p , • _ BOOSTERS FOR. A GREATER CITY AND COUNTY ... _ __ Rowan County Herald Successors to the Carolina Watchman . - -- ' FOUNDED 1§32—IQfTH YEAR_ SALISBURY, N. C. FRIDAY, APRIL 16, 1937 VOL 104 ^8 PRICE 5 CENTS ■ • ? i N. C. Liquor Law May Get Test Cocktail Firm Seeks License Possibility That Hotels, Restaurants May Legally Sell Highballs Raleigh—The possibility that hotels and restaurants in North Carolina legally may sell cock tails and highballs containing nearby half as much alcohol as straight whiskey appeared as copies of the 1937 revenue act were distributed in printed form. Simultaneously, Commissioner of Revenue A. J. Maxwell re vealed a firm manufacturing bottled cocktails had inquired if it could obtain a license to sell its products in this State. The revenue act provides that hotels and restaurants may sell by the drink fortified wines containing not less than 14 or more than 24 per cent alcohol. Maxwell said the question of whether cocktails and highballs could masquerade as fortified wines and thus be legal under the revenue act, “one for the courts to pass on.’ He added he probably would issue a license to the cocktail firm, since he, could not assume a law would be broken. A Department of Agriculture j chemist said 'vine? containing from 14 to 24 per cent alcohol were from 22.64 to 39.20 proof. Most whiskeys are from 90 to 100 proof. Attorney General A. A. F. Seawell declined to comment for publication on the question on the grounds that it had not been called officially to his attention. He stated, however, that he had been “studying the matter care fully.” Governor Hoey likewise de clined to comment Under the revenue act, forti fied wines are defined as “wine or alcoholic beverages made by the fermentation from grapes, fruits and berries and fortified by the addition of brandy or al cohol thereto.” Quarter Million Are Given Jobs Approximately 212,985 place ments have been made by the Reemployment Service in the last North Carolina State Employ ment Service and the National two fiscal years in North Caro lina, according to a report made public by R. Mayne Albright, Acting Director. Of these, 61, 553 were placements in private industry. These figures are included in the report made to Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins by W. Frank Persons, Director of the United States Employment Ser vice. This report shows that approximately 9,000,000 job placements have been made all over the country by the United States Employment Services and National Reemployment services .« . _ _ • a r\ c during Luc iwu-)wi ^iiuu. ^ these, 3,250,208 were placements in private industry. During this entire period, the attention of the North Carolina State Employment Service was devoted very largely to the ser vice of public projects. It was !,' only in the late fall of 1936 that the North Carolina State Em ployment Service was relieved of some part of the burden ol making relief placements and was able to concentrate to 2 greater extent on promoting pri vate placements. Since thal time, the ratio of private tc total placements has steadily in creased. Bach, Beethoven Feature Recital Of Miss Daniel --f _ MISS DANIEL I Miss Daniel played her gra duation recital to an apprecia tive group of music lovers on April 6. She is a piano major. —(Pioneer Staff Photo) Carolina Mills t Ot r'fSf-*traces v " '_ ' i Washington.—Industrial firms in the Carolinas this week' sign- j ed agreements to furnish mater ials to government agencies, un der which they will receive a| large bulk of a $6,332,560 ex penditure. Twenty companies in the two States figured in the contracts, Secretary of Labor, Frances Perkins said today. Each: concern agreed to abide by the 40-hour work week and other stipulations of the Walsh-Healey public contracts act in manufac turing the requisitioned mater ials. The following companies have contracts: North Carolina—North Caro lina Finishing company of Yad kin; Corriher Mills company, Landis; Acme Spinning Mills, Belmont; Parkdale Manufactur ing company, Gastonia; Falls Manufacturing company of Gran ite Falls; Wiscassett mills, Al bemarle ; Durham Cotton mills, East Durham; Durahm Hosiery mills, Durham; Textiles, Inc-, Gastonia; Ruby Cotton mills, Gastonia; Amazon Cotton mills, Thomasville; Green River Mills, Inc., Tuxeda; Pickett Cotton Mills, High Point; G. & . Hosi ery company of Durham; Can non Mills company, Kannapolis; South Fork Manufacturing com pany, Belmont; and Barkdale mills, Gastoria. Army To Use 1,000 Planes In War Game On Coast Los Angeles.—The army will mass more than 1,00 fighting planes in Southern California May 5 in a gigantic test of the air corps’ strength, military sources disclosed today. The sky drills will be under direction of Brig. Gen. Frank M. Andrews, chief of the general headquarters air force. Bombing squadrons, headed by two of the four-motored Boeing “flying fortresses,” will be as signed to demolish targets laid out on the desert waste of Mu roc dry lake. Complete details of the man euvers will be released officially from Washington. Large Group Present To Hear Renditions Of Famed Selections _ Senior Pupils Displays Marked Piano Talent — (The Pioneer, Catawba College) j uesday evening, April 6, 1937 sight-fifteen o’clock, a Gra-| ition Recital in Piano, was d in the Recital Hall of the Music Building at Catawba Col-, lege by Helen Daniel. The pro gram was as follows: I English Suite in A Minor, Pre-, hide, Allemande, Courante, Sara nande, Pourree, Gigue-Bach. 1 II. Sonata in D Major, Opus 28, Allegro, Andanto, Scherzo, Ran do--Beethoven. III. Jardins Sons La Pluie (Gar dens in the Rain) — Debussy Bruyeres (Heather) —Debussy;] Ba soiree Dans Grenade (A night j n Granda) — Debussy; La Re- j gota Veneziana (Venetian Car lival) — Liszt; Au Bord D’unet Source (By the Spring )-J '.•is).t; 'V ^ Wagner Labor i Act Is Held ! ! t Constitutional Supreme Court Widens Power Of Congress Over Industrial Relations Washington. — The Supreme Court tagged the Wagner act “constitutional” Monday and, by a five-to-four decision, brought labor relations in a vast sector of the manufacturing industries under the regulatory authorities of the Federal government. Its verdict, claimed at once as a major victory for the Roose velt administration, obviously had the immediate effect of in tensifying the raging congres sional dispute over the Presi dent’s bill to reorganize the high tribunal. Reduced to their simplest terms the majority decisions held that the power to regulate commerce “between the States” conferred upon the Federal gov ernment by the Constitution ex tends to activities “affecting” such commerce—the manufac ture, for instance, of articles flowing into the stream of in terstate commerce. Ihe Wagner act, the legisla tion involved in the decisions, guarantees the right of organiza tion to workers and forbids em ployers to interfere with or coerce employes in the exercise of that right. It undertakes to compel employers to bargain with representatives of their workers. Five applications of this law were before the court for adju dication. each involving the va lidity of a National Labor Rela tions board order directing that employes, allegedly discharged for labor union activities, be reinstated under the law. The Court held the law constitution al in each instance. The cases were: The Washington, Virginia, and Maryland Coach company, in which the interstate character of the firm’s business was con-; .ceded. The decision, in this case, was unanimous. Under The Dome By its latest series of decisions on the Constitutionality of Fed eral and State statutes, the Su preme Court has, by its own act, effectively spiked the contention that its members are not abreast of the times. That is the way ex perienced Washington observers interpret the Court’s rulings in :he Railway Labor Act case, the Washington State Mimimum 'Vage case, the Virginia Milk :ase and the Frazier-Lemke harm Mortgage Moratorium :ase. This new body of interpre ations has served to clarify the ine between the powers of the ndividual states and those of the federal government. In the Washington case, the 2ourt reversed its own ruling in i case in 1922. At that time it vas held that no right existed to •egulate working conditions of ■vomen and to fix a minimum vage for women workers. The 2ourt now holds that decision vas wrong, and that states have he right, in the excerise of their lolice powers, to regulate work ng conditions where the public nterest is affected. In the Railway Labor case the ^j^irt’s ruling was definite that L Sol f'/w-urtimASif-cKn c ■fiill tuvv^i mot jtin Luxjr condi ions in interstate commerce, jointing out that railway trans >ortation is clearly interstate rommerce, and that all the fun rtions of a railroad, even shop work performed entirely within l state, are a part of the inter itate operations. In the Virginia Milk case, the Court’s ruling went further in iefining the powers of states to ■egulate industry. A state milk authority may cross state lines :o fix prices' and handle the marketing of milk in order to jrotect producers. This is re warded here as pointing the way for agricultural regulation by state, rather than Federal action. In upholding the revised Farm Mortgage Moratorium Act, the Court demonstrated that it was not opposed to giving distressed farmers leeway in which to take :are of their overdue mortgages, but only to the provisions in the similar law, previously declared unconstitutional, which did not sufficiently protect the rights uf mortgagees. LABOR DECISION WAITS While the Court has handed down no opinion yet in the five cases in which the Constitution ality of the Wagner Labor Rela tions Act is in question, observ ers who like to draw inferences are predicting, in the light of the other Labor decisions, the Court will rule that the Wag ner law setting up the National Labor Relations Board is Consti tutional, but that its provisions apply only to labor disputes in industries which are clearly in interstate commerce. The sharp lines which the Su preme Court draws between the powers delegated under the Con stitution to the Federal govern ment and those reserved to the states are not greatly to the liking of those of the President’s followers whose aim is to en large Federal powers. The de cisions, moreover, are regarded here as tending to weaken Con gressional support of the Presi dent’s proposal to enlarge the Court. They have a bearing, also, upon the Labor situation, which became the focus of Con gressional attention when, in both House and Senate, the “sit down” strikes were officially noticed. Senator Byrnes of South Car olina precipitated the subject by offering an amendment to the new Guffey Soft-coal regulation bill, just as that was coming to a final vote in the Senate. The amendment provides that any miner whose employment has been terminated is guilty of a crime if he remains upon com pany property after being order ed off. That started a free-for all discussion, in which several Senators took occasion to de nounce the whole principle of sit down strikes. An echo of the Labor debate thus started was heard in the House, when Representative Dies of Texas introduced a re solution calling for a Congres sional investigation of organized Labor and its policies and prac tices. This, like the Byrnes re solution, was aimed primarily at John L. Lewis and the C- I. O. This open interest in both houses of Congress in matters involving the methods of organized Labor is regarded by some observers as reflecting the influence of the! American Federation of Labor, which is bitterly opposed to Lewis and his program. .— Jr. W. A. FKUJ tX L S> CURTAILED The President’s order curtain ing major P. W. A. projects is a move intended to keep down or reduce prices of products of “heavy industries,” such as steel, copper, cement, etc. The Public Works Administration buys great quantities of such materials. Its: job is the -construction of per manent public works and more of its funds are spent for ma-( terials than for labor. The war preparations in Europe have created such a demand for the sort of things which P. W. A. consumes that prices have gone skyrocketing, and to carry on with the P. W. A. program would leave a still smaller share of its expenditures going into the pock ets of workers on the job. W. P. A.., on the other hand, does not deal in these “heavy goods” to any great extent. Its funds go directly and almost wholly to labor. The idea now seems to be to substitute for the permanent public works pro gram a scheme of such enter prises in which labor is the main item, such as dredging channels of streams, throwing up earth dams for storage reservoirs, and the like. This is part of a policy now developing which is intended to prevent the inflationary boom In prices, which most economists in and out of Washington agree is impending. Fear of another boom and its inevitable crash is sharpening attention of Administration and Congress leaders on the tax question. There is more serious concern about getting the Feder al budget into balance than at any time in the past four years. It is beginning to be generally conceded that more and heavier taxes are necessary, and the onlv certain way of increasing tax revenue so far discovered is to extend the application of the in come tax downward, to take in wageearners even in the lowest income brackets. PROPOSES FIRM BLACKLIST Washington. — Senator Walsh. Democrat of Massachusetts, co author of the Walsh-Healey act. proposed “blacklisting” of indus-j trial concern which fail to com ply with the National labor rela tions act. BISBEE, Ariz. . . . Miss Dee Pat rick wears the very latest in cop per bathing suits. It is made of copper as thin as doth and was exhibited at a style show here. 'mj tugnt way Witn Plane Victims McNary, Ariz.—A grim car avan struggled down a snow covered mountain side with the burned and mutilated bodies of eight persons who perished in the crash of an airliner, Satur day. Little refreshed by a freezing light in an improvised camp, 40 fatigued men faced three miles if the most difficult country to :he nearest highway. Ahead lay the torrential White ■iver. On either side are per pendicular cliffs, 50 feet high. ■ Before the bodies reach a Win dow mortuary they will be view id by a coroner’s jury. Earl Platt, Apache county at_ :orney, said he wanted to deter iiine how many bodies were in the plane, early reports having caried. Bureau Swamped By Age Requests Washington.—Old age pension beneficiaries are swamping 50 research workers in the Census Bureau with requests for their birth dates. About 300 requests are received daily, officials said today, and the staff is 20,000 requests behind Gives Plan To Halt Jail Overcrowding Covington, Ky.—As a means lo “halt over-crowding” of the Covington jail, Commissioner Henry Meiniann suggested that every transient who seeks a night’s lodging he repuired to lake a bath. ARGENTINE CORN CROP DOWN Washington.— The Agriculture: department estimated Argentina will have 297,670.000 bushels of new corn for export this season. This figure was; 13 per cent less than the exportable surplus of 340,700,000 bushels of corn last season. COAL PRODUCTION DECLINES ' I Washington.—The Bureau of Mines estimated production of bit uminous coal during the week ended April 3 was 7,065,000 net tons, a decrease of 4,191,000 tons or 37.2 per cent, from the preced ing week. Ninth District Solon In N. C. Over Week-end Delegations Who Visited Him Convinced He Will Oppose Bob Reynolds Next Year “Farmer Bob” VS. “Our Bob” Congressman R. L. Doughton, veteran representative of the Ninth Congressional District and dean of the North Carolina delegation, will in all probabi lity seek a seat ni the Senate in the 1938 primary, opposing Senator Reynolds. At least, that was the consen sus of opinion of the delega tions from this and other coun ties, who conferred with Mr. Doughton over the week-end while he paid an abbreviated visit to the State. He returned to Washington Sunday night. Although Congressman Doughton did not put his name on the dotted line announcing his candidacy, it was felt by those who talked with him that he was definitely interested in running for the U. S. Senate in 1938. should uarmer Bob oppose “Our Bob,” the state, as well as the nation, would witness one (of the most interesting and spec tacular races ever staged for a seat in the Senate. lAthough they both are known as “Bob,” no two candidates, or potential candidates, ever differed more in make-up, experience, thought, Congressional acumen or politi cal tactics. Congressman Doughton indi cated that he would announce his decision in the matter by June 1 Senator Reynolds has not made a public announcement of his candidacy for renomination but it is taken for granted that he will be a candidate to succeed himself. Congressman Doughton is ser ving his fourteenth term in the House of Representatives, and, as Chairman of the Ways and Means Committee, holds the most important Committee post in the House. Swans Disable Plane In Mid-Air Townsend, Mont.—A North west Airlines passenger plane with four persons aboard was partly disabled near here when it collided in mid-air with a flock of swans, returning North from their annual Southland so journ. i The impact forced the plane to return to the Helena airport for repairs. None of those on board was injured. Peaches And Fish Stir 2 States Atlanta—The possibility of a fight to keep Georgia peaches out of Florida depended on ne gotiations to get Florida fish into Georgia. A recently enacted Georgia law levying a $200 annual license on wholesalers handling out-of State fish stirred protests in Florida’s capital yesterday. Gov ernor E. D. Rivers of Georgia said he was ready to meet today with a Florida delegation to fore stall threatened reprisals that would cut heavily into trade be tween the States.