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PBOGRESS, EDUCATION AND POT.
! EKTY. ' -
It is the duty of the press to teach
and to bless. As we conceive it no
paper; does its duty if it fails to lay
all the information possible before its
' readers concerning their interests and
the condition" of their section. Un
less they know what is lacking how
shall they remedy the deficiency ? . If
they rest in the "conviction that all is
well that they are quite up to the
high-water mark of a highly pro
' gressive age, and all the time they
are a hundred years behind," what in
centive is left ? How shall they be
stimulated to uncommon exertion,
and with might and main strive to
reach the goal of success, if they rest
under a delusion ? "We are for plac
ing the exact facts before " our read-
pts. find lff. t.lipm Irnnw t.hn wnrsf.
. 7 , '
For some years we have striven
to awaken an - educational interest
among our people. "We have con
sumed many quires of paper in i. the
preparation ot editorials presenting
facts and urging reasons concerning ;
;' education in North Carolina. "We
have tried to cooperate with others
: who were endeavoring to arouse the
public: mind to a proper considera
tion of the great question that con
cerns North Carolina. The people
,have not been deceived. They know
that the illiteracy "of the State is
something to "be deplored. They
know that North Carolina has been
behind the Northern States and some
'portions of the- South in develop
ment and progress because it was be-;
i hind in education. Intelligence is
the great motor that moves the ma
chinery of the world. ."Where you
find the greatest number of educated
people you will nn the greatest a.c-
tivity, prosperity and wealth. ;
A few weeks" ago an intelligent
' gentleman of this city, said to us that
he had travelled recently in Ohio and
' .'"Knf.TinVv : ! TTipqp - ftt.atpn Ho fin nri-
posite sides : of the Ohio river. The
thrift, enterprise, activity and pro
: gress of the' former is so much great
er than that of the latter he was
much impressed thereby, and it per
plexed him.; He saw: that naturally
. Kentucky was- the superior State, but
was far in the rear in all that, consti-
l- solved the diflBculty after awhile. He
found ithe Kentuckians very, much
more ignorant than their neighbors
across the - river as a, class. They
were less educated. That explained
itt uuuo but; uituee ui iuc uutcicuuu 111
tne ncnes anq progress oi tne two
Wliot'tlio -nrTirwlo Snt.Ti n&aAa ia crl.
I T .
dor can deny it. ; Ignorance abounds
from Maryland to the Gulf and from
the Atlantic to the Mississippi river.
The money needed now' is immense.
It is true something very praise wor-
thy is being done for the education
; of the masses, but it is a drop in the
.bucket! Rev. Dr. J. L. M.' Curry,an
v Alabamaian, and a statesman in the
i best sense of that word, who is the
; Secretary of the Peabody Education
ai Jb und, says that , it will require
$40,000,000 annually for the educa
' tional purposes of the Southland that
' not one-fourth of this can be raised
Dr. Curry neither exaggerates the
illiteracy or the deficiency in money.
;North Carolina, with its nearly mil
lion and a half people, needs at least
$3,500,000 to make the public schools
; equal to the demands of I the people
- and the best educational methods.
Suppose every man and woman in
. North Carolina was educated well.
Suppose every child in the State oyer
seven and -under sixteen years of age
was at a good school. ; Suppose" that
these schools were for eight months
in the. year. Suppose the standard
of scholarship , was - high and the
grade of teachers excellent. Can
any man tell what a change would be
wrought from Currituck to Chero
kee in .five years ? We venture to
say that the wealth of; the State
would double in one decade. But
can those things ever be ?
Dr. Curry " stowed in a recent
speech .why the South" was poor finan
cially why it could .not pay any
more taxes than it did. He said the
South . could remedy - the - evil to a
great extent.1 - He ,said the peopte
raised nothing for themselves.' They
had to sell all they raised to pay for
what they consumed, and what they
had bought on credit. This' is the
strain of the Stab. v We have - sung
that for lot these man a: years. Month
after month have we ' shown up the
folly of such a course one that ends
What chance can the ' South i have
as long as it buys what it ought to
raise and can raise. The Baltimore
American thus states the case:,1 .
- ?'Home production will make the ' South
rich, and at the- same time independent
Now, they have to buy 40,000,000 bushels
of wheat,. 170, 000, 000 bushels of corn, 80,
000,000 bushels of oats and 4,000,000 tons
of hay costing more than $150,000,000 per
annum, to uiese must be added, bacon,
pork, cheese, butter and live stock. The
general result of this system of bad economy
is to make the cost of producing cotton
nearer 8 cents a pound than 4 cents, which
it should not exceed." . :
There is no excuse whatever why
the South does not raise all it con
sumes ' and much more its ' corn,
"wheat, rice, sorghum, oats, hay, pota
toes, vegetables, ? peas ; its cattle,
horses, sheep, hogs. All of these
can be raised, in great excess. " The
cotton crop is expended in buying
thesathings. : The North gets it all.
No wonder, then, that there is
nothing left to give to education.
Whenever the South learns two
simple lessons it will , begin to grow
rich : first, that 3,500,000 bales of
cotton and a two-thirds annual crop
of fine tobacco - will fetch just as
much money as 5,000,000 bales and a
full crop of fine tobacco will ; and,
second, that home supplies should be
under all circumstances the first con-,
sideration. Let the cotton and to
bacco crops be not more than two
thirds what they were in 1880
f or the- next six years, and both would
fetch double what they sold for in
1880. If two-thirds of these crops
was raised then the needed home
supplies would be Taised, and the
$200,000,000 expended annually , in
that way would be saved, and the
cotton and tobacco crops, would fetch
more money than they now do. Then
there . would ;be ; a surplus for the
schools. Under such : a changed or
der of things J; North Carolina would
be able to raise at least a million arid
a half doHars annually for school
purposes, and possibly- much more.
But we expect no such wise action.
We can hope only for improvement.
ANOTHER RAID ON THE POCKETS
OF THE PEOPLE.
' There ia a class in the North who
are opposed to any reduction of the
internal revenue tax or of the tariff.
They pretend to. -believe that the
present surplus $100,000,000 annu
allyis not more than enough to
meet all demands. Say these finan
ciers, the pension claims for 1882 will
require all of $100,000,000, besides a
deficiency already, existing of $20,
000,000. . Then a new Navy is, to be
built, and certain very costly enter
prises, like deepening the Mississippi
river, &c; are to" be engaged in, and
more money will be needed than will
Of alLthe rascally frauds yet at
tempted, as we said in a ' former
article,1 not even- excepting the Star
Route swindles, this pension fraud
business" heats .them all. Commis
sioner Dudley asks for. $120,000,000
for the pension appropriations for the
next - fiscal year. He says 1 40,000
pension claims will be allowed this
year. The whole thing is a swindle.
Many cases of palpable . frauds under
the law are cominir to light. The
Boston Traveller? for" instanoe, says:
"Cases are - frequently coming' to ;our
notice, one or two of which we have re
cently mentioned as illustrative of hosts of
others.. "We "mention another that without
doubt could in its essential features vbe a
cood manv times reduDlicated. A man in
a New England town has recently obtained
$1,700 arrearages, and isnow receiving $8
Ser month, on - the -ground that he was a
ependent father deprived of the support
of his son. who died: in . the service. The
facts are that " the son Iwas a miserable,
worthless follow, who for - years before his
enlistment was only a constant bardau and
anxiety to his lather, and there, was not the
remotest probability that he would or could
have ever been a support to his father; yet;
some eighteen years after the death of the
son, the lather, who Idrv twelve 'years had
held a lucrative Government position, turns
up a aepenaent, ana procures - a pension
with full arrearages, -, . , . a ' i
It is well enough, for the press and
the people .1 to watch ?. this pensioi
fraud business. It threatens to be as
burdensome as the .war debt itself.
and to survive years after 'said debt
fEANTASTIO TUICBLS. '
Mr. S. F. Phillips, formerly of this
State, is acting Attorney General of
the United States. He does not give
satisfaction to either si&e' The"leaU
ing Republican papers have cauter
ized him. ItJs ail because -tt his ill-
advised attempt to stifle justicel ; II
will be remembered that Mr. Ai M.
Gibson was appointed by Attorney
General MacYeagh a special agent
of the Department of Justice. He
went to work to ferret out the Star
Route rascalities, and has made a re
port in , which he makes some rather
startling exposures. The fact that .
they were true created a howl, and
prompted Mr. Phillips,'" clothed in
brief authority to make an exhibit
of himself that is described by the
American Register as 'official pom
posity." Some how this Republican
worthy appears in a new role. Sam
my has never been credited with very'
much honesty of intent in joining
himself unto the Republican party, :
for Sammy has been an inveterate,
chronic oflBce-seeker and office
holder from the first. He was
a little late in 'coming over," but
he has ..been well rewarded.;
Whilst we have not been among those
who wrote severe things concerning
him we have never given . him credit'
for the smallest degree of honestr con-
viction in allying himself with the
party of pelf and plunder. Like"
Longstreet, and the .other men of
mark in the South who joined the
dominant . party, he got office. He
was not one of the "disinterested pa-?
Iriots." Just in proportion as he had
ability, learnings . and - a certain fa
miliarity with the philosophy of go-;
yernment and the deviating nnder-;
lying principles of parties, was he to;
be censured for - turning against his
people in the.hour ofJJ their extremiT
ty. Mr. Phillips knew . better than
to act ' as he did. His whole life
should have prevented such a politi
cal summersault. . He . feathered his
nest welL They say he is a big "man
in Washington and scarcely recogf
nizes his old acquaintances. We do
not know how this is, but he is re
ceiving just now such attentions from
the newspapers that must be any
thing else than gratifying to his
'official , attitudinizing and personal
vanity. ' vi i-v; ; r I
As we understand it, Mr. Phillips
does not-undertake to show that Mr.
Gibson's facts are not trustworthy
that his report is false J but he raises
an impertinent question of official eti
quette and undertakes to inquire as
to the character.in which Mr. Gibson
appears whether- as- agent or detec
tive. He turns from the weightier
matters of the , law to tithe mint,
-anice, and cummin, ' He shuts his le
gal eyes to the enormities of the great
rascalities whilst he mounts - his legal
Rozinante and goes tilting at the
windmills of his own erecting. Whilst
Gibson is intentupori exposing frauds
upon the people's pockets,.. Mr. Sam
Phillips, acting Attorney General of
the United States, is showing that he
is of immense dignity: and conse
quence and in true, Hudibrastic way
" "He can distinguish and divide,
A hair 'twixt South and Southwest side'
The able New York Times, Repub
lican as it is, does not spare Mr. Sam
Phillips, late of North , Carolina., . It
pickles him for his assumption of un
wonted .dignity and "commanding
importance," and says he "seems to
have no eyes or ears for anything
else." It says, vigorously.and point
edly; . . ;
"To him a matter of mere official eti
quette is apparently more than the interests
of Government, than the interests of justice
in the pending' trial. Iff Mr. Phillips were
one-half as earnest in the prosecution or
Star route thieves as he is in chasing an.
t; i. a. x. : -T Jl v: . Tit
imaginary bujiit upuu uuuscu, uio pusiuuu
in this matter would not awaken : painful
apprehensions in Washington or elsewhere.
The fact is that the actinz Attorney General,
like some other Government officials, needs
to be reminded in a way which shall -com
mand instant attention that the star route
conspirators must be tried,J convicted and
punished.". ; : v .; ;
. Mr. Sammy,aoting Attorney Gen
eral, must have sauinned a little bit
when' he 'read the very plain rebuke
of the Times, one of. his owni house
hold. - - The. Democratic papers' have
treated ; our lat " Tar Heel Hadlcal
exponent to such castigation' as his
offence appeared to require. We
give one sample. iThe able organ of
the party at -Washington, the Ameri-.
can Register:, says of ..Mr. Phillips's
absurd posing:- ,i j
'The . uneemlv exhibition which the
act ins Attortiey-General and his. sunerser-
viccabler clerk havo made of themselves is not
calculated to weaken the suggestion attribu
ted to 2r. MacVeagh that efforts to
bring Brady and Dorsey to "Justice would
be thwarted by,- certain official influences
here, and the ridiculous and pompous in
dignation of Mr Phillips and his matt Fri
day at the sending of -Mri Gibson's report
to the Lepartment ot Justice, would seem
to indicate that' the charges . made against
Bfady and his StftRroute confederates-em
bodied a personal indignity to them- which
needed to be resented m the promptest and
most public manner. We fear that these
officials, as well as some of our professional
brethren, will learn, soon or late,"j that the
people who have been ; plundered by Star
route agencies are more anxious to arrive at
the exact truth- in regard to this stupendous
yillainy than to cavil at the means
such . corruption and rascauty
earthed." ' -:r .
That man who above all others was
wisest and also knew most! of the
human heart, Baid this : . ; .
' . ,"But man, proud man I
Drest in a little brief authority; '
Most ignorant of what he's most assur'd,
llis glassy essence-rUKe an angry ape, - .
.Flays such fantastic tnets Derore high
As make the angels weep.'
Col. J ohn W. Forney, editor of the
Philadelphia Progress, died yester
day. He had been a prominent edi
tor for more than; thirty years and
was the author of three or four books.
He was a man of nluch mental clev
erness but without genius or great
ness. He was a man of generous im
pulses, broadly charitable in his views
and opinions, and a .warm friend of
the South.- His paper -is Iridepen-
dent Democratic. r For sixteen years
or more he affiliated with the! Repub
licans, but he . supported Hancock
heartily with tongue and pen, and
since then has been
quent in favor of
earnest and elo
party and a restoration of good feel
ing between the sections. He was a
Jeffersonian Democrat before the
war and he never got weaned from
the grand old principles of liberty
and law. ' He was" prolably 65 years
of age.. He has been a conspicuous
figure in his day and was well known
at home and in Europe.
"The War for a season which did fail.
Now trebly thundering shook the gale."
"1 y ' . rSCOTT.
: The fight over the Western North
Carolina Railroad is renewed; this
time by the Governor of the State.
In the News- Observer of Wednesday
he - appears in a five-column article.
We do not purpose copying the arti
cle, as we have published in full none
that has preceded, v It is a perspicu
ous and plausible document, and un
replied to and unanalyzed is " well
calculated to please those who antag
onize Senator "Vance in his great
fight with the Big Buford Syndicate!
We have but little doubt that Sen
ator Yance will be able to reply sat
isfactorily to Gov. Jarvis's' defence
and assault, for it is both, upon , the
main points. The latter seems to be"
successful in replying "to some three
of Senator Vance's . pointsj which
after all, are not vital to thes discus
sion. As we understand the j matter,
the important facts remain unassail
ed, and Senator Vance thereon stands
vindicated. i t .
, The tw6 important truths, facts;
remain untouched: first, the Big Bu
ford Syndicate, ' through their own
needless and voluntary 'delair, let so
many months glide by unimproved
that they failed to comply with the
terms of the contract,and were forced,
as a consequence of neglect on their
part, to ask for an extension of time.
Second, that the Big Buford i Syndi
cate : did in many instances violate
the agreement or contract in discrim
inating against North Carolina towns
and individuals, and in.- doing so did
violate the spirit and letter of the
contract. ;lf these "things are t true,
then the B. B. S. had no claims what
ever upon the long-suffering,the mag
nanimity, the liberality or sympathy,
of the Commissioners, and Senator
Vance showed only a decent and pro
per regard for the welfare of .his peo-i
pie when he refused to Bigri an exten
sion r. which f gives Jv actually 4 seven
months additional : time to the road:
. We dare say that it is our delib-.
erate opinion, Gov. Jarvis ; or any
one else to the contrary, that if there
had been no Zebulon B. Vance on the
Commission there would have been
no serious attempt to build a road to
Ducktown, and that the Stab was
right when it declared. that the road
under the contract with Best would
never be built.: We have not the
slightest belief that when Buford
and his set assumed.; Best's ; obliga
tions that they had the remotest pos
sible idea of ever "throwing a spade;
ful of ,dirt" on the Ducktown branch.
We believeL their action, after as
suming the responsibilities ? of the
contract, show that they, had no such
intention, Vance-: spurred ,. them up '
to do their; duty.- :-, '.u ,,-
There has been a dozen t or twenty
side issues brought into i the discus
sion- by-the (B. , B.. 8. andLitSi awift
friends. ?i-The attorneys got some ad
vantage over Senator Vance in techni
calities and ; dates, it may be. . And
so with the Governor. His paper is
Well prepared. There is a sort of
clever art about ' the way : facts; and
dates are handled. 'But as far as the
Star is concerned, it has this to say :
Grant that Senator Vance's memory
as-to dates - or certain points is at
fault; grant that' the Governor makes
an ingenious and. plausible defence of
his action; the real question still re
mains nave thcBig Buford Syndi
cate failed in any particular to carry
out the terms of the contract;! have
they either failed as to time and by
their own wilful neglect, or have they
discriminated against the citizens and
towns of 'North Carblina inltheir
charges? These are the vital points,N
as we understand them, and neither
the two Commissioners who stand by
the B. B. si nor the attorneys for the
same, as far as we have seen, have
been able to make the opposite apr;
pear.; :. . -!; r' ;;4"4;l:-Sl? ;
- These facts remaining, Senator:
Vance, stands vindicated, and! the
people of : North Carolina owe j him
renewed gratitude for his constancy,:
his courage his devotion in their be
half. For twenty-five years he has
been the friend and servant of the
people. It will be indeed an! evil
day for North ? Carolina ; when its
people turn j upon Senator Vance to
-i?end him bcausa b hMdared-ta op
pose the policy and plans of a soul
less corporation that cares as much
for North Carolina as the remorseless
tiger cares for the crouching : animal
it will devour presently, 'l : j-
We do not touch v upon what the
Governor says in defence or explana
tion of his ! promises to; th.e, Boston
Syndicate when he signed the mem
orandum drawn up by Maj. Dowd,
May 25, 1881. He promised certain
things therein. ' If he ever kept his
have not heard 6f . it or
read of it. I We must note the confi
dent opinion of the Governor 1 that
f there is not any cause to apprehend
danger to ;the people" from giant
corporations. -Whilst many of the
great men of botH parties are sound
ing warnings of the aggressiveness
and ' power i for evil of , the monopo
lists our Governor is satisfied that
there is really no danger to be feared
from them, f - Benevolence and a pub
lic spirit of a niost unselfish " charac
ter have always !' distinguished mo
neyed corporations, especially of the
B. B. S. type. . , Sanguine Governor!
May his confidence not turn out to
be. misplaced. We suppose Senator
Vance will be heard : f rom after
awhile. - . i
Colored People Fair. k
"We learn that the indications are very fa
vorable for success to the Colored People's
Carolina Agricultural Society's Fair, which
comes off at Wadesboro on the 20th, 21st
and 22d of this month. We hope every
thing possible I will be don to encourage
them. Alluding to ' the matter our friend
of the Intelligencer 8&yB: , ; ; .
"We note with pleasure that there is a
wide-spread interest among the colored peo
ple, and that they seem determined to ac
complish something - before they are done.
The leaders in; the movement are not; mak
ing much noise, but they are quietly can
vassing and pushing ' the enterprise j with
great vigor.? Throughout all the counties
in this section! of the State the Pair; ques
tion is being agitated, while inr some of the
South Carolina counties . much feeling is
manifested.' If the weather is favorable, it
is perhaps safe to conjecture that there will
be quite five thousand people in attendance.
Among other features calculated to attract
a crowd, there will be three brass bands in
attendance." ., , , - ,
Navassm Guano Company. .
-The annual meeting of the stockholders
6f the Navassa Guano.' Company was; held
at the office of the Company in this city,'
yesterday at 11 a. m., when the following
"gentlemen were elected for the .ensuing
year: ' ' 1 - . ;
iPresident Hon..R, R. Bridgera. ;
- Treasurer and Secretary Donald i Mc
Rae, Esq. - " ' - 1
Superintendent Col. C. L. Grafflin. ;
- Supervisor of Agencies Col. W. I. De
Rosset. Directors Walter E. Lawton, John C.
Grafflin, W. S. Dunan, R R Bridgers,
Donald McRae, Edward Kidder, Smilie
A. Gregg. - 1 -
3 The report ''of ' the Treasurer was very
satisfactory. Bhowin? the increasing popu
larity of the Company's fertilizers, the de-;
mana ior wnicn Keeps iniiy up to their en-
larged facilities for manufacturing. . i -. . ; ,
yU; -y ;. fWffM
Clinton and Point Caswell Railroad
;" : 'Meeting: In Clinton. -:-'."-; :.
An enthusiastic meeting of the citizens
of Sampson county was held at Clinton on
Friday evening the 9thinst, to' consider
and subscribe to the proposed railroad from
that place " to Point Caswell, in Pender
county ( ! ' f - '. - ' t f
Judge A. A. McKoy waa called to the
chair and made, an 'excellent speech. . Mr.
Ferrell was made secretary. ' ' Remarks were
also made by E. "W. Kerr, 'Esq., Col. John
Ashford, J. A. Ferrell and R. P. Paddison,1
Esqs. , which were received with applause
and much enthusiasm. !i - '
- The- hooks of subscription were opened.
Several thousand dollars iwere immediately
subscribed by those present, and the opinion
was I confidently expressed that v $25,000
would be subscribed in Clinton and $25,000
merely the three townships through which 4
the road will belocated. , f
A-icommittee to solicit subscriptions and
report to an Adjourned meeting to be held
on the 29th inst. was appointed, consisting
of the following named gentlemen T Hon.
A. A, McKoy, J. A. Ferrell, J. R Bearnan,
C, C. Patrick, J. A. Athford, Everett Tur
t nerEL B. Giddings,"W. H. Moore, fA.F.
The meeting' adjourned with sanguine i
hopes of success in this new and important ;
enternnse. , , , . s . :
A Young Railroad. j' .
. Jttessrs. . wufcinson & Fore, of Alma, ! on
the Carolina Central road,! about two miles
east; of j Shoe,: Heel, Kobeson county, are;
quite au enterprising firm They are con-:
structing a raikoad of their own, and al-'
though it is not quite equal to those of
some ot the sindicates and railroad kings, t
it will, when completed, be quite suited to;
their purposer It is intended to run from!
their place to Little Rock,j. S. C, just jbe-l
yoild the border of Robeson, a ; distance! of
about thirteen miles, about six of which (to:
Alf drdsville) have been constructed upon the r
best- of , cypress ties.) .They ; already;
have a locomotive ' engine suited to
their purpose, which was built expressly ;
for them.- .The road runsthrough a richly
timbered section, and is intended to supply,
their mills with timber, , but at the same;
time they expect to make ft pay for itself in
freighting guano, cotton, naval stores, etc., 1
in their season. f . .;.i - - ;
There are seVeral -other "short lines'! iu!
Robeson and Bladen, built for the purpose'
of transporting timber. J ' j 1
Foreljcn Shipment!. j - ,
The following shipments to foreign ports;
were made yesterday; The German barques
Amanda, Uapt. bhultz, t for JOayaguez,
Porto Rico, by Messrs. . Pirsley &.Wiggins,i
witn a4,v4 ieet oi lumDer, valued at 3,
771 21 ; And the' Schr. Jno. . S. Ingrahavi,
Capt. Packard, for Ponce and ArrdyoJ
Porto Rico, by Messrs. Edward Kidder
Hons, with 238,07 feet lumber, 100,000!
shingles and 16 barrels tar, valued at $4,4
846 65. ! Total valuation of foreign exports
for the day, $8,617 86. -I
For tlia Pnltinttarv.L. i- .
- The foUowingfconvicts lof ther lae term'
of the Criminal Court were taken to Ra
leigh yesterday, in charge of Deputy Sheriff
Daniel Howard: ,
Wm. iPhlnney, coloredj perjury, 6 years.
Wm. Price, larceny, colored, 2 years, ;
Amanda Furman, colored, perjury,'! 13
months. - . . ' . i
Also Wm. Hope, colored, the escaped
convict. '- f
Deatn of a North Carolinian In Ala4
bama. ; : : ' .j:4.--':;!'i(:-:
' Dr John W, Sandf ord, a nativa of . Fay?
etteyille, in this State, but a resident of Mo
bile, Alabama, since 1870, died in that city
on the 5th inst.; . Dr. Sandford entered the
U. S. Navy as - Assistant Surgeon in 1858,r
resigning when North.. Carolina seceded
from the Union. , He, then entered the Con
federate States Navy, and was in charge of
hospitals at this place, Smith ville and Sa
vannah, during the war: Since 1870 he had
held the position of book-keeper and cashier
in the Western Union Telegraph Office at
Mobile.; : ' M f
P Capt. Price, of. the wrecked schooner
Ourran, which, went tol; pieces at "Corn
Cake" Inlet a few -days ago has arrived
here, and states that he and his crew made
a very narrow escape. - The small boat in
which they bad taken (refuge when the
schooner struck and commenced going to
pieces, filled with water and they would
have been swamped but for the fact that
the schooner swung : round just at the criti
cal moment in such a way as to throw them
to the leeward, thus breaking off the force
of the sea and giving them comparatively
smooth water in which t relieve their boat
of the water and save -themselves.
Of the f! ' cargo, , nine bales of ' cotton,
six of which belonged to Mr. Dougald Mc
Millan, two to Mr. R J. jNixon and one to
Mr. -t W. H. Woolvin, and from sixty to
eighty barrels , of turpentine, with a few
bags of peanuts, have been" saved from the
wreck and were on the way up the river at
last accounts, on , a small schooner.- The
peanuts, however, are said to be in a badly
damagedcondition. -! ; f 1 3 "-. ":::f " f-' Jfii -1 :-
Important to Snjpmastera. ' . - ' 1
.- Dr. Thomas F. Wood, Secretary of the
North Carolina Board of j Health, has . laid
on our table a pamphlet entitled "A Guide
to Shipmasters Visiting the Cape Fear and
Other Rivers," 'which ' doubtless contains
many valuable suggestions; which shipmas
ters generally would do well to treasure lup
and heed. The pamphlet can be had free
of charge on application at the office of the
Secretary in this city. I .
The Alma & Xiittle kock Kailroad, re
ferred to in yesterday's Stab, is a regularly
incorporated institution, a .-charter for ithe
same having been obtained by Messrs. JJ B".
Wilkerson and P. A. Fore from 'the last
Legislature, as will be found by. reference
to chapter 233, Laws of . 1881, a fact which,
we and . doubtless many others had 'lost
sight of. The capital : stock is" $15,006,4
which may be increased to $100,000.:: j-.
Important to .Tar Blaker. i t t ; . -. .
- We learn that a new rule has been adopt
ed by buyers of tar in tnis city to the fol--lowing
effect: All barrels weighing over
800 pounds will hereafter be subject to a
deduction or ; discount ,'of one-tenth . in the
price"; all over 310 two-tenths, and all over
320 three-tenths. :: It - will be - important
therefore, for makers of i tar to be careful
and have their barrels made , as nearly as
possible in accordance with the- standard
weight; which is 280 pouuda'- 'P i f-
Monroe' Express: The cotton re
ceipts at this place . for this season, to the
first day of December, were 8,280 balesj r
' Warsaw J3rief. Mention:' Ve
deeply regret to learn that Mrs. Lewis G
Bass, of Magnolia township, died last week. 7
She had been in ill health for along time.
'Raleigh. Visitor:- Mr.,A.,H.
Dowell will begin the publication of a pa
per here about the middle of January, to .
be called the Daily Chronicle. It - wfll be .
independent in politics. v. : -, j v
Durham Recorder rThe rapid 7
increase in our tobacco manufactures 6mce
last J anuary is a wonder to every 6ne. Last -'
year there were - sold in Durham, to our '
manufacturers $600,000 worth of stamps;
While fronv'June 1st, 1881, to June lst,
1882, there Will bo more than $1,200,000 :
worth of stamps sold, and .the business is - "
increasing every month. ' , "
? Elizabeth Gity Economist: Mrs. '
Ferebee Perry died in Perquimans, at her
sou's residence, on. Tuesday,- the 29th; aged r
70 years. -Mrs. "Martha Corprew, wife .v5
of John Corprew; died near Plymouth, on ;
the '27th ult. ' The Old Dominion
Steamship . Company will have to put some ;
more steamers on their lines to points con
necting with the railroad. The New Berne
and. Pamlico are tasked beyond their qapa- ti;;
city. The negro rioters who were m- . .
carcerated at -the fast term of the Superior
Court, Judge Bennett presiding, ? hare all
been liberated by . the. clemency , of Gov. w
Jarrisr.' 1 ' ,
Elizabeth City .Carolinian: Jas,
BMunden; of lltiJJermahin this county,'1
died---on the 21st ult p and last, week hia:
gnef-stneken widow foDowedAiim - to the -grave,.leaving
seven small children.- How
sad. Trade is brisker in Elizabeth City-
now man at any ume since ine war.- - ' . -
The colored people will hold a fair on the ;; ' .
grounds of the Albemarle ' Agricultural So- ,. -;'--. ::
ciety, on the: 27th' and ,28th of this month.'. t::. v .
- Courtesy is a powerful refiner. .Treat
even a base man with respect and. he will-; ?
make at least one desperate - effort to be re--.'.,"-spectable.
. . . . ' '.'-J -v
Ex-Gov. Holden, of North Caro-Vv
lina, in a letter to the 1tegfi3Obmter,f
writes: "As the result of appeals to , Presi- - ' . , .
dent Johnson, while I -was m Washington 'v l--in
May, 1865, he did for this, his native c ; 'r ;"
State, what he did for no other Southern K ,-'
State. He authorized me to collect and sell y
all the cotton, rosin, wagons, horses, mules, : f''
and indeed all the property-which had be-"" C--- -.',
longed to Gov.Vance's war department,and - , . '
use the proceeds in the work of "restoration,' ; - Vv "
as he' called it. He also, as the result of Ai. "
cogent argument written for me by the la-;: r
mented John Al Gilmer, and copied and V?V .
forwarded to" me, released to the private - 'v."'r-..:'
stockholders the Piedmont f Railroad from :.- ,- .
Danville to Greensboro, -which was then in . ;
process of confiscation; by the- general gov- ; ' ;
ernment as a Confederate war road, ; Gov.' - j. ,
Worth, who was -treasurer, collected under - " . . . . -my
direction and sold the property; thus "v:-; : ,
given by President Johnson to the State at
my requests . The amount realized for it in" . -: .
cash was about one hundred and fifty thou- -.; .
sand dollars. This amount, with seven v - -T -.
thousand five hundred dollars allowed me H;;;
by President Johnson for office expenses,
sufficed for all State expenses for seven;-';.- V.
months." -''-.- ' m , -i
: Raleigh News-Observer : . The
ninety-fifth annual communication of the V. .
Grand Lodge of Ancient Free and Accept- v - ' " -ed
-Masons of Nbrth.Carolina Was convened Z
at Masonic Hall, in this city, oa Tuesday ' f
evening, and opened in ample form.'- The ! ' :J
committee on credentials reported - eighty
three lodges represented, which numberhas
been largely augmented since. - The Grand
Master delivered a very able address, giving
vaiaaum iui uiuiauuu mau ve w , uie uuum ; , -tion
of the Order in this. Stater ' The' very -"; '
interesting report of ; Superintendent J ll. .
Mills, of the Orphan Asymm,was presented
and referred to the , Orphan Asylum com-
mittee: He stated i. at- -the . contributions - ;
for the past year to this noble charity by
the people were quite liberal, notwithstand
ing the severe drought which has crippled 7';
every interest throughout the State: The
Grand Lodge elected J. H. Mills Superin--' ,
tendent of the Orphan Asylum," and ' the -
following Grand officers jf H. F. Grainger,-: .
of Goldsboro, Grand Master; Robert Bing- : .
ham, of - Mebanesville, Senior Grand ;War-.
den; C. H. Robinson, of Wimiington, Ju
nior Grand Warden; Wm. E; Anderson, of "
Raleigh, Grand Treasurer; Donald W. ' . .
Bain, of ' Raleigh, Grand' . Secretary... : :
. From an article elsewhere! printed we
gather that Mr." Best expects to- go ahead -with
his road; and that t Governor Vance' is
hopeful that the. Midland will in the end ' i
control the Western North Carolina, and ::
make it a part of a through lino from Beau-. '- -fort
to PamtRock.i4-i A little daughter V
of Mr. John Doyle, who lives near Riley's'
X Roads, Wake county, was burned to
death on Monday last .The parents had
locked two of the children in the house and .
gone aWay. We-learn that the.Uni-;
versity Railroad ."will be completed to with-"
in two miles of Chapel Hill by next week, : :.
and ' :as soon;as completed CoL Andrews
will put on a train to irun direct from' this
point near Chapel Hill to Raleigh," arriving ;
here every morning; and returning every : f
evening;.;;';";;- . ' : y ' "''" !
Tarboro 5 Southerner: Ors
That the postoffice in Tarboro will soon
change hands,1 and that W.' P. Williamson, r -Esq.,
- will be the new; postmaster, v.
Col. David McDaniel, once a resident -of K
Hash, the great turfman of New Jersey, :
has sued Justice McMahon- f or $35,000 for
false imprisonment.; CoL DcD. borrowed
$100 "from the Justice, and left his fine ' v,
mare. Lady "Alice, as security;-' The Jus--tice
declared there was an out and out sale, "
whereupon Col; MeD.-forcibly took his --!".
horse and was locked. up.. The CoL. was
honorably, discharged. . It. our mer-
chants, are not - coining :cash then- appear-''
ances are very , deceptive. ,." All the stores
are crowded during business hours every ..
day. : While m Rocky Mount . laBt V
Thursday Dr. R C. Tillery showed usa :
letter tendering hurt the chairs of 'Anatomy .
:and: Physiology, ini the- Medical School in
St. Louis; Chas. H. King's steam en-; 4
girie, employed in running the cotton gin '
at Mr. Cornelius Staton's, about five mues ;
from town, blew up on last Friday morn- -.;
ing, shattering the engine into fragments
and badly . scalding : two -men,' - break- . -ing
the arm " and legs - of one of . them. - ,
Maj. nenry J. Rogers, Vice President, -and
Capt. C. L. Me Alpine,, chief ..engineer
of the S. & R R.- R, passed through to
Williamston, last Friday, on business con- -uected.
with the above road. They returned
late yesterday afternoon and informed us
that work will be commenced next week
upon the Williamston and Tarboro portion,
the contract having been let to H. - D. Rob
inson. " The building of the road, .we are'
assured, is a fixed fact for the near future, ' ,
as all the' iron and spikes have . been pur- -
chased, and things - are working smoothly, ;
-Dr. A. B. Noble made with two plows
sixty-five bales of cotton on fifty4wo acres, , ,
and four orf uve bales were 'beaten out in -the
patch. Dr. N.. says .Thos. Griffin, (a
Colored tenant of 'his) made 'twenty-nine -and
i one-third bales on twentyrfive acres,
and in addition to this, two -hundred and -fifty
bushels of corn, forty bushels of . peas,
two hundred bushels ofpotatoes and five .:
stacks of fodder. - We were informed 1
by: Assistant Secretary A-WI Arrmgton, 1
that the Rocky Mount-Fair receipts were . "
$6,815 79; the' disbursments , $5,737 83, ,
leaving a clear balance of $1,077 83. There -were
822 entries, and 205 premiums, valued
at $314 i'.,
j AParis dispatch of the 7th to the
London Dailv Neto- says Abbe Bichery; t. :
chaplain to Pere Hyacmthe, has been re
ceived into membership ; by the jAmerican.
Protestant congregation t Rome. ; v- " -;.