Carolina Watchman (Salisbury, N.C.) /
April 17, 1936, edition 1 /
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F= . ' .. . - ' ' ■ -■■■■'
News of Interest to all Farmers
■ ■ ■■■ — ' ■ -—-- , — -- - - I
10,000 Men To Work
The federal government has al
ready exercised its options on appro
ximately 285,000 acres of lane
demonstration projects of the Re
settlement Administration in the
five states of Region IV—Tennes
see, Kentucky, Virginia, West Vir
ginia and North Carolina—Region
al Director, Homer H. B. Mask,
of Raleigh, N. C., reports.
Approximately 10,000 workers
are now employed in the develop
ment of these Resettlement pro
A total of 400,000 acres has
been optioned for the demonstra
tion areas, leaving about 115,000
acres to be taken up, Director Mask
stated. In addition, 75,000 acres
are under option in the five states
for farmstead community pro
jects on which clients being remov
ed from the demonstration areas will
The land acquisition record by
Tennessee—Options exercised on
82,000 acres out of total of 131,000
acres optioned for demonstration
land community farmstead pro
Kentucky—Options exercised or
'64,000 acres out of total of 105,
000 acres under option.
Virginia—Options exercised or
60,000 acres out of 96,000 acres
West Virginia—Options exercis
ed on 4,546 acres out of 10,000
acres under option.
North Carolina—Options exer
cised on 85,000 acres out of 124,
000 acres under option.
North Carolina—Options exer
cised on 85,000 acres out 124,000
acres under option.
"In addition to these projects,”
Director Mask stated, Resettlement
is caring for thousands of farm
families in this region under its re
habilitation program and farms be
ing acquired as rapidly as possible
for special farm tenant projects in
Tennessee and North Carolina.
"These activities and the efforts
of the Farm Debt Adjustment and
Community and Co-operative Ser
vice units of the Resettlement or
ganization constitute a rounded,
long-range program which is de
signed to bring lasting economic
benefits to the state and put a large
number of farmers formerly on re
lief on a self-sustaining basis. The
program has already reached a mag
nitude in this region which vividly
answers the question. 'What is
Director Mask pointed out that
for the nation as a whole Resettle
ment Administration is acquiring
9,286,000 acres for reforestation
and recreational demonstration pro
jects and that 446,000 farm families
are being carried on the rehabilita
• Patronize Watchman Adver
1 * 1
Part Of New
Controlling erosion, the thief of
fertile topsoil from thousands of
acres in North Carolina, is a pro
minent feature of the new soil-im
The soil-building and conserving
crops advocated under the new
program serve to check erosion in
several ways, said John W. Good
man, assistant director of the State
College agricultural extension ser
While these crops are growing, he
said, their roots form a thick mat
which holds the soil particles in
place. They also check the run-off
of rain water by impeding its flow
downhill and by increasing the ca
pacity of the land to absorb water
in large quantities.
Then after they have been plow
ed under, the building and conserv
ing crops add organic matter to the
soil that makes it soft and spongy.
Rain soaks into such soil and is
held for long periods.
Soil well filled with organic
matter also has a greater tendency
to remain in place than britty sand
or clay soils, Goodman pointed out.
When the soil absorbs large
quantities of water, he continued,
it prevents floods during heavy
rains and keeps the land from dry
ing out completely when rainfall is
On an eight per cent slope, he
added, a field on which nothing
but corn is grown will lose 25 per
cent of its rainfall by immediate
run-off and an average of 67 tons
of top soil per arre through ero
sion each year.
But if the field is in a good soil
building crop, it will lose less than
five per cent of its rainfall and on
ly a few hundred pounds of soil per
When corn, wheat, and clover
are grown in rotation, the average
run-off of rain water is less than
half the amount from a field kept
continually in corn, and the soil
losses are only one-seventh as much.
Brief News Items
Nine farmers in Orange County
have received 50,000 pounds of
TVA phosphate to be used on dem
Much enthusiasm over terracing
is being shown in Guilford County,
as growers see the results obtained.
There are now enough terraces
staked in that county to keep two
outfits busy for over two months.
A new 4-H Club has been or
ganized at Griffin’s School in Nash
County. Another club is being
planned for Samaria in the same
The Marshville sweet potato cur
ing house in Union County has
come through a record year in good
shape, with all bills being paid and
with a small surplus left with
which to paint the house and use as
operating capital. _
Owners of Holstein cattle re
cently reorganized the Holstein
Breeders Association of North
C. D. Branch of Columbus Coun
ty through feeding corn to his hogs
and selling the animals realized a
greater profit from his grain than
if he had sold the corn outright.
It brought him $1.50 a bushel un
der this method.
Strawberry growers in Duplin
County are busily engaged in
strawing their plants and in clean
ing their fields in preparation for
the annual harvest. The first ber
ries are expected by April 15.
A strange cult of women that
defy fire, secure in the belief that
their faith will not let them be
burned. Read this unusual story
in the April 19 issue of the Ameri
can Weekly, the big magazine
which comes every Sunday with
the BALTIMORE AMERICAN!
Get your copy from your news
Lucknow, India—The Indian na
tionalist Congress closed with shouts
of "Long live the revolution!” The
Congress did not order any revolu
tionary steps by its members. It
expressed sympathy with peoples of
| Tree Climbing Truck
oh AI LLt,... Here’s one of those
things that can ’t happen, but do.
It is a tree-climbing truck, achieved
by racing wildly down a busy street,
narrowly missing pedestrians and
automobiles, plunging over a 50 foot
embankment . . . then climbing the
tree, without injury to any one.
To Give Broadcast
On Certified Seed
The value of certified seed in
scientific farming will be stressed
Saturday in a radio talk on the
Carolina Farm Features program by
A. D. Stuart, extension specialist
at State College.
Good results cannot be obtained
if the grower uses seed about which
he knows little or nothing. He is
taking a chance that the seed may
be from a high-producing variety,
and again, they may be from inferi
Fof this reason Mr. Stuart is urg
ing farmers to plant only certified
seed. By so doing ,they will be
assuring themselves of a profitable
yield at harvest time of the crop has
been cultivated properly.
Also included on the week’s pro
gram will be a talk on Friday by
C. J. Maupin, extension poultry
man, on "Management of Growing
Chicks”. In his talk Mr. Maupin
will give timely suggestions which
he thinks will be of value to the
owners of chicks.
The full schedule for the week of
April 13-18 follows:
Monday, John E. Foster, "Beef
Cattle Production in North Caro
lina”; Tuesday, Dr. B. W. Wells,
"The Soil Doctor”; Wednesday,
Zoolovy Department; Thursday,
Miss Willie Hunter, "Clothing the
Family”; Friday, C. J. Maupin,
"The Management of Growing
Chicks”; and Saturday, A. D.
Stuart, "Why Certified Seed.”
On the following Monday, A. C.
Kimrey, extension dairyman, will
present a talk on "Cash Crop Re
duction Leads to Livestock.”
Of “Fertilizer Trust”
Wshington—A justice depart
ment inquiry was underway to de
tremine whether a "fertilize!
trust” exists to the detriment of
John Dickinson, assistant attor
ney general in charge of the anti
trust division, said he had ordered
the investigation after Representa
tive Tarver, Democrat of Georgia,
said that farmers "are apparently
being robbed of millions of dollars
Tarver contended that informa
tion which he submitted "justified
the belief that an agreement in
restraint of trade exists between the
various corporations in the manu
facture of commercial fertilizer.”
A house sub-committee was told
that farmers used $250,000,000
worth of fertilizer annually.
AIDE OF DOHERTY DIES
New York—Herbert O. Caster,
attorney for Henry L. Doherty,
president of Cities Service Co., died
at 2:30 a. m. Tuesday in Polyclinic
hospital where he had been serious
ly ill for four weeks. He was 64
years old. Caster was associate
head of the oil and gas division of
the Cities Service Co.
Taking eggs from a falcon’s
nest in England, was an offense
punishable by a year in prison and
a heavy fine during the reign of
Ice Cream Recognized
As A Wholesome Food
Ice cream, once considered a deli
cate lubury, is now generally recog
nized as a wholesome food.
It supplies all the foods of milk
for growth, body sustenance, and
health protection, said W. L. Clev
enger, extension specialist in dairy
manufacturing at State College.
In addition, ice cream offords op
portunity for combining with its
delightful flavor the blend of lus
cious fruits, piquant nuts, and
Once the exclusive dish of royal
ty, ice cream is now available to
every one . . . the "pick-up that
won’t let you down,” Clevenger
Ice cream usually contains about
three times as much butterfat, milk
solids other than fat, and sugar as
an equal weight of milk. The milk
solids consist of high quality pro
teins and minerals like calcium,
phosphorus, and iron.
Ices and sherberts, which are deli
ciously refreshing during hot sum
mer months, can be prepared with
about 20 per cent suitable fruit
juices, 30 per cent sugar, and the
remainder pure water or milk, de
pending upon whether an ice or a
sherbert is desired.
Ice cream has another advan
tage, Clevenger pointed out, in that
it satisfies the cravings for sweets
and deserts and thus helps elimi
nate the temptation to eat other
such foods that are not so helpful.
The easy digestibility of ice
cream, he continued, makes it a
good food for children and inva
QUESTION: I am informed that
iodine is necessary in poultry
feeds—could you advise me about
ANSWER: It is reputed that io
dine has a value in feeding chick
ens, but, as yet, very little re
search work has been done to de
termine its value. A deficiency
of iodine leads to goiter, but no
goiter has been reported in fowl.
Practically all poultry mashes
contain iodized salt and oyster
shells contain a certain quantity
of the iodine which probably ac
counts for the lack of goiter in
QUESTION: What fertilizer
should be used for growing an
early crop of sweet potatoes on
I sandy soil?
ANSWER: A mixture containing
3 per cent nitrogen, 8 per cent
phosphoric acid, and 8 per cent
potash is recommended. This
should be applied at the rate of
1,000 to 1,200 pounds to the
acre. For sandy loam soils of the
Coastal Plain where varieties
such as Nancy (Hall and Porto
Rico are grown for late harvests,
a 3-8-8 mixture applied at the
rate of 600 to 800 pounds an
acre will be best. Two-thirds
of the nitrogen should be secured
from inorganic sources and the
remaining from organic sources.
QUESTION: Can sileage be fed
to dairy cattle on pasture?
ANSWER: In summer or spring
feeding, sileage is used as a sup
plement to short pasture. When
the cattle are turned on pasture,
it is well to feed a reasonable
amount of sileage in the morning
for several days. This will pre
vent the cows from gorging
themselves on the tender, watery
grass. If this is not done the
animals are likely to develop
scours. This trouble will natur
ally mean a lowering in the milk
ATLANTA, Ga. . . . Otis Moore
(above), is mighty proud of the
fact that be is the only fanner
in the country working for the
President. Mr. Moore is farm
manager of President Roose
velt's Georgia farm. i
Controls Peach Rot
Brown rot is one of the most
common and destructive peach dis
eases in North Carolina.
Yet it can be controlled effec
tively and economically, said Dr.
Luther Shaw, extension plant path
ologist at State College.
The first step, he sai,d is to de
stroy all the mumified fruit in the
orchard, both on the trees and on
the ground. Either burn them or
bury them where they will decay.
Destruction of the mummies will
eliminate one of the main sources of
the parasite fungus that causes the
Lime-sulphur and wetable sul
phur makes good sprays for protec
ting peaches during the growing
season. Use 12 1-2 pounds of dry
mix lime-sulphur to SO gallons of
water, or 3 pounds of wetable sul
phur to SO gallons of water,
i Lime-sulphur and wetable sul
phur can be purchased ready for
use, or the former may be mixed at
home in the ratio of S pounds of
finely ground dusting sulphur to 7
pounds of hydrated lime with 1-2
pound of calcium caseinate.
For ordinary conditions, three ap
plications of the spray are recom
mended. The first should be about
four weeks after the blossom petals
have been shed. Four to six weeks
later spray again. The third ap
plication should be about 10 days
before the fruit is due to ripen.
However, if brown rot should ap
pear to any appreciable extent
shortly after the first application,
follow it with another spraying in
three weeks. This necessitates four
applications in all.
Sulphur dust will control rot al
most as effectively as lime-sulphur
spray, Dr. Shaw added. The dust
ing schedule is the same as the
• Watchman Classified Ads are
Nashville, Tenn.—S. P. Landis
asked chancery court for an injunc
tion to restrain his neighbor, A. N.
Estes, from keeping a rooster he
charged crows from midnight to
Landis complained it was the
second such fowl to disturb his
sleep, only the first one crowed a
little less loudly and not so often.
He added that Mrs. Landis silenced
the first rooster with a rifle and
paid the owner $5 damage.
The new rooster, Landis protest
ed, is much worse than the first and
crows lounder and more during the
night than a normal rooster and
on the night of April 7 crowed 13
times without interval.”
All of which, he said, is caus
ing the Landises loss of sleep.
The c»urt will look into the matter.
• Patronize Watchman Ad/er
Try CARDUI For
Functional Monthly Pain*
Women from the ’teen age
to the change of life have
found Cardui genuinely help
ful for the relief of functional
monthly pains due to lack
of Just the right strength from the
food they eat. Mrs. Crit Haynes, of,
Essex, Mo., writes: "I used Cardui
when a girl for cramps and found
It very beneficial. I have recently
taken Cardui during the change of
life. I was very nervous, had head
and back pains and was in a gen
erally run-down condition. Cardui
has helped me greatly.”
Thousands of women testify C&rdul bene
fited them. If it does not benefit YOU,
eonsult a physician.
WITH THE OPENING OF SPRING YOU WILL HAVE NO
MORE APPROPRIATE TIME TO MARK THAT LOVED
It will pay you to call at our show room and see the beautiful
memorials in marble and granite. There are many fine designs
from which to make selection . . . and they are very moderately
Salisbury Marble & Granite Co.
1305 South Main St. SALISBURY, N. C. Phone 359
Are BARGAIN TIMES on
"LONG DISTANCE" CALLS
Now the low rates in operation
for long distance telephoning after 7 P. M. apply all day
Sunday. This extension of night rates to all day Sunday
includes both Station - to - Station and Person-to-Person
calls to most points.
And now, too, new low rates apply on Person-to-Person
calls every night of the week after seven o’clock to those
points where the day Person-to-Person rate is more than
When you telephone out of town and will talk to anyone
at the number called—that is a Station-to-Station call.
But if you must talk to only one particular person, whose
name you give to the operator—that is a Person-to-Person
call. Full information on these classes of service, and
rates to many cities, will be found in the front pages of
Remember, Nights and Sundays are bargain times for
your long distance calls.
Scstcem Bell Telephone and Telegraph Co.
"The Good One"
Launderers and Dry Cleaneri
Phone 24 114 West Bank St.
ONE DAY SERVICE
DR. N. C. LITTLE
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
107 54 S. Main Street
Next to Ketchie Barber Shop
FRUITS and VEGETABLES
—FRESH EVERY DAY—
D. C. DE ADM ON’S
109 West Innes Street
Straightened and refinished to
look like new
129 S. Church Phone 1416
E. Carr Choate
Office Over Purcell Drug
Store No. 2
Office in Mocksville is Closed
IN ADDITION TO SUPPLYING YOUR OWN TABLE
THE GROWING OF
POTATOES and GARDEN TRUCK
Can be made a profitable business if you use the RIGHT
Zenith 5-7-5 Truck Guano
has balanced plant foods (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium
and magnesium) in the proper proportions to promote early
maturity of premium quality Vegetables.
Manufactured and Bagged in 50, 100 and 200 pound
ZENITH CHEMICAL CO.
SALISBURY, N. C.
BOX 618 PHONE 801
Carolina Watchman (Salisbury, N.C.)
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