washington’s youth. Mr. Bloom was also skeptical about the dollar story because he said that dollars weren’t coined in America until after Washington became President. That is true, but he forgot that "dollar” is not an American word, but had been in use for centuries, and that the Span ish milled dollar, or peso, was a standard coin all over the world long before the American Revolu tion. So it looks as if Mr. Bloom had lost on all counts, and Walter Johnson has proved that even though he has quit big league base ball to become a farmer, he is still a mighty pitcher. Some commentator once remark ed that George Washington did an even tougher job than throwing a dollar across the Rappahannock, when he threw a sovereign across the Atlantic Ocean. Even Walter Johnson couldn’t do that. THE TVA DECISION Everybody seems to be satisfied with the ruling of the Supreme Court of the United States in the Tennessee Valley Authority case. It reaffirmed that the Federal Government has full control over navigable streams and that this control involves the right to build dams and otherwise improve the channels of such streams to make navigation safer or easier. And that, as the Court put it, the Gov ernment then becomes the owner of the power generated by the waters flowing over the dams. Being the owner of the water power, it can sell the water power to whomever wants to buy it, either as water power or by converting it into elec tric energy. The Supreme Court decision stopped there. It did not go into the question of the Government’s right to set up a model community in the Tennessee Valley and go into the business of distributing electric energy at retail or doing other things for the betterment of the lives of the residents which have been announced as parts of the TVA program. The Government’s case as pre sented to the Court omitted all reference to the latter items. They likely will be brought before the Court in another action. What the decision will be remains for the future to disclose. So far as the TVA decision went it was clearly in accord with Constitutional pre cedents. It seems clear from the language of the Court’s decision that the Federal Government cannot go into the power business as a primary ob jective and so compete with pri vately owned utilities. It can only sell power whose production is incidental to the carrying out of another purpose, so far as the Court ruling goes. It is difficult to see how tftt utilities can be seriously harmed, especially as they are probably in the best position of anyone to buy and distribute the power generated at Federal dams, without going to the capital expense of building the dams themselves. TODAY AND TOMORROW —BY— Frank Parker Stockbridge Every once in a while I feel like waving the American flag and giv ing three cheers for Uncle Sam. What set me off this time is the last two or three decisions of the Supreme Court, especially the one in which the Court reasserted the right of the press to free expression without restraint by any govern mental authority. Of course, the press is responsible if it prints libels or scurrilous mat ter of any kind; but the Court pointed out again that no power exists, either in Congress or the states, to say in advance to any newspaper "You may not print that.” It seems to me that the very roots of all our liberties are bound up in this liberty of the press. The first thing a dictator does is to suppress or regulate the newspa pers. We will never lose our lib erties as Americans so long as any body can set up a printing pres's and tell the people the truth about what is going on. * * * RADIO.rights I agree with my friend David Lawrence that radio broadcasting should be as free as the newspaper is. As things stand now, there is a Federal commission in Washing ton which has power to say what may and may not be broadcast. I don’t know that that power has ever been abused, but it ought not to exist. Radio, like the press, ought to be permitted to say anything it wants to say—and should be punished, like the press, if it uses indecent or pro fane language or utters a libel re flecting falsely against the charac ter of any person. In the long run, truth always prevails. Sooner or later those who try to deceive the people are found out. In the meantime, I am letting them all talk as long as anybody wants to listen. * * » One thing that makes me feel pa triotic is the frequent instances I encounter of young folk who have found opportunities to get ahead in the world and make something of themselves when all around them folk were wailing that there were no opportunities left for the young. There are greater opportunities than ever for young people of character, who are willing to work. Six young friends of my daughter, all of them under thirty, were at the house the other night. All of them have had to make their own way in the world, and all have made good in spite of these years of de pression. One girl is breeding dogs and making a good living at it. One young man is getting along by collecting and selling met al from discarded automobiles. Two of the girls started a laundry three years ago, specializing in washing baby clothes. They run three delivery wagons now. An other boy and his brother have turned their taste for amateur photography to account, and do a good business in photographing business men in their own offices. Opportunity gone? Not a bit of it. If * * HISTORY.and us At a dinner party in New York the other evening one of the guests, a Frenchman, asked me a question about American history, which I was, fortunately, able to answer. "I’ve been in your country two years now,” he caid. "and the lone r I stay, the more I am impressed with the durability of your Ameri can institutions. You’ve been run ning now for 150 years or so under a system of government which has enabled you to become the greatest people in the world. Over in Europe we have changed every principle of government many times. I’m still a Frenchman, but I like your system better than my own country’s. "Since Washington became Presi dent of the United States, France has had five different kinds of gov ernment. Our present Republic is only sixty years old. We throw out our Cabinet and President every little while. We think we know a lot, but one thing which we haven’t learned and Americans have is how to govern ourselves.” Somebody—I don’t know who— once said that "self-government is better than good government.” I think he was right. FREEDOM.ours I met a man the other day who has just moved from Nebraska to New York. The same day I called on a friend who was moving his office from New York to Califor nia. Next morning came a letter from a friend I had last heard of in Chicago, telling me about his new job in Texas. There isn’t any other country in the world where people have so much freedom to move around as they please. There are no barriers to travel or employment from one end of the country to the other. Nobody has to have a passport or a police permit to go 3,000 miles, if he wants to; nobody cares where he comes from if he knows his job. Those conditions exist nowhere else in the world. In Europe a man may live for years in one house and work at one job; but when he moves into the house next door or changes his employment, he has to report to the police, or be fined if he doesn’t. L WE TURN today to the colored & RACE FOR our little story, and * * * AND BEGIN by saying that it >f if if HAPPENED RIGHT here in the * if * CITY. It may also be pointed * * * OUT THAT the same plan is often * * * DISCERNED IN the white race, * « * THAT IS, the same basic plan. "WHAT ATTRACTED you to * * * YOUR BRIDE?” asked the minister AFTER THE ceremony. "Well, SAH,” REPLIED* the ebony * » * GROOM, "de fust time Ah seed » * * MARY ANN Ah tuk er fancy * * * TO HER, ’cause she was so good * * » LOOKIN.’ DEN when Ah * if if LEARNED DAT she was doin’ * * * STEADY WASHIN’ for seben * * * FAMILIES, RIGHT den and * * * DAR, AH surrendered.” if if * I THANK YOU. PICAYUNES _ _ 8 PRACTICE BEFORE PREACHING "That new minister of yours has made a great hit , I understand. Does he practice what he preaches?” “Yes, I can testify to that, as I live next door to him. Every Sat urday night he practices till mid night what he’s going to preach next morning.” CONSTITUTIONAL Because he had been naughty Willie’s mother had decreed that he should not go to the movies to see the usual Saturday afternoon west ern thriller. Willie, however, had been studying current events at school and did not intend to give up without a struggle. ,‘You have no constitutional right to do this, mother,” he said. "Why not?” asked his parent. "Because you are exercising rule without consent of the governed.” VERY MUCH ALIKE Naomi: "You know, the more I think about it the more certain I am that I married a fool.” Harry. "Perhaps you did, my dear. You know that when you married me you said few people were so much alike as you and I.” SHOPPING FORECAST Min (at breakfast) : "I want to do some shopping today, George, if the weather is favorable. What does the paper forecast say?” George (consulting his paper): "Rain, hail, sleet, thunder, light ning, snow and fierce winds.” NICE RETRACTION Angry Caller: "Mister Editor, I want you to take back what you said about me in your old rag. You said I was a reformed drunk ard. You’ve got to apologize or I’ll sue for slander.” Editor: "Very well. I’ll retract the statement cheerfully. I’ll say you haven’t reformed.” WOULDN’T BELIEVE HIM Judge: "Didn’t I tell you the last time you were here that I didn’t want to see you here again?” Prisoner: "Yes, Your Honor; that’s what I told these policemen but they wouldn’t believe it.” DIFFERENCE "That means fight where I come from,” "Well, why don’t you fight then?” " Cause I ain’t where I come from.” FACTS ARE FACTS The reporter was sent to write up a charity ball. Next day the editor called him to his desk. "Look here, what do you mean by this? 'Among the most beauti ful girls was Horatio Lucian Ding ley.’ Why, you crazy idiot! Old Dingley isn’t a girl—and besides he’s one of our principal stock holders.” “I can’t help that,” returned the realistic reporter. "That’s where he was.” • Buy In "Greater Salisbury”. Try CARDUI For Functional Monthly Pains Women from the teen age to the change of life have found Cardui genuinely help ful for the relief of functional monthly pains due to lack of Just the right strength from the food they eat. Mrs. Crlt Haynes, of Essex, Ido, writes: “I used Cardui when a girl for cramps and found It very beneficial. I have recently taken Cardui during the change of life. I was very nervous, had head and back pains and was In a gen erally run-down condition. Cardui has helped me greatly.” Thousands of vomen testify Cardui bene fited them. If it does not benefit TOO, consult a physician. COMES THE DAWN -by a. b. cw*, ' I' '-’ s P R IN <T BASE BAUU NEWS THIS WEEK IN WASHINGTON (Continue^, from page One) was. He was a powerful influence before the extent of his following was known. Now Congressmen generally pooh-pooh the notion that he is actually able to influence any important body of voters, suffi ciently concentrated in particular states or districts to influence the election of paricular Congressmen or Senators. The Townsend old-age pension bloc is a case in point. Outside of a few spots on the map its strength is not yet sufficiently concentrated,, or at least so the leaders in Cong-] ress believe. The impending Con gressional investigation into the Townsend movement is expected to disclose its real strength. But it will have the effect of postponing any possible action along Townsend Plan lines until next session, if ever. One of the shrewdest political ob servers here remarked the other day that the one pressure group which seems to be missing is the “econo my bloc.” Congress wants to keep on spending money, but shies like a frightened colt from the shadow of tax projects necessary to provide the money to spend. The boys on Capitol Hill all know that have got to enact some new tax measures this session, and how they dread it. Congress has to appropriate a lot more cash, for direct relief on top of WPA. The strongest pressure group of all is perhaps the one com posed of governors of states and mayors of cities who insist that they cannot take care of the des titute without Federal aid after April 1, when direct Federal relief theoratically comes to an end. Distribution of Federal funds through relief agencies, public works, the bonus and farm relief checks is expected to keep retail business humming until after elec tion. And shrewd observers are pointing out that, whicnever way the election goes, general business will improve rapidly. PRESIDENTIAL TALK Discussion of Republican Presi dential candidates is on every tongue in Washington. Governoi Landon’s apparent popular lead steadily increases. Whether he is bated by his friends and his oppon too far out in front is being de ents. It is pointed out that four years ago, in February, Franklin D. Roosevelt was away out in front of all the contenders for the Demo cratic nomination, and he was the party’s nominee. It is doubtful, however whether Governor Landon has at his command the well-or ganized machinery for gathering delegates which Mr. Roosevelt had at that time. Four out of five of the profes sional political observers here are now saying that the Republican nominee will be “either Landon or a dark horse.” Talk about a “dark horse” usually brings up the suggestion of Justice Roberts of the Supreme Court. Senator Van denberg seems to be emerging from the dark-horse class into that of a regular contender. TO SELL NAVAL STORES Washington — Reptftesentative Frank Boykin of Mobile, Alabama, announced that he received a letter from G. E. Rathell, Commodity corporation treasurer, stating that he was authorized to say "the cor poration’s present policy with res pect to pledged stocks of gum nav al stores contemplates the sale of as much thereof, up to May 1, as the market will absorb at current prices.” • Buy In "Greater Salisbury”. Cigarette Sales Show Increase America’s "tobacco habit” is be coming more and more a "cigarette habit,” according to the trend shown in a comparative statement of internal revenue receipts from the tax on tobacco manufacturers during the calendar year 1934-3 5, released by the Treasury Depart ment. While the total revenue from the chewing and smoking tobacco and snuff manufacturers during 193 5 dropped below the 1934 total, the cigar manufacturing tax little more than held its own, the cigar ette manufacturing tax receipts, most of which come from manu facturers in North Carolina, show ed a tremendous increase over 1934. Federal receipts from the cig arette manufacturers in 1934 to talled $377,478,601 in 1934, and in 1935 it jumped to $405,855,259. Of these sums, North Carolina manufacturers paid in 1934, $204, 459,808, and in the past year $220,245,503. At the same time this increase was noted, the federal revenue from chewing, smoking and snuff manufacture dropped from $61, 972,136 in 1934, to $61,263,933 in 193$. North Carolina manufac turers contributions showed a simi lar drop, from $22,216,395 in 1934 to $21,187,837 in 1935. Total receipts from the tax on cigar manufacturers were $11, 934,074 in 1934 and $12,002,008 in 1935, a gain of but $68,000. North Carolina’s share of this tax was small, but showed an increase in 1935, when it was $73,811, over 1934, when it was $64,747. All kinds of printing done prompt ly at The Carolina Watchman, 119 East Fisher St. •ffHERE ARE A LOT Of WORKING FOLKS THAT AIN'T WHAT YOU’D CALL CLOCK WATCHERS*" BUT THEY’RE MIGHTY FINE WHISTLE USTENERS. fey THRIFT THRIFT THRIFT THRIFT THRIFT THRIFT fc 2 Statement February 1, 1936 P ASSETS LIABILITIES gj North Carolina Bonds-.$ 5,000.00 Serial Stock_$202,462.86 H Stock in Federal Home Loan Paid-up Stock_ 263,600.00 H Bank - 2,700.00 Surplus and Undivided & Cash in Bank, Checking Ac- Projfits __ 51741.81 count- 3,394.57 Indebtedness_ NONE H First Mortgages on Real S Estate_ 478,307.10 g Loans on Pass Book Stock 12,553.00 H Real Estate- 15,850.00 fc - - 5 517,804.67 517,S04.67 ^ ,sr“v. m mm m V _ mm _ _ _ h uur Association is preparea to neip m purchasing, and s in building or re-financing homes on LONG TERMS H at 6% INTEREST. fc g Our Series 68 is now open and we urge you to start g H systematic saving in it. 2 •"1 Home Building & Loan Association 2 MEMBER FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK H jE A. W. HARRY, Pres. "At the Square” E. H. HARRISON, Sec.-Treas. Office: First Floor Pilot Building Phone 116 'll THRIFT THRIFT THRIFT THRIFT THRIFT THRIFT

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