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Til E ABUSES AND DANGERS OF
DIRECT TAXATION.' j . -; I :
iMr. Tucker begins his paper in the
'Forum on "Indirect Taxation" by
reviewing the history of the cmoney
power" in the British system.! We
cannot dsal with that review, cleat as
it is and. directly connected as
with the evils of the system
nrpvnils in nnr nnn InnJ
"money power" in both England and
the United States has al way kept
close to political power, and at last it
' islhe controlling influence J in the
councils of our country. In (he for
mation of the Constitution the purse
was transferred : frorn tho States to
. ' . . iL i, . T '
tne UonreHH, lieforo that it had
been so that Congress oould not de
clare war because it lacked j "the
sinews of war," but it was all cbacged,
ami power to raise money, &oi was
deposited with the Congress, tllere
are the clauses giving the ortirol o;
' the purso to the Congress: " j
"Congress shall have power to lay and
collect taxes, duties, imposts and: excises,
to pay th debts and provide for the corn
mon defence and g neral welfare! of the
United Stalef ; but aU duties, imposts aod
excises shall be uniform throughout the
United States. . j f. I
"No capitation or o!her d rect tax shall
. be laid, unless ia proportion to tlie census
enumeration hereinbefore directed to be
taken." . V -. i
Thus the States are striDDed of a
great aud. important power
States had delegated csrtaii
" ..." . o -r
powers to the General Government.
The States reserved to themselves all
-powers not specially delegated, for
the Constitution declares that "the
'powers not delegated "f are
preserved to the States respectively or
to the people." Mr. Tucker say
that "our constitutional 'history is
involved in this balance of tne two
systems of Government whic l conv
stitute our Federal polity; th fj one
TlllinW lAl.1AfA Un AtLn. J
uuiuiug uv,pgbv7u, iiuoubuoi t caul y cu,
authority." Now the check tJ cen
tralization to usurpation on! the
part of the Federal Government a
Government, remember, of strictly
delegated powers -is in tho people
themselves. If they arc faithful to
true democratic! renablinan nrinm
pies they will not allow the brlaturi
to usurp powers that were never del
eeated, ami to thui undermine their
Mr. Tucker points out that
jealousy of the tax power act
check unon extravagance. Thi
, - a . ---j j
be true in the maio, but it fails some
times to restrain the wastcfulnessAjf
the 'ongresH. Popular jealousv does
put a check upon the ambitious anq
reckless displays of the Congr'ss
We now come to the jist of Mr,
Tucker's discussion -r "Indirect iTax4
, ation." We quote an instructive
and thoughtful paragraph or j two.
He says; . ' -
"Dirpot tuTpa nrn thnan nhoro fh
tion between the tax-gatherer and the taxi
the burden of the tax he pays to the former!
without recourse to any third person In
direct taxes are such that the tax-payer may
mingle his tax with the price of the article
taxed, and receive both back in a sale to an
other. Here the relation (between the tax
gatherer and the real payer of the the tax is
mediate. . . j t --
"It is clear, therefore, that the j indirect
taxes may be so devised as -to make those
who ultimately and really pay them uncon
scious of their burden, or. rather, iof its
cause. That this is the result in such cases
almost universal experience. The excise
tax on tobacco and-whiskey is directly paid
by the manufacturer of the one and the dis-
tiller or the other. Each adds the tax to the
price of the article, and receives it back in
"e price paid for it by the buyer.! The
duty on an imported article is immediately
paid by the importer; but through the media
or the wholesale and the retail merchants the
burden is lifted from all except the consum
er, who knows nothing of the tax, because
il is so adroitly mingled In the price pf the
article that he sees only the greed df; the
merchant, and does not dream of the jexacf
tions of his government" ,
Under' indirect taxation the people
wo systematically, continually,! de
liberately robbed and they submit
chiefly through ignorance and. insen
sibility. They are bled hourlyj dai
ly weekly, yearly, and the economic
chirnrgeons are the importers, whole
sale and retail merchants. The8 im
porter adds the tax paid at the cus
torn house; the jobber puts on his
Profits, and the retailer adds his and
the poor toiler nava the tax
Wesses the Government that extorts
it not really knowing how, great its
rden. "He ' sees the blessings the
Government bestows but -is luhconj
ficious of the tribute it exacs.R It
is indirect, and, therefore, nnfelt.
But because indirect it is none, the
iess very real and very burdensome.
.. 1 ' r , 4 " - C - Tz : ' mmm - ,.. t- - , . t - '
, , , . - - , - "
snoes, he pays tl.25jrf tax. That is
if thnra j...... ' , . J
l mere wan imJs- .--.i-'s-a
under the Tariff he would W th
same shoes for $2, and so with scores
ot other necessaries of life.
There will be no care of this eril,
wonsirous as it is, as long as it ap
V Inaire wrm. L,et a
mrect lax De laid and all men will at
uuce see, teel, and understand its
magnitude and meaning,
A farmer or laborer who pays $10
tax to State," county and municipal
antnorities pays from five to ten
times that sum in tho increased oirioe
of goods caused by the Federal tax
levied under the Tariff -an ' indirect
procedure. Mr. Tucker shows . that
the indirect ax of this country is
about $300,000,000. State, county
and munioipal taxes are about the
same. One isdirectt the other is in
uireut. -1 ne conscious burden is
from State taxation. That W the
Federal Government rests upon the
people unconscious of its exactions.
Is it surprising that the people are so
ready to ask Congress to do everv
thing which costs money, rather than
leave it to the States? It is because.
when done by Congress, it seems to
cost noihiner: when Hnnn ho iK
States, to- be an .oppressive burden."
And yet what supreme, ignorance
and folly are thus manifested. Peo
pie lack in8truotionTn elementary
principles. They are being oppressed
and plucked under the form of indi
rect taxation the War Tariff and
tney neitber complain nor try to
evade it. They rush" to Congress for
moneys to cure sick, hogsj to furnish
seeds for planting, to teach sohool,
to clean oat creeks, to build houses
not for national purposes, ! and so on,
and in their intense ignorance and
blindness they do this supposing that
the Government has some way of
producing money without troubling
them. Blind 'and infatuated, they
know not that every cent of the mil
lions of subsidy or grab they seek
comes out of their own pockets, and
was placed in the Federal Treasury
by their own toil, sweat! and self
sacrifices. When will ' the taxpayers
learn the primary principles of Gov
ernment and the simplest lessons of
This yielding on the part of the
people to the Federal power, and
their willingness to become suppliants
and pensioners are the chief source
of danger to our institutions cause
"a decided drift from the reserved to
the delegated authority from the
States to Centralization." ' But says
Mr. Tucker, this is not all, "Power
not only runs after money, but
money runs after" power.'' A pro
found thought worthy of I, becoming
an axiom. When the Federal Trea
sury is full, then there are certain to
be new objects of expenditure
sought. - Indirect taxes J aocumn
t . vvvriaw v w r m avis.
The cry tioes up " What -shall
we do with the accumulating sur
plus?" a surplus, mind you, that has
been wrung from a ha&vily hardened
people. A fe ravily voicd.-t hre
and there answer back "Reduce
taxation." But this sensible reply is
drowned in the chorus of reckless
and unintelligent suppliants "Give
it to the States, build this, do that,
teach the yoaag idea Sea." j And no
the senseless clamor continues and
the gdiog and ineviUble taxes go
on. "Myriad schemes of public
plunder, under the guise of public
blessings ' Jill Congress, and the
demagogues shout and their followers
clap their hands. What jblindnss!
What unmitigated folly !
'But hear Mr. Tucker:
The indirect power of taxation by the
Federal Government, practically at this
moment exclusive' given as an easy method
of raising revenue, by putting burdens on a
people wiLuouk uib&ihk mew conscious oi
At SV. 1 - !
I nose than that for-which it was srranted:
to ck uu vua uuBiuesB nun out uuwu
another; to tax. not for the treasury, but
for the benefit of favored interests: to kill
what is hated, by an exterminating tax, in
order to foster what is loved, through the
death of its rival. Thus the whole realm
of reserved powers of the States, to deal
with, control, and protect all the varied in
dustries and occupations of men, is in
vaded, and those powers are absorbed by
the Federal Government; and this authority
is mus ceniraiizeu, unuer me ciaiui ot
power to levy taxes for the supply of the
Federal treasury." -.-i.j
' Our readers will be reminded of
the oleomargarine bill. ; Mr. 1 Tncker
favors . a change. ; He proposes to
raise all revenue by the direct mode.'
This will enable the people to see
what is doing, and they can better
hold their representatives to a strict
accountability. He says "the consti
tutional power to raise revenue" has
become perverted, "and by the delu
sive influence - of indirect taxation,
become a disease, which produces in
anition and atrophy in the States,
and a corrupting plethora in the Cen
tral Government." He adds, and let
us be warned for he is wise: "The
dancrer is imminent and permanent."
The only remedy, the only effectual
cure is in a change on the part of the
people and by .teaching them four
? v . , . , . . I
important lanaamemais, as louows:
'Tir9t,! ; 'KIJ.i2dlreCt ""I
burden as a direct tax.
"8econd. That the Federal duty is a
v.,.,l. than thA fltftta tax for tha
former not only burdens .the consumer ot Barker & Co. ; and six sample sacks fertiU
aZe'nlia valued at $6, shipped by: Me8sra.v
h.'LmMtii; ariAia vhlnh AAmnetefl with Heide & Co. - -
UtQ UUUIVIV ot vV x .
I "nuncu -one, multiplies ub DnraeDS
man7 times beyond the tax tt Treasury
rrec?lYe':' ' ' - S ; '
.'-inlrd.. That to preserve the equipoise
between the Federal Government "and the
f w uu KVUUPUIOUI Hig
lormer, as well aa to avoid anarchial action
oy the latter, are the moat sacred and mo
mentous-dutie of the American citizen.
( . JTOUrth. f jfit Afto.h ; mnmmimt nan ita
tax power for the sole purpose of supply
ing the means of revenue to execute its
UnaUeatinnail &nthnrt.v anil thii TTnlnn nt
free commonwealths will realize all that its
projectors aesignea ior tne iioerty ana wel
fare of .the American people."
DEATH OF HON. O, K. KENAN.
We regret to leara of the death of
Hon. O we'ii U. ' Kenan -which occur
red at his home at Kenansville, .Dup
lin county, .yesterday morning. He
was aged 83 years. He was a native
of i Duphn wherft his family laye
lived ; for - more v than'" a hundred
years, j He served in the Confederate
Congress one term, and was also a
.member of the North 'Carolina Leg
islature in 1836. . He was a member
of the Presbvterian Church, and
lived and died esteemed by all who
rf - , -
knew him. He was a man of sound
judgment, of sterling integrity! of
extraordinary perseverance and ener
gy, and was genial, affable, kind and
considerate. Hie county never had
a better citizen, and he leaves a mem
ory that deserves to , be cherisned.
He was the father of Col. Thomas
S,- Kenan. ex-Attornev General of
the State, of Mr. James Kenan, who
has served in the Legislature, and of
our highly respected townsman, Mr.
Wm. K. Kenan.
A NORTH CAROLINA WORK.
The "Church History" of Rev. C.
Bj Hassell and Rev. S. Hassell, father
and son, is a large octavo of 1,008
pages, and is well gotten up mechani
cally. It is a handsome volume. The
work was begun by the father some
eleven years ago, and completed by
the son after the death of the elder
Hassell in 1880. It has taken ten
years of labor to complete it, the son
giving six years to the work. It has
cost him $5,000 to carry out the plan.
The work was undertaken at the in
stance of the Kehukee Baptist (Prim
itive) Association. It is a broad
field to cultivate from the creation of
the world until now. We have not
examined the work or read a page of
it. It is the production of two relig
ious men of intelligence and capacity.
Rev.S.I Hassell is a scholarly man with
Btudloua naoits, an alumnus of tl
University, where he stood high, and
has been a very successful teacher.
lie . is a conscientious, sincere man
who believes all he writes and is de
voted to upholding the practices,
polity land doctrines of his people.
In a private letter to us he says:
"The book was not written tn' nulre
either money or fame, but to promote what
Hs authors believed to be God's eternal
truth ; and that truth has been stated, as we
have found it, without fear or favor. No
thing but the truth can do any human be
ing real or lasting good, although it may be
very unpalatable when administered.
"I think that the latest and highest
American and European scholarship, and
the ! latest phase of Modern Missionism.
nmfe tha Anrintiir&lnfm and Ihn f-nncpnnAnt
correctness of the distinctively Primitive I
Daptiai, i position, i . ii money sou nnman
learning can convert the world the Bible is
false, and there is no need of the Holv
Spirit for the salvation of sinners (see
pages (K? 040 ana BU3). wnat Primitive
Rant into und nil nthpr nrnf Aaninir nhriarlann
r . . . . .. -- - f - . a v
need, infinitely more than money or human
learning, is the outpouring of the Divine
Spirit from on high; and no other power
in the universe can awaken the dead sinner
to spiritual life, and convert the spiritual
wilderness oi mis world into tno blossom
ing and rejoicing garden of the Lord."
The j first edition is nearly ex
hausted. The prices are from $2 to
$5, according to binding.
CoL Pardee has written two long
letters about Wilmington and its in
terests to the Baltimore Manufac
turers RecordJ Of our climate and
the desirableness of Wilmington as a
Winter residence be says. '
"The leadinz attraction Wilmington has
for the tourists that usually! hibernate in
Florida ia its soft and genial atmosphere.
HTIia n.nnfiA.1 moan tpmrwrRtiipa rtt RmitK-
ville, at the mouth of the Cape Fear river,
is ine same as mat oi AioDue, -Aia., wnne
that of Wilmington (63 degrees) is but three
lean And nArreannnda with that nf .Tornan-
lem. in the Holy Land, and of Nicolassi,
Sicily, i In other words, tbis southeastern
section of North Carolina, for a belt fifty
miles along the coast and forty miles in
land, has a semi-tronica! .climate eonal to
that of Florida. The late Prof. Eerr, State
Geologist and Botanist, was wont to say
that this country, with its isolated semi-
tropical climate, must nave .been cut off
from Florida and floated to its nresent an
chorage." - '
What sort of civilization must that
be ' and what the type of manhood
that take for the standard of nobility
and the ideal of character such men
as Lincoln, Stanton, Grant and Sher
man? ; Lincoln was an infidel : Stan-
ton was a traitor, as Jerry Black has
shown; Grant was not truthful, and
Sherman is mean all the way
The Pope' will take a favorable
view, it is telegraphed : from Rome,
of the Knights of Labor and the at
titnde of Cardinal Gibbons.
Foreign Bxyorts Yesterday. :
" Norwegian barque Hjemmel cleared for
Reval, Russia, with 1,367 bales of cotton,
valued at $58,875; shipped by Messrs.
Alex. Sprunt & Bon. . .1 - ;
Schooner Georgie L. Brake cleared for
Sanchez. San Domintro. with 18.287 croBS-.
es, vataed at $5,760,8hipped by Messrs.
James H. Chadbourn & Co.
, a buqaBiGraf Behr Negendank
cleared for Hamburg with 1.911 barrels
k . - nnn . . . .. "
of rosm and 300 casks of spirits turpentine.
walnnd At 7 7Q1 . aiilnnarl h. Waaaara Tf. fl
T . .1.
WILMINGTON, N dt
Forelen Exoorta THtwaaT
,The German baraue Ibrdinand cleared
for Hamburg, - Germany, with a . cargo of
700 casks of spirits of turpentine and 2,605
barrels of rosin, shipped , b Paterson,
Downine & Co.. and valued at 1B 4SO.
: Norwegian tiarque JZektor- cleared -"for
iionaon, Eng.; With 2,887 barrels of rosin,
shipped by Pateirsoa, Downing & Co ; and
valued at $1975, and 1.428 barrels shipped
by Williams & Murchison and valueoVat
$1.200. 1 " i.- '
Schooner; VwA ' Souther cleared for
Ponce, P. R ; with 293.225 feet roush lum
ber, 5,232 feet dressed lumber and 143.000
shingles, shipped by Edward. Eidder'a Son,
and valued at $3,159 78. -
Offieera or (be Atlantic Coaat Line
'The following offlcera nf this nro-anira
tion have recently ; been' nnnlwtpfi-. "Wtf2-
liam T. iWaleet. president, with office in
Baltimore; John B Palmer, first vice-pre
sident, with office in Richmond: Henry
Walters; second vice-president and genera
manager, with office in Wilmington, N. C
Directors W. T. Walters, a F New
comer, R R Bridtjers, H. Walters, F. R
Bcott. JL B Palmer, A. F. Ravenel
The folio wine, with the president, con
stituta the Executive Committee: B. F
Newcomer, R R. Bridgers, J. B. Palmer
The Atlantic Coast Line Association i
made up of the followinc; railroads: Rich
mood & Petersburg; Petersburg, Wilmiog
ton & Wfcldon; Whmington, Columbia &
Augusta; Albemarle & Ra'eigh: Midland
of North Carolina; Northeastern of South
Carplina; Central, of South Carolina; Che
raw and, Dirlineton, and the Cheraw aod
Salisbury. ' J -
A Remarkable Discovery.
Mr. J.L! Winner.tbe well known watch-
maker of hist city, reports a remarkable
discovery In . taking observations of the
sun in his busiutss of r-gulatin; aod ad
justing the chronometers of masters of
vessels arriving at this port,J he found on
the 3rd lost, that the. mean solar time was
10 minutes ,10 6 10 seconds slower than it
was on the 25th of February, when observa
tions were latt laktn. Air. Winner is
satisfied that his instruments were in per
fect order and his calculations coricct, and
was particular in having the latter verified
by competen t par tits. Yesterday, be tele
graphed 1 the result of his observations to
the National Observatory at Washington.
If Mr. Winner is coned in his observa
tions and calculations, this loss of time
shows that the earth has been retarded in
its revolutions in the six days from the
25th of February to the 3rd of March, ten
minutes and ten. and fcix-tenths seconds,
and as it revolves at the rate of fifteen de
grees or nine hundred miles an hour, this
loss of time makes a difference of over 152
miles in' the longitude of every place on
the globe. -
Mr. Winuer does not venture an opinion
as to the cause of tbis strange behavior of
Motuer j E rlh. ' Recent terrestlal a lsturb
ances possibly caused it; or it may have
been simply a precursor of the backward
uigaioi ume wmcn iook piace yesieraay at
the close, of the. Forty ninth session of the
American Congress. : .
A dispatch from' Asbevilie says that the
New York Herald has sent two representa
tives of j that paper to Buncombe county
who are ostensibly endeavoring to find a
suitable location for a sheep ranche, or are
examining critically large boundaries of
timber, or viewing with capitalists' caution
the rich depotuts of some mineral, or mak
ing prominent some other fictitious mission
while they 8cek in these mountain fastnesses
the deaf mute who has thus fai evaded ap
prehension . The latest rumor that enmea
from any authentic source ia to the effect
that the mysterious deaf mute has been
seen in the county of Haywood, and it is
pretty safe to say that this sweetheart mur
derer luiks Fomcwhare among the bill and
fastnesces of Western North Carolina
Incendiary Firo In Bladen.
1 he cotton girt, barns and stables on Mr.,
R. M Wescott's place, near Kelly's Cove,
Bladen county, were destroyed bv an in
cendiary fire last Wednesday night about
twelve o clock All of Mr. Wescott's farm-
in ' implements, one hairs 4, six or seven
hundred bushels of corn' and' 8,000 pounds
of forage were burned. The loss is estima
ted at about $2,000 ; The incendiary, a ne
gro' boy about eighteen years of age, was
caught; he confessed to setting the place on
fire, saying that he thought he would only
hAVP tn nav a. ftna fnr nnmmittino- tha ant.
and this he would be allowed to work out.
tie was taken to JSlizabetbtown and lodged
in tne jau at tnat place.
Deatb of luTr. Theodore Ellera.
Mr. Theodore Eilers. only surviving son
of the late H B. Eilers, died last night at the
residence of the family on Fifth and Orange
streets. His death was unexpected and a
irrpnt nhnr.lrin hln familv and frionria TTo
WM at hill nlanp, .nf hnainpaa 'Piidav in hia
usual neauu, oui was lasen sick curing tne
evening of that day. The cause of his
death was not stated, but it was ascertained
that he had been suffering from some affec
tion ot tne Doweu.
Prevention Better tban Core.
The Board of Health of New Hanover
county have issued' a circular for free dis
tribution,; containing valuable -information
as to the prevention and restriction of scar
let fever.; The preventive measures re
commended are "
1. Avniri thA nnnfaffiiim nf tha riiasaaa
TSanecialTv. shnnld children hn nrpvnntad
from going near a case of scarlet fever, or
11U1U lAIUUUg 1U VVUMUhr ITlbU OUJT bUilJ
wnicn nas been near one sick with this dis
2., Be careful of books, toys, cats and
doffs which mav have been handlnd hv a
scarlet fever patient ; The disease has been
spread by circulating libraries; picture
books having been taken therefrom to
amuse the patient, : and returned , without
being disinfected. . : : -x -
. ft fnA i rennverlna frnm . thla iaaaaa
should not be permitted to mingle with the
. i 1.. . .. . .
puouc, unm ae ana nis ciotning nave neen
thoroughly cleaned and disinfented.
. d. Nn-r.hlld hnminir frnmi a hnnao nnn.
tain Lag a case of scarlet fever' should be al-
, a a aa a m . .. . .
wweu iu aiienu bcbooi or otner. puouc as
sembly, ; and should be prevented - from
nlavinir with other nhildiwn - - -
; 5. Any one coming from, such a house
ahnnld hatha riiainfAAt . A nh.niv. Yilm
ctotnmg oerore going where there are call:
6. Beware of any one with a sore throat;
dft nnt allnw vnnr nhfMiwn tn ha trlaocvl ho
such a person, or to drink from the same
cup, 5 r ,-. ...
7. When scarlet fever is present in your
commnDUT. an nnr ta.n-a -hi nnm.tn nrnwn.
ed assembliea in linvAntilated rnnmi
o. pee mat your nouse ana premises are
Al m -r aia.
periecuy ciean. . ijoox to your cellars, sew-
Am nftoa-nnhla : ainVa an '.tarafav St1-wnta
and allow no decaying animal or vegetable
uwkwr ui uouion me avmospnere oi your
uweiiing. r " . - -
FRID AgvIARCH 111
Railway CoaaMlMloav BUI Lai oat the
.mo oeaiato naeaumrr Act
Paaaea-Tbe state Car-A Railway
uoanmlsaloaKBUl M Paaaed y tae
Special SUr Report " 4 .
, - w, v. u inuiuuuu
authorizinir Gov. fla1 , un th
ernor's Mansion, if he' can obtain within
12 Der cent of its
seU it at that rate, the sum of $10,000 is to
w apuropnaiea ior its completion.
' , , TtUS KAJLWAT COKHISSIOS
The bill to create a nil
wu lb it en urr jb rha nntiiiohf a K..;nMB
. . 1 " vuiuwomvu
II WAS ID thA hArllPA nf a enhDtltnU nA
Buomuieu witli a favorable reoort br Pou
Ior the ooiamhtee . - i , ;. ;
UO mot inn nf tVniciA. '
was laid on the taWe by a vote of 20 to 18
; cf. M passeu amenamg the act s
tablishing the graded schools at Tarboro.
TH IE U1P uTHv D 1 vn '
The Senate devoted the remainder - nf ita
session to tne- consideration of this act.
JNO Chances vcerc mad a in it 1 It
scuuuiLBuu miru reaaings " '
a.t 6 o cicck tne enate adjourned
- HOUSE .
The House hevan "urnrlr it Q '..llr
this morning. , 1
Only one bill waaintrnH
. .w.. VU U AIUV.UU
lor taking 8 Vote of the nHmln nt Wicn,
county on the stock law question.
THB STATE OUABD. '
The bill to innrnaaA anH nvAmnta .V, A m
. - -www u u u uivuiuw lug CUi
ctency of the State Guard Was taken up.
Many amendments weie offered. . One of
these, by Lindsay, was rather singular. It
Was that no member nf tha nnarrl .Hall K
- vuw AUCAKU DU'lll W
a member of an v aporpt nntiif.i
tion. It Was lOBt. An tnenitmant ho
BrOfiden. that the .' annrnnriatimi cKoIl Ku
for only two years was adopted. The bill
Daased its second anrl IhiM ,u;aa. t.
doubles the appropriations to each com
pany. iou 10 aaoo, and allows $100 for
headauartera eznenaea nf ,., ,;,-,
The vote on the third reading: was 56 to 89.
- A BS JOB ATOBXJ ;
The bill tO1 establish a rpfnrmatnrv In
connection with tha
second and tnird readings. i .
PASSED THIBD BEADXNO
To authoriza the hi
Cherokee. CiacinnAt! fr. f!h.BA
To drain Conetoe swamp i
and Training Iosti ute at Charlotte.
To extend the charter oMhe Raleigh
Street Hiilway, so that it co extend its
lines t villages near Raleigh. I
10 incorporate the Monkey Island Club.
To incomnrale thn f,ii.i)A.ii)A n..i
Estate Agency. - ( -
To allow cosvir.ta fnr ordHino n -,.A
from Kinston to the new iron bridge,; to be
paw ior uy juenoir county. ;
To provide sign boards at dangerous
fords. r " . I:
To Drovide for theanlanf th
m I vs. WbUBk SOW
fence in Stokes county. i
To change the name of Brown Marsh, in
Bladen county. i
10 es'ablisn Uleveland lowoshio. John -
' To inenrnnratp the. Ttlffe Pitror Mn.
t : n n , oa
uuu vouipaay. ' i
THE RATT.WAV fninranm nnt
..wim ... IH1IVM
This bill was taken nn in thn: shan nf an
act supplemental to the act to regulate rail-
nj,ireiguis. . it is me same bill which
waa'dereatsil par! v in tha
- ; t w bwociwu, JMUIIU
iuk i lurets Ljommiasinnpra i rn ru. on
pointed by the Governor ; Tiw. tw-tw
w v....av.u, : vf UU U LT
iih uufcrutir - ... ovi w
o rhn nunnla fAv ratiSnnrlnn
rcjeiuuoa, at ine nexi regular election.
An amendment was offered by Ewart, in
the nature of a substitute, providing for the
repeal of section. 1966 of the Code (as
amended by this Assembly) in regard to
freights, and for ihe anhm iaainn nf tha
question of a commission of the people, to
uo voieu on ai tne next regular election.
Ewart spoke in favor of the substitute,
while Holt and York attacked it. -
A VOte Was taken and thn tuha iinta m..
aereated 24 to 66. - j
Tne bill then passed its second- reading.
On the third renrlino- nf Iha hill K.ct
' m " . MAW U . (A.
offered the following amendment to sec-
. ! n n. i .
uuu o. . j
That it Shall be Unlawful fnr aaws ...
ration tubject to the provisions of this act
to charge or receive any greater compensa
tion in the aggregate for the transportation
of passengers or of like kind of property,
Under substantially similar nirnn
i v J V VVUXtfWIH wv
and conditions, for a shorter than for a
longer distance over Lhe aamet line in the
same direction the sborter being included
in the lunger dUtance; but this shall not be
construed as authorizing any common car
rier within the terms of this act to charge
and receive as irreat -comnenflatinn fnr a
shorter as for a longer distance.'!
This amendment waa l.iat R9'tn SR
The bill then passed its third reading, i
Senate amendments tn the Rnnnnmha
etock law pused second reading! ,
ai i o ciocK tne Mouse adjourned.
(The House comnleted tn ilav-all its nvn
A ll . 1 r. 1 . . :
mus, ine opeaaer announceu.
TtnT.ETOIT Marnh A. The Reriata aocoinn
WM devoted tn thn nnnaidsratinn nf tha
bill to create a College of Agriculture and
the Mechanic Arts. The debate was pro
longed. There Wem man v arvenhpa nn
-both sides of the question and a great num i
oer oi amenamenia were introuucea. une
of these amendments was to submit the
question of the establishment of the college
to a vote of the people. This was voted
dawn ftS WAR A. Art AnrtthAr ampnrlmpnt niv..
viding that "pay students" outside of the
izu iree ones snouia De admitted. All the
other amendments were voted dovn and
the bill Daased lust as it name1 frnm the
House. It gives the college the $7,500 in
terest on the land-scrip, and the fertilizer
tai in exneaa nf thn 37 KAO not- anart. fnr
the Department of Agriculture, j; .
FKLUAY S SESSION. i
TheSanata eno-ao-ed with thn TTnnon in
the joint election of trustees of the Uni
versity. "... . . :
The Committee on Magistrates;! made its
report, through Senator Eliaa, its chairman.
To incornorate the Favetteville Real
Estate Agency, v' . - -
To so amend the Code as to provide for
the holding of prohibition elections every
. . J . m i j 11 .
iwu lugwwi ui yearly, anu allowing
dealers six months to close out their busi
tiesa. The bill takes eflVnt .Jnlv 1 npxt
after the June elections. ;
To protect mullet flshmir in Carteret
county and to protect natural oyster beds
in tne same county. ? :
lo prohibit the advertising of lotteries.
A LIVELY FIGHT. .
Adams caused a lively fight bv introduc
ing a bill to cnmnel thrf nenitentiarv to
hire out convicts in such numbers as to
make the penitentiary as nearly self-sustaining
as no&sible. ljnnkev nnnoaad the
bill and said it was sprung upon the Sen
ate, a nisAnams aeniea uooK maae a
motion to refer the bill to the Committee on
Prnnnaitinna and ftrlevanpoa WHliama
of Davidson, said a reference would defeat
me oui. t ne vote on tne motion to reier
was ayes 22, noes 17. - The committee in
half an hour reported unfavorable on the
W1L-.;:. -wv.- -. k - - ?.
The Hon an hill tn mnrimnixA thn T)nna.rt
meat of Agricnltnra nasaed without ortno-
At 2 o'clock the Senate adjourned. -: r r
HOUSE. ' i . "
THTJKSDAT BIOHT'S SBSSiaK. '
The - TTniiBA naaaed after a. Inno rlohotp '
In which Pearann aAvarelv attana-oH 'TnritAr
gie man, though a charity student at the
nivereity, spoke -in opposition to that in
stitution) the bill to move the State Normal
School from Asheville to Bakers ville. , He
lodged a motion to reconsider, r ,. ,
i LYour correspondent fell into an error in
yesterday's report, concerning the Railway
vuiuuiissiun, ' otc. . a ne xiouse nau up a
bill in the Shane of a suDolementarv to the
act in fegard to fieht discriminations.
To this E wart opposed a substitute which
woa precisely tne same aa me act creating
a railway -enmm iaainn fwhinh thn TTnnan
defeated early in the session). It was on
jc.ran a - aunsaiuie inat tne ireignt waa
made. It was defeated. The bill passed.
oo mat the House did not pass the bill ta
uuiaiiuia question or a railway dimmtaJ'
sion. Latt night Ewart made repet.l at .
tMnntl Ia ml lkM.L A. : 1 1 '
f - " s ""'mgu tiuia n create a com
mitSlOn. All wem ntAvr1 ri.on 1
The Stevedore bill has passed' tho 8enate
kUXS la BUW aft laWr" 1 J.-.J. t." .
. The Free Ferry bi.i passed in spite of the
vppusiuuo oi owam, and is now also a law
. i js - i PBIDAT'S SESSION. "
No bills were introduced in the House
today... Work on the calendar . hi.,...n
at 9 80 a. m. The day's work w4s vt ti '.
v - i ii v -a. a.aaie Mmll OAiAWi J
To incorporate ; the. Chowan and Smith
ton Railroad: - - ! l : i
B1X.TJ PAftnn trtrrun -noAnrnA
To amend the charter of the Wilmington.
vuoiu vw nuu ruhthk 1 rni nnL ifmi yyn.i . j
T amend the charter of the Wilmington,'
yuauuuurn anu uonwayDoro Kt.road.
To allow the lease of iron mi la h .
" : To establish free fnrrUa .t UUAni.i.;.
,? To allow Oolnmh.i
lo establish the line between Uaion i.d
. luuniiuiatc IUB UUI1IUIU U!tllie
wrouno. . ! . ., . ,- )!..
To amend the law in regard . to tut
tion of real estate ' i ii
lie parti -
To amend the law lei .tive to hunting on
posted lands. ... . - :-.Ur.;
To nrbvide fnr ! the
ft - - - f ""uuu JJ LUC
Trustees of the Library, of Col John A.
Slaoe'a history of the North I barolina
tvnrti in Sl,n lAa -i
To nrovidft fnr Hia Kmnval nf (L. Qt.A
Library to the new library building; and the
To iDCornoratft fforeat Hill MannfQM..r
ing Co. of Concord. - I . ! r
lo pay for rcut of a house for the Gov.
crnor. . I - - . :
To incorporate Eistern Land Co;
To allOW Shelbv to iaaun hnnita
To exchange connon bond fnr
W - " IWlUll.
oouua. . ;. - .. ' , , -
To relieve D. A.; Grantham, ex-sheriff of
wayne county, and bis sureties
To incornorate i Xhn tnarn nf Sntt.n..
fines. - - - -
r vAAl. I U
To incornorate the Piedmont I.n,i n
To allow TransvlvaniHand VaHt-!n n,.n
ties to lew a enecial tax. 1 i -
To incorporate the Cherokee Land and
To regulate the sale of, dangerous ex olo
sives. . . -: i
rwy . - : : -I'
10 incorporate insiuutiona f,,r kai nm
l t. . TT --t r--s-
uau aa . ; i Mi
INCREASE 07 THB ftTTPRTCua nnTtnin
ThelBoUSB took UDand naaaed thii hill tn
submit to the people of the State at (he next
regular election the question
of the Supreme Court to.fi vo
of an increase
The vote on
the bill on the third rendimr niu.rl. Y,o
TEU8TEES OF: THR! TTNTfcw.uatW
The House went into session for the eltr.
tion or trustees . of the. University, and
Messrs Fries and Pi
tellers on the part of the House. . The, re
sult oi me election was as follow
S. M. Finirer. ei-nfflr-in . RnnaUn,.,.. '
dent or fublic Instruction;! Rev. A. D.
lietta. K K. Bridgers, Charles A Cook,
weorge uavis. -y. r. irairclctj Frank D
Winttton. John A Gilmer. John w r.
nam, U. A- Gudeer, A Leaztr. So), a
wem, jonn manning, Hamilton McH.il lau
It. B. Peebles. Jainea . Rnhinann w t
xates. w. M. H Burgwyn. Thomas M
Holt. Rev. W. S. Long, C. B. Aycock; in
1 a? a a V a a if
piaceoi nev. c.. a. wiiey, John w. Fries;
in place of James M. Mullin, A C. Avery -
m piaoe uin.D. anon, a. u. williameon
Tme riTunnm -. in
The House refused to concur in the Sen
ate amendment o-to- Revenue Dill, and a
conference committee was appointed -
Ah attempt was' made to reconsider the
I... I...L . 1. A A .... .
tu.c u wmuu iub iree lerry oui passed
out it laiieu. i ;
THE ATLANTIC COAST B B.
To amend the charter of 1 the Atlantic
uoast Kaiiroaa, to allow it to extend its line
through Cumberland and Rladen nnnntica
to the South Carolina line, and extending
uuiB to iour years, air. feanoa intro
duced an amendment that jthe Atlantic
Coast Lino Railroad shall nav tiTpg Mr
Sutton said that this road was not the At
lantic Coast Line; that the latter road had
nothing to do with; it. Mr. Brogdan said it
was the same old company, which was in
corporated in 1835. Mr. Lyon said it was
not. out taat it was me une chartered a few
years ago lo run from New York to Charles
ton. Jay Gould secured the act incorporat
ing it. t ne oui was at tms point dropped,
uciug passeu over informally, j i .
THS EUtCTTflV n uiaTBTDiTss
The House branch of the Committee on
magistrates made its teport, through Stan
sell, chairman of the House branch, i The
.nominations cover some 2.400 names
THE HBATIRG OF THE CAPITOL.
The House look up the bill to allow the
(Governor and Council to provide for the
heating : of the capitol and library
uuiiuiuk at a cost ooi to exceed fit),
000. York opposed it. Holt.! Worth and
Williamson favored it. tayiug it was abso
lutcly cecsssary. Every session members
aie rrom disease caused by the inefficient
beating oi the capitol. , This session there
has been a remarkable amount of sickness.
The bill passed iu third reading ayes 40.
At 1.30 the Heme adjourned.
Trnateea or tbe Agrlenltaral college
, Hitch on the Election of lTIaKleiratce
Knlshia or Labor Anlagonlalns tne
Appointment of Jonea aa Cblet of
Labor Statlatlea u urea a. !
Rleioh, March 4. Governor Scales to
day nominated the following to be Trustees
of the-State College of Agricultural! I and
Mechanic Arts: W. S. Primrose. Ra
leigh; Henry E. Fries, Salem; Rufus Bar-
rmger, Charlotte Geo. Z.' French j Wil
mington; Ehas Carr, Edgecombe.! Thess
nominations will be acted on by tho Senate
i ne senate mis afternoon refused to re -
cede from its. amendments to the Revenue
act which stops the rebate on drummers
license tax and puts merchants in this State
on equal footing with those of other States.
In the House this evening, Oakley intro
duced a resolution disaDorovi mi nf the
A A O ---ji
nomination of Westley . N. Jones to be
Chief of the new Bureau of Labor Statia
ties. He endeavored to out the reanlntmn
upon its passage, i ; " . i
Overman said that the matter was
with which tbe House had nothing what
ever to do. v It was entirely in the province
of the Senate.
Tho House refused to suspend the
to allow consideration of tho resolution
Last night and to-day there has been a great
deal of talk about this nomination. Knights
of Labor are antagonizing it.
House and Senate conference' committees
on the Insane Asylum bill had two con
ferences to-day. The House has adopted
an amendment to that bill cutting down the
appropriation for the asylum at Morgahton
Tho House to-night receded from its amend
menu so far as that asylum is concerned.
and the amount of the appropriation for
the next fiscal year Is fixed at $65,000, and
Anv AAA at at . a it ' I .,s;
tN,uw ror me iouowing year.f , ,
There is a hitch on the election of magis
trates to-day. ; Printing of the! lists of ap
pointments was ordered, and 3 o clock to
morrow afternoon was set as the. hour for
consideration. '' Pearson is fighting against
the adoption of nominations made in the
House.' It Is a very important matter .
T? AT.WT3TT Vowth K . Hna nfth nntimk.
able features in the .Senate to day was the
arm manner in. wnicn jfresiaeni Dteaman
called attention to tha naasage of bills atv
sroDriatinir mnnevl Tn the haste of rnaha
ing business through, he declared that the
Senators should give their attention, how-
.a .. a j t i m a
- 1 1
ever muco mey were inieresieu in olub anu
measnres not hefnrn tha flm.!. : D i
,,, . r r , uw anew
that they had their attention divided, as all
must neoeaaarilv hawn n m v, v j
- j I " a .ui vu v u auu
get home; but the bills affecting the treasu
ry must be passed in the full knowledge of
Senators.. - ,. .....
A COMTT.TfT7WTn A B V hh,ot rnJnA ; -
T " WWUUUllVfl,,. ' -
UUlte a nice nrnrim mum nii-l., v
v w ii maa u ui y hUQ
shape of a well deserved complimentary
resolution concerning Dr. McCormick, of
Harnett. The reanlntinn waa in
the successful efforts of the Senator in
Contributing to thn nnmfnrt nf Ik. u
in the badly heated chambers His triumph
iu una regara maras bm as one of the best
sanitarians in the State, j It is stated that
he will receive an appointment as a mem
ber of the Raleigh Insane Asylum Board.
I: A bill tO nav nertain olarb- A . ,
- . r v.VABV VAAt-l UQ
a DOVe their reirnlar ner diam amn,,ni
about $600 was defeated. ' j .
!, o one but a first claes presiding otBcer
could preserve order to-day. The Senate
wm aiiMai.aanoiaya-He House.
1 The new memhnra eipntpl nn it.
. . u-uvivu uu .uo uvam
or Agriculture by the Senate are Messrs J.
8; JISP0"' QuUrdr. A. G. Brooks,
of Wilson; Mr. A. Leazar. of Iredell; Mr!
a. L GranL 6X nnatmaatpr at flnl,lcl,.
, ; . r WAVAOWAV..
Ii Ine Omnibus innnr hill naaoAut
, - -J ... MUUUU IU1IU
reading. ; , m
The bill reoriranixino- lha Tuuiia.(
C Cl wpMiiyuuk m
Agriculture passed its final reading.
- HOUSE. II. .
der 'at 10 o clock. No bills were introduced
and the calendar was taken up. f
rASSED THIRD READING,
To allOW Alexander nnnntn tn ' ln
special tax. - . . : . J-
I For the relief of certain citizens nf s,'mn.
JTo incorporate the New Bern Cotton &
JTo amend charter of Suffolk Lumber
tin relation to dnr.ketinir nnii.li J. a...
- r5 jaaho -aaa su
preme Court from Fourth District
To incorporate Raker City & Greensboro
For relief of sheriff of Warren' county.
TO allow Transvlrania tn lan a .,.1
, - - J - J BAn.A.tCAA
tax; same for Chowan county.
To incorporate the Kittrell Industrial
Normal School. . i
TO incornorate Kenlo in Jnh n at nn
county. ' I .
To work certain convicts on public roads.
I .Resolution to expend $400 for printing
for the Bureau of Labor Statistics was lest.
Resolution to ant.hnri7.a lha ninirtm..!
, . iuv vwunituiQu.
of lAgriculture to expend $1,000 for exper
imenting with gill nets in securing eggs for
the oronair&tinn nf fluh maa lndt I
. " - awm, . ws, 1UUI, ,
aTbe conference committee on the Rev-
Anlrif kill 1,1
cuujuiu, uec noiaing two or three ses-
oiyuB, uuany reportea mat tney naa agreed
to strike Ollt the tar nn nlaaonnk nl.-iK. wiA
aawmouau inuv. auu
to allow the rebate on drummers'1 tax to re
main, ineir reDOrt was adnnted.
The HflllKP emrairad with ih 9.haI. ;n
the election nf fnnr H
- .wwaa. VS WW V HUb XJUfMt U
of Agriculture to fill vacancies. The elec
uou consumed a great deal of time
The Governor Nominations for Trna-
ceee ofPablle Inatltatlone conflrnaed
A Very Marked compliment Paid
. Ii . . j , .
to Llent. Gov. Stcdman -Joint Sea-
1' I , A
alon on Election orniaslatratea. -
(Special Star Teleeram.) I - .
Raleioh, March 5. The Senate this af
ternoon went into executive session to con
sider nominations bv the Governor fnr
trustees of public institutions and direntnra
of the College. All were confirmed. The
Senate also confirmed Westley N. Jones as
Commissioner of the Labor Bureau.
President Stedman announced that the
calendar was. clear of all bills of importance'
A few bills remained, but thess had nnt
been looked after by the introducers.
A very marked compliment was paid to
Lieut. Gov. Stedman this afternoon. The
resolutions were presented by Williams.
Adams and Webb. They were highly eulo
gistic and stated that President Stedman
had been a model of courtesy, fairness and
parliamentary ability. Much speech-mak
ing followed tbe introducing of these reso
lutions. The speakers were Senators Win
ston, Pou, Taylor,) Lockey,. GrifBn.i Elias,
Lillington. Epps, Grouse, Shaw, Williams of
Pitt and Fields. Tbe speeches were full of
feeling and no-presiding officer ever receiv
ed higher or more sincere comDliments.
Lockey said that members of both parties.
of both races, had snoken thus in regard to
the Lieut. Governor. He wished to put the
matter in enduring shape. He therefore
moved that the resolutions be adopted and
spread upon the record, and called the ayes
and j nays. The resolutions were adopted
by a unanimous vote amidst great applause.
The House was in great confusion to-day.
Your correspondent, in fifteen years' expe
rience, has never seen anything at all ap
proaching it It was really difficult to
understand what was done. j
The Senate and House went into joint
session on tbe election of magistrates. The
nominations made by the committee were
chosen. The Republicans made a desper
ate fight, but wero thrashed.
WA SHINO Toy,
Greeiy'a and Trotter'a Nominations
Conflrmed-The Fate of Several Im
portant Bills No Probability of a
Special Session or the Senate. j 1
By Telegraph to the Morning Star
Washington. March t The Sonata hao
conflrmnd thn nominaHnna nf f'nnt a OT
Greely to be Chief Signal Officer with the
rank of Brigadier Geaeral. and James M.
Trotter to be Recorder of Deed j for the
Distrif.t nf fViinmhta - On thn nnnfirma.
tion of Trotter the vote stood 30 to 11. Of
tne minority three only, lngalls. Sabin and
Palmer, are Republicans. j
xne uenciency bill railed for want of
time to engross it. - -
Thfi Fortifications bill waa ahandnned in
conference. - . i .
The District of Columbia" Appropriation
bill was signed by the President . i ,
- The River and Harbor bill failed tn re
ceive the President's fupnatnre. Tt rnanhod
him several days ago, but was "pocket ve-
toea.r ? :, .-.-' i .
WASHINGTOir. Marnh d Thero Baema
to have been very little contest in the Sen
ate over the confirmation of Jamea M.
Trotter, colored nominee to the office of
Recorder of Deeds of the District of Colum
bia, and no utterance of the Senate has
been or is to be expected on the subject.
The action of the body, though apparently
inconsistent with the principles enunciated
in connection with the Matthews
case, i ... upon the heels of which . it
so closely follows, is explained however,
in a variety of wava. Trnt.fer rame It la
urged, with an excellent record as an ex
Union soldier, which with tbe Senate
counts for much. No charge is made
against him,, as was the case with Mat
thews, either of a business or political na
ture, and there was nothing to - be said in
his opposition beyond the fact that he is an
alien to the District Upon this point, so
strongly urged in Matthews' case, It is
stated that the Senate has made a record of
ita nrinninlea. havinir nrnnnnnxni itaelf em.
phatically in favor of the selection of a
T-a:.a S.A Af 1 . . m
u is ix iot man ior a purely local omce.
It is said at the White House that there
ia no rtrhhahilitv nf a anealal aeaainn nf thn
Senate being called by the President for the
purpose oi acting on nominations or ior any
ouier purpose. : j,- -vv.'vvv :, -: - -. v i '
'Pha Tntar-fitata fnrrmomM. O n m m Irc'iyin
mAAW AUVA.-WMW V-UHUWVB WUAIUKSIVU
and the successor to Secretary Manning will
probably be appointed next week, or the
week following, - - , ..
"Have vou the time." asked a
Burlington woman of a man who was ra
ther unsteadily - TmrsniniT hia wav nn
Church street N no, madam," was the
reply.; "Hut l bad it last night." Jiur-
ttngton are rreu. .
Clinton Caucasian? The rail-
road Is coming fast. One hundred hands-
with three trains are laying the track.
Pearson's County Government "bill requii-t
ing magistrates and nnnntvt imnmU! ..-!
to give bond will be a poor campaign docua. !'
t Irlflnt j. Tn a. atv . . .
ZT u" j T7. uu6" onnop presides with!
marked ability and fairness. The docket i
18 being ranldiv dianncai -w i. i
SUCh an BynmnlaHnn it...: ,t.. I'
will be Impossible to fihUhlit during this
term. Upon the whole the Legisla-
ncii h vouiu nave oeen
reasonably expected. They have failed to
pais a great many bad measures, and while
really nothing of substantive benefit' to the
people has been done, it has been a carerul
and economical body and has done no Dar-
ticuiarharm.' - . I . ri : -. jr.
C, Z Uh4otte Chronicle; -President
McKinnon made a very encouraging state
ment as to the condition of pavidson Col
lege, and reporU that there are , now 119
students on the college roll. The trustees,
in response to a request from the Union
Theological Seminary, granted Dr. 4. B.
Mack permission to devote one half of his
time to the interests of the Seminary . j
Mr. Fred Greenland was out hunting' yes
terday and fired his gun, a! cheap, single
barreled affair, one time too often, j The
gun burst at the breech, the j barrel ieing
laid open flat. The load pissed directly
upward, and Mr. Greenland escaped seri
ous Injury, though one of his hands was
badly peppered by splinters from the shat
tered stock. The peopleof Richmond
county voted down the bill for the county
DHhBARlnl!.H . A aiAA AAA . . . .'
.uuuuiijuuu ui tjiuu.uuu ,-io tne capital
stock of the South Atlantic & Northwest
ern Railroad, which ia planned to extend
from Smithville, on the sea coast of I this
State, to Bristol, Tennessee. The majority
against the subscription was over five hundred.-
... ,: j- ,
t New Bern Journal; The Wil
mington Stab often fails to reach New
Bern on day of publication: We thought
"pivil Service" waa to give us efficient ser
vice. Now we know it is a humbug, i
The bill to amend the law establishing gra
ded schools in this city hasj passed both
Houses of the General Assembly.' The
features which were declared unconstitu
tional by the Supreme Court have been
eliminated, and as amended it will be sub
mitted to the people to vote on the first"
Monday in May. The bill to incor
porate the East Carolina Land and Railway
Co. has passed both Houses of the General
Assembly and is now a law. jit is one of
tbe most important bills to bur Onslow"
county friends passed during jthe session,
as it will undoubtedly secure the construc
tion of a railroad between Trent and New
rivers. Kinston dots: Dr. H. D. Har
per's house, in Cqntentnea Neck townshiD.
was burned a few. nights ago. It was the
work of an incendiery. U Geo. Jen
kens, who has served one ternJ in the peni
tentiary, is again in fair way to move to
Raleigh. Saturday night he took , Dr.
Dyatt's horse and buggy, without ! his
knowledge, and stole from i W. F. Dibble
about three bushels of sweet potatoes.
Raleigh News- Observer: Mr.
Kenan was the son of Hon. Tfaos. Kenan,
who represented the Cane Fear district in
Congress from 1805 to 1811. Pe was born
March 24, 1806, studied medicine and after
wards studied law and for many years was
among the foremost men in his section of
the State. He served, three terms in the
Stale Legislature, from 1834 to 1836, and
afterwards represented his district in lhe
Confederate Congress. In politics he was
one one of the old school Jeffersonian Dem
ocrats and he was as true to principle and
devotion to duty as the needle to the pole.
- Gov. Scales has made the following
nominations to the Senate: For Commis
sioners of Labor Statistics, Wesley N. Jones
of Wake; Directors for the North Carolina
Insane Asylum at Raleigh for a term of six
years, Col. J. 8. Amis of Granville, Dr. W.
R. Capehart of Bertie. Directors for the.
Western Insane Asylum at Morganton for
six! years: Maj. J. W. Wilsod of Burke,
'fill the. unexpired term of Major F. O.
itobbins, resigned (term expires' in 1891).
Directors for the Eastern North Carolina
Insane Asylum for a term of six years: J.
A. Bonitz, of Wayne; W. F. Rountree, of
Craven; M. M. Katz, of New Hanover;
and to fill the unexpired term of Dr. Matt
Moore, resigned, Dr. S S. Satchwell.l of
Pender. Directors of the North Carolina
Penitentiary: E. S. Vaughan, Of Allegha
ny ,no fill the unexpired term! of C. F.
Lowe, resigned; and J. W. iCooper, of
Cherokee, to fill the unexpired term of
Hon. J. L. Robinson, resigned. Trustees
for the North Carolina Institution for the
Deaf. Dumb and Blind: O. D. Heartt, J.
R. Williams and L. D. Stephenson all re
appointed. Board of Internal Improve
ments: S. F. Mordecai and E 0. Smith.
-f- Charlotte- Chronicle : -At last '
there is a Woolen manufactory in North -Carolina
that turns out goods equal if not
Superior to any that can be made in the
North, or any where else. - The an
nual Convention of the North Carolina
Medical Association, which is to convene
in this city on April 13, will be attended
by some of the most distinguished physi
cians of the country. Among-those who
have announced their attention to be ores.
entare: Dr. D. H. Agnew, of! Philadel
phia, one of President Garfield's physicians r
Dr. Robert Beatty and Dr. Campbell, of
Georgia ; Dr. Hunter McGuire and Dr. O. F.
Manson, of Richmond ; Dr. Howard and Dr.
Chisolm, of Baltimore. -This Associa
tion is about to close the 6th year of its ex
istence, and the 1st series of stock winds up
this week. Every stockholder will receive
$100 ror each share held, non-borrowers
will receive the par value of their share in
cash; and borrowers will have their mort
gages and notes cancelled. Thus ends the -first
series in this Association without one
cent of loss during the six years it has been
in existence. Non-borrowers have received
about 9J per cent, per annum on their in- .
vestment,' while borrowers have paid only
7J per cent, per annum. We under
stand that the people of Charlotte presented
Mr. Pearson with a purse of about $900, as
a token of their appreciation of his services,
as a laborer iu the Master's I vineyard.
There was quite a party of ladies and gen
tlemen at the depot to bid him good-bye.
Mr. Pearson, we "understand, has promised
to visit Salisbury and Concord next Octo- :
ber.: We hear that he is a Cumberland
Presbyterian a denomination that adopts -',
theology (Arminian) very like the Metho
dists, but retains the form of church gov
ernment of the Presbyterians, if we are not
mistaken. Stab i I . . jj
Raleigh News'- Observer: At
this session of the Legislature there are to -be
appointed four members of the Board
of Agriculture, viz: from the second, third,
fifth ii and seventh Congressional districts.
A. G. Fleming, of Granville county,
sold 657 pounds of tobacco at an average
of $53. 50 per hundred for . everything . In
this lot there were 142 pounds that brought
$92 I per hundred, and 100 pounds that
brought $100. A. W. Beck, of Wake, 254
pounds, average $73. - In this lot 109 pounds
sold at $125 per hundred; 12 pounds sold at
$98; .84 pounds at $52; 26 pounds at $34;
12 pounds at $29; 24 pounds at $3, and 87
pounds at $5.10. N. R. Mltchener, of
JohnBton county, 402 pounds, average
$37.50. R. J. Boiling, of Chatham county,
784 pounds, average $32.87. J. C. Bunch,
of Wake county, sold for $25.50, $34.50,
$43, $61. $94. J. C. Oliver, $24, $36.50,
$39.50, $69, $89, L H. Keith. $29, $30,
$47, $8 - The row of old jbulldings
south of the courthouse, all of Which are
embraced and known under the) appellal
tion of the "Old Sentinel building," is
being torn down. This old structure is a
fart and parcel of the history of Raleigbij '
t has almost seen the beginning of Raleigh
and has seen all the various vicissitudes and '
fortunes to which the city has been subject
for nearly a century. ' The city of Raleigh
was laid off in 1792. In 1798 the brick por
tion of the building was erected by Joseph
Gales, and it was then the only brick home
in the city except tbe old State house, that
was burned June 21st, 1831. In 1799 the
fiist newspaper "ever issued in Raleigh was;
printed in this old brick structure. It was
the Raleigh Begiiter, and was edited byj
Joseph Gales, Br. At this time the popula-j
tinn nf Raleiirh dfd nnt erneed K( , Th;
third book printed in North Carolina waa
issued from the same old office in 1804 Its
title was "Matilda Berkley," a novel About
1806 the wooden buildings adjoining the
structure were erected and occupied aa a
book store by Joseph Gales & j8on, and as
a police court The Regteterw&a printed
here successively by Weston R. Gales, son
of Joseph Gales, Seaton Gales, grandson of
Joseph Gales, then by John W- 8yme,who
moved it to Petersburg. Va.1 In 1868 the
Raleigh Sentinel, which had been established
by Rev. W. E Pell a few years before, was
moved there and edited by Josiah Turner.
and from this the building took its name as
tne esennnei Duitaing. .
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