n;.. w.n'klY Star. )k:MB
Hit i I! . II II: OI M II II IT T -U TV W. 1 ITTT A -n- : ,
rUBLISUKD AT .
II 1 fro TON,
. wr s w 41 v
2s tsjjMiiiis'" ;
fEiiterled at the Post Office atJWUmlngton, N. C,
as Second Class juaner.j . .
Thk subscription price of the Weekly
Stab, is as follows : -Iim
Single Copy 1 year, postage paid, .
" 3 month
Mr. J. P. Batterehall has publish
ed a! work ou "Food Adulterations
and Its Detection." The peoplejare
being imposed upon in so many ways
by the manufacturers, that it is high
timd tbat the States had enacted laws
that shall protect the victims here-
after.' Any book thai throws needed
!ligh ou the.abuses and enables lejgis
aators and others to better under
stand the ways .and means resorted
ho by the adulterators of food is sea-
sonablo and welcome. While France
has long been active in protecting
consumers, and England has j for
years been in earnest in this matter
this country has been practically
asleep. The statistics show that in
England adulterations have been
much reduced, but not suppressed..
So yith France. . I
Adulterations vary as to their elan
ger ind abuse. Some are injurious
to pealth. Confectionery suffers
moB'i;: Teas are very much adulter
ated . Coffee is mixed with chicory,
earn mel, dandelion, mangel wurzel,
turnip?, beans, peas, &c. The New
Yorit Times says:
"There has been a regularly manufac
tured coffee bean like the sham wooden
nutmeg. Tbe made coffee bean had no
coffee in it. Sometime sgo an English
company came to grief where the stone of
the date was used as a substitute for coffee.
As tcj chicory. 'it can safely be asserted
while the addition of chicory to coffee is
largely sanctiOLed, and, indeed demanded
by the existing tastes of many coffee drink
ers, its use constitutes a true adulteration
and tjhould be condemned unless its pres
ence ia prominently stated on the label of
the package.' There is nothing in chicory
which resembles coffee, only the color it
gives to an aqueous solution. It is used be
cause it is very cheap. " . i v -
Cocoa and chocolate are adultera-
Ltt'd by thense oL cheap oils.- starch
flour, beeswax, fats, &c. Milk suf
fers immensely. In New York one
third is water. Oleomargarine is
much used in adulterating butter.
"We again quote from the Times;
"As to the opinions of scientific men on
the ssnitary effects of oleomargarine, they
are at variance. Prof. Atwater and there
la no better authority believes that oleo
margarine, when well made, 'agrees very
closely in chemical composition, digesti
bility and nutritive value with butter from
cow's milk.' He says, however, that ic
the interests of the public oleomargarine
should be subjected to competent official
inspection, 'and that it should be sold for
what it is, and not as genuine butter.'
Dr. R. B. Clark differs in toto from Prof.
Atwater, and believes that oleomargarine
is indigestible, insoluble, and, 'probably,'
contains unhealthy ingredients,
i "Our cheeses, those of the cheaper kinds,
are mixed with lard. We eat some little
of this sad stuff, but used to export a great
deal The' adulteration of flour is. not as
common as that of bread. The miller may
have but few charges brought against -him,
but the baker many. Bakers' chemicals,
to produce 'porosity in bread, or light bread,
should be sodium bicarbonate, potassium
bitartrate and calcium diphosphate. The
bicarbonate of sodium is generally a fair
article, but cream of tartar (potassium bi
tartrate) 'is far more liable to adulteration.
There is too often an excess of tartrate of
lime, and sometimes the cream of tartar is
sophisticated with such ingredients as
alum, plaster of paris, chalk, and terra
The adulterations of cream of t ar
tar and baking powders are numer
ous. Honey is enormously adultera
ted. Starch, cane, sugar, glucose,
syrup, &o, are used. The
business is the most hurtful.
line the adulterations are said to be
numerous and dangerous. The Times
''Young and vigorous stomachs, greedy
for sweets, take their dose of glucose in lieu
of tugar, the candy weighted with terra al
ba, with a certain impunity, but when the
candy has a lure of color given to it made
with chromate of lead, salts ot copper, and
arsenic zinc, white or Prussia blue, or sul
phate of baryta, it becomes poisonous, and
children die from eating these abomina
tions. Flavors are dangerous, for pear es
gence is anylic actate and ethylic butyrate,
and nitrobenzole Imitates the oil of bitter
almonds. There was a horrible preparation
sold some time ago, called 'rock and rye
drops.' made of glucose, flour, terra alba,
and flavored with . that rank poison fusel
' Oil"' . . -
In Mr. Battershall's work not only
the adulterations of tood ex
posed, but he discusses the means by
which the villainous work may be
detected. Of I course ale, beer,
brandy, &c., are largely adulterated.
The author treats these at large, but
we will not follow him. We are
content to simply point out the fact
that there are (wholesale adultera
tions of food dr nks, &c, and that it
i ' the duty of legislators to protect
ji.e people as far as possible by the
inost Btringent legislation. Good,
honest food is difficult to be obtain
d. ,A few vars back fl
W I WW u
dly doctored, but it ia easier to
get wheaten flour now.
H John W. Daniel made'"a
"'"Ceilt HDefifl." in Rof
..... .. . H Hi WW H H K L Y o VA MA
H VI- ; - r - i - - -- ! 1 -V--- 1 -f - !... - ,.h .- ? - -. .- T- -I
' : - ' ' i
FAITHFCI. TO I PART AND TO ;
: l . PKINCIPI.BS.
Our esteemed contemporary, the
Durham Tobacco Flant, does notta
vor the abolition of the Internal tax,
;bnt bows to the will of the executive
committee of the Democratic party.
It says: ' : J ' I
1'The Kant, therefore, falls into line, and
if the committee, composea oi aoie men
from all sections of the State, think it best
for the narlv to advocate and urge tbe re-
nptil of the Internal Revenue, the Plant
will lend its aid.', And although it seems
at present both an impracticable and an
unwise move." t j
The opinion c-V ten or twelve gen
tlemen on a public measure is worth
iuBt as much ! and no more as the;
1 1 i
opinion of ten or twelve other Demo
crats of equal character, equal age,
and equal intelligence. The Demo
cratic Committee was not appointed.
16 dictate a polioy in any sense for
10,000 Democratic voters, or to say
to the Democracy of the Union what
I The Stab is Democratic, is not
the organ of men or cliques or com,
mittees. It will support earnestly
the tickets nominated in 1888 if the
candidates are men of integrity and
a! trustworthy; as Democrats. It
has alwags supported the party nom
inations, it never kicked in any
election, however trivial. It will
not only advocate the candidates,
but it expects to, stand npon all the
plankB composing the National
Democratic platform, unless there
should be, some
very rotten timber
i The Stab expects that both
ties in North Carolina will favor a
repeal or the tax on. spirits, wine,
beer, cigars, ' tobacco, etc. There
will be no difference of platforms in
that particular, we suppose. The
Stab will not, therefore, discuss the
matter. But ! one thing is certain,
it will not stutlify itself, ad
vocate a measure it holds to
i, - i
be wrong and go back on a hundred
editorials to please any committee or
6onvention. The people may know
precisely where! to find the Stab.
When it opposes a High Tariff, Cen
tralization, Paternal Pedagogy, a
Gold Standard, free drinks and free
smokes, it means it. It believes with
all its might.! It professes to have a
conscience and it will never palter
with it. It professes to have honest,
ear, sincere, decided convictions as
to certain public measures and it will
not advocate ihe precise opposi te of
convictions ana principles, j it a pa
per is not true to its beliefs, convio-
Uo&sajidj)rinoipleB for what is it fit?
Can it be, trusted ?Ttlaay advocate
to-morrow a War Tariff, Federal in
tervention in the State schools, the
obliteration of State lines, the setting
up of a great Central Power at
Washington all powerful, the
election of a President for life,
the reducing; of all State - Courts
to mere municipal things and making
the Supreme Court every thing, and
so on to the end of the chapter.
Stand by your principles. Let others
werve, but be true to yourself and
,-ou will not be false to party or to
principle. That is the way, the Stab
It will advocate no free whiskey
and free drinks and free smokes, but
TJ, will do true and earnest work for
the triumph of the Democratic par-
ty. It believes
that the best inter-
whole country can be
much better served and protected by
Democratic supremacy than by Re
publican supremacy, it looks over
the past quarter of a century and
finds but little in -the Republican
arty to commend and a vast deal to
eprobate and spurn. The abuses,
he-usurpations! the violations of or
ganic Jaw, the waste and extrava
gance and venality and unfaithful
ness of the Republican party aroused
the people in 1876, and elect
ed the ticket of the opposition, but
'the Presidencyj was stolen. Such a
record is most damning. Under no
ciroumetances or changes could the
Stab be ever induced to advocate the
return of such a party to power
whose principles it antagonizes at
every turn, and .whose practices it
denounces unsparingly and honestly.
So the Stab purposes to abide , by
the action of j the National Dem
ocratic party, and to advocate the
great principles of the party as set
forth in convention assembled. If
the Congress shall repeal all internal
taxes, while the Stab shall think it a
big mistake, it will accept the situa
tion which it cannot change. If the
Democrats in North Carolina shall
put themselves in opposition to the
deliverances of the party of the
Union the Stab will not feel itself
bound to follow such a course. Tbat
is to say, it will not express itself! as
satisfied or convinced, but yielding
to the action of the Slate Con
vention for ihe time; as J to State
policy, will be as silent to those things
it cannot conscientiously accept or
The Stab does not anticipate,, any
difficulty at tW point. The North
Carolina Democrats will declare for
raising all the taxes for the support
of the Federal Government by the
tax levied at
the custom houses and
tot- the total abolition of taxes on
spirits, cigars, wines,; tobacco, &o.
Tbe Republicans in the. State will
take the same action, j This removes
all necessity t for discussion. Both
parties stand together; on the one is
sue. . The Stab submits to the inev
itable and will fight the Republican
party upon almost every other meas
ure. Its reoord in North Carolina; its
abuses' and oppressions; its advocacy
of doctrines that are inimical to the
people and their interests will give
the Stab a full opportunity to do
faithful service in behalf of honesty,
economy and good government., .
li the two parties in this State
shall both declare for1, Federal school
teaching in the States the Stab will
again be silent although it holds that
Blairism is a curse, and if carried out
will prove dangerous land destructive
to our institutions.
The Stab is not a political weather
cook.1 Tho principles of 1876: of
1880 and 1884, as formulated in
three National Conventions, are the
principles of the party npon which
it delivered battle j ana won a
victory twice in three contests. Are
these principles to be abandoned ?
Are Blairism and a Tariff equal to
raising $350,000,000 and other Re
publican doctrines to become a part
of the Democratic creed ?
An Interesting case j
A case of considerable interest to
the ocean cotton carrying trade has
been recently decided by a naval
court at Savannah, Ga. A few weeks
ago the cargo of the British steam
ship Resolute, at that port, caught
fire and was badly damaged by water.
The underwriters directed that the
cargo should not be discharged, but
the crew refused to take the vessel to
sea with wet cotton. The naval court
decided that the cotton mnst be
shipped; but the men remain firm and
say that they will not go in the ves
sel. The matter has given rise to a
great deal of discussion in shipping
circles, and the outcome will be
watched with' interest. The Savan
nah News says that Captain
Reavely, of the Resolute, has
received orders Irom the own
ers to reload his cargo and take it to
Liverpool, and the captain will act in
accordance with these instructions ,
The crew say they will not take the
cargo across under hatches and they
dare the captain to try and make
them. It seems pretty certain that in
the end they will be discharged and
a volunteer crew will take the ship
Shipping Commissioner Beckett
says that the British law upon that
point is that .when1 a crew is dis
charged in a foreign Iport the owners
must pay them three months wages.
Aperoentuso .f the WagaSjQL.
goes to the 1 English government,
which furnishes transportation for
the crew back to England. They
must be returned to an English port,
for the captains are required to ac
count for every man who may ship
Bears In Brnaswlck.'
The Postmaster at Excelsior P. O.
writes the Stab as! follows: "I beg
leave to correct a mistake in the re
cent bear story written by your corre
spondent at Shallotte. The number
of bears captured was corect; also,
the circumstances of the capture, and
the brave hunters named were the
captors; but Waccamaw claims the
scene of this noble achievement, as it
occurred within four miles of this
place, in that portion of Waccamaw
known as the "Big Neck," and a dis-
stance of at least fifteen miles from
Shallotte. As Waccamaw makes no
pretensions we think it but due to her
brave hunters to contest their claims
to fivalship in bear killing."
Foreign Exports Yesterday.
Messrs. Williams & Mnrchison
cleared the British steamship Seevh-
ville, for Liverpool, I with 4,788 bales
cotton, weighing 2,268,804 pounds and
valued at $215,536.
Messrs. Paterson, i Downing & Co.
cleared the Norwegian barque Moni
ca for London, Eng4 with 1,859 casks
of spirits turpentine and 3,225 barrels
of rosin, valued at $35,355.
Mr. Edward Kidder's Son cleared
the schooner Roger, Moore, for Anti
gua, with 175,009 feet of lumber and
335,000 cypress shingles, .valued at
Messrs. S. & W. H. Northrop clear
ed the schooner Jennie Hall for Sa-
vanilla, U. S. C, with 120,272 feet of
creosoted lumber and 325 creosoted
piling, valued at $4,736.21.
A Busy Day on tne River.
The river was alive yesterday with
shipping. A British steamship of
over 1,100 tons, two large barques and
a brig, all from foreign parts, came
up from Southport, besides three or
four schooners with cargoes from
coastwise ports. One of the barques
was of 820 tons- register and the
other 698. j
The' outgoing craft were, a steam
ship for Liverpool1, a barque for Lon
don, and two schooners for the West
Indies and South' America, respect
ively. - -
It may be of interest to many
readers of the Star to know that the
peanut crop of Southampton county,
Virginia, is almost an absolute fail
ure. The Norf oik Virainian says the
authority for this statement . is of
such a high character as to leave no
doubt that the farmers of that county
have suffered heavy losses. South
ampton is one of the largest peanut
producing counties in the Houth.
More than forty new subscri
bers to the Daily and the Weekly
Stab were received during the past
five days. The bona fide, paid circu
lation of both editions,is considerably
larger now than at any former pe
WILMINGTON, N. C, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11,
Tba Sneeden'a Island Dlspvte. .
Wm. Sneeden and Silas Sneeden,
whose arrest on an order from" the
Superior Court of this county was re
ported in the Stab yesterday, are
still in jail. The sheriff states that
the bond; of $1,500 required of the
Sneedens was not only for the appear
ance of the parties'at court, but also
for any damages that the complain
ants may have sustained through the
forcible occupation of the island. The
defendants endeavored to procure
bondsmen but failed, probably on ac
count of this possible liability for
The Sneedens claim that the action
is a civil pne, and did not justify the
arrest of the parties. Their attorneys
-Messrs. Thomas W. Strange, A. M,
Waddell and Iredell Meares have
served notice upon the plaintiffs that
a motion! to vacate the order of arrest.
will be made before "Judge Phillips,
at Kinstbn, on the 14th inst, and for
an order for the restitution of the
premises described in the complaint
to the defendant, Wm. Sneeden.
In the meantime the island is in the.
possession of two trusted adherents of
the plaintiffs, who are strongly en
trenched and fortified and provisioned
to withstand a seige.
Flood In! Tar Klver.
A1 corresnondent writing from
Rocky Mount says that the continued
rains nave submerged all tne low
lands on Tar river, which is higher
than ever kn6wn before, being two to
three feet higher than in 1867. It is
reported that the high water has
carried away every county bridge on
the river, from Louisburg in Frank
lin county, to the Falls bridge at the
Rocky Mount Mills. The river is so
high at the railroad bridge at 'Rocky
Mount, that the water has overflowed
the banks, inundating a large portion
of the Lewis farm just beyond
the bridge. At one place, just be
yond the railroad bridge, the water
running through the fields has caused
a wasnout, undermining a cuiven.
At another point the water has forced
its way to a culvert and threatens to
undermine the ; abutments. Capt.
Dunn and Superintendent Divine are
quite equal to the emergency, how
ever, and will nave tne damage re
paired in as short a time as possible.
All trains passed in safety.
Cotton, corn and fodder are. badly
damaged. In some places the tops
only of a number of stacks of fodder
are visible, being from four to six
feet aboye the water.
A New Xrlal-
N. P. Morgan, who was convicted of
arson in the Criminal Court for this
county some months ago and sen
tenced to fifteen years in the State
penitentiary, has been granted a new
trial by the State Supreme Court, to
which the case was carried on appeal.
Information to this effect was re
ceived here yesterday from Mr. Mars-
den Bellamy, of counsel for Morgan
and now in Raleigh.
"Morgan- rti charged with-setting.
fire to his store on South Second
street near Market, for the purpose
of securing the insurance on his stock
of goods! The principal witness for
the prosecution was a man named
Moses, who has since disappeared.
Cotton comment. .
There was fun in the cotton market
yesterday. That is to say, there was
fun for the ' boys" representing the
taurine element.: But you may well
believe it was everything but fun for
the ''boys" represented by the bears.
Futures were higher at the-opening,
and later on : developed unusual
strength, the New York market clo
sing strong at an advance of 22 to 25
points above the closing figures of
Friday. The stimulating influence
yesterday was the marked reduction
in crop estimates made by the Cotton
World, much value being attached to
that paper's figures because they are
made up by the statisticians who for
merly prepared: the crop estimates
New Orleans Cotton Ex
The announcement of the
World's figures, making the
crop only 6,225,uuo bales, caused a
wild and excited market in New York,
the "shorts'? becoming thoroughly
demoralized and making frantic ef
forts to over.
As the Saturday session on the
NeW York Exchange is a short one.
closing at noon, it is questionable
were able to cover their deals, and it
may be that there will be a revival of
the excitement Monday, and a fur.
ther advance in prices. But those
bears who have level heads, plenty of
backbone and! a good supply of
human cash will generally stand by
their colors, strengthened by the con
viction that the Cotton World's esti
mate is entirely too low, and that a
reactioruis likely to follow so sudden
and so sharp an advance.
There is one feature about cotton,
it may hot be out of place to remark,
that seems to be lost sight of by those
who have been calculating' on much
! for the staple. It
is this; The
consumption of cot
ton is increasing every year; there is
a good I demand for it all over the
world; I business generally is fairly
prosperous; and tbe manufacturers
are probably making more money
than usual. Accepting these propo
sitions as true, even with an Ameri
can crop of 6,600,000 hales, it cannot
be said that ten cents is not a very
moderate price for cotton." And
should the indications during the
. next three months point to a crop of
less man ,&uu,uuu Dales, tne legiti
mate demand, reinforced by specula
tion, may carry tne price iar beyond
all present calculations.
Tne Price of Tar.
Dealers in tar along the wharf were
much exercised yesterday at the ad
vance of five cents per barrel reported
in the Stab. The quotation ($1.30
per barrel) was incorrectly reported
at the Produce Exchange and put on
the bulletin board, and in this way
appeared in I the paper. The sales,
however, were at $1.15 per barrel, at
which price j the market continues
THE CHICAGO ANARCHISTS.
Guarded fey Policemen Armed wltn
Rifles Canencers Building tne Gal
lowsA Conference ' Between tne
Doomed men and Tnelr Counsel-
Three of the Ulen Petition the Gov
ernor to Pardon. ,.
Chicago, Nov. 3. Two full ccmDaniet
of policemen are now quartered in tbe
county jail, -near, the Anarchists' eells
Tbe officers were brought ioto the jil last
nignt by a (nick entrance, mere are fit ly-
four men in nil. and each is armed with a
Winchester rifle ' These men will remain
in the building until after the event of the
11th instant-v There was no excrement in
the iail this morning. Whatever stir was
caused by the decision yesterday had worn
on, tu-dtiy, and even thing was ouiet
aronnd ttie establishment. .
Chicago, Nov. 3. The sheriff has al
ready begun the building of the scaffold on
which it is intended to bang the Anarchists.
Car pe ulers were busy this i-fternoou work
ing on pieces which no to make up the
machine or death, and it will not be long
before the gallows will be ready.
i nis is reuaraea in some Quarters as sig
nificant of Mr. Maiaon's belief that the Go
vernor will not interfere.
The event at the county jail this morn
ing was a conference of nearly an hour be
tween Captain Black, u 9. Oliver and the
seven doomed Anarchists. --w
Black refused to make public the matter
under discussion-. He aid that be expect-
4 to le&Te f vt Springfield ' with a petition
or amnesty juonuay nignt. to me inquiry,
wnetner be noped lor clemency, ne re
plied, "I am always a hopeful man. I will
hope until there is no longer any ground
for it when there can only be grief for
seven men murdered by tbe law."
-There has been a good deal of talk
about the possibility of suicide by these
men. What do you think of it? was asked.
They couldn't be hired to take their
own livs. Not a man of them would do
sj; not oae. If they wished to do so, noth
ing would be easier. But I tell you tbat if
their cells weie filled witn deadly weapons
and they had poisons more dreamy and
subtle than Letbe, they would scorn to use
them. They are not common scoundrels
who would try to cheat the gallows. There
is no ignominy in the scaffold for them. If
they must die, - they would prefer to be
strangled by the organized robbery they
sought to overthrow, than to slink out of
the world like cowards."
Chicago, Nov. 3. August Spies. Sam
uel Fieldeu, and Nicholas Schwab signed
a petition this afternoon humbly beggiug
tbe Governor to commute their sentences.
These three of the seven condemned men
are tbe only ones who have not written let
ters to tbe Governor tbat they would not
accept commutations of their sentences,
and that all efforts in tbat direction were
without their sanction. The signal ures of
Fielden and Schwab were secured this
morning by Capt. Blaek and L W. Oli
ver, who visited the prisoners at tbe jail
and had private conference with them.
AH sorts of entreaties were adopted to get
Spies to sign the petiiion, but he resolutely
refused to do so, as did also Liogc. Engel,
Fischer and Parson?.
At 3 80 p. m the same petitions were
brought to the jail by Dr. Schmidt, Alder
man Frank Stauber and H Linmyer, with
permission from the sheriff to confer with
the condemned men. Geo. Schilling ar
rived attr and joined tbe party. It was
plain that Spies bad weakened since the
morniax conference. . He read the pelitioa
over several times. After an hour's plead
ing Spies said: "Well, give me a pen,"
and with a flourish his name was appended
below. The visitors tnen turned tnelr at
tention to tbe others who have written let
ters declining executive clemency but ob
tained no further signatures.
Chicago. Nov. 5. Day after day long
lists of names of citizens, who have hither
to been emphatic in their demand for the
infliction of the extreme penalty of the law
on condemned. Anarchists, appear attached
to petitions for commutation. Among
these the names of prominent members of
tbe br and bench attract the most atten
tion. A reporter requested several of the
legaHighta to-ive their reasons for signing
tne petition, w. u. uouay said, "lnose
men are guilty; there in no doubt of that;
they are guilty of murder; - but it must be
remembered that this is not an ordinary
physical assassination. The question is,
whether they should be punisbed to the
full extent of the law. This is the first
time that the question has come up since
the jury decided it. Judge Gary might
have passed upon it in denying a new trial,
but he did not." ;
Chicago, Nov. 5 Last night Nina Van
Zandt and her mother called on Capt.
Schaack and the officers at the Chicago
Avenue station. Miss Van Zandt pre
sented a petition addressed to Governor
Oglesby, asking for commutation of the
sentence on tbe Anarchists, and requested
the Captain to sign it. She pleaded with
him for over twenty minutes, but the po
lice official declined to attach bis signature.
The girl asked and obtained permission to
solicit tbe officers in the station for their
names, but failed to secure a single one.
Before leaving she distributed a number of
Trumbull's pamphlets, "Was it a Fair
Trial!" and 1 .ft a lot more of them on the
Sergeant's desk, by whom, at Captain
DcnaacK S commanu, iney were prompuy
consigned to the waste basket as soon as
she had left the building.
Chicago. Nov. 5. Now that there
seems to be a stampede in tbe direction of
a commutation of sentence of the convic
ted Anarchists, it may be well to mention
what the effect of it has already heea in a
very important eection of tbe community
the police force. Already a feeling akin
to dismay has arisen among the blue coats.
A veteran officer voiced the general senti
ment of the force this morning when he
said: "If these men are -allowed to
triumph over the law through tbe meddle
some intervention of people, to save whose
lives and property we risked our
own on that awful night of May 4th,
vou will find that the police force of Chi
cago will never fight another battle with
VIUUagU nilUtuww. o ail tbij v
say it is a terrible thing to take seven hu
man lives, out i say it is not more lerneie
than the way in which they took the lives
Of seven of our boys and maimed dozens
of them that May evening. 1 suppose the
life of a police oracer is as notmng wnen
weiened against mat oi an Anarcnist; l
suppose it is our duty to be butchered in
defense ot tne community and receive no
protection from tbat community. I say no
protection, for the only protection we can
receive is the fitting punishment of those
offenders whom we have brought to bay.
It's all right for Judges to say that these
men will preach their doctrines' more elo
quently dead than alive; but I tell yon, if
they escape the gallows, the doctrines of
Anarchy will be preached so eloquently
that those who took part in obtaining com
mutation will live to rue the day they did
so. For our part, tbe police of Chicago
will be more cautious in risking their lives
and facing . Anarchist bombs than they
were a year ago last May."
If the all mercy and slow justice doc
trine is to obtain, disoontent, it is believed,
will soon find some strong public, expres
sion. Chicago. Nov. 5. An extraordinary
comma nieatioD. signed by Spier, Schwab
and Fielden, disavowing "aggressive
force," and deploring the loss of life at
Haymarket. was given out to-night for
publication. It is addressed to Governor
Oglesby, and is to be torwarded to mm
with formal petitions for clemency. Tbe
guarded wording of the document is as
noticeable as its matter, particularly as
this is the first expression of the kind any
of the condemned Anarchists have made
Parsons, it is understood, acquiesces in its
contents, and will address a separate letter
of his own to the Governor, embodying the
same ideas. Line. Engle and Fischer
steadfastly refuse, however, to go on
reoord with any such declaration. The
following is the letter in full:
"Chicago. Nov. 3, 1887 To Governor
Richard Oelesbv. Springfield. 111. Sir: In
order that the tiuth mav be known by you.
and the public you represent, we desire to
state that we never advocated the use ot
force, except in case of self defence. To
accuse as of having attempted to overthrow
the law and government on May 4in, ibbo,
or at any other time; is as false as it is ab
surd.. Whatever we said or did was said
and done publicly. I We have never con
spired or planned to commit an unlawful
act., While we attacked the present social
arrangements in writing and speech, and ex
posed their iniquities, we have never con
sciously broken any laws. So far from
having planned the killing of anybody at
Haymarket, or any where else, tbe very ob
ject of the meeting was to protest aeainet
the commission of murder. We believe it
to be our duty as friends of labor and lib
erty, to oppose any otber use of force than
in the necessary defence of sacred rights
against unlaw tul attacks. All our efforts
have been in tbe direction of elevating
mankind and to remove as much as possi
ble the cause of crime in society. Our la!r
was unselfish; no motives of personal gain
or ambition prompted us. Thousands and
thousands will near j testimony to this. We
may have erred at times in our judgment.
Yes, we have "loved mankind not wisely
but too well." If ia the excitement of pro
pagating our views,! we were led into ex
pressions which caused workingmen to
think that aggressive force was a proper in
strument ot reform, we repret it. ' We de
plore the loss of life at Haymarket, as at
McCormick'e, at 8t, Louts, and at the Chi
cago stock y at da.
. MlCHAEX 8CHWAS,
i ' 1
bestrecu ve lre--Cah.j House and
Contents Consumed Panle Among
. Gnests In Neighboring Houses Loss
About SI 50000.
By Telegraph to tbe Horning Star.
: Chicago, Nov. 3 It was nearly 4
o'clock this morning when fire was dis
covered in the Chicago Club House, in
Monroe street, directly opposite the ladies'
entrance to tbe Palmer House. By tbe
time the first relay of engines had rattled
up to the fire tbe flames had spread
throughout the fifth floor, and were burst
ing from the windows on all sides, while
signs of fire could be seen on the fourth
flour. A general! alarm was promptly
turned in. and in fifteen minutes a score
of engines, hook and ladder trucks and
hose carts thundered down the street and
clattered up to the fire. A wild panic fol
lowed at the Palmer House. . At the win
dows on Monroe street appeared hundreds
of frightened faces peering into the streets,
and at the sight of steamers a rush for
escape followed, under tbe impression that
the hotel was on fire. Half-clad ladies and
gentlemen tumbled j out into the halls and
shrieked wildly for help All of the bell boys
were promptly sent to tbe rooms of guests,
and with the aid of the clerks succeeded
in calming the panic, though many cf the
guests refused to return to their rooms un
til the hese carts had reeled up their hose
and with the other apparatus had started
Half a dozen Club members, and as many
women , who are employed about the Club,
were asleep in the building at the lime
They bad no warning of the flames until
firemen rushed into7 tueir apartments aud
pulled them out bodily. It is thought
everv one was taken out safely.
The fire started on the fifth floor, in the
kitchen, from a defective flue, it is sup
posed, or a carelessly smothered fire in the
Leads of hose were run on ail the high
buildings, entirely surrounding the Club
House, and half a hundred streams of
water were poured into it from all of the
windows. A torrent of water poured
down the stairway, cascaded down the ele
vator shaft, and soaked through floor after
floor, until the furniture and everything
else about the building was completely
ruined. The first floor was devoted to the
office, reading oom and cafe. On the
second floor were the library and card
rooms: and on the third the sleeping rooms
The dialog room occupied the fourth floor,
and the kitchen was immediately above it
in a Mansard roof, j
The smoke from! the burning building
entered the Clifton House, adjoining on
the east, and scores of guests sprang cut of
bed and rushed into the street with the im
pression that their hotel was on fire
Tne umcago uitro uouse was erected
about fifteen years ago. at a cost of $131,
000; tbe fixtures and furniture cost about
$20,000, and are a total loss, but rully in
sured. The damage to the building cannot
be estimated at present, but it will be
heavy. Besides this there were many
valuable paintings In the rooms, which no
doubt are ruined, j
It transpires that no lives were lost, em
ployes of the Club 1 having escaped to tbe
roof of an adjoining building. The great
er part ur ine lurniture was saved Dy oemg
covered with tarpaulins. About $25,000
will cover tbe loss, .and the insurance is
Destructive Fire Aggregate Loss
9167000 A Number of Persons
Killed and Injured by Falling Walls.
LBt Telegraph to the Morning Star.)
Nashvillk, Nov. 4. About 4 o'clock
this morning tbe 1 building occupied, on
College street, by Weakley & Warren, as a
furniture store, was discovered to be on
fire. Owing to tbe inflammable character
of me material the flames spread rapidly
through the building and communicated to
the adjoining buildings, and tne entire
block from Bank alley south to tbe Wes
tern Union building was soon burning.
The Western Union office was seriously
threatened, but escaped without much
damage. The total loss aggregates about
$oo,000 on tbe house, insured lor f43.uuu;
on the stock $102,000, insured for about
During.ine progress oi tne nre me wans
of the building adjoining Bank alley fell
in and quite a number of people are known
to be injured, some prooaDiy rataiiy.
Among the wounded was a son of J. B.
Morse, about fifteen years of age; his
skull Is terribly 'crushed and he will die.
William Stewart, sign painter, had his left.
leg badly fractured; Bradford Nichol,
hand injured; besides a fireman and a
number of others more or less injured.
Others are believed to be covered by the
debris, which Workmen are now removing.
The telegraph wires in nearly an direc
tions were burned, and over one hundred
telephone wires were destroyed.
The following named nrms sustained
losses: Weakley & Warron, on stock,
50.000. insured for three-fourths; Atwell
& Snead, furniture dealers, stock $17,000,
insurance f 10,000; Webb, Stevenson es
Co., hardware, stock $50,000, insured for
three-fourths. Tbe building occupied by
Weakley & Warren belonged to Judge J.
M. Lea and the W. W. Fite estate, aad
was valued at $26,000, with insurance for
$18,000. The building occupied by Att
well & Snead, owned by B. F. Wilson,
$15,000, insured for $10,000. The build
ing occupied by Webb, Stevenson & Co.
was owned by E. W. Cole, and valued at
$34,000; it was covered by insurance: :
CRAVEN VOU NTT.
A Yoboc Farmer Murdered by a cot
Raleigh. Nov. 3. A special to the
News and Observer says: Luke Russell, a
reanectable voung farmer, son of K. A.
Kussell. living near uauesion, uraven
rnnntv. was shot and killed last night by
Bill Williams, colored. Kusseii went wnn
a posse of citizens to arrest Williams for
stealing cotton, i I He started up into the
second story of an out-building to search'
for Williams, when tbe latter nred a load
from a gun into his breast. Williams
made his escape. Russell died in half an
Bla- Candr and Confectionery Estab
lishment Burned In Kansas city
By Telegraph to the Horning Star.
Kansas Cttt, ! Nov. 5. The Hugglns
Cracker and Confectionary uompany's es
tablishment, on St. Louis avenue near the
inaction of Union avenue, was burned late
last night. Loss between $75,000 and
$100,000; well insured.
rable Attempt of a Crank to Cre
ate a Sensation and Replenlsn fats
Ji Bt Telegraph to the Horning 8tar.l
Washington. Nov. 4. The package
which last evening was delivered to Chief
Justice Wane, and which Upon investiga
tion was found to contain a contrivance.
supposed to oe an internal machine, was
this morning sent to District Chemist
Richardsong for expert analysis. The gen
eral opinion is tbat tbe machine is a sham,
and tbat tbe whole thing was an attempt
on Hue part of the person who made tbe
alleged discovery, to manufacture a "sen
sation" for sale to the newspapers.
Later Tbe person above referred to has
just made confession that he invented tbe
whole scheme, and for the purpose of sell
ing the story to the newspapers. His name
is anerourne u. Hopkins.
Sherburne G. Hopkins has lust made a
confession that the whole scheme was in
vented by himself and Arthur B Sperry, a
reporter on a local paper here, for tbe pur
pose of selling the story to newspapers
Hopkins in - his confession said that the
small phial which was found in the pack
age contained only ink and a very small
quantity oi powder, just sufficient to burst
the phial and alarm the person who might
open the package. Sperry ia the party who
called at the Chief Justice's residence last
evening and inquired whether the mysteri
ous looking package bad been received.
Both Hopkins and Sperry were immedi
ately arrested, charged with conspiracy to
defraud newsnaner corresnondents. ?
The Treasury Department has declined
to grant the request of the Richmond au
thorities, that a revenue cutter be sta
tioned at the entrance to Chesapeake Bay
to intercept incoming cholera infected ves
sels. . i
Two Large Failures in Louisville
Horrible Triple Rlnrder and Suicide
L By Telegraph to the Horning Star.
otjibvtxlb, Nov. 4. There were two
large; failures on Mainjstreet to-day, Hess,
Mayer & Co., wholesale dry goods and no
tions, made an assignment; as did also
Henle & Wolfe, wholesale dealers in hats
and caps. The liabilities and assets are
stated in neither case, but Hess, Mayer &
Co. are rated in commercial agencies at
between $150,000 and $200,000, and Henle
& Wolfe about $40,000. The failure of
Hess, Mayer & Co. Is a great surprise, the
firm being one of the largest and most pro
gressive in the city.
Louisville. Nov. 4. Mrs Mary Bru
ner called this morning at tbe residence' of
her daughter, Mrs. Charles B. Brownfield,
and discovered her son-in-law hanging by
the neck to the door lintel; her daughter,
granddaughter aged 9, and her son William
F Bruner, all dead, with their throats cut.
Bruner boarded with the Brownfield fami
ly) On the bureau in the parlor the fol
lowing letter, dated 6 80 a. m., and written
by the murderer, in an unusually legible
hand, was found;
?'To all whom it may concern: I,
Charles B. Brownfield. murdered my dear
wife and baby; also W. F. Bruner, my
brother-in-law. i killed my wife and
baby because I was tired of life and did
not want them left penniless in the world
and no one to care for them. My cause
for being tired of life is gambling. Now,
let my brothers and friends take w amine.
I killed W. F. Bruner because I didn't
think he was fit to live; and now I will
make an attempt on my life. So goodbye.
my father, brother and sister, and friends
and relatives. All take warning. Good
"Signed Chas. B. Bbownfield."
Brownfield, the triple murderer and sui-
cider, was 27 years of age, was a drummer,
and was always known as a sober, indus
trious young man.
THE VERNON DISASTER.
The Master of tbe Vessel a Confirmed
f I Sot.
Chicago. Nov. 4. Edirar Hall, brother
of tbe second engineer of the wrecked pro
peller Vernon, stated yesterday that the
last time his brother was in Chicago he
told him that Capt. Thorp, master o f the
vernon, naa an aitaca oi delirium tre
mens while on top of tbe pilot house.
Tbe testimony of other people goes to show
that Capt Thorp was an extraordinary
drunkard, both in port and on a voyage.
Many people knew and it ought to have
been well known to tbe officers of the pro.
I Axel stone, the only survivor of the dis-
aster, when asked if he ever saw Capt.
Thorp drunk, replied: "The captain, was
drunk most of tbe time, and be was very
drunk when we left the boggan last week,
While we were coming through tbe straits
the second mate said to him, 'Sober up, you
drunken beast, and take oare of this boat
and people.' Tbe captain told him to go to
hen. l ! was in tbe cabin at the time and
heard every word that was said. Friday
night, which was the night that the steamer
was lost, the captain was as drunk as ever
I saw him, and be kept taking a drink eve
ry little while from a bottle that be carried
in his coat pocket. I guess that is Why the. I
first mate stayed on deck all the time. He
knew that the captain was so drunk that
he hardly knew what he was about,
and was probably afraid the captain would
do something foolish, if the captain bad
been sober I don't believe the vessel would
have been lost, for any sober man would
have turned back when he saw how badly
she acted in a big sea. Both mates of the
Vernon were captains who had taken
mates' berths for the lack of better em-
ploy men t,
Schooner Ocean Bird Lost "With All
Norfolk, Va.. Nov. 4. A report has
been received here that the schooner Ocean
Bird, of Wilmington. N. C. Captain Ed
ward U. Daniel, carrying tbe mail between
Nag s Head, Manteo and .Elizabeth City.
N. C, ! sank during tbe storm Monday
sight in the Pasquotank river, and all on
board were lost. Among the passengers
were three painters from Elizabeth City,
the Captain's son. a school teacher from
Manteo, named Howe, and several colored
A Voung Lady Burned to Death
: Homicide near Tullahoma.
: By Telegraph to the Horning Star.
Nashville, Nov. 5. A special from
Chattanooga, Tenn., says.: Miss Annie
Ueadrick, great grand daughter of Jas. W
Deadrick, late Chief Justice of Tennessee,
was burned to death yesterday afternoon
at Jonesboro, Tenn, Her father was burn
ing canes off a lot near the house,, when
her clothes caucht fire and were entirely
burned from her body. She suffered ex
cruciating pain for three hours, when
death relieved her of her terrible suffering,
A Chattanooea snecial savs : Isaac Ar
nold killed Tom Newsom at Gray's Chapel,
lour i miles from Tullahoma, Tenn
last : night. Arnold was a son-in-
law of Newsom, and had mar
ried the latter's daughter, last May,
against tbe father's wishes. Newson went
to a distillery and drank freely of whiskey,
He then proceeded to Arnold's house and
began whipping Mrs. Arnold. Her huj
band interfered and was dealt a blow on.
the head with a poker in the hands ot
Newson, Arnold retreated to a wood-pile,
saized an axe and dealt Newson three blows
in the back, cutting his spinal column in
two and killing him almost instantly. Ar
nold gave himself up, saying that he acted
only in self-defence.
Winston Daily: We learn from
Mr. George W. Hlnshaw, chairman of the
railroad committee, that he has succeeded
in making an arrangement by which re
sponsible parties agree to iron and equip a
railroad from Winston-Salem to Danbury,
on condition tbat the people along the line
grade, cross-tie and bridge the road. He
has also made an arrangement by which
eight miles of the Winston & Wilkesboro
road can be used ror the uanbury line.
The Charlotte Chronicle
put on a new and handsome head.
Winston Daily. Itis reoorted
that the Richmond fc Danville Company
are thinking of building another track
irom mnvilie to Charlotte, making a dou -ble
Track. I .
Wilson Advance: The Wash
mgton, Greenville and Tarboro military-
companies will lend lheir cheering pre
sence to the Tarboro Fair next week, wu
see it stated.
- Asheville Citizen: The Wil-
has subscribed $75.000 and Haywood coun-
ty $100,000 to the railroad to run to Knr 2-
vine, Tenn.! That fine country ought '
help Wilmington." Certainly it ought; oifr"'
what has Wilmlnston done to hal
fine country T Ought not such helps to ft ;
mutual T l a.7.
New Bern Journal: W. -
Caho, Esq., of Pamlico county, has bWa
appointed deputy special asent of thn ire . L
sury department, with a salary of four dol
iars pec day and expenses This is a mrt
excellent appointment as all who know M r.
wano win readily tesury. Mr. Jona
than Havens of this city has several trees,
some of them now in bearing, of the Con
necticut butter nut.
Goldsboro Argus: ' Rev. R. C
Campbell, who has been tbe pastor of Oak
Street Methodist church in this city for the
last year, left yesterday fot Greensboro,
his new charge. ' A prominent nhv-
sician of the city said to the writer this
morning that we used to have malaria in
Goldsboro, but that now under tbe influ
ence of a better system of drainage and
other causes we have no malaria. Tbe
furniture factory which has just gotten to
running well, has a capacity of 100 bed- '
steads a day,
Pittsboro Home: We reeret
to learn that the brick piers just erected at
Pace's for the new bridge have been badly
damaged by the freshet and will have to tn-
torn down and rebuilt. We hear of
much damage to the cotton and corn and
potatoes byi the recent heavy and con.
tinued rains. Corn tbat was hauled uft '
and not shucked before the rain is badly
damaged. The corn on the low grounds
that was ungathered has been damaged by
the overflow. Cotton has been beaten out
and damaged greatly. Very little wheat
has been sown.
Raleigh Chronicle: The Chron
icle cannot speak for Mr. Jarvis, hut from
information that we regard perfectly relia
ble, we think we can .say that Gov. Jarvis
does not desire to be nominated for Gover
nor next year. The distinguished evan
gelist. Rev. Mr. Pearson, whose labors
thoughout the State have been crowned
with such great success, has been invited
by the Presbyterian, Methodist, Baptist,
and Christian churches to conduct a series
of-meetings in Raleigh. He has accepted
the invitation and will commence his la
bors here Sunday.
Raleigh News-Vbserver : The
collections for this, the fourth internal rev
enue district, amounted to $79,138.12 for
tbe month of October. The register
in the State Museum shows that during tbe
month of October there were 1,814 visitors
to the Museum, representing twelve differ
ent States and one foreign country. As
we feared! reports commenced to come in.
yesterday! morning of bridges destroyed
and other damage caused by the swollen,
streams around the city. Great destruction
has already been reported and is of such
nature as I to indicate that much damage
has been done that has not been heard of.
Rev. Dr. Mangum has a lone and val
uable article in the last number of the Dur
ham Plant on Church and State in their re
lation to Education in North Carolina.
Another native of North Carolina comes to
the front from Monroe county, Ind. His
name is Kuey smith. He is 7 feet Of
inches tall, and wears a No. 17 shoe that
will hold a quarter of a peck of corn.
Once a year he orders a pair of plow shoes.
They weigh 10 pounds and have very
broad heels. They are 16 inches long. He
was born in this State, went to Indiana in
lBbU, is 45 years old, is married and has
Charlotte Chronicle: Mr. Frank
W . Dewey, of this city, has been appointed
agent for the Richmond & Danville Rail
road Company at Raleigh, and left yester
day tor mat place. we learn that a
capital stock of $40,000 has been subscribed
for the reestabltshment of tbe old Rocky
River cotton mills, in Cabarrus county.
Mr. Charles Black owns the property.
At Gaffney City, yesterday, Mr. Thomas
Elliott, while endeavoring to throw the
belt from the driving wheel of an engine,
was caught in some way and got his arm
and head very badly bruised. Mr. Elliott
lay unconscious lor severarznoura. but ia
not fatally injured. In Sharon town
ship alone, a molasses maker informs us,
11,000 gallons of sorghum have already
been made, and he says tbat taking in the
whole county. 100.000 gallons of sorghum
will be made in Mecklenburg county this
season, i A negro boy was arrested.
and brought to Gaffney City yester
day, charged with an assault with an
attempt to commit an outrage. The
case was investigated by a trial justice and -
tne evidence sustained me charge. There
was strong talk of lynching, as the case
was a most aggravated one, but the negro
was nnaiiy lodged safely in jail. Mr.
Wm. N. Merce, of Union county, bought
some dynamite for blasting, a few weeks
ago, and having a few pounds left over
packed it in a box and put it in his shop.
A couple of days ago, while working in hia .
shop with another man, his attention was
called to something on fire in a box, and
on looking he discovered it was the box
that had the dynamite in it. Realizing his
danger he told his companion to "skip,
and he did the same thing. They were not
more than one Hundred feet from tbe shop
when a terrific explosion occurred, blow
everything in the shop literally to atoms.
The ehop was well equipped with all kinds .
of tools, and a lot of fine model work and
incomplete inventions . were destroyed.
Tools and pieces of timber were thrown
two hundred yards by the explosion.
Raleigh News-Observer: Gov
ernor Scales yesterday appointed Mai. R.
S. Tucker, of this city, State Commissioner
for the Raleigh Sevings Bank, and Judge
J. H. Gilmer, ofJGreensboro, State Com
missioner for the Greensboro Savings Bank.
Tbe cotton compress is squeezing up
anout 7uu oaies oi cotton per day.
Washington county sent three new convicts
to the penitentiary yesterday. As the
local freight was leaving Pine Level, on its
way to this city, about 10 o'clock - Wed
nesday night, some one threw a rock at it
which crashed through a window and came
near making it very serious for some of the
passengers. The State fertiliser in
spector has advised the agricultural depart
ment that two brands of fertilizers have
been found on sale in the Piedmont region
on which the State license tax was not paid.
- A i gentleman arriving from Neuse
river yesterday reported that all the bridges
on the river from the Fall of Neuse to
Smithfleld had been destroyed by the flood
of last Monday and Tuesday. Between
these two points there were eight strong
and important bridges besides some smaller
ones. The river was five feet higher than it
was everknown before. The damage to corn
and cotton is incalculable and the greatest in
convenience prevailed for want of facilities
to cross the river at the various points from
which the bridges have been carried off.
-i The Governor called a meeting of the
State Board of Internal Improvements yes
terday for the purpose of carefully con
sidering the propositions recenty made to
form a connection between the A. & N' C.
road and the C. F. & Y. V. road. One
proposition was to build a road from
Goldsboro to Sanford and raise money for
the purpose of building the road by in
creasing the debt of the A &N. C. by
$109,000. The Bute owns the controlling
interest in the road. The other proposi
tion was to make the connection by build
ing a road from Goldsboro to Fayetteville
and to raise money for the purpose by sell
ing the State's interest in the C. F. &. Y.
V. road at 20 cents on tbe dollar. The
question was considered carefully and tbe
Board coninclded with the opinions of the
Governor as formerly expressed to the
effect that the A & N. C. could not well
afford any additional debt, and that it was
not desirable to sell the C. F. & Y. V.
stock. The propositions were' therefore
declined. Weldon, N C, Nov. 3d.
1887. Between four and five thousand
people were on the fair grounds to-day.
The following are tbe numbers of exhi
bits: I Field crops. 150: horses and mules.
197; cattle, sheep and poultry, 219: fancy-
work and pantry supplies, 7UU; noeans,
89; agricultural Implements, 67; borticuU
tural products. 439.