North Carolina Newspapers

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BOOSTERS FOR. A GREATER CITY AND COUNTY ... _ __
Rowan County Herald
Successors to the Carolina Watchman .
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FOUNDED 1§32—IQfTH YEAR_ SALISBURY, N. C. FRIDAY, APRIL 16, 1937 VOL 104 ^8 PRICE 5 CENTS
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N. C. Liquor Law May Get Test
Cocktail Firm
Seeks License
Possibility That Hotels,
Restaurants May Legally
Sell Highballs
Raleigh—The possibility that
hotels and restaurants in North
Carolina legally may sell cock
tails and highballs containing
nearby half as much alcohol as
straight whiskey appeared as
copies of the 1937 revenue act
were distributed in printed form.
Simultaneously, Commissioner
of Revenue A. J. Maxwell re
vealed a firm manufacturing
bottled cocktails had inquired if
it could obtain a license to sell
its products in this State. The
revenue act provides that hotels
and restaurants may sell by the
drink fortified wines containing
not less than 14 or more than 24
per cent alcohol.
Maxwell said the question of
whether cocktails and highballs
could masquerade as fortified
wines and thus be legal under
the revenue act, “one for the
courts to pass on.’ He added
he probably would issue a license
to the cocktail firm, since he,
could not assume a law would
be broken.
A Department of Agriculture j
chemist said 'vine? containing
from 14 to 24 per cent alcohol
were from 22.64 to 39.20 proof.
Most whiskeys are from 90 to
100 proof.
Attorney General A. A. F.
Seawell declined to comment for
publication on the question on
the grounds that it had not been
called officially to his attention.
He stated, however, that he had
been “studying the matter care
fully.”
Governor Hoey likewise de
clined to comment
Under the revenue act, forti
fied wines are defined as “wine
or alcoholic beverages made by
the fermentation from grapes,
fruits and berries and fortified
by the addition of brandy or al
cohol thereto.”
Quarter Million
Are Given Jobs
Approximately 212,985 place
ments have been made by the
Reemployment Service in the last
North Carolina State Employ
ment Service and the National
two fiscal years in North Caro
lina, according to a report made
public by R. Mayne Albright,
Acting Director. Of these, 61,
553 were placements in private
industry.
These figures are included in
the report made to Secretary of
Labor Frances Perkins by W.
Frank Persons, Director of the
United States Employment Ser
vice. This report shows that
approximately 9,000,000 job
placements have been made all
over the country by the United
States Employment Services and
National Reemployment services
.« . _ _ • a r\ c
during Luc iwu-)wi ^iiuu. ^
these, 3,250,208 were placements
in private industry.
During this entire period, the
attention of the North Carolina
State Employment Service was
devoted very largely to the ser
vice of public projects. It was
!,' only in the late fall of 1936 that
the North Carolina State Em
ployment Service was relieved
of some part of the burden ol
making relief placements and
was able to concentrate to 2
greater extent on promoting pri
vate placements. Since thal
time, the ratio of private tc
total placements has steadily in
creased.
Bach, Beethoven Feature
Recital Of Miss Daniel
--f _
MISS DANIEL
I
Miss Daniel played her gra
duation recital to an apprecia
tive group of music lovers on
April 6. She is a piano major.
—(Pioneer Staff Photo)
Carolina Mills
t
Ot r'fSf-*traces v
" '_ ' i
Washington.—Industrial firms
in the Carolinas this week' sign- j
ed agreements to furnish mater
ials to government agencies, un
der which they will receive a|
large bulk of a $6,332,560 ex
penditure. Twenty companies in
the two States figured in the
contracts, Secretary of Labor,
Frances Perkins said today. Each:
concern agreed to abide by the
40-hour work week and other
stipulations of the Walsh-Healey
public contracts act in manufac
turing the requisitioned mater
ials. The following companies
have contracts:
North Carolina—North Caro
lina Finishing company of Yad
kin; Corriher Mills company,
Landis; Acme Spinning Mills,
Belmont; Parkdale Manufactur
ing company, Gastonia; Falls
Manufacturing company of Gran
ite Falls; Wiscassett mills, Al
bemarle ; Durham Cotton mills,
East Durham; Durahm Hosiery
mills, Durham; Textiles, Inc-,
Gastonia; Ruby Cotton mills,
Gastonia; Amazon Cotton mills,
Thomasville; Green River Mills,
Inc., Tuxeda; Pickett Cotton
Mills, High Point; G. & . Hosi
ery company of Durham; Can
non Mills company, Kannapolis;
South Fork Manufacturing com
pany, Belmont; and Barkdale
mills, Gastoria.
Army To Use 1,000
Planes In War
Game On Coast
Los Angeles.—The army will
mass more than 1,00 fighting
planes in Southern California
May 5 in a gigantic test of the
air corps’ strength, military
sources disclosed today.
The sky drills will be under
direction of Brig. Gen. Frank M.
Andrews, chief of the general
headquarters air force.
Bombing squadrons, headed by
two of the four-motored Boeing
“flying fortresses,” will be as
signed to demolish targets laid
out on the desert waste of Mu
roc dry lake.
Complete details of the man
euvers will be released officially
from Washington.
Large Group Present To
Hear Renditions Of
Famed Selections
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Senior Pupils Displays
Marked Piano Talent
—
(The Pioneer, Catawba College) j
uesday evening, April 6, 1937
sight-fifteen o’clock, a Gra-|
ition Recital in Piano, was
d in the Recital Hall of the
Music Building at Catawba Col-,
lege by Helen Daniel. The pro
gram was as follows:
I
English Suite in A Minor, Pre-,
hide, Allemande, Courante, Sara
nande, Pourree, Gigue-Bach. 1
II.
Sonata in D Major, Opus 28,
Allegro, Andanto, Scherzo, Ran
do--Beethoven.
III.
Jardins Sons La Pluie (Gar
dens in the Rain) — Debussy
Bruyeres (Heather) —Debussy;]
Ba soiree Dans Grenade (A night j
n Granda) — Debussy; La Re- j
gota Veneziana (Venetian Car
lival) — Liszt; Au Bord D’unet
Source (By the Spring )-J
'.•is).t; 'V ^
Wagner Labor i
Act Is Held !
! t
Constitutional
Supreme Court Widens
Power Of Congress Over
Industrial Relations
Washington. — The Supreme
Court tagged the Wagner act
“constitutional” Monday and, by
a five-to-four decision, brought
labor relations in a vast sector
of the manufacturing industries
under the regulatory authorities
of the Federal government.
Its verdict, claimed at once as
a major victory for the Roose
velt administration, obviously
had the immediate effect of in
tensifying the raging congres
sional dispute over the Presi
dent’s bill to reorganize the high
tribunal.
Reduced to their simplest
terms the majority decisions
held that the power to regulate
commerce “between the States”
conferred upon the Federal gov
ernment by the Constitution ex
tends to activities “affecting”
such commerce—the manufac
ture, for instance, of articles
flowing into the stream of in
terstate commerce.
Ihe Wagner act, the legisla
tion involved in the decisions,
guarantees the right of organiza
tion to workers and forbids em
ployers to interfere with or
coerce employes in the exercise
of that right. It undertakes to
compel employers to bargain with
representatives of their workers.
Five applications of this law
were before the court for adju
dication. each involving the va
lidity of a National Labor Rela
tions board order directing that
employes, allegedly discharged
for labor union activities, be
reinstated under the law. The
Court held the law constitution
al in each instance. The cases
were:
The Washington, Virginia,
and Maryland Coach company,
in which the interstate character
of the firm’s business was con-;
.ceded. The decision, in this
case, was unanimous.
Under The Dome
By its latest series of decisions
on the Constitutionality of Fed
eral and State statutes, the Su
preme Court has, by its own act,
effectively spiked the contention
that its members are not abreast
of the times. That is the way ex
perienced Washington observers
interpret the Court’s rulings in
:he Railway Labor Act case, the
Washington State Mimimum
'Vage case, the Virginia Milk
:ase and the Frazier-Lemke
harm Mortgage Moratorium
:ase. This new body of interpre
ations has served to clarify the
ine between the powers of the
ndividual states and those of the
federal government.
In the Washington case, the
2ourt reversed its own ruling in
i case in 1922. At that time it
vas held that no right existed to
•egulate working conditions of
■vomen and to fix a minimum
vage for women workers. The
2ourt now holds that decision
vas wrong, and that states have
he right, in the excerise of their
lolice powers, to regulate work
ng conditions where the public
nterest is affected.
In the Railway Labor case the
^j^irt’s ruling was definite that
L Sol f'/w-urtimASif-cKn c ■fiill
tuvv^i mot jtin Luxjr condi
ions in interstate commerce,
jointing out that railway trans
>ortation is clearly interstate
rommerce, and that all the fun
rtions of a railroad, even shop
work performed entirely within
l state, are a part of the inter
itate operations.
In the Virginia Milk case, the
Court’s ruling went further in
iefining the powers of states to
■egulate industry. A state milk
authority may cross state lines
:o fix prices' and handle the
marketing of milk in order to
jrotect producers. This is re
warded here as pointing the
way for agricultural regulation
by state, rather than Federal
action.
In upholding the revised Farm
Mortgage Moratorium Act, the
Court demonstrated that it was
not opposed to giving distressed
farmers leeway in which to take
:are of their overdue mortgages,
but only to the provisions in the
similar law, previously declared
unconstitutional, which did not
sufficiently protect the rights
uf mortgagees.
LABOR DECISION WAITS
While the Court has handed
down no opinion yet in the five
cases in which the Constitution
ality of the Wagner Labor Rela
tions Act is in question, observ
ers who like to draw inferences
are predicting, in the light of
the other Labor decisions, the
Court will rule that the Wag
ner law setting up the National
Labor Relations Board is Consti
tutional, but that its provisions
apply only to labor disputes in
industries which are clearly in
interstate commerce.
The sharp lines which the Su
preme Court draws between the
powers delegated under the Con
stitution to the Federal govern
ment and those reserved to the
states are not greatly to the
liking of those of the President’s
followers whose aim is to en
large Federal powers. The de
cisions, moreover, are regarded
here as tending to weaken Con
gressional support of the Presi
dent’s proposal to enlarge the
Court. They have a bearing,
also, upon the Labor situation,
which became the focus of Con
gressional attention when, in both
House and Senate, the “sit
down” strikes were officially
noticed.
Senator Byrnes of South Car
olina precipitated the subject by
offering an amendment to the
new Guffey Soft-coal regulation
bill, just as that was coming to
a final vote in the Senate. The
amendment provides that any
miner whose employment has
been terminated is guilty of a
crime if he remains upon com
pany property after being order
ed off. That started a free-for
all discussion, in which several
Senators took occasion to de
nounce the whole principle of sit
down strikes.
An echo of the Labor debate
thus started was heard in the
House, when Representative
Dies of Texas introduced a re
solution calling for a Congres
sional investigation of organized
Labor and its policies and prac
tices. This, like the Byrnes re
solution, was aimed primarily at
John L. Lewis and the C- I. O.
This open interest in both houses
of Congress in matters involving
the methods of organized Labor
is regarded by some observers
as reflecting the influence of the!
American Federation of Labor,
which is bitterly opposed to
Lewis and his program.
.— Jr. W. A. FKUJ tX L S>
CURTAILED
The President’s order curtain
ing major P. W. A. projects is
a move intended to keep down
or reduce prices of products of
“heavy industries,” such as steel,
copper, cement, etc. The Public
Works Administration buys great
quantities of such materials. Its:
job is the -construction of per
manent public works and more
of its funds are spent for ma-(
terials than for labor. The war
preparations in Europe have
created such a demand for the
sort of things which P. W. A.
consumes that prices have gone
skyrocketing, and to carry on
with the P. W. A. program would
leave a still smaller share of its
expenditures going into the pock
ets of workers on the job.
W. P. A.., on the other hand,
does not deal in these “heavy
goods” to any great extent. Its
funds go directly and almost
wholly to labor. The idea now
seems to be to substitute for the
permanent public works pro
gram a scheme of such enter
prises in which labor is the main
item, such as dredging channels
of streams, throwing up earth
dams for storage reservoirs, and
the like.
This is part of a policy now
developing which is intended to
prevent the inflationary boom In
prices, which most economists in
and out of Washington agree is
impending.
Fear of another boom and its
inevitable crash is sharpening
attention of Administration and
Congress leaders on the tax
question. There is more serious
concern about getting the Feder
al budget into balance than at
any time in the past four years.
It is beginning to be generally
conceded that more and heavier
taxes are necessary, and the onlv
certain way of increasing tax
revenue so far discovered is to
extend the application of the in
come tax downward, to take in
wageearners even in the lowest
income brackets.
PROPOSES FIRM
BLACKLIST
Washington. — Senator Walsh.
Democrat of Massachusetts, co
author of the Walsh-Healey act.
proposed “blacklisting” of indus-j
trial concern which fail to com
ply with the National labor rela
tions act.
BISBEE, Ariz. . . . Miss Dee Pat
rick wears the very latest in cop
per bathing suits. It is made of
copper as thin as doth and was
exhibited at a style show here.
'mj tugnt way Witn
Plane Victims
McNary, Ariz.—A grim car
avan struggled down a snow
covered mountain side with the
burned and mutilated bodies of
eight persons who perished in
the crash of an airliner, Satur
day.
Little refreshed by a freezing
light in an improvised camp, 40
fatigued men faced three miles
if the most difficult country to
:he nearest highway.
Ahead lay the torrential White
■iver. On either side are per
pendicular cliffs, 50 feet high.
■ Before the bodies reach a Win
dow mortuary they will be view
id by a coroner’s jury.
Earl Platt, Apache county at_
:orney, said he wanted to deter
iiine how many bodies were in
the plane, early reports having
caried.
Bureau Swamped
By Age Requests
Washington.—Old age pension
beneficiaries are swamping 50
research workers in the Census
Bureau with requests for their
birth dates. About 300 requests
are received daily, officials said
today, and the staff is 20,000
requests behind
Gives Plan To Halt
Jail Overcrowding
Covington, Ky.—As a means
lo “halt over-crowding” of the
Covington jail, Commissioner
Henry Meiniann suggested that
every transient who seeks a
night’s lodging he repuired to
lake a bath.
ARGENTINE CORN
CROP DOWN
Washington.— The Agriculture:
department estimated Argentina
will have 297,670.000 bushels of
new corn for export this season.
This figure was; 13 per cent less
than the exportable surplus of
340,700,000 bushels of corn last
season.
COAL PRODUCTION
DECLINES ' I
Washington.—The Bureau of
Mines estimated production of bit
uminous coal during the week
ended April 3 was 7,065,000 net
tons, a decrease of 4,191,000 tons
or 37.2 per cent, from the preced
ing week.
Ninth District
Solon In N. C.
Over Week-end
Delegations Who Visited
Him Convinced He Will
Oppose Bob Reynolds
Next Year
“Farmer Bob”
VS. “Our Bob”
Congressman R. L. Doughton,
veteran representative of the
Ninth Congressional District
and dean of the North Carolina
delegation, will in all probabi
lity seek a seat ni the Senate
in the 1938 primary, opposing
Senator Reynolds.
At least, that was the consen
sus of opinion of the delega
tions from this and other coun
ties, who conferred with Mr.
Doughton over the week-end
while he paid an abbreviated
visit to the State. He returned
to Washington Sunday night.
Although Congressman
Doughton did not put his name
on the dotted line announcing
his candidacy, it was felt by
those who talked with him that
he was definitely interested in
running for the U. S. Senate in
1938.
should uarmer Bob oppose
“Our Bob,” the state, as well
as the nation, would witness one
(of the most interesting and spec
tacular races ever staged for a
seat in the Senate. lAthough
they both are known as “Bob,”
no two candidates, or potential
candidates, ever differed more
in make-up, experience, thought,
Congressional acumen or politi
cal tactics.
Congressman Doughton indi
cated that he would announce
his decision in the matter by
June 1
Senator Reynolds has not made
a public announcement of his
candidacy for renomination but
it is taken for granted that he
will be a candidate to succeed
himself.
Congressman Doughton is ser
ving his fourteenth term in the
House of Representatives, and,
as Chairman of the Ways and
Means Committee, holds the
most important Committee post
in the House.
Swans Disable
Plane In Mid-Air
Townsend, Mont.—A North
west Airlines passenger plane
with four persons aboard was
partly disabled near here when
it collided in mid-air with a
flock of swans, returning North
from their annual Southland so
journ. i
The impact forced the plane
to return to the Helena airport
for repairs.
None of those on board was
injured.
Peaches And Fish
Stir 2 States
Atlanta—The possibility of a
fight to keep Georgia peaches
out of Florida depended on ne
gotiations to get Florida fish into
Georgia.
A recently enacted Georgia law
levying a $200 annual license on
wholesalers handling out-of
State fish stirred protests in
Florida’s capital yesterday. Gov
ernor E. D. Rivers of Georgia
said he was ready to meet today
with a Florida delegation to fore
stall threatened reprisals that
would cut heavily into trade be
tween the States.
    

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