JO ;l3ill! .,us
?a it igyJn
I ....... V i
5 . -. Cj -1
i , ' -- T- -
is urs cr . O-
"TV" - i 3 el St a
lfifd tlii lo ''iuuihi-i:yai
EU'I i- y
- - r. a 3- 3 3 3
:t g.?.-.C.l4' 5fS4
w r ri ri a a f
Jittered t Jag JPostpCse at Wilmiprtoo,"
!f--rKxf s flirift e-.1l'
' i.i Star is as 'tmamii&i&r&jt U.-
Gov JarViffiftJhis fncsssge, drew
the attention of the Legislature ; to
the power invested in the .Chief Ex
ecutive of the State to pardon crimi
nals. He thought1 it was more aa
thority than odght to be entrusted to
any one manTbo readers of tbia
paper need not be (old what out
views are in the matter. For years
we have insisted that such a granting
of supreme power was dangerous and
uurepuMwau. YYe are: glad to see
Gv. ;Jrvis -taking the position he
has, aud we hope to see a, change in
the law BOpner ' orjater.pld preju
dices and. customs ar almost invete
rate, and it requires many years to ed
ucate people into a different set of
ideas and ' convictions. ; If the press
of ,the State were united in their t op
position to the: oiie man : power but 4
few years' would 'elapse before the
law wonld be alter8d.; The Consti
tution ought to be amended, and the
present Legislature should ' take oe
cehsatY: steps to allow the people to
vote as to whether- or not one , man-
should have power to reverse the de
cision of juries and the sentence of
courts in no delicate and responsible
a matter a imprisonment in the pen
- itentiary or hanging for murder.
In a former editorial written some
two or three years since we showed
what the" law was in several States,
' and how certain States; provided for
commutations and . pardons. There
are thousands of cases annually in the
Uuited Slates in which the verdfct of
juries is cancelled or annulled. We
dp not believe that any Governor,
however wise or good or just, ought
to have the, power of ; exercising
clemency to the undoing of what the
courts have. done. It: is doubtless,
necessary, in some rare instances f or
a new hearing to be ,had . npon be w
eviaeoce, ana toe law ought to pro
vide for. 8ueb cases. . If: it be neces
sary - there should be F a pardoning
tribunal, but composed of nbt less
than" 'three ' qualified lawyers.'. But
more Of this farther on." : .: ;"'
The principle we attack ib dangerr
bus, and, for that reason, if thra.as
coange rn cne oTganio iaw puiinere
is more involved than danger. .'.
Wheq a culprit is arraigned fo iKn
. offence and fairlr triedfatid sentenced.
i haff SappSdedHhitiVw
nas come, xo iignu ana tnat tne cat-,
prit was reajly Jnnpeei?t of the-;e?Qne,7
Such cases have occurred idTNontr
Carolina, itnd bher tsia? we remember
to have 1 'met 'with-1 in New , York1 re-
ports.; . There, was, oo provision to a
new txiai so the Governor padon,
that is thebMr'hftfTtV4:Bft;i
do und'er the Jtiirbu1mstancea,t : '"tetter
cases occrfr in . which u appear; (ha
Governor that the prisoners weta ia
nocenfi and; oaght t6 have beeti 1bo
quitted. fjSo he pardons. Iwyr
f ar lmore, lamiUar. with , spch c tsea
thaa : re4. could suggest other
e asses ' of cases. Sympathyj impo:
tunity, political reasons, and Otlier ''
consideratiops" of Ta like f kind have
brought ccnVicts from their cells' and
. turned'them loose npoti society.
i TTie question insesj is il just to thei;
communities, ,and right in itself, that
we.man shall, haye.tbe. power tc andp
with the dash of his;peA the action of
a! court after sitting for dasibe'iring
evidence anid yt&f ding justice?. Isit
right that one- man should hie clothed
with powers so sopreiherthat be'eafc
subvert the orderly enforcement of a
sentence? " Is it right for one mkn in
al free. State, nnder a free constiiut
tion, to:bfi invested with such supra-
judicial and such anti-judicial powers?
J SSI Ui I i I lVKi
ft 1 I t ' I I bJJ
The pardoniasjoC. a,criixi(ua im arn
bitrary. It interferes witkibaii exe
cation bf itbli'wiIi'ife'AireP
Brtfirt the lafirirrfeas;-?
inis h itrfone9
it bja necesaary.iij i jjcasiWissisW
that it ought not to& baoBQ byoa
feA 4Jbj ftnejjf rifcr,
and be ; U oorrect we , incline tQtbftD
Ifcrtt cwUiat A it 1s 4 stf &48bedtaBie.
It was broasht f rom be tMrtlieea?
i . I i .m
ISnd the Sjct waathetbhntiia
onort eojtwtain of jusuce. the.
theyldrpjasai U hiaan goWd-
irtoa.agaia8ti tha!s King.-,
The indietmentsnniBt abarge it . a$saa.
offense- 'agiinst ' the ' peaee of qvlt )
Sovereign Lord the King,' Qrf$g$iii8t
his orowtt and dignity;' w - The Kig1.
is the plaintilL - 6aitame to-pass it
was the rjeriiofliigh t?,pf:fie, ng
"to dispense in - any Caste, .. without
compensation, with tfie legal penalty
for erimea." Hence -the King par
doned, &ni the people" applauded the
acts of raeroy, -Ttoofeople remem
bered'also, as the same writer , sug
gests, that "judicial .. processes I were
imperfect" -that persons uh ad been
legally pat to" death for -crinies of'
which they were Innoceut-somelimes
for alleged crimes that had oot been
bommitted, and . they ;. concluded, -
therefore, f'that an artntrary. power i
of interfering with ihei execution of ,r
judicial sentences was theoniy prao- :
tfcable safeguard against snch; an
leyil." These views and prejudices .
icame over with our : ancestors and
i - -.- -
became incorporated into the funda
mental laws bfihelaadC "'I f
We stop not : to consider now the
law's delay,' By .makifig! punishment ;
iof crime uncertain, by increasing the
cnlprit's chances Of escape, -feof for
'we have considered . some or k all of
hese points before:'1 ,;-We desire
bow, whilst the Legislature is iff ses-
siooto ecfiphaslae ottr conviction that
Some cbaoge in the 'exercise" of the
pardoning jpdwer sh'oold be made.
If the courts are inefficient,' insuffi
cient, make ; the1sf-b6tte"r., lluCrease ,
their numbers and improvadtbsm
(otherwise. If the, JudiciaL dephrtr-
hent is aneqoal to the great taska as-'
signed it." then for the sake of 'society
make it what it should be. The
remedy does not Jie iorihe Jstecutive
pepartmenti A non-judioial officer
pannbt fey' &p 4 arbitrary revers Jf la ,
bourt's declaianyeiisi, magnify the'
. yF) Qot oQdertakfi : o ; fuggest
remedies,' as we, arBiBQtiawyer8.cThe
KFwe to . retail penal tidi sboald- be
dejp6si'ted wlthao'fiie 'cofitfeBUtbb!
I ? ii-ntiri;. aiULJ fii.?ijpj
t-iQBt is wo at we cooiena lor ana
h6t,with one njao, ana health abn
pant labors of another kid ittOOKOUr-:
by his time. Webawseeir
I - -- .! a -ut a 1 tl tntSX.'S
luggestions made as to how remor
feteyii J An hi Northern. WTi-:
ter, Theodore Bnvsaysjtbat power
io remit ought to be abolished en
tirely except it Judicial K prOceedmg.
fie says vnat criminal r courts &nouia
have power to grant new trials, n
ihe groeid oi newly discorered:.eVi
ence. He says 'farther that no per--son
'should be 1 ncbnipetent to testify
m civil or criminal cases, by reason of
bonvictioij Or aedte'n
that objection J;testioony. .should
4xtend . paly r o:credibUity: .7 ;Tbe
Chief Magistrate, we hoUdught hot-'
lo be empbwerdTotrmeddle with
ihe work, of thoJuaiaai1 2 If such
wterfiLgddlicg; Wceilsryit : 6u?ht
9ooaia thwiseip .tfty have
4o irdpqariaxepTcbjy 4adteai pio5
S oej'inrjtbp sp4eTatiprvpt
tbe. Qtnooi mllstrackcut two very
ihTDbrlab- feaXii4t 9 fef nied to?
traveuin2iipnsea;aaa aaryacferk sAs
salary is insufficient, d-q.inan of
teal talents equal 1 toi tta Bidatie - of
Superintendent of PnrtesWuction
in a. Suteb7pepplVjeold
afford to servo upon ifich teis? How
theq con be', afford tfl xpfn' quite"
b!atf In travelling ? f flete ii J attlra-
tbty good of bu to
sould e lberfTxp4Xcm peintndmtry Scfeafc It o5bt tft
w f -w -1 L. Jlr.--.-fc - i Jt C- - '-. t. -rt MJI
t u wilmes&ton; -,K:;:x;'iiijAY;mKeH';4ri88i."-'.':
mains in hia office at RalAtorh. . Ha
qanoniy beefficeht' and usefui by
Of .thp -(eld TOnstantlyTj
- . ; r - ' - ; c' J -
If the Superintendent is Dot to, tra
l.tben ereris po need o a cljerk,
iW If he is-, to, travel tbep he cannpli
do so - without funds and a vfert p
attend tftaatieg (olenoal almost en -Urely:)i2E
tbis abacaoai4aA competent
dbttk ionald e obtained for h&Oi M
anlb,lattdbs5)weaild ot' bare: iA be!
OTp3oyedr&idkwo7. iorUiree hears;
dyj- liiStriifai8 aawanfartuaate;
bovtho great motive powfir oi; the
Whole system, and would be.ifa pro
per, law. .wero. framed and the right
man iii charge!' We repeat;: the dn
ties of theupnnTOTdenroT Public
Instruction.' if well ' performed, de-
!iiiii!iiiiLil:ii'ii i-5iio;fj.fc;i crsii
uiauu more, real aumiy, ;gu is ana
learning than anf other office in the7
State Gpvernment.rV But this impor
tant fact escapes ' entirely , the atten
tion of the ordinary iegislator. ; It id
to be heped the Senate will not agree
to any such absurd legislation as that'
favored by the House. 0 y
f The refnsal of the Seaate-to appro
priate $5,000 fox the YorktowK cen
tennial, it strikes as, , was judicious
under the 1 eircamstaQces, . iNorthr
Carolina made no such appropriation'
fox celebrating the centennials of im
portant battles on - its own soil, and
we see no reason why an exception)
should be made in favor of a b&ttle.
fought in another State. ; It would
be much better-to -expend -that sum
in givmgiuie-proauois or me oiate a
first-class 1 showing ' at the World's
.bair in JSew York.
: .,,jjo Maaa.;,: , rrtv. -:
.A. gentleman living at -Troy, N.
tC, ; writes as , a -vigorous protest
against the removal of Holden's disa
bilities. He also objects to pardon
being granted even though ; Holdea 1
snooia con less , nis sins ana sue ior
forgiveness. He takes - the position.
hrst, that the .Legislature baa snp
power tP remove them. He says the
Governor has not the power,' and that
it is a waste of money to be fooling
With iV He thinks, the Convention'
.of 1875 might have : done so, the
people ratifying the same. He. thinks
ilolden is incnrable th&t "Ephrahn
is joined'tb hU,4
.He goes: for the exGhovernor with
jungloved hands, and does not believe
jthat he ought to be- restored to the"
xtsjof bitiaenship evennpon?cbn-t.
f ession, because - he is not - to J ; be
then he ys- tbc 'pfiittiaW con
Ticts ought to be restored. frfor, none
U( it. 1. j .L . . T-r 1
fUA uiu ua9 uoue ue meanness 101
pefn'hasand besides they, kaye done
a good work in grading our railroads
jand levelling bufwistei n mountains."
Pur correspondent also rather pitches'
ihtbj Ben xTUl'.lfor $U nuation?
oatuab vuo um iwe v. ? uigs, ttuuuv
kaylatiiieVthinks theld' irae Whig
atef as:, true and - Jrustful ; . as , .the old
lino Democrats, and that neither will
touch the "-BQKpjblipaja ;partyi"
cawaiiS and 8HitjSil'VaY -
j There are;hee 3gd Routes, o
connect the ; Atiantip Jide:cwitb; the
Pacifies side Ope' Is ; thb ;Pao4toa;
route. - J -The French gtneIMa:
Lesseps, - hasbistf-7irand.; , The
second is It nown f as tha Nicaragtian"
I Jaf'JSnL'J?-! "il w.V' .f-i
route. . : auo iniru is we - xennanvepeo
roater This last .is the ones saleeted
by Capt.James B. Eads f or th eOn
first is to be a canal- like: the- cele
atruated by TPeXewepSITS r third
k mmIir, it t WaMoteetOfnlifta
ing and -"loTig7pe1rtrneM
namwr ei me .yorc M.merican .Lie
vieiff ,'eays:'T " , 1 L-
' that the jstbnras which connects IJorthand
ouuj -America is as. ;iong the instance
-between New Yorkxaty and the month Of
tne eawne nver m Texas. - J
. j Me says further: . ,
, t V'A.&ttiaahia from Korf elk oCharles
1 6b mast travel flfteea-handredJtfiHes'1
li sue snouia cross tne Mexican ismmui.
zisiatots nave.ian.eL sureiv to uh
form themseltei of the real duties of
Theario wttc rokves Sao3 Frincisbd' for
Europe jntstvrsl tbe. .teegtb of Jh whole:
Isthmus, and tthi be delayed six or seven
dtyt more taaa t would be If U crossed fc
.Tehaantepee.?'V gv.,as; viizob R
- Ha says at will reqaire . six days ;"to.
MWlUc-tiai iiRipe i lb,- length .Af the.
SicSCanalVich requires fcwj4ya
andwmbavsnndry; looks eqiunng:
extra time. 1 Aa tP thePanama rente,)
stCl J f arthefisoatTi, it would, idquire!
bat one.;dayv the canaUwoald be
w4tbtsl(jks.'i He' say by -! this
ffiUte ; ' tbe Jlmraense -'commerce . of
tbw eWorld keeking-ta-passage tenths)
Qkiet orstoi Califbraia; would have
to ft rate! 268 vdilei'fartherrthaalby!
p6jQuteifc iInr other: word j & ship
from ewoQrleaaB to SanCErancisco?
by? the -PjCAma Wute: wonildUbava toi
go iaa maclr f arther . by the .Mexican;
ronteas it ia from 27ewTork city to
the eastern boundary of Oregon. ITbis
is f or steamships. He says the distance
is very much greater for sailing ves
sels, that.' are mainly :used in comw
mercei owing to the northeast trade-
i winds and the . calms Pf the Caribbe
anSea. gr; 2 tju.se .!svS josfcs'i siii'
x Capt. Eads discusses t length ther
advantages! Pffered by 'the ? shorter
route in time of war, but we will not
enter apbn thfs part 'of the subject;
The 'Mexican - rou t 5 woulii be 1 p re
ferred by'every ohe.be 'says,-if ai
cahkl ; were practicabie But such is
tidt- the - fact,' hence her 'proposes "-a
1 sbiprailwayV and disbusses elabo
rately the question of its feasibility;
ilia argument ': appears cogent and
satisfactory to show that such a rail
way can be constructed and 'used
with -the utmost success."' " In these
views ' be te sustained by many men
o - have - considered the matter'
; 1...: , t -. . . ..
thoroughly. , ..; u l r t i .
The bUl befpre' Congress to aid in
the construction of this ship railway;
failed in . the Senate. :Tbelcbmpany!
asked of Congress to, guarantee; six
per cent, dividends on $50,000000
for fifteen: years. ..The total , oapital
of the company is,. $73,000,000. . The
law wm not to take; effect ; until the
praot)oabihty-of;.the. plan had. been:
established.:! It was proposed -. tnat
ten: miles. of the,, road -should be first
built and fully tested by transporting
a ship and cargo; ten t miles at six
miles an hour, and then replacing her
in. the water again without injury, to
her or to the railway or tbe terminal
works.. Even with this success only
$5,000,000 was attached. As each
additional ten miles . was completed
and tested .in ; the; same way a cpr
responding guarantee was asked for.?
The ' United States, - was , to-be
granted certain important priyileges
in war; and .in peaee. Mexico ha$
offered the right of way and jip .gives
tbUi eobntr the . -right r to , control
tolls, etc.; hUj;ru.-ai:.nt
Many of the first engineers of the
f world have expressed Unreserved con
fidence in; the praoticabilityr of the
scheme,-whilst none: have given'ani
adverse opinion publicly. Cap(: Eads
didj wonder; in tbej jetties . be oojj-.
atmctedat the mbutb of :the Missis-
sippi, and in the face of ridicule and
opposition.; j H&.i is an engineer of :
; great resource and ability, and fie ben
: Kevei fully In the Tabuanteeo routes
; He' shows what immense traffio would
seek this xbuter naturally and neces-;
sarily. .rWelhOpe that the.; ship-rail
; -ay . will be oonstmcted j and lif the'
J United States cannot or will not take:
a .band in hp; great Work that ; capi-j
tahBtfl Wilk shoulder, the risks and
have ifc buUt atthe eaTliest. day. - It
Will require. but half the. time that . it
; will require, to construct the Panama:
cabals and the cost is very much le$8.
I Til 5
IiARTS '4 :
i The circulating 'libraries of the
To" aid and encourage the acquisition
'of knowledge was the aim, but the"
'muitiplying .of cheap 'and low-grade
novels ( hasjiad jthe effe'ei to supplant
books of sterling nierit and usef ut
ness. ine resuiii oif investigation
'show's th'aVduitP tnreefburtbs Pf ihe
books read by . those whpr patronize
ithe'pubfio libraries are, "fiction, ani
that a large- majonty . of ,the novels;
are bf a highly sensational and inf e-"
rior &ina. vv e nave irieu many ums
to, discourage the 1 promiscuous read
ing of novels; 4 We believe it is both
1 a pleasure and a duty T to "readhe
Dest nctipn. uut we long ago aaoptea
the rule to read no no vels except by
the best authors, and,' as a rule, to
are not answering tna pur-
for which they were intended
read none the- value of whioh bad no
beeh' ascertained; f airlyt- lYon; would
do wellnbt to read'at all ratbeHhatf
spend your. lime over a 'pbdr: novel,
especially if it' is of Zota," Oaida sort.'
Asa rule avoid tas! you -would 5 the
yellow 1 fever' French bbVels.S'NoW
and theuv'there is one ; that inay- be5
read wltb saf ety,1Sttt dP BPtltbueb1
the'nf Ifntil the best critics1 hive5 poM
nobboed judgment upon'tbem.' P"'
The evil otv vicious- aoveP reading!
is so great that a BosXPfl man of let-"
&i iwites a long article f for ifie J&-
tematioAal Review i;upon it.-Hei
closes bis discussion' with this im-portabphint-.
11 A .'C
-1 Were.- tbft)nhlM jtlihrariea thrdaxhoati
tne country to cease circmatioe stories. and.
novelsf-I am confident that the'labor-nof
would in no long Umf be greatly , lessened:
and the demand f or ibHUetatme which it'
Uadeatarsio; duJ Woul bsrifaduaUjl
mmimsaea oy tne arylng up, as it were, of
tbe most fraitfuT source of eviL5 a??
.0. j iKi "TTTr""T!r'jMrTi u- c LI
: Charles Scribner's Sons send us a,
good sized volume entitledj Chinese,
Immigration in 4ts social and eco
nomical aspects," by'' .George F
to China The bbok is ';well prihtea
and neatly bound in muslin.,.. It is a
plea in favor of Chinese emigration.
to the United States... Mr. Seward's.
character is such that his advocacy;
or anything may well arouse suipi
cion. He is a. man of mtelheence
and a careful observer, and there
may. be more in his book than we
have taken pains to. discover. Hid
views will not be popular, but he" will
make converts. . .."
Senator Carpenter was born" n
Vermont oh December 22, 1824. s Hp '
was at West Point for a':while. - He
was a very superior lawyer and a man
of eloquence. . . He was unqaesUonr? j
ably one of. the -ablest .'men-.aowi;ia
this country and hia death is loss to
all ;- sections Hai laclced l.fixity of
purpose and consistency .of opinion
and was a hard worker. The: Wash
mgton 'Jx8tj, Democratic, pays the'
eminent Repnblican jurist and states?
man this tribute: -; : .
- .:-." ......
"The death of Matthew H. -Carpenter re
moves from the'Unlted States Senate 'one
of the very few intellectual giants of ihai
distinguished legislative body. rM?. Car
penter was a great man in a broad sense of
the word. ' -' -a-- 'i-i;--
"He was a graceful and most impressive
speaker, always appearing to believe thor
oughly in hiB utterances, and convincing
his auditors of his sincerity. There have
been many greater masters. 01 rnetoncai
eloquence but few have equalled Mr. Car
enter in power ox producing, conviction.
'Or his skill lu logic was equal to the ele
ganceof his. diction ir us u a tMisiX-ii..ui-.
"At the bar,- in the Senate, or in the po
litical arena," Mr.- Carpenter - was "a man
whom few cared to cnauenge, ior alt vast
resources made. him a dangerous antagonist
for the ablest men 01 our time. - - ;r.
. ; -. .... ' .'
" I'v.-J 1 1 111 iij 3.-..
f The following is of, speoial ipterest
just now in view pf the organization
pf tbe next Senate, v It may, be that
the death oft ,Sejtor:axpwj-tta-f
give .the Democrats ithe opntroi ; ,
t "Chicago, February 2CrrA private disa
patch from a welNinformed gentlfimin at
Madiaoni Wiscbbsmisays ; VOur Degisla
ture will be notified of the death pf Senator
Carpenter this evening." Under ihe l&w of
Congress his successor eahnot regnlcrly.be
elected .until. March. 9,-.the, vacancy? not
havinit occurred "durhig a ;recessbof the1
Legislature.. ;:Tb& suggeattoo bssbeea
made that the Legislature. adjourn, after
indicating Its preference" for Senator, and
?5rmit the Qoveraor to appoint a successor,
he question might arise,, however, as, to
the legality of such appointment and action
by the IieHsiuTe?!i
.-' ? v .... yA jrliS'
:: A commission: to aonst differences
betweetf xailrbadi: and-.lhe ; people
would :iiQ doubt be nsefbL and ao-
ceptable to' all partiesiin Interest; but
a hybridized bill like that sfow'pendW
ingiia the Legislature Pan: Accomplish
nothing unless Its object be to-c ripple
railroad investments Withoutsecurmg
any benefit to shippersi r: Mr Clarke's
bill ; "to t prevent : blind j legislation?
ought to be read in both Hoases 'earl;
and.oftenKfWs-dilw &m $i
r iOur friend Evans,-' .iha henior, of
the Milton Chrpttida, who ;has rierved
long enough in the edtiprial ? harness
CP know a' lineal descehdint of SokH
mon f rom a fellow ,whoYjnev:er jum
that man of-wisdor haaja wtj pOQt
opinion of the . : Solon . .who drafted
the nice little bill about legal adver?
tismg. He sayaijv .a.v; vh-.-?; .:. i.
- .VTae authdr of the bill bai evidently got
ten iqto the wrong .'House !' .3 His constitu
ents unquestionably meant to have sent him
to "tha itunaio: Afljlnml t For ercredit of
the tvnoeranhical craft we honeba-did not
profess to know anything Jabout the art"if
prmtingi'niiaaie pui jsa noicniooj ansnrcirf
tv an insult to ihe .oress because it la a
batch of nonsense seekinto get' le2af ad-.
vertiBing done for nothiog, br ata price that
: would put theblggest jCheap John, in the5
State to the blush! The bUl 'oflerl halt
a-cent a ,wotd:fot tout eekt'.ptibllcai
tion t . Why. one cent a word for each issue
would be iessian,. publishers , apW; profess
1 to charge for advertising, includlbs Uank
space, for: Which this bill allows iothingj''
The new Pennsylvania ; Senator
now claimed by both the Republican,
Oar Bar aod BBproyinenta. t
-In; conversation yesterday morniaRwhtf
Oapt.! Wv J Potter;1 a Caps Iaf Pilot pf
lonn experience aod, by the way, veryntel-f
ligent gentlemaa, he gave it as hiB opinixQ
that it would be displayiog a very.unirise
policy on thie part of the government to
withhold at this time tne needful: appropri
ations in behalf of the Cape Fesr KireVaod
Bar after bringing the work to its ; present
condition of .'forwardness. . Now, in, his
judgment; Uj the very jtime of all others for j-
1 the government to manifest a liberal, spirit
and inake ample provision fpr carrying on
jthe work, 6 promising of good results,-to a
succeuful compTetioa- To begin withholds'
ingthe necessary aid now will. be. to retard
the ope;8i'ipBipfpgre88iDg so favorably and
reader tbe. work already accomplished la-
ble to injury -and to eventually, become
; worthleae, ' tbua yirlually ihtbwlng away
Ivhio bl ioped that CoBgrea-will 1 take
tbjB PMpex vlewLpf this Jmptsnt. cmatte
meet, the preseBt tKlremenUi of the work,
not only inxarrytng it forward 'tb h-greater
I degree of pirfectibn, out in -pf eservLb'g and
perpetuating7 'the s;rand results a already
achttveo.rT j5c WSiii zdzitv-si se -fc
er Hargett. the' colored man Who
wis convicted ol burglary, with an attempt
to ebmiBitirabetatJa. Jate: term:pf xPuplin
Superior Court,.where his trial had been
removed fromPender, . snd. Who was sen
tenced lo suffer the 'death penalty by hang
ing on yestedkybaa had hisjsentence com
muted by the Governor to' imprisonment
for life, and was lodged in the penitentiary
os Wednesday last. . He was m lail in. this
City for several; months prior 10 hia trial
and conviction. -
natter aaa TIiIbcb in Baleisn.
Qen. 'Manning, who" has just 'returned
fromTElaieigtiV: gives it'.ai his opinion that
the Legisliture will 'lake no action hxre
gard to the Criminal Courts, in consequence
of the conflicting influences that have been
developed since the matter was.brbught to
the attention of the two houses.'"" ""I"1
As to tie queatlon'of prohibitibnthe
.Qe'neral is confident, from wbst he saw and
heard while in Raleigh, that the great preW
sure brought to bear.opoa'.the General A
sembly will result in the : passage, of 'a prb-
bibitory law in some snapetnougn u may
not be altogether as strlncent la its nrovif
sions as some of the friends pJ the' measure.
may desire. , ' ' 1"
ttaatal of an Ol CltUan f Fayena-
Mr James Kyle, a well-known and high
ly respected citizen of Fayettevjlle, died
that town on ' Wednesday afternoon last at
the advanced 'age of 78 years, Mr. Ey le
bad been a leading merchant of Payette
ville for about fifty-six years, during which
esm;anrgoodr will of his feUowcHt Si??1. -
Foreln Snlpmenta. - .,p .
The foreign shipments'from this portyes-
terday were as follows: ' The Ger. barque
Baltte, ioT Antwerp, by Messrs. Fatersbn
Downlngt&Co., with 3,850 barrels of rosin
the German barque FQvorite for Hamburg,
by Messrs. Robinson & King, with ; 8,025
barrels of rosin ; tbe Norwegian barque
Eraio for Gf anion, Scotland by - Messrs.
Paterson, Downing & Co with 2,583 bar
rels of rosin. Total foreign exports for
the day 9,458 barrels of rosin. i
BaiA;pj-Ifaw HaaoTer Slaetlvn or
Ofieeri. . -- j. .
At a meeting of the Board bf Directors of
the Bank Of ' New Hanbver, held at - the
banking house in this city; yesterday, the
following officers were re-elected ; J: r
. Pre8ident--Chaa. M. Stedman. ' . 1
.Vice Presideniisaac Bates, i . I
Cashler,'D. Wallace." . - ' V
iTerWL. Smith, Jr.- ' '-"
-Clerk B. G. fimpie. -'
An the" old officers of the GoWlsboro and
Wadesboro branches were also reflected.
neb in telle.. i -.
,N.tC, Feb. 18, 1881.
yi2ffltifyi""Jh8ptteh; Please ' insert
this article'in your paper for the bene
fiiof society. . Please ask the other
papers to. copy, ; : :..-
Yours trulyj - . Elias Dodson. .-
. . chufa.
., Every farmer should plant chufa
for hoes and chickens to save his
corn. One acre of chufa will yield
five times as much as an aore of com.
Let the. drills be two feet apart,,- and
slant one seed to everv nine inches.
Some say an acre of chufa will fatten
C. has these. It $ is v said one tree
Yields five, bushels of pecans. . If
twenty trees yield each five bushels,
the crop would be equal to 100
bushels. JThis amount given to hogs
tnight fiaye 100 bushels of corn.
in. North Carolina are excellent for
pigs, ducks, chickens and tur&ey8.
- The Thomas grape ahd the Flo wers
Rrtpe come after the other grapes are
gonethat is, in. October., and; Np
yember. ,.;They are large and sweet.
Col. Thomas Memry, Whiteville,:N:
C.;w6nld send a handful of cuttings
bprnail for - a small sum. ' People
could write .to bini and get his terms.
. - orrrra . i
are' dying but for the want of food. A
few Lynn trees from the mouhtalhs
planted would - feed a great many.
8901 say an acre of & buckwheat will
teea ten scanas. jtnere are macnines
to take the honey out bf the , cbmbl
The1 bees save' a' great ; deal "of time
abd make muoti.more honey by put2
ting the comb bapk. s-:or'.r
' E. Dodsox.
Raleigh ; Visitor V I'herevival
at the first Baptist church o&U&ue with
unabated- interest.--- The -order of the
Royal Arcanum is tBetirg-wjtU'inicb suc
cess hefeT '-Jatnfes' Wilso'd.'ctrored, of
Harnett conntyV Was cpaihUted l4 jnlthia
morning for robbing a man by ihe oame of -John
Flowers io this eoUnty, 00 tbe 9lh
instant.: : w-.r.'i r.??' ri
'"'r-rv Ki ostbh' "3to urndtljnek dipnia
has been making sad .havoc amona the col-.
pred people 1 juhis . coujmuuUy, Three
hearty men have died wiihih the last week.
- One day last week Miss Cartiu. More
ton, a yonng girt in' WoodiogtOn. lOwiiBhiD,
was io n neia - wnere ine - grass was- Being
burned, and ; tier dress took firei: burnlDe
teams are now engaged in hmolipK rills for
the p4 Jt-Bt this end. r We op
pose others are engaged along the .line of
the road, adJ soon tne: iron hotte wHPbe
coming from and returning to Oxford.,
A pretty 'scene twenty-five' whie-to'p to
bacco wagons1, coming Into low Monday
evening at onetime.,- , t r
; Carthage Gazette: illia,- many,
friends will be pained to learn that Mr. J.
J." Lawhoo, ofDraioi Creek.instftined'a'
severe injury last Satarday, in havia hia
thigh broken. Mrs.lfancy Leonard
was adly .beared '.by a cdW oear-Ooie'tf
Mills.' io Raosolph couniy, The unfortua
ate lad? received a wound in the ab'domen
aboar 14 inches ta leogia atat OciJ at ave
mcaes aeep.v.. y a:a, -a 1
Blnclafr, formerly pastor tof the Presbyte-'
riaarCOBgregatkm .to CharloUe,- bui wb ia
now int charge. of a. pastorate at M arionr
Ohio, "was In the city-yeaterday on a Visit to
tbe :faimly of his father lalaw, Mr. A: B.'
Davidson, -bat has . returned - hamelr ,
The police records' for this- year are, the
City marshal, esys, the largest in the : annals
barlotte, and yet be says he'll sell the 1
receipts from fines at f 1,000 and less.-'
Warsaw Wrtef- iMentiohifo
regret to learn that J. Pyi r Beamab,. Esp,
lost his barn on Coharie. with 'five or six
hundred bushels of cotn: The second
month of the present term of the Warsaw
High School closes next Prfday with" about
fifty pupils ia "attendance, twenty-seven ot
whom are boarders. We. nave last
heard that our frieddCTT. Brooaonj Esq.,
of Lisbon, N. C, lost bis . dwelling :bonBe,
kitchen and smoke bouse,, by fire, on. the
night of Thursday the 10th, with their f en -tire
cohtents. : ' " i- --h: i'1,
t : Wadesboro 7M imek: 'At ; thean-X
nual . election .eft officers of. the ? Ansob
Guardsi held in Polkton.on the 22nd. the
following gentlemen were elected: Captain
T. J. Paudle; 1st Lieut. J. U'. Benton;
2nd Lieuu.i.J.: WvJljlalecJr.-SndcaLieut,
M. L. Horn. .The company is in an active
nd flourishiog condition.. : r In conse
quence pf the strain upon f the colnmes of
the i limes, , occasioned ; by its greatly. in
creased advertising patronage, and a desire
to do full, justice to its readers, we have de
cided to enlarge the paper, to thirty-two
COlumna -r?h mi ' t W.-' tlrr irfl
Raleigh correspondent, 'of the
Durham Recorder:-, Whatever- Mr:r Bledso
(not Moses, the son, J. Eaton.) is in politics.
as an-orator he has few equals in the House,
and always commands attention; ' His rival
n graceful, brilliant. 'and' impassioned ora
tory ia Mr. Day,' of Halifax,1 with.- more of
culture in bis style, and with more of grace
ib his manner.1 Many other good speakers
in the House rarefy Indulge themselves, but
when they do speak they 1 make us regret
their selfdenial. Messrs. Manning, Rose,
Glenn Of Rockingham, ' Grainger, Sparrow
andJ Boy kin are all - strong' thinkers and ..
strong talkers. - A ; '--,'i ;
Raleigbr iVHJ- Observers In the
polished writer. We have-also-received a .
good 'many communications from gentle
men m different parts. 01 state, on the same j
line, but we have been obliged to withhold I
them because of the crowded condition of
our columns.' We believe nearly all ot the!
papers in the State favor the appropriation,!
and.we are, glad to know 3 that the almost
universal sentiment in that regard finds a
response in the Assembly, and that tbe bill
as reported by the committee, passed tbe
House on yesterday unanimously.
Monroe Jxpreas : A great ' deal
of cotton remains in the patch in this coun.
ty.- .Immense quantities of guano are
being hauled out by the f aimers. . One
house ; here ' has already sold' -: 800 tons
this season. -: Died,, in Anson county,
00 the 17lh'lnst., Rev. , Dr.' John. S. Ken
dall; aged 88 years. - The deceased was the
father 01 Kev. T. w nenuaiii or tuts place,
and was a highly respected citizen.:
The cotton receipts at Monroe for this sea
son to date are 17,519 bales. Mt Is estimated
that we will not receive, for the entire sea
son, less than 20,000 bales probably more.
The total receipts Jast season were 14,022
UK1CB. . .
Raleigh' Visitor: Now, if the
North Carolina Legislature would . pass an
act entitled "An act for the destruction, of
dogs and bad roads" allowing so much
for the scalp of a dog, and. levying a tax to
keep up the roads sue would not oe very
far behind Colorado.- The" Durham
county bill failed to pass the Senate by a
vote of 22 ayes to 18 nays. A highly
respected farmer by the f name of JoLa-T.
Howell, living o miles from -Uxlord, in
Granville county, deliberately jumped into
a well forty feet deepT killing. Mmaelf al
most instantly. - William Wynche, a
farmer living near Franklin t in 'Franklin
County, bad the misfortune to lose his old
est daughter on Wednesday of last week,
his Wife on Friday night, and his second
daughter on Saturday, all from pneumonia,
and his third daughter ia. now lying at the
point of death with the same disease. ' V' '
Fayetteville - Mcammer i ' Mr.
William B. Buries, of Cumberland county,
is the proprietor of a newiy. invented col
ton planter' for which a caveat has been
filed at Washington, and a .patent . applied
for. , We learn from a correspondent
in Sampson county, that the kitchen, cook
ing stove and several articles of value, be
loneioe to John R. Fisher, of Little, Coha -
rie township, were consumed by fire on the
night of tbe 12th inst.' No. insurance . Loss
considerable. .' Mr. Fisher sustained a sim
ilar loss about two years ago. - North
Carolina has something over a half million
head of sheep altogether. " We can see no
reason why she should hot have five- times
that number, and of better breed than those
noW kept; except the want of protection by
proper legislation. - The legislature
which will give a good dog. law to North
Carolina, wiH have erected a monument to
itself more lasting than brass.s:.'risttroii
Rsleigh Neto8" Observer: i- The
report of the Insane Asylum shows 273 in
mates the building being' filled to Its ut
most capacity -with 194. applications ; on
file, awaiting their , turn. , .Balejgb's
height above tide level is 803 feet "' On the
Raleigh. Gaston road the . height Of vari
ous places is as follows: Crab tree Creek 228
feet, Neuse River 228 feet, Warrenton 451
feet, Summit 807, Gaston 152 feet, Wei don
75 feet About a mile this side of Hender
son is the highest point 509 feet. On the
Raleigh & Augusta Air-Line : there -is : a
tremendous grade from Raleigh to Cary. .
Raleigh is 803 feet above level, bat a point
only four miles away is 498 feet, being a
rise of 193 feet. Cary is 495 feet, and Apex
602 feeti while Shaw's Ridge, the' highest
point, is 510 feet This is between Keyset
and Manly. - At Deep River 'the height is'
poly; 199 feety and at Haw River crossing v
.'..-' . .. .
1 . .