'' r v".
I L J
! - ' . " Hera r-fl "Ti'-7' :;'.--:r 'i -"'V1'"- 7' "TTTTT'P'?.
-, K ..- POBLIBMB AT-
$ 1 .50 a .Yeax. in advance.
-a iif -
6j jioi-ootH MMiaeagMgjgg
o t- oo o o 00
Entered lit the Post Office at Wilmiogton,
: Nl-p.ji aa second-class matter. J s r y
The sabscripcion pried of the Wskk
a star is as follows : . V
ingle Copy 1 year, postage paid, f 1.50
6 months, " " 1.00
POLITICAL KrBlCN. ,
We mentioned thalMahone's de-.
sertion to the , Republicans afforded
unmixed satisfaction to his new allies.
By hb : action I he betrayed the true
interests of the country. He identi
iiesiiimself with the parly of corrup
tion, that has so much abased the
Sout! j.; : lie gives .the Garfield Ada
ministration a. fall 5 weep, and hence
forth the: 6rfrse -of -empire" is to be
directed ' solely hj ihe .friends of a
strong i Government 1 Senator . ": Beck
thinks that it may be better for. Gar
field to control everything, as he will
thus have the credit for all that is
'goods and the responsibility for 'all
that is bad. , ' , ' ' I ', ,
i -1 '
Hnl this consideration will not re-:
lievej Mabone in the least from the
odium of - his - indefensible .; action.
Hot will he escape the ceusare of all
jast men, although his; conduct
meetB with such high' favor
with 4 the j ? powers that be."
It w almost1 amusing : to read the
editorials of, the Stalwart .organs.'
Theyj think Mahooe is right both in
political ethic and personal obliga
tions. They pretend to believe that
he is racticing only a high, morality
winiii he Jbeuays one . party to eive
party supremacy. They
s iy h ia Democrat and cannot act
with Bourbons. That is to Bay, he is
agreed with the latter in many - great,
priiiciiei, else he cannot be possibly"
a Ddmacrat of the slimest sort, and
he Uois but few opinions in. common
with the Republicans, bat it in much
to hi credit' to cooperate with the
lUtfr --to sell oat bag and baggage,
and to go back oponj his professions
in the first instance. They call that
"political ethics." u They must have a.
work on moral philosophy made to'
order to sait fast saoh cases. Bat the
abase rX Senator i Hill . very
' roaadly for pouncing Mahone, r ac
cusing ,him of ; coarseness and rvaU
garity, and brutality and "plantation
V And all
made him ; show his hand; and held
up in a proper light. the-oodact of a
man who woald profess Democraoy
while betraying it into the hands of
the enemy. If . he ; had ;deserted . to
the enemy daring the war whilst pro
f essing attachment and; devotion to
the Confederate cause, his oondact
would bave been i on apar with that
pursued by htm in politics.
It is. hot jdenied that.-Mahone ha&i
had au' understanding : with' -ar field.;
Tde Radical organs do not deny that.
Ma boh e aots -for a., consid efatiidn.
"It makes it no worse to eall it a bargain .
Possiblyj it nivJ an understanding, to?
ff-trdiog'tbe adrntofiBtratlve posttioos' of tbe
Senate, and- not impossibly:. ooe.regarding
appoiotmeots to the Federal service io Vir
gioi.: AS to the former,' it; is bo worse for
o&e man having the voting power ta detet
mia'e patronage, - to use it to' suit himself,
ihQ it was for the Democratic . majority to
turn oat 'alt- tbe employes of the Seaate,
' when ihty attained a majority, in order to
put id their own men." ' -- r .
Sor,there was u bargain' and what
""sort of j a bargain?" It mast .have
been this; -Says Garfield (o Mahone, if
yon will lvote with the Republicans
in organizing ; the Senate, and thas
give them 'the control, I will give
you - the: dispensing of all -Federal
patronage in " your State. '-That is"
what ' the organs call high political
ethics. . As long as it-,is tbe Demo-
' oraey that is betrayed ahd sold oat it
is all rights, ygryj pure land ;higbr;
toned acr.' It only Jbecbmes political
immorality, yhen .a BepaWicaQ : tarns
traitor add sells out to' the enemy.
What a wonderful differenceifc make
witli'theni.ivbbse; ox .is gored. ; !',-';
The Republican party ia notonly
.--. ...... - - iT - ri ii ri- t . - . . . - . , . . I i i -" x -? i w:- . ,. - ...... r'v o . . . . n - - i i t -
vol. xii. r
oorrupt bat it is bypocritical.; Has it
not tor years been Slandering and de-:
nqnnciog the South because of a pro-!
position n ihe States to com'promiBe1
debts ,of $V.aoTVen'ti?i
-Has V notiprofd W entertain, the
greatest oomeinpt and dislike for all:
forms i of rediatron?jAu7yeiv itj
takes gladly tq itsrjalpitaJ
ting bosom the iittleiYirginian ,who
sells -out for a considerations Mahone
lata. E4 ia jJbe, ackhdVle?dged leader!
o( the repodiaBg Read jasters.- Even :
a paper of the; type of the Philadel
phia 'Presr admits this. .. fit say S i
. V;.rOnlhe other hand, itianriot be forgot
:ten that the particatardocrrine on which
-Gen. Mahone has ecured his snccess in
IvTireinia is one with which the Repablicaas
can have no possible sympathy."" -.h-'t
- r. 1'bat: fparlMtlar Soctt 1 nV i re- J
padiation ft says; sVjuarelyt '
"Gen. Mahone. has made his fight in bis
State professedly on tbe issue of repudia
tion. , Sc
And yet thellepublicans ; hag this
leader the - grand : Mogul, of ;.Vir
ginian Irepudiationists and say 0 to
him in bis desertion, "well done, thou
good and faithful servant." It is for
the . Republicans to s reconcile 'the
honest voters of their party to such a
course. ; It will be fyery: difficult to
make it appear the Tight ; thing to
make bargains with a man who owes
his saccess (on the issae of repudia
tion.' The Press " is constrained ' to
say, whilst insisting ( that) jMahone
has illustrated admiraWypolitical
ethicBw: ; ';' ; : ' " :l .
"The - party. cannot- sustain rlhei public
faith in the Nation and outse .repudiation
in a State.' Such compromises are far-reaching
in-their influence,' and wherever it
reachs that influence is vicious and un
But all of this is welt enough 'so
Mabone succeeds. ' ' He was only using
the debt question, say they, to break
down "the overbearing political des
potism of 1 the -Bout bons." He only
used, quoth the r Press, : "the debt
question" as ?fa means to attract pop-!
ular support." . He succeeded, and.it,
is 11 right," provide he will not carry
out in the? future-, his repudiating
plans and " become a - "sure . enough''
enemy 16 "the honest payment of the
debt." i'.ia - Iha-d- -n-
rtThff wiacnsritay nowj; they ?wilf not
go with him ,if. be pursues to their
legitimate ends his'epudiating-tbeo-ries.:
' But tbiais:ail talk. : If it U ne-
cessary to have Mabonn's support in
certain measures he may go' the full
length of. repudiation- and : it will be
all right with the Radicals.; ; But the
probability is that the time will come
when the Republicans can dispense
with Mabone's , help. "Tbe Fhiladel-
...... ... , .... . , , ; - .,.
phia Times says: Is
' -"ADother change, or two in the Senate
will make Mahone of no account; and then1
his-partners in ther present; bargain will
turn him adrift with the same pleasure with
which ibey haive now sought bis aidj - V
I Oo thetherhand .Mahone mast
be sustained by Garfield or he will be
powerless in irginialT. . Withoutif the
cohesive ; power -r of -publie plunder?!.
his' f oliowerai might disintegrate - So
Federat patronage., is necessary and
Garfield is the man Jto giye it. ... .; ,-: :
j 5 By the River and Harbor bilLNorth
was a -good: thing for ouic Stated ''It
was needed and, it was secured,- r The;
importance of., the improvements. in
the Gape Fear river is now recognized
by leading Senators of ; both partiesl?
Wei mentioned, beforojtbatVorth-
Carolina;, is?indebted tnainly .tq the
effortw of-Senator Ra nso m - for-; this
generdar appropriation. Ills 'pef;
8pnal ' popularity , wiih., members - of
both-'partieSj in Wahineiton; is such
that we -may hope that mth 'aRe
publioao Senate our State' and its
important .interests -will, be neither
r neglected, nor-ignored . A prpminen t.
: Republican; io,' Washington : recently
;sav for himself to wbom' oui people
are indebted for the liberal govern-
mentaUaid, and said -he thought
.General. Random -deserved a -column
Editorial in recognition of .hia valua-1
ble; services. He1 is none 4 the1 less
appreciated although his name is, not
so often in the '.public prints.;. L .-A
quiet,-effective, intelligent-, i pertina
cious worker he is apt to accomplish
what he aims at. 1 North Carolina is
sure ,tObe"weiI served : with Matt.
; W . Ransom in' thee .United States
Sen ate. : c'i..: : y. c'.v.t
lt turns out happily for Mr Frank'
J . Wright,- thattbeaccount-of h.is
death by lynching,, which , we ': copied
a week or twoeicce, war untrue. The
Herald contained .the. report apd the
icene was irP Colorado1; 'MrVf Wright
is ali ve and, well and is at Sjiyer City
KewiMexico. ' - - -' ' V-'-"'
' 1 " - ' ; . ' 1 " " 1 " '- ' . ' ' . - '. ' . - - i ' J i i , - . i . i " ',. ' ii- -J
Wilmington n. oiFRiD Am mmcmMMsM
':---;X';- iTHB SCHOOL- tiV. '
! 3 We published yesterday , a - syhop4
sis of the school law passed by the-
Legislature. : We promised to puV-'r
Jish the. teitt;pC thobill as -jadoptedj
finally, but not -haying seen it : we
availed ourselvesof-the-Bynopsis as it;
-The hill that passed is an improve
;meat .on the bill aa first reported.- It
is. not perfec'vbuilt is -vastly better
than the bid school law in force here
tofore.". We give the Legislature all
due credit, for : what ; it did., .-There
M really , an , awakening in hehalf : tif
education. The intelligent people of
the State Mvetah Hold of the very
impOr'tani. matter In earnest, and we
may. fcoperipw Jhat there will be
steady, j advance Xcom year to yean
There ls u
learn before North Carolina will be
up to" the measure of duty. Bat
there are many encouraging . signaV
All real friends of popular education
may thank God and take courage.
j The Stab didnot favor the plan of
prescribing an uniform series of text
books for, reasons given before and
unnecessary -to be repeated at length
now. j We believe l it is a mistake.
Twice in the history of North Caro
lina have Northern publishers paid
handsomely oreffered to pay to have
their text books introduced in the
common schools of ; this State. We
are opposed to giving men a monopo
ly. , It is best, we have no doubt, ; to
leaveHt to the county; boards, and we
hope yet to see that system adopted.
But the Legislature thought other
wise, and we can but? hope the State
Board will act cautiously, intelligent,
ly and fairly in 'the selections made.!
But, we are constrained to say, that
it is our belief that it will prove bur-;
densome to thousands of parents and;
will not give the general satisfaction
that the other plan would have done1
Why the' choice was given to the
State Board we are not informed j
The . Superintendent of Publio In
struction clamored for it, we believe,'
but unless it was urged and adopted
becaose - it 1 would give more
centralized t . power . to the . -State
Board ;we . do not : know' ' why
distribute - - the u p'o wer- wf2. ''ielebtibdP
throughout thToorls. a But : time
will show -whether a centralized pow
ers hostile or beneficent! ; We may
expect, that an advanced opinion will,
lyet abolish it- ; Other - States,' - in
which educational systems have been
perfected much beyond ours at pre
sent, have tried and given up a gen
eral series of text books for .'a whole.
State. There is ny sound" reason, as
we understand it, why a million and
a half of people shall i be; forced to
acoept a set: of books selected by a
few men.J who do not choose after an
inteliigeBt. and . thorough' test of the
books. : All teachers' know that the:
value or defects -of text' books are
more Surely known after trial in the
j; We are, much gratified that the Le
gislatore after refusing to give the Su
perintndent a clerk add providing f or
his travelling expenses in part, recon
sidered and yoted a sum for each .Wo
ihink it would haye been more liberal
and practical to have simply paid him
for thelegitimste iexpenses incurred in
travelling; on omcial. business., n -Ihe
sum t500, provided' in - the bHl, yill
pot be enough if the Superintendent
s;thorbughlyi efficient randaciive ii
the ; discharge ;of his -dnties. If (he
does not keep in the field a gTeatdeal
then he will not expend1 the amount
allowed He ought not to be required
L to travel for a day at his own expense,
upon .-- a. salary off $1,500 j a i y ear--a
Very contemptible consideration for
the niost important oflice in a great
and progressive . State...- No strong
mao, . thoronghly ; equipped I for the
work, will ever take the office of Su
perintendent of 'Pahlio Instnl ction at
-the present salary. ; A hundred - se
cond, third or fourth-rate men woald
bVglad to take it at: fl,Y0d perhaps
less. An office .requiring the rarest
combination of giftsready Writiog,
excellent; speaking, thorough know
ledge of all of r the; best methods . of
teaching, 'unflagging' energy; intense
enthusiasms-can v never be filled pro
perly; until the .salary is -made equal
to ita high claims. A man of. the right
stampif su'eh an one ckn be found--
.could, not- 'afford; t s.enter;iupon
reallyj great work wit less pay than he
worn, muKB at uib xeguiar Tjauug.
The . Superintehhommpn:
1 schools ot a largo r State sought to be
ah officer of as much responsibility,
dignity and yal as that of Governor
or Chief jjusticei C?When the, ablest
men only fill that office it will be so
regarded and the pay will be com
mensurate with'tts claims. . But; can4
it be so filled wkhout the proper pay?;
We think not. . ' '
We regard it aa fortunate that the
office of county' examiner was abol
ished and that of . county superinten
dent substituted. - The pay $3 per
daywheh engaged ;ih' his' duties, is
'about right, we sapposer It wasprd-S
posed first to pay 12: ' 'But the bbjed-
tion: was that 'qualified' men would
not aerve at that price.' The general
provisions under this head seem to us
'to be excellent, and we cannot doubt
that the change will prove most sat
isfactory and penefic1aj;v?' Ife .
fX4syafa not apye or jne . prppo-
sition to set aside annually 1 00 for
ich county to encourage tbe hold
ing of teachers' institutes. ( This", re
quires an outlay of niBarly $16,000,
and strikes us as unnecessary. If the
teachers of a county desired to hold
an institute of the kind referred to
they could do so very easily without
much cost, if any, to themselves.
They are to be benefited, and they
could very well afford to ride, a few
miles to attend one. Whilst hesita.
ting an drefusing to make the great
Superintendency effective and poten
tial, k which $1,000 additional would
have.done, the Legislature appropri
ated $10,000 to forming teachers' as
sociations thatthe teachers ought to
form themselves and without expense
to the peooleThis is the - way it
strikes . ns. We ; Bhall notice other
features of the law. - , ,.
ANUTBBB OIilNCK 41 THE COIT1-
jaott scnooii uw.
The levying of 12i cents instead of
20 cents as the-first ! draught of the
bill required, , pn every $100 of pro?
perty,; is in accordance with the ne
cessities of the ; situation. ; It could
not have .been 5 more ; without serious
detriment to other interests under ; the
circumstances;; . tThe bill; provides
that if tbe ; sum raised : by ; this tax,;
fines,; &c., ,r shall -jl?e insaffioient to
maintain; one .or more schools in. eaoh
distriot in each county for a term of
four4.:im0Bl4hat tben .the
ooaru at ;.eaBoatipa . Baait .levy m bpt
oial tax to meeti thefdtficienoy This
is precisely as it should be according
to. our judgment. It guarantees at
least one school for each district '.for;
four months in every year. This is a
very; great advance on the six; weeks
terms of the past.:: : . : v : i
. There :js another, improvement de
serving of special mention. . .The
whole cost of building, repairing and
furnishing school houses is to be met
by the school committeemen, to be
paid out of . the school fund of each
distriot We hope 'the school com
mittees will endeavor to improve the
school , facilities in this very imppr
:tant ; direction,' and' make' as far as
possible i ' the children ''. comfortable.
iThe houses ought to be warm and se-
cure, witn sumcient winaows, ana a
stove would contribute in ythe winter
months to the comfort of the pupils.
Thus far the money is provided for
four months' schooling.., . Next, there
must : be .cosy, neat," comfortable
school Jiouses. Thenand of great
Iconsideratipn, there must be qualified
teachers. .How. does the law propose
ltd supply these? First grade teach
ersreoeive $3.a day by the month.
The biU appears to ieave ii; undecided
whether they are to be paid for the
Bcnoot aays pnty or tor. tne montn as
k'iohofa - Tliepty is a very decided
.advance onlhatformerly - cjiven,
and is about right, we suppose. ; Se
cond grade teacherft: get $& adayand
third grade .$15 a monthvjThe iln-
kiaja said3"poo? vpreacb,! poor, pay.'?
Ifwill be popr. teaobing that.will be
done.f orr$15 - a; month 50 ; cents. a
day.-. Think of; an educated person
fit to teach young . children the
hardest imaginable thing to do well
Ureceiving 50 cents a day. Or think
of one ; qualified le teaph arithmetic
and Eoglishr grammar and geography
and writing, toiling for$l5 ' a "month,
and lotbingr and . maintaining , him
setf. jitis absurd.; ! No such teachers
jan he found in many .districts. '.'But
we must hope, for the best. Wo
think: it nanJe'rror to have' a ' third
grade class of teachers at all, and
eisp'ecially.f at ao small;, pay.,. The
others aro-ftllT-pghtyrbnt': some jndi
cious - friends1 Of education , would
hay preferred but ne grade, and to
-plnem'sir wellllas the aohobl fnnd
wm auow. . -
lU! We'are glad the LegisiaturO pro-
i'j-i iv t-ci.t-x i..'.v.Jiv -;?'VJ
viueu id a special act io sea vne uonus
belonging to the schobl fund 'and to
distribute the proceeds! The iVews-
Observer says the school f und will
receive mis year aooui $i3u,uuu irom
school fund will' reach' a half million i
dollars. We would suppose this to
be too small an estimate. L;
'.' The Legislature has' also provided
$4,000 for at least eight ' Normal
Schools four white and four colored
each ; rice to have $2j6po.; There
nave been two schools in operation
for several years One ' white, ; at
Chapel Hill, and one colored at. Fay;
etteville. These .are schools for the
purpose' of instTubtingtoaqersJ
short, session ' of 'active work is de
moted to giving t instruction. "Tjiy tho-
ivuguij biaiucu iieauuers, . uiiuur
teachers with less advantages, j They
are believed to be very beneficial by
those conversant with their workings.
They are ; regarded Very 'highly' in
the Norths and muoh good is thought
to have resulted- already, from' the
experiments that have been' made in
North Carolina'. "
n Would you believe it? ' Already it
is the talk-that- the Western North
Carolina Railroad is to beoome the
property of. the State again J We
hope not. After the extra session of
the Legislature at a cost of $20,000'
and : the'' confidents assertion ' that a
sate had been made-a suretenough
bonai fide ft unmistakable .salewie;
hope .- no 8uch . mistake . will occur.
News was that the elephant had been
sold. ; Does nobody want the; ele
phant? . . : j; i . '.,:n",
S. B. Bordenyhabeen' appointed
storekeeper arid guage'r for the Fifth
North Carolina District.- . ;-
Bancltna Bxeeatlenal i' ' ' ; ! '-"
. - , i - . . ... . j '
The ' bungling manner in which Jim
Black was executed at Marion, S Q.i on
Friday, alluded to in our telegraphic col-
umns yesterday moraine, shows the impor
tance of having a law like that; which Gen.
Manning, Sheriff of this, county, tried to
get through the last Legislature, providing
that ali executions should take place' at the7
tate Penitentiary under the direction Of
men -experienced ifl jthe . basiness, clt is.
terribly revolting to read of such cases as,
that la question, the result of inexperience
on Ma paft r perfoefnBW4t UmL
Mnnlaaainl inn raonAiiiihla Hntv I.
-By the waV, Jim Black. i whdf doubtless
deserved hangisgr owed his fate in a mea
sure to the vigilance of one of our colored
deputies SimoS i A. '-Richardson who ar J
rested tbe murderer in this city and got the.
reward of $100 offered for bis capture. V
Foreign shipment. ..-....! , . . .; y&s--Tbe
foreign shipments for the past two
days comprise the Swedish, barque VCMm,'
for. ; Graotoq, Scotland,1: by Messrs. Alex
Sprunt & Son, with 5,500 barrels of rosin,
and tbe Norwegian': barquentine" JVonfen-;
told, for LondoD, by.MesarsAiex. 8prnnt&
Son, with 2,488 barrels of rosin. . , t .,yr
' '::'''n a"' ' ' i i'hitiii 'j.
Shlpplnavln JPotwsi -S5.W, j pSJ"
-Yesterday there '-'were -53 vessels in' the
port of LVihnin6ncla88
Barques 17 Korwe'gian, 5 Oerrnan. S Swe
dish and 1 Danish ; total 26. Brigs-1 Swe
dish, 2 Norwegian and l1 British; total 4J
Schooners 22 Amerjnn and 1 British; to
tal 23. L- Besides which there-rare- a number
of smaller craft uoder 60 tons burthen,
steamers, etc.; not usually included in our
marine directory.1 - - 1
Syaopal of lb. ebool BUI. i;
c- Raleigh News-Observer. 1 - 1.
; -The : most important act, jnext to
that submitting prohibition -to the
people,. passed by the 'General As
sembly is, without doubt,. that pro
viding.for pnblio schools. It is top
long for publication by ns entire, but
we print below a carefully prepared
statement : .of its provisions,' : which
. wilV perhaps, serve a bettor purpose,.
as tar as tne general :reaaer. is con
cerned, than :- thepablicatron' of - the
aet in full. - It is,' we leaira, ; entirely
acceptable . to the excellent i ; and
efficient Superintendent . of Public;
instruction. 11 was in a greai meas
ure .prepared by Major Finger, pne
of the most - thoughtful, " intelligent
and thorough of . our publio men," and
received the hearty, support; of ir.
Merritt to whom the people. are so
greatly indebted f Or continued efforts
in behalf of the cause ;of education.
It aims. ; to a establish' our - publio
schools ';'0n;a'broader and s more :' eh
dur.ing'basis, and its adoption ia
highly creditable to the" members of .
the General r Assembly,1 as if marks
an era in; the history of ; onr1 State.
From;npV onward let usS'pursde the
path so nobly" marked ' but for ns by
the present Senatorfirand'Representa
tives of the people, ! and eyer i strive
to push on the 'work; they have so ad?,
. 1. The aot provides that the State
Board Of Education shall recommend
a series of; text books, which shall be
nsed: in all , the publio, schools of-the
State for a period of three years, and-
Board to regulate the" prices. ,? v . u
2. It provides' for .travelling 1 ex
penses of the State , Superintendent,
not to exceed $500, and fori a clerk-,
ship to his" office at teOO.'-
- j 3. It abolishes thW bf&Tse rcouhty;
examiner, to take.efiect from and af
ter the first Monday in Jane, 1881,
; : NO;'21.
and substitutes therefor the office pf
,pounty .superintendent of public in
struction, who' is to be elected on the
jsaTd ": first' Monday in June, by. the
'county board of education ' and the'
board of county- j ustices j ointly. Th e.
county superintendent. Is required to
examine candidates, who . desire to;
teaoh,' and pass upon their qualifica
tions; to visit and inspect the public
schools -in the county; to ad visewith
teaphersjs to the ; best . methods o;f
instruction ;.. to .suspend teachers for
want .'.of fqualification, ; "neglect - of
duty1! or j 'improper ;'conduct,; 'and
notify rihe school -committee ' of
said su8pension, stating the cause;
to distribute blanks to school ; com
mitteemen and teachers; collect school
statistics'an'd receive- reports' from
teachers heretofore made to county
treasurer; tQ countersign all orders on
county x treasurer for schools moneys
in payment, of teacher's' salaries; to
hold and conduct teachers' institutes
and to exercise-, genieral supervision
by et;th 'public schioolspf his conntyi
ana to , report tne scnooi. statistics
annually ;0.o.the first Monday ; of 'j De-
cember to-the. State Superintendent
of V. Pubn6Ifistriicti6n,Fpr these
duties be is to receive a comTpensation
ot. $3per day for each day.. : engaged j
to be paid Out of the unapportioned
school fund of the county '.Provided
That he shall not receive in any one
year more than five per centum of the
entire amount of the school fund of
the county. -' ; ,. -, .-- -i. -
' 4. It requires, that the school funds
of the county shall be-apportioned on
the firet Monday in Januoryin each
year, and shall be based on the actu
al amount of money in the hands of
the cou n ty treasurer, and' not on the
amount levied ' on: the tax list, as un-der-the
Qldlaw.it..:,,; '4 Mr-iy::)
. ; 5;, The county board of education
may annually, apportion $100 out of
the public ' school moneys to defray
the expenses of teachers institutes;
and where it is deemed practicable or
advisable a number of. counties may
unite in pne institute. . . , . . j.
6. The school year is, changed so as
to correspond with, the county fiscal
year aridwill therefore end Novem-i
ber 30 in each year, r. - . -i iipy-J
Tkvelve and a half cents is leyied
on each-$100 valuation of property
for school purposes, arid if this,' with
the capitation tax, fines, etc, shall be
insufficient ? to maintain .on or more
schools in each district of the county
for four months in . .the year, then the
county board of education is required
to levy a special tax to meet the del
ficiency. J Said special taXis to be dis
tribated by the odtioty 'board nnder
such rules as in the judgment of said
board will secure a four-month school
1 ... . . t I
9eotim 3,f Urtlnmm
arpuodj the bellectiouK handUagand.
disbursement -of school monevs. aocf
school committeemen are required tor
take deeds for all school house sites;
acquired bv them.-1" which must 1 ba
resrularly probated, recorded and de
posited with the county; treasurer for
safe-keeping. Blanks for said deeds
are to be r furnished to the said com
mitteemen by the county school au
thorities. . ...
9. School committeemen are au
thorized to pay full' cost; of building,'
repairing-' and - furnishing- school
houses : .instead .of : half Lthe. cost,' as
provided in the old , law! this cost to
be paid out of the school fund of the:
district for which the house -is built.,
10; Certificates from cbunty superj
intendehts will.be valid in the county
where issued, for. one year . from datej
and no teacher can be employed .who
does not produce & certificate of pro
per 'date from the county superin-j
.11. First, grade teachers, may re-i
ceive ; 13.00 . per Vday, seebnd grade
$2.00 per day, and hird grade $15.00
per month for services. -No teacher
can be vpaid ' for: a less school terni
than nnet month. . u.j ini-'kn til'.
; .12. The State Board of Eduoation
is required to apportion on the first
Monday in August1 all the school
moneys in the State Treasury. : 'yst
-There is also a special act passed
by the . General Assembly requiring
the State Board of Eduoation to sell
during this year the IJnited States
bonds belonging to! the school fond,
and to distribute the proceeds, to
gether with, the I distribution . school
fund now in the hands of the State
iTreasurerto thefeveraljcpunties of
the State, on the basis of school popu
lation This fund to be distributed.
this year -will amount toabout $130,
000. Thd entire school fund for the,
year- will probably reach half a mil
lion of dollars M ' 5 ? ) 0
! In addition to the appropriations
made in 1877 j for- normal schools at
Chapel Hill "and Fayettevillei section
5 of the aot passed at the late session
bi :iha Genenl Asaemblv makine an
appropriation to; the, Ujuiversityi ap-
propriaies . - iur otuer uuruiai
Bchools, $2,000 for white teachers and
$2,000 for colored teachers, providi og
I0ai not 1688 ' inan iourj eonoois tor
each color shall be established.. . The
location,- organization ., and - manage
ment of these 'schools' are under the
supervision; and control of the State
Board of Education. - From the opeK
ration ' of : these , normal schools we
expect, an. impetua will j be given to
the cause of eaijcation in every local
ity of the Stsite; because with better
teachers will necessarily come - better
schools and a' greater interest ;in edu ¬
oation; .A tew years or earnest work
Will " Boon'1 prbduoe "mpBt " excellent
effects " in5 North " Carolina. i Let - us
hasten this consummation which we
all so earnestly desire, i i - t
Greensboroj Patriot i .Mr. Max.
J. Qorman is not connected with the 'Patriot
in any capacity whatever, and has not been
since, the evenineof March 14cbt v
.i r-r o.neiDy,nas.?naa-an l.tsoo iiire.
Tbe Charlotte OfisertSer "says": A storehouse
ad dwelling belonging to Mr. 8 J. Green,
was cH)08umed. rOa neither of these was a
dollar of insurance, r Tbe stock, of soods in
JLh t store was,: however, savedv ; A-Mr 5 Fer
guson lost the stock, and fixtures ot itis res
taurant valued at $1,500,00 whicb there was
00 insurance. ' The ; buildicg belonged ;. to
J. C. Gidney & Co..' 00 wbicb ibere was
an insurance or f 250. Tbe tire reached the
store room occupied 6y Messrs! JrA Sum.
mers & Sod as a furniture store, and then
caught ao adjoioiDft dweHiDg : occupied by
Mr. h H. Camp, nil of which Were entirely
consumed. Mr. Camp saved, all bis furni
ture and Messrs.; Sammers & Son aved all
tneir rurntiure, tools and lumber. ' -
; Charlotte -Oowrvcr:" Yesterday
moruing Mr. Jahn..T?ogelv on opening his
merchant tailuripg establishment; discov
ered that during the night itr had been en
tered and; fobbed of about 150 worth ot
made-up clothing. , 777 The, liquor- men
here are discussing the questtun "of -calling
convention in .view; .of .the .prohibition
election in, August. Goldsboro, they think,
is the most- eligible "place.'i The object of
the convention will be organiz tion for ibe
campaign and an . official expression of
Jtheir position,-and other matters incident
to tbe election. Tbe Jfottb Carolina
Mill Stone Company,' whose woiks , and
quarries are at Parkewood, Moore-county,
North Carolina, and who have a braucb
Store in this city,' have just receiyed here
t wcr portable mills from their works. These
nulla are- neat in design and of first-rate
uaiaTj, reflecting" credit on the' manufacu'
rera. ;:The" company! now. have extensive
shops and a capacity of , one portable mill
perday. The stone la acknowledged to be
of a superior quality-, especially for grind -ingcorn
meal. .Tbe company have only
been in operation sioce January, 1880, a nd
have full orders. .v- ici- j 1 -j
... i. 1; " ' . - " y
y- Uharlotte; Observer : ..We are
Lkely to have two telegraph offices fur some
time longer.' Rufus Hatch who owns 500
shares of Western Union stock.: has begun
proceedings. ; against, the consolidation,
as has also tbe French' Cable Company.
There; is reason for believing that there
will be. some further developments with re-:
card to the ownership of the Western North
Carolina railroad wiibin the next iew days- '
Messrs." W.J Best, the Western North
Carolina railroad purchaser,- -Juo 1 Gatliog,
attorney of Raleigh,; and Jn.o.genderson,
anorney, of. Salisbury .have been in ibe city
siaceay before yesterday in close consul
tation with Maj.. Dowd and Judge Eurei.
What their buniuess is has ..not .been made
public, but it is thought to be the beginning
of the fight which Best threatened against
the Richmond. &. Danville railroad, or his
partners in the ownership of tbe Wesiern
North: Carolina railroad It seems
hardly probable that the road can be com
pleted to the Tennessee line and to Vigeon
river by the 1st of July, however extensive
tbe operations from '.bis time, forth, f If, as
is. well -known tbese conditions - are oot
complied with, the property reverts to tbe
State by the provisions of the Contract.
Such an event is greatly to be deplored, for
tbe very reason that influenced those who
advocated the 8ale.,;.v; - ti j s ,. r- - .
4 - Oxford 'Free 'liatnce rf ; Kext
week we propose to have a word to say up
on ' the,", merits, of ' the ' proposed county jof
Vance.". 'The present indications are thai it.
will be killed al the' ball t box. The
Presbytery of;. Orange wilr.hold 1U; 223d
stated Session at Chapel Hill 00 Wednes
day, the, 13ih of ApriL . Oo Monday
last the Mayor was occupied ail day hear
ing testimony in the case of Dicy Burwell,
charged with an attempt to kill bet bus
band with., a mauj. Thedefendanl ,w'as."
bound, over .to the Inferior ".CoqrCI
Mr. R. L. Hunt has sold to Prof.-Jasmund-
if tK. Hnrnr Ahnrit lifa lorna onH h.tiH '
Jtr OTlrrr' for lbs JBm'of Six'lhOna.nd
dollars. Mr w ill bUld loo asutbex lutl
---Witb tbcetiemeDt of Col J. 8 Amis
from the Bo rd of Directors of the Iosaoe
Asylum disappears the rst, last; and pbly
representative the county -has bad in a
Democratic State-government or. any part
thereof since tbe close of the .war. -.
Capt. A. H. A., Williams returned from the
North Wednesday night, and brings the'
gratifying intelligence that all be neossary
iron, tbe engine and the ! rolling stock for
the Oxford & Henderson Railroad has been
purchased. He assures ns tuat it is his in
tention to get to active work just as soon as'
possible putting ' down the cross -ties and
laying the iron. -;,,
, l-t Lumber ton JZobesonian: Robe-Tw
son and Columbus counties get two Sena
tors instead of one, and therefore the peo
ple of ; Robeson, will hereafter be repre
sented in the Senate., by one of ber own
citizens.!' -The-road law was' left un
changed, although a determined effort was. .
made to keep them tip by an indirect sys
tem of taxation 't be 'levied and assessed
by the Board of Township Supervisors. .. It
is fortunate that the' measure did not suc
ceedas it was unwise ! and burdensome in
many of its provisions t - The Revenue -bill
is' a decided improvement over the last
and we think will : commend itself to the
people. 1 Rev. D.. A.; McRae has just
returned from rezas, wnere ne nas oeen
doine Evangelical wpTkvfor isomeiUmew
i Shoe Heel items t.Thexe will be per
haps 2,000 tons of guano delivered at this
place this year. During-an aherca
tion with one Evans,.last Monday night, J. .
C. Fuller received a painful stab in tbe left!
breast; We learn that another steam
saw mill is to be erected .by Messrs. Shaw ;
& McNatt a short distance abore this place. .
' Sboe'Heel-TTTilden Quhele Shoe '
HeeL Here we are back.where we started
from six years ago.r; Andbere we propose -lo
remain for two" years more 1 unless the . .
Governor should be kind enough to call an
extra session of the' Legislature.",. .
There have been 88 bales of cotton received
In this market since last report.' ' Total re
ceipts up to March 12th, 5,996 bales. This '
is over 1,000 bales more than the entire re
ceipts of last year. J t j.f, .
; Raleigh INews-: Observer', There.'
are no less than1 859 grain' distilleries In
North : Carolina. This has been the j
best season for .-theatricals Raleigh ever
eair. : -- Lieutenant Henry .B: Lemly,'
now on detail is charge of. a military acad .',
emy in Bolivia, has been publicly compli
mented by that government for his services. '
Lieutenant Lemly is ajhative of -Salem. N.
C. We are, glad .to . learn", from a
Chapel Hill correspondent that Mrs.' Cor-' .
nelia Phillips will nt permanently remove .
ber residence from Chapel Hill,-wtth which
she has. been so long identtfledr and which .
she has so greatly adorned.- After a visit r
to her brother in Washington City' and to -'
her .daughter,5; who is 'pur-uing her h art ";
smdies in New Toik at Cooper Institute,"
Mrs. Spencer intends to return to her old '
home, "the dearest spot on earth", to ber.; -:
At 7 o'clock last evenine, j as John r
Hnbbard, keeper of tbe county work bouse,
which is about six - miles from the. city,
opened the door of tbe buildingthere wb
a rush of prisoners from tho interior, and jo ;
an instant be was knocked down and tram
pled on by the -flying meo'- AH' were ;ne- 5
grcea, the names of three being Praok Cot-'
ten and Frank Smithv'botirof Raleigh, and
'Leonard Raifd.'-'-The names of the others
were not learned.: Before the last man had
gone many yards from the 'door,' Keeper '
Hubbard; who Israi one-legged oiab -and "
.was a .Confederate soldier, recovered his
' footing, and," grasping his shot-gun, fired at .
Leonard Rand, the rearmost, prisoner, ihe i
load of shot taking effect in the bead and: .
causing instant death. The other fugitives