North Carolina Newspapers

owan County Herald \
Si lessors to the Carolina Watchman
Thousands Are In Line For Pensions
State Board of Public Wel
fare Gives Details Ab'ut
Old Age Act
Raleigh.—There are thou
sands of North Carolinians
who will be eligible for aid
under provisions of the Old
Age Assistance Act passed
by the 1937 General Assem
bly, and there are many
more who will not be able
to meet the requirements
for various reasons.
The State Board if Chari
ties and Public Welfare,
anxious to make clear pro
visions if the Old Age As
sistance plan, which be
comes effective on July 1 of
this year, has issued a state
ment tending to clarify the
une oi me nrst require
ments is that applicants for
aid under the plan shall be
citizens of the United States,
either native-born or natur
alized. Another essential is
that applicants shall be 65
years of age or over and
shall not have sufficitne in
come, or other resources,
to provide a reasonable
subsistence compairible
with decency and health.
Many persons reaching
the age of 65 have not
been able. 'N frequently
through no fault of their
own, to save sufficient
money to care for them
selves in the declining
years of their lives: others
because of a&e or curabili
ties, are unable to earn a
comfortable livelirood, still
others are not so situated
that they can not care for
Applicants for assistance
under the Act are not sup
posed to be inmates of any
public institution at the
time the applications are
filed. However, they may
apply for aid which, if al
lowed, will not begin until
they have ceased to be in
mates of public institutions.
In order to prevent pos
sible fraudulent applications
for assistance under the
Old Age plan, the law spe
cifically prohibits the as
signment or transfer of pro
perty during the two yeas
prior to the filing of appli
Another requirement
which will be rigidly ad
hered to is that all appli
cants must have been resi
dents of North CarUina for
at least five of the nine
pears preceding the filing
of the applications, and for
one year immediately pre
ceding the filing.
There is an additional
stipulation, in view of the
fact that the 100 counties
of the State are participat
ing in the financial aspects
of the Act, that applicants
nust have been residents of
;he county in which the ap
plications are filed for at
east one year. Tris, how
ever, in cases where county
•esidence has been of short
er duration- has been cared
;or by a clause in the law
-vhich provides that approv
ed applicants shall receive
full benefits, with the dif
ference which would have
oeen absorbed by the coun
;y coming from the State
appropriation. Instance of
;his character will be pass
ed upon by the State bJard.
Amounts to be paid ap
plicants will be determined
upon individual conditions
and will not exceed $30 per
month, or $360 per year.
Of this amount_ the coun
ties will pay ’ practically
one-fourth, and the State
Tax Money Pours Into State Coffers
$63 892,993.44 Collection Is
Largest Ever Recorded by
North Carolina.
Raltigh.—With one month to
go before the end of the pre
sent fiscal year, North Carolina
already has collected more taxes
in 1936-37 than during any pre
ceding 12-month period in the
State’s history.
Receipts during May, the
revenue department reported,
boosted total collections for the
' first 11 months of the 1936-37
fiscal year to $63,892,993.44. The
previous record was $57,510.
848.46, for the 12 months end
ing lune 30, 1936.
The receipts were $11,932,
023.57, or 22.96 per cent, over
those of the first 11 months of
the last fiscal year. General
fund collections totaled $34.
c,66.202.62. an increase of $8,
124,569.99, or 30.27 per cent,
over the same date last year.
Motor vehicle collections were
$28,926,790.82. up $3,807,453.
58. or 15.16 per cent.
For the first time since pre
prohibition days,, the State this
month levied a license tax on
the sale of wine, which netted
■ approximately $42,000. This
item, swelled the beverage tax
during May to $144,057.56, as
compared with $77,081.25 in
May, 1936. when only beer dis
tributors were required to ob
tain licenses.
Xot included in the report
was the new 7 per cent sales
. tax on liquor, which became ef
fective May 1, but which will
:mt be paid to the State by
county alcoholic beverage stores
until June 10.
Sales tax collections during
May were $965,271.01, an in
crease of $107,980.86 over the
same month one year ago. To
date during the fiscal ye^r, the
3 per cent sales tax has netted
SI0.348.997.88. compared with
$9,332,822.14 during the first 11
months in 1935-36.
Income tax collections jump
ed from $6,603,017.59 during 11
months of the last fiscal year,
to the all-time high mark of
$10,764,789.72, and the inherit
ance tax receipts from $473,463.
03 to $3,902,484.40.
Gasoline tax during May
totaled $2,166,035.63, a;n increase
of $522,48®.21 over the month
last year to swell the total for
the fiscal year to $20,240,980.
10, compared with $17,445,528.
99 during the same period of
Strip-Cropping Helps
In Soil Conservation
Farmers in the Huntersville
area of the Soil Conservation
service report that they are find
ing it much easier to establish
rotations where strip—cropping
is practiced, according to John
C. Shiver, assistant soil conser
Such crops as small grains,
sorghums, legumes, and grasses
are readily adaptable to the
strip cropping and fit in well in
strip rotations with clean-culti
vated crops. Strips can be used
tc establish terrace lines, mak
ing it possible to build ter
races at a more convenient time.
Width of the strips is depend
ent upon the slope of the land
and requirements of the indivi
dual fhiver said. On gentle
slopes it is considered good prac
tice to lay off the strips 20 to
30 feet wide and on steep slopes
40 to SO feet wide.
Washington. — Highlights of
President Roosevelt’s message
urging Congress to close loop
holes in Federal tax laws:
We face a challenge to the
power of the government to
collect, uniformly, fairly and
W’thout discrimination, taxes
based on statutes adopted by
the Congress.
This (Treasury) report re
veals efforts at avoidance and
evasion of tax liability, so wide
spread and so amazing both in
their boldness and their ingen
uity, that further action without
delay seems imperative.
I The example of successful,
jtax dodging by a minority of
|\ery higii individuals breeds ef
forts by other people to dodge
other laws as well as tax laws.
In this immediate problem
the decency of American morals
is involved.
I am confident that the Con
gress will wish to enact legis
lation at this session specifically
and exclusively aimed at mak
ing the present tax structure
Methods of escape or intend
ed escape from tax liability are
many. Sprne are instances of
avoidance which appear to have
the color of legality': others art!*
on the borderline of legality;
others are plainly contrary even
to the letter of he law.
The three great branches of
the government have a joint
concern in this situation.
It is . . . a matter of deep
regret to know that lawyers of
high standing at the liar not
only have advised and are ad
vising their clients to utilize tax
avoidance devices, but are ac
tively using these devices in
their own personal affairs.
Brentwood, N. Y. — Daniel
Noble, a Queens county surro
gate for 30 years before his re
tirement in 1930. died of a lin
gering heart ailment at his Long
Island summer home here last
Monday. He was born 77
years ago in Brooklyn.
Moscow.—The execution jof
11 more persons accused of
railway sabotage under the di-1
^rection of a "Japanese intelli
gence organization” at Khabaro
vsk, Siberia, was disclosed
bringing to 66 the total execut
ed during May in the Far East.
Paris. — Norman Thomas
American Socialist leader, de
clared that Reichsfeuhrer Adolf
Hitler and Premier Benito Mus
solin are waging war “with
oarticular frightfulness” on the
Spanish people “in a struggle
which they themselves secretary
Montgomery, Ala. — Russell
C. Luquire, Birmingham burial
insurance company executive,
and a young woman, not imme
diately identified, were killed
when their airplane fell in down
town Montgomery. Luquire'was
31. THe plane was rented at
Montgomery municipal airport
a short time earlier and Luquire
was at the controls.
LUC'CY—Henry Gold- ,
k 1 2 of Brooklyn ?!
planned to bring his !
Buick back from Eu- I;
rope on the last tragic §
trip of the Hinden- j!f
burg, but the cable he !
holds here cancelled §
that plan. He and his §
car came back safely
by boat- “I’ll cherjsh f!
that car as long as it
runs,” he said, “and
then I’m going to put
it on my lawn and
plant flowers
saved my l
i mm
mally crowned, her divorce final and complete, the
world’s foremost lovers pose for a photograph on the
la'*m or their bridal rendezvous. Hereafter they will
• pose as the Duke and Duchess of Windsor.
OUT IN FRONT—No camera was needed to
pick the winner when Jockey J. Dyer brought
Transmutable home far ahead of the field in
the first running of a new track classic, the
Crab Orchard Handicap at Aurora.
TIRE — Supreme
, Court Justice Wil
li lis Van Devanter,
\ who resigned his
\ post on the nation’s
(ultimate tribunal,
[looks over the stock
Jon the 788-a ere
F Maryland farm on
/which he will
/ henceforth spend
I most of his time.
.-te-— ,.L_. -—!
Kathryn Marlowe,''
| screen star, is
shown wearing
one of her pretti
est evening frocks.
It is printed cot
ton in maize, blue
and black on a
white background.
The short jacket
is outlined with a
| wide band of
i maize handker
I chief jinen, which
also forms the bor
der on the flared
&» skirt.
BERMUDA BV PLANE—A quick ocean hop to the island of y
Bermuda will be possible hereafter for time-pressed vacationists, ,-j
Here the new Bermuda Clipper takes off on a survey flight prior ^
to the opening of regular service. c
Under The Dome
The Supreme Court’s rul
ing upholding the Social Se
curity Act is generally re
garded as the final death
blow to the President’s
Court Reorganization Plan.
Following the resignation
of Justice Van Devanter it
is held here to remove the
last ground for complaint
breast of the times.
The talk of a “chnpro
mise” measure, to authorize
the addition of two justices
instead of six, is dying
down, and the President is
being urged most strongly
by many of his advisers, in
and out of Congress, to
withdraw his Court pro
posal entirely.
Politics Full of Surprises
It is now regarded by
many as doubtful whether,
with all the political pres
sure which the great power
of his office enables him to
put upon recalcitrant mem
bers of both houses of Con
gress, Mr. Roosevelt could
force his court plan through
so bitter and well-organized
is the opposition to it. How
ever, politics is full of sur
prises, and Mr. Roosevelt is
one of the most resourceful
of politicians, so it is not
safe to call anything dead
which he earnestly wants
to keep alive.
Moreover, Congress as a
whole is not inclined to re
ject the President’s leader
ship, on any matter but the*
Supreme Court' reorganiza-!
tion plan. Every member
knows that the President is
more popular with the mas
ses than Congress is. But
Congress is discovering that
with the growth of economic
recovery, it can get public
support for acts to which
the President has not given
his assent.
Therefore, the current
tendency, which is gaining
strength, of Congress to
Congress to take tre reins if
legislation back into its own
hands and so reestablish it
self in its Constitutional
status of an equal and coor
dinate branch of the Feder
al Government, not subser
vient to the Executive
branch. I
Something of that same
revival of the spirit of the
independence of the three
departments of government
lies behind th|e strongest
opposition to any act which
would impair the indepen
dence of the third branch,
the Judiciary.
Advisers Resented
In this new spirit of inde
pendence, Congress, speak
ing broadly, is becoming
more resentful of the activ
ities of so-called “Presiden
tial advisers,” who have no
legal status as such, and
who are often suspected of
(Contiued on Page 4)
Rome.—The Heir Presump
tive to the Italian throne, the
two-and-a-months-old son of
Crown Prince Umberto and <
the Crown Princes, was bap
tized in the Pauline chapel of |
the Quirinal Palace. He was
given this name: Vittorio Ema—
nuele Alberto Carlo Teddoro
Umberto Bonifacio Amedeo Da-1
miano Bernardino Gennaro Ma- i
- i
Salt Lake CityV-Ever hear.
of a “duck hospital” where ail-j
ing wildfowl are dosed with cas- ■
tor oil and put on a rest cure?,
There’s one at the Bear river i
migratory game bird refuge 7g
miles northwest of here where
experts who do the “doctoring”
were credited with saving thou
sands of birds for the nation’s
Castle Gandolfo.—Pope Pius
XT was given an automobile
with gears and body designed
especially for his comfort as a
birthday present Monday. He
was 80 Tuesday. The Holy
Father, his face thinned by
long illness, smiled brightly
when he saw the car, stepped
into it, and sat down virtually
without assistance.
If you would live to a ripe
old age, here are ten excellent
rules given by Hygeia on how
to live 100 years, which have
been widely quoted.
1. Breathe fresh air, both day
and night.
2. Exercise your larger mus
cles regularly every day.
d. Look on overfatitgue as
your enemy, and on rest as your
friend. Take at least eight
hours of steep. (The voice of
wisdom says one should turn
off the radio at 10.)
4. Drink plenty of water at
meals and also between meals.
5. Eat temperately, partaking
of vegetables and fruit for
‘roughage” and health’s sake,
and sparingly of meat and sugar.
Avoid overweight.
6. Have regular bowel habits.
7. Avoid infection from both
outside and inside sources.
Make a thorough recovery from
colds and sore throat.
8. Wash your hands before
eatinsr. (That the teeth are to
be cleaned night and morning
is taken for granted).
9. Think wholesome thoughts
I'ace unpleasant situations frank.
and sensibly, and don’t wor
ry. Keep your play spirit.
10. Have a health examinatior
by your physician each year:
ask his advice and follow it.
New Barley Varieties
mil Ir_erw*we Yield:
New strains of barley develop
ed by experiment station work
ers will help North Carolina
farmers conserve their soil and
feed their livestock a better ra
Barley fits in well with the
soil conservation [program,
makes a good nurse crop for
lespedeza or red clover, is an
excellent feed for stock, and
grows at a convenient"time of
year, said Dr. Gordon K. Mid
dleton, cereal agronomist of the
central experiment station at
State College. ;
The State’s barley production
dropped from 23,000 acres in
1930 to 9,000 acres in 1935, due
to the heavy inroads made by
smut disease, he continued.
The new strains developed
for this State have a fairly good
resistance to smut and produce
comparatively high yields of
grain, and Mr. Middleton be
lieves they will revive the bar
ley crop.
As a forage crop, the hood
ed or smooth varieties are pre
ferred, while bearded barleys
produce the heaviest yields of
The new hooded selection
known as No. 26 has averaged
26.3 bushels per acre in tests
conducted during the past five
years, as compared with 22.8
bushels produced by Tennessee
No. 6. Although No. 26 is not
completely immune to smut, it
does show a far greater resist
ance than any other variety now
grown in this State.
The average yield of all hood- ,
id barleys in the State for the
years 1932-1936 was 33.8 bu
shels per acre, while the beard
ed barleys produced an average
of 33.8 bushels.
A new hybrid selection of
bearded barley known as No.
15 has been the highest pro
ducer, yielding 37.4 bushels to
the acre. This strain appears
to be almost completely immune
to smut.
Seed from Hooded No. 26
and Bearded No. 15 are being
produced, but there will not be
enough available for general
distrieutio until 1938. Dr. Mid
dleton stated. Only a few seed
are now on hand.

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