$ 1 .50 a Tear, in advance.
, r-t "-- 55
rmwH v4Gt GtCt Ot 00 CO CO
"93 A E I eieoioVQOOria'coieecipneoia'
. i . - , . . - 4 .- i- .. ...
'Entered at the Post Office at Wilmington,
N. C, aa second-class matter. J
Tte subscription price of the Wkkk
.x Star is as follows : '. . i .-,?.
Single Copy 1 year, postage paid, $1.50
6 months. " " l.uo
A ROUT PH Y8IO. !
la saying a good word for the President's
physicians the Providence iVe makes the
poioti that "the physicians who attended
u:ort(e Washington la me last tiinesa nave
from lirae to time beep bitterly assailed,
bin the people long ago came to the con-.
n i. t I ll I : than rlirl lk. KcDl th.D JtfMllf)
mid ihat tbey ' were nut dtsetving of cen
Muv.'j -Exchange, jj r ,. ; .- j- -
Yen, bat; trie advanced practition
er of the day hold that, although
"they did the best; they cou id " lheir
treatment of the cse wm bad. Dr.
! I - .i
It. Bl Haywood, late President of the
N nil Carolina. Medical Society,' in
Ii'h excellent address before that
I to which we referred recently,
'Hu prufessipahl miu nuw before we
can read ao account of the medical treat-!
ineol of Lord Byroo j at Missalonghi, nd
Ueueral . Wasbinglouf at Mount . Vernoo,
without feeling a b!n-b o( shame for the!
iiri-fe'fuiinnal liiethrpit wlm i In 'int-tl mi
Byrou'a cis haiat been recorded in
full, lie was starved and bled loj
dc;at.h. Dr. Havwood aavc:
fni: m,ly hud allowed in tiinn i
four Meed itifcs had del.euium uhitne
.- iiiKiwn stoiihfiil of broib bef ore men-
lio.ietii' W-.w. K!nU-ruei. it Dr. liiuno
tuil Ur. M nltugeii hnd Stiol B four-putltid
MKit ihrouuli itid lordshiU dbn astiheycoald
n t. hi iuv noiuioii. have more effectually
k i d linn tUxn thcy-fil by those' slow bat
1 1 t;
ero is no
doubt that under tins
V Ml .
n'iif depleting ftena of thousands
it .. I in. !. ' l - .i . it:.f T a- -i
Ifiidersoii was once dinintj in Oxford
" - 1
he then jleadtD prctitioner
... county. ! a vounjr man ot mne-f
r iwenly'p the clerk of the Dbo-f.
r, at-ko! ll Mr. M-
- was not dead!.
- i i .
' ; responded jthe Doctor, "bat.
d you ask?" "Because," said
- i - 1 ! i
ioiighlful; youth, "I noticed in
iiftikiiM' charses fori visits and medi
1 i - i t- . I
thai it happens thus: first visit,
cJomel and 1 jalap, j and bleeding,! eo
ralch; second visit, ditto; third visit,
tiki same: no fourth! visit, bat an or-
I T 1 . ! 1 I'
del for a coffin." Said the wise
I I - "i i 1 . . '. j
Judge: "Doctor, if what- this young
in Jn savs is true.. it seems to me that
thJ time has come for you to change
practice." Bat that: Doctor
changed, .bat he removed to
where he continued i to
to -Ktarve, and to kill. ? We
sa vil h
im in his 87th year, in 186$.
above conversation ocourred
1823; Such Was the
a' ... i. uri..k;ni.id " oo
l.u ucucial ' . if osuiiigiuu a uaog
iy wood says; :l
fell into the hands
of Rush! and bis discfples who did not wait
for bis vital powers to be exhausted before
bleeding; but commenced to exhaust the
viihll powers by immediately commencing
that operation. ! Rush's! ten and ten, as
(Jobhett called calomel and jalap, were re
peatedly given,) and four or five copious
blood-lettings made. Byron was young
aoil itad i the vitality of a mud-lurtlej - He
8!oo his men nine days.; Washington was
u'd and weak; j and succumbed in three
foi ? j
and what do you: think all this was
why, for an ordinary sore throat, that
bid woman in the j country ought to
cared wun spirits turpentine ana a
il rag in one'day.njj ... I ;
was because -of the bad practice
Macbeth said, "Throw physio to
the logs I'll none of it." Bat most
fortnajely for mankind the whole
theory and practice of medicine has
chafigeci within thirty years or less.
Wefonce saw this subject admirably
treated in one; of the! great English
Quarter lies. The standard English
work of physio for 183G was contrast-
ed withlan English work of 1870 or
187 1, by' some; four or six celebrated
'practitioners. It was very instructive.
jtarKnes9 ana tignt are not more op
posed than those two works on prao
ticel The theory of what disease
was was antipodal. Tbe practice of
6ouse differed oat and oat. The days
of drastic purgation, starvation, phle-
hot-water and hot-rooms for
are gone forever.
Dr. John Hall, now abroad, has
literf offered tbe post of chancellor of the
University of the City of New York, made
vacant by Chancellor UrOBby's resignation.
; , 11
g -i ' 1 .
; -i;;: a : rv ' t '
- - ... p- i - ;
r- OT 09- iO CO f tO OS O i-l 09 "lO Q W CO
....... .y :- - .m ; -i ... , -.......x.wnyj y.
. - , thr roNvirn.
W. PVViinainson of Edgecombe,
is & some what recent convert to Hadt
calisr. 'He aspires to leadership iq
that party. ; Ho has published a ; le)
ter in tho Greensboro North -Statei,
Republican paper, in whioblie: charges
that the convicts at work on the' rail
road beyond Asheville are in a bad
aoudrtiun because of bad treatment!
Thoy are suffering groy, -he says
from scurvy,' euperinddced by food oi
poor quality and insqfficient qttantityi
We do not know how this is. ;. If th$
convicts , are j treated ? badly, as is
charged, then those : in '. authority
should . see to il that - Temedy is
found. ; Some one has power, we sup
pose, to correct such evils. :
In . Georgia there has . beep rgreati
complaint of tle manner of treat-.'
ment visited upon some of the rail-
road convicts, and we believe some
investigation was had. The oom
plaints were caught ap at the North
and some little' lay. sermons . were
preached thereupon. We have noticed
several editdiials in leading papers
condemning strongly , the system of
hiring oat convicts. Wo oan see no
special objection to this as long as the
law allows it and the prisoners are
cared for properly. The Northern
editors are uot in a position to un
derstand the surroondingft ' in the
South. : ' Our- penitentiaries' are over
run with negro thieves, house-burn-eWj'&c.
The supply promises to be
kept up. What shall be done with
them? They must; bf made to work
when and wiiere they can! earn the
most money and be thereby a less bar
den upon the intelligence and proper" J
ty of the State. But let them bo
provided for and let them be treated
humanely. -.';, -v:v:;.a i;'--
I We do not intend to be understood
as indorsing Mr. Williamson's state
ments, concerning which we have no
knowledge. We learn some explana-:
Hon has been made of tho matter in
the Neies- Observer. but ; we . over-
looked it. We have no doubt that
the proper remedies will be applied if
there is just cause for complaint or
. ., VicTa.
Mr. W. P.
Williarasou, appears in
two letters: in - the Kaleigh Jyeios-
Observer, in which he says:
"If the charge that the coavicts u the
roae beyond AsbeviHe. owing to an attempt
to feed able-bodied men each on twenty-six
cent a day, tad woiking them daring the
hot weather in June and July, unwholesome
food being given, resulting in, acurvy in its
worst form, are iu a condition of .horrible
suffering, be untrue,, why does not Mr.
Stamps explain or deny r
; "In the event of a denial, 1 will undertake
to prove by gentlemen high in the councils
of the Democratic party and in active accord
with the present administration, that the.
charge made by me is warranted by the
faCt8." . ; - ;A ,:-if-:;, A-:-x
He proposes to "turn on the lights,n
and then asks two questions:
"1. What caused Bcurvy to break out
among the convicts? - ' ' f j
: "2. -Who Is Major Roger P. Atkinson,
and why did be resign f"
TheRaleigh News -Observer seems
to sanction the insinuation against
Maj. Atkinson, and to agree that he
was forced to " resign. We do not
know ' . the ; history of -this . matter,
but no man in North Carolina has a
higher reputation for integrity, puri
ty, and humanity than this gentle
man has.' In Wilmington, . at Ra
leigh, , at Oxford, in Warren, at
Greensboro, where his family reside,
all along the Carolina Central, and
other railroads be has constructed
in part, there are hundreds .who will
stand up eagerly in defence of a man
whose fifty-three years have been as
pure and blameless as those of any
man nOw living. .' Maj. Atkinson is as
incapable of inhumanity as he is of
dishonor, rile is a 'civil engineer of
the highest repute,"; and for thirty
years or more has known what labor''
ing. hands require. Ho knows what
was the allowance lor railroad hands
before the war.-' We venture to say
that the hands - under his charge re
cently were as well fed as the rail
road hands (slaves) were prior to the
war. , -: -; -"J
We know nothing of the inside his
tory of the matter, but toe do know
Maj. Atkinson, and we cannot be
made to believe that he has done any
thing censurable or that justifies an
assault npon hisbharacter. ,.. '
"Whatever record leap to light
He never shall be shamed." - -
He is now in Gilds connty, Virginia,-
making a survey for a railroad
company, and knows nothing of the
critioism that isbeing made npon his
official eond act - in ; North Carolina.
Mr. Stamps .ought not . to " allow, a
croandle8s aeonsation ; to " be Inade
against Major Atkinson if he did not
resign because he had inhumanly
1 " ' ; ' ; I'll i - : ;, 1 ,
treated the convicts,' as Williamson
charges. No doubt Major Atkinson
Will bo heard from: in due time and
at soon as ho learns of' the insinua
tions or accusations made against his
good name. In the meantidie let the
public suspend judgment. We would
bo willing to pledge our life that no
Wel) founded stigma can ever attach
to his character . .'.u
: V z --.iv
" THE DEATU-BATTIiE."
ft; There is a new arid very profitable
business now being prosecuted most
diligently in many portions of the
rich arid progressive North. ' It is a
business that flourishes' in' Pennsyl
Tama and is spreading in' that State,
says the Philadelphia Times'. " That
paperlaya "prominent men' are eix-J
gaged In the business of gambling in
human Ufy.n That is a fearful accu
sation. We are glad "the uncivilized
South" has not go so far on the road;
that leads to "the higher civilization."
1 The new business is to insure.peo
pie oa their death-beds, or ' who are
known to be' infirm, for a good round
sum. Policies are hawked about, and
companies to carry on this disrepu
table business are being organized at
Williamsport, Muncey, Jersey Shore,1
Lock Haven, Renovo and other points
There is a company " operating at
Danville (Pa.), and it is doing a
"smashing business." A special cor
respondent Of the limes writes from
Williamsport on 30th ult: " ' ,
', "The Danville company is in full work
ing order and doing a big business. This
company ia composed ota number of the
best business men of the place, and they
claim their company pays every dollar of a
death loss. - Williamsport is well repre
sented by agents of out-of-town compa
nies. It won't be long before the city will
rival the towns farther down the river in
this nefarious business.
; "At pressnt there is a woman, eighty-two
years old, an, inmate of the Home for the
Friendless in this city, bed-ridden for:
years, wh09e life is insured for $100,000,
and the policies, twenty in number, are all
held by parties in this city, who, no doubt,
are praying for the old woman to 'shuffle
off, that they may realiza on their invest
ment." , - -
Wo do not understand how - the
companies, make money by; Buch ope
rations. The press of Penn sylvania
denounce the business. It is thought
that John Sheridan, aged 65, whose
body, was found in a hogshead of
rain-water at -Wilkesbarre, was mur
dered. Ho was buried hastily before
the coroner was notified. He was in-,
sored for a large amount, hence the
supposed murder. 4
The Baltimore -American, Repub
lican, likes the position taken by
Gen. Wickham in the Virginia con
test.' It says he is a Republican
"who believes in the sanctity of pub-'
lio contracts as a cardinal principle
of the Republican party, and who is
now left to a choice of evils." V It
would be singular to see a man of
Gen. Wickham's high character ta
king any other position than that
now occupied by him. ' ' But some of
the "organs" are now calling him "an
aristocrat," "a Virginia ' blue-blood"
"a Republican Bourbon." In the
estimation of such sheets it is a crime
to be a Southern gentleman, even
though you be a Republican. , "
t U. 8; Commissioner Baum is now
helping the Mahone-Cameron party,
October 16, 1879, he sent a circular to
Mr. Van Aukeri, Tobacco ; Inspector,
at Petersburg, Va., in which he was
requested to resign at once if he was
"exerting his influence for the read-'
jiistment, and thereby the repudiation
of the State debt of Virginia. This
is looked upon by thinking men as
immoral, and therefore inconsistent
with the dignity of an official."
I In 1879 it was "immoral" to sap-
port Mahone.; How is it moral and
dignified to support him and set in
1881? ' ' V l'VJ "
; : ' Col. Isaac W. Avery has just pub
lished a -History of JSeorgia.',' It is
selling rapidly, and is said to be well
Written by a correspondent of the
Augusta- Constitutionalist. By the
way, Maj. J. W. Moore has rewritten
liis sohdol history of 'Nortb Carolina,
and a ' new edition - is in press. As
this is a text-book in the coinmbn
schools of the State teachers should
see to it that they are supplied with
the revised edition, it attords us
pleaadre to learn of this much' needed
reVlBlOn. OUUUBB3 W lb, eay
heartily. - -wr
. i - - - -
Nothing makes a Northern Repub
lican so fighting mad as to talk of
Democrats giving "cullud pussons'J
office. I 'But if you wish, to throw an
organ-grinder into an attack of irre-
i : i -v" & i
meuiaDie jtm-jama jUBu . wuiouoi m
bis ! ear1 that Uncle S; T; is 'training
for the next race over, the course of
1884. I -
: tilt I .VII ,: -A ''ill - - i fi'cili It. it. . t
i: at .- .til 1 1.
N. C.v FEIDAY, SEPTEMBER 9,T 1881.
CONCKKNIPfG ROKTH CAROLINA '
The Raleigh News-Observer of
day was full of railroad matters. ( We
give elsewhere'the tetters of, tho Gov
ernior concerning rhost' Important
subject t to JNorta Carouniana. .YVe ;
copy also the report'ipf trie" Commis
sioners of the Western ; North, Caro-
ina Railroad, arid'a portion of an ed
itorial in reference to -the oppermost
topic jast'now.' It is, verydrScr.lt to
get at thetrueJimardnesB" oi the
squabbles and djffionlUeR growing out
pf tho sale of tike Western, North
Carolina Railroad There seems to
be a wheel within a wheeL , By differ
rences, suits, reporjtsi investigations
interviews, letterjsnd dsetissiona the
peopUvwilt altef a while learn a great
deal more about railroading in North
Carolina than is dreamt of tin their
philosophy. It is to be hoped that
the final outcome may prove less dis
astrous to the interests of the State
; i , t - - '- - i -
than the most flattering view jnsfc
now would authorize one to. . antici-
i .''--.I . -' . '
pate, j; v, --t- in a, .jv-.-. m:
The sale of the road under the ex
traordinary circumstances was never;
acceptable to the Stab. : A , railroad
that had cost over. $7,000,000 was
almost given away. Everything that
has occurred since the sale has tended:
to confirm much that the Stab said
long ago, and to assure all I careful
observers that the road could have
been completed by the State with but
little additional burden to the people
if! the property had been' retained.
Bat it is but little profit to repine
at the loss or to complain of the past.
We can but trust that the 'foreign
system of doing everything to injure
the people and to build up "interests
abroad! will not pass unchallenged or
unresisted. : Tbe action of the Rich
mond & Danville Railroad ; at this
crisis in the crop prospects of large sec
tions of the State deserves the severest
condemnation and igquiiu characteris-i
ticj of the management of that selfish,
aggressive, grasping and growing
corporation . That Company threa
tens to swallow up every railroad in
the State. A few Iweeks ; ago we
were toldjby a gentleman from Rich
mond, Va., that it had fixed its eyes
on the Raleigh & Gaston and Augusta
Air-Line, and .would never rest until
it had captured or destroyed them.
He said they would have a rival line
unless they could buy, the one we
referred to before, running from
about Cary to Richmond, .Va., via
Oxford, Clarksville and Keysville. :
SOME IMPORTANT LETTEBS ON
; TOPIC OF TUB HOUB.
t ; Raleigh News-Observer, s
1 Ralbioh, August 20,' 1881.
Hon.: Thomas S. 'Kenan, Attorney-
-Dbab Sib: I think it a matter of
great importance to tho people of the
State that the railroads of the State
be subject to such laws as the Gen
eral Assembly shall .i choose, in its
wisdom to pass for their control., . ,
I believe it is oonceded that such
roads as have been chartered since
the l adoption of the constitution of
1868 are subject to such control ; or,
at least, tit is in the power of; the
Legislature to enforce upon them
obedience to ' its ' will. As to roads
chartered before 1868, there is a
strong opinion, in which I do not con
cur,; that they are, in many parweu-.
lars. beyond the reaoh of tbe Legis
latere I say l do hot concur in this
opinion because I do not believe there
b any vested right, as between the
estate ana tne corporation , inat is ine
Creature of the state, which tbe Gen
eral 'Assembly cannot alter or repeal.
Buti be this as it inay, if 1 ihey are
compelled to taice out new cnarsers,
then it will no longer be a matter of
doubt. : 1 . ' ,
I therefore beg to request that you
will I investigate the charters of the
roads chartered before 1 868, and see
if any of them, for any. cause,, have
forfeited their charters; and, if you
find that any road has, i that you will
take such action in the matter as, in
your opinion, the case requires and
the law justifies. . ,
Very respectfully, your obedient
servant. 1 liios. J. jabyis.
r t . - . -
i EXBCTJTIVB DXPABTMBNT, )
Ralkigh. Aug. 20. 1881. f
Hon. Thomas 8. Kenan. Attorney
i Generol : ' '
Dbab Sib : The - State- is bur
dened with a debt of oyer $3,000,000-
for the construction of . the North
Carolina Railroad, and-with a debt of
considerable magnitude for the con
struction of the Atlantic & North
Carolina Railroad. , The State still
owns a' large interest in both of these
roads, yet we see the North-Carolina
Railroad nowsor-operated-asto not
only cripple the Atlantic & H orth
Carolina Railroad, but to cut off the
people of the whole eastern section of
tne istate irom tne ireignt pnvuegeB
of the North Carolina Railroad. This
I get from a circular issued by Sol.
i f m i- t.
Haas general freight agent of the
associated lines of railways (No. 88),
in wnicn ne pronioits any ireigni rates
beyond 4ioldsboro,j to fpomt on the
Atlafl'tidl& North Carolina Railroad.
One of thei results; of this outrageous
proceeding on the part ot . tbe lessees
of the North ? Carolina Railroad is
that the' middle sections of the State,
in wbieh the corn crop has ' almost
been destroyed by tbe . excessive
drought, will not be able to procure
a supply from the east, where, the
crops have beetf more" favored with
rains," except at greatly 1 increased
rates and by circuitous routes. c
,i Thisj action of the managers of the
North Carolina Railroad j, consider
an outrage upon the' people of the
State,' takeir-to vent a litfle personal
spleen, regardless of the rights and
benefits ot the people, v , it I
; I have no , doubt that otjaes- in
fltance might be 'found, in their man-
agement, if not so " glaring, yet per
nicious ' to the "best interest ' of tho;
peopled 1 1
In : vie w of these . facts 1 beg that
you will examine into the lease of the
North ' Carolina Railroad, and the
advisability ' of instituting a suit to
vacate the lease and reoover back tho
road, so that it shall not be operated
against the best interests of the peo
.I.U( t.L ek nsi:lti...l.Ki-i uti.
; Very ; respectfully, . your obedient;
servant, t 5 Thos. J. Jabvis.
Raleigh, N. C, Aug. 25, 1881
To His Excellency T. J. Jarvis, Go
vernor of North. Carolina: - ; ;
Sib: -We, the undersigned, com
missioners appointed by the "act to
provide for the sale of the State's in
terest in the Western North Carolina
Railroad arid for other purposes,"
ratified 29th March, 1880,; do hereby
report to you, in accordance with the
provisions . 01 section 1 o 01 said act,
that"j from time to time, we have e?-:
amined ' the work on the said road,
and find that ; the assignees - ot. the
grantees in said act mentioned, have
failed to prosecute the same with
diligence and energy;! that they have
failed to keep a force of (sic) worfc
on the Ducktown line, after the road
had reached "Asheville, sufficient to
insure its completion to Pigeon River
by the- 1st of July, 1881; and that
they. have failed to complete said
road to that point and to Paint Rock
by the 1st of July, 1881. 1 k
In addition to the foregoing, we
also find, npon examination, that the
company of the assignees are daily.
discriminating most) injuriously in
freights and! charges; against JSortn
Carolina "towns and cities and rail
roads, contrary to the . provisions of
section 20 of said act,' and their con-
tract maae in pursuance tnereor.
Z. 15. Vancb,
J. M. WOBTH. ;
Exkcutivb Dbpabtjibnt, )
j Ralbigh, August 16, 1881. $
Coli A. 8. Bufordy JRichmond, Va.'.;
Djcab Sib: Twenty-Bix days ago
I, with the other Commissioners of
the Western North Carolina Rail
road, addressed a communication to
you and your associate assignees.. Up
to this time none of ps have received
any reply to that communication.
"- I now havei the honor to : forward
to you.a popy; of a letter received; by,
me from the commissioners, on yes
terday, relative to the conduct of the
work on said road and the manage-:
ment thereof in the matter of freight
I I also send you a copy of a letter
I have addressed - to the Attorney-
General of the State, relative to the
lease of the 'North Carolina Railroad,
and also a letter addressed to him on
railroads generally. . - .
1 Unless the. allegations . set - out . in
these papers prove to be untrue Or
the 1 cause of the complaint is speedily
removed, I shall feel it to be my duty
to use i whatever power the State
administration possesses to oust I the
Riohmond Danville l Railroad
people from the control, of any rail
road in this State'in which the State
has a direct or contingent interest.
.. Very respectfully yours, ;
-;tfib & Ji'i Thos. J. Jabvis. '
Death ot David 8. Sanders. i-
Mr. David 8. Sarider8,fone of the oldest
white citizens of 'the county, died at this
residence near Cattle Haynes about eight
miles .from .this, place, after a , lingering
ffiness .yesterday morning. Mr Bandera
came to this county from Onslow some
where ia the neighborhood of 1824 or 1825,
and resided for some time at Topsail Sound.'
He was a j very saccessf ul ; peanut planter
and', was always: engaged prominently-, in
Bgrrculi'ural 'pursuits. He served some
years ago, and very acceptably, aa one of
the Democratic members of the Board of
County r'Commiaaionera .- for this" coun
ty, and . in all the; relations of life he
has been esteemed "torTbia " many good
qualities. --Deceased1'. Waii- about j 73
years of age, and.waB a half-brother of the
William Mumford. who was huog at New
Orlean by order of Ge. Butler, and which
created such a stir thrbugbout the South at
tbe time of this among tbe most disgraceful
occurrences of the late war..,; ' , . j
. i Qauilon ioKaim.
I iWixmNGTCwrfNHU-Aug. 25. ;
JE&Uor of tRe ourna of Commerce i
Is a riote given with, parol condi
tions collectible aa between the origi
nal parties without .'regard to those
conditions t' Oar courts, in this State
hold, not.';. Or in other .words, a note
thus given is subject to ail the con
tingent credits in question as between
'the original parties. Sbuscbibbb. ;
piy.--Between the original par
ties a note is subject to all existing
equities which; can be 'duly estab
he "Boom" la Corn and Wbat! h
j earned it l' - - I 'i '
There is one subject in which we ate all
wont to feel a very lively interest, and; that
is the matter of meat and bread. Touch-
me? the latter: branch of the important
question, it is hardly necessary at thisj late
period to remind our readers that tbe article
of corn has lately been en a regular "boom"
in the various grain markets of the country.
In Wilmington, acknowledged to be one of
the best grain markets In tbe South.the price
of corn has jumped upwards of twenty cents
within the last few weeks.: -: la our issue, or
August 15lh the wholesale quotations were
62 to 63 cents for mixed and C4 cents for
white,' in bulk, 641 to 65 'cents for' mixed
and 65 to 66 cents for white, iq baga. To-day
our quolations are',: from, store, there
beine nacorn offered on the market, mixed
95 cents and white $1 00 to $1 Wi. . j Of
course it u) .well known that tbe drought and
cocsequem anon erops Bave oTougw uuut
this resulL The:CbScago limes, of a recent
date, speaking of corn crops in the West,
sayst "Threes-fifths of a crop, as compared
with last year, appears to be a fair estimate
for the State of Illinois. The crop of 1880,
it must be remembered, however, was ai re
markably large : one. This fact tends to
bring this year's average crop close up to
that' of ordinary years ofproductton and
smaller acreage, f Reporta from Iowa, the
rival of Illinois as a corn producing State,
are riot altogether harmonious. In no siec
tionj however, is a full crop expected. The
varying reports appear to be due to .the
fact that many sections were less severely
visited by drought than others. The yield
compared with last year, is, in some locali
ties, placed as low as 50 per cent., and the
average bushels per acre at 20 to 25, instead,
of the usual 75 or 80 bushels. In Missouri
the drought was severe and long, and the
prospects in that State are that the crops
will be cut down from one-quarter to one-;
halfij The crop of Kansasalso appears
likely to fall considerably below the .ave
rage iof . usual years. In other States the'
drought was more or less.severely felt, and
the crop does not by any means promise to
be a full one, as compared with years of the
'greatest production. I .
in our own mate 01 norm uaronna me
drought has also been very severe. Some
of our leading operators in grain, who
have I correspondents in the .various parts
of the State, think that in the Eastern belt
of North Carolina, embracing' from forty
to nf ty miles above Wilmington, the crop
will be a fair one while in the middle part
of the State the yield will be very short
probably not a half crop and in the
; Western belt of counties the crop will very
likely fall 'short over' one-third. The wheat
crop will be pretty fair in all parts of the
State where it is grown. V:?T - I
... . nr. BUu. ,
(Michigan Medical News.) ;
, The Medical .Bulletin informs ns
that f'Dr. S. W. Bliss, the Presidents
chief physician, is a native of New.
England; a member. of the American
Medical Association, and during the
War was a volunteer surgeon." There
is one Dr. D. W. Blies, now in at
tendance on the President, who
formerly resided in this city arid' at
other points in this State. . He and
his brother left here as volunteer sur
geons, and were present at the battle
of -Bull Run. 'The suspense after
that encounter was for, a time .very
)ainful, but it was in a measure , re
ieved by the following memora
le telegram from Dr. D. W.J:
'Me j and Zenas - is safe." From
hese j historical facts ' it ' t lias
een charged that the President's
'chief physician" is a Michigan manl'
We are under obligations to ourcon
temporary ; for relievin g us of this
imputation. . With this sense of ob4
ligation on us, we are happy ,to be
hble to deny the Bulletin's assertion
that Xr. Bliss is ' a member of the
American Medical Association. He
was a member in 1870, but is not now
Had he been a consistent member he
Wnnlrl tint have heen ; the President's1
chief physician" at this time. He
occupies mat position simpiy uy mo
grace r of cheek, and in violation
Of all rules of ethical propriety. DrJ
Townshecd was first in charge after.
the .shooting, and the case was his.
by all recognized rules,until the family
physician could be called, but Bliss,
crowded him out. Dr. Baxter, the
family physician, was out of the city-
at the time of the Bhootmg, but re-?
turned immediately on receiving the,
news, and presented himself at tbe
White House. Uliss, nowever, re
fused to allow him even to see the
patient. Drs. Townshend and Bax-j
ter were thus both, with the utmost;
shamefacedne8s, defrauded - of their
rights,1 their . gentlemanly instincts,
and the sad circumstances of - the at
tempted assassination preventing a
defenoe of them against Bliss's at
tack.! We cheerfully coincide Bliss's
nativity to New England. ; . . 4
- ' FATAL SHIPWRECK. '
LOSS OF THB BBITTSH MATX. STBAMBB
: tbuton; ok thb south afbicak
1 COAST ABOUT THBBB HtXKDBKl
AND I TWENTY- ETVE LIVES LOST.
: . iBv Teleeranb to the Horning Star.1
LONDOH, September 3. Tbe Standard's
special Trom (Jape Town nas tne 10110 wing:
Survivors . from the. wreck of the Union
mail steamer Teuton state that' two hours
before tbe ship sunK tae boats were low-
ered to a level w.itb tne ouiwarKs, ana pro
vlatnna m'riA rnmnMM nlncpd in them. One
tvat hrotrA lnnnn -f mm if a fantentnffB while
being lowered and six were brought along-
mm a a .a . . -M t SI
siae. . Aoout ininy-nve women ana cuu
dren took their places in them first, when
the water rushed into the engine room, and
tho fitfl.mpr aanlr hv IhA hpftri. takincr down
With her the four boats which were not
rairly clear of the Bhip. ; Jfiigbt 01 tne pas
sengers and' crew who rose to the surface
clung to tbe floating wreckage until picaea
tin hv thnaA vehn riirhted the third bnnt.
At daylight the boats made for . Simons'
Tt.v .11 -aihn were eltaeincr to soara beinir
first taken aboard . .: Tbe Teuton had 256
nasseneers. 85 crew and 20 coolies aboard.
Eleven of the passengers and 25 of the
crew were saved.
Spirits iTurpenrin e
Chatham oourity . boasts of , a
ronater who plays the part of setting hen
and causes eggs to hatch.. s . , . . : - ,
: : Wade Harjis says the 'printer
stuck an 0 too much' 'on hia-figures about '
the NrY. police.- Naughty printer!- .
; w The Cape' Fear river is eighteen
inches' deeps at Fayettevine,-'and this is
lower than it was ever known before; ;
1 1 Can't the Nut Shell 't manage to
send us a daily, instead of two in a bundle? "
We .like dailies. We notice seven Stab
notes without Credit in Pridas , Issue.' , '
4 Concord Sum . It . will be ;re
membered that Stanly county 'wheat took
the premium at the World'd Fair in Lon
don, in 1856, again at Paris.ard later at the
Philadelphia Centennial? '
J v f Toisnot Home: Two Utile boy?,
Bunyan and Laurence Winstead, ; aged
about 15 year?, bods of Redmon and Jor
dan Winstead, left their homes last Satur-.
day night and have not been heard from
since. They left without money or clothing,
except what they had,on. ' 4 - , : ,
It" .'is particularly deshed ? that
the fine wheat, of Stanly conDty. ehall .be
exhibited ' at' Atlanta, and Mr". Charles
McDonald has requested Mr, Sid -Bernt;,
of Albemarle, to procure a bushell, each of
the best red and white varieties to be found : -
in that county lor. thai purpose.; i'm, ii-uq
The Raleigh dtfeedrfte reporta
revivals as follows: Columbia circuit 9 ao-
cessions:- isetnet ia; tjeoversrons mi. -
Lehanoc, Onslow- circuity 18 accessions
Bethany, Randolph circuit, 13 conversions,
6 accessions; Jones circuit 12 conversions, :
9 accessions; Davidson circuit: 11. conver
sions; FrankHnsville circuit 12 conversions.
5 accessions; Salisbury -circuit 26 conver
sions, IV accessions;' Kobeson t circuit '24
conversions, 32 accessions; Chickamaco
mico 20 conversions, 14 accessions; The
Cape 27 accessions; Concord 4 accessions;
Forsyth circuit '8 conversions, ll acces
8ions. '. ' - , " ' J
i Wilson Advance: Died, at his.
residence, near Nashville, N. C., pn Thurs-
uay iiigui, Augubfc xooi, 01 .apopiezy.
Tirmr c t y, r-r n . A -
fiiuiam j.-jlv xiarper, Asq.,- agcu cf years.
r The qotton crop throughout this sec
tion has been materially cut off, and somo"
predict that a threefoarths; fcrop will not
be made, . - Last Saturday , was emi-
nently'the day of runaways, fouif having
taken place in .Wilson on that day; ' One
of them came near resulting seriously. Mr.
Stephen - Boy kin" kft his horse standing
with two - little children in the buggy, and'
pretty soon the, horse, became, frightened
And ran into the iron bars which support!
the awning in front of Geo. D;. Greene &
Co.'s store, throwing the children both vio
lently from the buggy to the ground.'
Their injuries, were remarkably slight con-,
cerning the violence with which they were
preeipitated to the ground. CV- .'
Lihcolnton 5 Progress ; ) V News
reaches us from an entirely reliable source
of a horrible murder at the High Shodla, in
Uaston county. The murderer is a negro
named Jackson Boyd, and the unfortunate
victim was the partner of his bosom, whom'
he promised to love' and obey. The mur
der took nace last Sunday, and the woman
was strangled or choked to death. The
absence of the woman aroused the: suspi
cion of the neighbors, .when the husband
was arrested and confessed the ' crime.
Boyd,' the murderer, said that he had don-'
cealed the body in a deep gully near the
bouse, and search being made it was found
covered with bra sh. He assigned as the
cause lor lue rasa act inav ms , wiie. repeat
edly threatened to leave him, and rather
than seeoier carry tbe threat into execution,
he preferred to kill her. Since bis arrest
he baa manifested unmistakable signs of -insanity,
but before the murder he was
known and recognized as a sane man.
Fayetteville Examiner : Mr.
.Tampa TTvln nf Ihia town 'whn ha a laleltr :
visited southwest Virginia and northwest
ern .North Carolina, represents the condi
tion of things in that country as distressing.
Ordinarily it is a fertile and abundant tec ,
tion of country, but now it is parched and
desolate from the effects of drought.
Mr. John rowers,' formerly a citizen of .
Robeson county,' but for the last few months .
a citizen of Fayetteville, died in this town :
on Sunday last, the 28th. and was buried ,
on the following day at the Fayetteville :
cemetery.' Mr. rowers was. a soldier of
. 1 1010 1 on -
If Mr. Best and his colleagues -were :
not bo absorbed in tbe . construction of the -
Midland Railroad from Goldsboro via
Smithfield, - Pittsboro, and so on to Salis
bury, we would venture to call their atten
tion to a scheme of equal importance, and
naturally connecting itself with- the A. & -N.
C. Railroad. A railroad from Golds- .
boro to Fayetteville would place the C. F; V
& Y. V. Railway in direct connection with
the A. & N, C. at Goldsboro, and would -establish
a competing-line between this
town and the great North Eastern cities, '
which would, without doubt, command a
large' amount of the growing trade. which '
is concentrated here." We say nothing now
of an extension southwesterly to. the C. C.
Railway, as that work is now in the bands .
of the C. !- F. & Y. V. Ra'dway, and
we trust with fair- prospects of success. -
On election day the conduct of tha ne- -groes
at Flea' Hill election grounds was dis- -graceful
in the extreme. .Matthew Cram- -i
Eler was arrested upon a warrant charging ,
im with carrying a weapon . concealed on -his
person, which he had in an altercation v
attempted to draw. He was carried before
Justices McCaskill and Sessoms and tbe -pistol
taken from him, and he was bound -ever
for trial the next day.' Meantime the "
negroes became riotous and demanded the '
arrest of Mr. W. H. Haywood on a similar -charge.
Mr. H. was arrested and 'submit' ' '
ted i to be searched, but no weapon waa v
found on his person and no proof was ad- ,
duced in support of the charge, and he was
discharged. A band of negroes then fol-;,
lowed Mr. Haywood around the grounds -dogging
. and insulting him. - To avoid
further trouble Mr. H. took his horse and .
buggy and left the place for home. There
were' then more than a hundred negroes on -the
ground and only a few whiles. These
facts we obtain from a magistrate who was-.
present. 1 - : : ' -; V-r?-'- ''
- m m m ....
', Hl Presentiment. '
" The following letter, written just a
year before the President's assassina-
tion, has considerable interest in con- j j
nection with other expressions of Mr.,
Garfield which indicate a belief in im- 4
pending disaster: -vi ': - l
' "Mbittob, Ohio, July 2,1880 ;t
1 "Mx Dbab Dalzbix: -I have
your letter and thank yon for it. I -
know you are very sincere when you
say you. congratulate me on the result t
at Chicago; but to me there is.some-' ,
thing sad about it all, that I suppose
neither you nor any man in ; tho
world except myself can' understand. '
Yet I rejoice that I have so many
lum tn mrimtla that . I havA vrir -t
r . .
TT T W .UVMWWW 1.UMW.- mmvw ft ...
lien 10 il eweil 10 give you . a promi- -nent
place in the canvass; 'though I
doubt very inuoh the propriety of myj.
havincr anvthiner to do with matters .
of that sort. I am obliged to you for
all your kind words at every stage of
my progress, and in no formal sense, -subscribe
myself, as ever,.. A. .. ' .)
- i ; "J.i A. Gabfieltx." .1 ...
' ' m mm " '. , i!.-
!Pere Hyacinthe (Loyson) will J
visit the United States in the spring.