i I 1
WM. H. BERNARD, Editor aid Prop'r.
WILMINGTON, N. C.
Majkch 11, 1887.
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the publisher. - "
"Specimen copies forwarded when desired.
EDUCATION I2t BOSTON-BESCIiTS.
The moral training of the youth. of
the land is a prime neoessity. ; The
Star has urged this many times. The
idea of relyingupon mental educa
tion as a reformer and builder up of
character could never have originated
outside of New England. . The late
Horace Mann, an able and Bcholarlyj
man, was j an enthusiast on the sub-:
ject of education, and thought it to'
be the sine qua non of the age the,
great lever that was to lift the peo
ple of this country to a plane never!
before occupied by any people. Mr.
Man was a quasi infidel, we believe;
a sort of free thinker who had no
confidence in the Bible as the great!
educator of the conscience and the
true system of training the child in
" the. way he should go.
We refer to this now to call atten
tion to the condition of the public
schools in Boston, where the New
England system is found in perfec
tion. The Star has again and again
shown how the edn action oT the ini
folWt. made men more dangerous
. . i i H
wKipn tliA moral and religions nature
was left uncultivated. tfoston nas
paid out its millions of dollars anc
without stmt for educational pur
Doses. . Intellectual training was re
and the moral trainim
was neglected to a great extent. J
Mr. Stetson, a man of ability livJ
ing in Boston, has been examining
into the figures and has been laying
i - . .i -I
the result before the people, inere
are more saloons in Boston in pro-l
portion to population than a higt
moral sentiment would justify. It
has one saloon for every 123, persona
living in the city,
"barbarous" and '
That beats tb
"all hollow ":But farther 'Mr.Stetso
. . . i .i
shows from the statistics that ther
was dne arrest for every 12 person
.in Boston. This is awful.
shews that one. in every four of tb
rtpularfvn Luatlagcg tO get
rested during the year for omA
fence. And this is the boasted "high
S er civilization." If the Soutli should
' ever get to be as bad as that we veri
ly believe New Eogland would prq-
- pose to. evangelize it and 'make it th
chief missionary ground. '
The Baltimore Sun has a judicious
and thevghtful discussion of this Boa
ton exhibit. We avail ourselves of
a suggesti ve and pertinent paragraph.
It says: I
"But it is possible to overlook important
circumstances in seeking the explanation
of the increased demoralization of a city
like Boston. . The relaxation of parental
discipline bas gone hand in hand, it is true,
with the development of the idea that the
State or city should in a great degree as
Bume the parents' task in educating the
young, but it bas been attended by a revo
lution also in industrial methods.. Large
factories have taken the place of small ones,
and openings for the employment of chil
dren away from their homes at tender ages
have greatly multiplied. The struggle for
existence bas put an increased
upon parents to send their children
work, regardless of the character of the
persons with whom they would have to as
sociate. The school and the factory have
thus both to some extent withdrawn the
child from the parental eye, and have thus
lessened tbe mother's wholesome influ
ence. "- . " .
This is a very sad showing, jit
teaches a fearful lesson of how little
able is the mere training of the mind
to purify, elevate and
Ob, fair, beautiful Southland,
thou art often scorned, slandered,
misrepresented, misunderstood, jjby
Pharisees and the . Blind, but thou
all thy faults, thy short-
tby sins of commission,
still to be .dearly prized and loved by
thy children and to be held in honor
by the good and just everywhere!
We take courage. No such record
as Boston furnishes has ever
part of the white race in the
God grant in -mercy that
never Ijbe. We shall refer
Stetson's discussion at another
' GOING GONE.
i be stab tor the last nve or bix
years has warned the people against
the unwisdom of selling off their
wooded landstoLNorthern buy :ra at
low rates. It was declared again
and sgam that the fine woods pf tbe
State were certain to be in great de
mand in the future, and that -hen
theyoujdfetch . remunerative and
greatlynbancedices But j just as
soon as the buyers cama the selling
began and. tens oTthousands of acres
have been sold at one fifth J or one
tenth their value. The people in the
North are always on the lookout for
money making, : for investments.'
They have full pockets and they are
purchasing lands, trees, mines, rail
roads, &c, in the South and fortunes
are being made. Just in proportion
as the fine and useful . woods in the
North are being used up in building
and manufacturing is the eagerness of
. Northern men to buy up . and possess
the forests of North Carolina and
other Southern States. . :
" 1 The mineral lands in most States
have been purchased at a fraction of
their value. In the States nearer the
Gulf the publie lands have also been
8 I I
' ' ' : i J" ' r-
- mmMMMMmMM MWWMU-uiiiLM - - - " ; : r- '. " . . . ,,.. tha I
."gobbled up." The - New Orleans
'. Times-Democrat says: . ; . :
I ''More than half the Government do
Imaln In Louisiana and Mississippi has
been bought up at startlingiy low figures;
to, also, has a large proportion of the State
lands in these two States and in Florida, as
well as vast areas owned by private per
'sons. There have also been no less than
ifour purchases of over million acres each,
fwhile purchases exceeding 100,000 acre
jnumber more than a score!" ;; r-;
TJie prices did not exceed tl.50 an
Jacre. The timber alone ia estimated
to be worth from $15 to $35 an acre.
How slow does the South learn. The
Icry is "the boom bas . come," and
forthwith a "craze" to sell takes pos
session - and awaV eoes mines and
lands' and forests. The descendants
jof the unwise will talk hereafter of
toe follies of their fathers. ; :
- : . i.
:" FBOn A FBIEHD. '
A' native Wibalngtonian - and an
seful and reputable minister of the
ospel writes us from a North Caro-
ina town of the date ot zoin nil.,
Btrongty favoring the Cape Fear and
Yadkin Valley Railroad. He thinks
that Wilmington will be very moch
n its own ngDb u i ius w gri
be golden opportunuy. ne urges
at its railroad interests should jbe
stered, and says that Wilmington's
ture is in the hands of the business
ien. r rom nis sianaing pom -ii i
Uicidal not to cooperate with thej C.
P. & Y. V. K. R. in extending; its
line to this point." He writes solely
tor our own eye. bnti he has a lhor
ough interest in the welfare and jde
velonment of our town and we have
thnnfrht it not unwise to give the
y. " - : - w .
opinion of; an intelligent and loyal
son as to a great industrial and com-
mercial enterorise. We must tkke
7j I - i
leave to copy a few kind words rela
Vive to the Stab as the good opinion
Of fair-minded and intelligent men is
always to be desiderated. He says:
I j "Every time I read the Stab I feel like
grasping vour hand in earnest commenda
tion of yuur efforts to build up our 8tate;
and tsneciallT the Car-e Fear s.ction.
) I "I did not start out to give ny opinion to
you about this mailer; I am not so pre
flnmnluous. but ti:oolf to thank you 1 for
the benefits you confer on me as well as' the
public ia your strong position ror rignt in
morals a well a9 politics.
GLANCE AT TflB LEOISLAT1VB
The Legislature of. 1887 has de
arted. It was
a weak body
lectually. Perhaps . it was tbe very
weakest that ever met in this State.
But it did not accomplish as much
evil as some of the marplots and rev-
olni.ifiniuis designed and hoDed for.
T . j- , -1.
The failure to pass the Pearson pill,
.. . . . . , - ..
tbat was intended to destroy me pre
ent excellent and Jong tried
f County Government, was owing
o a Democratic Senate. 'I he people
Ho wed the Radicals and their allies
inr U-l .... f,.4 - r.n nn.: of I tko
House, and if the same unfortnnata
condition of affairs had happened to
the Senate the wheels of progress
would have been stopped and North
Carolina would have been set back
!en years by this time. It was en
irely owing to the conservative- ele
ments in the Senate that much mis-'
ebievous, malignant legislation ; was
prevented. ' .".'
iThe Democrats of the State have
n important lesson presented to them
just here. Having seen the great
dangers to good government, to hon
est and moderate legislation, and to
the welfare of the whole State in the
If ' ! !
sudden supremacy of Radicalism in
one branch of tbe Legislature, and
all brought about by tbe supineness,
the utter apathy of the' rank and file
in the State election of 1886, let them
prevent a recurrence of such a seri-
r. . ,i
ous and inexcusable disaster; 1 To
that end let North Carolina be
organized, we talk ot organiza
tion, we write of organization.) but
en there is no organization.
attempt in that way is very poof and
disappointing. With real organisa
tion in every county the Democrats
can sweep the State in 1888 by! more
that ' 40,000 majority. Without or
gaoizatior; the follies and evil results
jof 188G any be repeated. Said judge
Russell to us: "Whether you carry
North Carolina or not depends: upon
whe.Uer you 1 can whoop up: your
crowd." l his was three yeatsago.
jThat is tbe whole of it.' The
Democrats are largely in ( the
ascendant, but the trouble is j to de
rive tho proper bent-fit from this sn
premacy. The Democrats have a
shabby way of remaining at home on
the day of election and1 allowing the
result to take care of itself. This is
criminal. This is the way to ruin the
State. It is a hundred times more
important to have a State Legislature
and a State Government than it is to
have a Federal Government t under
supposed or real Democratic control.
Leastwise that is the way. we look
at it. i- , .. '.:(':
, The Legislature did : an excellent
thing in not making any new conn
ties. , None is needed. We give the
members all credit for this commen
dable failure. In this they have set
their successors an excellent example,
But there was another failure that we
regret and that is not excusable.! We
refer to making provision for the eon
structiou of highly improved county
roads.. As the. Richmond - Whig re
cently said so the Stab repeats, ex
cellent county roads are almost as im
portant to commeroe as the Iron rail
ways. We had hoped, that the need
ea steps would nave been taken to
perfect a system of ' main county
roads the benefits of which i could
only be expressed by millions of dol
lars.' f - ; -: : ; I
The action in depriving the Uni
versity of $7,500. of its support and
failing to return it in the shape of an
increased appropriation the Stab re
grets. The ; ; University . ought : to
have at least . $30,000 annually.
But after a year or so the very ob
jectionable .'free: scholarship offence
wm oe removea ana tnai is great.
gaioicJjetrthe Intelligence of the
State learn to .appreciate the . excel
lence of the University, and let the
rich and . well-to do men of the State
who are the friends of the University
go to work in earnest to raise a mp-
ftementary endowment ' fund ' for 'the
University. ;- yv bat do you eay r Jjes
a fund of. $150,000 be raised bo that
the University eball get $9,000 more
annually a fund always to be relied
upon. . This can be done if the real
frieuds of the University will go to
work in "dead earnest" to secure it.
We may refer to the Legislature
. ' .4.. v- - ! ' - .
again, it passed some neeaea ana
The closing proceedings- -were
marked by the usual hurry and im
maturity that seem to afflict all
American legislative bodies. Smel
fungus played his little part to the
end. He began the session by a reg
ular ring performancei in which his
clownish nature camei well to the
front, and he closed his fantastic an
tics by an attempt to insult all of the
Democratic; members. But he was
set down heavily upon and mashed
as 'flat Li the flattest flounder, ever
sold In Wilmington, his gasbag hav
ing been most thoroughly puncturca.
"A chunk of red eaostone
took him in tbe
And he smiled a kind of sickly smile, and
curled un on the floor:
And the subsequent proceedings interested
him no more." . -
When last heard from the assist
ant doorkeepers had him-in the room
of the keeper of tho capital, rubbing
him well with a nice combination of
paio killer, assafcetida and carbolic,
acid. His 'recovery is doubtful, as
his wind seems almost clean gone.
He . was, I however, jable to - say,
still imagining himself in the arena
of debate:! "Mr. Speaker, I was
the greatest of all tie Governors
of North Carolioa. No man In brains,
in education, in genius, in character
ever eqaalled Smelfungas. Sir, I'
was good and I was great. But now
all is changed, and here I lie with my
honors withered and my feathers all
plucked.! : Sir, in the language of my
favorite poet,' and please excuse rue,
sir, for I never quote poetry,
"So the struck eagle s're ,chd upoo tbe
No more through rolline clouds to soar
Viewed bis own feather on the fatal dart
That winged the shaft that quivered in b's
Tbe state j ttnard ini j tbe National
In the official "list of commands corres
ponding With the National TiiH eommiUea
as to entry in the May drill at Washing
ton, D c.J are the following North Ctro
Second Regiment North, Carolina Stale
Guards (infantry), Col. W. C. Jones, Wil
mington; JTayetteviIle bight Infantry. Uapt.
W. U. McUufflc. JTayetteviIle: Uompiny Y
Third Reeimer.t (mfantrv). CapU W. A.
Bobbitt, Oxford; Company ,. Fourth Reg
iment (infantry ) Capt. J. R Robertson ,
Charlotte: Governor's Guard (infantry)
Capt. G D Rand, Raleigh.
Tee drill will commence ou Monday,
May 23d, tnd end with Decoration DayJ
May S0;h , The aggregate of money prizes
to be offered amounts to $26,500. Tbe first
prize for infantry, for the bist company.
to be judged by inspection and by drill in
the school of the soldier, manual of arms,
and school of the company, is $5,000; the.
second. $2,500; thiid, $1,500; fourth. $1.
000; and fif.h 500. Individual prizts,
for tbe best drilled soldier, range from $50
to $100, and a bronze or gold medal. There
are right priz-s for rifle practice, aggre
gating $525 ! ';
So far, positive assurance has been given
of the htteodstiice of only two companUa
from this mate the Governor's Guard of
Raleigb. I nnd tbe Iodepeadent Light la
fantry of Payetteville. Te latter com
pany, by the i way. will no doubt attract a
great deal of attenlion in Washington, be-
ioit the olot'bt military organization in tbe
South, aud with one excepiion a Massv
chuslU company tbe oldest in the United
8utf-s, aLd having a most honorable record,
dating bick at least to the war of 1813 As
a-j organization it was Company H in tbe
famous Bethel regiment, tbe first troops'
sent from this Slate to Virginia at the be
gining of the war between the 'States. A
recent letter from Maj. W. F. -Campbell,
commanding the Iatk peodent Company, to
Col. W. C Jones, of the Second Regiment
Slate Guard, contains tbe following:
"We have adopted a new uniform. Of
course it is grey; a frock; coat or tunic,
with - three rows of . : buttons; trimmed
across tbe front with Dlaca oraia.
witU- tbe best gold lace' ornaments
on sleevis i ana same irimmtog .also
on the skirts. ' Pants about tbe same as the
ones we have now. We will also get new
helmets and new epaulettes. The officers
will wear shoulder knots. Three weeks ago
I commenced drilling twice a week and in
tend to try and keep evtn with the Gov-
err or's Guard as far hstbe number of drills
is concerned If we come to Wilmington .
in My I hope to shew you a eompany tbat
will make you exclaim with pride it be
longs to my regiment 1" " ; X : i
The Independent Company will attend
the encampment of the Second Regiment,
which it is proposed to hold in this city on
the 19th and 20th of May, and will go from
here to Washington . It is not at all unlikely
that the band of tbe-Second Regiment, the
Cornet Concert Club, will accompany the
company to the National drill. ' - T "
Tb Prleea of erode Turpentine. :
Complaints have been received from sub
scribers to the Stab living in the country
in regard to quotations of prices for crude
turpentine, as published in the paper. The
complaints alleged that . sales had been
made in this market at $2.80 and $2.85 for
soft terpentine when the price quoted was
$1-90. In explanation of the, matter we
can only say that the quotations published
$1.00 for hard and $1.90 for soft turpen
tine are the prices agreed upon by distil
lers here, although they admit that select
lots of turpentine will bring higher figures.
An inspector tens ua that he recently sold
two small lots at $3.80 and $2.85 per bar
rel, but that the purchaser was a shipper,
who after he had filled the order he had in
hand, refused to buy more at any price.
The distillers , take each day's receipts at
current rates, and when a shipper comes in
the market, to fill his order he has to pay a
good deal over the market price.
' : If you wish a good article of Pure To
aAcco.laek your dealer for "OiiD Rrr,n t
According to the St.' Louis-Globe
Democrat, the President thus deliv
ered himself as to the politicaljoat-
"Politics are. very uncertain. I may be
renominated, and I may not be. If 1 am
renominated the election is uot Bure. v If
the Republicans nominate Allison and
Hawley, Allison; will evidently carry In
diana. Hawley will carry Connecticut nd
New ' Jersey. I . should expect to carry
X)regpn and California!' . j r t i
Kotih 'Carolina will- be all right if
her will give'tffe 'country at simon
pure, '. trne-blue, warp and- woof
tion ,L Tnrn the Repablioans . out
wherever be .finds them, reoall all
bad appointments, do not play into
the hands - of .the monopolists - and
Wall street powers, stand by silver,
the people's currency, put his foot on j
the Civil Service tomfoolery, and let i
the' Democrats see that he is really a i
Democrat and means business. -North
Carolina wilt only be doubtful under
a big disgust. It had enough of Re
publicanism under Grant, Hayes and
Arthur and it voted to have straight-
out anti-Republicanism in . ' 1B86V
Plain talk, but the troth. He als
asked what about this State. - - '
Here is .horrible, story telegraphed
from Pari8: 1 . " " r
"The Temps asserts that the political
prisoners arrested in Sofia for participation
in the recent j revolt were whipped with
knouts during I the entire, night following
their arrest: that Al. KaraveloU is now ey
ing from the effects of the knouting he re
ceived, and that ' fire officers have already
died from the effects of their punishment."
Someof pur -exchanges are- very
kind in copying from the Stab, but
some are careless in giving credit for.
the same, j It is carelessness, of
course, but it deprives us of pleasure
and pro6t . j -;' ' .. ' ' ' " -. '.
7 Gov. BoblTaylor was burnt in ef
figy, at ; Lebanon, Tenn., because of
his course on the Blair, bill.' Asa
candidate he opposed, but in office
Bob. " '
" A political acrobat is
. The acceptance of Bismarck's war
measure is already an assured fact.
It pasted its first reading.
COUXTI AFFAIRS. - ,
Proceeding of III media; of Cmml-
- lonr Held eelrdy. ?-"
The Board of Commissioners; met in
regular monthly session yesterdaj at the
Court Hou88.J PreaenUH. A. Bagg, Esq..
chairman, and Commissioners Worth,
Moore, Montgomery, and Pearce.
The Treasurer submilttd bis monthly re
port; the general fund showing, a balance
on band of $18,496 59, the educational
fund a balance of $15,241.11.
Two bonds of the denomination of $500
each, and sixteen bonds of the denomina
tion of $100 each, with coupons, were
burned in the presence of tho Boaid.
The Regis or of Deeds submitted his
monthly repoi tj showing $22 80' received
as fees from rnarriAse ncen"eac'J'f i'-vi-i-.
The Treasurer exhibited the certificate of
the cashier of jibe First National. Bank;
showing the aggregate amonnt deposited to
the credit of the county to be $33,738 60.
The Chairman reported delinquent taxes
collected amounting to $204.50. v
L D. Cherry was appointed special sur
veyor on application of W. K Mayo, to
survey entry of laods in Federal Point
township, near Fort Fisher. - j 1
Commissioner Moore, chairman of the
Committee on tlospiUl. read his annual re
port, and on : motion the thanks of the
Board were tendered to the committee for
their management of the Hospital, and the
report was ordered spread on the minutes.
, The Clerk of the Superior Court reported
$25 received from the Carolina Chemical
Company, recently incorporated.
In the matter of the Solicitor of the
Criminal Court, it was ordered, 'hat in con
formity with the statute passed at tbe re
cent session of the General Assembly in re
lation to tbe fees and salary of the Solici
tor, the chairman of tbe Board be directed
to pay said officer the sum of $100 each
month in lieu of all fees and allowances;
and that all solicitor's fees taxed in bills of
costs against solvent defendants b3 paid by
the proper officers to tbe county treasurer,
he taking receipts therefor, and that this
order be and remain in force and effect un
til it shall be changed or amended in the
discretion ot the Board, from and after the
first day of March, J887.
Jo ror a for the Saperlor Co art.
The following is . a list of the .jurors
drawn for the j Superior Court for New
Hanover county which meets in this city on
the 18tb or Apriruex: i -
First wetk W. T. 8pooner, T. A Kerr,
Chas- M. Williams. . W. II. Scarborough,
D. O " Bray, js : P. Bardwick, 8amuel
Twining, WH. Munill, James Best, C.L.
Burriss, W. 8. Corbelt 7 ,
Second week W. -K. Bell, C." S. W.
Bissengcr, -Djj'. Smith, J. H. Strauss, T.'
B. Harriss, Wm. Wescott, Oeov Larkins,
Jno. Baker, J. C. Stewait,"!!, Q."Corbett,
J. A. Craii, !!dJ A. McClammy. r
Tbe Raleigh & Albemarle Railroad.
; A note from Nashville, N. C says that
cars are now running on the Raleigh & Al
bemarle Railroad each way, from Nashville
to Williamston; leaving Nashville In the
morning and, connecting at Rocky Mount
with the daily train north, and from Wil
liamston also, i Nashville and Williamston
are now terminal points. .
River Improvement. "
" , Oen. J. C. tuane, chief of the engineer
corps of the TJi 8. army, and. Col.. W. P.
Gralghlll, supervising engineer,, arrived in
Wilmington1 yesterday," and in . company
with Capt W. H. Bixby, engineer in charge
of river and ; harbor improvements is this
district, went down the river on one of the
government togs to inspect the works near
the mouth of the nver, - . : ; ..
The failure of the President 4o sign the
River and ' Harbor bill passed by the last
Congress will not seriously retard opera
tions on the lower Cape Fear, Work under
the contracts recently awarded by tbe gov
ment for dredging and furnishing stone
will continue, and it will probably be late
in the summer-before the contracts are
finished. ; ; - - -
. - i Diphtheriar
!'I am living in a ; neighborhood sur
rounded with Diphtheria and was attacked
with Ulcerated Sore Throat I at once
commenced j to r use Darbys , Propylactic
Fluid, diluted about one half, as a gargle,
when great dots of hkrd .membrane and
mucous came from my throat,. and the at
tack passed off. ' I am satisfied of its effi
cacy as a preventive and cure for Diphthe
ria." W. P. WoopwAHb, Frankfort, Pa. f
Lottery, , i
An inrestlfatton Into Its Legal
1 ; Status, Its Fairness lf .
DeacrlptlOB ortkalTtAeemfecr Drawing-,
With Other Facta.
' . -: ! v.
Na W Oblkahs, La , December 1.5.
, California has. been
a laree patron of the
Louisiana State Lot-,
jtery. It may be added,
parenthetically, that it
1 has also been particu
1 larly fortunate, in j its
investments in this dK
direction, winning many
. of tbe capital: prizes..
The chances of' win
ning in the schemes
of this company are thoroughly understood
by its patrons. It would be a waste of time
and of space to analyze the. schemes; the
only questions tha interest the lottery
ticket-holder are: Is the -scheme honestly
drawn? and. Is the company financially re
sponsible T To satisfy itself on these, points
a member of the Chronicle staff was 'sent
'from San Francisco to this city to invests
gate the affins of the Louisiana State Lot'
tery Company, and to witness tbe extraor
dinary drawing which took place yesterday.
LEGALITY OF THE LOTTBBT. - .
The first duty of the- Chronicle reporter
was to ascertain the legal status of the con ;
cern. "Does it have a legal existence?"
was tbe question be put to a leading mem
ber of the Louisiana Bar. and a gentleman
who will soon occupy a high judicial posi
tion in the 8tate, , j ;
Of" course it Las," be replied very
promptly. "Its franchise is now unques
tioned jn law. In 1868 the Legislature of
Louisiana enacted a law entitled 'An Act to
Increase the revenues of the State and to
'authorize the incorporation of The Loui
siana State Lottery Company, and to repeal
certain Acta now tn force., This Act pro-r-ded
that no foreign lottery tickets should
be sold within the State, and gave to cer
tain citizens named authority to organize a
corporation 'to protect tbe State against the
great losses heretofore incurred in sending
large sums of money to foreign countries
for the purchase of lottery tickets, to es
tablish a solvciit and reliable home institu
tion, ana to insure fairness and justice in
the distribution of prizes.' The capital
stock- wrfixed at $1,000,000, in shares of
$100 each. There were provisions for a
Board of Directors and all the -corporate
rights to sue and be sued, etc. The dura
tion of the lottery was to be for twenty-five
years. It was to pay $ 40.000 a year to the
educational fund, and was required to give
bonds, lb carry out these provisions. iThe
Constitution of Louisiana adopted in 1879,
touching the lottery question as follows i
Am cle107. The General Assembly shall have
authority to grant lottery charters or privileges;
Rraraed, each chatter or privilege shall pay not
sss than $400 per annum in money Into the
treasury of the State; and provided, further,
tnat all oaarters shall oease and eXDlre on the 1st
ot January; 1895, from which time all lotteries
are crohibited in the Btata
The $43,009 per annum no w provided by law to
be paid by the Louisiana btate Lottery Company,
according to the provl10DS,of lta charter irrant
ed in tbe year 3818, shall belong; to the Charity
Hospital of New Orleans, and tbe charter or said
company is reoognlzed as a contract binding; on
the Btate for the period therein specified, except
its monuDcly clause, whion is hereby abrogated.
and all laws contrary to the provision of this
article aru hereby declared .noli md void; pro-i---
nomDany shall file a written renun
ciation er au Its mpnorjolr ftnni In the omos
ot tbe Secretary of state within sixty days.af ter
u0 r.uHHHion 01 uus voubuiu ion
Tbese conditions were promptly eccep'.ed
by The Louisiana Lottery Company ; in
deed, this constitutional provision guaran
teed tbe Company exactly what it was con
tending it possessed a contract with the
State of Louisiana. This position has been
further strengthened by a decision of the
United states Supreme Court rendered
within a few days. An effort was made to
tax tbe lottery company under -an act tax
ing stockholders in corporations for State
and city purposes. This tax the Company'
resisted, on behalf of its shareholders, on
the plea that the Company had a valid and
bona fi le contract with the State, and that
it commuted the whole tax by the payment
of $40,-000 a year to the Charity Hospital.
This plea was supported by the United
States Supreme Court, which holds that
the lottery company does have a legal and
binding contract with the State of Loui-'
siana, and that any attempt to extort from
it a sum in excess of the $40,000 is illegal.
This decision, however, carries with it
a benefit to the Louisiana Lottery, some
thing more important to the mana
gers than, the mere saving of dollars
and cents recognition by the laws of Lou
isiana and of the nation as a corporation
engaged in legitimate business under a
legal and valid charter. This recognition
of the validity of contract gives The Lou
isiana State Lottery what no lottery has
ever bad in America since the days of
-Washington and Jefferson, when the Presi
dents were authorized to draw lotteries for
tbe benefit of the national capital a legal
existence for the period of its charter. -
V . a BSCOoinzKD rasTrnmou.
The legal status of The Louisiana State
Lottery is thus clearly and indisputably es
tablished. One cannot long remain in New
Orleans without discovering that it ;is one
of the recognized institutions of the city,
and one tbat possesses the fullest confidence
of the people. Whatever the rest of tbe
world may think of lotteries. New Orleans
believes in them. Interviews with the
Presidents of the leading Banks, merchants
and planters, not only proved this, but the
further fact that these men have faith in
the honesty of the management of the
drawing and the perfect solvency of the in
stitution. Indeed it is generally asserted
that the Louisiana Lottery is stronger than
any bank in the South, and all the banks
cash its prizes at sight Its stock, Which is
regularly quoted on 'Change, sells at $550.
Its par .value is $100. ; The management
comprises the foremost citizens of Louis
iana, financially and socially considered
men who are open handed, broad and liberal.-
C. Eohn, President of the Union Na
tional Bank, said: "I am not interested in
lotteries in any way, and am .opposed to
gambling in any form or guise it may take.
I do not think gambling should be encour
aged, hut if ever an institution deserved the
friendship of a people, Tbe Louisiana State
Lottery deserves the friendship of the peo
ple of this section. It has done,! and is
constantly doing, a great work for-human-ity.
No one can imagine the far-reaching
charity of that institution. Its vaults are
always open to the poor and the needy. ; It
is a rich corporation, perfectly responsi
ble, and conducted with the strictest integ
rity. - - - - - I T
J. H. Oglesby, President of the Louis
iana National Bank, a conservative, care
ful business man, who does not believe in
lotteries, said: The company is thorough
ly responsible, is carefully and honestly
conducted." --- ?n -
- A. Baldwin, President of the New ' OrV
leans rt auonai Ban ay said .that tbe man
agers of the lottery were thoroughly honest
men, responsible and charitable almost to a
fault. - - " - 1- -
P. O. Fazcnde, of the banking house of
Fazende & Seixas, Bald : "There is no
stronger or more responsible corporation in
America than The Louisiana 8tate Lottery
Company. The standing of the managers
in the community would preclude the idea
of dishonesty in connection with it. It
could not afford to be dishonest j Its very
life depends upon its honesty. It is strict
ly honest, and has the full confidence of
our people." - ; j .
These sentiments were expressed by
every prominent man seen by the Chronicle
reporter, and bis interviews covered fifty
different persons, in every walk of life. Not
one man was found who had an evil word
for the Lottery, though nearly all depreca
ted the drawing of lotteries. -J 1- .
; ' THE HAHAaBHEHT.' ; ;' ;' ' -V
The reporter . next presented himself at
the management of the . Company and
frankly stated the object of bis mission.
rw. m a: nimnhin the President orine
Company, promptly invited the reporter to
feel at uoertv toexamiuo
the establishment. The Company is the
owner of its own bnHding; at. the corner of
SL Charles and Union streets. It is a
handsome and substantial structure three
stories high, nd Is wholly devoted to 4 be
uses of the lottery An army of clerks are
engaged in keeping up the record of tickets,
correspondence and books of this corporation.-
The system of the offices is admira
ble. it is perfect. A complete- record is
kept of every letter received, and thou
sands of dollars pinned to letters in.wbich
they were received are found in a sort of a
dead-Jetter box, being letters that had not
been signed or gave a name and no address.
These are scrupulously cared for until de
mandismade for. the money by careless
eorrespondentfl, or . the persons are found
th rougb an, ad mirable system of tracers.
Tbe letters pertaining to each Drawing are
kept separately.' and subsequently, bound ;
with this record is kept another, showing
to whom the tickets have been sent,-so
-when the drawlair is over the winners of
prizes, as well as their, location.may be im
- - BXTBAOBDIHABY dbawinoI : ; .
Satisfied as to the legal and financial sta
tus or the concern, tne reporter aetermmea
to investigate the honesty of the Drawing.
This was an event in New Orleans. It took
nlace in tbe Academy of Music, which had
been specially engaged for that purpose. It
was an - extraordinary , drawing, the prizes
aggregating $523,000, including a uapitai
Prize of, $150,000, one of $50,000, one of
20.000. two of $10,000 and four of $5,000,
with many smaller ones.? The drawing of
this lottery was wholly in the hands of Gen.
G ,T. ; Beauregard, of New Orleans, and
Gen. Jubal A. Early, of.: Virginia. The
management of the Company had abso
lutely nothing to do with it. - The prepara
tions began on Monday and were not con
cluded until Friday: The scheme was based
on a! representation of 100.000 tickets.
against which 879 prizes were to be drawn;
Then! there were 1,300 Approximation
Prizes not drawn from the wheel, making
a total of 8,197 prizes. Tbe numbers were
printed on blue paper measuring, two and
one-half by one andone half inches. These
had to be carefully counted from 1 tolOO.000.'
Then they, were rolled up tightly "by means
of an instrument, or which au illustration
is herewith presented, and thtn inserted into
-a small rubber tube, of which a cut is also
given. Tbe prizes were also -printed
in cold figures and similarly en
cioeea m tunes. This count con
sumed five days, and was conducted
by Generals Beauregard and Early.
who were assisted in their laborious
task by a number of ladies in New
Orleans, 1 whose families were - re
duced in circumstances by the war.
The work was carefully, thoroughly
and conscientiously performed. No
mistaae was possible. iSvery num
ber was-there beyond a doubt.
When tbe count was completed the
tubes containing tbe numbers were
put into bags, which Were ; sealed
w th tho" autographs and private
seals of Generals Beauregard and
JSMly. These bags were placed in
a box and stored i a a vault The
lubes containing the prizes were
similarly sealed and stored: r Yes-.
terday these bags were conveved to
the Academy of Music and one at a
time opened by tbe Commissioners;
ana as opened tneir contents were
placed in a large wheel. The prizes
when opened were placed in
smaller wheel Everything was now
in readiness for the drawing, toward
; which at least a quarter of a million
of people looked anxiously and
hopefully. Tb.3 wheels are made
with glass bides, l as shown! in the
engraving accompanying this arti
cle. The ooe containing the num
bets, which is much tbe larger, was
plac&d on the left of the stage and
was in the special and personal
charge of the venerable Confederate"
. cavalry leader, General Early. The
Smaller wneei. wim the prizes, was
-tr tbe right of tho etagd under thn
.- .bone8t and vigilant -care-of another
distinguished soldier and eminent
engineer, Qen'l Beauregard. I There
were present on the staere several
clerks who registered : the prizes as
tney. were Tirawn, lour eub commis
sioners, Messrs. Rousseau, Pinckard
Hodgson and Boqx, and reporters
or me aauy press. At precisely 11
o clock tbe drawing began. The
tubes were taken from the; wheels
by blindfolded boys. There was
really no occasion for this precau
lion, since the numbers were thor
oughly concealed in the tubes, but
the Commissioners continue the cus
torn. : The boys are brought from a
local asylum and are well paid for a
few hours' work.' The scene was
an- interesting one, and especially
to a student of human nature. The
' house was fairly filled, many of
those present being strangers who wished
to satisfy themselves as io the honesty of
the drawing Many, however, had a per
sonal interest. These held in their hands
lists of their numbers, which they earnestly
scanned as the drawing proceeded. No
two men could be in strongeiscontrast than
(hose who 'conducted tbe drawing. Gen
eral Beauregard stands about five feet Beven
inches; his associate towers up nearly or
quite six feet, ? General i Beauregard wears
a moustache and Napoleon -of beautiful
gray. the honors of years, while! General
Early bas s long, flowing beard, which the
boys who campaigned In the Shenandoah
will remember, i It,'- too, gives evidence of
the hoary steps of advancing years. Gen
eral Beauregard has the thoughtful, steady,
reserved features of the engineer, while
General Early has the air and manners of
the man who welcomes the call to "boots and
saddle." Both are much loved and highly
respected here. ? They have the thorough
confidence of all classes of the community;
and are honest beyond a doubt jThey are
not stockholders in the lottery company,
and accepted the Commissionership in 1877
only on condition that if they discovered
anything dishonest they should have the
privilege of exposing it. . . - . tj
i ' ' -- : " - ' ' ' .-.'-.'", ".- If ' .
' . - - . LTJCKT KTTMBEB8. j' . ' 'i'l
; Those on the Btage were there clearly in
a businees capacity. They had no interest
in the drawing, save to see it honestly done .
With the audience it was different Anxiety
and expectancy beamed on every face. The
ladies filled the boxes and the balcony and
leaned forward in their eaeerBeea tn Mich
the numbers as they Were announced. They
Bceuisu to xorget everyuung arxmt them.
One clergyman was present, and the audi
ence included all classes of people. As
General Early announced the first number,
75,097, a hush . fell upon the audience.'
General Beauregard turned his wheel, and
i Tube containing aumber
. T !'''.) Wheel and scene cf drawing J' "..:-f - I:'
: 1 1 . . - - - ;
- 1 - : I 1 ,i ' - r
". .. . ! - - I'- )-- . 1. , .... , .. ... . .. ! ;
ihebov having drawn a prize, ine
Safd-ItOO which was the prize given for
fhlt .Tnmber.' For several minutes tbe
that uuraoet. jot when
r, ,rf .mm and said. In a-uisuncv
d clearton '$10.000 " and
passed through the andience,.
tne iucev uuiuvi i . .
I The wheels were turneov 10 taoiuusj
fai the tubes, after drawing twenty . mdvv
bers. and the boys were changed attbe ena
of every six pumbers, . . '
The drawing is somewua r,
Lm.t- . loofArl nnui S ociuti".
houra of diligent work, diffusing happiness
Kd wealth ier the nation The auojence
was evidently mterestea aojeij
capital prizef and when ticket 8444 won
is , rmn nrt KB. 794 brought some happy.
holder' $5,000 more there was not a .ur-;
mur, but soon a cbmkbwui"
semblage. General Early said "No. 87.-
409.'?: General Beauregard J?
deliberately announceo: -r jv.vw- .
spontaneous applause went up. a ood4uck
wish to thei happy bolder., 80 the work
went along until XHo. s,ii won
prize of $130,000.: That ended the interest
on the part of the audience which quickly
dispersed, leaving the Commissioners alone
to complete tne wur. . xiw -the
lotterv- drawn would question- the
honesty; cf the Commissioners. No s one
who has seen tne nanutui ot priz.e duu(,
.innraMfl of the twentv bushels , of num
bers, representing the possibilities of win-
wouid Wonaer wnetner tne iuhcij
hnncsUv - drawn. Still there might
hoort fraud in the lartre wheel, and to
satisfy himself in that respect the Chronicle
..nnriAF nrnnnsea to ascertain , it - mo iuu
mn non nnmhera were in the wheel.': As
aoon as the drawing was overtae control of
tha vhw was Tjassea over to nun. mbb
hundred of the tubes were counted out at a
Aime until 1,000 had been counted. These
were weignea, ana on tne oasis uiua ecumou
the contents or ine wueei were wsiguau
and found to be correct to the weight of a
hair. ' It satisfied the investigator oeyona a
a doubt that not a single number in ' the
100.000 was missing at the drawing, simply
cqpflrming his previous impression,
j . fobttjhe's favorite.
There was no Question as to the fairness
and honesty of tbe drawings. When tbe
tubes bad been weighed they were returned
to bags, sealed by the Commissioners ana
bv them locked ud. The prizes and num
bers were verified to.day by Generals Early
and Beauregard, and then published and
mailed to the ticket-holders. To-day there
has been a constant stream of lucky holders
pouring in and out of the 'office, getting
tbeir monev. Those at a distance send
their tickets for collection through the
banks or express companies. To test the
efficiency of the clerical department of the
concern, the writer asked Where the $50 -
000 prizs had been sold, and was promptly
informed "At Washington. D C, to ooe
man." : A good return on a ten dollar , in
vestment. j Desiring to know what the
Pacific Coast had won, the following list
I was given :
! io ooe
1 8an -Francisco
J Mojave -
Two negro laboring men of New Orleans
won $15,000 each one-tenth each of the
capital priza and there was joy on their
races when they received their money.- Ui.
Dauphin, the President of tbe Company.
then exhibited the list of ticket-holders,
showing to what sections of the country
the tickets were sent, and to Whom, thus
affording fan absolute protection against
fraud or duplication or tickets
: Everybody in New Orleans buys lottery
tickets. They do that as regularly as they
pay board bills. Not a ticket was to be had
in the city yesterday morninz at ten o'clock
The institution has a strong hold upon tbe
np.nnle nothing nennliar amnnif tha'T.itin
race. They believe in the responsibility
and honesty of tbe Company, and are ready
to take their chances on winning back their
money. And then the possibility of one of
tbe Capital Prizes! During eleven months
of loots the Company has paid m prizes
more than ?3,uuo,uu. The capital of tbe
Company is $1,000,000, and it bas a surplus
ot fi ouu.uyu. ; jsroryDoay tries to get some
of the stock, and it is held largely by wo
men. The payment under its charter of
$40,000 a year maintains one of the finest
and best equipped hospitals, in the world in
which the unfortunate of tbe whole Missis
sippi Valley are cared for. - But the liberal
hand of the Company reaches almost every
deserving charity in the community, and
hence its popularity to a large degree.
There is nothing ostentatious in its good
deeds, but they are for that reason appre
ciated tne more. . - j
'' ' . . -' CASTTKG LOTS.
While from time immemorial the Latin
race bas indulged in lotteries, the disposi
tion to grow rich on the turn of a card is not
by any means confined to that race. Sooner
or later nearly every one buys a lottery
ticket, and joy comes with winning. In
this, as in many things in life, men are
proud only when success crowns their ven
tures. The origin of lotteries is by ino
means mysterious or lowly. "Lot' implies
something hidden, and that which can be
known or awarded"nly by fortune or the
act of Ood. Lot and Abraham were seek
ing their fortunes, and when they "fell out"
they went upon a mountain from whence
they could see. all the East and West, and
Lot chose the beautiful . valley ; which
stretched away toward Jordan and Sodom
and Gomorrah. He was taking his chances.
He had to draw a prize, or a blank, in the
lottery of life. The desolating lire wrapped
his estates and. cities in flames, and even his
wife was turned into a pillar of salt-. That
was a hard "lot." It was by casting "lots"
that the eleven discipjes elected the succes
sor of Judas, and the famous missionaries
among the Indians, the Moravians, in the
early days married by "lot" and so mar
riage still remains a lottery. - Augustus in-
irouucc-a lotteries to the people of Italy.
About the time of Luther the Italian mer
chants disposed of their wares and cooda
and ships by lot. In 1530 the republic of
Genoa resorted to lotteries to maintain the
Government and there the first lottery
with - regularly numbered tickets (was
drawn.fi Frances L adopted the- Genoese
plan, and each purchaser of a ticket paid a
small sum as tribute to the Government
Twenty-one years later lotteries for money
exclusively were founded? and they were
conducted under the direct control of the
king iln England the first Dublic lottunr
was drawn in 1569, the profits being de
voted to repairing English harbors. In 1612
alottery was granted by the Crown to the
Virginia colony, and in 1680 one to supnlv
lxmdon with water.V In 1709 Parliament
passed lottery bills, and kept up tbe prac
tice regularly. In October, 1826,: the last
puoiic tottery was drawn under Parliamen
tary law in Great Britain. In Hamburg
and m Cuba lotteries are in full operation,
but pone of them with the safeguards that
have been cast about The iLnTu
tery. ' The. Continental CoZ
lished lotteries, and the "tab
were lotteries in anotherguise Unio11
' EXAMPLE OF WASHlNQTov
- Dr, Dauphin, the President of Th. t
isiana State Lotterv fi," -ln bod.
an excellent and systematic busing111?
nut an anuquanan, especially in thi. w
cial line. Among others, he has a S 8pft"
t Philadelphia under a iisolution
mui naaaaA In th!l-J.l-i. . lu" W Cnii.
: S57. f V6 This ticket fNo o.-, :.
title tne possessor to whatever tri7 J ?n!U1ii
The "Father of his Counirv T
teU a lie but he did officiate in a num0!
lotteries, and Congress authorized the P,?f
Presidents to draw lotteries for the &
of the national capital. riDe be"eflt
Amongiur. Dauphin's collections ,-i
ticket of the New Jersey College l1 4
John: Sergeant The lotterv ii fD5 b?
swinuie, . as
a .Presbvtprv fiio,i . "VBB
is shown by the history oMk
lished by the LiDDinmt.7 01 he
college published by the Lippincotts
Perhaps the most interestine of'.nLi.
collections is a ticket of a W. Bvrd'i I .
tery, drawn in, 1767. This, is iJort.
William White as Deputy Clerk of a 7, 3
in which it had been duly reeiswi1
White was subsequently ordained and ll
came a Bishop, and the real founder Tr
the Protestant Episcopal Church iu Aiiet!
The Amoskesgo Canal Lottery W.
drawn in! Boston in January, 1808 and on '
the ticket appeared this inscription :' "Rod
and canals are the grand arteries of inter
nal commerce." ' I '
Union College, New York, was endow
ed by means of lotteries drawn unde n
Act of the Legislature of 1805.
New Orleans had a lottery as earll j
it was drawn ior the benefit nf n1D at
In 1832 New Orleans drew lotteries Mi
improvement or pudiic roads, ami in i
the French Evangelical Church of tln ,
aiso arew one. ine present 'Treniium
ooous ut turn uuy are a lottery scheme
the interest being distributed in blocks by
lot, .after the manner of tho Austrian
loans. These bonds are popular, and com
mand a high premium. Indeed the people
of this city and State have been always
and are now, devoted patrons of lotteries
and they have the greatest faith in their
One person made happy by yeaterday'j "
drawing is the maid of Miss Kate M. For.
fcsyth, the actress. The members of j Miss
jrowyths company, now playing here,
were seized with the infection ofspecu-.
lating, and bought a ticket or two each.
Her maid bought a tenth ticket for $l She
won a tenth of one of the $5,000 prizes
and this morning received $5Q0 on her in
vestment. She is an exceedingly happy
woman, and has already sent for her hus
band to meet ber at Indianapolis to spend
Christmas week with her. The members
of the company are pleased over the jby of
the little maid. . j
- Such instances are numerous, and while
yesterday's drawing has brought disap
pointment to some, it has also gladdened
many a heart, and smoothed the downward
journey of life for hundreds. The writer
is convinced that every tickets bas a fait
and equal chance, that the lottery was fairly
and honestly drawn, and bas seen the
nrizes oromntlv Paid without deductions of
any sort, f San Francisco (Cal ) DailMChn-
nicle, JJee. 30. -
' Greensboro Workman: nm
bers of persons are found in this feclion
just noWj prospecting for various kinds of
Ash e vi lie Citizen: Bishop Mor
ris, of Oregon, delivered a most admirable
sermon in Trinity, Episcopal Church on
Sunday morning, eloquent, full of (gospel
truths. , and with manner and voice that
commanded unbroken attention. "
'' New Bern Journal: Hon. Thos.
J. Jarvis, Minister to Brazil, who is on a
brief visit to the country, arrived last, nigbt
accompanied by Mrs. Jarvis, and are the
fue8ts of our worthy townsman, James A.
iryan, Esq. Onslow dot: " Capt. K,
E. Terry has about oomnleted bis mill at
TOaWtrnv'a JVSTMtrfVA nnrl ia a mill t r Irinlr &t
Mr. J, G. .Thompson", ' the master ma
chinist, was in Swansboro last week on tis
way home with his three sons. Mr. T.
says tbe mill will aversgo at first j 30,000
ieet per dav, and will saw 60,000 feet per
day,-; I I
vnarioue uoserver: lieoree
Haltiwahger, a conductor ou tbe Air Line
uaiiroaa, was Kiiiea in Atlanta Saturday.
night, i Mrs. KL a. Means, formerly
ot this City, died in Liacolnton
evening at half-past eight o'clock,
residence of her -daughter, Mrs.
Pharr. The TJ. 8. Signal Office io
this city gives tbe following notice.! dating
from to-day : "The weather indications
have been temporarily discontinued, be
cause the Deficiency bill for the fiscal year
ending June 30, 1887, has failed to become
; 1 Qreerisboro News : YeBlerday
afternoon about 2 o'clock. Charles' Black',
nail, a Colored drayman in the employ of
Messrs. Peters & Tatum. stopped in front
of the store of Allen Hoskios, colored, and
calling mm to the door asked ror aoncens
due for drayage. Hoskius denied tbe debt,
and after some words on both sides, be
drew a 88 calibre pistol and shot Blacknall
in tbe left side. It is rumored that Black
nail had a musket in bis wagon with which
he threatened to shoot Hoskins, when the
latter fired his pistol, which did the mis-'
Raleigb News- Observer: Daring
the session of the Legislature thirteen hun
dred and fifty-four bills bad been intro
ducedup to yesterday at 12 o'clock and
tbey had been disposed of in a compara
tively slow- manner..; We learn that
Capt. E. T. B. Glenn severs his connection
with the. C P. & Y. V. R. R. sometime
this week. For several years past be has
held the position of car accountant! for that
company, a place of great trust besides
Glenn is a native of this State. The
Democratic Senate did right inj silling
down on the proposition to pay bonuses to
certain e'erks, pages and other employes.
The State is not in the way of making pfe'
sents to its servants. ; Bishop Lyman
has arrived in the city from . his Extended
visit to Europe. He is looking remarkably
well, and his trip seems to have helped him.
Charlotte ' Chronicle: Mif. M. &
Pride, of HenleysviHe, N. Y, his closed
the contract for tbe erection of a $50,000
hotel at Mt. Holly, on the Carolina Central
road, a short distance west of Charlotte.
Last Saturday night there wais a revi
val at the county stockade, and I Sunday
morning it was discovered that there wer
23 mourners. Fourteen out of the thirty
Biz convicts who. had been imprisoned i
the stockade had made their escape!, leaving
the twenty-two to mourn the absence of
their company. The Tryon Street
Methodist church seems to be taking
lead of all the other churches .in the num
ber of now members, tho roll of ij
church having been augmented, by H
names during the past three weeks. LaB'-'
Sunday 12 persons connected themBcivea
with the Second Presbyterian church, "
with the First Presbyterian, and at W
Baptist church, six persons were immersed.
We learn that there has been a large acces
sion to the membership of the various
county churches. , '
Raleigb News-Observer: It 18
verv nrobabla that thn Rn&rd of County
Commissioners will to-day order an elect"
on the question of local oDtion in Raletf
township for next June. A list of 1.
petitioners has been Submitted to the Bosw
asking for such an election. H Yester
day Gov. Scales granted a commutation oi
sentence to Allison Spreaks of Iredell coun
ty, who was sentenced to be hanged Marc"
18th for murder. The sentence is change0
to imprisonment for life. The Houi
wound up its sessions in the greatest buD-
bub and confuaion. Indeed all (the recea
sittings ot the body have been characterize"!
by a disorder most unbecoming a deWM
erative assembly. The people must expj
such scenes, however, when they send"!
Raleigh representatives without idue 8PP1
ciation of the dignity of democratic gover",
ment, or so wrapped up in schems for p1
Bonal advancement as to be i forgetful 0Ii
either the welfare or the honor of the b
The people of the State an to bo co .
k gratulatedn the final result of j the moye
an Institution is now to be established upo
a basis that will enable it speedily wj
come of practical value.