. m uitkl& Dint, .
f , it ' f - - - - ,! v -s r
I $1.50 a Year, in advance.
oo o t- at m to r oo
at c9 id to J ao o i-J i K5 e ' o
i, . i-i t-t we ee
cr y...-, (.i.i--i. -1, .1 ;
33 ( . 7
i e coc ee t-ao oo e h oo o s
Entered t theTost Office at Wilmington,
-N. G.,' as second-class matter.: V
The subscription price of the Wkkk
j.y Star is as follows ': - 'i .
ingl Copy 1 yearJ
postage paid, $1.50
41 : 6 months,
" :. 1.00
,We mast close 6,
article upon the
many points an-
touched. Gov. Jarvis says the Su
pretne Court is very "much over
worked.1 It was tro doubt unwise to
reduce the ' number' of the Court.
The Governor say that it is irapos-
niblrt far the present Court to do the
w-nk. What is" Lo be done ? ; lie
tujvfpitit two remedies one to in
utvasv the number jof judges, and the
ithv.r in ' s regu
ate appeals as to
d iiiiininh. the, work
to be done. ; He
m posing of a tax
1 1-com mends the
fee and the appointing of a compe
tent librarian to relieve the Court by
Juyiting up references, etc. !
Phe Governor calls attention to the
crowded condition of the' jSuperior
Courts. 1 Q wing i.o the I: increase of
crime in many of the counties it is
almost impossible tor a civil case to
be tried. The Judges are so much
employed in regular .work it is but
rarely they, can hold a special term,
lie thinks it preferable 'to' establish
two Criminal circuits rather than to
i acreage . the n amber of Isuperior
Court circuits and Judgep,. and there
their adoption, tie
Tiie iu Iges aud solicitors ol IhtSc courts
Kii-tultl be elected by
tba Legisiatare, tnl
iiit: udlary of the judges mda safficieot to
command .the services of the best , lawyers.
Tiie judges should te ri. quired to bold at
-4i-as ibiee courts year io each conoty,
wiib puwerUa suae one to order other
teituHi if necessary. .No court requiring a
j try or wiiufc8?8, either civil, crimioal, in
lei iorr superior, ahoutd be held in the
m mib of June. Our people are eminently
: Kricullurai psopile, and to take a lame
number of laborers iut of t be fields for a
wetk. a. is iiow done io many of the cuudh
lies in toe busy moEjth of Juoe, is a serious
injury tu the farmers of that county."
lie recommends the appointing of
a Commission to
law of the Slate.
codify the ' statute
Already the Legis
Imure has begun .the old work of
tinkering at Battle's llevisal. That
w .rk has cost North. Carolina some
w here bet ween $25,000 and $ 1 00,000
I.I -. ' ' 4.-'' ' ' - '-:": b -' '
we'have no doubt. The' hours spent
v the Legislature in amending that
-woik would make months if added
together, and at
a cost of tens of
all. : means appoint
and get' rid of the
tinkering and expense. Sound econo
my demands it. " 1 i
- We like Gov. Jams' views con
cerning the pardoning power. The
old readers of the- Stak cannot have'
forgotten its numerous i editorials on
the subject. Almost "single handed
and alone", we have made a relentlesR.
war. upon that anomaly tn a republi
can form of government the one
man power.r We have shown its
dangers, and . abuses, and we may
again discuss it with something of
care and elaboration. Such a power
ought to find no, place in the Government-
of .North- Carolina, or o any
free people;;' The &tab has declared
that it would nottgrant such a power
to Robtl ' E.1 Lee 'or George j Wash
ington if he was in the ; flesh and was
. at the head of public affairs. : Gov.
, J arvis has - had ample opportunities
for. testing the responsibilities and
burdens of the pardoning power, and
here is his testimony. He Bays:
"This duty gives me more -care and
anxiety than any other connected with the
Executive office. No one man ought to
be required or permitted to discharge alune
so delicate tod often so painful a duty. If
he be a good man; the responsibility is too
great; If a bad man, the power is too great
to trust in bis bands. ' There ought to be a
hoard of pardoha. and I advise the creation
of such a board,' even if a change in the
constitution be neceesary. In some States
the Supreme Court compose such a board;
in others the State officers. In ours It
might he either or both."- y i '; -;
We .have no doubt that he. hag
acted to the best of bis judgment
always ' in exercising the important
l ; ' . . -' ' v. . i r , . . - , '. ";.' 1'V.i.Ktl : jtfjf Killt U-ti.it fill I
- ' " " -J ' . , . I, II ,),.. . i
power mih whjish .haj.s.jnvested
Here is his statement of its exercise;
IN. 1879. - ' J'y m
Reprieves...1.. ....... .............. 7
Commutations. . . . i . ; 2
Pardons. . . .... . . i . .' , . , . t . . . .'. ". . .16
,i V " ' '
-Total. , . . , , . ,25
4. . .. .
- iGov. J arvis places the ; matter of
leasing the Atlantic and North Car
olina Railroad in the hands of the'
Legislature. ; He - washes ' his hands
clean, and if no action Is taken he
dne with it. - This, will.be prudent
44 proper under the circumstances.
The company will be allowed to set
tle theiripwft: matter! eji speaks' J
euouuragiugiy 01 ine vape x ear ana
Yadkin Valley Railroad. The grad
ing fifty ml es beyond Greensboro is
finished, and awaits the iron. Money
enough, it is thought, will be forth-
coming to iron and equip the road.
We 'quote, as our people are interest
ed specially in the early completion
of this most important feeder. Gov.
Jarvis eays : v ,
" The only aid the State is now giving
tbia important work is thej maintenance of
the convicts, for which she is to receive the
first mortgage bonds of the company. Up
on those already received the interest has
been promptly paid. The State, then, is
taking the same kind of security for her
convict labor that capitalists take for their
money,1 which pays for the iron and rolling
stock This the State can wet) afford to do
for this or any other section, and I advise
its continuance. By such a use of the con
vict labor the crime of the State can be
made to contribute largely, to the devel
opment of sections much in need of
-better transportation facilities. This road,
l Depieve, will soon be running to ureens
boro. I- will then be only necessary to fill
the gap of thirty miles between Fayette
vUtaaiid Lumberion to open up another
and khorter line of railway from Wilming
ton to Greensboro. With that or some
aucbl connection made and the road pushed
as rapidly as possible into the northwestern
counties, the beoefi' derived from a road
running diagoually acroos the State will be
fell and appreciated by a large belt of the
State from Wilmington to the mountains."
Gov. Jarvis enters at-length upon
the consideration of the Construction
Bonds question, but we cannot now
discuss what he sayn. It is an im
portant matter, and will receive the
close . attentiou of the Legislature.
Millions of dollars are ' involved, and
practical and sound judgment ; is
needed. The Governor does not re
commend the acceptance of the pro
poded compromise with the , bond
holder, bqt, he hits the bull's-eye
when he' declares that the whole
question "hiuges very much upon the
probable future of the North Caroli
na Railroad." He recommends, how
ever, that the Legislature shall fix a
price for the exchange for new bonds,
and give the Commissioners the au
thority "to exchange stock for bonds,'
giving the bondholders .'the option,
with -the understanding that if they
decline both and sell7 the stock, no
matter what it brings, its proceeds
will be all they will ever get." . .
.There life other, recommendations
that We would notice, out space fails
us. We repeat what we said at the
outset, that the message as a whole
is eminently plain, practical and judi
cious, and shows that the Governor
has considered the condition r and
pressing needs of the State with com
mendable care1 and wisdom.
. What's up ? Price, Mabson and
company,colored, representing North
Carolina, are to call on Gen.r Gar
field, and ihey mysteriously refuse to
tell on what missiorf of great pith
and moment they are bent.' Whether
it is to reconstruct the South, form a,
Cabinet for the incoming President,
Bofye the race question . or dictate
another Southern policy at this wri
ting i no one in these parts is able to '
determine. It may be ' theyonly
want an, office. : . Gen. Gar field gave
some good advice to thercolored del
egation from Alabama r who sought
an ; iuterview to-urge the claims of
their race and to ask for government
help in educating them. ; The Presi
dent elect urged them to avoid sep
arating themselves into a class and
raising the color line.'. .We suppose
be meant that they should " not vote
all: one way, but voter for the best
men. If not this, then what does his
advice amount to I Heretofore they
have voted as a, few white bosses
said. They have rallied to the blow
ing of the Radical horn, r , r - ...
The refunding of theUnited States
bonds will be carried-on at a rate not
exceeding .3 per. centl , Mr, Wood s
amendment passed the House-fixing
the rate at 3 per .cent.'on . bonds and
notes. Mr. Samford,--of- Alabama,
offered . an amendment I which- was
adopted, to the effect to pay on bonds
accruing ounng jobi, ineystanaara
? WILMINGTON, N. C;,
jUver. dollars and all gold-held for
resumption, purposes over f5 0,000,-
000,; Speaker Randall offered still
another amendment, yet to be acted
on, jwhich authorizes the issuing' of
1650,000,000, bearing 3 per cent., to
be redeemed after two years at the
pleasure oj toa u nixea , otieB. ana
that the 6 per cent, bonds outstand-i
ing! shall cease at the expiration of
thirty days after they have been
designated, or yireemptioni: 4 This
amendment is very important and
wpuld 6av9ja great deal of; interest to
heUnite4 States. MrrTui tvor, of
Kentucky, advanced an opinion that
would prove popnlaT, if 'acted upon:
of which' there is ho probability. He1
11 i J-ii i - y-iki til'i'. v J-
wh in zavQr ot incxeaainziu
off: capitalists and bondholders and
applying said taxes to the extinguish
ment of j their i own bonds. This
would be popular, because the mil
lions do not own any of the bonds..
V Uvr TWO BlIiW.
' The two bills introduced by Mr.
Staples, of Greensboro, are impor
tant and ought to pass. One bill is
to amend the Constitution so as to
allow the Legislature to exempt from
taxation for a specified time all pro-;
perty used in manufactures. Some
thing ought to be done to foster
manufactures. The high tariff . acts
as jan embargo on foreign machinery,
and all in the South who engage in
cotton milling must pay nearly dou
ble for all the machinery, they use.
W would notj,favor an exemption
fro m taxation for any great length
of time, but we. think exemption for.
fivVj or seven jears might stimulate
manufactu ring, which is so much to
be desired. Other Southern States
are .trying it, and with success, we
suppose. ueorgia, the only South
ern 5tate that leads North Carolina
in cotton manufactures, has a law of
Probably five years would
be long enough to enable manufactu
ring experioent8 to beoome success
ful. . We would encourage as far as
consistent with a wise public policy
all invastments in that direction, but
as soon m they become remunerative
they should bear their burden of tax
ation. Perhaps it would be well to
require all factories to make '- a sworn
exhibit of their work, and whenever
the profits are' realized sufficiently to
authorize a dividend of eight per
cent, that then they should be taxed
as other property, but in case no such
profit, accrues, then exemption from
taxation should prevail for five years.
The! Raleigh News-Observer takes
this! view, with which we are in sym
pathy:' -. . "' . . ,.: ;'
' - 'Progress on the onward much to pros
perity and diversified labor is the watch
word. - Every facility for establishing man
ufactories should be furnished to those
willing to engage in these enterprises, and
every impediment should be wiped away so
far as may be compatible with other pub
lic interests. The ground should be cleared
for action if we are to enter into competition
with Georgia and the other Southern States
in the great race that lies before us.". ,
The other bill is to apply the
whdle poll tax to the maintenance of
the public schools. We have not
seen the' bill and know nothing of
its special features, but we favor the
idea, and we shall favor it, the more
strongly and insistently if the Legis
lature will pass a law compelling all
who vote to pay first a poll tax." Let
this be done and then give the chil
dren of the State the benefit of said
tax, and the school term -will not be
five : weeks in the ; year but five
months probably pr more.' .7 , 1
., . ' if ,-; E . : -:- - ; v
VHARGE IN. THE JCBY SYSXEIU.
In England and in this country the
old trial by jury i system is growing
less in favor. Within a year or two
we iiave met , with '.' many -articles,
English and American, ; which were
more or less attacks upon the system.
The system is so interwoven withhe
history of Anglo-Saxon civilization,
and gathers around it so many sanc
tities and prej udices, that we can ex
pect hardly that it will be done away
with by the English-speaking people.
It has been a great bulwark and pro-
tectidn agains't tyranny au4 oppres
sion:; ail ralongyithe i centuries, r and
although three Judges would give
righteous j udgment more nnerri ngly,
we suppose, than an ordinary jury,
public: sentiment in this country will
not agree to any such change, we
apprehend, now or, at any time. But
the system is open to objection and
usceptible of some improvement.
a-n-r . - f :
The; Kinston Journal, for instance,
makes a suggestion that is worth
attention; It 'says rJ '
;U "With the adoption of -the Scotch system
Of jury; trial, as advocated by the Journal
some months: ago; when' a tbree-fourths
majority nine , out of : twelve of a jury
may render av .verdict.-' We submit that
ukcL7U.mity in a jurjs verdict, as is required
oy ume-oonorett fingusa custom, (.werics
many hardships ( 'hlnderingv-pd.i often
thwarting substantial justice, and that the'
system, should be amended, even thocgb rt
is consecrated by thej usage of apusgnd'
years.". ' -" ' ' ' , ' ' '"' " "r- "
:: , 1 ' 1 I'Tjft 4'.-..
ii he people tm Person, Granville
and some - other counties, Are . much,
stirred on the subject of railroads; Jtt
is now certain (hat, the. road from.
Oxford to Henderson . will be com
pletedat an earlyday It i4 thought ,
that the money., has been furnished
by the Richmond & - Danville Railr
road. At. any rate .the . following
paragraph in the f last Oxford Ftf6.
Lance hints'at.ttiis broadlv; -- " , i
railroad' Com pany -in y appropriating7 Uhe
. 1UU BiillUU UL CUS XllCftXUUUU IXl.LSnUVUiB
sum or f lOO.oou iot the com pie hob , 01 tne
road from Keysville to Clarkesvllle , is
Bigniflcant, comiog, -as i did,' just about
the time of the purchase of the road from
this place to Henderson, and the question
arises, 'did that appropriation have any
thing to do with ie purchase ,
It is thought that., when the road .
o Clarksville, Va., is completed,
which is but twenty-six miles ; dis
tant from Oxford,that a road between,
the , two towns will be constructed
and by the Richmond & Danville.
This would open up. a road, from
Henderson on the Raleigh & Gaston
via Oxford and Clarksville to Rich
mond, and would tap a fine seotion.
The Lance .thinks it probable
that when the road is, extended to
Oxford, that it will be continued still
further to Raleigh. . It says: 1
; "It is known that Richmond is anxious
to create a cotton market in that- city, and
a direct line with Raleigh, the. largest cot
ton market in North Carolina, tapping
Henderson.v which handled last year more
than 10,000 bales of the same staple, will
prove greatly instrumental in accomplish
ing the wishes of the Richmond merchants."
i From Raleigh I to Oxford and
thence to Clarksville ' is ; a straight
shoot as straight as the' line of a
crow flight. It ?would tap 'the-Raleigh
& Augusta, and freights bound
North could go either by way of
Goldsboro or by Raleigh and Gaston,
or by a more direct route via Oxford
and Keysville. - -hSir'J--:-:l iivt
- But there is . still another . line
talked of and it is i believed that not
long hence will be placed "under con
tract. It is to extend the road from
Henderson across Franklin and
thence to " Williamstoh: 'f - A - road
from RoxboroV iu Person will - be
built, sooner or later, to some point
on the Richmond & Danville, either
at Oxford, or at Clarksville, or at
some intermediate point.' We note
these things because they concern
North- Carolina : and its material
prosperity. What concerns one por
tion of the State concerns all.
Mr. Randall's amendment,.' to
which we referred yesterday, after
being discussed and amended, passed
the House by an almost unanimous
vote. : The law applies to all bonds
bearing, interest higher than -4 per
cent. The amount to be ; issued is
not to exceed $400,000,000, the in
terest to be 3 per cent. Certificates
.cent, interest, returnable at pleasure
of the United States J after one year
and payable in ten years are to be is
sued . also.. The - bonds and certifi
cates tostand, pn the same footing,
an d the public . debt; is . not' to , be in-,
creased.,' The other features are as in
the original amendment.' rTbi8 ap
pears to be prudent and satisfactory
legislation and will ' no doubt " be re
sponded to by those concerned. . ; It
is the opinion of those whg are jo a
position to have the needed informal
tion that there wiU be no difficulty in
finding t takers jofj.the 3.. per cent',
bonds, : .. .-: C:; '.-U - :;-':
.The venerable Rev-Bennett
Blake, of. the Methodist Church,' who
resides in Wake .county and. is now
eighty-one years of :-aeyhasr'written
a very interesting sketch of1 the late
Rev. Josiah Crudup, of Granville
county.- It appears in the last Z?i&-
cal JXecorden It is a graceful, cau
tious and well deserved tribute from
an aged minister of-v one Church : to
an able and honored minister of an
other Church who-died - inM872 at
his home in Granville. The writer
prepared a sketch of Mr. Crudup at
that time at -i the ; request of his
brother-in-law. the late Bartholo
mew" F., Moore, Esq. Mr. . Blake
says of Mr. Crudup :
" Wherever he preached he was loved bv
' - Christian people of all denominations; the
colored people the slaves looked on him
as their living oracle; none regretted ' his
death more than they. -r WJ' 7 Through
all the chances of outward 'circumstances.
Mr. Crudrfjrs - popularity--as - at'preacber
never diminished. Few men have,' for so
long a period; maintained so ereit- unifor
mity in his manner ot life.-- Neither. in
creasing wealth nor ; multiplied : bonors
made any change' ins him : f s 1- - Had
Ik Juvk1 bua oo
5o8 ni ill ""Oif
f,!rr miitvin r?T:t
he concentraiedvb&TrjLTljidaDjthe acquteitioir
ol; wealth or worldly. honor, he ,had ihe
requisite endowments add acquirements to
have achkvedinccessin any. employment
oij profession. JIad Mr.,Crndap
,been to-day as he' was fifty years ago,1 'he
'wpuld have been i ihe. f tontrapfc of pnlpit
farid nlatfnrm nntnra " . ..
o President - Swain told . ns more
4uau inirxy years ago mat ne was
ono or ,tne aqiest men ever born in
. .. &r, ,
.fist political speaker of the State,
, t -!.. 'O iSViM-ti. t.it. U) (jTHS SlJ':v
not only; regarded him as a man of
ihigh abilities, put said the Governor,
ha did not makeVny thing out of Mr.
Ct 4fijyaiviti; -m vj-iwiv ,, 1
, rudup when he ran against nim. for
iew votes. fijov. owain saia mat no
cairv-ijrtsrday ereY excited so ;
muon jntereBi or exnioiteu buou, re
marable 'debating power'jas'tnat be-'
tween those two giants of Granville
and Orange. Dr. Pritchard's remi
niscence in theHecorder is interesting,
but what he eays of the rain is not as
we heard it from Governor Swain.
The two speakers. ".alternated! as to
who should open s each day.-' On the
last day of the cattyass Mr. Mangum
spoke first to a large crowd" when a
tremendous' rain came up arid dis
persed them, so Mr. Crudap had no
reply 1, The Governor Jsaid he had
heard Mr. Mangum laugh and say
that bnt for that rain Mr. . Crudup
would have beaten him, as he always
made votes when he had the reply.
Mr. Crudup had the most logical
and philosophical mind of any min
ister we have ever known in this
State. . He was a man of wealth, of
prpfound piety, of the highest charac
ter, and was revered in bis section as
no other man was. He could have
been easily first in 'any calling at
the bar, in politics, in the Church.
He was not ambitious, and after be
ing in congress one term, he never
entered political life againi .t, ?
, The'negro Elliott, T -whose memory
is savory ih South Carolinaj and Jim
Harriss, who was bribed " when a le--gislator,
and other colored men have
paid their visit to Gen." Garfield. El
liott was the spokesman and his utter
ances would ' be remarkable if they
were not so much like the ordinary
editorials of the" Northern Radical
press,1 when' the "organ grinders are
turning out doleful-campaign music.
Elliott must have committed to mem
ory one of the fearful diatribes of the
New; York Tribune or the Chicago
Infer Ocean'. It- reads yery much
like " one 'of the old editorials.- -'- The
North ' Carolin a part Of the visitors
know that the general arraignment of
the white people of this . State was
.Untrue. - But we do not propose to
go into the matter.: The address in
the main is libellous in -the extreme,
but it will-erycto"fresfienTup
ern antagonism and help; swell, the
mighty volume of falsebood. and de
famation. Butl bad as these colored
visitors represent their condition to
be, they will all remain in the terrible
South and hold all. the offices they
can. - Why do they . ; not go to the
friendly : North we wonder," and re
main ,: .. iwi-i-u. o-ii H-i
' 'The impression "in Washingtpn is
that Garfield will give more conside
ration lo.iuose, woo .nomiuaieu mm
without antagonizing the'Grant 'set
unnecessarily. : It is thought he will
pus no straignt-out uranuve m ine
Cabinet, but .will give Vice-President
Waeeler a place if he sp. desltes.' It
is thought heyill give Batisf action to
doui oi me, new irn rvauicai iao
tions: ;: - "":-'i's rf'iivS.-
It is now said that at the tail end
of the 46th Congress, Bisbee, Re
publican . from . Florida,"will be .de
clared entitled. ;to .the ,t seat filleoVby
Hull, Democrat.. So the people must
pay for two Representatives from'one
district, , This is.,a great abuse, and
in the case of Bisbee. would ; have
been remedied long ago, if he really
has any claim to the seat. ' ' - v'
Sad i Aceldent Reported Xioaa , of
" It; is reported ; that two young men,
Messrs Washington add :JameB - Autry, of
Bladen county,; lost their lives urn a timber
raft which was carried into Brunswick
river from, the Cape Fear, four miles above
thiscity.about dusk Friday evening.' There
were five' faftsiff company coming down
the Cape Fear, and all were carried Into'
Brunswick river by the jstrong tide and a
gale of ., wind blowing at t the c,time. .The
men on four of lhe";rafta npanaged to get
aahQre-everal of ' them making 'narrow
escapes from drowning in ' doing so; but
the two young men mentioned remained on
their raft and haye not since been heard of,
altbbugh .it, with ,' the other rafts j which
were abandoned, was found- yesterdayin
the neighborhood of the fatties' below ; tbia
city! w-l . -', -, iJ.k (..
North Carolina, and that the late
iUnn. VVilliA lJ- AT an orn m thnn ln
Tie Xavte Inrmicl4e. in Pander
A gentleman- from Pender gives ua falser
prticul&rsof the case of alleged infanticide
alhided to by ua a few days ago, for which .
one Abbey Howard, a young colored .wo
man,' about 13 years of age", waa brought
here and committed to jail: f It seems that
she was staying with her mother atid step
father between the 18th ajnd ,19th anile
te.i Oa Thursday, the fJOth of Decem
ber, oa account of some misunderstanding,
she aojl her child, which was about ;fifteeu
mdnths old, ' were - driven away from- her
mother's bouse. She then - went to lite
house of one Emanuel 3IcNeill and oacssd'
"Ih uightt btit was driven forth . from bis
House the rollowing morning for theeame
reason, it is supposed, that she was' drivea
from her. motberu- house the day before.
fthl brought up at a houeo wliue
a watch meetibg was in progress, bat with
out her child i-,'Here. sfife met hrister, whp
w anted to kn ow w h at had. become'; of the
child ' She at first gave evasive answers, bat
finally Siid that it died the night before and J
she had: buried it that .morning.;, .This;
silenced further inquiry for the time being,'
but a few days aftet wards her stepfather
appeared and insisted upon knowing what
had. become of the child,; and, if dead,"
where it was buried, when she finally vol-
unteered to conduct her stepfather, sister
and others to the place where she had de-
... ... r . . ri . .. ,
posited iu After going on some time she'
finally came to a halt in the middle of a foot
path about a mile and a half from her .mou
ther's house and a short distance from . thB
main road, and 6aid she left it there. There
were no signs of the body, but after looking
about for a while the remains were finally
fOtiud behind a clump of bushes; hear the
edge of a pond, where it was lyipg in thB
midst of a lot of ice and with its skull
i - - . - - V . . . .. V .1
crushed in. Near the body was a club
which bore indications of having been the
weapon used in killing the child. Special
Coroner Richard W. : King subsequently
held an inquest over the remains, he jury
returning a verdict in accordance with the
facts as detailed above. The( weather,j it
will be remembered, was intensely cold at
the timeihe woman was thrust out from
the .house of her .- mother . and that of the
man McNeill, and it is thought that the
child was" slain by - its ignorant and de
praved mother in a fit of desperation 1 .
Tbe Taxei of New Hanover. -
f) General S.'H. Manning, Sheriff of New
Hanover county, settled in full with Elijah
Hewlett; County Treasurer, yesterdsy 'eve
ning, the county taxes for 188Q, Tzbich are
classified as follows: ;i ; ' ,
For School Fnnd.V. .. . . . . ... i .$10,240.24
For General Fund . . ...... . . .... 35,145.10
For Special Fund. ............. 7,399.97
: Total.... :..:..:;;$52,785.31
The Sheriff settled : the State taxes on
Saturday, laat, i paying j the; same over to
State Treasurer Worth, for which he now
holds a receipt, as follows:' . ' .
Public tax. . . ..... ... i ...... 6,309.72
Special tax (Insane Asylum and 1
Institution for Deaf, Dumb 1
- and Blind). . ......... . i . . ... 2,840.74
For erection of Penitentiary and -'
support of convicts......... 2,840.74
To pay interest on State debt. . . . 6,766.44
: Total State tax, .
Total County tax.
j.-.;. yr-r $71,602.85
J i' We doubt if any other Sheriff in the
State has been as prompt as ours in the
settlement of theonntyax -Important
' Mr. Joseph L. Barlow, of this city, ex
hibited to us yesterday a patent he received
af few .days since for, bis air and vapor
tight barrel, It is claimed to be one of the
most valuable and useful inventions of the
preseBt day, can be used for spirits tur
pentine or any other volatile or inflamma
ble oils, and is in very way complete, eco
nomical and safe. The' barrels when de
livered are guaranteed air and vapor tight,
and ara therefore not subject to the usual
incidental expenses before shipping. It is
claimed that tljey,. will more than pay for
themselves in three shipments. They can
be repeatedly used, and, with proper care
will last for at least two years. - The great
need of the trade has been to get a barrel
that would be proof against the usual leak
age! and evaporation, and in; this respect it
is claimed Mr.; Barlow's barrel will com
pletely fill the bill. It also does a way alto
gether with the operation of glueing. It is'
further claimed that it is valuable for hold
ing-spirits turpentine for future sales, be
ing- always ready at a moment's notice,
while it will prove of great convenience a
captains and crews of vessels loaded with
Bpirits during long voyages'. It jrill also
prove a great safeguard against fire in con
sequence of the metal lining; thus lessening
the rate of insurance. In fact, it is claim
ed that thousands of dollars can be saved to
the ; trade 'that are pb w lost in consequence
of the insecurity of the barrels.' We no
ticed yesterday a test barrel that had been
filled with ' spirits turpentine and placed
under a heavy pressure, and after standing
two months and a half; part of which lime
it was exposed to the weather, , there is no
sign of leakage or evaporation. . Repairs
can be made upoa these: barrels without
removing the heads or hoops. Twenty-
five of them will be sent on a' foreign voy
age to further test their value.1 It is ex;
pected to commence their manufacture on
an extensive scale, giving employment lb
a number of men and boys, and it is hoped
that oar merchants will hot let .the .patent
go into the bands of strangers." "iWe . under
stand that Mr. Barlow has had several
propositions to dispose of his patent.:
, . - Raleigh Visitor'. ' Dr. Skinner
.made a fine speech at Tucker Hall - last
night, to a fine audience. - The galleries
and the main body oi the Hall were
crowded. . -
hf- waiidered'JbduttiTlng tbtlayi
and that nifihl broucbt ud at a houeowliue :
1 i jfT-r. " r- .. a. i',- "
-A-slight-oHiand -man - j ie-
liffbfing the people if Warrenton nftdi Oj- ,
Mr. Steele, "of North :CHrlina. "-.
has, by rittfcorof
mittee, , reported ad vetselyoji.tbi; b:Jffr'r
l'y and it was laidTre tbainbhrr- - - --
j WilsSn' :sWt hav?s- .
never knowfcuch JMrct!,-fl, -in Wfn
.Wilson before; " lt inituwt- miMaFhle'tw '
reht a houses at" anyipVe.'S mvVf? lnr -5"
moneyed mew ought-oau?jit tmows itqii-rf ei
qner8 at the Jaoattry me&la&ritteXittitrt"
the ofBce'VaCaot'afuiiMirocewleir aei-o tvT-3 i
IfciKoonce, ;be Demoernttc candiUtte-'pf -' -
oeculisr eottcideal wiilch iis ix-fHa. uurt
gourntiisuc Dretnreo oi, uuraam nmt ue,ic$'i - v
ville . J They are' aif 4i a S ihe ' Legfsfauf i1'
Webster. Representativer. and :vftr-retKti -
jag clerk, bptfrora. ReiByllle.,. Gren ,.
jepresentattVeV arid t' C5ttneron eiigrossiiig'-'1-'1
ciera-, ircnx uttraam. -tcoi lqTt- -,'.--. ,l
r-" Th taurinburg Enterprise . v,
that Mr. Ernest Wright, aged 22, and roar-
nep,' wessmit rn tne'tmumen by-a negro
uiau.ui puicijt u-quicu. j i ugr wore iraui8g it
biajlols. While engaged tbus iu.pou versa
tioh M.Wr1gM"nehiaprtls'obr Hb4
'jut for tun, whereupon the negro dV lis, ,
pistol a&g ebOt JiJ.r. IWright ilirt.u.tt jhs ;.,-u
abeonren aird ran off. - ? ..:-.;- ,
f Pittsbord liecordi rA negro
woman .named Fanny. Bray left her i wo
children, one'two years'okt and tbe otbt-r '
four, in her cabin wbile she Went off tor a -6horl
lime; and whn she returned the
ioana tne i nouse Durnu down, tbe older
child badly burnt' and the younger one fa
tally. We. regret to learn thai Mrp.
Lary liawrence of LSucaborne township, .
Was tecently thrown trout a buggy and tv.
verely Injured. . . '. r " ' "
Raleigh News-Observer i. Ihe t ;
dignified and useful Senator from the First '' 1
Senatorial district. Mr. Mannlne. of Gates. . .
is a brother of Chief Justice Mannings who L:;
has .receatly; been appointed by tne Gi- 4
vernor of .Louisiana a senator io (Jongress. .
The committee of druggists, appointed:,
by; the North5 Carolma-Pharmaceutical: -
Association, on a .pharmacy law, will meet'
in this city on Tuesday, next, the 18th inst. .
w e learn tnai tee news or tbe deatb or
the bishop .was received -in Washington. ...
with almost oniversal regret. It will be
remembered that" Bibhop Atkinson ' cou-T
firmed W. W. Corcoran, and married Sena-: i
tor and Mrs. Bayard, . Mr. Corcoran was
warmly attached to him.. - - - i
Charlotte Observer : MrB. A.
W. iLLexander died at the residence of her .
husband. Dr. Alexander, Wednesday night
at 12.30 o'clock. She leaves a large circle
of. friends. , The coroner yesterday ;
evening, waiviDg the objection to the verd- r
ict in the Whisnant inquest, arrested David -: '
Lockman. conductor of tbe first eection of
the colliding trains. Xiockman was com
mitted to Ihe sheriff and was to be taken to " -
Lincoloton this morning to have a hearing,-. .
wilq engineer wiesenoery, oerore juage
individual named in the verdict, will be ; :
arrested remains with the coroner. ,
i --r Raleigh ' ubews- Observer: The -North
Carolina- 4 per cent., consolidated y-i
bonds Were put on the market in July,
1880, and were quoted at 60 cents; August. '
75: September,. 75: October, 77; November,
78i; December, 82. , These are now quoted
at 84.- The construction bonds,. North !
Carolina Railroad, lwiih couoons. 'were:
January, 1879, 87; February, QO; April,
1U0; August, loy; December, 111. They
are cow quoted at 115. t With coupons
off; the quotations were: January, 1879,
78; March, 80; July, 88; December, 92, and
they : have I Btood about ' that figure ever
since, , being : quoted now at 90: -..North
Carolina 6's, old, were quoted at 26 in
January. 1880; Marcb, 29; August, SO; De- -
cember, 32, and they are .now quoted av
32. Io like manner . the - boDds Issued .
since the war -have advanced- from 15 in 1
January, 18S0, to 21; .the present quotation - .v
and Bpecial tax bonds that were qnbled at
2 cents in July are now held af7.
' Durham Plant: - There were ' -several,
accidents happened to the sleigh ;
riders last week, but none were seriously
injured except the two young bloods who -.
traveled some .distance on . their heads.
-Population of the town of Durham,
2,107j; Durham ; proper, 3,640; Durham
townBhip, 5,566: valuation of property list-, .
ea nn jjurnam townsnip in . isa, r&i,
187.00; State tax paid in 1879, $2.747.71 ;
county tax paid in 1879, $3,120:20; valua
tion of property listed for taxation in 1880,
$1,584,188.00; ; State tax- paid in . 1880,: .
$5,121.87; -. county t tax paid in .. 1880,.
tv AQO OQ. H artinttnt - mntttflin.1 n.Mu '
erty listed for the town of Durham, 1880, - - '
$983,944 00; tax paid by Durham town, '
$3,442 80;- mercantile : business done in '
Durham in 1880, $650,000; : cotton trade,
$210,000; amount of manufactured tobacco '
sold during the year 1880, $2,008,000; reve
nue tax paid to the U. S.' Government, -$627,118
21; leaf tobacco cold during the
year 1880, $1,650,000. .
1 -tr 'Ra.eigh2fews-Observer. Statist .
tics are given from the census reports that . '
are very gratify ing to Americans,, but there : - .
is one portion of. the report that" should
cause every American to stop and ponder. " .
The item; as given- shows that -Americana ;
expended during tbe yeat 1880 the sum of .
$600,000,000 for intoxicating liquors and ' ;
beer, which means that each of the ten '
million voters in the land averaged an ex-- '
penditureof $60, for liquors;- - -It will
delight the lovers of the stage to know that .; ;
Mr. John T. Raymond will appear here on
Mrs. Elizabeth Hayes, wife of the late Rev. -
Henry B. Hayes, died at 9 o'clock yes
terday morning, at her home on Blood
worth street, aged about , 75 years. : ; .
Tbe Capitol is now better heated than ever
before. : Coal is replacing wood as fuel, i It .
should be and probably will be heated with
steam before the next session : of the As
sembly. The inauguration" ball will be '
given at Tucker Hall, Tuesday evening. . It ,
will be the fashionable event of the sea-son. '. I
I The next instalment In the payment
on the Western .North Carolina Railroad
Will be paid promptly. Mr. Best has the - '
funds ready, $30,000." : -..-J .
f ; Goldsboro Messenger: We learn ;
from the Orphan's Friend that tbe Christ--
.... 41.m- il ... A...
the citizens of Goldsboro was highlv en
joyed by the' little ones. The Friend.
makes acknowledgment of it, and also of' '
$12 received from Wayne Lodge,; the pro- t.
ceeds of the Mendelsohn entertainment.
flour,", offered by Messrs. R. M.; Freeman r '
& Co., to the Sampson County Agricultural
Society, as a premium on rice, was award- ,
ed ta J4aj4 Thos.ylfciPugb.-.of Sampson. v;
nnnn t . for IhA Koof. rira nn nvhihi'llnn
the Ssmpson Fair. ,. The jail of Pam-r 4
lico county is cow without an inmate :
au uegrujcii in jau umrieu at me recent ;j
term of the. Superior Court has succeeded 6
in making his escape :'by burning out"
Maj. Ball Armstrong died at his resi
dence. in Pamlico county, on tbe 30th nit. -v
He Was coroner of Pamlico and a most es
timable citizen. He leaves a wife and three " -soiall
children to mourn his loss.-;- The
circulation of cut. Iranscript Messenger Ihe j -V
5 Kinston Journal : D. Illlatyt'
hi the - sheriff cfa& W jVlueh; "fined'
ite" a skirsfafrtbfy-BiV'iilo't't "Hfi-,ciuto s- ' v
past year, shows an increase of fully 1,0Q0. f . -i-ji.Tbe
relatives of Dr. W. J. Starbdck-inil
thin r.nmmnnitv havA rftftfii'vp.rl 'th r!nfnl r -v..
intelligence of his sudden death, from eon- '
sumption, in Georgia, where he has been1 '
for several -months hopinz to recruit hi .,
I health. - Dr. Starbuck. was .formerly ea '
gaged in the drug business here. " Jt A