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WOlll.lt TIIRHB: HilVG DEBFf
' " j . VP U t ' "
; We intended to have commented
in few words on one of the points
r jixed by Judge Black, lie spoke in
term of-ridicule of the opinion ad
vanced by ex-President Davis that
ilieri' would have beeu no war if
1'rennient Buchanan had abandoned
the South Carolina Forts. This
opinion is not singular with Mr.
Davit. Thousands of intelligent men
in the South believe it Why should
there have been war ? We doubt it.-
Such fiieii as Mr. Greeley, the leader
..f At...r,ii....;.n.! iu;nfi.ij
4 liiv'll AUU -VJIOIl. "
i, il I n Whirr f onnaorvnltva viouro
, were for letlini; the South withdraw
- hi- !! - -
h it had a light to dounder theConsli
i utioii. .The New iEngland leaders
Miat--Hiueii we may call some of them
h:ui threatened secession often, and
lii r.iiuseH - trivial
an compared with
ih.e that moved
the Southern peo-
i-i.-. Many of tFiti leaders held that
; -.IH ii accordance with the terms
it-e o-nnpycL to
c-.H-fd to ineel'llie
withdraw when1 il
ends in view. It
became criminal only when the South
it, r-aiened to resort io the same
P rueful means of redress, ; 1
- VVe arc (-urprised that as able and
pmloiind a lawyer as Judge Black Ih
wmIi h full knowledge of the history
ol t he formation
in hid hands'.
afl with that insirumen
1 en not see the matter jufet as the
S luheru people saw it. It is another
iiiKiaticM of judicial blindness. It is.
the more remarkable because of the
he has dis-
-utel the perversions and viola-
ii iih ty the Iiepublican party of the
Naured instrument. Our contempora
ry, the Raleigh News Observer, thus
views the opinion of Mr. Davis. It
Kay:-; . J - ' ;(j :., i i ....
"There was more liuth in what Mr.
Davis says than one is now apt to imagine
The feeling was bitter duriog tbe closiDg
ilnys of Bucbaoao's administration, bat
h-i.J be withdrawn the troopi from the
,S .nth and avoided hostilities, and left Lini.
coin no legacy of a besieged fort, it la likely
thii there would have been no hostilities,
ml North Carolina and Virginia Dd the
bonier States would probably not have
withdrawn from tbe Unions and tbe South
ern Confederacy would have speedily fallen
through.?' . ' i - - '
Without uadertaking to say that
this opinion ia correct in all particu
lars we are very much inclined to the
opinion that war would have been
avoided in offle way. : ..
A KBCENY 1LLCSTBATION 41 P A
The very foundation-stones of. tbe
republican form of government set up
by our patriotic and wise forefathers,
was the independence of the States.
Just in proportion as the reserved
constitutional rights of tlie States are
ignored or invaded lias, there been'
mischief and danger! 5The -Star a
hundred times has essayed' to make
this plain to impress this fact ; ds
The President of the United States
for nearly nix weeks has been incapa.
citated for work. There has been
practically no President of the United
f-itaies,and still there have been peace,'
quiet, and an actual era of good feel
ing. There has been: no friction," no
conflicting of interests.' Eaoh State
sovereign within itself, in the ex
ercise of constitutional ' 'powers,
has gone on - smoothly working
oat its own problems, discharging
its own great daties, contributing its
share to the development and enrich
ing of the great Union of which it is a
part, and illustrating the truth o( that
happy saying that the States of the
Union are "distinct as the billows yet
one as the sea. V : .U
The Baltimore Gazette has been
making a fresh bat brief study of the
great fundamental doctrine of local
.... , s , 1 1 - . : ' ' Ti" ' j !" - ' :" , v '
W T" yv '-r " w : " ; ''- ' "' - "t ' " -. . : 11 - . - . . - V . - 1 "- " v '- 1 i :v vSi - . , ,;,, .,.,,:,,.,. , , , i . , , ! r-i i 1 T. ' " T" t.p r- 1 vj .i '" 'j; iff- " jp'- -' r. j i
Ulu. xn. i : WILMINGTON. N. O.." FRIDAY. AUGITTST 19. 18811 I ..-.V
self-eovernment in view of recent
eventH. ' It points out very clearly a
lesson iihst the hour teach ep. ! We re
gard it of the first importance that
American people haU: understand
that goful Kvernraeiit and civil liber
ty are united, and that these cannot
be perpetuated unless the rights of
Commonwealths ' are. preserved and
respected. Says thel Gazette:
t "We have sever hid a period when the
Value of ale KOreruments was so positively
established, and which' showj how very
essential tbey are to tbe stability of affairs
and tbe perpetuity of our whole system of
government and lawj. We have
lived under such a complete system, for all
internal purposes, that no disturbances have
been felt, and nA protection to rights either
of persons or property has been obstructed
or denied. Ia the nature of its birth and
sphere of legislation the government of tbe
United States is not competent to this end,
and the most lamentable' roublea we Jhave
ever known have priglnated In' doing vio
lence to these well-defined lines of separate
legislative duties. , The- Btates existed be
fore the Federal. Up ion they were the par
tiea bviog inherent sovereignty, and only
delegated to th' general v government the
few and. wet-denod powers for the com
mon defence and welfare. It was io this
spirit the Union was ebUblished, and if we
intend to preserve the substance and the
charters of our civil liberty it mast be bo
reverenced tad administered.? , i
cotton. . I
Lin 1870 the South grew 3,011,357
bales of cotton. In 1 830 it grew
5,730,968 an increase of 2,722,011
bale, or 89.7 per cent. The increase
ia population was 30 per cent. The
ratio of increase of production of
cotton is nearly three limes the in
crease in population. This shows
very tood work for the colored
laborers. Whatbecomes of NorthernCl
lies ? How did tne slaughtered and
bulldcZwd negroes' ever do so much
labor ? Oh, the fchameless, lying
miscreants of Yankee doodle-dom !
But is this increase xt production
the healthiest pecuniary sign ? What
about other productions ? : Is the
increase' in corn,' wheat, oata, bacon,
etc in proportion to the ; increase in
population? If not, .then is dot
cotton raised at tbe expense of other
productions? If this isa fact, and
we have no doubt of it,
cioii!, is it piudenf ,. in it
tbe way to
prosperity, and independence ?
North Carolina in 1870.
144,935 baltf in 1880 it made 389,
510 an increase rf . 168.7 "per. cent.
No other cotton State' shows any
such increase.' Arkansas omea near
est, showing an increase of 144.8 per
cent. South Carolina increased 132.8.
Ml,ssisippi leads alt the ' States in
production, giving 955,803. Georgia
is next with 813,965. ; f
The crop of 1870 was the smallest
since the war, we believe. It brought
almost as much money as; the crops
that exceeded it by 1506,000 . bales.
Inj 1870 a bale of eotton fetched i 100.
What does it fetch now?.
market is gltUted with cantaloupes
you can buy, three, .for five .cents.
When too much cotton' for the con
sumption is grown . then -the - price
drops.; The rule of demand and
supply applies to all products. ' ;
4The Ves does not forget that these
illiterate Republican voters are kept id the
bondage of illiteracy because they are Re
publicans." PA3ade?phia Press. Bep. ,
" There is no excuse for such igno
rance. : There is less excuse for sucb
falsifying. The Tress is becoming a
a better paper. It ought to sloaglt off
its; old Radical skin and become bet-'
ter iuformt d as to the South' .and less
malignant. Why does not the mighty,
boastful, rich North educate the. ne
groes after freeing them; and 'invest
ing them with the franchise? , Why
leave to the South it robbed of hun
dreds of millions to provide schooling',
for "the wards of the Nation ? ;. In
point of fact the South is sharing its
money equally between the' races for
educational purposes. :Bat' this the
ignorant iVtfss does not' know';' or; if
it knowR, it is; too unfair to publish
it; I The South has given' more than
six times as much to educate the ne
grocs since they were liberated as the
total eoiitnbulions of the North-will
amount to for all purposes in their behalf.-
. We do not like much that wo- see
In the, Philapelphia Aneric'an. . . Be-,
ingj Iiepublican ' and Northern we do
not expeot to agree witH; many of its
opinions. We believe it tries to be
fair and honest; Its locality . ia un
fortunate for ' freedom from party
blindness. ! We gtyecit) credit ion a;
consistent' "dislikerof - 'Ihef Mahohe
RepobUoan alliance ia Yirginia; ; It
i,hus Tebuk'ef Its 'atf'i t omfiXQ" I
-- rWe ibiok H BOtfliug )ess:4baa madness
in those Republican leaders and ! newspa
pers of the North, who wish : to ally : tbe
party with the SoutbeiBlebemlea of social
reform and public- hooetty. : It is - not the
party we care for it is the nation: and for
the sake of the nation we plead for-such.
help to tsoatbera. schools as .will enable
those States to meet and ' overcoma tbeh
political danger." -
DOGS KBrrjIiqitlGTO XflElR TO.
r 01 IT. 1
i The Conservatives enter the fight
in Virginia with a good ticket, with
a ; good platform, and, with a : good
conscience.'- They ought to mn. The
purer portion of the : Northern Re
publicans cannot look V with favor
npoa the proposed amalganiation of
their party in Virginia with the mon
grel repudiation faction bossed1 by
Billy Mahone. A" letter from U. S.
Senator Mitchell, favoring " the coali
tion, was published a week 'or two
ago. His course is censured by some
of the better journals of his party
that prefer principle to plunder, and
think it not in accordance with hon
esty for a party " that insists upon
debt-paying out of Virginia to favor
repudiation m 'Virginia.
Mitohell pretends ' that his reason
lor favoring the unholy alliance is
that .it will secure" the negroes their
rights. In . Virginia,. as in i; North
Carolina, the negroes enjoy so much
of liberty that it - notfun frequently
borders upon license. It is late in the
day to say otherwise. We are sur
prised to see such a paper as the
Philadelphia American referring to
North Carolina as a State where the
negroes do not enjoy their rights.
Such ignorance is inexcusable. Such
a statement is false unqualifiedly. -t
We have not seen Mitchell's letter,
but it is of the old sort if we can
credit a comment in the American
upon it, in which that paper says: "
.."We especially regret Mr. Mitchell's ill"
considered utterance, as he is what we may
call an Administration' Senator, and his
words may help to revive the passions
which too long have divided North and
South. Just at present we are having one
ot those lulls in political excitement which
will do more for the welfare of the nation
than all the coalitions that ever were de
vised. The country is united In feelings
of sympathy for the wounded President.
North and South have got nearer to each
other than at any time in the last thirty
years. Antagonisms are losing their edge.
An era of at leaBt comparative good feel-'
ing seems to be. cementing anew the ties of
national sympathy. But 'like a discord in
the strain is tbe cry of a set of Kepubli
can Senato. i.and editors i who seem to think
it ; the chu i end of the Government to
'break: up the Solid South' by any means,
foul or fair, which may be at band. Mr.
Mitchell baa done the country no good ser
vice by hi i letter." f jV, ;;; : ; .
The i. tab long ago said that if a
half dozen Northern : bloody-shirt
flap doodlers could die and a half
dozen Southern impracticables could
go to a better world, that peace would
prevail and lying., and . bulldozing
cease to be a political factor as be
tween the sections. Kf.. .,, ' .
The South - in various- ways has
shown itself anxious for reconcilia
tion and friendship. Its latest uni
versal, spontaneous offering was when
the assassin shot down the President.
Ifv for vile political purposes the'
Southern people are ' again assaulted
by a slanderous, corrupt Northern
press and by mouthing demagogues,
we hope the South will place itB
hand behind its back and forever
ref use to shake hands with its defa
mers. We write thus plainly because
daily we see that it is only a part of
the North that trusts the South even
now. The Republican party as an.
entirety is no more friendly now than
it jwas six months ago. Its? organs
cannot forgo for aJ month to make
false and slanderous statements cW
cernihg the South. ' If the South is
not trusted fully now then we say
let the North "rip," and let the true
people of the 'entire South be as a
wall of adamant, united, determined
and strong. ;;:vi;V "
DTJTV VV THBt ROBTn
THE NBCBO. ' ;
iWe can pick up scarcely a Nertu
ern exchange that is not discussing
the South. It is either the revival of
prosperity,' or the value of negro
labor, or : education, 1 or some other
topie :that concerns opr : people- that
constitutes the theme.- Oar readers
know that the Sxab has been insist-'
ing that the rich North, that liberated
the slaves, should now educate them' $
that as they gave them the Tight of
suffrage when they had - not the ' first
qualification for its exercisej 'Ihey
.should now give them all the educa
tional privileges possible to qualify
tie'm as eleciorsj The, 1$ well j(Mas-i
saohusetis) Mail , and Bqston Adver
tiser, both Republican oapers, fay or.
the aid of "the Nation' in thirn-J
portant direction The Boston JPost,,
? V h'!"li'i i.'i''-'W CiAViiO r, , j i f ii J
Democratic, opposes . ; z. uppn L the.
ground that Jit lis inconsistent i!with
"the old-fashioned doctrine that' each
State ' should; be left1 to manage its
As the North has enjoyed so much
benefit from the labors of the South'
all through the. ; century, and as the
North, by Uberating the negroes,5 de
prived the South of hundreds of mil-
. . . . , , - . . . 7 , - -7 ' 1 r . r , i ) -j - r ' 1 : '
lions'of property and credit, we are
inclined to take' all we can get from
;"the Nation." But Upon "principle,
we are with the Josf. j There:, is too
much disposition in the North to disre
gard Constitutional limitatione.- That
great instrument the Charter q( our
Liberties is set asidequite toojoften
for safety, and is looked upon in the
North too much - as O mere lope of
saud. The Stab thiiks the North,
as a great bection, ' should raise the
needed funds with wweb. to educate
the negroes. It is tkeir r duty, both
as citizen?, as patriots: and as Chris--tians.'
When ' they '-'enfranchised' a
million negroes they did a hazardous'
thing according to their own t,heory,
that intelligence and virtue are the
basis of good, safe, republican go
vernment. It is their' imperative
duty to correct the evil aa fast as pos
sible in seme way. ; Tgeyyay eduea
(ion is the great antidote. So -be it.
Then let the North do its duty.? "The
Nation" has nothing to do with it,
and the Boston Post is correct in its
The Northern Republican papers
regard a sincere devotion to the Con
stitution and the maintenance oi the
reserved rights guaranteed therein to
the State as a "mere hobby." (The
truth is, the - Northern Republican
knows nothing of the Constitution.
To him it is- a dead letter a . mere
tissue of nothings words, idle words.'
The "Nation" can disregard it at will.'
In the meanwhile liberty is slaugh
tered and the laws are a nullity.
GREAT SAVING AND FINK PRO-
' KITS. ' .' ' j '
I It is estimated that if the cotton
.4 - . ii
crop of the South was manufactured
is .' i ... T -
at home ' there would be an actual
saving of fifty million dollars to the
planters besides ' the profit on the
manufacturing. 1 Mark that. - If this
be bo it will be something to marvel
at if within the next ten years there
is not an immense stride taken in the
Lsouth in the direction 2 of -bringing
I . ' . . . li
the mills to the' cotton. The Spring-
field (M.&SS.) Manufacturer and In-
'dustrial Gazette has this to say, and
iwe ask the capitalists of North Caro
lina to consider what it says: 1 f-j-
, ;'Tbey (the South) have tbe advantage of
cotton location,- and, when they have se
cured Bew and improved machinery, will
do an unrivalled business. ' They can save
freights, buy cheaper and hire cheaper la
bcr. They save buyer's commission, and
warehouse delivery and cartage, sampling,
classing, pressing, shipping, maiine risks,
and freight and cartage to interior towns,
which amounts in all to some seven dollars
per bale. The Northern mills also lose
from receiving cotton poorly ginned, con
taining a good deal of leaf and Band, which
is computed at six per cent, of the entire
cotton crop.. The difference between the
cost of a bale sent to Fall River, Mass., and
a bale sent to Columbus, Ga., is eight dol
lars and- six cents. This makes a tax: of
eighteen per cent.', which Fall River pays
in competition with Columbus. It is esti
mated that, if the planters conld manufac
ture, their cotton near home, they would
save 150,000,000 in transportation." .
1 lit will not be long before the vast
advantages over Old or New Eng
land' offered by the South willjbe
"understood in the ' North and
beyond j .1 seas. In this connection
let ns J turn to ' our , little South
era ' city, Augusta, (Georgia. 1 It
is j "well known that ( Georgia 1 is
;very greatly in advance of any
of her Southern sisterhood in the
race of, progress, and' especially- of
cotton manufacturing. In Augusta,
with some 27,000 inhabitants, we
believe, there are three mills, with a
capital of 1,6 00,000. These employ
1,700 operatives, who receive $390,
000" annually in wages. . Within four
years three .mills have. paid to their
operatives 11,560,000.'. " '' ':IT:
Look at these figures, men of Wil
mington and 'Charlotte and IRaleigh
What vast benefit to -i Wilmington
would three such mills bring ?; They
would add largely to the population 1
Look at the large sum that would be
distributed -among 1 ,700 W working
people.! Ail this, or; the most of it,
would be expended. in our midst. As
it is,, the millions paid to operatives
are expended. in the North.;! Oh, the
South, the South, how. blind you :are.
Whatinf atuation besets you ? ; Why
land1 delve fori others? ! Why:
nbi manufacture everything at h ome
an 4 for javaseli:m :dri'r;.;ziii&t
VBat: did: these: three Linilla pay?
That is thee important question a.fter
all4 tet ua look at the figures as ub-
.lished by the Augusta., Constitution
lW have seen how much more
money was: paid to ;. the operatives!
The 1 stockholders ; during .the J four
years received in dividends $540,Q0O,
They, expended ,15,673,680. Ofle of
the mills paid so well .it is being en
larged, the'Sibley, And will soon employ-
1,000 persons, paying., them an
nually $225,000. w ouch tacts , j are
"Since writing the above we notide
that another mill, ibejEnterprise, has
declared a dividend of ten per cent,
for 1880, after passing a large sum to.
the surplus I fund. The factory will
bp onlargedlgreatly - at once.: ' It is
proposed to increase. their 'spindles
from 13,800 no between 33,00 and
34,000, making their looms ' 600
building; jin fine,' a factory.' with
greater capacity than jany -in practi
cal operation in Georgia.
Turn now to South Carolina. In
Aiken county alone there are 44,480
spindles, 1,224 looms, 1,080 opera-
tives, and 17,848 bales of- cotton are
consumed, annually.; One of i these,
the Langley, has earned $457,218.27,
in eight years, as we learn from the
Aiken JourriaV irhi ks- theprofils.;
It should be? remembered that South
Carolina was passing through a ter
rible trialat vkast--4 out years of the
eight. - ! Tj - "''v V: t-h:kiii'-iAi
? Wo learn from the Augusta Con
stitutionalist that the Augusta Fao
tory (a third one) alone pays $175,000
to its operatives yearly, In a short
time Augusta will have-125,000 spin
dles. They ; are even talking of
giving' the Sibley Mills such an in
crease as to make it have 500,000
spindles. If I cotton manufacturing
does not pay in Georgia why all this
outlay? If it pays in Augusta why
not id Wilmington ?
f The irrepressible Hammond is out
in a letter against Dr. Bliss and t the
other physicians! who have attended'
the President, i He excepts Drs. Ag
new and Hamilton from his bill' of
indictment, which consists of seven
counts, all of which occurred within
forty-eight hours after the shooting.
We find in the Baltimore Sun the
summary as follws :
i VNeglect to make a thorough ex
ploration of the track of the wound
and to locate the position of the
bullet; neglect to remove the frag
ments of clothing and of bone which
afterwards caused such great suffer
ing; neglect to extract the ball while
the strength of the patient was at its
maximum and before the , track had
been partially closed by the swelling
of the soft parts; treating the case
from the first from the standpoint of
guesswork, instead of from actual.,
facts gained by thorough and intelli
gent exploration ; neglect to give
exit to pus that had collected and to
pieces of fractured ribs till the con
sulting surgeons I had arrived from
Philadelphia and New York, and Dr.
Agnew did what was proper; being
from the first overweighted with a
sense of responsibility, owing to the
fact that the patient was the Presi
dent of the United States.7
I Our readers know that our admira
tion for - Massachusetts is great. It
has such fecundity in the production
of "isms," is such a good hater, de
lights 1 so - much j in taking ; care ' of
number one, has such a hankering to
get 'its thumb in other people's pie,
and knows so well how to disqualify
voters under educational and other
dodges,5 that we cannot help from
admiring it. But it has still another
claim to Our 'confidence and admiration.1-
With such a showing as it
makes in the divorce line, how can
any man1' withhold his applause ?
With a population of less than 1,800,
000 Massachusetts had more than six
hundred j divorces in 1878, white
England, with over 24,000,000 people,
had drily eight hundred legal separa
.tioris' during the same period. This
wilt do tot the "model State." .;.
Cameron met Daniel but once, and
now" he is "cowed." s He failed to
come to time at the second appoint
ment. He is better pluck than that.
We prophecy he "will die game." He
has some. North Carolina blood in
him, you seel 41 '-"Tar-Heels" have no
better sense' than to stick. Vide all
of the t battlefields ? in1 v irginia and
sundry reports of sundry Generals.
The South Carolina colored Bap
tists are well pleased with the admin
istration of Gov. Hagood. A church
at I' Su mmer ville! ha r. passed resolu
tions congratulating! him on his wis
dom andyokingja-blessing onVhis
labors The Charleston Al'eios & Cou
rier rays. this 4ifs Ithe .'. only colored
church in that State that has mani
fested a lively interest' and sympathy,
fori the stricken Presidents
.,1 The editorial sbusiness is getting'to
be dangerous. Another one of the
uillmen has been assassinated; This
time it is in ' Massachusetts, and the
nnfortnnate -victira-Tr-Charles- M."
Murpny;r ,editor ;of ;the; Deer Creek
Advance; The assassin is supposed
to be one James Thomasl X We' hope
James will dangle.
4 ihell(e-8tTlDK Stattou. A cam.
: Mr. Daniel Slimson, a cleVer and enter
prising gentleman of New Bef ne hss,' con
tracted to furnish the material and erect
the neccsjory buildings for the Lite Saving
Station on our coast. He was in tbe city
yesterday, haying just returned, with Lieut.
Shoemaker, from Smith's Island, whero the
station' is ' to be located. " Mr." Slimson is
now fitting up the frames of tbe buildings
at h s mill iu. New h Berne, : and will
take them : around to the station : , in
vesse a when completed. He expects, ta
have the, lumber i on 'tthe'. ground' Tin
abouii 1 three weeks and will ;then 'com
mence the work of erection at once. Should'
no unfortunate circumstance prevent he ex
pects to have tbe entire work completed and
the station ready for service in about sixty
days.! 1 - - , '
! The exact location of the station will be
well out on Cape Fear Point, and about
three ixmles from the light house.
The Oronsbc and tbe CroDa. '
I A, yeek or two ago we were deploring
the bad effects "of tbe . loog-continaed
drougnt In the Western part of the State
and portioai Qf-Spuths.QaXoHna, and at the'
same - rime givrog vest - to oar satisfaction
at the fact that.we in this section had been
blessed with generous seasons and bad be
fore us a prospect of good crops. Now the
scene has somewhat changed, so far as this
sectionj is concerned, as we are informed that
the crops in the Town Creek section, in
Brunswick county, which were looking so
finely ten days ago, now present quite a
discouraging appearance ; and the same
may be said of the lower part of Brunswick
and - the neighborhood of Little - River,
South Carolina. To add to the trouble,
tbe wells are drying up and it is. difficult to
get sufficient water to supply .the stock.'
Unless this section of the State ia visited
by pretty general rains very shortly the
result will be very disastrous. - -: - --
m a m - '
Shipments of Vanilla.
' We mentioned a few days since that the
vanilla plant had become quite an article
of. export' from this city, and instanced t ho
fact thati seventy-five bales had ; been
shipped during the past week. Referring
to. the same subject, Mr. A. C. Powell, of
Teachey's, Duplin county, writes us that
from that tittle town, on the Wilmington
& Weldon! Railroad, the agent of Root and
Herb Company claims to have bought and
shipped one hundred bales in tbe last thirty
days, and expects to ship one hundred and
fifty bales j in : the next thirty days.; He
ships to Baltimore. ; M
MAN'S TRBiriERDUCS SIONKBir
' j POVEK.
The Doctrine of ICvolntlon Treated
' j Scientifically. :
Richmond Christian Advocale,
The doctrine of evolution is that
all organic forms --vegetable and ani
mal,' including man himself are
lineally descended from one micro
scopic i mote of . matter. They all
have one! ancestry all ; akin 4 We
are told that the time was when life
did not exist on this planet. Away
back in geological ages,' by chance, a
viewless particle ooze somehow cre
ated itself! a thing of life. Dead mat
terdeath begets life! This marvel
lous atom! of sea slime had progenity,
like unto itself, of invisible molecules
of mud. In the countless sons (for
the Evolutionists care as little for a
million of j years as a loafer does for
seconds of time) these infinitesimal
forefathers of men and pumpkins
grew, multiplied and. waxed fat.
After awhile well, in the : course
of a fewj billions of years these
sires from - the slush ; of the
strand were big enough to be seen,
if .there had been anybody there or
any high-power glass. . Unfortunate
ly for historical accuracy, the race
was ihen in posse, and eye-witness
and .affidavit were imp9ssible. At
any rate, (there was gradual improve
ment in the breed. The runts begat
thoroughbreds. 'And the thorough
breds became the ancestors of ".a bet
ter 'stock, . called the Monera. The
Monera were not quite large enough
to.be examined by human vision, but'
they were an advance upon the old
mud-sill fellows.' The Monera was a
colorless liquid (an organism without
organs), of the size of a pin's point,
that : could move itself, a .little.; - It
was next to nothing, yet a step ahead
of its 'federal head.". To make a
long story short, it is "supposed" that
there was a progression from this
minute mass of mucus up to Man.
We believe it is admitted that
neither observation nor experiment,
has discovered a single instance to
brace up this doctrine. The giraffe
was once 'an aquatic animal, by the
rules of j Evolution. He swam by a
vibratile tail, , How ; his: caudal pro
peller got; changed, into a fly-flapper
is brie of puzzle to Darwin. , There is
no hint m tradition or record of the
gradualj conversion of this. Tear: ap
pendage from a - sculling oar. into a
brush - toy drive away .annoying in
sects. It is hard to' guess how the
sturgeon became a cameleopard. Mr. !
Darwin "sees no difficulty irva race
of bears rendered : by. natural selec
tion a race like a whale.,. How the
whale would get a tail from the short
nub of Bruin is a "difficulty" to us.
;" . (,(Man is descended from a hairy
quadruped, furnished with a-tail and
pointed . ears, probably, arboreal in its
habits, and an inhabitant" of the old
World."? ..In vain has been the search
for the skeleton of 'speechless origi
nal man," whose brute howlings were
changed to, : articulate . speech, , and
whose consciousness was developed.
The. progenitor remains unknown, ex
cept to the scientists. - It vexes them
that the ancestral "hairy ; quadruped"
left no trace in the. earth. Haeckel,
however, has been equal to the emer
gencies and exigencies of his theory.
He says the fossil, remains ,jofJ our
monkey 'progenitor must (be .. in .the
bed of the Indian Ocean on that sub
merged j continent ! A ; - ut.
- SaTem Press: Ilefreahint? tains
vuuuoj. - uucbiuuui win tie iieuiy.
Il is to be hoped the oak rnast' will hlto
be abundant. U . iO i L- -n i Ji ii ..
1 ( John Varnell was knboked Vlbwn
aod seriously injured" by Frank WeM ,"uie
jatter usiog bis gun: f k'a v lein, rn
the Toisuot Home. ,
j I liouisburg Times: -Mrs., Emma
W. Williams, rebel of the late. W. P. Wll- i
liams, died at her home in this? pUce -oo
Friday morning last. ; . ,,; t .
f-; Durham. Plant: -i Hilleboro,- on
hearing ne tfesultr of sthe county cltctiuo,' -telesapbed
; to: Dm ham, 't saying: ?. -VYeP, -yijiu
have got tbe new county and h-vt'i
sense enough to run it:'' . - -
j Charlotto Observer: The third i
annual Mropened at Poplar- Tent Thurs-
day moroipg..and closed yesterday vemt)g.
The exhibition jn. some respects ' perhaps '
fell short 'of that of last season, but whenl.
the extremely hot and dry season is consid
ered, the fair compared favorably with any
that baa been held heretofore at this place.
) .'New. York Jribune: The third
meeting of the Kitty Hawk" Bay Sports-',,
men's'.Club was held st the' house ot - Mr. ;
Dominick, No. 23 WeBt 'Fifty-first atreet,
last evening.' It was decided to offer for
sale three additional, shares- at. f 2,000 .a 1
share, tbe original ehares having, ajl -been
tBken.J -Messrs. 'Henry Sampson, D. G.":
Elliot and Judge Munger; the legal adviser '
of the club, were appointed a committee to-,
gc to North Carolina to view the new pro-'
il Goldsboro Messenger : The Golds '
boro graded school is now a fixed fact. The -next
in order will be a cotton factory. K
We learn that Mr. C. C. Whortoo. of Pam--
Hicp cponty, kihed-a rattlesnake measuring
7 feet in length, inches in diameter and , .
9J incheB in circumference, with '15 rattles.' '
The Goldsboro Library Association has -received
its first installments of books for J '
the, circulating library, some 800 volumes.
A good beginning. . The Reading Club will .; '
resume its weekly meetings the first Mon- ,'
dayin September," -f;i;''fA -4---f--
I rr-.Charlotte Observer'. Cadet Mid
shipman Z. B. Vance, Jr., leaves the city ,
today to join the flag' ship "liancaster,"
which . Bails for the : Mediterranean from
Portsmouth, New Hampshire. -It is
said that only one drummer in about every '
twenty who stops in Charlotte attempts. to ;
sell any goods here. The others lay over
while working the country trade.' ' The "
dry weather makes one atonement. ? It has -nbt
left the mosquitoes their hiding and
batching places. There are fewer for this"'
time of year than known for a long time,
-The manager of the. Charlotte Opera
House has already booked twenty-five com-'
panics for the coming season. The first
date is the 12th of September. : Most of
the engagements are for November, Janu-
ary and February. Among those who will
appear are John E. Owens, Gus Williams '
and Miss Annie Pixley. ' : m , :. - .
, i ' Jloxbora Herald : C. S.- aWin
stead of Person county, sold at Danville,
Va., ont August the 2nd, one two horse load
of tobacco for the nice little sum of $561.86. ;
-? A! negro by the name of Rom Lawson,
on election day at Allensville, in this coun
ty, rate the following meal : . li quarter '
mutton; ' 18 biscuits, 1 pound candy, 2 half
grown Chickens, 5 herrings, 1 loaf corn
bread, and a piece ' of shoat, supposed to -,
weigh about 1 pound, drank 3 .quarts of
water; and said he had'nt eat half enough.
He then offered to bet he could throw any
man, or lift more with a hand-stick than
any map on the ground. In order to show
his strength be took a man that ; weighed
about 200 pounds, and carried him about
over the ground in his tectb. He then
went up to another table and called for a 25 ;
cent snack.. Burglaries are common
iu Person county. ' V
- i Vf urham Plant : Died,' on last -Tuesday,
Mr. Andrew Turner, of apoplexy.
Mr. Turner was one. of our oldest, best and
most esteemed citizens. - Capt. O. R. ,
Smith has punched a deeper hole intb .
earth than any other man in the State. He
has the management of the artesian well at '
this piece and has bored; it over thirteen
hundred feet. ; . An interesting revival ; .
is progressiug at Hopkin's Grove, about .
seven miles north of .Durham. The '
Board of County Commissioners' yesterday
granted; retail liquor license to the following ;
gentlemen: Messrs. -Rhodes Vickers. V.
D. Lawrence, John T- Mallory, Wm. Mani
gum, 8. B. Carrington & Bro., and Christ- -mas.
At their first meeting in May, it will '
be remembered, the Board refused to grant
license owing to the large number of peti
tions presented asking them not to grant . -any
license for the retail of .liquor in Dur- '
ham county. - But since the election the :
people have said emphatically they want . .
no prohibition ia theirs by a majority -of -over
fifteen hundred, and the Board being
willingj that such a. majority' should be
heard, granted licenser ';" ' "" . J
Toisnot Home : .Rev. " W. ,L.
Caningglm is conducting an Jnteresting
revivalof religion at Mt. Zion M. E. church, -in
Nash county - ; We learn-that a to
bacco factory is being erected at Sharps-.
burg, f -In Nash county, -near Whita-
ker'a mill, on last Sunday morning, Mrs. B,,,.
FJ Drake departed this life. Mr. J. F.
Bridgers, who lives about six miles east of '
this place, attempted to be let down in his ;
well, on .Wednesday last, by means of a
bucket and rope - attached to 4 windlass ;
After getting in the bucket and having bis .
weight fully thereon, the rdpe broke and
he fell about twenty feet to tbe bottom of
the well. He was drawn out immediately
and was found to be very badly injured, '
but we rejoice to learn that he is improving.
The revival at the Methodist church ia
this place, closed on last Tuesday night,
after, a very successful meeting of nearly
threek weeks. . There have been fourteen
new members added to the church during
the meeting; and . two young men were :
baptized, by, immersion. - Joe Petta
way, colored, employed at the saw mill of
Mr. T. H. Bridgers, of this county, was ;
caught in the mill gear, on Wednesday last .
and completely stripped of all his clothing.
He was also right badly injured. . We
learn from the Tarboro Southerner , that .
several attempts have been made recently "
to wreck the train on the Tarboro. Branch
road, jand that a few evenings ago .a. piece
of iron was hurled through the car window, ,
passing between Mr. B.' H. Bonn of Rocky -Mount
and a gentleman from; Tarboro. vlt '
came very neat striking Mr. Bunn. .
-; - Jasper Rhodes, an employe of Dallas
Taylor, Esq. of Nash county, was thrown. v.
from a wagon on the road near Wilson, on
last Friday, and seriously injured.- The
wheels of the. wagon passed over hia body. ,
From Mrl B. IL Ve'ster, ef Nash coun- '
ty, we learn that the senior Rev. Mr. Par
nell ii conducting a very interesting revival,
of religion at Francis ; Rackley's mill," in ' '
'Nashville township. The meeting. has been v
in progress about two weeks and there have .
been bear forty converts, eleven' of whom' "
have connected themselves with the church
aad were baptised on last Sunday. A
new church bas been organized at that
place; and at an early day they propose W .
erect fa church building. At present the
meetings are held i in an old (icrog-hop;J
We are informed by Mn W. J. Mor-i
ria, engineer on the southern bound last
mail, that on last Sunday evening, just as' -' 'r
he gave the signal before entering this
towni he was struck io the face with a ..
rock. : Mr. Morris was unable to tell Who Mu::
it was as it was getting quite dark. . r.f'
Mr.; James Vivrett, of Nash county, inform- "" , .Kr
ed us this week that he bad -lost 27 fine - -bogs
and about 90 chickens,-during the last 0 ,,
two months,' with cholera.?. J. L. '. ,'
Horn; who lives near this - place,- we learn $
shipped a lots of peaches last week, for
which he received about $1 00 per dczsn.
There were two crates in this lot. . .