North Carolina Newspapers

    The Carolina Watchman G=S
Washington, D. C.—With the
nominating conventions of the
major parties over and the work of
the 74th Congress finished, Wash
ington is settling down to the seri
ous business of Presidential politics.
Those whio are trying to dope out
what will happen next November
find, on surveying the political
scene, a considerable amount of
wreckage and a number of new
factors, the importance and effect
of which cannot at this time be
accurately estimated.
The session of Congress ended
with a victory for the President in
the new tax bill. The Senate had
rejected the principle he advocated
of taxing undistributed corporation
reserves, but administration pres
sure on the lower House resulted in
a threatened deadlock, in the' face
iof which the Senate yielded. An
entirely new principle of taxation
has been placed on the statute books
and business is disturbed over its
possible connequences. The one
certain thing about the new tax
law at this time is that it makes it
more difficult for corporations to
conserve their resources against fu
ture depressions.
Just before it quit, Congress gave
the President another billion and a
half dollars for relief. This will
carry on relief work on the present
scale until about February, so one
of the first jobs of the new Con
gress, which will convene on Janu
ary 3, will be to do something
quick about Federal relief.
Many legislative measures, which
important pressure groups regarded
as of vital importance, died in the
last-minute rush to adjourn. It
must be remembered, however, that
while bills die, the pressure blocs
still live, and their efforts will be
renewed in the next Conress. The
substitute Guffey coal bill, the
Administration’s food and drugs
bill, and Senator Wagner’s Federal
housing bill were among the cas
ualties. The anti-price-discrimina
f\ tion law aimed at chain stores, as
finally enacted, is not regarded as,
likely to have any"serious effect ex-j
cept that it puts added powers into
the hands of the Federal Trade
Commission to regulate business.
The ship subsidy bill, passed in
the closing hours, is designed to
build up the American merchant
mariens by direct subsidies instead
of subterfuge payments for carry
ing mail. Under this act it may
be possible for America at last to
put a ship or two on the seas which
will rival the great European liners.
One really important bill which
fell short of enactment was the
measure designed to put all post
masters under Civil Service regula
tions. It was fought by Republi
cans on the ground that it would
keep thousands of politically ap
pointed Democratic postmasters in
loffice for life, and labor opposition
gave many Democrats an excuse for
voting against it.
Political experts are not yet in
agreement as to the effect on the
election of the formation of the
new Union Party, headed by Repre
sentative William Lemke of North
Dakota as its presidential candidate
and Thomas C. O’Brien of Boston
for vice-president. There is a
strong feeling that this new third
party movement is to be taken seri
ously. It has the support of Father
Coughlin, the Detroit "Radio
Priest,” and of Dr. F. E. Town
send, founder of the old-age revolv
ing pension plan. Mr. Lemke has
been the leader of the agrarian in
flationist bloc in Congress, and is
the co-sponsor of the Frazier
Lemke farm mortgage bill.
Nobody can determine yet what
the ultimate effect on the election
will be of the walk-out headed by
former Gov. Alfred E. Smith. Mr.
Smith, with Bainbridge Colby,
former Senator James A. Reed,
former Gov. Joseph B. Ely of Mas
sachusetts, and Daniel B. Cohalan,
one of the most powerful figures
in Tammany Hall, signed a com
munication to the Democratic Na
tional Convention denouncing Mr.
Roosevelt as not being a true De
mocrat. While some such action
was not unexpected on the part of
Gov. Smith, it is still a question
how far conservative Democrats of
the old school will follow this lead
The promise of the Republican,
leaders to conduct an aggressive
(Continued on page Four) t
__ S-f
McDonald 4ses
Many Friends By
Lowbrow Tactics
Eighty'Five Counties Will Go For Hoey
"'Majority Placed At 100,000
Rowan To Give
Hoey Huge Lead
Based on reports gathered from
all sections of the State this week,
Clyde R. Hoey will receive the
Democratic nomination for Gov
ernor Saturday by a huge majority
over his opponent Ralph W. Mc
These reports indicate:
(1) That Hoey’s majority will
approximate 100,000.
(2) That Noey will carry 85
counties in the state.
(3) That (Hoey will receive at
least 7J per cent of the Graham
(4) That Rowan County will go
go for Hoey much stronger than
« did m the first primary, giving
jHoey severa1 thousand majority.
I luvi^viwia -
—-Jms reacted unfavorably and he
has lost many of bis most ardent
supporters in the first primary, in
ceding several daily newspapers.
Desperate, because he trailed in
che first primary, and realizing that
the odds are stacked mountain
high against him, he has lost thou
sands of friends because of his ab
surd and untrue attacks on the
character of Clyde R. Hoey, his
Wilmington.—"Faced with de
feat by a people who have become
disgusted with his gutter tactics,
Ralph McDonald’s henchmen are
now resorting to all manner of
falsehoods in their final, frantic ef
forts to save their man,” declared
Clyde R. Hoey, leading candidate
for the Democratic nomination for
Governor, in an address here Wed
nesday night.
Hoey referred especially to a
letter which he said had been sent
McDonald’s local managers to be
used in an effort "to poison the
minds of the people.”
The letter stated that he had de
livered an address to the Memphis,
Tenn., Fair Tax association on Jan
uary 12, 1934, and quoted him as
making "preposterous tax and li
quor proposals” for North Caro
lina. It was signed "Fair Tax
League of North Carolina.”
"In the first nlace ” said Hnev.
"there is no such league as far as
anybody ever heard of. Of course,
what McDonald’s henchmen were
trying to do was to fool the people
into believing that the letter was
signed by the Fair Tax association.
In the second place, I never made
a speech in Memphis in my life and
haven’t been there for 1^ years.
And, finally, I never made any such
idiotic proposals in my life,
"Now, McDonald and his cam
paign leaders know that. Yet they
either send out such falsehoods or
allow them to be sent out with the
deliberate purpose of deceiving the
people. That is the kind of cam
paign they are waging.
"North Carolina can thank God
that the people of our State found
him out in time.”
Port Clinton, O.—Business must
be heavier since rubbish is, reason
ed Martin Cartstensen, street com
missioner, as he reflected that pick
ups now exceed any in his memory.
21 Dead In Texas Flood
Tiny Creek
Wrecks Train
And Houses
14-Inch Rain Falls Over
night in Some Areas—
Property Loss Above
One Million Dollars.
Hundreds of Head of
Cattle Drowned.
San Antonio, Texas. July 1.—
Collapsing houses and wrecking a
freight train in a 200-mile strip, a
south Texas flood caused a mount
ing detaith toll listed at 21 tonight.
At least 14 persons were missing.
Damage to cotton and corn
crops was tremendous, growers re
ported. Hundreds of cattle per
The rise of normally placid
streams after two days of heavy
rains was so swift that many fam
ilies were trapped in their homes.
The flood damage was particularly!
severe in the area about San Marcos,!
between Austin and San Antonio
and to •’he south.
Men, women and children per
ished in some cases after clinging
as long as they could to the wreck
age of houses being swept away.
Others were rescued from treetops.
Culpepper, Va.—The family of
Reginald B. Gilbert, thought dead,
rejoiced at his "return to life.”
The world war veteran, the son
of J. C. Gilbert, was believed by
his family to have died in the
Florida hurricane which swept
through a CCC veterans camp on
the Florida keys last fall.
He came home this past week
The veteran said he was injured
in the storm and had been treated
in several hospitals since that time.
He said he had n£ idea he was
counted as dead.
And Now the Shooting Begins j
n_- "
! WASHINGTON , . . Here are the political field generals who now
swing into action, ordering advances on all fronts to win the 1936
Presidential election. ... On the left is John D. M. Hamilton, chairman
of the Republican National Committee and right, James J. Farley,
chairman of the Democratic National Committee. Their preliminary
skirmishes, following Hamilton’s assuming control for Landon and
Knox were followed closely and with interest by political observers.
Record Of Elections And Primaries
Here is a record of the most im
portant contests, in elections and
Democratic primaries in North
Carolina, in the last eight years:
1928 Election
(Hoover- 348,923
Smith _ 286,227
Gardner __ 362,009
Seawell _ 289,415
1930 Democratic Primary
U. S. Senator:
Bailey_ 200,242
Simmons_ 129,875
1930 Election
BaiJiey _ 324,393
Pritchard _210,761
1932 Democratic Primaries
First Primary, U. S. Senator:
Reynolds _ 156,548
Morrison _ 143,179
Bowie_ 37,748
Grist- 31,010
First Primary, Governor:
Ehringhaa* _ 162,498
Maxwell--- 102,032
Second Primary, .U. S. Senator:
Reynolds _; 227,864
Morrison _ 120,428
Second Primary, Governor:
Ehringhaus- 182,05 5
Fountain _ 168,971
1932 Election
Roosevelt - 497,566
Hoover- 208,344
U. S. Senator:
Reyonlds_ 484,048
Newell _ 221,534
Ehringhaus _ 497,657
Frazier _ 212,561
1933 Repeal Referendum
18th (Prohibition) Amendment
For Reapeul - 120,190
Against repeal- 293,484
193 6 First Democratic Primary
U. S. Senator:
Bailey _ 247,365
Fountain _ 184,197
Griffin _ 26,171
Strain_ 13,281
Boey_ 193,972
McDonald- 189,504
Graham_ 126,782
McRae _, 6,606
Lieu tenant-Governor:
Paul D. Grady_162,221
W. P. Horton _____ 138,631
George McNeill- 128,661
Secretary of State:
Stacey Wade-212,687
Thad Eure-- 168,970
M. R. Dunnagan — 5 5,192
In the first 1936 primary each
of these candidates received a ma
jority and therefore became the
Democratic nominee: J. W. Bailey
(U. S. Senator), George Ross Pou
(Auditor), Charles M. Johnson
(Treasurer), Clyde A. Erwin
(Superintendent of Public Instruc
tion), W. Kerr Scott (Commis
sioner of Agriculture).
Rome.—Premier Mussolini has
ordered several contingents of the
Italian army in Ethiopia to come
The 'order was regarded as a
gesture to show the "pacification”
of Ethiopia under Italian rule prior
to tomorrow’s session of the Lea
gue of Nation’s assembly at Gen
One of the first*' units to come
home wilLbe the Gavinana division,
one of the first to go to Ethiopia.
Says Absentee Ballots
To Set Record July 4th.
Raleigh.—R. C. Maxwell, execu
tive secretary of the State board of
elections, predicted a record number
of absentee ballots will be cast in
the second Democratic primary.
Maxwell said he had mailed
110,000 absentee blanks—the larg
est number ever sent out in North
Carolina—to county election offi
cials. Already, there has been some
call for an additional supply.
For the first Democratic primary
June 6, only 35,000 absentee bal
lots were mailed by the State elec
tion board.
The secretary attributed the in
creased demand to the fact that,
for the first time, the second prim
ary will fall on the Fourth of July.
The smaller counties in the State
each got 500 blanks and some of
the larger ones got as many as 3,
000 Maxwell said.
Within the last few days, 6,000
pamphlets have been mailed to pre
cinct and county board of election
officials explaining the method of
counting the absentee ballots and
warning against violations of the
voting laws.
• Watchman Classified Ads are
Profit Producers.
J. Ed Butler, Morganton attor
ney, who is the first candidate to
enter the race for the presidency of
the Young Democratic Clubs of
North Carolina, which meet in
convention at Greensboro July 17
5 Persons Die
In Bus Wreck
Natural Bridge, Va., July 1.—
Death came swiftly to five of 34
persons aboard a huge bus which
skidded on wet pavement, crashed
into a bank and overturned last
midnight only a few yards from
the 215-foot gorge spanned by the
famous Natural Bridge of Virginia.
Seven others were injured seriously
enough to require hospital treat
Rum Car With 25
Gallons of Warm
Whiskey Nabbed
Nabbing a rum car with 15 gal
lons of corn whiskey and the driv
er, T. D. Freeman of the county,
here Sunday morn in?, Deputy
Sheriff A. J. Shuping of Rowan
found to his surprise that the
whiskey was still warm.
"The heat was not from the
weather «ther,” the deputy stated
gfgy'htlsrtgK, r "It was made in
this”Jounty—right off the worm,”
so to speak.
The driver was given eight
months on the roads in county
court Mbnday or pay a fine of $75
and the costs and the car confiscat
Escaped Prisoner
Is Identified By
Mernlory of photographs of crim
inals stood David Shuler, patrolman
of the Salisbury police force, in
good stead Tuesday when he recog
nized a likeness of a negro to a re
cent escaped convict.
Shuler hook George Jones to
headquarters and he was identified
as having escaped from the Surry
county camp on March 12, 1936,
after having been sentenced to three
years for breaking and entering in
Wake county in February, 1936.
I I '
I-—— -
Dr. Gaither Cauble, a native lof
Rowan county, and a believer in
good health, has opened an office in
Kannapolis in connection with his
office in Salisbury.'
Dr. Cauble after attending Duke
University, Durham, graduated
from the University of Natural
Healing Arts of'Denvet, Colorado
After practicing several years ir
trctherapy in the Los Angeles Col
lege of Chirotherapthic fpr ten
years. He also interned at the
Coaghland and Schuster Clinic in
Hollywood, California.
Dr. Cauble specializes in. consti
pation, rheumatism and chronic
conditions. He uses the latest me>
thjods and equipment known to the
G. O. P.
Two youngsters visited the zoo
after making a thorough study of
pictures of animals.
They identified the camel, the
lion, the zebra, and many others;
but when they came to the ele
phant there was an argument.
"That is an elephant,” declared
the elder.
"So, it isn’t” said his brother.
"That’s a Gop. I’ve seen his picture
many times and it alwavs has its
name on its side in big letters—
G. O. P.”
Bank Debits Show
Striking Increase
Washington.—Political orators
who during the last "five long
days” have been extolling the ac
complishments of the New Deal
under President Roosevelt could
have found material for the thous
ands of enthusiastic Democrats on
hand in the Philadelphia convention
had they examined bank debits for
the past week compared with the
same period a year ago.
The debits for the fifth Federal
Reserve district which includes
Charlotte, were $262,487,000 for
the week ended June 24, while for
the corresponding week a year ago
debits were $217,771,000, a gain
of $44,716,000. Hor the same
week of 1934 the sum was $194,
488,000, which is a decided increase
over 1933 when the New Deal was
pulling the banks of the country
from the slough of the depression.
Palo Alto, Cal.—One class which
Palo Alto high schcjol students
didn’t "cut” was that of moving
picture appreciation. Leading films
were shown. A total of 1,327
students, or 90 per cent of the en
tire enrollment, attended.
Flies Million Miles
" ■ -—
(above) has completed one million
miles of flying, as stewardess on
the United Air Lines, the greatest
number of miles ever flown by a
woman. Now she is retiring to be
come a bride.
Coldwater, Mich.—Pulling out a
cow’s tail cost George Washing
ton, 3 3-year-told Negro, a fouryear
reformatory sentence. Washington
was arraigned before Circuit Judge
Russel McPeek on a charge of
cruelty to animals.

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