Hie Weekly Star.
PUBLISHED AT "
I NO' TO N, N. C
t;i)0 A Jy K A It IS ABTANCB.
00 is e - 00 at o - 00 jj 10 gj j tg
ruteroil nt the Post Offloe atTWilmington, N. C,
tU as Second Class Matter.l
The subscription price of the Weed?
jinn is :is follows :
Single Copy 1 year, postage paid, $1.00
" 6 months, " " .00
" 3 months " ." .30
CONVENTIONS AND TAXA
TION. Several States have held Con ren
twns within a month or so. Of
thofe lu'it one asked for the abolition
of tlu Internal tax. Virginia stands
"sofiUT and alone."- North Caroli
na will stand by it next year. We
venture to predict that if theThirty
' seven State Conventions that will be
bell. within a twelve month that not
five will demand ' the tolal abolition
of the tax: on whiskey, beer, apple
jack, cigars, &c. Why should they
be jruil'yj of such, an injudicious
movement ? Why should any Dem
ocratic Convention abolish $120,000,
000 of taxes that are absolutely essen
tial in paying off the war debt, the
vast pension claims (some $80,000,
000) and other obligations incurred
by the war ? To wipe out the Inter
nal tlx on needless, hurtful luxuries
stokepp up a tax inevitably upon
the common necessaries of life.
But for the most unreasonable
prejudice vrv ever witnessed there
would be found none to war upon the
most reasonable, most judicious sys
tem of taxation. A tax upon cigara,
chewing tobacco, Bpirits, malt li
quor, wines, &c.,is a' tax not one cent
of which is paid by the producer.
Wipe ilToat and the producer re
ceives no benefit whatever. Take
c fl the whiskey tax, and yon can
buy it for ten cents a quart. That
will make it accessible to all and
drunkenness must greatly increase
Everywhere and especially among
the poorer classes. If a man can get
dead drunk on 5 cents worth of corn
whiskey he will be sorely tempted if
lis appetite lies that way.
The Republican p3rty is fighting
'hu Internal tax. They levied it and
now they are laboring to abolish it,
pretending it is a great affliction.
Qi course it is not difficult to pene
;rate their designs. The total aboli
tion of the Internal tax will give
them an indefinite hold upon
high taxes under the War Tariff.
When yon hear a paper talking of
thq tax on whiskey, beer and cigars
being "a most infernal and oppres
sive of all taxes," you may easily see
jthrough the foil j of euch a charge.
jWhom does it oppress? Not the
jproJucerj not the manufacturer,
oat the I consumer, ihe consumer
who dfrnks does so voluntarily .
There is no compulsion. He onlv
gratifies a morbid and depraved ap
petite, ho oppresses him? It is
his own let. He does it.
' How c r why is a tax on spirits and
haor nr,.l c : f 1
Certaioly it isaiot so because of the
excellence or necessity of these ar
ticlen. It must be because the man
ner of hollecting it is "infernal.'
Then why not change the plan? For
the last five years in a hundred ar
tides the Star has urged that the
plan of! collecting be changed. li
can bo done and can be made far less
But pay Borne, it is inquisitorial in-
Us character. Just so. but so is all
kinds of taxation- inquisitorial. It ii
i . -
roper, righteous tax, and i
the height of folly when
repealed. Outside of North
and Virginia you will
i Democratic papers de
the total abolition of the
tax on spirits, wines, beer, ' ci
garB, &c., save only that class that
Mor Protection. Papers like the
Aignsta Chronicle, Atlanta Consti
Mionj Mobile Register, and othir
Protection organs, but calling them-
"eives Democratic, may favor the
wiping out of the entire Intern
ia, bilt you will find the great Ta-
r'u Kfeform advooates-the Lduis
illo ifOurier-Journal, the St. Louis
Republican, the Savannah News,
the Charleston News and Courier,
' the Macon Telegraph, the Augusta
Oazelte all standing . up squareta
for a jretention of the needed and
"seful and just and proper tax on li-
flors wines, cigars, &c, and a great
rduction of tbe tax on the poor
man'4 necessaries that are now so
burdened with taxes under the pre
sent War Tariff.
The Now York Chamber of Con
j?ress has adopted a resolution favor
lng a: reduction of revenues. It ajsks
D? Congress upon the matter.
;. ; Ihe -Weekly
YrVT TTTTTt I . ! ! r . . " ' : ' ' " ' ' '
; , I
A SCHOOL BOIIK.
We note thai the school books of
Professor Alexander Bain are very
specially commended jby highly com
petent critics. He is Professor of
Logic n the University of Aberdeen,
Scotland. , His series is said to be of
rare excellence, j Hisj last book is
"On Teaching Englisn," and it has
been praised by those who have a
right tjo speak. We refer to him
now for a purpose. A great deal is
said it books about using Anglo
Saxon words, and some specimens of
this kind of writing are cited to show
how vigorous, simple and expressive
such writing is. jWe
have joined in
the chorus, and yet a'
1 along we felt
that the demand was absurd and that
no ereat masters of
nineteenth century observed such a
rule, but used words "of learned
length and thundering sound," as
well as shorter words that came from
the ancient and modern languages of
the world. There is not one writer
in a thousand who Btops to consider
while composing whether the words
chosen are Anglo-Saxon or of Greek.
Latin br some other
many writers of
what the derivation
they use is? , ' j -
We are not contending
abandonment of Angl
We say use the best
words in the
right places, and that
is the secret of
good writing. The
best masters of
English style have a
They know how to make melody of
words and make their sentences state
ly or flowing. Landor, De Qaincey,
Southey, Macaulay, roude, Green.
LeckyJ Ruskin all wrote or write
ith grace, elegance and felicity.
They had or have the art of English
composition in great perfection. But
none of these masters attempted to
command pure Saxon
Prof. Bain shows
the actual ab
surdity of such attempted workman
ship, j He sayB: i
"Now, to write continuously in anything
ike pure Saxon is plainly impossible.
Moreover, none of our standard English
authors, whether in prose or poetry, have
thought it a merit to be studiously Saxon
in their! vocabulary. Our greatest example
is. of course, the translation of the Bible,
where Saxon is used very largely, but not
apparently from any set purpose."
Milton, Shakespeare, Dryden,
ope, I Thompson, Cowper, Collins,
and, indeed ' the eighteenth century
poets generally, paid but little atten
tion to the history or origin of words;
They wrote out of full minds and
with such mastery and art as their
powers-permitted. Prof. Bain says:
"As to writing in pure 8axon style or
anvthing near it we should first sink the
science! and civilization of centuries, revoke
the Conquest, and restore the Heptarchy
We have not seen the Professor's
work. 1 From extracts from it that
we have read it must be strangely in
teresting for a textbook. ' The critic
in the; New York Times thus gathers
some of his views that are entertain
ing and just. He says:
"On the choics of writers to form style,
whether we are to study tbe older or the
newer ones. Prof. Bain treats in a very
common-sense manner.; Y5u must have
freshness of interest. "A canto or 'Uhllde
Harold' has not the eenius of 'Macbeth' or
of the second book of 'Paradise Lost.' " but
it is fresher. Old prose, even isacon s best,
has passed into literature until its interest
is exhausted. Bocon's maxims on the con
duct of business are completely superseded
by Bill Arthur Helps 's essay on the subject,
simply because Sir Arthur absorbed all
that was in Bacon and augmented it by
subsequent wisdom and experience, io
m&ke Bacon's orieinai a text book of the
rresent dav. whether for thought or style.
in to armlisn ine inree intervening centu
ries. I As Prof. Bain says, "their best ex
pressions are valuable as having the stamp
At eenius and are Quoted to all time, but
we cannot worz mem into ine tissue oi our
own family discourse,
is that instructors who
Tbe upshot of this
would teach nng-
lish from ShakesneareL
Bacon, or Milton
alone' will waste their time. n,xpianaiions
of metaphors, clearing
up doubtful pas-
sages certainly Interest pupils, but they are
not taueht the English
"In the fifth chanter
what is called 'the
intellectual Qualities of style' is discussed,
Prof J Bain makes the! three divisions of
Aimrilinitv. clearness and enerev. or im
pressiveness, ana lot a comoinawon oi
what is best in all these Macaulay 'a works
RANDOLPH TUCKER OH
, THE CONSTITUTION.
The Stab is a very great admirer
of Mr. John Randoloh Tucker, of
Virginia. It thinks it finds m him a
blending of ; very .high moral and
intellectual qualities. It believes
that he is one of j the profoundest
constitutional I lawyers now living,
and ono of the wisest, discreetest,
most honorable of statesmen. We
have for years watched his public
career with singular interest and al
most unmingled j satisfaction, j His
speeches and addresses have excited
our profoundest admiration, and his
votes as a Representative from; Vir
ginia have with scarcely an excep
tion been such as we would, have
given if occupying1 his seat. He is a
man of learning, of high abilities, of
strictest Integrity, of sincerity, of
wisdom and genuine statesmanship.
He is, and it is ( very important, a
sincere Democrat not an unfledged
neophyte, without a proper under
standing of what enters into such a
character: but i well informed,
thoughtful, decided disciple of the
I .1 ' ..... 1 .ti.J
great men or j ine paBi wuo mwu
l . S j. .. .. t....
the Written Constitution m lener
and in spirit under eyil ana unaer
good report? .
We delight to honor such a man .
Wo would be glad to have it in our
Dower to vote for him for the irresi-
He reminds us
" . !
,4- . a e a . wu m mm mm. Hnitir 1 11 1
I II--;--. ' r - , I I I i '
-,. ,:)' : : '(; i 'YW -.-;.-'-..'.... Yrf :Y Y.;,Y.C . I. Y Yj- ' -b. i A--. Y ". Y - Y--1YY " ', rA-;ri ;-A-Y-.::r:'Y;
those simple,- great j men gone who
were of the most spotless reputation
men who were rich !' in mental re
source, filled with argument, in "all
replication prompt I and reason
strong" men of highest honor, of
utmost veracity, "free from - gross
passion," "constant in Bpirit.'.' of
'purged judgmentierene, noble, of
high ideal and lofty, aim. Such is
the Virginian as 1 we have pictured
him to our mind. We nave not seen
him in the flesh and have never read
any description of his personality,
but his character appears io us to be
mirrored in his high sentiments and
inspiring views of
dutyj A great I
one such son as
this may well thank bod for the gift
and hope for other soub of like no
bihty. " :
What has lead
us to indulge
this strain ? Last
some two or three hours
reading of "The History of the Fed
erarUonvention of ,1787 and of its
work" It being "An Address de-
liyered before the graduating classes
at the Sixty-Third Anniversary
the Yale Law Schoo
1887, by Hon.
Tucker, LL. D."
measuredly concerning th
and masterly : effort,
great piece of noblel
it is not a
is not a stately, moving
the Websterian pattern
it is a
calm, clear analysis of wh
at the won-
derful fathers did when they framed
and sent out the Constitution of the
. ! I I -
United Stales.; It is a mpst valuable
statement of what occurred, present
ing in clear sequence what was done,
and giving the youth Of our time
the most needed information.
We can" wish nothing; better for
young men of this country North,
South, East, West-j-than that they
shall study and master jthis excel-
lent production, and incorporate its
lessons into their lives. jWe advise
every young man of fair intelligence
to get it and study pt. It is publish
ed at New Haven, by the Law De
partment or i ale upllege:. VV e sup
pose copies can be procured. Wedo
not koow the price, but 25 cents
would no doubt obtain one copy.
Ten times that sum could not se-
cure our copy.
Do not think yo
will' be treated
to fine rhetoric and
a' splendid eulo-
gy upon the Great
vJ barter. It is
not of that kind. It
is the reflections
of a patient and acute student who
has lived long and seen much of the
bractical working's of the instrument
cMm logical, phil-
osophical. Read it.
At tbe close there is a noble pas
sage which we copy; to-day. At an
oth'r time we hope to present some
of the dangers which! appear to
threaten the Union. These are point
ed out at tbe close of the address,
that fills some 49 octavo pages.
Tbe Partrldce Season.
Next Saturday, : the 15th October,
will usher in thej day that many
sportsmen have been longing for and
which has "been coming, all too slow
for the desires of many of the lovers
brother, there is a gOod time coming
and a long time in which you can
have your fun aftef it does come. The
olrt (rnn ran be taken from its rack
and oiled and cleaned for the slaugh-
tejr of the innocentjsj butdon't violate
the law in order tq be atead of your
neighbor and kill the handsome and
swift-winged bird (before the time
arrives in which you can exercise the
There are some
who have too much
respect both for
birds and law to permit shooting be
fore the regularlyf
and woe be to the;!
hunterJJ who has
the temerity to kill birds now, if he
be discovered. The interest they
will take in j that man will
follow him' W an avenging
spirit through the! months to' come,
and this year win ue a reu ieiier year
fit for sublime contemplation when
has left him nothing but the
pleasures of retrospection. ,
Apropos of this subject, a friend of
onrs tells of a hunt he had in his
front yard some
ien days ago. A
scattered covey of birds, coming from
some unknown locality, pitched in
his yard and began their cheery whis
tie, for some mate!, no doubt, that had
been led astray by the allurements
and curiosities of the city. The keen
ear of the sportsman was not long in
rieterminins: theirlnesting place, and
with a young setter ahead of him.
soon had the pleasure to see the pre
dominating instinet ofthe dog assert
itself and display that! instinct in a
I Charmed at the
action of his dog1 the fgun was forgot
t.fln:Vwith a dexterous move one bird
was caoturea. anu 111 bjjviu nuno
,1 , , , . 1 4. V.il
another was secured. This brace was
sent out to the suburbs by trusted
agents and given! their liberty. It was
a novel thinsr to see in the heart of a
mt.v or twentv-nve tnousanu. imuiui-
. . n , 1 . j - 1 vs
tants a covey of quail, land especially
iront yaru. ' ! J '
T.ot tbA birda rpfit one week longer.
then let the music begin; but friends
nnn nnortsmen. I be patient 'till the
last. : m -
Forelxn Export. I I !
Messrs. Paterson, Downing & Co.
ninnrArl the Swedish! barque Aker-
I , . - x-j-I Itjh-, int.
land, with 250 casks spirits turpen
tine and 2,761 barrels of rosin, valued.
at $6,707. 1 . !
Mr. Edward ! Kidder's Son cleared
the brig Edith, Itor jPort-au-Prince,
Havti, with 194,000 feet of lumber and
30,000 shingles, yarned ac ,oii.
ot some of 1 30,000 shingles, valued ax $,oiu. ui a- r - ! I
WILMINGTON, N. C, FRIDAY, ; OCTOBER 15, 1887.
C. if. & T. V, RA.IL.ROAI.
The Board of Audit and Finance Con
firm tbe AppolntmcDt of Commla
alonera to BUM tbe Railroad Offielala
Bat Reaervcs tbe Rl&bt to Accept or
Reject tbe Terms Agreed Upon.
The Board of Audit and finance
met yesterday afternoon at the call
of the chairman of the Board, , pur
suant to the adjournment of the
regular meeting held on the 3d inst.
There were j present: R. J. .Jones,
Esq., chairman, and Messrs. W.' I.
Gore, Win. " Calder, J. P. Maunder.
Mr. D. G. Worth, chairman of the
committee appointed at the meeting
of citizens, and several other gentle-
men were also in attendance.
Mr. Jones, chairman of the Board,
stated that the meeting was called
for the purpose of receiving a com
munication from the Board of Alder
men. ; - j- i " I ' f .
The clerk read the communication,
as follows: !
Resolved, That the Board of Alder
men, the Board of Audit and Finance
concurring:, appoint Colonel Koeer
Moore, Wm. L. DeRosset, B. G.
Worth, B. P.; Hall and Jas. H. Chad
bourn, commissioners to negotiate
with the .president and directors of
the Cape Pear & Yadkin Valley Rail
road Company, with instructions to
secure, if possible, the renewal of the
proposition as stated in the resolu
tions adopted at the citizens' meeting
oi tne otn inst., or some similar prop-
. osition. . ! - I . - -
The chairman said that he sup
posed that all that was necessary was
to reappoint the commissioners and
request them to reaffirm the action of
the previous commission.
A discussion sprang up as to the
duties and powers of the commission.
Mr. Calder said that in his opinion
there was a grave defect in the terms
agreed npon by the former commis
sion, in fixing the rate of interest
upon thirty-year bonds at six per
cent. Experience j had shown that
bonds could be negotiated at five, if
not four per cent.
After the clerk had read tne reso
lutions adopted at the citizens' meet
ing, Mr. D. G.' Worth arose and said
that the committee was present to re
port the action of that meeting and
to ask this Board to confirm the ac
tion of the Board of Aldermen, as ex
pressed in J their resolutions reap
pointing the former commissioners.
Mr. Kneinstem also addressed tne
Board, calling attention to the una
nimity of sentiment in the com
munity as expressed at the citizens'
meeting, in regard to the necessity of
making an effort to secure the exten
sion of the Gape Fear & Yadkin Val
ley Railroad from Fayetteville to this
Upon the conclusion of Mr. Rhein-
stein's remarks Mr. Calder offered the
Resolved, That this Board concurs
with the Board of Aldermen in ap-
Jointing BJ Q-. Worth, Roger Moore,
as. H. Chadbourn, Wm. L. DeKosset
ancvis. b. Mall a commission as au
thorized by Act of Assembly to
treat with the Directors of the Cape
pany for terma uponJwhich the City
of Wilmington may aid in its exten
sion from i Fayetteville to 4his city;
provided, that such concurrence is
not to be construed in any sense as a
final consent of this Board, as re
quired by the said Act of Assembly
to a subscription to the capital stock
or a purchase oi tne bonds ox said
railwav company: and provided, fur
ther, that nothing in this resolution
shall be so i construed as to prevent
the free action of this Board in ac
cepting or; rejecting the terms and
conditions that may be arranged be
tween the said commission and tne
Cape Fear & Yadkin Valley Rail
way Co. ;!
Mr. Worth asked if the proviso in
Mr. Calders resolution did not con
flict with the terms of the Act of
Mr. Calder did not think so. Both
he and Mr. Jones said that the Board
claimed the right to accept or reject
the action of the commission.
Mr. worth said that there was a
J difference of opinion about the mat-
ter. It was held by some persons
that under the Act of Assembly the
terms agreed upon by the commis
sioners and the railway company
should be submitted directly to the
people for acceptance; or rejection.
Mr. Calder read the; Act of Assem
bly, and argued that While the Board
had no right to alter the terms agreed
upon by the commissioners and the
railroad company, it had the right to
accent or! reject them. He added
that if the commissioners should re
turn with such terms as they did be
fore, requiring the city to pay six per
cent, interest on thirty-year bonds,
he should certainly oppose them.
Mr. Worth suggested that the
Boards meet in conference and agree
npon terms that would be acceptable.
Mr. Calder said that he had no ob
jection to a conference, but if one
was desired the Board of Aldermen
should invite it. I j
The chair finally put the resolution
to a vote and it was adopted without
opposition, and the meeting ad
journed. j I
Tbe Latest Fake, j
The red-headed girl and white
horse craze has not yet struck Wil
mington, i White horses are plenty,
but red-headed girls are scarce; and
probably I the thing won't work as
well here as it does at other places.
The craze has prevailed in Northern
towns for some time past, and the
"gist" of the thing seems to be that
whenever you see a red-headed girl,
you will see a white horse. As a red
headed woman walks along the street
she becomes aware of the excitement
she is creating! Every man who sees
her, stops short and begins to look
up and downior a white horse. Men
who see her pass a window, rush out
of the door to look for a white horse.
Tf aha copR into a store she cannot
but observe that the clerks slip to the
I window or doori looking for
horW and she sees men, as she
passes the promenade, signaling each
other and snouting oacK auu lerui.
. The Norwegian barque Monica,
637 tons, from 'Santos, Brazil, arrived.
in below5 yesterday and anchored at
the quarantine station.
New Poatal Rolea. -
The Pbstofflce Department has is
sued a circular stating that permis
sible writing or printing on theface
or surface of packages of mail matter
of the fourth class, in addition to the
name and address of iihe sender pre
ceded. 'Jby1 the word "from'?, and the
number and name of the articles in
closed, inay includeV;wlthout subject-'
ing them to postage at the letter rate,'
the occupation, trade br profession of
the sender printed thereon, with his
name and address, designating words
not, however,' to be more than neces
sary to give certainty to. the address
of the sender, as, for example, "Johni
Doe,:. Banker 100 Broadway, New
York," and a simple request to return
in a specified time if not delivered.
The usual notice to postmasters ask
ing to be advised of amount of post
age required for 'return, which will be
forwarded, is no longer necessary, 1 as
now'all classes of mail matter are re
turned upon ' request, and postage
when due collected upon delivery to
the sender. ' - r ' '
Georgia, Carolina & Northern R. R.
The construction of this line, it is
stated, is progressing steadily and
the work is being done in a manner
that ensures a first-class road in every
respect. It is to be built from Mon
roe, N. C. to Atlanta, Ga. The grad
ing and masonry, are nearly com
pleted to Catawba river twenty-six
miles from Monroe and it is expect
ed that trains will be run to the river
by January 15th, 1888. The distance
from Monroe to Atlanta is about 265
miles. Chester, S. C., Elberton and
Athens, Ga., are points on the line.
The road will pass through pro
ductive sections, both in South Caro
lina and Georgia. General R. F.
Hoke is the President " of the G., C.
& N., and it seems that he is as suc
cessful in building railroads as he was
in fighting during the war.
Salt for Dlvoree.
Divorce cases in the Superior Court
for j this county are getting to be
rather common. There were several
on jthe calendar at the term just
closed; three were tried and judg
ment in each case was given for the
party suing for release from irksome
matrimonial bonds. The last case,
tried on Wednesday, was that of Ro
bert Williams vs. May Williams. Both
plaintiff and defendant are residents
of this city. The parties were mar
ried in 1881, but had since separated
and it was alleged that Mrs. Williams
had been living unlawfully with one
George Ritter. The defendant ap
peared in court and denied the alle
gations of the plaintiff. The jury.
however, found a verdict for the lat
ter, and a decree of divorce was or
Hew ta Tola?
An item in the Charleston News
and Courier says:
The evidences are multiplying that
'all the cotton" from the Pee Dee
section of the State does not gravi
tate towards Wilmington and New
York by reason of "excessive port
charges" and all that kind of thing
Mr. J. T. Connor, a cotton factor
here, showed a reporter this morning
quite a number of letters irom Mar s
iilurl. Jeffrey's UreeK. ximmonsviiie.
Darlington and other places, in which
the statements are made that tne
shippers there find it to their advan
tage to send their cotton to Charles
ton, and that they propose to con
tinue shipping to this port.
Charleston is evidently making
mighty efforts to change the "current
of events;" but after all,, the expense
of handling the staple is greater there
than it is in Wilmington, and people
who are well posted know it to be a
Tne New Chief of Police.
The Board of Aldermen, at their
meeting last night, elected one of
their number, Col. E. D. Hall, Chief
of Police of the city of Wilmington
the position made vacant by the
death of Capt. H. C. Brock. Col.
Hall's experience and ability, and his
intimate acquaintance with all the
machinery of the city government
make him eminently fitted for the
position, and his selection by the
board for this important office, will
no doubt give general satisfaction.
As mayor and alderman he has been
identified with the city government
for six years past.
Smash-Dp on Hit Street.
A wagon drawn by two mules, be
longing to Messrs. Jas. H. Chadbourn
& Co., was struck by a freight train
and smashed to pieces about one
o'clock yesterday afternoon, at the
Nutt street crossing. The driver of
the wagon escaped unhurt, and so
far as ascertained the mules were not
Initired. The locomotive was back
ing down and moving slowly at the
time, and the driver of the wagon
thought that ne could inaKe tne trip
ahead of the train, but he missed his
The following is clipped from the
The editor of the Viraiman. in the
interest of others, would be glad to
have anv one related to Mr. Adrian
Williams, formerly of Virginia, but
more recently a resident of Wilming-
ton. a. u communicate wim juuau
Mr. W. was. we believe, a native of
Norfolk or JNansemona county, xsis
known that he had at one time
brothers in this city, Elphena and
I The cotton movement at this port
shows receipts the past week of 11,-
405 bales, against 13,800 the Bame
week last year.
The receipts for the crop year up to
esterday aggregate 49,996 bales; an
increase of 23,394 bales, as compared
with receipts to the same time last
year, which were only 26,602 bales.
Receipts yesterday were 1,543 bales,
against 1,369 bales the same date last
The stock at this port is 26,461 bales.
Exports for the week were 10j861
j. -.Four marriage licenses were is
sued the past week by County Regis-
ter Sampson; two for whites and two
fOr colored people.
An Ovation to Ex-Go?. Shepherd. -
t Washington, Oct 16. Ex Gov. Alt-x-ander
R Shepherd, who bus recently e
turned to Washington fropa a long sojourn
in Mexico, was tendered public welcome
home to-night by citizens of this city The
" reception took tbe form of a parnd?, in
which nearly every military company .io
the city, the Fire Dep-ntment. several tbou
sand citizens and oyer three hundred
wheelmen 7 participated. , . Gov. Sutp
herd - was c coned from his suburban
house.; .near Washington, by a com
mittee appointed . for that purpose,
to the reviewing stand ere -tod near the
south front of the Treasury, . where, . with
several hundred invited guests, he received
the salutations of the passing throng and
bowed his acknowledgments. The sireets
along! the line of march were densely
crowded, and locomotion was at times
difficult. The city was ablaze throughout
tbe evening with are -works At the close
of the review, tbe crowd demanded a
speech, to which Gov. Shepherd responded
in a few words of grateful acknoledgment.
Washington, Oct. ; 8 The Poitoffice
Department has arranged that hereafter.
during the prevalence of yellow fever at
Tampa, ria., all mails lor Key West aid
Cuban points will be sent down the Coast
line toTrabue. on Charlotte Harbor, -about
150 miles south of Tampa, and there he
transferred to ihe mail steamers, which will
make this point their northern terminus,
instead of Tampa. All the Tampa mails
will be fumigated at Lakeland
Tbe amount of bonds offered to the go
vernment today was $373,700. of which
$202,800 were four and a half per cents
and $U.400 four per cents. This makes
tbe total to date $13,378,850. which is
$623,150 less than the amount which the
Treasury Department offered to purchase
tor the sinking fund witnin tne period
which expired to-day.
Secretary Fairchild was asked this af
ternoon whether he would purchase any
more bonds, out declined most emphati
cally 4o define hi? policy on the subject. It
is not regarded as likely, however, that
auy tadical action will be taken uulets
some unlooked-for chaDge in tbe money
market should demmd it Tbe lime for
the purchase of I onds for the sinking fund
will not be extended It is explained at
tbe Department that while the Secretary
offered to buy $14,000,000 bonds for ibis
fund, it is yet an unsettled question whi
ther that entire sum is heeded, and whether
the amount already obtained will not meet
tbe full requirements of the law
Applications lor pre payment ot inten-gt
were received to day oo bonds amounting
to $185,000, making a total to date of $96,
Washington. Oct. 8. Judge Snel, in
the Police Court here to-day, rendered his
decuion In what is known as the "Musical
Boycott Case," finding jthe defendants
Linden, Wilde, Pistorrio; Callan, Caldwell,.
Sloan. Fullon and Fisher guilty of con
spiracy, and imposing a nne in each case
of $25, or ia default thirty days' imprison
ment. 1 he case is one or tbe nret tried in
this district, and excited much interest
among labor organizations The offence of
which defendants were found guilty was a
combination to prevent a bind master
named Krause and fourteen of his musi
cians from obtaining employment, because
of his refusal to pay the floe imposed by
the musical union of which he was a mem
TIfC PEABODT TUM.
Troeteee Meeting Appropriations for
the Bnaalnx Year, Etc.
Nbw York. Oct. 6. The trustees of the
Peabody Educational Fund met again to
day and deliberated over appropriations
for tne ensuing year.; ine amouni or
money that will probably be available
front the income of the fund is $68,000.
This sum will be distributed to the various
schools in the South on the approval of
the i executive and finance committees.
J. Pierrepont Morgan was reelected treas
urer, and u H A. Ureene was reelected
secretary, to whom a vote of thanks was
also onered lor his success and service
during the past year. Hon. W. A.
Courtenay, mayor of Charleston, 1 8. C,
was unanimously chosen a member in place
of ex-Gov. Wm, Aiken, ofS. C. deceased.
The same executive and financial com'
mittees were appointed for the ensuing
year. . i
The trustees adlournea to meet again tne
first Wednesday in October next. Many
of tbe members have already started for
Ex-President Davie Will Attend tbe
Confederate Reunion at Ulacon The
Prohibition Quaatlon In Atlanta.
Macon, October 7. In order to set at
rest the doubts expressed by many papers
of Mr. Davis' coming to the Georgia State
Fair, to review the surviving Confederate
veterans on the 26th of October, the follow
ing letter was given out to-night by the
President of the State Fair, Hon W. J.
"Beauvoir, Miss., October 3. President
W. J. Northern: Mv condition is not mate
rially altered since I bad the pleasure of
seeing you "here, but I have better reason
to hope that it may be in my power io at-
tsnd the Confederate reunion at ftiacon
than I then had. It has been my sincere
desire to be present on the occasion, and it
is now, as when we met, only a question of
physical ability to do so.
"1 am, respecttuuy ana truiy, yours,
j "Jefferson Davis."
Atlanta. Oct. 7. In view of the ap
proaching vote on prohibition in Atlanta,
the City Council asked the Legislature to
limit tbe district in which liquor couia oe
sold if the city should eo wet, and to fix
high license. This measure of restriction
and high license were advocated Dy tne
anti-prohlbitionists and opposed by the
pronibitioniats. i ne maner came up in me
Legislature to-day and the City Council's
bill was defeated, leaving the issue now to
be, plain "dry or wet"
Present Condition of tbe crop 'ine
Picking Season Nearly Over. .
f Bv Telegraph to the Morning Star.)
New Orleans. La..! Oct. 8. The
Cotton Worlds report of the crop for the
month of September, says: The prominent
feature of last month has been the almost
unbroken continuation of dry warm wea
ther over pretty much the entire belt, fore-
- . 1 !J
ing I run io mammy ana enaming a rapiu
gathering of the staple, and at the same
time destroying, except in a few sections,
any prospect for a top crop. As a result
of such conditions tne quality oi me
product grades high, though in localities
there is some complaint of recent heavy
rains damaging cotton, . and in others of
depredations by worms. Many of our cor
respondents allude to the unusual lightness
. i , . i . . m l . ' . 1s
OI tne Staple ana me airacuuy . oi uiamug
the usual weight of bales. The two Caro
lines - and Alabama have held up well.
while in Mississippi also the preponderance
of reports indicate an improved yield over
last year. Other States show greater de
preciation from last month, the falling off
being more marnea in xennessee ana Ar
kansas. Picking will be virtually over
through the larger part of the belt before
the close of October, and even in the sections
extending beyond that time, the picking
season will end much earlier than usual.
The following is the condition by States:
Virginia 83, North Carolina 85. South
Carolina 85, Georgia eo, moriaa 04, Ala
bama 81, Tennessee 76, Arkansas 77,
Mississippi 86, Louisiana 81, Texas - 78.
Average ior tne neit, ou.; : average last
year, 84,4. . s
A wife Fatally Poisons Herself,
Husband and Two Children.
i Chattanooga, Oct 8. David Ogletree,
his wife and two children were poisoned at
their home near Talladega, Ala., Thursday,
by drinking whiskey in whicn sirjcnnine
had been placed by Mrs. Ogletree. They
are all dead. Mrs. Ogletree had threatened
to poison the entire family, and yesterday
she carried out her threat
Outbreak of ITellow Fever at lam pa
. The Report Discredited.
Washington. Oct. 6. Surgeon Gen
eral Hamilton ; has received the following
telegram from: Deputy Collector Spencer,
at Tampa. Fla , reporting ah outbreak of
yellow fever at that place:
"Tampi. Fla.. Oct. Q.to Surgeon Gen
eral John . B. Hamilton, Washington,
D. C :
"Yellow fever is reported here. People
are uying. van i use ine tents nerer
8ignedJ j T. K Spencer.
; j - i Deputy Collector."
The tents referred to are those sent from
New Orleans some time ago for use at Eg
mont Key for refugees from Key West
Jacksonville. Oct. 6. Dr. Frank H
Caldwell, secretary of the Florida Health
Protective Association, which stands for
the State Board ofHealth, makes the fol
lowing official statement with reference to
the report that yellow 1 fever exists in
Tampa i j ,
: "There are a. large number of cases of
fever in Tampa which the locil physicians
'pronounce dengue. Dr. King Wryley,
President of the Florida Health Protective
Association, was in Tampa yesterday, and
saw several cases, all of which were
dengue. There have been only three
deaths in three weeks out of a population
of 5.000," i One man of dissipated habits,
The 'lucrcaae In the rrianaractare of
Cotton In the Several States A irioat
tiratifjlnc Exhibit. :
.By? Telegraph to the Morning Star.
Baltimore, Oct . 7. The Manufacturers'
Record for this week publishes a compila
tion of the increase in the manufacture of
cottbn in the several States of tbe South,
and the; percentage of proflt which will
average 'fully twenty per cent, on the cost .
Beginning with South Carolina, it says
the Pacolit Company, with 12 ,000 spindles,
is building another mill of equal size; and
the Pelzer Company, with 22,000 spindles,
is building another large mill At Marion
a $100,000 mill is in the course of construc
tion; one 6f $50,000 at Greenville; one at
Clifton, of $300,000; one at Benneteville. of
$200,000; one at Columbia, of $250,000;
andonqat Fast Mill, of $160,000; while
others are projected at Greenwood, Spar
tanburg, Anderson, Chester, Camden and
In North Carolina there is now building
a mill at j Lincolnton to cost $30,000; at
Big Fails, one of $60,000; at Concord, one
of $75,000; at Eronee, one of $200,000;
while others will be built at Davidson Col
lege and other points.
In Georgia, at Columbus, the Swift
Company has added $8,000 spindles to their
mill, atid the Muscogee, of tbe same place,
a new mill of 400 looms; the King Compa
ny, 70 looms and 800 spindles; and at
Augusta,! Clarksville, Americus, West
Point, Dalton andJSavannah large improve
ments are being made and new mills building-
1 i -!
In Maryland $250,000 have been expend-'
ed by the Laurel mills, while the mills at
Mount.Yernon and Elkton are being en
larged.! j i j
There are also notable improvements in
Texas nd Tennessee, all looking to the
enTargoment of plant, the present facilities
having been found insufficient
-. ' VIRGINIA.
Judge. Bond's Decision In the le
I brated Coupon Cases.
Richmond, Oct. 7. In the U. 8 Circuit
Court here to-day Judge Bond rendered a
decision in the four celebrated coupon
cases recently argued before him, perpetua
ting the injunctions heretofore granted
upon application of the bondholders. Tbe
effect of the decision is to enjoin and pre
vent 8tate officers from suing and obtain
ing judgments against parties who have
tendered coupons for their taxes Judge
Bond follows the reasoning of tbe U. S.
Supreme Court In the celebrated coupon
case of Poindexter vs. Greenbow, and
characterizes the "coupon crusher" and
other" similar recent laws or this State as
parts of a palpable scheme to defraud the
State's creditors and impair the obligation
of her contracts with them, and in sub
stance, an attempt to defy the authority of
the Federal government. The opinion also
says there was not even an effort made by
the State's representees to assert the con
stitutionality of these laws, their whole ar
gument being a denial of the jurisdiction
of the Court-to prevent great wrong and
in ary to the plaintiffs.
The opinion is elaborate in detail and is
considered one of tbe most important ever
delivered by Judge Bond. Rules for con
tempt against three county officers for dis
regarding the decision of the Court, will
be considered to-morow.
TELLO W FEVER.
Xhe Physicians Declare Its Existence
it Tampa Tbe People Panie-Strick
en and Fleeing the City.
Jacksonville, Fla.J Oct. 6. A special
from Tampa to the Times- Union, dated 10
o'clock this morning, says the physicians
here this morning pronounced the existence
of yellow fever. There are only two cases,
both of a mild type, and one death . The
people are panic-stricken, and the city is
being deserted. The fever is not likely to
become epidemic for several days, if at all.
There is little real cause for general alarm,
as th? weather is most favorable to health,
and an early frost is anticipated
1 Washington, Oct. 7. General superin
tendent Nash, of the railway mail service,
to-day received a telegram from t Division
Superintendent Turner, at Augusta, Ga.,
in which he says: i "Yellow fever at
Tempa, Fla. The Board cf Health will
quarantine at Lakeland." He asks for
instructions regarding transfer "of the mails.
None have yet been' given.
Jacksonville, Oct 7 People have
been reassured by the prompt action of
Duval and other county boards of health in
establishing strict quarantine against Tam
pa and points south and west, and issuing
rigiu urueiu u isuiauj on persuus uuui mo
infected city. Jacksonville is in a good
sanitary condition. Health in Florida was
never better than at present.
"Washington. Oct 8. Surgeon General
Hamilton this morning received the follow
ing telegrams :
"Tampa, Fla., Oct. 7. Four deaths
from yellow fever; about twenty cases; a
few of these have passed the fever stage of
seventy-two hours; many people have fled.
It may be necessary to establish a camp of
refuge in the country. Tbe mails can be
fumigated. J. P. Wall, M. D."
"Sandford, Fla., Oct. 7. Can you loan
me .tents for refugees from the epidemic at
Tampa. King Wiley, M. D.,
Pres. State Health Association."
In response to these Dr. Hamilton or
dered tents to be sent to Sandford.
The Surgeon General has sent a dispatch
to Col. . Haines, superintendent of the
Plant line of steamers, and the Savannah
- and Florida Railroad, stating that in bis
ludgment sleeping cars should not be al
lowed to go beyond Palatka until the
Tampa epidemic is over and the panic shall
The Carolina Central.
The last number of the Charlotte
Chronicle contains the following in
relation to the extension of the Caro
lina Central Railroad to Asheville:
i Through a party who has had a
conversation with a prominent offi
cial of the Carolina Central Railroad
Company, we learn that arrange
ments are really j being made to ex
tend the western division of that road
from Rutherfordton to Asheviile, and
that the extension will probably be
made in time for next summer's '
travel. The railroad officials have
been investigating the probable
route, in a quiet way, and now see
their way clear, j From what we can
learn, we would not be surprised to
hear of the early commencement of
r- Elizabeth City Falcon : r The
moat attractive and interesting case at Pas
quotank court was Eason, of South Mills,
vs. Dr. O. F, Baxter for slander The sub
stance of the complaint was that Baxter
bad said that Eason had murdered a
Georgian at South Mills, 1889. This was
denied. The trial occupied most of Friday
and Saturday J Eason was acquitted
' Revivals reported in the Ra
leigh Advocate and condensed for the Star:
Mt. Airy, 25 professions: Edenton Slrret
Church, Raleigh. i22 additions; Rladeu
Street Church, WilminRton, 10 additions:
Newton GroveJ 12 additions; HawRiver,12 '
additions; Keroersuille, 15 additions. Sum
mer Held, 3 professions; Double Shoals cir
cuit. 18 professions. 8 additions; Jackson
Hill circuit, 82 additions; Brooklyn Mis
sion, 12 professions.
Clinton) Caucasian: Dr. J. E.
Matthews leaves for Wilmington about the
15th inst His! place will be hard to fill.
- Died, in Kenansville township. Sept
umber 29, at a yery advanced age, Mr Wm
McGowen. His long and useful life was
that of an exemplary Christian gentleman.
Twenty-one persons joined the church
at Mt. Gilead last; week eighteen by bap
tism. Reis Jl T. Kendall and Z J
Needham, held a protracted meeting at
Pugh's School Houee, five miles south or
Clinton, last week,! during which there
were 27 accessions to the church recently
organized at that place Rev. T. W.
Guthrie, P. E. bf the Wilmington District,
preached at the Methodist Church in Clin
ton last Sunday j night. His sermon was
one of the ablest to which the people of this
community have had the privilege of list
ening to in a long time.
Wadesboro Intelligencer: A few
week ago Mr. B. F. I Scarborough, of Erie
Mills, Montgomery county, lost one son of
typhoid fever, and now another ton and a
grown daughter are down with the dread
malady, and are not expected to live.
Died, at her home in Wadesboro, on
Tuesday the 4th inst. Mrs. Polly Wheeler,
wife or Joseph Wheeler, Esq., of asthma,
and a combination of complaints, 'aged
about 40 years. - There was an attempt
at social equality at the depot hotel,, this
place, on Wednesday last. A troupe of
theatrical vagabonds en route from Wil
mington to Charlotte, stopped for dinner,
and a black wench accompanying them
flopped herself down at the table to the in
finite disgust of Col. Polk and others who
were present As soon as the fact was
brought to the attention of Mr. Drake, sbe
was forced to quit the house or go to the
Charlotte Chronicle : The
freight business of the Richmond & Dan
ville road at present, is simply immense,
and the main line between Charlotte and
West Point is literally filled with freight
trains. In one day this week, 198 loaded
ears came, into Charlotte bound North.
-Albert Starnes. the negro who was sen
tenced to be hanged on the 1st of Decem
ber next for an outrage upon the person of
Mrs. Polly Hyatt, was pardoned by (he
Governor and released yesterday. He has
been sentenced three times, and has been
ia jail about three years. The crime was
committed about December 1, 1884.
Isaac Kizer, colored, was brought to the
city yesterday by constables from Crab Or
chard and Clear'Creek township, and Jailen
to await trial before Judge Meares, upo
the charge of incest' His daughter, a cold
ored woman about 20 years old and her
baby, were brought along and also jailed.
New Bern j Journal : Hon." F.
M. Simmons has reappointed George G.
Ransom, of Craven county, cadet to West
Point, with Robert Dunn, of Lenoir, alter
nate. It was with feelings of sincere
regret that the members of St. Paul's R.
C. Church heard on Sunday last from their
paBtor, Rev. J. J. Reilly, the announce
ment that he had been assigned to the
church at Raleigh and would leave for that
city to-day. Onslow items: Rev. E.
A. Best, Missionary Baptist minister for
ovtr 30 years, died at bis residence at
Richlands, last Monday, tbe 26th inst. , of
Droncniai anecuons, at tne advanced age
of 72 years, -j Jones county dots: Our .
citizens have had a full crop of grapes and
the most of them are being mellowed into
wine. The timber boom yet con
tinues. There are confined in our
jail at Trenton nine prisoners; all co'ored.
Farmers report a short staple, with
too much seed for the lint, in the cotton
crop. j I
Raleigh Netes- Observer: These
reflections are brought about by the pres
ence in the city on yesterday of Prof. W.
8. Yeates, of the Smithsonian Institution,
Washington. D. C. He is here for the
purpose of collecting minerals for exhibi
tion in the National Museum. This insti
tution is supported by donations from the
people of the I United States. It therefore
depends largely on the public spirit of the
people of Any State to secure a fair collec
tion of its mineral resources. Prof. Yeates
is a native North Carolinian and naturally
takes more than ordinary interest in hav
ing the State fully and comprehensively
represented in this great national collec
tion. He is I anxious to have specimens
from every locality of interest in the State,
and to seenre them for the purposes named.
Those who are willing to aid themselves,
and at the same time serve tne State, are
earnestly requested to send Buch specimens
to him at Washington, or to communicate
with him at the above address.
McRae has presided as Judge of the term
of our Court now drawing to a close with
satisfaction to the bar. suitors and people
at large. He is unquestionably a man of
ability and 6ourage, and dispatches busi
ness with proper regard both to the inter
ests of suitors and the public. Furthermore,
he manifests a high regard for the majesty
of the law, and at tbe same time his sen
tences have been tempered with becoming
taercy. On Friday night last Sheriff
Horn carried down to Raleigh four con
victs, sentenced by Judge McRae last week
to serve terms in the penitentiary. Two of
the number were white men and two col
ored. James j Morgan, sentenced for two
years for horse stealing, and Bob Bikes sen
tenced for two years for stealing a gold
ring from Mr. D. H. Howie, were the
white men; and Anderson Gibson, sen
tenced for five years for robbing Mr. J. W.
Austin's store, and William Crow, the train
rocker, sentenced for two years, were the
negroes. They were a bad quartette.
. Wilson Advance: The Wilson
Cotton Mills have just put a new Denn's
warping machine in their factory, the sight
of which is well 'worth a visit The ma
chine cost $1,000, and with it one man can '
easily do the work of three on the old ma
chine . A gentleman who was in Tois-
not last Saturday informs us that a mer
chant of that place told him that there was
more cotton business in Toisnot last Satur
day than has ever been done in one day '
since the place has been in existence.
Mr. J. H. Narron canght his hand in Mr.
C. F. Finch's gin, while at wotk there last
Thursday evening, and had it fearfully in
jured. The bone was cut all to pieces, al
most John Eatman, a fifteen year
old boy, who was feeding Mr. Condary
Boykin's gin; last Saturday bad his band
also caught in the gin. His hand was cut
to pieces fearfully and his arm very much
cut with the saw. So deeply did the saw
cut into the quivering flesh that the gin was
stopped. It was necessary to turn off tbe
head of water and break the bruch wheel
before he could be taken from off the saw.
If there had been a full head of water at
the time the boy would, without doubt
have been killed.
Raleigh News- Observer : The
considerable increase in the assessed valua
tion of property in North Carolina is a
further gratifying evidence of the advance
of the State on all lines of prosperity.
There has been marked growth in material
welfare in every section. 8enator
"Zeb" Vance has been invited to make an
address at the State fair and is confidently
expected to be present The State Au
ditor will commence to issue warrants for
pensions about the 15th of November
possibly a few days earlier. Three
new convicts were received at the peniten
tiary yesterday from Richmond county ;
three were also received from Yadkin
county. Among all the many varieties
successfully grown in the State, none can
surpass the "James" grape, a native of
Eastern Carolina. The size it attains is
phenomenal, the berries when cultivated
measuring from 21 to 3 inches in circum
ference and Its flavor surpasses that of any
other known grape. It is a very dark plum
color, almost black. The sawmill be-.
longing to Messrs. J. H. Walker & Co , was
destroyed by fire this morning. ' There was
also a great deal of lumber destroyed . The
cash valuation of the property was esti
mated at $20,000, and the insurance is for