i'lie Weekly Star.
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I L M I WO T O N, .W. C
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X Y E A 11, I W AIIVANO K,
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Class Matter J
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TIliiTWO PARTIES IN TUB CON
VENTION OP 1T87.
Tlr.a being the
gary of the
vent ion in
agsembling of the Con-
Philadelphia on 17th
tulion for the
to frame a Consti
State-, it is a
arai!i into the
Great Charter of
We can only glance not exhaust.
Tlio treaty of
peace signed Sep-
temper ', 1783,
recognized each of
ree, sovereign an
is." I no articles of
between the States"
were to make it a "perpetual Union
Hat it was nofi "perpetual " and a
ne:r Union was made when the Con
stitution wa framed and adopted.
The last was not necessarily any
' than the first, and
oiilv th war
las given probable
... i . .
permanency to it. Massachusetts
and other New Englaud States were
anxious in break it up early in this
century, as all historical students
in January, 1
780, Mr. Madison in-
dueed v lrgima,
through its Legisla-
ture, to invite all the States
time 3nl place
to meet at a given
for the purpose of
corinlennr coirtam questions ot
trade. Four States, besides Virginia,
responded to the call. They dijd
nothi;i but in ,'ito ail the Stated to
. . !
meet Cur: vpption "to take into
coniikra!iou tjie situation of the
United Statef,"j and to make some
needed chancrr-s "to render the Con!-
Htit.utK'ii of tho Federal Government
adequate to the exigencies of the
Union," Ont of this grew the Con
yenuon ami the Constitution as we
now have it. The olject was to re
vise, but after the Convention met it
was found that there
wa a party
in the body led by
New York, and Madison and Ed
piur.d Randolph, of .Virginia, wh
wuru in favor of an entirely new plan
pf government. They were for doing
ftw3y with the Federative feature
were for abolii-hicg all States and
separate sovereignities and making a
grand National Kepnblic a strong
centralized power of one incorporate
Union. In other words, to wipe out
States and do away forever with the
old idea of a Federal Kepublic comH
poeed of distinct Sovereignties or
Stales. , . .
Mr.' Jefferson was in France. In
a lfitr-r to Mr. Madison in December.
HSC, he developed the, novel and
grand idea of a Government witn
three Departments "Legislative,
iExecutive and Judiciary." He showed
how all the difficulties of the past
coald be remedied by this wondroup
plan -how the States could continue
to be "one Nation as to all foreign
countries, and yet remain distinct as
to all domestic ones." By the time
the Convention met Mr. Jefferson s
general plan was much favored. But
tho trvincr Question the difficult.
diaUnbing question, was this : Shall
ine Government be Xjational or
Federal? Mark j that. Right herje
begins the struggle that continues to
this hour. Shall I the United States
Government be National or Federal
shall it be centralized or limited as
to its powers. The Virginia plaji
was lor a Strong Government,strange
to say. Madisoni and Edmund Ban
aoipli favored it. They were in fa
vor of domg away completely with
the Federal system. Randolph subH
mitted such a plan, and Hamilton,
coming from New York, submitted a
. Mr. Pinckney, of South Carolina,
was for the 1 Federal plan, and intro
duced one accordingly. Throughout
H provided a Government oi delega
ted powers. It ; was to retain the
federal features (not National) as
suggested by Jefferson, the great po
litical genius. ? i
The first vote was taken on the
first resolution of the Virginia plan)
to make the Government National.
TP-. lT r... . ... .... I
t'ja states ot tne thirteen were
nly present. The resolution was
adopted. Then tho other features
of the Virginia plan were , adopted --
a'l lookinfj to a National Govern
, "aent, or a single Republic. Not one
of many, but one. ! ' .
i Lut mark again. Was this the
via me national plan pre-
. ... Z '.
xou will see by reading far-
u, m voie was on May 80,
wu ouua zum eteven States
were present. Then what occurred ?
Before there had been only! eight.
New Ham pshire and Rhode ! Island
were not represented. ; On motion of
Mr. Ellsworth, of Connecticut, the
word National was stricken oat, and
the words "government of the j Uni
ted States" were substituted. ! In the
Madison Paper we learn that Mr.
Ellsworth, 'objected to the fterm
National: Government, and it was
rejected. We learn from the same
invaluable reoord of the illustrious
Madison;! VThe first resolution.
'that a ' . National Government
ought to be established' being taken
"Mr. Ellsworth, se-
conded bj Mr. Gorham, of Massa- I
chusetts, moves to alter it, bo as to I
run that the Government of the Uni
ted States ought to consist, &o.'
This alteration, he said, would drop
the word National, and retain the
proper title, 'the United States.' "
He says this motion was unanimous
ly adopted by the Convention.
Both Story and Webster have mis
represented what occurred. Yates'
Minutes contain a similar account.
The Northern consolidationists have
done a great deal of extra misrepre
sentation and glossing in their efforts
to break j the force of ' the records.
From the start, as soon as eleven
States were in Convention, it j was
clearly Been that a majority! of the
States did not mean to have an v
other Government than a Federal
one. Mr. Alexauder Stephens, ! wri
ting of this period, says: " It was
now found that Mr. Pinckney's plan
in the main was the only one that
could be adopted. By his plan all
Federal Legislative power delegated
was still to be vested in the Con
gress of- the United States; but this
Congress itself was to be diverted
into two branches, an upper j and
lower House: the concurrence of
both of which was to be necessary to
the passage of any law, or publio
measure." I I .
A great struggle followed between
those who favored a National i and
those who favored a Federal form of
government. It was on the question
of suffrage of the States. The Fed
erals insisted that the vote of each
House should 'bo by States! The
Nationals insisted that this equality
should not be retained in i either
House, but that they should vote
according to population and wealth.
The Federals finally agreed to yield
as to the House, but stood firm as to
the Senate, j Mr. Stephens eays "they
were determined to maintain ; an
eaualitv of political power in the
. i i
States severally, in whatever form
the Constitution might be amended."
There was! a dead lock over the
Senate. If any one doubts as to
what the Federals meant, read the
following announcement of their po
sition. as given by Mr. Bedford, of
Delaware, on July 2:
"That all the States at present are equal
ly sovereign sod independent. The
small States can never agree to the Virginia
plan (the National, i. e strong government.
Star) ana wny, men. jh aim urgea.
Liel us then ao wnai is in our
power amend ana enlarge ine uonreaera-
tion, but not alter the Federal system."
In the end the Federals triumph
ed. The new Constitution did not
differ from, the old as to any
law or measure being passed with
out i a majority of the States.
After this protracted straggle and
triumph of the Federals, the opposi
tion the Nationals led by Hamilton,
Madison and others, yielded to the
necessities j of the times, and then
heartily cooperated "in perfecting a
plan conforming to the outlines sub
mitted by Mr. rinckney." It is
well known that all of the essential
features of the bid Confederation
were retained, and a few important
changes' were made necessary "for
the execution of the Federal powers."
The Constitution as thus framed
was finally adopted by twelve States
North Carolina was the last to yield
of the twelve States represented in
the Convention, s The obiect! in
framing a new Constitution was
mainly to secure, as Mr. Stephens
very correctly states it, tho inesti
mable right of local self government
by the people of the several States
which was the controlling object in
thair common s truer el e for, and
achievement of, their independence.
We maf show what followed upon
the adjournment of the Convention.
Let it be noted here that it is a gross
misnomer to call Mr. Madison the
"Father of the Constitution" in any
other sense than that he was the first
to move in the matter of calling ' a
Convention, if such be the case,' as we
think probable. He cannot be said in
anv inat or nroner sense to be the
"Father of1 the Constitution", when he
favored a Great Nation and opposed
an Union of Sovereign States EPlu
rihu TTnitm one Federal (not Na
tional, mind you)
Government : by
several constituent States.
ferson was much more
"Father" of our present
tion.1 He not only first
tho idea ofj three Departments, but
he caused t.U t.adv Ammota
to be adopted. I The original Consti
a compromise, and was
much in distrust of the
was too strong with the
were intended to protect the States
against the I encroachments of the
Federal Government. They were
framed in the interests of the people
and in distrust of the too strong
Government 'that had been set up.
- 4 GOOD LETTER.
We publish ! a communication to
day from Maj. Finger, Superinten
dent of Puplio Instruction for North
Carolina. While we have not agreed
'with him as to the advantages to be
derived from ' such Federal instru-
ments as Blair bills, we are glad to
De Q harmony' with the views pre-
sented in his letter of the 13th in
stant. They j impress us as emi-
nently judicious I and timely. He
takes the right view of education
no doubt. The 1 enlightened men
of the S ,ate must . uphold his
bends audi cooperate heartily in de-
J 1 1 " 'i
veloping a broader, more systematic,
more thorough - common school ar
rangement. North Carolina is abund
antly able' to 'educate all of the chil
dren and she will be untrue to her-
,his i is done. She needs
id or blightug interven-
tion. A 61
mmon wealth of 1,700,000
spends over . $8,000,000
yearly in whiskey drinking ought to
expend $ 1, 000,000 in education. Do
yo unot think so reader?
James Barron Hope .was born on
the 23d j of 1 March, 1829. He had
done his day's work, eone home.taken
a meal, laid down and slept. His pa
per, the Norfolk Z,andmark, Bzya:
"At that time, 6 o'clock, ho rose to get
off the bed; and had put one foot to the
floor, when he suddenly drew his hand to
his heart, his face became deathlike in its
pallor, he leaned back on the bed and bis
spirit was in the presence of its God."
& few touching
death editorially in
words. Then follow the last edito
rials the gifted hand ever 'penned.
IT .,LJ?J, n e 1 1 i
now paiueuc i now inu or warn
ing ! In the account of his death it
is said: LI ! ! I -
1 J ! 1 I
'Of a lofty courage, which knew no
fear, be was as gentle and winning in his
manner as a woman, and to his friends as
true B9 steel; of a serene and wise philoso
phy, he clung with the strong tenacity of
his nature to Ihe teachings or bis child
hood, and he 'walked in the fear of his
Creator and; his I faith was in the Christian
religion." I ' - i .
He leaves a widow aud two mar
ried daughters. We are much grati
fied at the announcement that he lived
to complete his memorial poem.
Ex President Davis is out in a
letter in reply to Bishop Galloway,
of the Methodist Church, and it is
interesting! reading. The noble
Southern statesman, honored and re
vered, thoagh disfranchised and
without a country, says: j
"Disfranchised though I be. the love of
my life for the Constitution and the liber
ties it was formed to secure remains as ar
dent in age as jit was in youth.
'The Methodist Church South has been
to me the object of admiration and grate
ful atiectioD, because ot its naemy to prin
ciple, despite Ithe pressure of wealth and
power, by the zeal oi its unaerpaia minis
ters who hrtve gone along bye ways to pene
trate unfrequented regions and there
'preach the gospel to the poor,' Often has
my memory j recalled the prophetic viBion
of Bishop Marvin. Will it be fulfilled by
introducing politics into the organization
of the church he nobly illustrated ?"
North American newspaper
of Philadelphia is one of the oldest
papers in the Union. In its issue of
15th SeptJ 1887, it published a fac
simile of the first printed copy of the
Constitution pf the United States.
The exact dimensions, typrography
and contents of the four pages of the
Pennsylvania! Rocket and Daily
Advertiser for Wednesday, 19th
September 1787, are all reproduced.
Even the color of the paper is given.,
It is a good specimen of enterprise
and is a valuable Centennial offer-
The INorth American is the
old paper of
1787, and as such is the oldest daily
in this country.
. ; H
The receints of cotton yesterday
were the liijgest for any onci day this
season, amlounting to 2,125 bales, be
sides 272 bales brought by the steam
er Murchisoh, which are not counted
inthe day;s receipts being too late
to be posted at the Prdduce Ex
change. . ,1 ; I
The receipts for the week ended
yesterday are 9,442 bales, against 744
received the; same week last year an
increase of 8,707 bales,
ReceiptsJ for the crop year up to
and including yesterday, are 14,113
bales, against 979 bales received dur
ing the corresponding p6riod last
year an increase oi Dates in
the first seventeen days of this year,
The Btockj at this port yesterday,
ashore and afloat, was 12,066 bales.
The sales yesterday were 1,250 bales
on a basis of 9 cents for middling a
higher price than was paid at any
other South' Atlantic" or Gulf port.
Of yesterday's receipts 877 bales
came over the! Wilmington, Columbia
& Augusta Railroad, 337 on the Wil
mington & Weldon, 756 on the
Carolina Central, 155 by the steamer
Hurt and 272 (not counted) on the
steamer Murchison. I
Goldsboro Argus: We have
watched with I oeculiar pleasure the quiet
ease with which Judge Merrimon dilicently
WILMINGTON, N. C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23,
Juror for the U. 8. District Coart.
The following is a list of jurors
drawn to attend and serve at the Fall
term of j the TJ. , S. District Court,
which will convene in this city on the
first day of November next, viz:
New Hanover County D. A." Smith,
Clayton Giles, C. L. Graioin, Daniel
Klein,.J. W. Jackson, James D. Dry,
Samuel W. Skinner, Benj. Scott, J
T. Mclver, Patrick Donlan, Wm. Gil
christ, W. L. DeRosset, Owen Fen-
nell, A. ; M. Waddell, Jr., John C.
Chase, D. L. Gore, P.'H. Hayden. j ; T
Columbus County J. it. High
smith, S. A. Smith, M. M. Harrelson,
Henry Coleman, A. F. Toon. j
Duplin County J. C. McMillan,
Holly Williams, D. M. Pearsall, Wal
ter R. Bryant, L. M. Cooper. j -
Pender County R. M. Croom, John
A. Jones,! Stephen Fillyaw, Sterling
Allen, T. J. Bradshaw, W. C. Keith,
R. C. Johnson. ,
Bladen: County T. D. Love, :srs,
Mathew Byrne, Enoch Estes, A.I J.
Bryan. " ; v ,'. . .v.:1 j
Sampson j County J. W. Wright,
John Barden, Alvin Royal, Noah
Mitchell. T. J. Lee.
Robeson County-John Humphrey,
E. F. McRae, Robt. T. Carlisle.
Brunswick County S. J. Stanley,
J. B. Mercer.
1 Mrs. Carrie L. Hudson, of Brook
lyn, N. Y., was married to Mr. Daniel
Ducilhvj of Galveston, Texas, yester
day afternoon at 'Squire Millis' office
on Princess street. The contracting
parties are strangers in this city.
Both registered at the Orton house.
The lady was of petite figure, hand
somely dressed in light summer silk
trimmed with velvet, wore diamond
ear-rings and a black Gainesborpugh
hat. with black and white ostrich
plumesj The gentleman was becom
ingly attired in black.
The venerable magistrate performed
the ceremony with becoming dignity
in the back room of his office, using
the usual formula, "I pronounce yon
man and wife, according to the laws
of the State of North Carolina, and
charge you one dollar,"' which was
promptly paid by the groom. The
subscribing witnesses were Captain
Dossey Battle, Maior W; L. Young
and Col. W. H. Shaw. j
After the ceremony the bride re
quested a copy of the marriage certi
ficate, stating that her husband, had
good deal of property and! that
they had to travel a great way. She
said that they had applied to a min
ister to marry them, but; he
had gone to attend a funeral. The
groom had very little to say and, was
The marriage certificate issued by
County Register : Sampson, showed
that the bride was a daughter of "Mr.
and MrsJ W. R. Kyle, living at Phila
delphia.'? i Her age was given as
twenty-seven, and that of: the groom
For tne Penitentiary
Sheriff E.; W Taylor, of Brunswick
county, reached this city yesterday
afternoon, having in charge six pris
oners, recently convicted by the j Su
perior Court of Brunswick, and sen
tenced to imprisonment in the peni
tentiary. The following are the
names of the convicted men: I
John Chavis and Thomas Caison
white, of Brunswick, larceny of a bag
of coffee and a box of tobacco; five
years' each, j
John Young, a native of Ohio, and
circus man. larceny of a pair of
oxen; four years' imprisonment. :
Henry Clay Bruce, colored, of
Brunswick, larceny of sundry articles
which were found in his house; five
James Wrieht and James Williams,
colored, belonging to Wilmington,
larceny of corn from a field; two
years' imprisonment each. j
The Sheriff, with his birds, left last
night,! on the 8 o'clock ; train of
Carolina Central Railroad.
A Gold froapector.
Mr. ;Fred Poisson, who left here
some months ago on an adventurous
trip to the wilds of Africa, writes to
his brother, Mr. Louis J. Poisson, that
(at the time, the letter was written) he
was about one thousand miles north
of the Cape of Good Hope, in com
pany with a party of gold prospec
tors, i He mentioned, also, that on his
arrival in England he was suspected
of being a dynamiter, on account -of
the supply of arms and ammunition
with which he was provided for his
South African trip.
Tm Oil and Creosote Work.
The Carolina Oil and Creosote
Company find it necessary to increase
their already large plant, and are put
ting in ; additional retorts for j the
manufacture of wood creosote oil, at
their works' in this city.- The daily
out-put of oil is enormous now, j but
the rapidly increasing demand for
timber treated by the Company pro'
cess necessitates further enlargement.
Foreign Exports. - !
The British steamship Ray Qreen
was. cleared yesterday evening by
Messrs. Heide & Co; for Liverpool,
Eng., with a cargo of 5,100 bales of
cotton, weighing 2,448,744 pounds,
shipped by Messrs Alex Sprunt &
Son, and valued at $225,000.
The German brig Max was cleared
for Newcastle-on-Tyne, . Eng., .by
Messrs. E. Peschau & Westermann,
with 3,691 barrels of rosin, valued at
$2,600 and shipped by Messrs. Alex.
Sprunt & Son. .
First Cargo for Iilvorpool.
The steamship Hay Green finished
loading at the Champion Compress
and cleared yesterday for Liverpool,
with a cargo of 5,100 bales of cotton.
It is the first of the season and consid
erably in advance of the earliest ship
ment last year. : The first cargo j last
year was by the Cafbis Bay, -on the
5th of October, which was followed
by the Wylo, October 9th. The largest
cargo last season was taken out by
the Jessmore, 5,200 bales.
: ' - ? ' -
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS, i.
Proceeding of tbe Special Session o
tbe Grand Lodge at doldsboro. :
:,' V ',, ' Speolal to the Star. I -
GbliDSBORO, September 15. Accord
ing to announcement, the speeial ses
sion of the Grand Lodge K. of, P, took
plaee in this city yesterday, and there
was a goodly attendance of delegates
and members of the order. v ! V :
There were nine Lodges represent
ed: Nos. 1, 3T 4, 5, 6, 8, 22, 30 and 314 ,
The object of this , special session
was to elect a committee whose duty
it shall be to revise the constitution I
and by-laws of the State Grand Lodge
and the general laws of subordinate
Lodges,' and file a report thereof at
the next regular session of the Grand
Lodge for its action. This plan was
adopted so as to expedite the matter;
since final action can be taken on it
at the next regular meeting; whereas.
'otherwise, according to the customs
of the7 order, ifwouia be aeiayeairom
the next regular meeting till the an
nual meeting ioiiowing.
Tee committee for this purpose ap
pointed at yesterday's meeting con
sists of Messrs. T. D. Meares and J no.
L. Dudley, of Wilmington: Jno. M.
Sherwood and C. W. Lambert, of
Raleigh, and W. T. Hollowell, ' of
Goldsboro. - i i
The officers of the State Grand
Lodge in attendance were: P. G. C,
S. G. White, of Raleigh: G. C. N.
O'Berry. of Goldsboro: G. V.I C,
Thos. D. Meares, of Wilmington;
G.r P. pro tern, W. T. Hollowell,
of Goldsboro; G. M. of Ex., W. T.
Scanlin. of Fayetteville: G. K. of R.
and s. vrotem.. Jno. Ij. uudiey, oi
Wilmington; G. M. at A., JS. M. I'avie,
of Newbern: G. I. G. pro tern., 1. C
Prempert, of Wilmington: G. O. G.,
L. M. Dunlap. of Durham; Supreme
Representative, J. A. Bonitz, of Wil
The session appointed a memorial
committee on the death of Supreme
Secretary, Robert IS. Cowan, or St.
Louis, consisting- of Messrs. J. A.
Bonitz. S. G. White, and our towns
man Jno. H. Hill, who will report ap
propriate resolutions at the next
regular meeting, which will be ! held
in Greensboro on the 2nd Tuesday in
There being no lurther business tne
A grand banquet was given at night
by the Lodge of this city, at the New
The Black Stiver Boats.
The steamboat Enterprise was de
layed on her trip down' by an acci
dent to her machinery. The cylinder
head was blown off, when the boat
was near Stell's Bluff, about thirty-
five miles above Wilmington Wed
nesday night. She arrived here yes
terday, and will repair and be ready
to make her upward trip by this even
Capt. D. J. Black is bnilding a new
boat at Sherman's Landing, to take
the place of the Lisbon. It will be
finished in about thirty days, will be
eighty-five feet in length and eigh
teen feet beam, equipped with j new
machinery, and of light draft. iWill
have good accommodations for; pas
sengers, and a freighting capacity of
about 250 barrels.
Richard Smith, a colored man ! em
ployed at the depots of the W., C. &
A. Railroad in this city, to assist in
making up trains, was seriously if not
fatally injured last night at the depot
on Nutt street while coupling cars.
The accident occurred about 8 o'clock,
while Smith was engaged in making
up a freight train. As soon as dis
covered the injured man was taken
up and carried into the office of! the
company. He was in great agony. It
was . found that the left side of his
chest was badly crushed, the upper
part of his body being very much
swollen. Dr. Burbank was at once
summoned, and an ambulance was
procured and the sufferer removed to
the City Hospital.
Dealb of a Somewbat Noted Perion-
The Hew lork papers contain a
notice of the death of Mr. Edward
Matthews, who at one time, as bond
holder, had control of the Wilming
ton & Rutherford Railroad, now! the
Carolina Central. He died at New
port, R. I., last Tuesday. It is stated
that "Mr. Matthews had been in poor
health for some time, but he was able
to be out nearly every day. He rwas
prominent in real estate matters in
New York and elsewhere. He was a
brother of Mr. Nathan Matthews, of
Boston, who built and occupied the
villa occupied by Mr. James R. Keene
"Takes tbe Cake,"
Wilmingt6n still leads the South
Atlantic and Gulf ports in prices paid
Twelve hundred bales were Jsold
here yesterday on a basis of 9 cents
per pound for middling, and the
market wasrra at these figures.
Charleston was quiet at 9 1-10; Sa
vannah, steady at 815-16; New Or
leans, steady at 9 1-16; .Mobile, quiet
at 9; Galveston, steady at 9 1-16; Mem-
phis, steady at 9;
at 81 per pound.
The British steamer Nieosian, whose
arrival here is daily exnected, nas a
cargo of fifteen hundred tons of steel
rails for the Cape Pear & Yadkin
Valley Railroad Company. The duty
on this importation, at $17 a ton,! will
amount to $25,500. The Nicosian
sailed from Maryport, England, on
the 30th of August.
The last imnortation of steel rails
was in 1881.
A New Rice mill.
Mr. Wm. Larkins and 'Mr. Andrew
Flanner, who have . recently pur
chased the Point Peter plantation,
have had the rice mill on the place,
built by the late S. R. Potter, put in
thorough repair It will be equipped
with new and improved machinery
for milling rough rice and will soon
be ready for operation. ; .
Capt. Mills, of the British steam
ship Phoenix, at Charleston, S. C.
from New York, reports that on j Sat-
nrdav Hast, when thirteen miles
southwest by west from Body. Island,
ran very close to , a bell buoy which
was adrift. A: lie-lit wind from: the
northeast was blowing at the time.
ATcCarlgle not to be Extradited'
President's - Departure for ; Fblta-i
delpbla-Interest saved , ' tbe fiol
vernment by. Purebaee ofi Bonds'
n Invitation to the lreelden
to Visit' Jacksonville.
By Telegraph to the Morntug Stat
Washington. Sept 15 The Stcretar
or Biaie naas do proper grounds upon,
which to demand ibe extradition of Mc-j
Garigle, of Chicago.' The fact that Mc
Oarigle was aided to ft cape by British tut?
jects and was carried away from i Chicago
in a British vessel, his no lelt-vaoce in i bis
matter. These people will be answerable
to the laws of Illinois should they again
come within their jurisdiction. As to the
suggestion that tbe request for extradition
might be made on the ground of country;
the Secretary say 8 that it is not the practice
of thi? government in any case to ask for
the surrender of a fugitive criminal on this
grouDd, btcause it has Beuera) Iv and alpost
uniformly. been held that the United States
would be unable to comply with a recipro
cal, request. : j.
Washtkgton. Sent 15 The Presklen
tial party left here for Philadelphia at 4 p1.
m in a private car on the Pennsylvania
Railroad. . ' ' I
Since the issue of the circular of August
3rd last, inviting proposals to Sill 4 per
cent, bunds to the government, proposals
have aggregated $32,244,700. and of this
amount (10.500.000 bonds have been pur
chased by the Treasury. From computa
tions made in tbe Treasury Department, it
is estimated that by these purchases the
government has saved over one million
dollars in interest on 4 per cent, bonds.
Washington, Sept. 15. A committee
appointed by the Board pf Trade and citi
zens of Jacksonville, Fla , accompenied by
Senator Call, called upon President Cleve
land by appointment this morning, 'to pre
sent an invitation to the President and Mrs.
Cleveland to visit Florida. Tbe chairman f
the committee expressed the hope that the
President might make the visit during his
coming southern trip, or, if that should riot
be possible, on February 22d. when the
Sub-.Tropical Exposition would be in pro
gress, lue President ex pressed doubt of
his being able to visit Florida on bis south
ern tour, as now mapped out. but said ;he
would give the matter serious attention,
and hoped to be able to accept at a Inter
THE AN Aft VHIS TS.
Attempt to Secure tbe Services-! of
Roger A. Pryor for tbe Bomb
Throwers Petition for Executive
Clemency Tbe Knlsbis of Labor.:
By Telegraph to the Horning Star, (j
New York, Sept. 17. George A.
ocmiiing, ueiegaDea vy ine umcago;
Anarchist Relief Committee to secure-'
. 1 . Ml "1 1 i 1 1 ft . .
the services of Roger A. Pryor for the
condemned bomb throwers, was to-
aay in consultation wicn rypr.
JNeitner .Pryor nor Schilling would
state the result of the conference. ?
uhicagc, jsept. 17. Printed forms
of a petition to Gov. Oglesby, ap
pealing lor a commutation oi sen
tence for the condemned Anarchists,
have been gotten out and are now
being forwarded to all parts of the
country, x ne petition was drawn up
by Capt. Black, it reads as follows:
To iis jsxceiiency rucnara ; j .
rlesby, Governor of the State jof
linois: Tne undersigned, believing
that any cases involving life, humani
ty and the State are better served by
mercy than by the rigorous execution
of a sentence, the justice of which is
questioned by many of our people,
respectfully but urgently bespeak the
exercise or executive clemency in oe-
half of August Spies, Michael Swab.
Oscar JNeibe, Albert K. Parsons, Sam
uel Fielden, Adolph Fischer, Louis
Since: and George Ensrel: being: pur-
suaded tiaat sucn action on your part
will conduce to the peace of the
The Times to-day says, editorially:
The decision of the Illinois- Supreme
Court in the Anarchists' case will ex
ercise a powerful influence on i the
annual general assembly of ! the
Knights of Labor, which will meet at
Minneapolis on October third, and
thereby indirectly on the . labor
movement, and perhaps the very
existence or tne order of tne
Knierhts of Labor. It is intended
to bring the matter before the assem
bly at the outset, and pass a resolu
tion denouncing the decision1 and
demanding the interference of the
Supreme Court of tne U. S. Tins
move -will proceed from the radical
wing and thus will be an event in the
right on Grand Master workman
Powderly. The. radicals had j some
difficulty in passing their Anarchist
resolution at Kicnmona. Tneir nanas
have been very materially strength
ened during tne past year, and tney
now claim tnat tney will nave a ma
jority in the eoming Convention,
Reports received by those prominent
among the radical Knights in this
citv. assure tnem tnat ine radicals
have elected their delegates in nearly
all the big cities, and in many places
outside of tne centres oi inaustry.
They are very hopeful, not only pf
carrying tne resolution in ravorpi
the Anarchists, but also of ousting
the present conservative administra
tion. Tbe Anarcnists' resolution wjii
be used as an entering wedge to sepa
rate the two factions more definitely
than has hitherto been possible. If
the General Assembly is not disposed
to allow the radicals to rule, the lat
ter will withdraw from the Order and
attempt to break it up.
Betting Elgbt to Five In Favor of tbe
By Telegraph to the Morning Star.
New York. September 17. The result
of tbe contest yesterday between the yacuis
Volunteer and Mayflower, has made the
betting jump from even money to 8 to 5 in
favor of the Volunteer winning the Inter
national race for the American cup. A bet
of $5,000 to $8,000 in favor of the Volun
teer was made to-day at tne rrouuee ex
change. The betting last night at theaNew
York (Jlub House, was 7. 8 ana v to Oi in
favor of tbe Volunteer. It is rather hard
to find Thistle supporters with money ready
tnnntiin nn reasonable odds. Yachtsmen
pooh the allegation that Bell has wagered
750.000 on tbe Thistle, it the ucotenman
will steD forward they can find lots of
London Times on tbe American
Centennial Celebration.' j
By Cable to the Morning Star.j
London. Sent 17. The Times ' speak
ing of the centennial celebration of the
signing of tbe American uonsuiuuon : at
PhilaUelobia. savs: " ine iesuvai . cele
brates no ordinary kind of birthday. : The
United States have already won the way to
the foremost place among tbe nations; of
the world, and to their future development
of strength and wealth ho limit can be as-
oiirnorl Tim Pntiatttiitifin has been a com
promise throughout, and in no way more
clearly or usefully in the reconcilement! it
has effected between national anu ioca
claims." , J .
London. SeDt. 17. The latest reports
place the number of dead by yesterday a
radroad accident at iweniy-inree ana in
A Summary of tbe Crop to Date.
By Telegraph to tne Morning Star. :
Nkw York. Sent. 17. Receipts of cot-r
ton for all interior towns. 77.524 bales; re
ceipts from plantations, 143,799 bales; total
1.229.353 bales, of which 643.153 bales
vlHiniH Nil T)I)1 V til IXJLbUll 1U1 U1V TT UllU,
are American, against 1.025.527 and 662,-
827 bales respectively last year: crop in
sight bales. j
j obit u a nr.
James Barron Hope, Editor and Poe,
f or Norfolk, Vs.
! Bv Teieeiaph to tae Morning Huts, i
- Norfolk. Sentember 15. James Barron
Hope, editor and founder of the Norfolk
Landmark, and a distinguished poet, died
suddenly this evening of heart disease;, at
his home in this city. He was born on tbe
23rd of March, 1829, and was. a grandson of
the late Commodore James Barron, of the
' U. 8. Navy, and for three years before the
war was secretary to his uncle. Commo
dore Samuel Barron, of the U. S Navy.
Educated to the profession of the law; he
practiced a few years, and when the war
broke out enlisted in the Confedetate aimv
and obtained the rank of captain. ' After
the; war Mr. Hope - became a newspaper
editor, and successively edited tbe Day
Book and Norfolk Virginian, and in 1873
founded the Norfolk Landmark, of which
journal he was the head when he died. He
has published a number of prose and poet
ical writings of marked merit, and he won
an enviable 1 reputation as poet land
journalist. His mind was ' remarkable! f qr
its analytical and logical powers. He will
be best remembered by his .oxtn delivered
upon the occasion or the xorktown Cen
tennial, in 1881. Mr. Hope delivered an
ode upon the unveiling of the Equestrian
statue of George Washington in the year
1858. at Kichmond, and a few weeks i ago
he received an invitation from Gov. Lee,
ofj Virginia, i representing the committee
upon the laying of the corner stone or j the
liee Monument in Kichmond, on the 27th
of jOctooer next, to deliver ; a dedicatory
poem. This invitation he accepted, and
yeBterday finished his poem . j
Mr. Hope was at his office as usual this
afternoon, and appeared to be in unusually
good spirits. For two years he had occu
pied the position of superintendent of
schools for this city, and had labored zeal
ously for tbe advancement and improve
ment of all classes, both white and colored.
THE BLUEANiTtHE QUA Y.
Reunion at Mexico, Mo. Forty Thou
sand Visitors Feasting, Speaking
and Paradlnc tbe Order of tbe Day.
By Telegraph to the Morning Star. )
St. Louis, Sept. 15 The Ex-Confede
rate Reunion at Mexico, Mo ; was attended
by a large number of soldiers, yesterday.
who represented either side or iuu caunict.
About 40,000 people gathered in tbe little
city of 7,000, overflowed its corporate lim
its, but accepted of its bountiful hospi
A grand parade, with the veterans of the
successful side on the rigbt of the line, so
cieties and militia following, and the army
of "Johnnies" bringing up the rear, opened
the exercises of tho day. Banners of the
President were flaunted to tbe breeze on
the side streets, but on the line of march
these were conspicuously absent.
In a grave at the north of the city one
hundred cattle bad been barbecued, and
when the procession broke ranks mett was
served to the visitors at a large table, con
venient to the meat pits. j
In the afternoon orations were delivered
by prominent politicians, who found 'words
of praise for both Bides and a cause to fight
lor worthy of either. .
The reunion win close to uay. j
An Entire Family of Six Persons
iBarned to Deatb In New Orleans
i Tbe Fire Caused by tbe Explo
sion of -Powder!
I By Telegraph to the Morning Star.
New Ohleans, Sept. 16 At 112.30
o'clock this morning an explosion occurred
in the grocery store o: Dominica M,
Messina, at tbe corner "f Enghieh and
DauDhine streets, and a moment later the
entire building was on fire, and all escape
from the upper stories, where Messina's
family resided, was cut oft Tbe fire must
have been burning some t'.ms tjefore tne
explosion, which was doubtless caused by
the ignition of powder which Messina kept
tor sale. When the nremen reacnen tne
scene tho voices of the Messina lamiiy
conld be heard, mingled with the roaring
and cracking of the flames, crying for
help. Every effort of the firemen to rescue
the unfortunate inmates oi the burning
building failed, anu tbe entire family, con
sisting of Messina, his wife and four little
children, were burned to death.
Imports of Gold and Jtlercbandlse tbe
By Telegraph to the Morning Star.
New York, Sept. 17. Imports of
gold this week amounted to 4,855,
641. of which $4,797,941 came from
: Europe and $55,700 from South Ame
rica. Exports of specie for the week
amounted to $214,172, of which $5,100
was in gold, consigned to Europe,
and $209,072 in silver. ; Of the silver
$186,072 went to Europe and $23,000 to
South America. Imports of Sncr
chandise for the week amounted to
. Charlotte Democrat : As the
Chronicle savs. it is beautiful, though it is
very hard to polish, in the vicinity ot
Charlotte is the only place in the United
States where the leopardite stone orj rock
nas ever neen seen, iv una uevor ue.-u uuu-
sidered available for practical purposes.
On Wednesday last Mr. K. Y. Mo
Aden and Mr. T. L. Lomax left the city in
a buggy for a trip to McAdecsvills, On
reaching Sifford's Ferry, on the Catawba
river, and while waiting for the ferryman,
who was on the opposite side, tne noree
became restive and plunged into the river,
drawing Mr. McAden with him. The
horse swam across the stream, leaving Mr.
McAdan in the quicksana, from which he
was rescued. Some colored laborers near
by jumped into the river and cut the; har
ness, freeing the horse, which swam
ashore. It was a narrow escape.
Pittsboro Some': We regret
to hear of the death of Mr. Kis Holloman.
of Cary. He was a worthy gentleman and
a member of the mptist (jhurcu. we re
gret to hear also that diphtheria prevails in
Wake. Irene Young, a very interesting
little girl, died of this dreadful disease near
Carv last week. The series of meet
ings held in the Jttethoaist cnurcn in our
town last week did not result in any ex
tensive revival, but we confidently believe
they resulted in great good. Mr. James
H. Headen.and Mr. James O. Forrester
ioined the Church and , were baptized.
-i we regret to Deimormea mat tne
cotton crop does not promise to be as good
as it promised a few months ago. but the
corn crop will be abundant. The failure
of the fruit crop was a great loss to unav
Winston Sentinel: Monday
morning the train brought up three negro
women committed to jail by J. a. Kay, J.
P., of Kernersville, for committing an as
sault on a white boy of that place named
Avery White. Concerning the next
Congressman from the Fifth District, we
hear men speculate every day. Now they
sav it will be Scales, then Morehead is men
tioned and presently Watson's name is
ureed. There were 28 cases; tried
at the Mavcr'fl court during tbe past week.
Nearly all of them were for nuisance, with
one for illicit retailing. The amount of
fines (not including costs) amounted to
$132.50. Rev. Mr. Batchelorof the
M. P. Church, is conducting a protracted
maettng at Richmond Hill. Many converts
are reDorted and a large crowd in attend
Raleieh Chronicle: The Y. M. G,
A. is growing in Its good worn anu mem
hprahin " It has now 211 members. I
Messrs B. H. Bunn, George CL Battle and
Jesse Brake were appointed an advisory
or directing committee of tbe Rocky Mount
Fair. Mr. John R. Underwood was elected
Secretary and Treasurer Tbe following
were elected Vice Presidents for the 8tate
nt-Tju-ce: Colonel L. L. Polk. Elias Carr,
Colonel Wharton J. Green and Willis
Reid8ville Democrat: There is
horse in Reidsville aged fifty years
-4 Weldon News': The Ring wood
vineyard is the largest in the State. The
farm contains 65 acres in scuppernong
grapes an.d 20 in other varieties. Most ex
cellent wines are made, the nroduct lata
year being 38.000 gallons. A large quanti
ty ww ne made this season "
Raleigh Netcs Observer: Mai.
R. S. Tucker has a field of 117 acres in.
cotton near the city from which sccetdin
to the opinion of competent judges, be will
get 150 bales. The State Fair Ex
ecutive Committne have .determined !
hve a grand trades parade l on one day of
the fair week. We take it for eranted
that Justice Davis will be the nominee for
tbe place be now holds by appointment of
the Governor. The State has no more de- .
voted son than he, nor purer patriot, no
more faithful jurist
-4- Asheville Citizen:1 There were
quite a number of conversions and acces
sions to the church at the camp meeting
recently held a Flat Creek and Turkey -Creek,
both of this CJunty.; Prof. P.
". Claxton leaves to-dav to ssiist Pror
Aldeiman in the Goldsboro Graded School
for a few months. 'Mr. John E.
Hampton is erecting a ttore on North Main
street in an alley 6x30 feet, and has al
ready had 200 applicants for it. And yet
it is paid Asheville is not progressing.
-V Wadesboro Intelliaencer: No
doubt the wells have very much to do with
the sickness in Wadesboro at the present
time. Nothing is more productive of sick
ness than foul water. Sam Brown,
the horse and mule thief, wrote a letter n
the grand jury, in which he told them that
Mr. .Robert Iiowery, the constable of Whito
Store township, put a rope around bis neck
and swung him up to a tree, to make hint
confess. ; We do not know what action tb
grand jury took, . whether any or not, but
we understand that the Judge instructed
the Solicitor to issue a I capias for Mr.
Lowery and fetched in. Court adjourned
before got there.
- Charlotte Hornet: Information
has reached the city of an all round fight
at Kings Mountain yesterday, between tins
crew of a freight train and five tramps.
The tramps were overpowered and fur
nished with lodgings at tbe expense of tho
corporation. Parties from Cedar Creek.
township bring tidings of a regular tornado
that visited that section yesterday after
noon. ; Hailstones fell which were as largo
as a hen's egg. AH this time the wind
blew furiously. In Crab Orchard town
ship the same thing occurred. The blast
varying the monotony by' unroofing seve
ral dwellings. Tho damage done by the
rain and hail is very great, especially, to the
crops.. Corn and, cotton on tbe uplands '
have been laid flat, and ; on tbe bottoms
badly washed. ' Bridges that have hereto
fore withstood the ravages of previous
floods were demolished in an incredible
short space of time.
Shelby Aurora : Rev. J. M.
McManaway, of Wilson, preached two
powerful sermons on Sunday to the Bap
tist congregation. It is thought Rev. Mr.
McManaway will be induced to become tbe
permanent supply of the Shelby Church.
f Our community on Thursday morning
were shocked by the sad intelligence that
Miis Ray 8. Frick, a sweet young lady of
Shelby, bad died that morning. Mr
J. W. Lewis came home from the army ai
the close of the war, suffering badly from
a. wound in his arm. He went to work mak
ing and selling sorghum molasses and soon
got a start. He now owns two or three'
flouting ' mills. - The Methodists of
Gilboah have built one of the nicest
Churches in the county, on the Mariou -
road, four and a half miles from Ruther
fordton. During last week Mr. Deva-
ney Putman, who lives on tbe land of Phil
ip Martin, made an unsuccessful attempt
to commit suicide. The people of ltu-
therford county are rejoicing over the fuel
that the 3 C's road is certainly to be con- '
tinned on to Marion, and the 2 C's built on
to Chimney Rock.
Greensboro Patriot: Steps are
to' be taken to secure a re-unio.n of the
Bethel regiment, which lost the first soldier
on the Confederate side, during the war at
the battle of Bethel, in Virginia
About 8,000 pounds of gold ore from Richs
ardson gold mine, in Moore county, was
shipped from Ore Hill last week to New
York. Providence has certainly
trailed on the people of our land this year
ana especially old jNortn Uaroiina. The
oldest citizens cannot recall a single year
of their lives when a more abundant crop
of every kind of vegetation has been gath
ered from the ground. Mr. W. P.
McLean from Eastern Guilford was in our
office yesterday , and reports the present
crop of tobacco in Guilford to bo the
heaviest within his recollection not, how -
ever, m quantity, hut in quality,
The N. C. Tile and Brick Company was
formed at Pomona, in this county, about a
year ago with J. Van Lindley as President
loti tbe purpose oi manufacturing tiling,
piping and fire proof brick and terra cotta
flues from a Kaohne clay deposit aUaut
four miles west of Greensboro. The suc
cess of this plant has been somewhat pbe-
nominal and to day they are unable to fill
their orders. j
I Clinton Caucasian: Mr. Mil
ton Powell, one of the leading farmers of
Taylor's Bridge township reports a cotton
stalk seven feet high, with 287 bolls ami
squares. Mr. Major Strickland, a
leading citizen of Magnolia township.
Duplin county, died suddenly, at bis home
Wednesday morning, the
John R. Bishop, white,
horse-stealing, and was
years in the penitentiary.
plead guilty to
sentenced to 15
He begged for
mercy, and His rionor gave
him 5 years
under the limit. Mr. J. F. Shine has
upon his farm, near aison, a mineral
spring which he thinks possesses valuable
medicinal virtues, lie will soon have the
water analyzed. Mr. Abner Robin
son, a native of Sampson, but for many
years a highly respected citizen cf Magno
lia township, recently had tbe sad misfor
tune of losing his wife and a grown daugh
ter by typhoid fever. We are pained
to chronicle the death of Mrs. H. L. Ste
phens, which occurred at the home of her
mother, at Warsaw, yesterday morning.
J. D. Chesnutt. a white man indicted
for stealing cattle, Tailed to make his ap
penrance at Duplin court last week. He is
supposed to be in Georgia. The meet
ing at the Baptist cnurcn continues, mere
have been several conversions. Tho preach
ing of Dr. Hufham has been greatly en
joyed by our people. His sermon last Fri
day night is pronounced Dy many an extra
Raleigh News-Observer: The
Governor of North Carolina will . meet the
Governor of South Carolina at Greensboro
on the way to Philadelphia. What remark
will be made we will, in deference to the
views of our prohibition friends, decline to
guess. - We notice in the New Orleans
Times-Democrat a communication irom
Mr. John W. Albertton, jr., of Elizabeth
City, calling attention to the fact that
Jpage Martin, who went from New Bern
to Louisiana as Judge of that Territory,
after its purchese by the United States,
carried with him many valuable records
and papers of historical interest, from
which he wrote his history of North Caro
lina, and asking for information touching
the whereabouts of -those papers. .
Mr. Frank Dixon, a brother of Rev. Thos.
Dixon, jr., of this city, has decided to en
ter the ministry. He was a student of
both Wake Forest College and tbe State
University, and was known and acknowl
edged by his associates and professors as a
young gentleman of unusually brilliant
ahd powerful intellect He has recently
"been teaching in Washington Territory,
Vt Vn vnnlnno Ivifl nnfif ' thnf A ttflfl All
VIA UC0 ICDlfUvu uia pvoi muh
tered the Southern Baptist Theological
Seminary, at Louisville, Eentucky.
-ij Spier Whitaker, Esq., one of the
commissioners, left for Burgaw, Pem'er
county, yesterday to appear before Judge
Phillips at chambers, to request a confirma
tion of the recent sale of the Atlantic Hotel
property in Morehead City. Two
evenings ago some miscreants rocked the
train going west, between Mebane's and
Haw River. A large rock crashed through
a window and narrowly missed Mrs. N. H.
D, Wilson's head. There are now
about 190 students at Wake Forest College.
That institution is anticipating the receipt
ofi something big within the next few
weeks. Chapel Hill Dot: The
Shakespeare club begins the second year of
its existence under promising circum
stances Dr., Thos. Hume, Jr.. was re
elected chairman; St Clair Hester, secre
tary; Hayne Davis, treasurer. These with
Messrs. Little, Howell and Prof. Toy Com
pose the executive commitlee. TitusJAnd
ronicus is the next play to be discussed. "