rrxijiisrca-TOisr. isr. c
$1.50 a Year, in advance. '
I I SSS8SSSSS8888S-
, . I SaS22S2SS92S2885
St 9S 22 00 ?2 -"5 0"0 S 95
- ft CO
oo oi o fj o
at the Post Office at Wilmington,
C, as second-class matter.
- -: ,V. . .-v 'I'M '
- The subscription price Of tle WiSKft
v SrA is as follows - I
inrle 6opy 1 year, postage paid, $1.50
r months, " " 1.00
3 " " " I .50
Wn recur to the narrow railways
wlncH we have discnuaed .more than
onoK. - All that .we can larn concern
'iZ them l)uL il'fjtiirt unr Conviction
that ilu y :r -"an -unmixed ; liieKHinff
Httii ail-t!M pit;nHarIy to the South,
'Htnl pKii:iliy to the hiil and morin
t tin o-iinueH of our Mate. A nar
row yaslge road fr.om Snthvrlin , on
lin- llicjiinmiti 5e Danville road via
M .!;o:i aii'l Iti.xboro to'Oxford would
f ..i" rai. benefit i to that Hection.
i)i -..)) i il th money is forlhcom-
! tr i-i-l iIih- jM?MjIe . prefer the wide
r in ' lui!l iu liut the -ar
rn: itii would ansvver t-xeelleiitly
an 1 Ciuid lie ooiiHirucled ami run for
a!uL half thcii!t of the wide ianre.
When we jo farther west the nar
row auye rojul .will b found loan-v-r.
vvery puij0!! txept for long
iriiik linen. i here are a dozen ,4r
morfof conn ties in the hillooontry
of North Carolina that would be ad
v.iiiocd immensely on the high road
io juosjenty if they would make.
Micritictfrt fur the time and construct
i)Hiri vv liauge rt:idi to the main trunk
We have met recently -with- an iu
elructivp illnstration of the great
utility of the narrow gauge roads,and
we desire to use it! at once for. the
heiif 6l of our State,' so rich iu unde
veloped rt-pources, aRd bo bleened of
Piovilnce. : Amongthe 8purn of the
LJiUiitllidge in Virginia, by reference
to the map, you will find Franklin
:ou ity. Taking the Midland ear
at Dinville and riding over thirty
miles von reach what is known as
"Franklin Junction." j Here you find
the terminus of a narrow gauge road
forty miies long. -By taking the cars
yon will laod at the county seat of
-FranklirJ, Kocky Mount. . Now this
narrow gauge road of forty, miles is
not owned by any tich corporation
abroad or at home. It was built by .
thtf people of Franklin county them
selveH. They needed au outlet, and
iiiny ueierminea io nave u. ine
roid is excellent, and meets their
' , : - - i
neoi-ssitics admirably. That you
may nee something further of this
capital narrow road, we will copy
from a very interesting and spirited
letter in the Richmond Christian Ad
, vocate, from the pen of the editor J
He Las been- over the road recently,
and writes admiringly of it. He
' "The track, with narrow bed. and light
rails, clings to the sides of the cliffs, glides
through the cramped gorges and scrambles
over the rtrigea. The road belongs to the
cuuoly of Franklin. With wine public spirit
the people voted the money. Tne prosperi
ty by this coo nection with the great high
ways is seen everywhere. The town of
; Reeky Mount has doubled its population.
New building and new business are spring
ing up Before the road was finished a
citizen, to get to Richmond, must needs go
ncross the Blue Kidge to Big Lick, on the
Virginia & Tennessee Railroad, stay all
night there, and start at 11 o'clock the next
day. Now he can, by close connection, tret
to the capital by early sapper on the day of
his departure from home.
"We became fond of our toy engine and
road. It was clear, the people on the line
were proud or their iron path and plucky
ponies. At the depots they walked up to
our nag, fondled and admired it. It brought
us to our destination by 8 P.- M., making ;
eleven miles an hour."' .! ; ; j
Markyou,tbe conntry through which
the narrow gange passes is very broken ;
and hilly. The little engine takes
you alonjj quietly and smoothly orer
this rugged, and, in, the winter time,
rauddy country, at the rate of eleven
miles the hoar, which is nearly as
good as l,ho Raleigh & Gaston Rail
road was accustomed to make about"
the year 1845. The people are de
lighted with their investment. Tluy
own it and they boss it.
Such a road, we repeat, is .the very
thing for a score or two of counties
in Western Carolina, and might be
i : it- i
r . ". ' .. i t ' '
" ' s ' ;-; ' " '
j . " : - . ! . - . .
& . r .
i : r
used generally with profit as feeders
to great Hunk , lines r outlets for;
counties otherwise cut" off. , A road
of this kind from Clinton to War-'
aw and one from ;doiowto flome
point on a raiiroad would be of creat
advantage to the people of those
icountiop, Wilmiugton , might con-
iBtrupt one, from .hero Xfi Bmithville.
Thia will be done whenever there is
jcapital iii vested in making Batd HeaS
a groat surfbathing resort, as it
ought to be, and a fine hotel and
other accommodations are erected.
In the flat eo an ties much better time
could be made over a narrow road
than- in the bill country. We would
suppose at least fifteen or sixteen
niiles the hoot might be made, possi
bly eighteen. . , , ,
j iThe following graphic and amusing
pesdrijnion :'ofJthe" Franklinrrow
gatige -from ''Mr. LaferCya pen will
be relished as a pleasant supplement
to what has been paid:
"The yearling cngine-7-a sort of Shetland
pony, as it were,, hut true and plucky as the
whet-l horse of the old stageR presently
tigh:en d the trce and trotted off. The
speed whs the gait of the tmmac bull to the
country bicyclts familiar to Halifax street,
i'e'eiebimr. when lie m on the home stretch
forthe toitil.-r stHck out m Dinwiddic; his
stip iSvm'fh y hvelv' for the size of the
critn-r ' The gradcB are rapid
dps nn-l oownf, like the shaking of a car
let. Th rnivt'8 are worse than the let
ter 8- ; If jiiu re -concerned as to the
wherrabonta uf : the spirited Iittlo loco
motive, jast look oat of the. back
door of 1I10 hindmost couch I nnd glance to
tlx- lighT or left, nnd the trallsnt Mustang is
eiilu-t uHilopint; , through the chinquapin
bu?hrp on one side or careering among the
e'dtr -hfuhbi ry ftlung a branch on the other
Kido. 1: they dou'ifciraighten tmt tbedoub
Hinii at certain poin's some will play a
practical j"ki. by tying th- bnch pin of the
r ar car to. the. cow-caK:hrr with a trunk
Mrap wblh- p'lintf around h bend, and ham-
s rmg ihia tnnt Bintio. . 1 bese last two par
aernphs are xiiiten a a sample of pure
and nrunixeit llyiwrhidu, ami to assist
tHschrs in ihetoric iu illustiating that fig
ure.' 2 ,:. -iii .-;'- : ,. '".--..i
fThe more narrow gaugo roads
North Carolina has the better. Bat
to get them the people interested
must emulate the example of the peo
ple of Franklin county,Virginia,and,
determining to have them, let them
make sacrifices to secure them.
j j According to the rt-port of the
Census Bureau the total production
of tobacco t in North Carolina is
i - - - -
27,000,000 pounds. -This knocks to
pieceH the pt-cuIations'or writers that
the crop was much larger. North
Carolina ranks seventh in the list as
tO( quantity, but as lo - quality there
is rone to compete with her. Bat
thi fact does not appear in the re
port. There ought to be a State
Tobacco Association, and one of its
chief duties should be to report an
nually the sales of. North Carolina
tobaoco in the .Virginia markets, and
to disseminate the result throughout
the world. The very superior grades
of North Caroliua tobacco will never
be known abroad in the North and
iu Europe until this is done. There
is one house alone in Richmond, Va.,
that sells a great deal of oar fine
golden tobacco, and at high figures.
This tobacco is credited to Virginia,
when that State cannot produce any
such weed. ; .
The people along the Northern
border of our State arc resolved evi
dently to crush out the whole breed
of rapists. --The quiet people of Stokes
county, which adjoins the county of
Rockingham where the other hang
ing occurred under the .decision of
Jndge Lynch, have given a . quick
journey to another world to two ne
groes: in prison for "deflowering a
white girl and a white woman. The
white, tneu of North Carolina will
break cp this devilish business or
hanging will beeome as common as it
irin Texas. . The brutal, lastfal ne
gro who yiolates the person of a
jwhite . woman will - be harried into
eternity without awaiting the uncer-
Jainty of a verdict or the forms of
aw. It will .be .understood after
awhile that the negro who lays his
hands in violence upon a white wo
man dies, ill is a stern and swift
process, bat necessity regards no law.
We print in this issue a letter from
Hon. O, L Dookery on the prohibU
tion question. We shall ' probably
have letters from one or two promi
nent Democrats on the .same question
in a few days..;; - , . '
, As wo pablished , .what N. B,
Brougiiton said of "RevS. B. Brown,"
the speaker of the late anti-prohibition
convention, we ; will now state
that Rev. S. D. Brown publishes a
card in the. Raleigh State Journal
denying Mr. Broughton's statement
that he was unfrocked and proves it
by the "mirtutes of the second anpual
session of the Elkin Baptist. Associa
tion held in November, 1880." Rev.
S. D. was-, the speakerreferred to.-f
Tarboro Southerner. 1 -;
SUB It JUAN BIAKING HIS OWN
Gen. Sherman - is generally consis
tent. - He is almost certain: to betray
the cool insolence 'of his nature! and
its 1 inherent ; meanness, X06. .when
ever he speaks or , writest He bas
written a letter to a Capt.f T. H.
Lee, of New; Jersey; " that is so char
acteristio of the infamous fellow who,
harried and burned and plundered as-
he went, that almost ' any one coald
rhave4.guessod the authorship if there
had been no name attached. In this
choice specimen of epistolary writing;
he says ' that the ' North ought to
write all the histories of the1 war as
,the Nortb "conquered the rebeiiion.?
If the authors of the histories were
charged , with $ as much . vr vindicv
tiveness, consumed with asmach
hatred; " filled wltn ; ; ' as inucb
depravity and animated with a simi
lar spirit of diabolism and untruth as
this Northern Alaric, those histories
would be preoious monuments of bile,
slander and falsehoods. : This nine
teenth century vandal dares" to say
actually ' that the Southern people
should not be allowed "to write their
old worn-oat theories, and impose
them on strangers as a troth fal ac
count of what they could not help."
Bat let us hear this house-burner
farther, fie says : -
"We must sneak and - write, else Europe
will be left to infer that we conquered not
Dy courage, stun, and patriotic devotion,
but by bruto force and by cruelty. The
reverse was the fact. - The Rebels were no
toriously more cruel than our men v We
never could workup our men to the terrible
earnestness of the Southern forces. Their
murdering of Union fugitives, burning of
Lawrence, Chambersburg, Paducab, &c,
were au right m their . eyes, but 11 we
burned an old cotton gin or shed it was
barbarism. I am tired of such perversion,
and will resist it always. !
; If the reader would see how this
fellow acted in North Carolina how
he devastated : and burned let him
read Mrs. Cornelia Spencer's "Last
Ninety Days of the . War.w If he
would learn; of the vandalism and
brutality of the Federals in the Val
ley of Virginia he can find it in a thou
sand sources of information. Hun
dreds of dwellings, some of them
costly smd ancestral; even tho very
mills; that ground f the broad for
the- hundreds of thousands, were
destroyed by the torches and
turpentine of the army of plunderers.
The outrages perpetrated iu the Val
ley werein many instances as horri
ble as those that have marked the
most horrible wars : of the last five
hundred years. That Southern sol
diers, knowing the wholesale deviltry
and destruction practiced, sometimes
retaliated is only too true, for brave
and compassionate as the true South
ern soldier was, he was i yet human
and the worst passions of his breast
could be aroused by the beastliness
and savagery of the enemy he fought.
But let usjturn to the Great Bummer
himself. Let us seo how he bore him
self as an invader. Let us see what
qualities of mercy he displayed.
The South Carolina papers have
before proved their case that Sher
man burnt Colombia. They are
again proving it. Let the reader get
the touching, graphic, truthful ac
count of Sherman's doings in South
Carolina as set forth by the trained
pen of the late eminent William
Gilmore Simms, if he wonld see
what sort of a barbarian the vain
glorious Sherman ; is. Then read
again Halleck's hint to the Bummer
and Burner that he should sow
Charleston with salt, if you would
have your hatred of meanness and
deviltry intensified. Said the virtu
ous Hall eck to the child-like and
merciful Sherman : -
"Should you capture Charleston. I hope
that by some accident the place may. be
destroyed, and, if a. little salt should be
sown upon its site, it may prevent the
growth of future crops of Nullification and
Secession." j-:-.. ''?'; .,: :,;5. .
Sherman's1 reply we - have pub-?
lished. Ho tells his twin-brother in
villainy that he would bear it in mind
and a certain corps would attend to
the inhuman suggestion; ; " " ' ' - j
. Mr. Daniel .-; Hey ward, ; of New f 1
York, writes to the Charleston News
& X Courier; on 1 the 8th instant, as
follows : ' -
"I beg for myself to say that I saw the
first soldier of Geo. Sherman's army who
crossed the Savannah River, and with him
camerc In a very short time, on the
west side of the river, every dwelling; negro
cabin, barn and everything that could burn
was on fire. From where I was I could see
bis fires for forty miles. .. ;
'After leaving Savannah he ' went to
Beaufort and crossed at Port Royal Ferry ,
into South Carolina proper. I was there'
again before him on the Combahee River.
There again every building, dwelling, negro
quarter and barn - went down , before his
torch . And so on did he go in bis march
of one hundred and fifty miles to Columbia,
driving the women .and children into the
woods and swamps, without cover and with-'
1 v.ivc.i fit.' i: -1ijj'.
WILMINCTPN,: Ni; C;, EKIDAY,
; ;Of ih'e:.burn '. Mr,
Hey ward -flay ai riVVi;??f 0t!-ll!?C;4
s M YaiiIb sheaUied his 'i&oord and with aj
torch in his rigbt hand he led Mb . 14.00Q
men Into thatHty, whose very atmosphere
was terror; "Tne horrors of .'that night no'
one can tell ' Old men and women, moth
ers and children and maidens,- iu the ; dead
of night, turned into streets arched with fire
and filled with 14.000 soldiers, flJs jtis the
nineteenth: century hkd MlA
Mr. Hey war,d then gives an account!
of an intet vie wiwithi Gem Robert E.
LeWhen!thcrand old 4BoldieruWhs
on; hi$ ;yaytd'Flbrida in -ieafchr
health. Ho asked the foliotng "qiiegjr-,
. ypas Gen. sfaerniari justiGcd, under' the
usages !of waf id- burning, as be passed
thxeigh. South Carolina, Jho houses of our
jwomei-apd children "while our men were
iin ;b .field, fighting him 'bravely?"' His
Seye'.flasaed as oil U battlefield, and half
rising frm Us sgal,he8aidTn S voice more
emphatio than I ever heard him: "JVJj, sir)
No. sir. It wig the act of a mvaae. and not
justified by tAtsass of toar" , : .....
j t A writer in the News nnd Courier
gives some account of the burning of
Columbia and of tho testimony off a
gentleman connected with' the.' en
graving department of the Confe'de-
fete JStates, located at Columbia. t t
is this: . ,-i iu&., - .- -.'.'
I "He said spies from Gen. S.'s army in
Confederate uniform were in Columbia
several days before the city was occupied
by the Federals, and they told several per
sons that Columbia xoouid be burned by Gen.
Sherman. Certain dwellings were spared
because their occupants were i of Northern
birth 1 How could the winds so direct the
flames from the burning cotton a9 to leave
those houses and destroy Christ Church
and other detached buildings?" . . ,
Mrs. Elizabeth A. Meriwether
writes to the Hartford Times an ac
count of the way she was treated by
Sherman. He robbed A her : of ; her
property because her husband was in
the, Southern army. ; Sho , gives . a
most pitiable .history of , tho ; affair.
She sought an interview with the
Northern .Vandal. . She had nothing
left to live on. Wo can make room
but for the following : . ; ; , . , j . ! ? t
; "Gen. Sherman then told me that as long
as my husband stayed in the rebel army he
would not restore my property 1 said to
him: 'Gen; Sherman, it you take from me
my utile rents, I will have nothing to feed
myself and my little children upon.! Gen.
UUDtlUBU A V (pitVVa IU U WOW - ; TV Ut UD U(J MAV
glanced down on his shirt front: 'twould
give you a set o: shirts to mane tor me 11 .1
had not given them to a woman who says I
have robbed her of all she has.' ' :
"I made no rejoinder, but took my two
little ones by the hands and left bis pres
ence. ;" ' .'-'."--.'..?..'" - " :
"Shortly after this Gen. fihermaa ; pub
lished io the morning papers an order, say
ing that for every one of his boats fired
upon by the rebel soldiers, he would banish
tea Southern families. My name was among
the first ten ordered to leave. The names
of the ten Southern families, among which
was mine, were published in the New York
Herald of that time." '
Mrs. Meriwether is the author of
thenovel, "Master of Redleaf," and is
of North Carolina ancestry. Her
home is or was it Memphis. , j
l it - ' . 4
DR. GKISSOIS AND THE DEJAK-
l ' NETTE CASES. v
We have before us the report of
Dr. Eugene Grissom of the trial of
James T. Dejarnette, at Danville,
Virginia, for the killing of his sister
on July 8, 1880. It is from' the ad
vance sheets of the Jane naVnber
of j the North Carolina Medical
Journal. This case excited much
interest throughout the conntry. The
deliberate killing of a sister, the
former . respectability of the family,
the intense feeling manifested against
the prisoner, the wide-spread com
ments of the press, the grounds of
acquittal these causes all conspired
to give to the case a very uncommon
The press generally condemned the
finding of the verdict upon the plea
of insanity. The Stab, amongst other
papers, did not approve of the ver
dict. It did not believe that the plea
of ! "emotional insanity,", set up' so
often in the North, ought to find its
way in the South; ; It condemned on
what it saw, and it condemned hasti
ly. ! After reading Dr. Grissom's able
and thorough discussion) f 48 pages
we are ' constrained . to say :this: no
jury ; would have been justified in
hanging the ' prisoner in tho - faoe
of such testimony.1; ; In other wprds
Dr. Grissom has . proved his case;
that the mind' of the .prisoner
was disaased,and that be was a victim.
not of "emotional insanity," for no
such plea is pretended bufr of heredi
tary insanity. The evidence to estab
lish this chief point, on which the
whole defence hinged, seems to be
conclusive. No , man could be con
victed in f any court in the face of
such evidence. :-, -. uim-ui .
It is not necessary that we should
go into the matter at large. There
was insanity on both , sides of the
prisoner's family, and for more than
one ; generation. The witnesses all
testify to his . strange conduct for
months previous to the murder, and
of the very perceptible change he
underwent. ' One 'physician had
t4 sJj IT'
a is '-u' uifat ij
treated., a Jdipease- he suffered
tuat is often allied" lnumaten
insanity. Two ,skilful, experts, gave
it as their decided : opinion that he
was laboring under "delusional in
sanity'' that" alf off. the faculties of
ii'J JilfJJiy ;;Ui-; ---i
uis uiiiiu weru ltuuutrcu. . :
Dr. Grissom's testimony was clearr
! unwavering;, decided. He was very
sharply cross-examined " and at great
i t-vr. - TT- v
jKtMtrui. i y o quoit) iruiu um partem
ItbeReport becaaso it corrects
error into which the Stab was led'
i ?The crosa-examination continued f or the
retnainder of the day, taking a wide range
concerning the causes, manifestations and
characteristics ; of insanity, tho physical
effects of the disease, its hereditary trans
mission, and the responsibility of the insane
Sot their acts, developing only the reiterated
expression of Opinion by Dr. Grissom that
he recognized insanity only ax mental impair'
merit produced by a disease of vie oratn, and
did not believe in a moral or an emotional in
sanity existing without a diseased brain, tho
physical basis of all mental faculties, and
that his ' opinion' was, that the prisoner
suffered from ordinary insanity with delu
sions, the opinion being based upon the
family' history of the prisoner and his own
history.?.-- .yv k-n r. ; 1
j Dr. Gri880in through somo twenty;
quotes i; at large from a
of .writers , upon Medical
Jurisprudence in ; justification of iis
theory as to 'delusional J insanity,"
writers of celebrity in Europe, Groat
Britain and tho United j States. He
gives the opinions, of Dr. Gray and
other medical experts who ; have
treated hundreds and thousands, of
cases of insanity.' All the authorities
go to sustain his theory and to justify
hia opinion in the Dejarnette case. In;
introducing his long arra'yof authori
ties he says: j; .,- . .1;
1 "The corner-stones .of. absolute cod elu
sion in Dejarnette's case are:: - j
) "1. The existence, of hereditary predis
position to insanity. 'I - ' :
"2. Its development as exhibited in many
ways, and notably by delusipne. j '.:
i "It is true that the acceptance of the fact
of the power of !i heredity baa long formed
one of the elementary propositions of medi
cal philosophy, but in view of efforts to
debauch and mislead, the public mind, it
may be not unwise to return to these fa
miliar principles ' which have been charac
terized as visionary and peculiar. -'"
! "Let us record from the vast number of
facts industriously gathered from the expe
rience of mankind a few conclusions : from
the first authorities in medical jurispru
dence in England, on the Continent and io
America. ... i; ' -.- ' i , :-. -:U
!"It will be found that from the earliest
observation to the present day the weight
of intelligent opinion, and from the most
skilled observers, grows steadily more and
more; as information widens, to the ac
knowledgment of , the overwhelming im
portance of JieedUary in the development
of insanity." f- . j ?;-.-5-,--s-;- j;; -:
' iDr. Grissom deprecates the haste
with which the! press condemned the
witnesses and the jury and the voice
of the people which demanded that the
prisoner should be hanged. He acted
from a high sense of duty and in the
interest of soienoe and humanity. He
quotes appositely from a lecture be
fore the Royal College of Physicians
by Dr. Conolly to this effect: 5
"The same ' courage which causes ; the
physician to brave the dangers of pesti
lence, should support him in this duty, be
neath the assault of pestilent tongues and
pens. Not the voice of the people calling
for executions, nor the severities of the
bench, frowning down psychological truth,
should shake his purpose as an inquirer and
a witness. His business is to declare the
truth, . Society must deal with the truth as
that after the
prisoner was acquitted he was placed
in the N. C. Asylum under his charge,
and that "there is no reason to doubt
that he was not only insane when
the homicide was committed, but
that his disease has affected his brain
to the present time." . . The. Report is
well , worthy , of being ; read by 1 all
lawyers, ' Judges, 'experts, and men
who sit as jurors.- 7- -. -;. ; ; -
Fender Superior court.
-' In the case of Addie Howard, colored;
charged with infanticide, which was tried
before the Superior Court of. this county,
on jThursday, His Honor, Judge Graves,
presiding, the jury at about 11 o'clock the
same night returned a verdict of guilty of
manslaughter. , . I ; " -' -: j . a ,
Messrs. Bland rand Powell appeared for
the defence and Mr. Solicitor Galloway for
the prosecution. ! ; -'- , . .c
, ; i " m, m m
. . ! j. - ,' Prohibit ion Verr WeaU.
's 1 i State Journal. . .. .,
A correspondent from r Guilford,
with excellent means j of knowing,
sends us the following: "Set ! down
Gnilford 500, Randolph 250,' David
son ;500, Stokes 650, Rockingham
1,000,. Caswell 800, Person 250 and
Alamance 1,000 ' majorities against
prohibition, iri Augusti" t All j right,
but we Can do better ' than - that5 my
friend: Watch and wait. We are
making up OMr, figures,1 and from the
way it looks now, you may set down
the State at a little short of eighty
thousand majority1 against..
A. well informed correspondent
writrngfrpm "Lenoir;' county says:
"Lenoir county will vote against pro
hibition by over 2,000 majority; Jones
1,000 majority and Onslow 1,500 ma
jority, To tho West the same writer
sends greeting: ", We will cross the
Wilmington & Weldon Railroad, go
ing west, with a majority ; of 40:000
against prohibition." '
? Asheville Female College, had
190 pupils during the year. -
- 1 -I t - i . - I ... . ,. . f . J .. - ; ,-'T ... !
! t 'J I.' s
THBJPEAHDT CROP. ,
PABTJAI. , PAILTJEBl . IK f4 THNNKSSEB
- CONDrriOlI.AND rEOSJfKCTS IN VIB?
GINIA AND XOBTH
BABILITT .OF BCTTB PEIOKS, ETC. - J
.In reply to a dispatch: in .the Baltimore.
i uaseue irom rtew xoris, pascu uu uus uum
Nashville, Tennessee, in regard to the fail
ure of the peanut ' crop - in that State,' the
Ciacinnatidcalers" say:; "Hundred of letters
have been received ; here , from all parts of.
reporting a bad stand, numbers of the far
mers having planted the third ' tlme,! and
tetiH 'failedHa get a fioodtstand. f Erwy
pafge house lar CincinDati;'ha a. resident
jrepresQatatlve jn Tennessee, aod . their re
porta of an almost .entire failure of the crop"
are nearly unanimous. Some say there will
pe a vnira ot a crop, 8orjaq,uv ai uoe
fiurthf atnliitherf evctf as low - aa'io per
pent. For.tHe last five or six years there
as been no Eastern capital invested in pea
uts n Cijqciunali on speculation. ,.,, The
atest. advices from there Btate that the
prospect for a crop must depend entirely
pon the plants that are now up, as it is en
irelyj top' late ,to; plant .more. There has.
een a iair average demaqd for the Ten
nessee peanuts during the present year;, and
the demand! would have' been much larger
rut forthe intensely cold winter.". J .- ., - .
In reply to a letter from Mr. W.!L Gore,
a prominent dealer of this city, Messrs. John
croggs' & Co.', of Nashville, under date of
June 17th, says: ''Our peanut crop last year
vas oyer 700,000 bushels. This year it will
got exceed 200,000 bushels. , This is a large
estimate; and it would not surprise us if it
tould drop to 100,000. Thc secd rotted in
e ground and the farmers plowsd them
tjp aod replauted . in corn. 5 ..:
I Another; letter from the same firm, of an
earlier? date,' says: . "The? prospect in our
tate is almost a failure. Two-lhirds of the
seed planted failed to come up. There will
not be over one-third of a crop with us," '
f Messrs. Weller & Worth, of Cincinnati,
in their circular of June ISth, say : "Pea-
uts are lower now than they will bo within
e next year or two. It is an absolute
certainty that the .Tennessee crop will be
almost a complete failurefnd we have a
large number of letters containing very
discouraging reports of the Virginia crop.?
I Advices from Norfolk are to the effect
that the acreage in Virginia will be less and
the stand not so good as last 'year. i " j
j The crop in North Carolina is estimated
by prominent dealers here, based on relia
ble information from .the peanut sections,
ai about onefourth as to acreage, with the
stand not very good.
I After- a careful review of the field, we
Would not be surprised to see this article of
luxury and use, after being so plentiful and
Iqw for the last year or so, become scarce
and much higher in the season before us.
i i -
Extensive and Damaging Foreat Plree
j On Sunday last, the 19th inst, during a
severe storm, lightning struck a pine tree
at the head of Colvin's Creek, near the di
viding line between Sampson and Pender
counties, when' the tree became igniled.and 1
the flames , continued to spread until they
had swept over Bome six or seven thousand
acres of land, destroying box trees, fences,
turpentine, timber and other property, in
eluding a large part of the growing crop of
corn . belonging to Giles Hayes, colored;
which happened to fall within their devas
tating course The principal sufferers are
Messrs. J. R. Hawes, tL. Vollers, G. W.
McMillan, Archie Corbett and Geo. How
ell, the latter of whom lost about thirty or
thirty-five barrels of turpentine, some in
shipping order and some in boxes. The
firia was still raging up to Tuesday night,
but our informant, Mr. C: C. Woodcock,
thinks the rains of the last day or two have
effectually stayed the devouring flames in
their onward course.
ttlanop Keanc, " f -
Our Catholic friends will regret to learn
that there is little or no improvement in the
condition of Bishop Keane's eyes, the sicht
of which has been failing for some time
past. He has been forbidden by his phy
sicians to visit cither the springs of Virginia
or the sea shore,' the atmosphere of these
resorts being regarded as too moist for dis
eased eyes. The Richmond Dispatch says
he has now gone to Harper's ;Ferry, where
he; will spend several weeks.
Pender superior Conn. .
j So far no cases of much importance have
been disposed of by Pender Superior
Court, now in session at Burgaw. Tester
day, however, the case of Abbie Howard,
colored,' charged with infanticide, was set
for trial, to commence at 12 o'clock, a spe
cial venire of fifty" men having been .or
dered f rom which to select a jury. Messrs.
Bland, of Pender, and Powell, of Sanlpson,
were assigned by Judge Graves as counsel
for the prisoner. .'l i-1
It is Drobable the Court will remain in
session during the balance of the wees.
eiiBaek.'.T'''-.-.-". '-'.' t ';.:
SoL Moore and Green Harp, the two col;
ored men! who were arrested here a few
weeks aga on the charge of burglariously
entering the store house of Messrs. Westj
brook&Bro.,of Pender county, and robf
bing it of a sum of money and other articled,
and who were taken up for trial before the
Superior ; Court, were returned . to our
county! jail. It -seems that - the, evidence,
was insufficient to connect them with the
robbery referred to, but Solicitor Galloway
ordered them to be sent back to this coua
ty, to be held for carrying concealed wca
pons, for which indictmehts are pending in
our Criminal Court. -
; 1 : : I 1
. Every mail nowr brings us an
number of cotton blooms, but as the first
of the season were received and noticed
some days . since, cotton blooms are .no.
longer a rarity, and our friends will excuse
us for failing to specially notice mem.
Lenoir; lopici The epng-of the
oenst is hushed in -the land; but the thou ¬
sands of dead twigs in the oak forests show
that they have made abaadaat preparation
for another cropreeyeutcn;yeara hence,
f- The escaped criminal Jesso-Smith,
who murdered - deputy - sheriff .Bdker i d
Stokes, has been seen in Alleghany, ?and is.
thought to be taaklag his way to 'Watauga.
As a large reward iaeffred -for: iiis arrest
our friends are advised to watch-out -for -him.
-ir-f' .;'ni "
1 Greensboro z?Battle Ground?
VRichard Moore's" challeng to the captains'
6f the Raleigh and Asheville gu a clubs, tc -shoot
a single match at fifty j pigeons, has
been accepted by both clubs, and, -will take
place at AsbevUlo on July 4 during the
inter-State glass bal . matches, .Qick ,ia a
bad 'man with aaun,. be 'having rwon the ;
three first prizes in rifle.t' shooting' "at. the
schuetzdnfest, in Aiken; S."tJ:; this Bpring, ,
and we expect him-to do credit to himself
and Greensboro at Asheville; -t-
f Wrnston 9 Sentinel: 'Were fa a
great scarcity of labor ia- our place. Al
most everyone is. wanting to hire help, but
there are no idlers-. around.- The tobacco '
factories, which usually "have ail the labor '
they need, nearly all want more bands, and.
any one who has had any' experience at all1
in a. 'factory can'; fiDd iready; employment
here at good wages. -Work haa com
menced along the rice of the North CaroL
lina. Midland Railroad at 'several . points i
The . only draw-back is the: scarcity of .
hands - ' ' - v- j . -- - : -.: 1
Gran villeiobacdo sold at Oxford'
'oh the lOth. at ?73.12 average for four j.
grades, the highest beine ; 100. K. T. '
iSork sold at $85 and $80, . V: Morton at '
W t50. $75 and filOO, ;S.tR.' Puckett j
ayerBged. $54.50 for four grades. Other
prices were $67.50, $60, $05, $62, f $63.50,'
$85, $78, $76, $59, $50, $68, $71, $60. M..,
H. Hester averaged $64.30, receiving $60,
$G8, $50. and $80 per hundred pounds. ;
There Were many - other -very excellent v
sales.; A.' C. Parhain uv'cragcd $63 for
three grades. ,
i J- t. , -
f j Henderson' Tobacconist: Mr, ,
Henry - Smith, pno of our , best and mostv
esteemed citizens, met with a ead andun- .
timely death on Monday. He was engaged ;
injpntting an addition to his dwelling and
working alone upon a high scaffold, about ,
thirty feet from the ground, from which he
fell and dislocated his neck. . Mr. Smith
was the owner of the Henderson Vineyard,
and wasf a man of ..energy and enterprise
and t was - very successful in his under
takings. He was. of English ' birth, but
came here from Canada, several years ago. '
ue was aoont buy ears old. . - , ,i .
' t Mr. A. IL Temple, of Raleigh. .
says through the Newg-CbserDer:'I is pro
posed to have a reunion of the. eurvivine
members of the Twenty-sixth Regiment,
North Carolina Volunteers, some early day
in August next, and that it may be eene- '
rally known please publish this; with the
request that the Pittsboro,' iWadesboro,
Monroe, Charlotte, ' Hickory "Morganton
and WilkesbOro papers will copy this call.- .
Oui old Colonel, Z. B. Vance, wdbbe with :
us on that occasion. I request that every :
surviving member of the regiment who de-
sires to be present will notify me. ;' I '
4- Charlotte Observer: Yosterdav V
evening, about 7 o'clock, as Mr. S. J. War-,
ren and wife were near the crossing at the :
old Richmond & Danville depot, - on their
return from a buggy drive, the horse be
came frightened at a train, and after :
making! several plunges succeeded in get
ting from under the control of Mr. Warren
and made a wild run up to College street. .
where a turn was made and the vehicle .
dashed against a ; tree, throwing, out . the .
occupants. .Both Mr. and Mrs., Warren
were very severely injured, the former re
ceiving a bruise on the t forehead, which ,'
rendered him unconscious, while the latter
received a number of wounds about "the '
head, face and neck, besides having one -knee
v' Oxford Torchlight: The tele- '
graph line will reach Oxford in about ten
days!, -i Rev. Dr. Alexander Howell, a
prominent colored Baptist minister, died at
home near this place on Wednesday last. :
He was in his 70th year. He was founder :
of the CedarjGrove association ; was 8 years
its moderator and was popular and beloved
by his people. The farmers have done
their! duty by placing Gran ville at the head
of the list of counties wUb their four and a
half million pounds of tobacco. .Now it
behooves the town people, or men who
have capital and enterprise, to take this to
bacco from our warehouses and nrenare it
for the consumer. Why, continue Mo.
buildi up Durham, Henderson, Petersburg, ,
Danville and Richmond? It is well known .
that there is more money made from man-
utacturmg tobacco than producing it. .. .
: iToisnot Home: Our sister towns,
Rocky Mount and Tarboro, are exorcised . .
no little in regard to tho location of the : .
fair next fall. We understand large sub
scriptions have been raised in both places,
rDossy JJattle was presented with a large
mirror last week, by the aid of which be is
now able to see himself "as others see him."
-A colored woman near this place was
bitten by a snako( one day this week. , She -is
in quite a critical condition and doubts .
are entertained about her recovery.
Wilson items: The Normal School in Wil- -son
ia a great success. Nearly one hundred
students are in attendance, end. others are '
arriving almost daily. We learn that .
Rev. Mr. Nash and Germain Bernard, of ....
Greenville, made prohibition speeches at
Pactolus; Pitt county, last Saturday, and
were replied to by Elder Alfred Ross, of , e.
the Primitive Baptist church. . No particu-;,
lars given. ; , .. - -r
Warsaw Brief Mention: - We
understand that Clinton Female Institute
closed its spring, session on last Friday
nightj with very interesting exercises by -
the students. ' The prospect for good ' '
crops generally are very encouraging. Cot-
ton, corn and rice in this vicinity are, as v
far as our knowledge extends, very fine. .
We learn that a lad by the name of
Carter, aged about sixteen years, was shot 1
and mortally wounded near ML Olive, last
Saturday might, by a desperado, whose
name we have been unable to learn. The
deed seems to have been done out of mere
wantonness, as the lad had not done any-,
thing to the man to cause him to shoot him'. '
Caused by liquor, ' the murderer; being at ;
the time drunk. . A tremendous, forest
fire has swept away the timber, turpentine,
cordawood, etc., -on 20,000 acres of .land in
Moore! county.. One farm-house, several
out-houses, " one church ; building and a
number of fences were destroyed. 4 t
. Wilson Advance: J. J. Sharp
spoke at the court house last ni&ht against , -
prohibition. Next Wednesday night,"
June 29th, Dr. S. 8. Satchwell, of . Rocky , .
Point,1 for many, years President of the
North Carolina State Board of Health; will ;
lecture in the chapel of the Institute on ,
"Health in Families and Schools." - We ,
had the pleasure of hearing Capt. C. B.
Denson lecture on "The March of Science
in a Century," at Wilson Collegiate Inst i-'
tute on Tuesday evening.and the effort was !t
a learned and instructive one and replete
with deep interest. Prof. Hassell's lec--'
ture on "Astronomy," Wednesday night, i ,
and its interest was enhanced by the aid of
OxyCalcium Stereopticon illustrations. ' '
A difficulty took place on Friday, the
17th inst., at W. H. Drake's near HiUiard
ston," Nash county, in which Jane Coley,
colored, made an attack on Mr. .Thomas
D. Drake with an axe, in self-defense, as
she alleges.' He shot her with a pistol, -
making two Blight wounds in her lower:
limbs and one in her arm near the, shoul
der. " None dangerous. A warrant - has
been issued for Drake's arrest, but at last
accounts it bad not been served.