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ILT(M, HILL AND TH K COD.
Senator Hill, of Georgia, . in his
published interview, reported as
Hay ins! that the war made the Union
of States "a Federal Nation." Bat
he w Ifjireini enough to guard his
HiHifiueiit with this remark: . p
The woril has finally determined Iho
c!i ir-cter of this Government and the rela
iinf I'heStsies to it The nntlmnl char-
f i-r nf I hp ITnilnil RtnlB la mtw aa nn.
q iestii)it!ile and. indissoluble aa that of
or EiclioJ. The war did ., not
the Stales, hut nationalized the
war could not "destroy llie
Staten'j without destroying the Con
Biiiution. Mr.: IIH1 ' never was a
Siaie Rights VVhig, and, therefore;
hit opinions are to be takeu witii
m iny degrees of allowance. He is a
diHciplt of Hamilton, Webster, Story
and Curtis in his interpretation ojf
the Constitution. The great writers
o.i lire question of Stale .Rights in
the - ; South JiuersQu, Madison,
tiei!Ha, Ualhoun, otephenn, Jeller
on Davia aie'not in accord with Mr'.
lliilH views Uenerally. Of course
till! must hold th right theory and
tlieMH great men must be in error1.
This is the way Mr. Hili talks: . I
"Mr. Davis ad I never did agree exactly
as t.i tli.: cli tracer uf our Qoveriimsut. tie
I fkrd ujo.i Julia C CMhoun as the great
l.tji ot itie rfjuili upon these problems. I
w.' n VVhig, anil never bit any use for
mi ::i il.-Ciriu-8 9 Calbouu taught and Dn
v t a lereil lo then, aud I have intiuitely
Air. i X tli is possibly in full sympa
li.y wah the illustrious Hamiltou,
wh.i iA'otil.1 Imirn ilout rnwul iiu!l anil
- I .... J . . . J '
rr i-'i- tt-t libiTty on this coiitinent if
'. r - , : i
he ii d not, been checkm ited ; by a
gfiti-r genius -for government than
In- If y u would see how in
tins iiour Hamilton Ms held in the
North by the enemies of the reserved
rights f States as guaranteed by the
Constitution read the following. ,.
Miitue to Hamilton has been erected
in Central Park, New York. The
Philadelphia American, an tndepen-d.-ut
Republican paper with stron'g
leaniHi.'H to a cenlralizad izovernment.
- - i - '
h ta this to say ; -
' Above all, be was the first cooscious
nprcsruU'.ive d that lendenuy to nation
al z.t ion which has been the master im
puUe in tbe later movements of our politi-
.. r ClM A TV.-.. -J .
beeu the victory of Alexander Hamilton.
Eery successful assertion of national right
aod authority has been the- assertion of bis
insight ind foresight as a statesman. For
a lime it seemed as though his aims in this
regard had been defeated and forgotten:
Federalism perished, and the -resolves of
tfOS became omnipotent. But history baa
justified him, and, in the greatest city of a
Na-ion more in: harmony with him than
with his Rreat rival, bis statue is erected
with. all. honor."i . r
A great fight will be waged yet
before State Rights are buried. A
struggle is inevitable between cen
tralization and conservatism be-
I uoan :- tti.a oAunrainnlv . ef RtaletOi
according to the Constitution, and
the sovereignty of a grand Federal
Nation disregarding at will all State
lines between the' ideas and doc
trines of Hamilton, the Destructive,
and Jefferson, the Conservator. That
h the real issue of the future.' jit
may not come in 1884 or in 1888, bat
it will come. The ideas are ho8-f
tile, antagonizing, antipodal. The
Htrengib,the glory, the inspiration of
the Democratic party of the Union
is a reasserlion 'and : maintenance of
the doctrines of Thomas Jefferson
that the Stales have rights that were
never surrendered and that belong to
themselves as : sovereign common
wealths. :j . .: : j.
Why, so dangerous is the tendency
of the Republican theory - that I ar
staunch and unwavering a RepubU
can paper as the New Yort! Evening
Post is has this to eay : ' . , i; -'
"If we have arrived at a time In our his
tory when it is deemed 'halr-spliuioR' over
State rights to insist upon the maintenance
ef thou provUiomt of the Constitution by
which Vie States uei permitted to act in ttciri
State capacity, then tt is time to took about
us and begin over again, fur there is much
to be Bdone: fn?6ur system, if the States,'
M Bocb; are worthy of. no consideration,!
and the powers secured to them by the
Constitution may safey,be set aside orotsr-i
1 The erection of this statue at this!
late day is significant. It shows that'
iryihe North centralizad ideas 'arej
growing iii avorjand thai, the great1
Corypheus of a consolidated Govern-'
mont is the true exponent of pre-1
vailiug m ideas in that4 tjuarteKIn
their insane war upon the rights of
Stales they will lose in the end their
own liberties, if they are not very
carefuL;; aadjNew Yot will become
4 the Government, if they succeed,
what a coun ty;isttb "at: Statefbnly a
part of the. territory ct& Nation. The
sounds the alarm. 3 It saysi i
-: ' -; f ' . i--, - ; xr. :i i & 'h ; ?; -u J-IM -vi
''The Hepublicinsdo Qotmke anyaoisy
proclamation of their Federajistic ideas.but
their movement, is for- that .reason all the
more dangerous; for. they are stealthily ad
vancing, step by Gteptjmward their object
ive point, and at every, step are being re
enfoiced by stcuiing a stronger hold on the
resources that an unscrupulous command
of Federal patronage offers to the uses of
partisan warfare." r
jSuch views are to be commended.
They show that now and then there
is a Republican editor who has not
forgotten the teachings of the Con
stitution. .But, per contra, the Ne w
York Tribune speaks of the rights of
States as a mere "phantom" to be ig
nored by its party; whilst the Chi
cago Times holds i that the United
Stales is a Nation - just as France or
Russia is a Nation.' Such seems' to
be; the opinion of Garfield and other
Republican leaders. Bat Mr. Hill
does uot go thus far. r lie thinks we
have a new sort of Government a
Nation,' and yet somehow with the
States still preserved. How that is
we will not undertake to explain.
Bat whilst some Southern men may
be for giving up the reserved rights
of States, and the drift of things
throughout the North is to a strong
Government, it may be well to remind
all concerned that the time was when
the doctrine of Stale Rights was held
as jtenaciously iu the North in New
England even as it is now spurned
ami scoffed. .'-In the beginning New
England .led the SoulhTin zeal for the
new theory of State Rights. Timothy
Pickering,: of- Massachusetts, was
successively Postmaster General,Sec
ietary of War and Secretary of State
in jthe Cabiuet of r Washington, and
for many years United States ' Sena
tor.; In 1804 he wrote: ' 4 '
' VTbe prtucipala of our revolution point
to the remedy a separation. That this can
be ace unpJished, and -without spilling one
tlron of Wood, hyelhtle doubt. I. do not
believe in the practicability of a long-con
ti uued ' Ubion'.v. A '.Northern , confederacy
would unite congenial -characters and pre
sent a fairer prospect' of public happiness;
while the Southern ' States," having: a simi
larity of habits, might be left to man age
their own aff lire in their own way. The
separation niuEl begin in Massachusetts."
; lo 1811 Josiah Quinoy, of Massa
chu setts, wrote,: on the admission of
ti3uiiana into the Union : -
f ; J'lf this .bill passes , it. is my deliberate
opiuioii that ii is a vir'uit dissolution of the
Union-that it wII free tbe States from their
moral ubtigaUofl, and as it wilt be the right
of all, so it wiU.be the duty of some, defi
nitely ui prepare for a separation amica
bly i' they co, violently if they must."
; .The Hartford Convention of 1814,
composed of delegates from all of the
New England States, said: '
t Whenever U shU appear that the eanscs
are radical and permane.it, a separation by
equitable airahgement will be preferable lo
an alliance by constraint among nominal
friends, bat real enemies."; '
: Neither Mr. Jefferson,, nor Mr.
Calhoun, ; nor --Mr. Jefferson Davis
have taken at any time any more ad
vanced j State Rights doctrine that
these i utterances show. Let South
ern '.. men. reflect long and well before
they give up the mainstay and a3gis
of jtheir liberties. '
IllOKK ABOUT THB MOMMntt.
1 It should " not: be forgotten that
Sherman I)urnt thirty -three houses at
Barnwell, South Carolina, including
court honse. Masonic Hall, two ho
tels &e.:" The colored people saved
the town. Sherman, tries to justify
his vandal ifeax.by accasing the Con4
federates ot the most extreme savage-'
ry TherV;nevet,wa8 1 a more up just
charge.-; 't Whilst some acta that were
unjustifiable ; cwere perpetrated no
doubt, they . eantiot be attributed to
Gen.' Lse br.ariy pf bis army.i 'When
,Wyadedrlandj and iPennsyl
va&ia he r issued the L strictest orders
not to molest' person or destroy pro
perty. .. In fact, so Btringent were his
orders that Gen. Lane tells us that
he was . notatlo wed loT . purchase
a itrunk1in; Maryland-and i pay
for v it - in - Confederate money.
The Soath'' had the greatest cause
in the world for the sharpest retalia
: : - 1 " - .i ... i ... i ,. iii r i , - .it-'- .i ' ; i " - - f " . w ' 1 i .1 -t
tion, ' but all this - was forborne and
properly. was guarded .rather than'
molested;1 :Gen' l6 actually ' dis
mounted on one occasion to pat back
with his ' own hands some rails on as
fence that inclosed a field that had!
been thrown off. . Officers; and pri-j
vales would not enter, a yard to bb4
tain water save with permission, andj
the people generally, were ' treated
with respect, a due regard for pro
perty being observed habitually.
Sherman's attempt .to blacken the
South will not go down. - Many
Northern people may credit" his lies
just as the Springfield Republican
seems to credit them, but the North-
em soldiers, as a olass, know that the;
South respected property and had no;
corps of bummers.' to devastate ", and
pillage as was ttht Casewith Sherman.
: : . jUxeBepublican thinks if the Sduthrj
em armies could have invaded Mas-:
saohusetts that Boston and the State
at large would have been given up to
pillage and destruction. This is pain
ful. It is more: it does great In jus
tioe to the South. If it will read the
facts it will findv nothing in Lee's
army operations to justify any such
apprehension or statement. It is can
did enough to admit the following:
"The war was one between two commu
nities and it had to be fought out until one
or the other was pulverized. ' .The weight
of the war on the South, its loss, its suffer
ing and its sorrow, few in the North realize;
but there never was a civil war in history
fought with less barbarism and stained with
fewer outrages, or tbe burning of a State
capital on which the hate of the North had
centred for four years would be no matter
for dispute or doubt. The simple fact that
the burning of Columbia is the solitary out
rage brought forward even' la the South is
its own proof of the moderation of tbe
It is very greatly mistaken in say
ing that Columbia was the only in
stance of "outrage." There were a
thousand, and Atlanta and the solita
ry chimneys standing as monu
ments all along the line of Sher
man's march proclaim the truth
of our assertion. Sherman burn
ed thousands of houses outside
of the cities and towns. Sherman
can never evade the force of the ao
cusation of savagery by denial or by
bringing false accusations against
Gen. Lee's array or any other. Not
only did the Sherman army pillage
and barn, bat in Virginia and Loui
siana, in- Missouri and in Arkansas
war was waged by the Federals very
much as Alaric and Alva waged war.
The Chaileston News and Courier,
replying to the Springfield Republi
can, says : - '
: "The whole of Gen. Lee'd army marched
into Pennsylvania, but, not a town was
destroyed and not a woman was insulted.
The orders were istited and were obeyed.
There was less liberty there than in our
own country. A fence rail was a sacred
thing in Pennsylvania, although the soldiers
burned fences pretty mnch as they pleased
in Virginia. It is true that Chambersburg
was burnt by Gen. Early, but this was done
as a measure of retaliation, and the town:
could have been ransomed had the people
there been willing to pay to save it. Com
pare this with, tbe horrible outrages and de
struction of properly by Hunter in West
Virginia, by Sheridan in the Valley, by
Sherman in Georgia and the Carolinas.
Surely the Republican spoke without think
ing. Not a stone would have been touched
had the Confederates occupied Washing
ton, Philadelphia or Baltimore, beyond
what Gen. Lee might have regarded as
necessary for the protection ot his troops,
and the South has never complained of
what were announced as, and defended as,
acts of war, under military necessity. Such
an act the ravaging of the Valley and of
Georgia and the Carolinas indubitably was
ATTEMPT TO ASSaHSlHATE TUB
The whole country felt a shock as
it never felt before when the news
flashed over the wires yesterday that
an attempt upon the life of the Pre
sident of the United States had .been
made, and that be had been wounded
in two places and very seriously.
When Linooln fell before the bullet
of an assassin the whole country felt
he shock terribly and the Sputh lost
very greatly thereby. It was a great
crime and a great calamity! The
country had just ( begun to emerge
from the . fever and. blood-shed " and
horrors of a civil war. Men were
at sea. Bad men were more or less
in the ascendant.5 The long conflict
had thrown to the surface, amid its
mighty upheavals, desperate and un
principled men who were ready for
anything. ' But now 'Our country is
at peace with all the world, and with
itself. There is no political ; excite
ment to , arouse i sectional: or i par
ty or personal antagonisms. , The alf
tempt, under . God's open ; day, o and
in the face of men. to, shoot down
as you would a worthless cur or a
fleeing marauder, the President of a
great country is inexpressibly horri
bley. When the J3zar Alexander was
blown into eternity by' the 5 infernal
enginery of. , ihe , Nihilists who 'hated
God and humanity,' the whole civil
ized 'world was shocked. It is trae
WILMINGTON, N. O.;' EBUXAT,'
there was1 a grinding despotism ; and
the Czar was its head, and still the
better class, of men revved, from tfoe
cowardly and infernal -deed. uBut
here, in this i free land,1 where people
enjoy liberty t air beysdjall the- othex
peoples )f " earth what there to
justify the. horror and immorality of
such a bloody.heilish led? , Nothing,
absolutely nothing.Qj'?'4 itfii
The-whole 'f cbunttifivill unite m
condemning in5 the most unmeasured
terms this latest ao , pf diabolism.
The North and the South, theJEat
and the. West wiU unite in. ono gen
eral expression of " regret and in"tfe
simultaneous ' thrill of ' sympathy.
There will ' be ' no Vvtirif in ! "all ihis.
Every Democrat worthy of the.name
will join, every: 4epablwan ,Hj the
land in deiKuricinanhawieked and
only by a heart :deittuoF':'teo
rality as it is of the milk of human
kindness. , ,p nV't '-V 1 v-il
... It is to be hoped the assassin will
find a quick trial and unerring justice.
The people of the South will join with;
the people of the North in fervent j
wishes and earnest prayers that Pxesi-'
dent Garfield may live in spite of the 1
assassin's bullet,- and that ; he may;
serve his four years with oredit ' and
honor to himself and . with blessing
to his country and the world.' ' ! ';
For the particulars of the attempted i
assassination we refer our readers to
our telegraphic dispatches.
Mt m w m mm w . m m.u
In the death of William Eaton, of
Warren, the State loses ta, valuable
and faithful citizen. ' He' .; died'; on
Thursday at his home in Warrenton.
He .was fthegrandson of .the dis- j
tingniahed Nathaniel Macon, and. had
passed his seventieth year'. Aje',wai
an amiable, modest, kindly man, and
of the highest integrity, veracity and
sincerity. He was without guile and
true to all he professed. He was , a
dose student in the first .thirty .-years
of his professional life and had1 the
reputation, of an excellent ' lawyer'.
He was no orator and had but little1
power as an advooatie. 4 He" was not
a brilliant man, but a.; patient . toiler,
who accomplished 8 great: deal by
close application; He " was' be'tfer
read, than most lawyers of reputation
in polite literature and wrote with ; a
certain degree, of grace and . ele
gance. He was . in no sense a great
man, but he was an excellent gentle-i
man of fair natural parts that hdd
been well improved by" assiduous ap
plication, and he was as pure up
right and honorable as any , man in
the' State. ; He was always held m
high esteem by his brethren of the
bar, and had. the utmost confidence
of his fellow-citizens in his part of
the Stale. : We ; knew him well, and
esteemed him most highly, j ; ;
' He was Attorney General of the
State, and represented Warren coun
ty in the Legislature for five sessions,
beginning with 1838,-w He was also a
member of the State Convention, j'n
;1866, and one of the Commissioners
iwho went to Washington immediate
ily after the war to consult with Pre
aident Johnson as 1 to the rehabilita-
,tion 1 of the State. His last" years
were passed under a great affliction.1
His mind, was dethroned ' and he
passed into the world of light where
mental darknesa-cannot obscure any
ionger thai in tnan .;hiotu'iftfm
nearest ; to his Maker. - Peace to his
spirit. A pure, good, true, noble cit-'
zenhas fallen, and North Carolina is
again bereaved. ; ; i ' C !
j Texas ' is f wise "in its railroad
schemes. The narrow gauge railroads
are to be so extensively ! used that a
network will cover the southern por
tion of the State. Why should not
such rpads be used when it has been
established incontrovertibly that they"
answer every purpose and ar,e so very
much t cheaper? : If in most sections,
yon can construct a hundred and fifty
miles of narrow gauge road for what
you can construct one hundred tniles
pf wide gauge, and the narrow gauge,
answers every purpose, of transporta
tion ' and travel, . why, pot ..build, it
in preference? Why expend $150,000
or i more to, " attain your end 4 when
$10d,000 will accomplish h? ?
; The :conditionrpf.PeMdeni',(5ai
field, at the time we write, 12 o'clock
The symptoms are more encouraging
and hopeful? i. li i: j.sic
i l ,UMJ
r ! There wiU be "po paper issued, from
this office until rWedneaday morning,.
;as" the employes' will ': obfWrvthe''
Fourth of July.
tlie Proapetive vImmlKrainta-A 'Ifte
(Jlev, lit.. Qharbonnel, at the meeting of
citizens ob i Tjmts lay, in response to an in-j
qulry froi MriCoIvilfc.'asio tW 'dnancial;
condition' of ihe proposed 'immigf arits,! saldj
theyt.were' all posfessd 'ef' more or less.
means.jirhc.rewere soce but would have'
sufficient mopey to pay.thoir wayand have!
'some lef t.They are men of various trades,)
though mostly farmers, and even' these in
"most bases' aref men1' w c'f turnelrj
binds to most anything in the" Way "of work.l
iTbey areimea ef intelligence withal, eapti-;
ble of lookirjg.tfter.vlheir Own interests and
making good, j bargain sc f, CbarbonneU
was here" prospecting: about ten years ago,!
and tben aa now he was verv favorably im-J
prcsaed. He is" much better satisfied with;
-the land! below :Kicbmond county la ; this.
direction than he; is farther west, and thinks'
they, w ill be t a great , deal better .-suited to
The following picture of an immigrant ;
'4rtMS 4 W'Ii.feni Whlr.R'a fhn i?iTti yAt !
prB.8e or me purpuae ui .M.gTOj
the very pictare of dreariness and.! desola
tion, may serve tp encourage those interested
in the present movement: vi '
' ' "On the' commanding bill, in the midst
of the settlement,1 sits a handsome little
Church, white and. neat as the lily that lies
On the bosom of the limpid" lake. ' One one
side of the church stands the stately two
storied residence of the priest, while on, the
other serenely sits the modest little school
house. : From this ; central : eminence you
look out upon as contented and prosperous
a little community of agriculturalists as the -
Jatate, anywhere: affords, 'it consists of
forty families, all German. Their dwellings
are humble, but neat and home-like, and
.thrift and happiness smile on all their, sur
rounding. About 3,000 acres were origin
ally purchased.' They were subdivided and
sold in lots. varying from 40 to 160 acres
the former showing tbe smallest, farm, the
latter the largest the average being be
tween 50 and 6Q acrea.,; .: The colonists raise
wheat, corp. potatoes, grapes and some cot
ton. 1 Their fields: and gardens' speak for
themselves,! and; they tell too plainly :and
pleasantly not lo be observed that here skill
and industry go hand in hand.1 The crops
could not be in better condition, all thugs
considered.; They seem as clean almost as
parlor carpets-M-the soil being thoroughly
prepared and well, supplied with the food
tit for ihe 'fields. For these Germans; use
fertilizers; and they, make a good living and
have a surplus besides. . They are progres
sive, and one thing especially is "deserving
ot mention here,, tor it betokens what manr
per of people they are; all of them are. out
of debt !' It seems to be a p art of their ' re
ligion .not to go in debt, ,Their homes are
all their own and such a thing as -, encum
bering their estates fof 'advances'1 or for
any other purpose never, enters their minds.
They are not educated to any such hazard,
They get a mail twice a week and judging
from the number of , newspapers the post
man distributes one ' must, infer, that they
are a reading people.'' ;;: ' i ii.'..i .
: Flotine, the name of : the' settlement, alf
lndedKtp, is considered a J standing argu
ment in favor of small farms, and 'of their
being well fertilised aud thoroughly cuHl-
Severe Accident. r :. "ri"" -'
Mr. John Luaia, Jr., a prominent citizen
ot the Waccamaw ' section, . : met J with ; a
severe accident, on the evening of. the 27th
nit.,- at the new bridge which spans rhe
Shallotte river; a short distance above the
Wilmington , and . Georgetown r road, in
Brunswick county. It seems that he was
on bis Way down, to Mr. P.; Hourk'a store,
with a load of turpentine. when he acci
dentally fell and the loaded cart passed
over him, ftacturing one of bis thighs, and
severely, wounding him about, tbe head.
Despite- his' severei injuries,- however, he
shouted; an alarm ' sufflcjeptly strong. am
distinct toTbe heard a .miler the .nearest
habitable ' point,1 when 1 assistance! speedily
arrived and he, was taken to the house of
Mr, Rourk, where he received proper med
ical and surgical-' attention - At last- ac
counts the, old gentleman was doing as well
as could be '.expected, 'and t , was hoped
that lie weuld soon- be; able to bet on his
feekagain.;,jri:ii . r,s t.f.; . , -
forelan Exports for tbe nontb.- .:'-.
. .The fPltowing Is a statement of the : for
eign exports from the port of Wilmington;
if or the mftnth'of'June.as compiled 'from
the books in the Custom House v.z A -jivAi
Rosin and Turpentine 36,853 barrels,
valued at f77,t)00. " , v iJ
Spirits Turpentine 411.607 gallons, val-
;ued at $155,702. . ;, , , :
jJamberl,oWbWfeet, valued at ia5,-
464. L : .i-.U. ,- -!.-. :.-i ... li b it u '
Shingles 105,000, valued at $679. ,
-'Total 'value of exports for the month -
$258355."'iw.fcji t.AtK.i. is,s;k
Value of exports on American vessels;
$15,507; on foreign vessels, $243,348. . '.
" "-.r 'M aaJ"'aa: ' ' '
iVetrMssi sipsB.eattt.', j-ir - dr -.in jJI-
y The Norwegian barque J. H, Schroensen
as cleared ' from this port for Liverpool
yesterday,. by Messrs. Paterson, Downing
j& Co., with 250 casks spirits turpentine and
3,156 barrels of rosin and the Norwegian
brig &1&7-0, for London, by Messrs.; Wil
liams & Murchison, with 3,125 barrels of
;'.'!.! 'j'i as-S-ar . f- n . U
Beat Get tbe At Untie A; Mortb Caro
& Special to Raleigh News-Observer. o d
(Moekhead :I Cttt J July ;s The
Atlantic & North 4 Carolina, Railroad
was to-day leased to the N prth Caro-,
ina Midland' Railroad' Company ' by
an - overwhelming majority J of j the
itockhpldere, i the vote beiag t H,327 4
for and 561 agamstthe lease. T his
action is subject, , however, to ; the
Concurrence of the' directors. " The
ollowing-officets were elected , '
I Cohimittee on Proxies Messrs. E.;
$ll' Meadows Washington Bryan and
S.fLfLathainif ?i:?s K :--m?t'.m-
I Cbnttnittee'on Finance Messrs".
Lf'Morehead, Jf VJ Wblfendetf atid j
C. E. Foy. : , it?. ,7 : ; ' ;" " ' ' V
I Directors MesiasrtATBryan,
Eugene Morebpad 1"?, tF(Fai8Pnt H
F. Grainger" CL S, T Wooten, , J. F.
ford, C. R.Tbromas7 W.Tr Caho, J,
C.Davisd CC Clarke.f M W.;
f NoTK.-Messr8; Faison, -Grainger
.Wooten,'- Whitford, Cahoand
f Clarke are3 the directors on the part
pf the State. i ?i u , j,
1' i!". ' ui i ...iina i: T:
Mrs. Abrarraraiaeolu continues
aegerdusly ill .:'( Senator David Davis, Who
IS executor of ber late husband's estate,' has
been summoned to her bedside.
.J;-f IfflSlIUWATION again. ;
THE iMSEXISrd AU THK -PBODTJCE ;SX-t
: t jCHAKGK YESTERDAY ADOPTION OF,
,.:.;THI; BEPOST.OF THE COMMITTEE- -INTEEKSTING
i ADDBBS 1 FBOH REV.
C mrJ chabbounel," &cT ' ! I
An adjourned meeting of citizens m the
Interest of immigration was held at the
lrodace Exchange yesterday morning, at
10.30 o'clock; resent, Mr. B.PG. Worth,
Chairman; and Messrs. H. Nait; A. Sprunt,
Roht, McDpugal; W, L. DeRoaset.l F.;W-t
Clark, j DeBruU Cutlar. ,T. E. Bond, Jno.!
Colville, T. D. Love, A. M. ;Waddell, R.j
Hicks, ?no. McRae, A. J . DeRosset, Sam-;
uel Northrop; A- L DeRosaet; and Rev: T.i
"Charbonnel, of Sherbrooke,' Canada.' ; 1
1 1 CoL n Wt L..; DeRosset .was requested to :
actaa Secretary;:i utmiUil&l
, The;teport of the, committee, was read
and received, as follows: ' 1 i
laB. Ct; Worth, Et.t Chairman: ', i h -v '
k vTbe committee ot three appointed at the
meeting held on Monday sssta wunej re-
the general incorporation law of .North;
Carolina for the purpose of collecting and
eommunicating information in regard to;
lands in North and south -Carolina , in .the;
vicinity of Wilmington; of obtaining -au-i
thority to sell such lands and : securing . pur-;
chasers therefor; of protecting the interests
of immigrants by securing proper titles and
conveyances.and advising, and when neces-:
sary assisting, such immigrants as may de-:
sire to obtain homes in this section. '
; 2nd. .That the name of this 'Association
be the "Immigrant's Friend Society of Wil
mington.'? f ' : ; ' -l '
3rd. That all " persons present . at this
meeting may become members ' thereof
upon payment of the membership fee, and
all other persons who feel an interest in the
prosperity of - the city and surrounding
country may become members, by applica
tion to the Board of Directors and payment
of the fee: .That the membership fee be $
4th.' That the officers of the Association
consist ot a President, Secretary and Board
of Directors (of four members) , who shall
be elected annually, the President to be ex
Officio member ot the Board of Directors. .
. ; 5th. That the duty of the Secretary shall
be to; conduct .' tbe , correspondence . and
keep the . records of the Association
and superintend each transfers of land
as may be 'sold through the , instru
mentality'of the Association. ; He shall re
ceive a salary of $ per annum, subject to
such increase as the . Board of . Directors
Bhali think proper to make. He shall also
perform the duties of Treasurer. - ,
i 6th. JE very person owning land, who shall
empower the Association to; Sell the same.
Shall pay a fee of - $ for ! each parcel of
and so authorized to be sold, to defray ex
penses of advertising, and shall, upon sale
of such land and payment of the purchase
money, pay a further fee Or commission of
--per cent. ,upon amount of such sale; And
in case ) any , alternate sections of. land
shall be given by the owners to any person
through the agency ofthis Society, then the
donee shall pay a commission of per cent,
(half of the commission on sales as above
provided).. - , AH persons purchasing land
through thia Society shall pay the coBt of
searching titles,1 and an attorney shall be
employed by the Society who shall attend to
necessary legal business at lowest possible
rates.. 1 : - -
7th. Should any surpl us exist after pay
ing the current expenses Of the Society,
such surplus shall be invested for the pur
pose of assisting - such immigrants as are
not fully established in their homes and
may heed pecuniary aid. - ;
, 8th. The Society shall, when requested,
make such arrangements with railroads and
other transportation lines as may be to the
best interests of immigrants. , .. -
i 9th. The railroad companies centreing in
Wilmington and the steamboat companies
navigating the Cape Fear river, being more
largelyand directly, interested in immigra
tion than are individuals, should be applied
to for assistance in carrying out tbe objects
of the Society,until such time as it may be
come self-sustaining. v "
.'.J .. ' ;'! - AiiEx. Bfkunt, .'
L . .i, T W. L. DeRosset,
l' ' - f ' ' Thomas E. Bond.
Un motion, the report was then read by
sections, and the following action taken
thereon: . . ; .. ' -
, No. lwas, oa motion, amended by in
sertipg "endeavoring to secure proper titles?
; In place; of "securing proper titles," and; as
! thus amended ': the section was adopted.'
The discussion on this subject was partici
pated in by Messrs. Waddell, Nutt, Catlar
andothers. . ; ) -if :&.
Section 2 was adopted without discusV
sioa. ; : . . j ''. '' -' j" "
; Section1 3 was ' read, when Mr. Clark
moved that the blank be filled by inserting
$5.. Mr; Sprunt suggested $3 and Mr. Cut
lar $2.50.; A motion was put. and carried
that $2.50 be inserted as the' membership
fee, whereupon the section.was adopted. :
I Section 4 was adopted without amend-.
Wentf:'Ii;j ;.J-..i :-il"-it . !.
Section 5 was amended by making the
last clause read: "He shall receive such re
muneration as the Board of Directors may
agree upon,'' and then adopted. :
Section 6 was; adopted, after amendment
as follows: . Fee for receiving and adver
tising lands for Sale, $2.50; fee; for Belling,
2i per cent-f fca ; feejf rom donees of land,
IliMfMnt r.t i 1 f ' -' ' i
Section , 7,; after snbstituting, applied''
or "invested," was adopted. ; ;. . ;
Section 8 was passed' without 'discussion
or amendment.,' . .. ' !,"",
Bection 9,; after adding the "New York
& Wilmington 8teamship Company" to the
list af corporations interested' in : immigra
tion, was adopted; -
! Oa motion, the Chairman was requested
to appoint.' a committee of five to secure
memberships and proceed to organize, the
Society nnde? the Generai incorporation
Iaw of the iBUtoy -'.y '.r. v.14 ; , '"' .
! The Chair thereupon appointed Messrs.
Alexl Spront, T, E. Bond, F.W.Clark, Du
BralzCatiar afid W. L. DeRosset as said
committee.1' "a k f":t
i Mr.r.Chaibonnel jhea, in response to a
can, proceeded to give, aa interesting ac
I coast of the people who- propose to look for
J homes1 In , this section, and of his visit to the
western part of this Sute, expressing him
self very positively in preferring this sec
tion to any he hMseen. - - 1
j li Tha tail of Hhe comet -la visible
all night long. Ilfllr Cbnkling desires to
emulate this feat, he should sit up and see
bow it is done. Atlanta Constitution. :
President Garfield Shot
r T .
Two Balls Enter his Person.
..." ; i5... i' v .' f k'r .
BALLS NOT , YET EXTRACTED.
i - f 11 1
t iBy Telegraph to the Homing Star. 1.
' 'Washihoton, July 2 PresldenVOatueld
was shot this morning at the B<Unprq &
Potomac depot, while on his way to New
England. He received one ball in the' arm,
and; one between : the hips , apd. kidneys.
Five physicians are io attendance, and have
probed for the -'balls'' without success. ' He
is dangerously wounded, but may recover.
Dr. Bliss, of attending physicians, slates
his" belief that the wound is not mortal. 1 '
3 W ASHTtrGTON, July 2. Theehootieg was
none by a slender man about five feel seveu '
inches in : height.; He Refused lb give his
name, but it is said by persons who profess
to know him, that his name is Guiteau, and
that he ;is 'ex-Consul to Marseilles.' The
man was arrested immediately and carried
40 police headquarters, x and.: subsequently
renapyed tp jail.a.4?r i-ih m-Hit" ' "
. The shooting occurred in the ladies'.room -of
the depdt immediately -after 'the Presi- -x
-dentj had entered walking arm-in-arm. with '
Secretary Blaf ne, "on Jheir, .way to the. limit- .
ed express train," which was about ready to "
leave. ,,' -:.:.-'jri.r?-Yti Wj V -"
'Secretary' Blainer,on. hearing thp 'pistol
shots, two in 'number, ' rushed -in 4be direc
tion from which they oame with ar view, of
arresting the assassin." Before reaching the
man he noticed the President rait,; and re
turned to him - and lifted him p. j Both
shots tbok effect, the "first it the right arm -and
the second just above tbe right hip and
near tbe kidneys. ; The attending physi
cians probed for the balls unsuccessfully. '
: Two companies of regulars were ordered
from! the' barracks and have been posted
arouhd the Executive Mansion.' "
-,; Great excitement prevails, and the streets
are thronged with anxious inquirers, eager
to learn the condition of 'the President. ;
- The shooting occurred in the presence of
fifty or sixty ladies. L ', ;
' The President has been made as com
fortable as possible, and all persons are ex
cluded from the grounds. The President
is conscious and does not complain of great .
suffering, - It is impossible to say as yet
what the 1 result will be, but the surgeons
are of the opinion that the wounds are not
necessarily fatal. ' - t x- 1 - r -r:; 1 . 6 y.
The following dispatch was sent to Mrs. '
Garfield, Elbernon, Long Branch, N. J, :
"The President wishes me to sav to vou.
from; him, that he has been seriously hurt.
How fieri mi sit? he cannot vet' rbv." Ho in
himself, and hopes you will come, to him
soon. He sends love to you.
i "A. F. ROCKWELt."
11.30 A. M. The President's condition
has improved, and his pulse, which was as :
low as 53, has raised to C3. As soon as it
reaches 70 the physicians will probe for the
ball Snd will then.be able to tell the nature
of the wounds. : -" -" '- - - -':
The man who did the shooting is Charles
Guiteau, attorney-at-law, Chicago. He is
M S . . J .
loreign uy oino, ana nas Deen a very per
sistent applicant for a consulate, which was
refused by the President. He has haunted
the Executive Mansion 'fof two or three
weeks. - His not getting, what he wanted,
it is believed, resulted in a temporary aber
ration of mind. - i: - : - '. -.
The District Jail, a large brown-stone
structure, situated at the eastern extremity
of the city, was visited by an ' Associated
Press reporter, shortly after 11 o'clock, for
the purpose -f obtaining an interview with
Charles Guiteau, the assassin of President
Garfield. . The officers refused admittance
to the : building,' -staling as a reason that
they; were acting auder instructions from
Attorney General MaeVeagh, which were,
that no one be allowed to see the prisoner.
Information had reached them that amove- -ment
to mob tbe jail was contemplated,
and a large guard of regular troops and the
Metropolitan police were momentarily ex
pected, to repel any attack which might be
'made.':-' ': - - - .- - ;'-' ' ? 4
Charles Guiteau is about 30 years of age
and is supposed to be of French descent.
He is about 5 feet 5 inches in height, sandy
complexion, and is slight, weighing not
more than 125 pounds. He wears a mous- ;
tache and light cbinwhiskers, and his sun
ken cheeks and eyes far apart give him a.
sullen, or, as an official described it, a
"looney", appearance. " The officer in ques- -lion
gave it as his opinion that Guiteau is a
Chicago Communist, and staled that he has'
noticed it to be a peculiarity ot nearly all .
murderers that their eyes are set far apart.,
1 Guiteau, he said; proves no exception to the '
rule. It is stated, that two or three weeks,
ago Guiteau went to the jail for th pur
pose of visiting it, but was refused admis
sion on the ground that it was not "visitors'
day." He at that time mentioned his name
as Uuilean, and said that he came from
Chicago. When brought to j ail to-day ho
was admitted by the officer who had previ
ously refused to admit him. A mutual re
congnition took place.Guiteau saying, "You
are the man who wouldn't let me go through
the jail some time ago.": The only other
remark he made before beingplaced in jail, t
was that Gen. Sherman would arrive at the '
jail soon. - This officer was iu charge of the :
old city jail at the time of the assassination
of President Lincoln. ' : i
The following letter was taken from bis-;
pocket at police headquarters:
, ' j " r - "July 2,1881. ! i-
"To the White House.; . ; Hi !
r "The President's tragic death was a sad
necessity, but U will unite the Republican "
party, and save the Republicans. Life is a;
flimsy dream and it matters little when one
goes.' A human life is of small value. Da-'!
ring the war thousands of brave boys went
down without a tear.. I presume the Presi
dent was a Christian-,' and that1 be will be2
T 1 ! . 1 1 T. ! 1 1
uappiet iu x Biauug iuou u91u-.11 win ug
no worse for Mrs. Garfield, dear soul, to
part with her husband - this way, than by
natural deaths He is liable to go at any, ,
time anyway. I bad no ill-will toward the
President; his death was a political neces-
sity. I am a lawyer, a theologian and a 5
politician. lama Stalwart of the Stalwarts.
I was with Gen. Grant and the rest of our 1
men in New York during tbe canvass. I
have some papers' for the press, which I '
shall leave with Byron Andrews and hisco-
journalists, at 1420 New , York Avenue, , -where
all the reporters can see them I
am going to the jail. Chas. Guttkau.'?-'
' Tbe papers referred to have not yet been :
given out for publication. Byron Andrews .
who ' is the Washington correspondent of ' -the
ChicagoJInfer-Ocaw, says' that while a
nnrlrit(TA ia in the huniifl of the TKllife. ap-
- mmm f .
companied by a note addressed to - himBelf (
(Andrews), he has no personal acqaint-j
ance with Guiteau, and never heard qf hia'
existence until this. morning. From what iJ
he has gathered from the police, Andrews
believes that Guiteau'shome is jnFreeport, :
ills, t - - vl'v-' 1 '
"ExEXirrrvE Mansmh, 2.45 P.s M.' No
official bulletin has been , furnished by Dr.
Bliss since 1 o'clock: The condition of the ';
PreRident has been erowin? moreunfavor- .
able since that time. Internal hemorrhage
is taking place and the gravest fears 'are
i felt as to the result. .