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i KKPOItn PLN FHOPOSRD.
We refer agaiu to reform in the
civil service lo noto what Senator
Dawes, of Massachusetts, says about
the 'appointing power. Ilehas writ
ten a second letter to the Springfield
Republican in which he discusses the
reat burden placed jon the President
in tho exercise ofj7 the appointing
p iwer. Nearly or quite one hundred
thousand persons have to be selected
by the Prewideut. . He mast rely on
niheis for information concerning ap
plicants lor office. .Mr. Dawes says
there is' no relief for the President
unless the Constitution is changed.
I lis idt-a is that the appointing power
i the President should be limited to
n-leting his . own Cabinet officers,
lie should hojd eachjof these respon
sible for thei ffic:ency and' character
of hi Department A high standard
Kiloffioial qualification should he Ide
iii tnle4 and I the Secretaries should
, ;. n quired to keep their appoint
ments up to that standard. ' 5
But the Store tiries are not to have
full appointing power; They are to
Jif limited to selecting only the heads
i.l iht-ir departmental and thus by a
.gradation of (authority to reach tho
loweM rung in the ladder of appoint-
i.V the scheme. We
think much of any sogf;
.tin u)t ai)t to
ui'SMon that originates with Dawea.
i i i . ,
l:ii-re i-? doubtless merit in his sug
h'. ion. It is defective in its want of
iiiiriiiihiieds,l completeness. It does
so! aim at eradicating, but ameliora
lnig. It ij an improvement upon the.
ti(THi iit methods. Nothing could well
-i i - h
i wirne than: placing the appointing
it''r of a people of
lions in the hands of
tier this poor system
over'fif ly mil-'
one man. .. Un
competency and corruption are inevi
' table. It; is apparent that: some
change will havei to jbe made sooner
or later. The evil has grown so great
it will burst of its own corruption
Qiially, unless something is done.
But we ire irot sore that Dawess
plan is the best or that it will answer."
W hen in t lie Departments in Wash
ington and right under the noses of
the1 Secretaries th ere! is wide-spread
iintnorality and rascality, how shall it
he in tho appointees when they are
farther removed? ; We are willing to
consider the jmatterj of reform pa
tiently and intelligently. A remedy
for present evils is demanded, :The
following view is taken by the Phil
adelphia .FVess, Republican organ:
"It would lessen the danger of bad ap
pointments. It would make recommenda
tiona of less sonBequeoce and C'ODgression
nl interferes ce t far lees potent tban now.
As it makes each : head of a department-or
bureau or division in descending order te
spunsiblc fur the efficiency of his special
control, it would tend more and . more to
make merit and fitneasj tbs main testa in
appointments and promote permanency of
tenure wherever there is faithful and effl-
ciwnt diecbargo of duty . 'The whole prob
lem or civil . service retorm wpuldv wo
doubt nut, be greatly aimpiifled and: its
Kolutioo made comparatively easy by the
adoption of the plan which Senator Dawes
liiia evolved out of his long experience in
public life and intimate (knowledge of our,
nvil fieivice apd i its greatest needs. . It,
bo vi ver, is open to the fatal objection; that
i" te. 8 on the frail support of general con-,
aeui and not on the coercive power of law'
Major John W. Daniel, , the nomi
m e for Governor in jVirginiawas
Mrn in Lynchburg September 5," 1842.
So he is uot yet 39 years old. . He is
well educated and isj a inau of brI
hant talentn. He won his title in the
war. It is neocssaryj to menlioji' tttts
as but few with titles now ever goi
nearer to a battlefield than a corn
field or a tobacco factory.
The slogan of the Vitginia Derail
crats is pay the public debt, a plenty
of free schools for - white and black,
a free ballot and a fair coqbU .Good
enough. Stick to that.
Subscfiptidn Price. (
Col. Theodore A:, Dodge,' tJ. si
Army; has publixhed a historical con
Campaign of ChanoellorsvilleJl We
havi 4I01 seen it. v We hav glanced
Over favorable notices of it from
Sontht f h atid ' Korthern sources.' It
f. 1 :. i -I ' ' ' ". .J
u J r V ' : T ' a" J
4n,t.a .uoi- '.i. 7 I
ith an evn.hanHiiifctr-r
... 7--r-"rtWfilvA thnnaan.1 mn in thnf; Aitxr.
AiarVkWe' amons rlhNirrirsl
t is too much the pa's'e tfiViiier? .who
attempt htsloncai compdsitutQ are
dominated by psMoaal yojadiees, un-
WW- wnUejisjKay- 1 filf$V
is jmiIfladTttBieeaiiae.it-if' false in "C6-41J s
Ipffng and m"detail,r.Vfi cbpyxirom
fur exchange a few sentences whicb.
how fJeL 'Dodge, appreoiates the
Valor of the boys in gray. It will be
rteadt with pleasure . by . every, brave
and humane Confederate who fought
ujnjler the banner of. the lost cause.
f Dodge speaks of Stonewall
Jackson's Corps "as the best infantry
in ; exist ence ; I as tough, hardy rand
f uH; of clan as they are ill-fed, ill-
clothed and ill-looking." Again he
says : : . . r
"N:yer had'intantty better earned the
right io rank WiiUtLe beat which ever bore
aims tban Ihja gallant twenty thousand
.oraan in every four of
whom lay. bleed-
lllg tin lUe IlfM.
; Of the immortal;
eader of this
Corps he says-he was. equalled as a
fighter but by one or t wo.' Here is
hi s-general estimate. : Jr. . . . -j ,1 ,
- -: . . 7 ,
"WbaUver h was called upon to. do,
under limited but independent scope, seems
toj testily to the' tact that he was far from
buviug teacbed his limit.' i Whatever he did
ws thiirougbly done, and he never appears
to.' t.v been taxed to the extent of his pow
ers in any operation wbich he undertook,
litmesty, ainglenesa of purpose, true cou
rnge.Tr.are ability, suffice to account for
Jajckson's military ascceBsJ But those alone
wlu have served under his eye know to
what depths tbat rarer, stranger power of
hi "baa sounded them; they only can testify
to jtbe full measure of the strength of Stone
wll JacktOO.V.j.:.'.-. .":"".'.V ' V.;.,,k;'n'f.
i- This is admirable -and - it is1ust
ere were as good 'soldiers, in. the
i er Confederate corps as in Jack
sopV, as all , Southerners know;, but
Jackson's men were heroes, and were
a solendid body of fighters.. North
oa is interested in the fame of
that corps, as she always .furnished it
with, some of her best soldiers.
Dodge gives Gen. .Lea. great
jdeered creditor the' way be
caled himself from the. toils of -Hooky
erl and from the nettle danger pluck
edj the flower- safety... We reeord
wth exceeding pleasure these opin
ions of a Northern soldier. Do not
Englishmen glory today In the
epjendtd lighting of their- ancestors
wo followed ' the fortunes of YQtk
0r Lancaster, of Charles- -or - Crom-;'
jrejll ? : VVhy.hould not 'all Ameri
cans take pride in the magnificent
courage of e4dier8,'. whe.theV iithey
stood by Hancock on the heights of
Gettysburg or followed '. Jackson !to;
yldtbry ? Let ' truth and justice be
done.:iThat lis: the lesson.' .taugbtby
. a db jm orinern cauors- nave
gTfeat deal to sayfQieriilTaw-
lessness. They nkfft'lrvgf ;fet:' todd'
when a Revenue Officer jskilted and
lis it-: as- st:! cudgel- wk4i which ; to
ik rellate Viio whole iolrTe lawr
les mes, greaVas it is5, 4f 'certain sec
to as of ihegeay North Upmehpw'
doi :s not attract fh oir attention; Tlie
en no oomnjitUd Jn th is
ap td -bd1 m'ae ton8piouons afe the
he: JPffjiealpt dW!
ir i--Ahbther h;OhMge.
A crime more infernal far that is per
petrated in the NflrTh.jjlSBrordina
ry leading, jgnwai yesA Man
KiBedtir ,fA Wmjm1 :Mfiered,
Tin !se,fdoi-ewsjaVi jbook
out! for 'a ..find" for some : oe w dish ;
t !. mL 1.,. 1 .e L .m
01 iiorrorn vw-imj .-wr.v.ea p-.ju meir
the.Suti),rayef dKsg4 with
tne this..aiiTc0---E-rtiS' Vail pyw
p'ublicafe Stat Sbswff Doolmlei und
twe of his pOsse wefo kyka ,by f tw
co 1 tndrels while attyujytiwg torarrest
lama are pecnliar tnqiroeHon 4Je
u' rtrtH?;$r.Hua zcrviZ- .:4"4 v-f
dert UpundjA alUbe ecUtons. It is
eveh Iirrroue 0 irf ef Irf-sbme seo
tions )f. AhUepuWijajkorth. The
Noithedfif lrfof thrsB "ai
Nothera jefltirs Are pubitshiiigeach
forge; all thtt wheaihey seat them
seivBS tfo draw a bill of lodicfment
Utefai.TLi-?fs bt viki? ecepfid
y iOIenpev-i a WttOdf feds of l aucJ&
WILMINGTON; N. G., FRIDAY, MJGUST-12, 1881
against the South. Thero is a shame
ful amount of crime in the South, but
politics have very little, if anything,
to do with it. . , , . . . .
rThe Northern, editors rom, .time
to time indite nice littlemoral, easays
On the barbarism of the Southern
people as manifested in the, carrying
of concealed , weapons. But althe
V the same evil and it is a great
YVV1 .'.f'B.-"','HCK "M".!-;
I f -"ow Af, ay ; lW
who carry pistols always. TheCleye-hind-(Ohio)
XcacZer says in that city
ijhere are five thousand. PhUadel
hia is taking steps ' to suppress the
Persons arffto be arrdatdd4aaa 4
erne 'is'suspied'iQis to
be searched.. - . - w '--t ?r
1 Each. Tgreat section has' quite
enough of crimes and violations of
law to attend and to cirject with
out going off upon crusades against
its neighbors. . First pull the beam
out of your own eye before you un
dertake to manipulate, or magnify
the mote in the eyesyof others. : Cor
reot first the evils at home. Then
mount your Rozinante and go out on
your , wild career of Knight Errantry.
Prof.; Henry E. Shepherd's last
tork, "An Elementary Grammar of
theEnglish language," meets with
much favor among the principals and
professors of Baltimore The papers
of that city are warm in their reoom
mend ation. .The Baltimore Imerzcan
says : j;; im..',. v.. u v
' :"Prof. Shepherd's Elementary Grammar
is, In many respects, the best text-books
on this subject that has come to our notice.
Professor: Shepherd's ; fitness for the task
needs, of course, no comment. . His philo
logical contributions have given him. a na
tional reputation, and his practical ac
quaintance with the system of instruction
pursued in our public schools has been
such as to make him thoroughly aware tf
the defectB of our school books, as well as
their virtues. The chief merit of his gram
mar is its simplicity." ,
: As our readers know, Professor S.
is a native North Carolinian.- 1
1 j " THK HOAD TO WEAL1U. , . ;
iThe Stab desires to see a cotton
mill campaign in North Carolina.
For years it has insisted" that the
surest way to recuperation and wealth
was by working into fabrics and
yarns the cotton in the South. . Carry
the mills to the cotton has been our
constant cry. It is true that in North
Carolina it is not known what are the
profits in cotton-milling, as the Holts,
Swepsons and others keep their own
counsel, and do not let the world see
what they are doing; - but this is not
the case in South Carolina and Georgia.-
There the large mills (perhaps
all) publish annual statements that
give the fullest information, and you
ean see precisely what has been done.
The profits in those States have been
Very satisfactory. Some of. them
have realiaed largely. "We have no
do.ubt that most of the fifty or , more
cotton mills of- North Carolina have
prospered, v Some of the Owners, we
knjow, have grown rich. 7 f ? i
' A day or two ago, in a brief para
graph,' we referred to Major Ilam
mett'a speech in South Carolina. - We
desire now, to bring Out more speci
fically some of his statementsr He is
apraetioal operator and knows wherof
he affirms. J Maj. Hammett says it
costs the New England manufacturer
bub cent a pound more for' his ma
tenal than it costs the Seuthera man
ufacturer. This makes heavy cotton
goods more profitable in the South.
act- ior Buon n is win even-
tuate, he thinks, in giving the South
tho control 1 of .the manufacture of
heavy goods.'' We find in the Charles-
tonj News and Courier some of M3j.
liammett s views and figures con-
densed.. We avail ourselves of them:
7 -. i r ,' ' - '
-tiS "A .well-built, and organized ' Southern
mill of 10,000 to 20,000 spindlea. properly
maaaged, ought, to make a net profit of 15
to2p per cent, on the capital stock. This is
the gala to the stockholders, and the gain
tq the community is far greater.'A bale of
cbttjon costing, at 10 cents' a ponnd, $45 is
made into sheetings worth in New York
$8S. 16. The manufacture of the cotton'
nearly doubles its value. To the producer
jgoes ' the $45 for, the raw cotton ; th e
amount - paid out for ; labor and services
is ' $14; the . profit of the manufacturer4
Is ; 17. Oa eacbr Srsleot-rotton the
Conamsnity iteceives in ' wages -atid in'
profits $31, m addition to wteat iB paid for
the raw cotton. EvenHI ke"whole of the
profits on the investment wCnttrNoftnetn
capitalists (which is not tha case, as the ma
jority of tbe stock of the mills in this State
is owned here,) the community will receive
.$59 for each bale of cotton manufactured
BlseWhero. :-, Without regard to the profits
of tbe ownerB of the mills more than twenty
five iter dent, is added to the value of the cat
I ton Crop by manufacturing it in, the South;
aad.tbis 2a per cent.' fox the most part goes,
to Women and children iWho,, in , the ah-1
ence7of factories can '.find no employ
ment suited to their slrenith aad hftbita,"
In 1810 there werb but 87 mills in the
ally 3,606,000 pounds otftbU.Q.pVv9rt
$72p,O0f. In 1880 rtthbfe : Were jftbn
sumed 1,586,481 bales of cotton. The
jSbuth grows,; the .North 8pins: and
weaves and pockets the profits. Here
i. t s !!-.'-ti-' b-f"'i !-';; - i 'M
is j a lesson. The way to wealth is
panufactunng,r Thf .orth under
stands this. .Walk around , Wilming
ton and you. will find a thousand wit
nesses of this fact. The South does
fiot understand this. Hence, there are J
put: few manufacture8V Was; thre
pyer greater 'blt3neaifef: But wU not
tie South profit by th example? We8 !
pope so, wo thinic ao. .u t j s
There is no donpt;ibatthe necessa
ry labor can be obtained for , mana-
acturing on a large s6ale! Thb South
can furnish its own labor. MajiHam-
mett says: , , v.y s :.;iyiiw
1 JtfSati ve 2f ottkern paepteare rarely jEonnd
a their eottott nulla tbey are xor tnemost
part : Canadians, , French and Irish, with
a few. Englisb and Germans amongst
them, with whom our, material for opera
tives compare most favorably."": I !' '
1 "Living being - very cheap necessarily
makes labor cheap, anil whilst our opera
lives live plentifully and comfortably, the
agespaid them are less than is absolutely
necessary for tbe subsistence of those in
bolder climates, where rents of such houses
as will protect them against the Cold in
winter are necessarily' high, and fuel and
clothtngexpensive." ' t ?
j There is no need of. dwelling upon
the cotton supply and water - supply,
't'hey are in the utmost abundance.
Is there capital enough for ' mills ?
:Ve cannot doubt that there is sur
plus idle capital enough in the South
at this hour to erect a hundred mills
of 20,000 spindles, t In old times the
surplus went into farms and negroes.
Where does it go now ? We ven-.
lure the opinion that in Cabarrus and
(iranville there is enough capital-unemployed
to start two or three mills
bach of 20,000 spindles. The Sdtlh
is provided partially with cheap and
'speedy transportation. la ,; a few
years there will be no complaint at
this j point. Southern goods "should
be distributed in every direction in
tie North, West,' in the Canadas, in
Europe,' Mexico, "South" America,
everywhere. - t: Major . Hammett Rays
the 4 demand is quite equal lb thb
supply We quote : 1 ; , "
' 1 ; -A .; ' - . -7 i 7
. i"I doubt if there is a first-class mill' at
the South to-day that has any accumula
tion bf goods, or tbat could nut , have sold
.twice. their product for the last Six months.'
That is not always the case. Manufacturers
like other business have their dull seasons
and those that are more active,' but there
has been no time recently to my knowledge
when goods have had to be forced on tbe
market at concessions to realize, except it
may have been by some corporation that
was compelled from the want of capital or
crt dit to Bell their goods. -Besides the de
mand for distribution in the United States,,
demand for Southern made goods for ex
port is constantly increasing, principally
(or China, Africa, the East r Indies and
South America, and is to-day sufficient to
reduce any large quantity that mayaccumu-
;laje." M 7, , 7 -4 '-4-
Ilia Bays 4.0 make-mills- successful
theyr must be well managed.! He
says ignorance and general want of
ability will fritter away easily all of
thjo profitsJ. He makes, one point of,
special interest; it is the benefit'! that
acjerues lo a whole community from
tho operations of a large cotton mill.
The' cost of manufacturing is ; dis
tributed in the immediate vicinity.
Here are his figures as to one bale of
cotton: - fV;-"
"A bale of cotton of 450 pounds made
into sheetiogs. Is worth, in .New
York, at Dresent bricea .......8G 16
Dadnct coat of 1 manufactu- s t f -
ring, 1 transportation... and i , ;
eOmmfssions. $23 62
Cost of Cotton at 10c. per lb. 45 00
tt'-" V- ' ' 68 62
Net profit to the manufacturer . . . i . 7 54
Td this add amount paid for labor ;-
and services returned . . . ....... 14' 37
- '- v :r : . .-. " - .::-; ui i"- i-'
Amount returned to the community . ,
j m profits and lor labor. . . : . . $31 i
1 fiesides tha larpe iocroafla in the value of
real estate extends for. manv miles around
the mill, some of it is increased from five 1
to ten-fold. 'f 7 7; -. 7 .K.-. l-
t One other -point we must, refer to
ihat large ..mills , are not necessary
to -success, v- He thinks a mill of 10,r
OOp spindles can be worked as profita
bly as one of 20,000 spindle. .He
thinks the South has'capitat enough
to mieet thb demand as' it arises; With
out seeking it front any-quartbr but-
Bide. Although obf article, is fong
wej must quote again from the speak
er, j jHb says: ; f y'"""; . .
"My intention is not to advise against a
rapid development of, this, industry, but to
.advise a due and prudent caution, which is
indispensable to success in every pew busi
ness, i My information is that English cap
italists from Manchester are now looking
into) this country with a view of securing
some of the best powers and locations for
the purpose of manufacturirig.;cotton here,'
and! that they have alredy, secured some
vert important'' oaes. Manufacturers and
capitalists at the lorth I know fre looking
in this direction with the same object, and
it weald eeunfdrtunate If most of the best
poWersflhould pass from the control of ouJ
own people before' they knew it. " ' f
v -The .South, should tely upon itself.1
Let it learn to make its own supplies,
manufacture as frist as 'possible its'
own raw prbdactoiisarid then it will
march surely in the road to inde
pendence, wealth, and contentments
: The fire insurance business is not
y eryflourUhing. IrJuly-the losses
loop ud' $3,400,000 bni$8i50d,t)00 ptd7
petty insured. ' -
icMiicMOTl wpoij jurimwt&i been avoided svNow that) tbeilAnd
i ? " - IT7 11- VWfclltlV ;:... , It-.; :..7. 77 ; : - ----- - v- ' .
l ?Thb"fevisibnrjf the fNbW Testa-
- - . .1
mlC'ts'j'siilt fibeinaiscfsabd very;
thoroughly; !ib' this country Ud in'
jEnglandl great1 fdeaVof learning
and 'ability is , ym'iv Jkfinf
the subl ect0 ' Wle ay "iaUo ihbw twd
facts that Jhave come under Ottr no-
lice 1 ?n Errand1 he
when the fivb greatest Biblical schol
ifs in the United Kingdom . were
imong Jthe ?"revisesj',,hb chief ,pb
; cctitm Ao . the 1 revision comes from
hree lasestheIiterary5 iSfebi' the
more' about ' politics I than f ibey know
about the codices, ancieojt Tersiens;
ihoexius IBeceptus and the. critical
Apparatus that enter into a thorough
understaVding 4 of the' " merits ' of a
translation. or version. - -
In he United States 'the ,new ver
sion has been received with much
m&mfc mm e
Greek scholars. Why ; should it not
be when the three ablest New Testa
ment Greek scholars and critics in
the United States were among the
revisers? jSnch scholars as Prof.
FiBher and Dr, John A. Broadus
equal, if not superior, to any South
ern scholar in New Testament Greek
f-pare muc a ple'ased with it, though
;not of the revisers. ' Both have writ
It m admirably upon its merits. We
h are read many articles from Dr.
I ro'adus on the subject and they are
s ngularly calm,iucid and exhaustive.
We copy one 'or two passages from
oie bf his West; articles. 1 Referring
t ' the large body of Very able
si iholars who were engaged ' for more
tl tan ten years upon the revision, Dr.
Broadus says: " !. ' ;'"-
i -.. '-7. 7" :-.:''- '- 7 ''-
j "The fact is, the general reader must
rely upoa the scholars who have made the
revision, and the scholars who examine and
pass judgment upon it, as to everything
that is ; not a mere question of taste . Is
this a hardship? i We do tbe same in every
other braach of knowledge, and in every
department of practical . life.; We have to
rely upon students of physical science,
hinon ' antidbariaoB and historians, uoon
"physicians - and i lawyers, : druggists and
nurses, engineers and telegraphers upon a
great variety of persons who devote them
selves to certain departments of knowledge,:
and, while neither omniscient nor infalli
ble, are much better informed as to -their
-specialties than we can be; and if we trust
ourselves rather, tban them, we pay the
penalty, often a severe one." - . -;-!-;
I We f-do not pretend; to know
whether the revision is perfect or not.
We euppose it is imperfect aqd can
be improved, j We take it as the
greatest Biblical -scholars in all the
world were engaged upon it for more
than ten years, that it is a marked
icjiprovement upon the old. We are
certain it can be much "better under-
standed of the people." After read
in it for more than two months we
can pay it can be read bnd understood
W thout a commentary or other helps.
p : the pld ,this oanpot be said. . We,
a cept it as the matured work of the
W' rld's learning. " The best critics in
N iW Testament Greek like it, indorse
ijtj adopt it.7K.iiia-n si n-.-i ...iii u
,j JDrl Brbadus 'makes another point
wo must quoted relative to taste and
ith.-Hesays - j;
j'The other point is, that iasie ia expres
sion, as in everything else, depends largely
'UDDn association, and readers will often
find their taste itself Changing as they be-1
come lamui&r wuu iuu um.uapimaiu&
expressions. t Anyhow truth Jint -and taste
afrWard. ' And meantime a new genera
tion will be springing, up, who have not our
associations, and to whom these expressions
Will quickly! become dear, if we do1 net
make it ;ptherwiso by; ill-judged t faujt-
i.- The plain jman, not a Greek scholar,
bugh to desir, abbye all things, the
mind of thelHoiy Spirit. !fWhat did
God say ? The new revision places
.,l-.-iV;- i-M 7-, .-t-.i..
the uncntioal7and unlearned reader
upon jthej same plane with .the Greek
scholar. ' Witk' the revision in band
he-has to matured ! learning of the
woirid, .on me suoiect. juutions . 01
copies are now in the homes of the
l 'l.v-m j-;
11 j ikU
THK JLAND JffIE.1. IN, 'ffLlfS. HOUSE
v jVhen the. Vote bn ihy Land bill
caihe to a final tesJn tM House of
Clopmons oniy seven 'TIbme'" Rulers
refbsedtb vbie for it, and only four
teen Conservative ' (Tories.) This
was Vmoat remarkable triumDh for
' 1 7 7i . . i . II
Mn Gladstone. Nothing more com-r,
! 1 -In! -' ii ili- Ji..!w.. ,i!
pie,te , ftnqer :-. tPf i circumsiaftces ever
oeoWred 5 ?ntrrfer ,Britistr 'House Of
Cotomons.; It. w all piettyi -much A
one greaVmanV wfirk.'' The bill will
J pronaoiy -ipass. tneapuse..
although amended. ; Las year .the.
Peers , kicked out the . Eviction bill
anc brought. great trouble upon Ire-.
land mEpiiM W1.
bad become a law, after it had passed
and turbulence in Ireland would have
1 . 1 . 1 1 . , . L.
out j nas passea i iuft vonrairaiB wiiu
eaoh, u tTemendons! i brianimity ihev
P-eerllwiU hardly dare td cas it forth
with contempt as' they drdAbe Evie-l
tioa bilLoCl 88Qf7 $ il ij&i t.is:$( f;I
I The.Irkb -people understand r thai
id the, Tory party they have no frif nd j
iew aqd.nwrer tiad. AV.e couuk xnaka
hat plainperfecUy if we deamsetl ;it
lecessary. The reforms. ioVlreland
iaTeifiithei:4beenT nsf ire4 bytpi: have
cipatleias feared ste ksgo
Itrouid, beVthe : vw&t&it- tob iory.'
Lords will kUlhe LandR?lh in-'
dksatibns nbV-! are ; that they ; will
amend It in some particulars aud then
pass JitJ iThe following paragraph
throws light upon the situation.1 We
copy from Hh(n Philadelphia '4Anier.i
cWp-' - "n I.': -.
S "The -Tories' evidently do' not care' -to
force Mr. Gladstone's hand. , Even if a dis
solution should result in their getting a ma
jority in the House, as we fear: it would;'
they foresee that they would have a stormy
t me in goverhing Ireland after defeating
the Liberals on inciran issue. ;' Besides,' the
influence, pf the Irish. Tories counts for
something, and these are exceedingly anx
ious for? such legislation as Will : allay the
popular vexcitement. . llere it is that Mr.
Paroell's icfluencc tells. It is the Land
League, father than the Ministry, that will
force this bill through the very House tbat
threw out the Eviction bilL" . - 7
j Mr. John R. Morris, of Goldsboro,
North. Carolina, has a sharp letter in
the Charleston News and Courier.
j j t i . - if- - -
critioising & letter i that appeared in
&Q.Associatefl Reform Presbyterian,
from the pen of I "a distinguished
divine of Abbeville county." . . The
Charleston paper characterizes the
reply as earnest and eloquent."' The
divine had said some hard things of
.'commercial drummers," and Mr.a
Jorris, himself a very worthy repre
sentative, Comes to , their defence,
ijrom he' extracts given from, the
'distinguished divine" we think he
deserved the excoriation he received.
:B:e accused the drummers as being
t bul-mouthed, profane," . and j as
having "no deadly dread of a lie,''
apd as Ieing "shamelessly indecent
people." :! This is rough on the drum
mers, and Mr. Morris gives him a
fair., Roland1; forj his ; Oliver. We
give fa' sentence v or :two from Mr.
Morris; "i'tei ..'1-3lii'- ,I-k;-:;:;7 hrit
Tf , i. - ,7- f i . - . . u.
f: "You think drumming a poor way to get
toj Heaven. I think misrepresentation a
worse way. Ton are in tbe worse way. A
hard-working; honest drummer (and there
are thousands) may succeed in getting a
firm grip on the Eternal throne, but a
preacher, . who misrepresents his fellow
mien, will find himself grappling; thin. air.
) Contrary to your statement, there
are more decent than indecent ones among
.them. Many - of ' them are Christians.
Nine-tenths of them who travel South
Carolina : were trained at the knees j of.
Southern mothers., ; Onehalf of them
fought' for the liberty of the Southland.
Nineteen-twentieths of them are gentle
men. , If tbey were otherwise than gentle
men they coultl not succeed in their efforts
toihold the trade of the gentlemanly; mer
chants of Carolina.".,, , , r 7 1
Rev. Dr Carry, agent of the Pea
dy Fund, urged the Georgia '- Le-
ature to raise the Educational
fund to one million dollars.-' Georgia
is j aiarge rich,' prosperous Southern
Stte and that sum i is little enough
surely ! to. prepare ' the hundreds of
thousands of children for future re
spohsibility and xtsefulneBS as citizens
of a free Commonwealth. ' We hope
ih 3 'Georgians will heed the persua
sic ns f Dr. Curry. 4 North Carolina
be ;ds a million dollars for the same
usi is. I iWhen 7the c aezil Legislature
m ets we hope Dr. C, who is an able,
eloquent, well finished Southron, will
make a similar plea before that, body
in behalf of - the children of North
We should regret very much if the
imprudent and - universal course , of
certain i Becret' associations should
I prejudice the illris; i -canselibft the
opinion of all nationalities. Ireland
has nothin? to-f?aiabv folio wmir the
bad devices and desperate sohemes
of 'Prussian Nihillstsi - The destruo-'
tion of innocent5 lives'4 with1 infernal
engihery is rio tbe way to liberty or
to gain; the sympathies of tho peoples
of the jbrld.'! Revolution and assas'
sinatiob are 'net 'one and the same
thing;- . M -s:
WhaV a. change in. Charlotte I JFrom
4 prohihl majority.of nearly 200
ujt May to an anti-prohibition majori
ty Of fOP ioj Anguetl. - There is,a lesrr,
eon iftithis change that is: worth rer
membering. .'faisl lv. . .- - : -i-
The xrbpiin caual.
Maj lu YoUhgv-Saperintesdent of;
the iDupUaCattal impxoveraeaV was ii this
l city: yesterday, and report? that opertions
upon the canal will be resumed on Monday,
when the work will" be pushed' forward td
campleticA.: r Majort Xounk was hesa ia
search of some of his old hflnde, and, to
attanil 'tis tAhf t hnainAca nrtttnAntart with
the enterprise. '
And now they call counlvsuner-.
Intenden's of "common illthools ., ' Hon."
How verxxommonJAnd-OranvilWi county
starts it ---flo-sorry f H3 fnnnyt'-uf ibis
i the; hoad ,qaaci8 of , ?'IIon,V, TCuffee
MayO. ' ''rr " J-;
i :" Charlotte Qbservier; . Maj. B.
.Yates, Chie f Engineer bf the Virginia -and
North CaroHnia Midland Railway,, has re
signed lo accept a positionswith the .North ' ,
Carolina Construction Company t under Mr,
;;j7B59t;-;- ;;;;H77; . '
1 1 Raleigh , .
Creech,, widow of Stephen Creech. Esq., f .
Elevfttion;towD8hipE Jobnsion county, was
thrown Irom a buggy Weduesday mornine. -apd
died from the injuries received s at 3
oxIockThuriday :.niorning?,-;ii';. r t "
; Greensboro JSafffe Ground: It
ia expected ihat :lbe iron on the Cape Fear
& Yadkin Valley , Railroad will be laid as
far as GreenBboro by November.; .
Borne of the tobacco put up at,the revenue
pale a few days ago did not brln enoueh
q pay tne tax cue on it, and the law sys
n such cases it shall be burned. The au
hQrllies havs written to Washington 1 n tew u
araxoiu. . , ;: , s . j si,-
J Fayeltevillo . Examiners sThe ,
Cape Fear River is said to be lower at this
time than it chas been at any i time since
1865 5t- Mr. Isham Royal has been ap-.
pointed Superintendent of Public 8cbool
miaamson county; ? -Mr. Frank dark, t
4 youngmsn in Iho employ of theMcMil- f
Ian Bros.; was severely burned on Tuesday 7
evenings . He was engaged in melting rosin ! 1
When the accident occurred, -We learn
the drought in some" parts 'of Davie county
has been severe.' The corn and cotton crop
will be almost a failure. .The tobacco crop
has also been badly in jared. ' ; ' ' " ?
j ttToisnot Some : -The revival at' r
the Methodist church,, ia this place, Which : 5
has been in progress for about two weeks,
continues" tot grow in Interest ' There have "
been several, converts during the week and
a large cumLcr of penitents are at the al
tar. Thecounty of .Wilson does not 1 4
owe ! one dollar, and there, is now abou ;
13,500 in the hands of the county iieasurer. '
We notice n tho .proceedings of the Couow "
ty Commissioners for New Hanover, that ' s
te poll tax for State an'd county purposes '
il $3.12. The poll tax for State and coQnty -purposes
in Wilson ia only $1.80. ?Tbe tax t
on Teal estate in' New Hanover is f 1.C4 on '
the hundred dollars Worth, while in Wilson i
county it is only 60 cents. 7
' I -rt Pittsbbrb Record: On Thursday . ,
list, two negro lads in New Hope town- ' '
ship, named Joseph Smith and Sim Smitfe, . '
hjad a fight, and 'Joseph severely wtmnded
.Slim by stabbing htm in three places. ' 3o- ";
eeph was arrested, and after a preliminaryi .,
trial before Lem. Ellis, J. P., be was com- ,
mitted .to jail to await bis trial at tbe next ' '
term bf pur Superior Court. . The swr 1
vey of the Midland North Carolina rail
rpad ia t nearly finished. Col. Card tier's
party have surveyed one- hundred miles pf , ;
tbe route from. Qoldsboro to Marley's '
Mills,? twenty-three miles west of this place; ' ! fe
abd Captain ; Cain's party, are surveying .,
fomj Salisbury in 'thiB direction, and will v
probably complete their task this week. ' '
Cel.-Gardner, with his corps of surveyors,
after leaving here last week followed the
course of . the old... stage road in the direc- -
lion of Ashehoro,: but he soon ascertained
that this route would be too costly, so after
arriving at Marley's mills (just in the edge
of Randolph county), he started upon his
return to this place, running a new line on
the 'northern side of Hickory Mountain,
aid arrived here last, night. . : . fj. . j
tices of the Peace met in the Court House
last Monday for the re-organization bf the
Inferior Court. Mr, J. W.. Hays was re
elected Presiding Justice, and Messrs. Wil-
kins; St oval I and E. E. Lyon, Associate Jub .- i
tices. i Mr. A. S. Peace was reflected So- - l
liftitor, and Capt. Wm. Biggs was re-elected ' '
Clerk,? -Fielding; Knotty of Granviile, ; i
received $1,519.62 for one two horse load
of tobacco,' 'and not --$1,400 as published ' '
How is that f or high?-Wilmlngton Stab.; 51
And in addition to what his tobacco brought
iri money, he received a top buggy, a barrel VI f;
of flour,- a 1 xie plow and a pair .of shoes : . -as
premium j, amounting in ' value to more
-than $80. -And-how 4s (hat fer liigher ?
j--The whEelabarrewa, shovels etc., for
the Granville "Railroad "'have""' arrived in '
town.; We have Kotrjbecn able- a yet ''t&"
amjrGiaiaj:vjrjjci wuui. vuauia 4 uau, , w lit uc s
gin, but Col. Wt' F. Beasley fippeafs'to be"
inj earnest, and Irasariy every bodyTregards -its
. final - completion .as- almost . certain. - ,
r IThis road 1s to run from Oxford to Clarks- 7
ville, Virginia, thence to Keysville, on the
:Ricbmond & Danville Railroad. If com t ,
pitted, there will be a road from Richmond ' " '
right through Granville .to Henderson, in
Vance county. The R. &D. will . own it
all r'This will not be the end. ' Some sav' !
it Will yet gobble up the Raleigh & Gastonu t
and the Lugusta
Air Line. otab. J, ,
on Tress : Dr. -Bryan
taught at his' fishery, opposite to wb, ' one
day Jaet wetx, a large .shark, which we are t
informed waa eight feet long- f- Gentle
arid steady rains blessed this section last r r
week,, and the crops promise a must bono-i,
tifhl harvest. This community has, thus , ;
faf, been specially blessed with good health'.' 11 '
f-Pne. of the officers of the Jlethodist i
church informs us tbat some miscreant,'
devoid of any fear of the law or of Heaved;' 1 '
forcibly entered the church building a few - -days
since and did injury to the organ aqd . , s.
cldck.i . -The negro Daniel 0Dickspn,!U,u
whoi had, an, altercation with one of bur
citizens some months ago, and who waa,-
jailed and subsequently eBcapedj has been ....
raiding much disturbance in Wilmington,
Nort.h Carolina. On Friday last there ,f.s
arrived here from North Creek, hi this , 1
county, ten Bohemians, .consisting bf four , .
women, three men ' and .three children. , '
They are about six weeks from their. native
land,' and ' were : sent . out to farmers, at '.. .
North Creek through the New, York Agen . :
cy4 Some dissatisfaction arising, between
them and their employers they came to our , t ,
town,,' where;, they were promptly-looked, j-.
afUr by Mayor, Warren, , who took active .....
interest in seeing them, cared for,' and in .,.
securing medicaj attention for one of the , ;
children who waa quite sick.' - Our citizens .
have been very kind in, providing them with;( , ,
food.and;raimenk-Vff:j''!rffiV mi iA-un
f Raleigh News-Observer The; 1
Oxford Railroad is within two miles of that v' "'
town. Let her progress.' Horner's '
School has opened more successfully this". "
year than ever before. We learn 'that ' '
four drunken white men returning to their ": '
homes in Johnston ' county, last Tuesday 3
plgbt, broke into the house of Mr. BuhcIi,
about seven miles - below this city, on the
Holleman road, t They cursed him and his A i
. wife, broke up crockery, and tore things
up generally; - A1 party has gone to arrest 1! '
them with warrants -t There was a pub- ..-.
He speaking at Wadesboro one day last
weekvand a very large ? crowd sln town. rKJ
Everything was quiet till late in the after- .
soon, when' the town marshal arrested a.
negro ' and was raking' him to the j?urd ' :
house. ?.Tbe negro resisted and tha officer a
clubbed him; felling ' him to .the ground.
The' cry Was raised among the negroes that'- "v
the town officer ' bad killed a negro . la a
moment 'a crowd "of negroes.' very much
excited, gathered 'around and an attemptii
was made to mob tbe officer, who had to .
fly forhhr life, with the rmob'lntrrsuit,1"'
Cryjng; killI hint ,Tne sheriff, witha.iit.r:
posse of whites, rushed to the. officet'd
boUse, 'where he bad taken 'refuge, knd
preVtnted the mob from entering. .By tly a J-.,
timp there were two or three hundred In-, ,.
farlaied negroes, armed with sticks, stones' .
and pistols, around the house, demanding ' -
I the officer. Judge Bennett, whp soonar--,
lent spirit of the mob and had the marshal
put in charge of tbe sheriff and bis posse.