-7 ir- v . -
$1 .50 V Year, in advance. .
iri ai co r s no t-ao e e 3 s V jg gj g j
"v; jr. -r
s s s
i o iio o t- oo o oj jj is g g g
Eutat the Post Office , at Wilmington,
;' ...N. C, aa second-class matter. J .
.The subscription price of the Wekk
t ' Star is as follows :
Single Copy 1 year, postage paid, 1.50
6 months. " . " 1.00
UATIIKK THK IBBnOKIAL
, . THIS PAKT,
We are glad to learn from the
Raleigh News- Observer that there is
some prospect that after the lapse of
fifteen years since the war closed
steps to form an organization for
.North Carolina will be taken, the ob
ject of which is 'to gather up the his
toric material of the Slate, and to
! band down to an born generations
" he story of the brave deeds and;
suffering" of the 125,000 brave men
h w-re called into he war. This
ought .to have been done long ago.
Many inl rrsting and instructive
facta (! incident .have bren forever
loroltei lrt-adyor lie buried with
m roes who have passed away within
-1 sT l.ivt decade. Bui better late than
i ever. North' : Carolina heretofore
ii i- -howti but Units iiiterebt in pre
ervH'g hi-tory. YY hen duty called and
history was to be made, there, have
bt-en no people- who were more
prompt to teepond. The history of
ih - Revolutionary . war has never
been, fairly-and justly related by any
historian who has essayed the task.
Tue Northern historic, full and
elaborate as some are noiaoly' Ban
croft i'itrtL f llildretb-tfo f notfgive
many important historical facts con
nected with North (Carolina. The .
. Northern school histories, and books
ot '.greater pretension like Ridpath'a
"History of the United States," only:
. gve glimpses of our- Slate history.
Some of the moat heroic druggies of
, . . - . , 00 .- . .
the Revolution that occurred within
our borders arc overlooked entirely.;
. Thus far our State has not received
eveubanded justice as to. the late
war. The historians and romancists
wh treat of that period are from
otht-r Statue. ' Take . Gettysburg.
-We do not believe there are five men
iu the North and not very many in
thi South beyond our own State lim
its, who know' precisely what, part
North .Carolina soldiers bore in that"
tremendous fight. The perversion of
the tracts is to be attributed mainly
to newspaper writers immediately
after the fight j and to the statementg
rnpt.ated so often by Virginia writers
upon the war. But this matter - was
ko thprooghly ventilated two or three
years ago we will ' not venture upon,
-We merely instanceGettysburg to
show how much injustice is done.
If one of the most memorable strug
gles of the country is so written as to
ignore what gallant soldiers jdid, and
the deeds of others are glorified at
their expense, it is high i time that
North Carolina should take care of
the fame of her own gallant boys.
When soch men, natives and. soldiers
of other Staiesas Hampton, Hood,
A, P. Hill and D. H. Hili give the
bouquet to Nofth Carolina as having
sent the best soldiers to the war there
is surely no cause why we may not be
exceeding proud of them, and why we
may not take special pains to perpeU
nate t-MP memory of their glorious
deeds. ! -
So we are glad that some" associa
tion is talked of looking to this end.
The JNews- Observer says an organi
zation may ,be formed at the next
State Fair. We hope it will be done,
and that an j authentic, accurate, full
history of North Carolina during the
war of the States will be prepared.
A joint' resolution has been intro
duoed in the Senate by Mr. Dortch,
of . Wayne, i providing for : the pub
lishing of a complete Roster of North
Ca rolin a sold iers The Roster , is al
ready prepared. 7" Gov. Vance .had
" this attended to during'the war and
he (Jeserves ,the gratitude of . Nqrth
Carolinians : for his thoaghtfaloess.
Maj. J. W, Moore is to have charge
of th publication. : This is one step
an important one. - A copy of this
Roster should be sent to 'every pab
lip library in the" United States N
, .When it is known that within four
years North Carolina'; sent 12,000
more soldiers to; the war than : he
white vote of the State prior to 1861,'
it will give it a' position abroad! it
has not now. When it U knowo.tbat
North Carolina lost j mora men ittian
any other State in the South it: ill
tell the wofidliaTbt.8old;r, 6wire
close up where men bleed and cfie.
Jo i the battles ' around Kichmoind
North Carolina ldst more than 5,0j00
men killed aulAttndedf.ave
vney exceea 3,30Q. expiusive of those
in the Brigade hospitals. At Spott
sylvania, North Carolina lost' again
more than 5,000 men. ' These facts
should be brought out. Said Gen.
Hood in ' our hearins in his . Yar-
borough House speech, "If I had
to give the bouquet ; to that
State which did best in the war
that furnished the most men and
the best men I should be compelled
rom a sense of justice' and fairness
to bestow it upon North Carolina. I
do not say this because I am here to
night the recipient of-your courtesies.
had large observation. I served in
Virginia and in the other army that
operated farther South, and I, know
that North Carolina deserves all I
hanre said. . m: , ' . . :'.: ;
Let the new association .begin' its
work in earnest. Let a complete, ac
curate, ; history of North Carolina,
from 1861 lo 1865, be published. If
it. will i-ecu re this it will have done a
very great, important, and patriotic
service, iet the work be written.
not in. the interest of this section or
that; not to blow the trumpet of this
General or that; not to praise the
deeds of one command at tbe expense
of another.but let tl be written in the
interests of truth, candor, and f a
broad' patriotism that knows no en-
mitieff, nofavoritesr.'oo pwtty' preju
dices, and then vend it forth to the
world. Let tome great publishing
house have charge of itYa it may be
circulated beyond . the State. .The
hardest duty of the Association will
be to find the right man to do the
important work. .
We copy from the Raleigh News-
Observer some comments upon, the
two bills passed incorporating : two
narrow., gauge railroad companies.'
We agree with bur Raleigh contem
porary that these roads are specially
adapted to the needs of oar State.
We have thought for years that in
stead of building broad . gauge roads
in many sections it would have been
better every way if the other kind
bad been preferred.1 We read within
a year or so an excellent illustrated
paper in Scribner upon the narrow
gauge roads of Wales, aud we were
confirmed fully in our previous con
victions aa to their peculiar adaptabil
ity 5 to Western " Carolina.' ' When
their excellence, cheapness of original
cost and of .running expenses are
considered, it will convince the most
reluctant legislator that the narrow
gauge road is the one for all . sections
of our State save when great trunk
j . '' '. ' v "if;
lines are to be constructed: r ; L 1 1
As a supplement to our leader of
yesterday,' we copy a paragraph from
Gov, Vance's address: delivered be
fore the Southern. Historical Society
in 1875, which shows how strong
North Carolinians were in the Army
of Northern' Virginia. Gov. Vance
said: - ;
"Of the four Divisions. D. H. Hill's. A.
P. Hill's. Loogstreei'd and Jackson's, which
assailed tod put to route -McClellan's right
on the Chickahominy there were 92 regi
ments, ol wnicn 40 regiments were rtortn
Carolioians. This statement I make upon
tbe authority of one of the Division Com
' - This explains why -wa.s North
Carolina sustained a loss of more
than 5,000 men in the Seven Days',
fight, as we said yesterday. : . , i J
1 1 f 44,... :: j .... , t,. f:t:
Suppose a man were to do you a
grievous r wrong? , - Suppose -. after
some years he were to tell you that if
circumstanced as he was st the -time
he injured you he would do again as
he bad .done before ?." Suppose be
were toias a'great p,erso.nal favor of
you after that, and refuse r; to. make
any acknowledgments whatever,
what would yous 4o r Would 1 you
turn the"otber,rcheek?7;Would .you
give him your coat and your ulster ?
There is a bit of politics in the above.
Do yon see lty t.
IWILMINGTON, N. C, FfijD AYTBRTJARY : 11881.; . ;;
THE PBOMIS OF OUTTOIf JDlIIiI.8.,
, A Mr. D. M. Thompson has, pub
lished a book that is deVoted in 'part
to cotton planting in the South- and
cotton manufacturing." We have
not seen it, but we have seen extracts
from it. i We judge that he is unwil
ling to admit that the South has the
advantage over the North in cotton
manufacturing.., He admits it has
some advantages,' but be insists also
that the North has advantages . over
the South. We copy a paragraph or
.so to show in -what spirit he writes.
Hesayg' x :'"w:.v: .." '
. - "The advantages claimed for the North'
era 'manufacturer are precisely what baa
been claimed by tbe people of Great Britain
against the competition of, .New England,'
and which untUrecent!y were generally
believed to be just. New Eaelana manu
facturers have conclusively, demonstrated'
that tbe claim of Great Britain, as fioUaT .
together! welMfoundsaV although England
still possesses some points of advantage. In
like manner tbe North possesses certain ad-,
vantages over the South, which tbey will
doubtless always continue to retain. t
." The chief advantage in favor of South
ern mills ia cheap cotton. ; Comparatively
the mill at the North must use bigb-cost
cotton. Now the measure of tbe advantage
or disadvantage is determined by tbe char
acter of the goods made ; the amount of
cotton consumed ; its relation to. the labor
expended upon it ; and the amount of capi
tal invested." . ' . j
After discussing the advantages
and disadvantages as to the character
of goods manufactured,' he says " the
South has the advantage decidedly
in the production of coarse goods,
whilst the North has the advantage
in the fine, i The Stab during the
last; fivej years has had. dozens of
editorials upon the subject of cotton
manufacturing in the South. It has
often contested the opinions of Norths
ern writers who sedulously strove to
to show that New England had real
advantages over the South. Mr
Thompson evidently does not share
in their sweeping opinions." Whilst
he claims for ; New England certain
advantages he thinks it will always
hold, he concedes that in coarse goods
the South haj the advantage. We
cannot 'now understand why in the
future the South may not overcome
those advantages claimed for New
England at preseut and appropriate
them as her own. When Northern
capitalists who are experienced cot
ton manufacturers transfer their mills
to the South." or at any rate their
''-V''vvl'.i',,-Tr:'':..' -'... :,..:,
capital and experience, , then, we
apprehend, the advantages now
claimed for New England will begin
Already Northern cotton manufac
turers arej beginning to make invest
ments in the South. . The New York
paper entitled Cottorr says that New
England manufacturers have been ex
amining the subject of cotton manu
facturing in the South with lively in
terest, and that -u we are on tbe eve of
an extensive transfer of this great in
dustry from the North to the South."
Mr. Thompson lives at Providence,'
Rhode Island, and is said to be good
authority in mill engineering. He
reaches the conclusion that Vno in
vestment so safe and few so profita
able can be found as in the manufac
ture of coarse goods in the South, and
the time is not far distant when all
of this class of goods produced in
this country will be made in the
.south." j i - y,t"
'As to whether cotton manufactur
ing is profitable or not in the South
there can be no sort of mistake in ar
riving at' a correct conclusion.; - Take
the Augusta, Ga., mills for instance
The "' Augusta Factory has" 24,200
spindles,' 800 looms, capital stock
1600,000. The gross earnings amount
ed to 12 24-100, per cent, of capital
stock. .The Cotton says mills in the
North producing the same " class ot
goods show but little difference in
the cost of labor. It says there is
room for" ia-further-rreduotionin the
cost of labor in the South. : It thinks
that whenever the Southern mills are
operated at a' higher rate of speed
(as has been the case in New Eng
land during the last six years) that
less help will be lequired, and ' con
sequently the labor cost will be less,
'- But there are other mills that
show excellent results. n Wo quote
from Cotton: . - f ' '-' j
"The Langley Mill, at Langley, 8. O., has
10,000 spindles, representing a capital of
$40 per spindle, or $400,000. .With, this
enormous amount tbey - have never paid
less than 8 per cent, dividends per annum
during tbe past ten years, and in January
of 1879 had accumulated a surplus 01 S75.
000. They report a profit last year of 22
per cent: The Van Cluse Mill, owned by
the Granite Mill Manufacturing Company.
has 10,000 spindles aud 800 looms, and is
one of the best mills of its class in the
country. They report a profit of 21 per
cent, last year. "
The Piedmont MiH,' hear Greenville. 8.
a, is a i mill Of 19,624 spindles,- 240 looms
(part yarn), capital stock ot $335,000.; They
report a profit last year of 251 per cent, 5 is
a fine mill of its class, similar to tbe Van
These facts and -figures are full of
pneouragempnt, VVe considered re
cently, the profits fef the millg.ujtj
the Clement Attaphment, s6 we,Dtent
them to-day in th discnssieni ;'The
t .... m i.am t
t is 'i&bed?tWSW:.f''n0 Unidtf teired
V we suppose and'btfeaf-'1 theecroSekmeAtHf meLic
extensively, we sursose," and befeaf-
ter other statisticsfwill biacceible.
.There is no reasos yet offered why
cotton manufacturing may l not pe
come a great iodtsuy in: tbe Sotjiht
By1 1 890 . the reftfra wiil alM
JNew Enrrland it mav be. ivi dJ I ted
PBO POSITION TV XUKtr WT& lK,
THE ELBOTeBS1I.I.SaK. 4
Senator -Wallace.' aba' a7e t ri&
wise Democratienajr itUH'Ss ImfM
sylVania, has intro.iiweaiiclayMaalSbt be'seetrtSll
iution that we hopuWJtll passjIijsj
so amend the CoastitaiatVastAlKw
the people id;voceJdirriUytijsFxf sf
having recourse to the elomsy circum
locutory, way of an Electoral College.
A srect ballot is to be used, and each
State is to be divided into as maqy
districts as it has members of ; Con
gress, including both Houses. : If a
senator is not a member of CJongrees
what is he a member of I Mr. Wal
lace's resolution needs - rewording
just here, for it speaks of Senators as
if a Senator was a member of some
thing else. ; . Each district in ; each
Stale is to ' have one vote. ' The whole
machinery of counting is set forth. .
What we are now specially concerned
about is to . get rid of the . present
manner of voting. Garfield- will be
inaugurated if he lives, and yet . Han
cock has a clear majority over him
of 6,332. votes.' Let the, people have
the privilege of voting for' the man
of their choice. .The Democrats lost
certainly one vote for, Hancock iu the
Electoral , College through the ; un
popularity of ; a California : elector.
The vote for eleotora varies greatly,
so under the present systern ; H ' is
possible for the electoral vote of a
State to be divided whilst there may
be a decided majority for one candi
date among the people.. ;: . . j .
But the chief objection to the sys-r
tern lies in its failure to correctly re
flect the will of the people.. . Hayes
was counted in with a popular major
rity against him of over a quarter of
a million. r Garfield goes in as fl mH
nority candidate. Lincoln was in ithe;
minority more than a million votesw
In this country the theory is that
majorities rule. That is the theory
no w, but wben the Eleotoral College
system was devised it - was not in
tended that the people should have
any, hand in electing - a xresiaent.
To present this . a A thoroughly un
democratic plan 'was hit upon, the
one now in use, that , sends Garfield
into the Presidential office, with a
majority of over six thousand against
him. Time. :. trial, experience have
demonstrated that tbe Electoral Col-
i ... .. i . . i
lege is a failure, at once unequal, dan
gerous and cumbrous. It was the re
sult of a compromise. It is known
to all the students' of the Constitu
tion that among its f framers there
were many : variant, views, andthat
two parties from the first hour antag-
oniaad in : the ' Convention. -These
two parties represented . two sets of
ideas and principles that were as op
posite as the two. poles, jjrhe one
was sui charged with the old Mon
archical ideas of England ; the other
were the friends, of tbe ; people and
and true Democrats in its best sense.
. .... , ...... -'. '- - - -- V-'-.-"1 - - :' f-' ... .
One party did not mean to let the
people select a . President having
no . confidence in ; the j masses r but
believed greatly in their own wisdom
intelligence, . r, virtue and patriotism.;
Tbey wanted to rule. t They wanted
to be aristocrats. The other, party
believed in a government of the pep
pie, and ; for the people and by the
people. .They were . ; opposed to, the
theory .that .after getting rid of.- one
tyranny there was wisdom and safety
in : : setting up another,, tyranny.'
Hence, they were for the people. rul-
ing.; ! The Electoral r CoUegCj was a
compromise as we bave aaid, c It was
to be a barrier between the people'
the democracy, and-the:President.
The 8tsuggle was long- and many
theories were broabhed. if It must be
remembered thai the men : ot .that
era : were - making jtn o v experiment.
They were forming a Government on
a plan at '.once novel . and without a
precedent. Qn the nal ,vote for
each State to appoint electors North
Carolina voted no. The.f act is7tnis
State has 'always held that the people
should iruleWeneyetJNorth Caroli
na has had to act she has stood by the
people.1;" Her, whole .history for, niore
than two hundred years is strong
protest against tyranny, .oppression
and wronsr. She has always rcon-
tended foy tha -laraest lihartvli'' MieANf
- . . o--- . " . i . .
waMhe last State but one "n the
gret-iBdentUre and ltrW;onie a'paH
"cratid t&tuf "raoHArchicai j ideas. She
i would 5 nevf have' come : ioto the
UiHtrt iPhiwa4d liave foreseen that
i h'e UrbHtovetnTOent 'Ideas' -wste to'
fast. " ' "
The - EBBWral ' 0olleW' wWbor
k6yteAikt4i an, but
nder'the circtia iiv" . 4.72ZZ
'eWed tStfthaf th&tfSiotJ vi?
tb:fbl bot lws1?3n'd Vra6us;cbffiprbn5-
I aes. The Philadelphia IMnW,1 tffatW
of a change:- -k ' i .-!?, ":' -
- . "Down to 1834 the electors were chosen
in many of the States by the Legislatures.
With tbe question of their 'selection the
people had practically nothing whatever to
do. - Delaware, , Georgia, Louisiana, , New
York and Vermont followed this practice
up to the year above mentioned, but at the
present time the electors are . chosen in
every State in the Union by the people
that is, so far as tbe people can choose
anybody. -: Tbey are practically cbosen by
tbe gentlemen who control the machine,
and all the latitude the people are allowed
ia to vote for one of tbe.seta of electors tbe
managers of tbe numerous' machines ; may
see fit to present to them, ilo , the muta
tions of our politics tbe theory of the Elec
toral College has' been departed from and
its practical operation, as we have it today,
is vicious in tbe extreme. Tbe Electoral
College ia a sort of constitutional dynamite
mine, which, aa we saw in ; 1870, may ex
plode at any-time. Tbe part of patriotism
a to get rid of it."
1 'We do- not now stop to consider
the plan' for counting the Presiden
tial popular vote or for counting the
Electoral vote if that inefficient and
really dangerous system is to be con
tinued. We fear Mr. Wallace's bill,
like so many others that look to . a
change for the good of the country,
will not only meet with violent op
position but will be defeated. : T
i Some one sent us a marked copy of
the Washington World, , containing
a long . article on Hob. Kenneth
liayner, well known to North Caro
linians of a quarter of a century ago.
The object of the article is to give
the Judge, for such he is now, a
boom for a Cabinet apDOintment.
Mr Raycer left; North Carolina, of
which be is a
He is a man of decided
i - iff r .! 1
ability, and was at one time one of
the leading Whig members of the
House of Representatives. He saw
proper to identify himself with 'the
Republican party and got a fat office.
We cannot say that we are anxious
for him to receive a Cabinet appoint
ment. That he would not be the
weakest man if selected we are sure,
but be would not' be credited to North
Carolina and vould - not - have great
nfl uence in a body made up mainly
of Stalwarts, : however kindly dis
posed he' might be to the South. i If
a a ortn uaroanian is to be chosen
we would prefer,: one who .is more
thoroughly identified with our people
than i Judge Rayner is. But our
preferences will not avail anything.
Here is the way "JSildad" of the
Richmond State puts the case of Mar
tin vs. Yeates in his letter from Wash-
ingtbn'of 27th r , ui
"Martin, Republican, has represented tbe
First district of North Carolina for nearly
two years, during wb tea xeates, Democrat,
has contested his seat At last the Com
mittee on Elections reports by a party-vote
tbat yeates ougbt to bave tbe- seat, lbe
Kepublicans want at least four hours, they
say, to discuss the matter in: the House.
it xeaies8noua oe seaiea ne wiu uraw
$10,000 for services during the next month,
just as if he had served for the two yeats
for wmcb Martin Has already been paid.
Last week Hull, of Florida, Democrat, was
turned out and Busbee; Republican, seated.
Both drew pay for the year and. eleven
months that one held the seat"
y How, long must these ' things con
tinue ? Oby for a.few 'grains' of good
Otinna aAnan" t.n' 'rtinf.rinnf.ft mnnor
wwwww " - O
the 'Nationar Solons. -' Would ; fipt
a little plains old fashioned honesty
help also? '., .'If i :
. The Democrats have been thwart
ed in the United State House in some
of their measures, for want of a quo
rum.. Absenteeism is the curse of
our party.... -.Whj will men run: for
an office that takes them to Washing
ton when they, have suchca distaste
for that place. We . know Hots ..of
clever fellows who would moBt gladly
take the 1 5,000 salary and enter into
bonds that they would not leave Wash
ington for a day and never dodge ia
vote and take all the free drinks that
were handed round. .. But it is time
this Democratic absenteeism business
-was stopped. . It is feared that the
electoral count will iail from . this
cause; - : . , . ;
1 A regiment of volunteers from the
North Are to visit New Orleans du
ring the Mardi Gras festivities.' -
MiaRiiilc M'Uer;WSnrf4 t
't be : small . atern-wheel steamer ClirUdni
piyiag between tbis city and .BaoDermnn s
Bridge, oa "the Northeast Kiver.fo finder
county; suck- at tbe wharf-ofiMfi'7J Ait
Springers coal 'and ; wqod ariddtdbWeB
t Priacess :'aod Cbesnut strf etft, t yesleiiday
I white and seven or eight rplored ,mea
morning; about 4 oV:loc;Tbe.reiwa4otie:
ipe uuat ai tue iiuie, tue lormer uccupjiug
ther captain's 1 office. whefnch'? were
f startled--by theJ crakiagjfoou0a
r v J ...
jM - ateamer ktsiaktasd I1 piddiu&m hasb.fttf wud we 4hWfci5ib 'uo of
ww , . Ii... ilci.k'L .1. "f
Hedt i btf. siLexw aH jofc TWbdjBE d were.
TasJeepI Theereiwbo WSfe jfl tbrdnkt
bad., ihe greatest .jdifflc!
. --i' i J'iu -
steameE,. neiag co
pMtoe!iedHJ2. foueveVntotlibfdavr Huu
fore they reached tbe wharf, The greatest
consternation ensued among tbe frightened
men for awbile, and no wonder,: for but for'
the fortunate awakening of JLadrew, Black
it is probable that several of tbem'wJuld
have gone down with the "steamer and.
perished - before ' assistance could .have
reached them ; '
j , Eight corda of wood, about twenty dozen
of eggs and tbe effects of the crew consti-.
tuted the loss, in addition to the becessary' 1
damage to tbe boat. Capt. James-Wallacc,"
the owner and commander of the steamer;:
was at' his residence, in this city when the
accident occurred. ' ' - ' j '
j The steamer is still lying wbere she went
down, with only a small portion of the bow
above tbe water. :. . V-. t l:
A Pleasant affair.
A number of the friends of Mj. Chas
JL Stedman tendered him a complimentary
supper at. the City Hall' last evening, the
occasion ; being his bu;tbday, and a very
enjoyable evening was spent by all present.;
Touring the evening Mr. John J. Fowler
presented Maj. Stedman with a beautiful
gold, beaded cane, the gift of some cf his
many friends, and in so doing made quite
graceful and appropriate speech.; . Nu
merous toasts were proposed, a od speeches
in response were made by geotlemen in a
hefilting and happy manner.' The'affairi
was a most pleasant one in every way and
warmly attested tbe high regard and sin
cere affection felt for the gentleman by his
friends. . ' r : . . 1 -t -? i i '
It is probably needless to add. that the.
supper was done full justice to and that the
liquids brought forth were disposed of in
proper style. The compliment was one
that the recipient can but feel.' proud of,
and we do not doubt heartily appreciates,'
as he asuB41y 8auld. : .. --i
Tb Hoc Qoeilioo. ' - -: t!;:
Mr. R. McMillan, of LucnbertoD, after
alluding to a statement that Richard Cot
ton. Esq., of Chatham county, killed a hog
two yeard Old, weighing 540 pounds, claim-
ing it to be the largeat hog in the county,
writes tbat Mr. Irvio Jenkioe, of Lumber
ton, killed one 6a '.Dec. SOtb, ; 23 months
and 15 days old, that weighed 554 pounds.
. iWe also learn from a private letter that
Mr. G. W; iBIkins, residing near Clarkton,
Columbus county, killed nine boga, which 1
had been taken up from a swamp and fed
three weeks, and they aggregated in weight
2,587 pounds. .V, : :. i '. . :. i
(The fact is, after recording the weight
of the hog recently that turned the scales at
1,412 pounds, we feel like putting anything
in that line under six or eight hundred
pounds in the category of pigs.- f
Some Goa Farming; la Onalow. ' "
A correspondent on theseacoast of did
Onslow reports that . Dr. E. W. Ward, at
Cedar Point, New River, cultivated part of
his farm with only four plows, made 409
barrels of com, .44 -stacks of fodder, aver
aging 800 pounds to the stack; 26 bales of
Cotton, averaging ' 520 pounds to the hale;
500 bushels of - peanuts, 60 bushels of rice;
and bad four acres, in sweet and one in
Irish; potatoes, to say nothing of melons,
pumpkins, and garden. vegetables sufficient
to! feed a regiment.1 Tbia was all made
with four plows' and thirteen hands, five of
hem not half grown, and without the use
of any commercial fertilizer whatever. He
also laid by 9,500 pounds of pork.' Oar
correspondent adds: ."Score ibis for the
sound lands of Onslow." ;
Foreign Sblpmanta. ' ' v - -' ( :
The foreign .shipments yesterday were as
follows: Tbe German Barque Consiantin .
wh Setneeke,o Cardiff, with S,04i bbls.
rosin, by Messrs.' Paterson, Downing -&'
Col; the Swedish Barque ifroe?, to Llvem
pool, with 842 bales of cotton and 1,000
barrels of rosin, by ileasra. Alex.' Sprunt &
Son; the Swedish Barque Ihorgny, to Bris
tol! with 2,892 barrels of rosin, by Messrs
'Alex. Sprunt '& Sod; and the German
Barque Aniia, to Hamburg; with 3,150 bar
rels of rosin, by Messrs. J; R. Blossom &
Evans. . .
I ' 1 . " , . '
Bepbrta from Halelcn. -
, It is understood, from tparties from Ra
leigh tbat the, Sub-Committee'appointed by
the Senate and House Judiciary Commit
tee, to take into consideration a proposition
to establish Criminal Circuits for the State,
have decided" to recommend a ' bill to that
effect, the Judges to be paid by the State.1
There was no truth in tbe rumor , on the
etreeets yesterday, to the. eff eet that a teleW
gram had been received announcing that
our Criminal Court had been abolished."
The rumor no doubt .originated from the
report given above.
' The Galveston ''News understands
how to advertise itself. ' It gathers
by specials all the villainies perpe
trated in Texas and then flashes them
throughout the country.
. : '. Mr. . J. -J. Stewart; has-' revived
tbe ,8 lilaboxy Rvmiruri uMrj ft., is mh!
dltoV,1a"s hatfinuch experTstc''. .u we
hope will he welt sustaTnedr' '
:d&fimM4d$M4 tu iuv
IQO.OOO rfpeot hr cibstrtjctjor;oj u n
tf roads wiib'the free nw of Tbt-y
are tired of tbemad turnpike. .
8 tatfeeiv fllefte ms 1fi 'iG&Cb a r-
Gpodsbbwinow f r.W.W-'G odstw;-wbo
waS killed tyneliiM-jiiNf In!iaa
CreeHfWsTlej?w1If su tmntti .'fe$ ia 0J0.
JRobbios & Ijur, of i bw. filMliHvt.' been
retaftied- as btr oup se in ibe caei :
Prpbit itiup ia t e&ij&g j ' MiWfiUt t bei e
mora; tu!t.anjrn.u&uuatb4 f i8lVlH'tn
Burtcui. of TeBoesTee. oi cvjtbtr ot Mm.
J.K KAMfYrihfcM&ftA ftmLhtieid.
V Kvj n . th 24th tri.t.- cAa. Ja. tJi isn
J. -ieA?ohfcktri jraainijis oiDst on at
-SteQnville4A.C., between. iorth. Carol n
SBj goutB CMwrina,tbenrertepresnied .
ana tue latter joy ttuttege, oi ureenvnie, t
to9d3s iottendaoce"' ;Tbe p'barloite
won the flat, lbe fourth and tbe seventh.
land the; main, the last beiog'tbe. fifteenth J
ata tne fleciaing ngnur " ; C ';,?- ..
:-ci WYiboo Advance Tuesdaye ve -ning,
little . Duncan sou of Mr. David
Gardner, fell from the platform ;uf the
second story of Grima & Murray'-. carriage
shop to the. ground, jtnd was at first thought
to be seriously, injured, but ia now. able tu
be out : r Friday, i January14th, 1881,
Mrs: Jane B. Hamlet, one of Wilson's old
est and respected residents, died at tbe
residence : of - her 1 grandson, Mr.- R. T.
Stevens,: at ,the "advanced age of 78 years.'
i Mr. A. W.'Arrington of Rocky MOu it
has faded. 'He was tbe' leading' merchant
of the place.;-. He made an assignment to
B. H.' Bonn, Esq.".' It 'is thought that the "
Creditors will loe.$15,000. - ' : ' JH :
j si WadeBboro Times t Last Sun
day, a bloody and ; fatal affray: took pla'c
upon the plantation of Mrs. Jane Watkins,
bear Ansonville, in ibis county.! The par
ties were all colored. It seems that Barb.
Wall and bis son Vest got into a 'dispute
with Charles Carpenter, which soon culmi
nated in a fight.;. During the melee Harb.
drew. knife .and inflicted a mortal wound -in
Carpenter's lieck severing the left jugu- '
lar; vein. Before Carpenter , ft IU.. young
Vest Wall dealt him a blow on the bead
with s fence rail jbat : fractured 'his 'skull..
Ot course death immediately ensued. Harb.
Wall is now' behind the: iron bars of iha
Jail, but Vest has made bis escape. -
:rr Raleighi. NewsrObserner i 'm The
large steam saw mill of Mr. Wotdeo, in
Beaufort county, .about six or eight miles
rom Washington, N. CM on Biount Creek, -was
destroyed by fire a few daya ago. It
(was pot up on quite an extensive scale, and .
bad just beea completed, r . Tbe proprietor
had invested ( about $20,000' in the enter
prise: ; The fire was the work of an incen
diary. A. : H. .Ricks. 8. R. Hilliard
and A. C. Thomas were yesterday ar
raigned before United States Commissioner'
Purnell, on a charge of .hindering and ob-.
r6trucUog . negroes from voting;' in Whita
fcer's townEhip, Nash county.' i Four wit
nesses : were examined.' c : JS. bears." Re-,'
publican candidate for the Senate, made
the affidavit on which the proceedings were
based, hut on cross-examination acquitted -
them nf yhsyncung thvpotlar--, ;
Correspondence Raleigh News- .
Observer: On the 12th inst. Mr. Francis J.
IByrd, of Stanley county, accompanied by
his little son, about six years old,, harnessed
his mule and went to: tbe top of the Falls
Mountain afiraloaddf pine. ; After load
mg tbe wagon he detached the mule, locked
tbe wagon and attempted to draw it down
the steepest part of the mountain himself.
But the chain broke, and in the effort to
bold toe wagon be was caught and thrown
down between - one of tbe wheels and a
rock and killed. One arm was broken ia -two
places and his breast : crushed. The .
wagon-wheel remained on his breast about
an hour." Hi8 little son carried the dreadful
news home to bis wife. " The deceased was -a
very industrious,. frugal young man.,.; He '
leaves a wife and several little children to
moura their irreparable loss; i . '' t .-
" Charlotte Observer', A ; . mass
meeting of the colored congregations of the '
city took place last night at the African
Jttethodi8t Episcopal Church, to consider
the prohibition . movement - About five
hundred were present - - The fast mail '
from the south being, about ten hours be
hind time Tuesday, left here in the after
moon just before the express. Near Con- "
cord it was rocked by some parties ;near
the track, one rock entering tbe passenger
car and passing very close to a lady. - 'The
express train following a few minutes later
was also rocked at tbe same soot. . Dr.
iW. - M.; Campbell died Monday and was
buried here Tuesday. Dr. Campbell will
be remembered with affection and the news
of his leatb will be beard with regret' by
many, n not au, tne surviving members or
the old Seventh North Carolina regiment.
of which he was tbe.eurgeon. ' -,; -
t The trustees of the University
met at Raleigh on Wednesday. : It passed
an important reaolutioa'we will publish
hereafter.: The Alumni Association also -
met. JUr. Paul C. Cameron and President
BatUe delivered addresses. -. ' From tbo
Neua-Obserter we glean: VMr. Cameron
announced that Messrs. Paul B. . Means,
Fab. H. Buabee and' Julian 8. Carr; bad
been appointed a committee to issue an ad-"
dress to the Alumni." At 10 o'clock some
250 gentlemen either;' members Of the' .
Alumni Association or their guests, among
them heart; every member of the Asembly,
sat down to an eiegent supper '. in. the spa-
jsious amine hail or -the xarboroueb.
Col Duncan K McUae was called on for'
a speech, and made some exceedingly witty
and.eloquent remarks, saying, among other
things tbat the banquet waa a 1 "feast of
reason and a. flow ..of soul' without any
spirits." ' " . . ,
; Elizabeth City 'Jbonom. Por
tions of a wrecked vessel,' together with a
lot of railroad iron, has been, thrown upon
the beach between Oregon a.dNew Inlet
and we fear there ; has been loss at sea.
We understand that Mr. King, : the
contractor, says the E. C. &N. R. R. will
be completed and at work by: March, if
they can have working weather half the
time till - then. ' John ; Black, Esq.,
of this town, died oa Monday last, aged 61
years. . - Fowler's cotton factory ..will
commence operations in about three weeks.
- The death of Bishop. Atkinson cast a
gloom over .his many friends in the town
of William8ton. A faithful steward has
gone to his reward, and his works ' Will
follow b;m. By direction, of Rev. T, B.
Haughton, (he -rector of the pariehi 1 tbe ,
church was draped, in mourning, ; and oo
Sunday last he preached a sermon -appro-
priateto the occasion refering 1 ia touch
ing terms to the character of ,lhe taintly
Bishop, and also to bis own personal toss. '-
Some days ago a hatlesi and coalleta
fellow, citizen road into Greenville at early
dawn,' at break-neck speed, crying aloud
through the streets that. judgment' nay had
"arrovef said be had seen the. heavenly
band, and had given his hat and coat td the
'Apostle Abraham."-,' InvestlgatJgtn proved
tbat be had been in the country on ,a hea
der, and that "snakes" had bim, ."J