North Carolina Newspapers

    Washington—One result of the
impeachment trial of Federal Judge
Halstead L. Ritter, by the Senate, ii
likely to be a revision of the rules
of both Houses of Congress under
which federal officials are tried on
charges of malfeasance in office.
For nearly three weeks all legisla
tive activity was suspended in the
Senate while that body sat as a trial
court. Seldom were there more than
a dozen Senators in attendance at
any one time during the presenta
tion of the evidence for and against
Judge Ritter. Not until the ques
tion of his guilt or innocence came
to the final vote was there anything
like a full attendance.
The feeling is general that the
procedure in impeachment cases is
perhaps the most solemn and seri
ous function delegated to Congress
under the Constitution, and that, no
matter how much it may impede
the process of legislation, the Senate
is performing its highest duty when
it sits as the court of final jurisdic
tion in impeachment trials.
Judge Ritter was accused of hav
ing improperly favored his former
law partner in an important receiv
ership, and of accepting money de
rived from the receivership fees. He
was acquitted on all of the specific
charges, put was convicted on the
final charge of conduct tend
ing to bring his court into scandal
and d'srepute. This automatically
removed him from the Federal
bench. '
Under the Constitution, the
House of Representatives has the
power to impeach any Federal offi
cial charged with "high crimes and
misdemeanors,” and the Senate has
the sole power to try the accused
official on the impeachment
Only thirteen times in the history
of the United States has a public
official been impeached, and in only
four cases has the impeached offi
cial been found guilty by the Sen
ate. One Federal Judge, John
Flickering, was found guilty in
1804, Judge West H. Humphreys
was impeached and convicted in
1862, Judge Robert W. Archibald
was found guilty in 1913, and
Judge Ritter's conviction makes
the fourth.
The most famous of all impeach
ment trials was that of President
Andrew Jackson, who was im
peached by the House of Repre
sentatives in 1867, but was acquit
ted by the Senate.
The vote by which Judge Ritter
was convicted was barely the two
thirds majority which the Consti
tution requires. It was not essen
tially a partisan vote. But there is
some criticism of the process of im
peachment trials arising from the
fact that a large proportion of the
Senators voting had not heard all
of the evidence.
It takes a long time to amend the
Senate rules, and, of course, im
peachment trials are so rare that
nothing may come of th- present
movement to change the rules so
as to permit the examination of the
evidence and the witnesses by a
special committee, whose findings
would then be submitted to the en
tire Senate for decision.
In the cases of those previously
found guilty under impeachment
proceedings, the verdict has been
accompanied by a prohibition
against the guilty official’s ever
again holding an office of trust un
der the Federal Government. That
clause was omitted from the verdict,
in Judge Ritter’s case.
The one really vitrl piece of leg
islation on which nie Senate will
have to act befor' adjournment, the
ijew corporation .ererve tax bill, has
not yet reached the upper House, j
That is not to say, however, that’
the tax problem has not been given!
serious consideration by members of!
the Senate Finance Committee. j
If the program which Senate
leaders have in view is carried out,
it seems probable that the new tax;
law will increase the general cor-!
poration income tax to perhaps 18
percent, and touch very lightly up
on corporate reserves.
The more the question of taxing
corporation reserves is stupid, the
more difficult it appears to find a
rule capable of general application.
A rate which might be fair in the
case of one corporation might be
ruinous to another corporation of
equal size. Therefore, the tendency
is to go very slowly and apply this!
(Continued on page two)
The Carolina Watchman |==3
Has Complete
Confidence Of:
Says Honesty is More
Important To Him
Than Being Elected
Clyde Hoey has the complete
confidence of the Roosevelt admin
istration,” declared Angus D. Mc
Lean, former United States Assist
ant Attorney General, as he intro
duced the candidate for Governor to
his audience at Washington, N. C.,
during Mr. Hoey’s second campaign
tour into the East.
Clyde Hoey is a man of char
acter, ability and experience—the
sort of man we need as Governor of
our State,” continued Mr. Mc
Lean, speaking to one of the largest
political audiences ever established
in Beaufort County. Every seat
and every foot of standing room in
the courthouse was occupied while
around 300 others listened to the
speech through loud speakers, rigged
up on the lawn outside.
"We are not yet out of woods,”
Mr. McLean said, "either in North
Carolina or the nation. The great
problem of agricultural production
inj industrial unemployment re
main to be solved and both are of
great importance to North Carolina
with its balance between farming
and manufacture.
Mr. Hoey lives in a county
which has a high place in both ag
riculture and industry. It is im
portant the the people of the entire
State to know that in his county he
has the full confident of all those
who know him—both the union
and non-union workers in the mill
as well as the men on the farm.”
Mr. McLean’s introduction was
one of the high lights of Mr. Hoey’s
successful week in the East. He
spoke in Columbia, Williamston,
Washington, Dilson, Lumberton,
and Smithfield and made stops at
numerous other towns, where he •
greeted his friends and discussed the '
campaign with his local managers.
The candidate for the Demo
cratic nomination for* Governor
continued his frank approach to
the problem of the sales tax.
"Political promises are one thing,
accomplishments are another”, he
said. "The man who says he will
remove the sales tax in its entirety
at this time is making a promise he
cannot carry out—unless he is will
ing to cripple the schools and put
the tax back on land. I am not
willing to do that.
I realize the unpopularity of the ,
sales tax. I believe that the time
has come to take it off the necessi
ties of life. But I cannot promise
my support to an effort to repeal it ’
altogether until we have advanced
further along the road to recovery.
"I am not going to make you any
false promises in an effort to get ,
your vote. I don’t have to be
Governor of North Carolina but I ,
do have to maintain my integrity.
"Honesty is more important to ,
ne than election.” i j
- 1
Chapel Hill.—W. C. Kluttz, of j
Salisbury, made the scholastic!!
honor roll at the University of (
North Carolina here last quarter, i
according to a report just released i
by Dr. G. K. G. Henry, Assistant
Registrar. !
To make the honor roll a student a
must make an average of B (90 to j
95) on all of his courses, and a a
total of 3 54 University studentsjc
attained that high standard during
the past (winter) quarter. t
If you have never had ariy fail- a
ura* or disappointments, you will t
not enjoy fully the thrills of sue- j i
cess. Life would be too smooth if 1
it had not rubs in it. j i
m A 4COAOH * FORiCTNDfRELLA ~ 6»lie«n M
fl Moore’s $800,000 doll house, on '•^national Bfrf'
ii tourer the benefit of crippled children,'o#taB~ ^
V •'.tiny' coach to" match. It was presented byB^il
boys of the Fisher Body Craftsman's Guild,■gB'
:■ whose secretary, William 8. McLean, Is seenRH
P| turning It over to the aotreaa.1_Hint
... .'^1 wlL*:--aHKKU
•o Kuf-I
NAPING—Martin Sehloss-I
man, who confessed to com-1
'plicity In tbs'kidnaping of I
Paul Wendel, disbarred at-®
torney, whose kidnaping®
and subsequent false con-jjj
fesslon to Lindbergh crime I
created a sensation priori
to the electrocution of I
Bruno Hauptmann. I
—4-year-old Joseph Hagen
of Jerseyville, III., who was
severely burned by two
I playmates who readily ad
mitted torturing young
Hagen with a hot wire,
stripping and beating him.
Many of the thirty burns
Incurred were close to the
—One of the season’s Hf
smartest, is worn by Phyl-1||
lis Brooks, young picture
star. The skirt and ascot &
scarf are of red linen dot- B
ted with white “bull’s ■
eyes.” The shirtwaists
blouse is made of heavy 'l
white linen. Red leather Is
used to pipe and buckle
the white leather belt _
r \*
— FRANK WALKER, notedj
l$ij golf authority, now on ex-||
\ hibition tour, sets the|§
1 stage for his spectacularp
k Golden Wedding “High'
A Ball” shot, in which he
II drives four balls in rapid
W succession off the narrow
I neck of the bottle which
gave the famous trick shot
its name.
MINE—Scene of the disas
ter which entombed three
men in a gold mine in
Moose River, N. S., during
an inspection tour on Eas
ter Sunday.
Farmers May Repossess
Cotton Held In Loans
Farmers who obtained govern
■nent loans on their 1934-3 5 cotton
ire now given opportunity to re
josses and sell it at their pleasure.
County agents have been supplied
ivith forms on which farmers may
*et back their cotton now held by
:he government as security for
oans, said J. F. Criswell, of State
College. „
Cotton on which 12-cent loans
vere made may be obtained for 2 5
Joints less than the average price
jf 7-8 inch middling cotton on the
10 spot markets of the country for
:he preceding market day.
Cotton on which 11-cent loans
vere made can be bought back for
125 points less than the average
narket price on the preceding day.
Flowever, Criswell stated, no 12
:ent-loan cotton will be released
or less than 11.25 cents a pound,
nd none of the 11-cent-loan cot
on will be released for less than
0.25 cents a pound.
In this way, he said, the govern
nent is giving the farmers opport
inity to get back their cotton and
narket it at a profit through the
egular channels of trade.
They may sell it in any way
hey see fit, but it will be to their
dvantage to sell it where they will
et the full market price, including
11 premiums which their particular
otton should bring.
Instructions for repossessing cot
on held by the government are
irinted on the back of the forms,
nd will be explained to the grow
rs by their county agents, who
vill -supply them with fora* and
ielp them in any way necessary,
She "Showed ’Em”
i COLUMBIA, Mo. . . . She is
; an exquisite blonde. She is an
Arts and Science student at the
University of Missouri. Her name
is Miss Louise Carroll . . . and
they’ve crowned her the Tiger’s
most beautiful co-ed
Dr. Gaither Cauble, popular
Chiropractor of this city will at
tend the State Convention of the
N. C. Chiropractor’s Association
which convenes at Albemarle, N.
C., on May 6 and 7. Dr. Cauble
will be back to resume his work
here Friday May 8 th.
Nick: "My car has a 100 mule
power motor in it.”
George: "You mean 100 horse
power, don’t you.”
Nick: "No, don’t. It always
balks just when I’m in the biggest
"Can you define a picnic?”
"A picnic is a day set aside to get
better acquainted with ants, bugs,
j worms, mosquitos, chiggers, sand
] flies and poison ivy.”
There goes another married man,”
said the girl at the candy counter.
"What makes you think so?”
asked the next customer in line.
"He used to buy a two-pound
box of candy once a week and now
he buys a one-pound box twice a
Head Clerk: "I am very sorry
to hear of your partner’s death.
Would you like me to take his
Manager: "Very much, if you
can get the undertaker to arrange
He: Did anyone remark on the'
way you handled your new car?
She: One man made a brief re
He: What was it?
She: Five dollars and costs.
Lawyer: I must know the whole
truth before I can successfully de
fend you. Have you told me
Prisoner: Except where I hid the
money. I want that for myself.
A young lady who had never |
seen a game of baseball attended,
one with her escort.
"Isn’t that pitcher grand?” she
said. "He hits their bats no mat
' ter how they hold them.”
Five Meals Are
Yale Professor Declares
Efficiency Increased
10 Per Cent
Kansas City—Increase your ef
ficiency by eating five meals ;
day» suggests Dr. Howard W. Hag
gard, Yale professor of appliec
psychology who supports his sug
gestions with proof from three
years of experimentation.
Europeans understand the value
of multiple meals and only in Am
erica and in the Orient are three
meals or less the custom he points
Haggard recently outlined the
experiments from which he drew
his conclusions. Among them was
an experiment in which 317 girl
employes of a shoe factory were
tested by the applied psychology
laborator at Yale .
Efficiency lags during mid
morning and mid-afternoon had
been noted and it was deduced
that the body was burning less
fuel during the slack periods.
Those girls who went to work
at 8 a. m., were given a mid
morning meal of bananas and milk
at 10:30. They ate their regulai
lunches at noon and at 3:30 agair
received bananas and milk.
This diet promptly ended th<
mid-morning and mid-afternoor
lags in efficiency, experimenter:
found. Final results showed a 1C
per cent increase in efficiency.
Bananas were chosen because of
their sugar content and because
with their natural covering, the
workers could eat them most con
"The objection has been raised
that five meals a day constitute
overeating and overloads the
stomach,” Haggard said. "But the
fact is that the workers consumed
no more food in five meals than
they did ordinarily in three. It is
not the frequency of eating which
overloads the stomach. Patients
with weak stomachs because of
gastric ailments are sometimes fed
every two hours.
New Buildings
Will Be Erected
On Campus
(From The Pioneer)
A committee of the faculty com
posed of Dr. Bruce A. Wentz, who
is chairman, Dr. Raymond Jenkins,
Dr. W. Augusta Lantz, Professor
William G. Cleaver and Miss Vir
ginia Foil has been formed to draw
up a plan for future development
of the campus, to be submitted to
a similar committee of the Trustees.
When the two committees agree on
a plan, it is to be presented to the
Board of Trustees for adoption.
This committee will study the pro
per location of the various college
buildings which will have to be
constructed in the next twenty-five
to forty years.
Plans are being drawn up by
Charles F. Knott of Durham,
North Carolina for the construc
tion of two faculty homes on the
Student Creates Organ
With Junk-Heap Material
Princeton, N. J.—The University (
of Princeton chapel organ has a ri-j
val because John J. Osborn, a
freshman, of Garrison-on-Hudson,1
N. Y., knows how to hitch up a
vacuum cleaner, a bottle of salt
waiter, some electric bulbs, and a
few odds and ends.
Osborn, noted on the camjnis for
his inventions of devices that close
dormitory windows on cold morn-]
ings, and fill a glass with water j
and serve it at the bedside, doesn’t
Survey Being
Made Of Need
For Eastern
Unit In State
Funds Will Be Allotted
If Federal Board
WASHINGTON, April 29.—
Representative John H. Kerr of the
second North Carolina district was
informed by Veteran’s Adminis
trator Frank T. Hines today that a
survey is being made of the possi
bility of building a veterans’ hos
pital in eastern North Carolina,
and that a hearing will be called
soon by the Federal hospitalization
The North Carolinians showed
that 50 per cent of the 95,108 vet
erans in the State have no hospital
facilities acessible. The average dis
tance from the eastern seaboard to
Oteen hospital near Asheville, is
j from 300 to 400 miles, it is set
out. Oteen hospital is largely for
S tuberculosis cases and is so far
from the bulk of the veteran pop
ulation that emergency cases suffer.
The Tar Heels are seeking a hospi
tal at a centrally located site east
■ of Raleigh.
j If the Federal board approves, a
(portion of the $21,500,000 author
ized by the President for veterans’
. hospitals will be allotted^ or an
appropriation will be asked,
j North Carolina, with a popula
tion of 3,170,276 and 95,108 vet
'erans, has only one veterans’ hospi
, tal. Virginia, having a veteran pop
ulation of 78,65 5, has two units.
Tennessee, which has 78,496 vete
rans, has two units. The only
other accessible unit aside from
Oteen is at Columbia, S. C., which
serves South Carolina’s 52,162 vet
j The advocates of the new hospi
tal declare that veterans needing
attention have not enough money
for transportation to hospitals.
The delegation has prepared a
map to show that east of Mecklen
burg, Iredell, Davie, Yadkin and
Surry counties there is a population
cf 2,148,272, of whom 64,463 are
war veterans.
Music Lover: "That tenor has
a wonderful voice; he can hold one
of his notes for half a minute.”
Banker: "That’s nothing. I’ve
held one of his notes for two years.”
south side of Summit Avenue and
West Innes Street, opposite the
Newton Apartment and the home
of Dr. Allen K. Faust. These
homes will by occupied by Dr.
Raymond Jenkins and Dr. David
E. Fkust. They will be one and a
half story buildings; each will con
tain seven rooms and be equipped
with all modern conveniences. They
will be built during the summer
and will be ready for occupancy
next fall. The second floor of the
faculty apartment will be used as a
girls’ dormitory.
explain in detail jilst how he made
his organ.
He said he paid $8 for an old
fashioned pedal organ, grew tired
of pedalling and listening to its
feeble and equeaky tones, and de
cided to build a modern instrument.
First he obtained a vacuum cleaner,
then an automobile radiator hose.
He rigged up a switch, improvised
a rheostat from the bottle of salt
water and some wires and then per
fected a tone regulator from a heat
er ctJil and the riectric bulbs.

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