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0 / 75
The most expensive political
campaign in the nation’s history
/ comes to an end next Tuesday.
More money will have been spent
by both parties in the National,
Senatorial, Congressional, state and
local campaigns than ever before.
That is not to imply that there
is anything improper in the spend
ing of money by political organi
zations for election purposes. It
costs money to pay the expenses of
speakers, to pay for advertising in
newspapers and on billboards, to
buy time on the air, to print book
lets. circulars and badges by the
rpn- nf millions, and t-n rUa
wages of employees.
All of these expenses so far as
they relate to national offices,
Presidential, Senatorial or Congres
sional, are required to be reported
to the proper officials in Washing
ton in detail, and particular pains
are taken to scrutinize them with
great care and frequently to in
vestigate them afterward. Since the
passage of the ccyrrup* practices
act, more than 20 years ago, in
stances have been very rare of im
proper or fraudulent use of money
in elections for such purposes as
bribing voters or concealing the
expenditure of campaign funds.
Practically all of the states re
quire reports of campaign expendi
tures made on behalf of state,
county and municipal officers, so
that it is increasingly difficult for
any party, however well organized
and financed, to buy an election.
Thprp is nr^fViino- n cr fViPrp
fore, in the fact that this year’s
political campaigners, taken alto
gether, will run to around $2 5,
THE MONEY SPENT
Of this amount the Republican
National Committee is expected to
report the eexpenditure of $8,3 36,
000, which is the largest amount
ever spent by any party in a presi
dential campaign, except in 1928,
when the Republican National
Committee spent $9,443,000 and
the Democratic National Commit
tee, $7,152,511. This year the De
mocratic National Committee ex
penditures will run around $3,
000,000. The Senatorial and Con
gressional Committees of the two
■ major parties are expected to spend
about $500,000 each.
Senatorial and Congressional
candidates’ personal expenditures
will run to about $2,000,000. The
minor parties, Union, Socialist,
Communist, Prohibition, Farmer
T.ahnr. etc., will orobablv spend
among them about $3,000,000.
State, county and local campaigns
will account for another $8,000,
One of the reasons for the heavy
expenditure this year is the great
increase in the number of voters
whom every candidate and com
mittee is trying to reach and in
fluence. The addition of more
than a million to the registered
vote of New York State led to the
calling of a special session of the
legislature last week for the pur
pose of enacting a law permitting
the polls to remain open several
hours later than the established
closing time of 5 o’clock.
If the efforts of the various
campaign committees to get out
the full vote are successful, the
probability is that in many of the
crucial states ana cities the process
of counting the ballots will neces
sarily be prolonged. It is, therefore,
quite possible that the nation will
not “know definitely who has been
elected President until well along
on Wednesday morning, Nov. 4.
In the cities which use voting
machines, such as New York, Buf
falo and many of the larger cities
of the Middle West, the total vote
is normally completely tabulated
and recorded within an hour after
the close of the polls. But with the
extension of voting time in New
York and the probability that it
will be necessary to resort to paper
ballots to supplement the work of
the voting machines, the way is
paved for a long delay in the re
ports from this and other vitaj
centers of election night interest.
THE STRAW VOTE POLLS
In no previous campaign has
there been such an extensive use
of the method of trying to fore
cast the election by means of poll;
or "straw'votes.” One enterprising
r V newspaper, the Cleveland News
conducted what it calls a "poll tc
end all polls.” That newspaper dis
covered that no less than 3,00/
(Continued on page four)
The Carolina Watchman
_.A NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE UPBUILDING OF ROWAN COUNTY
FOUNDED 1332— 10ITF YEAR_ SALISBURY, N. C„ FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 30, 1936 " VOL. 104 NO. 14 PRICE 2 CENTS
Dickinson, Doughton Here Tonight
Democratic Leaders Pre
dict Largest Majority
In County’s History.
Hon. John Dickinson, Assistant
Attorney General of the United
States, and Hon. R. L. Doughton,
Congressman from this District
land Chairman of the Ways and|
jMeans Committee, will be th<>!
I headliners at a Democratic rally in,
! the County Courthouse tonight,1,
beginning at 8 o’clock.
Mr. Dickinson will be presented!
to the audience by Congressman j
Doughton. Democratic leaders ex-1
pect the largest crowd of thej.
campaign to attend the speaking.|]
Mr. Dickinson was for several
years Assistant Secretary of the ,
United States Department of Com- ]
merce and former law partner of;
(William G. McAdoo. Considered
I one of the leading spokesmen of ]
I the Administration, Mr. Dickinson
, will bring an inspiring message
from the Nation’s Capital. Every
one is most cordially invited to at
Success for the county, state and
national tickets was freely predict
ed in local political circles this la
week. Rowan county, it is believ
ed, will give the entire Democratic
ticket a majority of over 5,000 itj
is forecast. 1
I An unusually heavy vote is pre
dicted, in fact, the largest in his- 1
itory is forecast, for the county,;)
The final Democratic rally will
I be held Monday night at 8 o’clock
jin the county courthouse. Walter
Murphy will be the headliner for ,
I this event. Other talks will be i
I made by the Democratic nominees J
j of the county and also by leading (
I Democrats in Salisbury and Rowan i
I county. Elaborate plans are being
made for the finals,
j Walter H. Woodson, Jr., Chair- (
man of the Rowan County Demo
cratic Executive Committee, who ,
has been untiring in his activities (
in behalf of the Democratic party (
flip nasf spvpral month*;, nrprhrf*;
1 . J
an overwhelming victory for the ,
entire Democratic ticket in Rowan
l county. 1
NEARLY 6,500 MOTORISTS
LOSE DRIVERS LICENSES
■ Raleigh.—Revocations of licen
' ses of automobile drivers for law i
violations neared 6,500 Wednesday i
as the first year of operation of i
■ the new law neared an end.
Through Tuesday 6,477 persons j
i had lost their permits, most of them i
for drunken driving. i
The Watchman prints below the
:ounty, state and national ticket
:o be voted in the election Nov. 3.
National Democratic Ticket
"or President and Vice President—
7ranklin D. Roosevelt; John Gar
State Democratic Ticket
Governor—Clyde R. Hoey.
Lieut. Governor—Wilkins P.
Serrpfarv nf *\tarp-TTharl Fmi-a
Auditor—George Ross Pou
Treasurer—Charles M. Johnson
Supt. Instruction—Clyde A. Er
Attorney General—A. A. Sea
Com. Agriculture—W. Kerr
Com. Labor—A. L. Fletcher
Ins. Commissioner—Dan C.
Associate Justice Supreme Court
—George W. Connor, William A.
Judge Superior Court 10th Dis
rict—Marshall T. Spears; 15th
District, Frank M. Armstrong
U. S. Senator—Josiah W. Bailey
Congress, 9th District—Robert
County Democratic Ticket
Senator—Edwin C. Gregory
Flouse—Walter Murphy, George
Trial Justice—W. V. Harris
Register of Deeds—W. D. Kiz
Auditor—J. E. (Pat) Haynes
Sheriff-J. H. Krider
Prosecuting Attorney—John C.
County Commissioners—T. M.
Syrd, C. A. Long, O. L. Linn, R.
Bernhardt, Jim T. Graham
Continued on page 5
Sheriff Told To
Let Games Of
Sheriff J. H. Krider of Rowan
ounty was served with a tempor
iry restraining order Wednesday
fternoon from interfering with
he operation of games and devices
• 1*11 1
viuvi idinuivm, aim aniuoc
nent” at the Rowan county fair
vhich is under way this week.
The order was signed Tuesday in
Winston-Salem by Judge Frank
Armstrong and is returnable on
November 9 at Statesville before
udge P. A. McElroy.
It was stated in the complaint
hat these games and devices were
he same that were run at the State
air in Raleigh and at the fair in
Winston-Salem a<icf that they were
lermitted to run after being inves
igated by officers and not being
Washington.—Close political ob
' servers here predict another land
slide for Roosevelt November 3rd
The election outcome next Tues
day has been sized up as follows it
political circles here:
Total electoral vote_53:
Necessary to elect_26<
! Roosevelt, more than nec
1 essary _10!
It is predicted that Roosevel
will carry all of the pivotal states
including New York, Pennsylvania
i Illinois, Ohio, Indiana, the entir
south, Calfornia and a majority o
■ the western states, the Literary Di
■ gest to the contrary notwithstand
'j Landon is given the New Eng
land states and a sprinkling of the
| western states. Only one question
; | mark is outstanding in the poll.
jThat is the state of New York,
i Some observers who predict a land
1 slide for Roosevelt are of the opin
ion that the President will not carry
• New York. Other observers be
: lieve New York is in the bag for
, the President. Should Landon
, carry New York, he would still be
: shy many electorial college votes
f necessary to elect.
| Turn Faces Toward Home To Vote As Campaign Ends
Most recent pictures of Democratic and Republican Presidential candidates with their wives as they turned
their faces toward home town voting boot’..’! to cast their ballots in the national election, next Tuesday.
President and Mrs. Roosevelt go to Hyde Park, N. Y., while Governor and Mrs. Landon go to Indepen
dence, Kans. President Roosevelt may receive returns in New York City. After voting, Governor Lan
don will return to the state capital in Topeka, to receive the returns.
On U. S. Loans
admnistration otficials said North!
Carolina farmers had paid $400,
000 this fall on loans advanced j
them last spring to finance the!
planting of crops. Although mostj
of the loans were not due for be
tween two and five years, in local
ities where tobacco, cotton, and
potato crops have been good many
rehabilitation clients have pafd their
debts in full, George S. Mitchell,
regional RA director said.
The United States
Washington.—Presidents of the
United States in the orders in
which they served:
1 George Washington.
2— John Adams.
3— Thomas Jeffarson.
4— James Madison.
5— James Monroe.
6— John Quincy Adams.
7— Andrew Jackson.
8— Martin Van Buren.
9— William Henry Harrison.
10— John Tyler.
11— James K. Polk.
12— Zachary Taylor.
113—Millard Fillmore. .
14— Franklin Pierce.
15— James Buchanan.
16— Abraham Lincoln.
17— Andrew Johnson.
18— Ulysses S. Grant.
19— Rutherford B. Hayes.
20— James A. Garfield.
21— Chester A. Arthur. 1
22— Grover Cleveland. i
23— Benjamin Harrison.
24— Grover Cleveland.
2 5—William McKinley.
26— Theodore Roosevelt.
27— William H. Taft.
28— Woodrow Wilson.
29— Warren G. 'Harding.
3 0—Calvin Coolidge.
I 31—Herbert C. Hoover,
j 3 2—Franklin D. Roosevelt.
! 'DADS’ CARRY OUT
I BOASTS OF SONS
| Cleveland.— 'My dad can lick
1 your dad,” yelled the sons of Nick
Carioti and Carl Rubino. When
the Rubino boy began peppering
the Cartioti garage with stones the
boys got a chance to see their
threats in action. The elder Carioti
fired one shot at the elder Rubino.
The elder Rubino returned five
Don’t Go Back and Back'
wards With Republicans
The hands of the Republican candidate are tied by a small but
powerful section of his party. This group are its chief financial
backers. Inevitably they must be recognized and rewarded. They
have already put their candidate in the straitjacket of their plat
form. Although it borrows a New Deal front to fool liberals the
platform shows that the same Old Guard is in control. IT
BACK to More Hawley-Smoot
Although Republican high tariffs ruined our farmers and
brought on depression, Big Business in the Republican Party de
mands the repeal of the Democratic trade pacts which have in
creased our foreign trade 47 per cent in less than 2 years.
BACK to 48 Cent Wheat, 6 Cent Cot
ton, 3 Cent Hogs—
The Republican agricultural plank scores the New Deal control
measures which raised farm income 2 1-2 billion. It offers a weak
imitation of Democratic soil conservation policy and submits a
medley of 13 theories for true and tried farm relief. Contrast the
Republican record of broken pledges to aid the farmer with the
tireless practical help given him by Democrats.
BACK to Insecurity for Wage
In place of a self-respecting, self-sustaining system of old age
insurance based on contributions by employers and employees dur
ing a worker’s earning years, Republicans hold out a vague promise
of "supplementary payments” for "every American citizen over I
65” coupled with a vague threat of a widespread income tax to
pay the bill. Since this would reach 2 billion a year, how about
that balanced budget? And in place a fair national system of un
employment insurance Republicans advocate state action again
under which only one state, Wisconsin, adopted such measures
prior to the Democratic Social Security Act on account of the
competition of uninsured industries in other states.
DAtK iu oreaaiines in ueiiei'"
In calling for the return of relief to states and local govern
ments, Republicans completely disregard the fact that today states
are carrying the full burden of 1 1-2 million unemployables and
their families—6 million individuals in all—and, in addition, local
communities are contributing as much as they are able—more
than 22 5 million—to work relief projects. Any heavier load on
states and local units would result in acute distress and inadequate
care. Mayors of 100 large cities have endorsed federal work relief.
"The brave and clear (Democratic) platform adopted by this (De
mocratic) convention, to which I heartily subscribe, sets forth
that government in a modern civilization has certain inescapable
obligations to its citizens, among which are protection of the family
and the home, the establishment of a democracy of opportunity
and aid to those overtaken by disaster.”
—Acceptance speech, 1936-Franklin D. Roosevelt.
If You Stand For PROGRESS Stand
By The DEMOCRATIC PARTY
Will Eff ft Huge
Savings * i?_ * Clients
In The Carolinas
Good Business Enables
Company To Offer
Outlook Is Promising
Good business during the past
months and indications of continu
ing good business, coupled with
several other factors that have
contributed to the conpany’s suc
cess, have enabled the Duke Power
company to effect a new annual •
saving of $1,100,000 to its custom
ers in the Carolinas through a re
duction in electric and gas rates,
rilllrp A'f'firillc innAUnna/i \Y/aJr.ae
It was the second reduction of
rates by the Duke company during
1936 and the savings to customers
within the past four years through
reductions in rates have totaled
nearly $5,000,000, the figures dis
Another factor, it was pointed
out, was the ability of the company
to refinance its bonded indebted
ness and thereby effect a reduction
in its fixed changes.
Since 1932, it was pointed out,
the Duke Power company has con
sistently reduced the rates on its
electric and gas rates.
From Raleigh Commissioner
Wineborne announced the reduced
rates would become effectve "on
meter reading” throughout the
tumpany i territory alter
Sunday, November 1.
North Carolina customers of the
company will get the benefit of
about $733,000 of the total reduc
tion, said Commissioner Wineborne.
The company is the largest in the
State, serving Charlotte, Greens
boro, Winston-Salem and most of
the territory between Durham on
the east and Shelby on the west.
In May the Duke company filed
its 193 5 annual report showing net
income for the year of $3,618,239,
nearly double the 1934 net of $1,
944,064. The company had gross
1935 revenue of $21,829,889.
The new reduction gives an ag
gregate annual savings of $174,000
to residential electric customers
and $197,000 to "small commercial
users.” Textile rates were cut an
aggregate estimated at $507,000
annually, municipal service $65,
000(T, industrial power $60,000,
and small power users $35,000. Gas
i • f • t. * —
users icuucLKjns unaung *o-,
Under the present rates, resi
dential users pay 80 cents for the
first 10 kilowatt hours, five cents
each for the next 20, four cents
each for the next 20, three cents
each for the next 50 and 2 1-2
cents each for all over 100.
The initial rate will remain the
same, as well the rate for the next
20 kilowatt hours, but the next 20
will be at 3 1-2 cents each and all
over 50 at 2 1-2 cents each.
A comparison shows that new
and old bills will run the same for
10, 20 and 30 kilowatt hour users
but a 40-kilowatt hour user who
has been paying $2.20 monthly
will hereafter pay only $2.15. A
50-kwh user wijl pay $2.50 instead
og $2.60, a 60-kwh bill will be
$2.75 instead of $2.90, etc.
The commercial users of between
10 and 2,000 kilowatt hours will
benefit mostly from the reductions
in mat class. ine iitsl k.wiis
will cost the same as now, 80 cents,
but the next 90 will cost only 4^2
instead of five cents, the next 400
kwhs four cents where now the
next 300 costs 4%, and the next
300 three cents where now the next
600 cost 3 /z each.
Textile power service was cut
from 1,22 3 cents per kwh for 50,
000 kwhs to 1.20 per kwh, and so
forth through the schedule.
Census report shows that there
were 1362 bales of cotton ginned
in Rowan County from the crop
!of 1936 prior to Oct. 18 as com
pared with 3 864 bales ginned to
October 18 crop of 193 5.