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0 / 75
. A- f:
V- i I, L'l A M H gJJ B W A B D
. '.'' Xklttor nd Proprloto. " '.
v WILMINGTON, N. C g
. January 6, 1899;"
; SOUTHERN PBOQEESS IN
' Z -The r Manufacturers1 '-Record, than'
; t which there is no better informed or
; " more reliable authority on industrial
v, morment in the South, summingup
, the progress made last year says: ; .
, "The record of advance made by the
South during the past year and at
; 'the same time promise of greater de
: velopment dunnjt the coming - year,'
includes the following facts:
, "The corn crop exceed that of -1897
, by more than one, hundred million
-.' bushels. , : '. . ' . ' . ;:";; -. c. "
, - . 'Nearly eleven hundred miles - of
. railroad were built, and a greater
?-. mileage is under construction or con
tracted for. '-
: J "More than ' five million .dollars
' . were invested in iron and steel plants
and allied undertakings. ;
n " : . "More than three hundred thousand
spindles and more than five - thousand
r looms are were added to textile mills.
' "Seven . developments of water-
powers for electrical purposes were "
' "'; begun or planned. " . '
; "More than three thousand indus
tries of various kinds were founded or
projected upon definite grounds. '
i "With agriculturists turning their
.J attention to greater diversificatiou of
V crops, investors building up minor m
dustries in small cities and towns,
- jnerchants welding new links of com-'
' merce, railroads pushing , into almost
' . virgin fields, with Southern iron and
y , steel moving along with Southern
' coal to distant foreign parts, Southern
1 men and men of other parts of the
. -country interested in the South are
, facing 1899 in lively hope."
V This , is the summary' in "brief,
which it carries on the title page
- of issue of December ?0th, of Jthe
detailed statement it gives of the
: industries established and of the
progress made, a most interesting
- statement, showing that the South
, is' not only holding her -own, but
V" that in industrial x development in
the shop, the factory and the field
: she is leading the other sections.
The following tabler-which we
sclip from this statement, shows the
character and number of the in
ustries established: ,
Telephone systems. . . . '. , . .-. .. ;
..'," Machi ae shoos and foundries . .'. 'J.
Stove foundries. .... j .... i
.-JTertilizer and phosphate .works . .
"TIiscellaneous iron and steel plants
,; Woodworking factories, t .tt
i ; Furniture factories. . . . .:. . ,". .....
-Vehicle factories. w ...........
: ' Aricultural-implement works.
. Mining and quarrying companies.
. Textile mills.
Flour mills .... .................
" Cotton compresses. .. . . .... . . ....
Cottonseed-oil mills. . ; ...'.
Ice and cold-Btorage plants. . . . .'. .
lectric-light and power plants. .
Miscellaneous. ..... . . . . . ....... .1,716
i Total. . . . . . .1 .v.. . . . .3,007
This, including large and small,
;is nearly ten a day for every work
ing day in the year, with the proba
bilities that there are Borne which
- have not been reported. The table
does not show the addition to some
o' the industries, enlargement of
plants, &c, to increase the capacity
for production, - a . good deal of
which has been done, . and which is
practically! equivalent to-the estab
lishment of new industries. . .
; One of the most gratifying features
of this exhibit is the increase in the
number of iron and steel works and
of wood working establisments, such
as macllhre' stepsT'fouhdriea and ag
li. i i . v
ri cultural implement manufactories,
each, of which are ' .to become in
time mighty? factors in the South's"
progress and prosperity. "
There are inestimable possibilities
. in iron. ', It is what might be called"
a royal industry. ! It is an industry
- thatl'equires and must have intelli
.' gent management through all its
'.Vvaried stages, from the sinking- of
' the shaft by the miner to' the smelt
jng of the ore and the putting of it
J in the market in its final, finished
P form, as a surgical blade? a hammer,
. a plow, an anchor or a locomotive or
the many thousands of other things
J in the making of which it cannot be
; . dispensed withi " . . -Every
land savage or civilized
needs it, and as civilization extends
' and progress increases iron- goes
with them and grows their growth."
The demand for consumption in
creases constantly and will continue
to increase,.and the -indications are
, , that whatever the production ma;
be there will still be sufficient margin
c . ' for profit to encourage production.
' Ji is not a matter of election, but of
necessity,' with those who use it for
:. ' they must have it. It has no rival,
nothing to compete with it. .The
- i only competition is of iron against
iron, and the iron that can get into
-' the market in the best shape,' at the
' lowest price, other things being
Xr ! equaVyia the ,iron that will com
t mand the world's- money. ':"."-- '
- "r , In this competition the iron (in
. which' we -include steel) of the
ii . United States leads the world," and
; , -the iron of ' the South leads? the
-' TTnited States. This means much
1 for the United States, and much for
' the South, more for the Sonth than
for any other section of the United
- States, i It will mean more for the
South in the future than, it does
; now, for thus far our iron men have
' . shipped in crude forms and' s'ecured
.' only a small portion of the possible
profit when the -erode is converted
!i - Z into finished form. .- This is why- we
; C say that one of the most ' gratifying
v- and encouraging features of the
table printed above isthe increase in
thej :nnmber ;? of if gn and of wood
working establishments " which nse
iron in connection - with wood. : -
guahtities,of iron. and aManuhisisJfhow
factures to allrparts; of -the world, ceded than ever before, : andhere-y
iauwuiea w air; jparis oi -me wona,
rioulturai . implehi
tools; and jarious other articles,; but 4
so far as we know none of - these go
f ronvthe South; although the. South
furnishes muchof:Jthe metal thai
goes intth'emi. The day ;wili-come
when Bhewill be shipping -these in
stead of supplying th-crude ;"maie-
nal for; others . to -toake them andi
tKon. oKa mill vrnn -rtrtH- : W
' : mJ j.- : ti-'. .. m
. iiuau in wer vv rwytjui, xirming-
ham, in time;: from vallingPittS"!7
burg as a manufacturer of steel rails,
or Philadelphia as a manufacturer of
locomotives and other , machinery If
She may never do it, for. Pittsburg
and Philadelphia have got the startj
have unlimited capita - they -have
studied the bnsiness and understand
it thoroughly, iut t the" possibilities
before : Birmingham," v Ensley ; and
otter Southern iron centers areim-
mense,"for th industry with them
is still in its infancy. ' We need not
eipect it to'-grow very rapilyasthe
cotton manufacturing industry, for
instance: has, for to' conduct it on a
large scale requires large capita:
skilled management. .'. -1 1
The . scarcity of - money , in the
South makes it necessary that muchJ
of the mpney'that will go into this
industry must come from other sec-
tions, as much of it Vhas already
come. But it will come in time, for
the Toller; mill and the machine shov
and the " agricultural implement
manufactory must get near, the base1
of supplies just as - well as the cot-j
ton mill. As the cotton mill cornea
to the cotton field so will the iron
Thill come to the iron mine. The!
necessity for this is more impera
tive in the Case of the iron mill
than in the case of the cotton mill,
for crude iron and coal will not bear
the transportation cost that crude
cotton will and where there is noli
iter transportation will not bear it
for any long distance. -- ' : ; - " I
If we had ample ' banking facili
ties in the South and monev could
be .commandecHis easily asr it can be
in the East and at ' as low interest
rates, within ten years the South
would be bounding to the front ini
the iron manufacturing Industry aa
she is bounding to the Jfront in the
cotton manufacturing industry. But
she will gefTthere in time, for busi
ness sense will some day assert itself
in our currency legislation -and the
handicapping restrictions - may be
A BLES3ING UT DISGUISE.
. For some years past Sonthern cot
ton planters have been lamenting the!
low price of cotton, entirely unmind
ful of the fact that they themselves
are mainly if not altogether respon
sible for the low price. Notwith
standing the constantly declining
price for some years past, they have
gone on increasing the acreage and
the product until there are now'
grown annually in this and . other
cotton-growing countries several mil-;
lions of bales more than the world's
consumption now demands, not more
than the world could use,but morel
than it does use. They were'f orget-i
ful of thefact, too, if they knew it,
that while they were increasing their
acreage other countries with which!
they have to compete were also in
creasing theirs, while new cotton
groTTing territory was being brought;
I under cultivation. These are some!
I iv. : it. j.-tj it.'
of the reasons for the decline in the!
price of cotton, and reasons why thej
price will continue low until differ-;
ent methods -are adopted and the
crop brought, down to the;propor
tions of the demand lor. consump
tion. ! , 1 '
- But after all, as hard as it has-
been on the potton growers may it
not be in the end a blessing in-dis
guise not only to them but to thou
sands of .others who have no direct
interest in cotton production, and
to the South at large? If the
planters have suffered by the loW
price of cotton' so have, others suf
fered. The merchant, the mechanic,
the railroad operators and em
ployes and many others who are de
pendent, jlirectly or indirectly, on
the prosperity of the planter suf
fered, and as the blessing in dis
guise comes to the planter so will it
come to them. . ' " ." ' - " "
. : Even if cotton continued to com
mand a fair price, it would still be
to the interest of .Southern agricul
turists to turn their attention to
diversified farming and get away
from the One crop system, in which
there is entirely too much risk and
too much danger of loss, too much
danger of the man who started out
with fine prospects closing, the year
on the verge of bankruptcy. It is
too 'much like tossing up against
nature and contingencies and taking
the chances of turning np the wrong
side of the copper.
; But even if there were no chances.
if there .were pretty sure prospects
of getting a reasonably fair price for
cotton, the all-cotton system or any
other system that is confined to one
crop is a bad one when pursued by
the people of a section. If cotton
had continued to bring a fair price
it is doubtful if the Southern grow
ers would have gotten; but of the
rut, and therefore we believe : that
.he depression that drove them on
will be a good .thing -for them, and
for the South, a blessing: to both in
disguise, for- the result' wUl be di
versified agriculture, . which will be
the beginning Of prosperity for the
Southern farmer, and for the South
for when the Sonthern farmer pros
peralhe South will prosper.
ceaeq wan ever oet
thegouth are -
-crops- more than .
they erer did 3efore, atdeast siocethe armers :of ' the7 country as a
the twarfor before- theiwar' tbeiifitii liSo? inranmi,
SoSP1 Pla?;a?d teiHP:ar South, if by
sued a" different-8ystem in
pursued since the war. ! ;The plant- -
era before thef'war; in the day s of -
wnv-jt m a .,iujc, iaioou. .uoir.viiu
home suppiiesr Where thedivi
fled system jias been adopted itTias
come to stay, andjj'its good results
are so apparent that , there is little
danger of its being . abandoned ahoTt
-going back to the 6ne-crop delusion
Isauroad operators are -close ob
servers oi- -conditions : and. oi the
changes in conditions. "TPhey must
be for their business; which is - de
pendent for its 'prosperity - on -i the
prosperity pf other industries makes
them keep a i-ieen 'eye on-thtrt
progress of Z industrial- movements
In an article in the last issue of., the
Baltimore ! Manufacturers? '"Z Record
there are many .letters from - South
ern ; itauroad. managers m reply to
questions concerning Southern pfog
ress,rand several of them dwell upon
the diversification . of crop3 as one
of the most assuring featurers. Col.
J. BKillebrew, immigration agentof
the Nashville, Chattanooga & St.
Louis Bail way, Kashville.. Tenn, af
after speaking of business in general
and of the prosperity" of -the South?
ern railroads says: .'.. " ;
"YoU ask me to give my , opinion as
to the effects o t.he low price of cotton
upon tne prospeniy or me aouin l
reply without hesitation that the-low
price of cotton in its effects upon the
industrial growth of the South will, in
my judgment, be permanent and salu
tary in every particular. No nation
was ever prosperous tdat confined itself
to the production of . a single crop:
Agriculture demands diversification in
order that the largest profits may be
realized.' Nothing could: relieve the
cotton-planters of the South of the false
idea that the more cotton-grown the
more prosperous they would become
except the condition of things which
now exists. A recent letter i from
Texas states that thousands of, acres of
cotton are no w in the fields which will
never oe gatnerea, necause it requires
a larerer amount to nav for trickinc
put the cotton, ginning it and get-
uag lb wx uiarKei wan it win do
worth in the market in its damasred
condition. - Fortunately, however, for
those planters, they produced this
year to a larger extent than ever before
their provisions and breadstuff b, and
what cotton they may send to market
will be iueffeet a clear profit,- less the
cost of getting it to market. Altogether
tnls low price or cotton is going to re
volutionize the agriculture - of - the
South. It will stimulate the planters
not only to grow thir own supply of
provisions, vegetables and breadstuifs
and to raise their own stock, but in a
few years these same planters will be
exportingfrom the Southern ports
large quantities of grain, all their own
production, to our west Indian "pos
session, to South America and to
Europe. Aa.a result the area of cotton
will be reduced and the prices of that
great staple will be correspondingly
This is a statement ' of fact, with
an encouraging' prediction based
upon the statement of fact.
Leroy Springs, president of - the
Lancaster and Chester Rail way Com
pany Lancaster, S.' C. who believes
the low price- of cotton a blessing
in disguise, write thus: -
'I think the general industrial and
business situation of the South is In
a healthy state, and the 'outlook for
the future is very promising. - The
present low price of cotton seems to
nave- been a blessing in disguise, as
the farmers are learning to cultivate
their lands better, using more f ertili
eers and producing more to the acre.
They are also educating themselves to
maxe aix tneir supplies at home: are
devoting more attention to the im
provement of their farms and their
general condition. The lands in this
county alone increase in value about 33
per cent, in the last three years, and
there is a better demand for eood farm
ing lands than there has been for
years, v While -1-do not believe that
cotton can be raised at five-cents per
pound profitably, yet by close econ
omy and - raising iiis own produce at
home a farmer who has his own labor
within himself can live comfortably
and make his farm . self-sustainingV
even at this price, if he adheres to the
cash system and buys nothing that Jie
can raise on his own form'. I notice
this policy is being adhered to more
strenuously each year, and there is
gradual improvement. : This is very
notioeable in the system of farming
through this section, lean see no de
crease in industrial Jjaterests: sn the
contrary, there is a gradual increase
and quite a disposition -to engage in
same. The general information that
I gather is. that farmers are diversi
fying their crops more than they have
done for tne past twenty years.
"Wheat -cultivation had . become a
thing or the past throughout this sec
tion, while I notice this Fall there is
auite a auantitv of it beinsr sown
throughout this district, and 1 under
stand throughout the State, which evi
dently indicates a determination
on the part of the planters - to
live at home, which 'is the best
evidence of thrift and ' prosperity In
the face of the low price of cotton there
has been less complaint on the part Of
the farmeKLthan usual on account of
same. They seem to be more or less
reconciled to it." . .
Z This is a splendid exhibit of pra
gress on the farm, when in i;hree
years by the changed methods the
price of farming lands has been en
hanced one-third. " With such an
object lesson, why
should not di-
versified farming become general in
that' section, and the rule, instead
Of the exception, throughout South
Carolina? What is true of tha
South - Carolina county ad oi
South Carolina is " equally true o:
eyery Sonthern I State d It miglit
not result in so rapidly enhancing
the value of farming lands, but it
would be the Zjgar toS permanen
prosperity and to independence- for
the Southern farmer. It is coming
IN OLDKX TIMHES
People overlooked the importance of
nermanehUv beneficial r effects, and
were satisflecT with transient action
but now that it is generally, known
thatCSyrup of Figs will permanently
overcome habitual constipation, well
informed people will not buy other
laxatives, which act for a time, but
rflnallv iniure thesystenur,Buy the
gvnuiuo. i iiuuiiuaubiuisu ujr me vmu-
forma Vig Syrup uo. t
tions " that -hW beeomarmliar Ito
nearly eve.oneraud the -Answer
eenerallv ia that it -oft. TaV
m0ney this Ul no; reason why
farming cannot be made to payj It or
aoes pay Borne men, and pay tnem
mate business would pay them. " Wfr
know farmers in North Carolina who
began ; life with-'little r but .a - fair
amount of business ability ' and per
aeveiing industry who have accumu-
lated comfortable fortunes,: and they
made every dollar of it out of , the
soil on which : other farmers grew"
poor. There 'are manyl such in
North Carolina and in other States
North and SouthT 'As an . illustra-
bion of what goooTmethods - with in
telligent; and persevering industry
will do, we clip the, following con
cerning Mr. K.- H. ; Bicks, of Nash
county, "from The Southern . Farm
Maqaiine: Z:Z-:ZZsZ. ' ZZ::ZZ -.
"' "Coming out of the war a young
man. with nothmcr save hia energv
and strength, -Mr. Kicks set about mak
ing his way in the world, and hU first
employment- was requitecr- by the
Lmunificeat sum of $8 per month; but
undaunted he continued farming. " It
is needless to trace the successive steps
taken, but to day Mr, Bicks is a wealthy
man haning one of tne most beautifut
country homes to be found." -owning
large real estate interests in city- as
well as country," being Ihe largest,
stockholder in the Rocky Mount Cot
ton Mill, a corporation taxed at
jn" 1 - r? . . 1 . 1 -it
iw, anu owning oiner - large mm
property all this traceable directly to
farming operations, for his. invest
ments have all been made from mOney
obtained by the sale of farm products.
For some years his tobacco alone has
netted him from $7,000 to $10,000- per
annum, and this judiciously invested
has itself produced large returns 77 All
his money has not been made on the
farm, but all. has come from the farm,
and even the products of his farm laid
away in the bank would have placed
him among those counting wealth by
many times ran thousand. ;;
This year Mr. Kicfes - had 155 acres
of land in tobacco, and in addition to
this he raised a large amount of gen
eral iarm produce aside from cotton,
which he abandoned ten years ago.
He was among the first to plant to
bacco heavily in this section, going to
various points to learn the best and
most successful methods and then ap
plying them with such modifications
as his own experience in the soil and
Mr. Kicks also. Was one of the first
to operate a dairy, and until recently
has made and sold butter largely, hav
ing a fine herd of Jersey cattle, but
other business requires so much of his
that he has sold many of bis milch
cows "Btill," he says,- "l ;may be
making a mistake, for the product of
the dairy is always money whether
cropsare successful or not."
He spoke of several Of his tenants
who had made money, though paying
Htm rent for their land; three espe
cially, who were worth .from $4,000,
to 6,000 each for a few years of farm-
The farm contains about 1,400 acres
of land, 800 of which are under, culti
vation. His house is, on a knoll over
looking the greater portion of the farm.
And it is an inspiring view to see his
many, buildings for tenants, his barns,
and storehouses - for grain, and the
cattle feeding in the distance Last
year, though already having a large
country house, he added a superb front
to it at a cost of between $3,000 and
$4,000. The building is of the latest
architecture, with slate roof and cop
per (water pipes. "I built it for my
comfort and for my friends," he said.
"Much more could be said, but here
is a case of a poor boy making, for
himself fortune from the bounty of
mother earth in a Southern State ; here
is a fact that cannot be- gainsaid; here.
r - m j. T . T. -i j .n ' ' - r
la m iauk wuicn uiue outers press ior
word. Use brains and energy in your
work, farmers, and you can ddriike-
wise. There is no section' of ' the
UniotTwhere success is more easily
secured than in the South, and in this
favored section farming does pay.
We publish in this issue the elo
quent ; speech of Mr. . Josephus
Daniels, editor of the Baleigh News
and Observer, at the-Laurinbug
banquet on the night of December
30th, in response to the toast "Dem
ocrats will redeem their pledges.
Mr. Daniels is one of those gifted
gentlemen who talks as well as he
writes, and always says something
worth saying and reading - when he
does either. - ! -; X .
There are in the Kansafc peniten
tiary fifty-nine convicted murderers
under sentence of death, waiting for
a gubernatorial signature to swing
them off. As public" sentiment "is
averse to capital punishment and
the law leaves it optional with !the
Governors to sign death warrants,
the Governors in late years have re
fused to sign them, :and hence the
accumulation of unhanged.'
The new battleship Ohio is being"
built at San Francisco by the builders
of the Oregon.. She will be larger
and swifter than the Oregon, which
is one of the model t warships of the
world and has been "' a world-wide
advertisemenikfor the builders. - -'
Tod Sloan, . the . jockey, has a
weakness .for- jewelry and Tiever
wears 4he same cravat twice. But
as. Tod gets a salary of $10,000 a
year, with- tips thrOwfiT in, he can
afford little" eccentricities : of this
kind,' ' 'ZZ
. In Germany Cupid, as far as the
postal employes are bncerned-is
run as 'a sort of annex of the Postal
Department. : The official attaches
are - not allowed to marry withou
permission of the authorities. .
- We are authorized to guarantee
every bottle of Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy and if .'not satisfactory to re
fund the -money to-the purchaser.
There is no better medicine made for
la mime, colds and whooping cough
Price, 25c. and 50c. per bottle. - Tryit
R. B. Bellahy. - t
TBI IM Yob Han Always
;AUA'niii.i. 'ZtZZZZ scinded Other Matters. i& V
St Dossey Battle.
! " . " . : J
A FINE CORPS OF
ndge Battle'aCharge to the Orand Jory
'' Hnch Complimented Important - j
Murder and Burglary Cases Set K
' ' or Trial Next Week.
The first" business session ;of the
January term of the Circuit-! Criminal
Court was convened yesterday morn
ing at 10 o'clockTy Judge Dpssey Bat
tle. Solicitor Rodolph Duffy, Clerk
W. R. French and Sheriff. 'Walter I
MacRae were all at theis posts and a
considerable '. amount of business was
transacted. ; '
Judge Battle's charge to the grand
jury was able and comprehensive and f
elicited very many compliments. :t He
is r an emcient presiding officer ' and
dispatches business admirably. : Mr.
Duffy is proving' himself an efficient
solicito. Mr. MacRae. the new sheriff.
is all - that could be desired in dis
charge of the- duties of ; his office.
Mr. French, the clerk" is an old stand
by, and . his proficiency in the dis
charge of the duties of his office is a
fact- of long standing. -Tfuly the
Wilmington : Criminal Court is now
ably officered, from the judge on the
beneh do wn:; . '-Zi '
The grand jury which : is" serving
during the present term is as follows:
'-7 r -T U tl - T rt TTT '
ner, -Rudolph- Hart, Geo. Wilson, C.
H. Hill, Henry Qreen William UromH
well, W. H Merrick,' Henry Tietgen,
Jes. P, Walton, C. B. Clowe, H. A.
Martandale." Fred Westewnan," T. E.
Myers, J. F. Stanland, J. D. Strick
land, J. W. Cunningham, W. K. Bell.
The case against Edward King, col
ored, for the murder of , the negro
Johnson, in Dros3 ' Neck, several
months ago, was set for trial on Tues-
fcTay f next week.",. - . '" -'
The burglary eases docketedagams t
Ed. King, Chas. Fisher and John Wal
ker for breaking into the residence of
Mr. W. N.- Harriss, and other dwell-"
ings last .Summer and Fall, were set
for trial on Wednesday of Next week.
Venires of 50men each, are to be
summoned to select jurors for each
case. ' : '
On Friday of this week the case of
burglary against: Ed. Fpy colored, in
which he is charged with breaking in
to the'd welling of Jordan Nixon, col-
bred, is set for Friday of this week. .
Jas. Harper,, colored, plead guilty of
assault and battery with deadly
weapon in .two' cases. Judgment is
pending. ; -! --
Henry Wright, colored, -- plead
guilty of larceny and was given five
months in the county jail. ; .-
Charles Davis, colored, guilty of
larceny in . three cases, was given
twelve months in the penitentiary for
one offence and judgment was sus
pended in the other two.
At 5.3U o ciocK court took; a recess
until 9.30 A. M. to day. '
The docket to be disposed of this
time comprises 99 cases, hence the
long hours to be observed. - .
PROMPT ACTION OF
SmallD0x Patient Escaped from the Pest
' House and Was Remanded Three
Honrs After Right. T
William Barnett, the negro Ismail
pox victim, -escaped from the pest
house yesterday morning and came to.
his home on Wooster street between
Second and Third, j--..;
The news of his escape was imme
diately - transmitted to the Marine
Hospital by the nurse in attendance
at the pest house, and the hospital
officials were notified.' Dr. McMillan,
with. Capt Robert Green, Chief Quar
antine , Inspector, . and other officers
succeeaea in locating and carrying
him back to the pest house within
three hours from the time of his
escape. . ... ' . , -. :-" '- . '
A number of negroes found in the
house with Barnett, where he was
captured, were at once vaccinated and
one negro woman who objected, was
placed under strict quarantine. r "
The negro Barnett hajrvery success
fully passed through almost all stages
of. the disease and would have been
released in a very few days. , . ,
While-there is not the least danger
of a contagion, Dr. McMillan thought
it best to adopt the safest measures and
therefore vaccinated-.- all ' who had
come in contact with him. L
- Some of the towns in the gas belt
of Ohio, depend almost entirely on
natural gas for heating, purposes in
their houses. And sometimes acci
dents with: the pipes or something
else puts the denizens in a bad fix
The bursting of a main pipe during
a-cold snap last week, when the mer-
curing was standing about zero, gave
the denizens of Lima the cold shivers
for several hours, until the break
could be located and repaired.
There is no accounting for tastes.
A few days ago - ari Oregon man
traded his wife off "for the wife of
another man, because he threw in
four acres of onions, and now we
have a Brooklyn, N. Y., man, who,
after; celebrating ' Christmas' ; in Ins
way, went home and found his wife
putting oniorfin the aoup. He pro
tested, she persisted and the dispute
was settled by his breaking her skull
with a heavy plate. . ; ' "ZZZ,
When the Bostonians-havemusic
they want it . good, hence the City4
Council has- adopCed an ordinance
that no hand organ shall be ground
in the streets "unless properly tuned.
; - Tine Seat PrecrIptlon far CblUs
and fever is a bottle of Grove'sTastix
1X83 CHUiL Tonio. ... Never fails to
cure: then why- experiment , with
worthless imitations! - Price 50 eenta.
Your money back if it fails to cure.
- Renewal of Liquor Licenses Further Con
swerea and Action of Monday Re- ..
Pursuant to adjournment
afternoon the County Commissioners
v4 11 oslock -yestey ImOT
to - further consider the matter of
granting renewal of licenses to those
persons previously . refused by, the
Board of Aldermen. . -iiZZ:"'' '
' ' Col. Roger Moore, . Capt. Jno. D.
Barrjv and jMr. ;W." P. Alexander,
composing the J! entire i Board were
present. Zj-ZZZZ'Z.ZZ Z 'jf'-'ZjJZ-rZ
Attorneys for the various persons to
whom license had been refused, as pub
lished in yesterday's Stab, were pres
ent, as also were nqmber of residents
and-property owners in the neighbor
hood of the location - of the! , various
saloons to which license had been re
fused. . ' .. ; " ;'v' T '-Z.
TJpon motion of Ca't Barry the. re-
newal of H.:.D.Dldenbuttel,s license,
vruxou. was graniea monaay, was recou
sideied, and the Board, after deliber
ation decided - that it had jdo legal
right to pass upon applications, which
had previously been., disapproved -by
the Board of Aldermen
Marsden Bellamy, Esq., in behalf ot
his clien t, H. D." Oldenbuttel, stated
that the report that Mr. Oldenbuttel
owned or bad interest n theji disrepu-
able house known as "Mow Castle"
was untrue. .
: The commissioners, however, de-"
cided that they had no; legal right In
the matter, and the applicants, refused
renewal by the aldermen, must close
their saloons at the expiration of their
licenses. i-Z?:' l'ZZ-,Z-, '
Mr. W. A. Riach and Mr, T. Don! an
thanked the BoardTor its action in the
matter. f- . . ;
Bids "for repairing . Island Creek
bridge, in Cape Fear township, were
oeaed and the contract awarded to
Mr. Hiram Merritt for $49.50, it ap
pearing that he was the Jo west bidder.
A bid for the burial of the county
poor at f 1.85 each from D. W. Teachy
was rejected, the contract already hav
ing been awarded to D. C. Evans.
An application from J. D. Little
ton for the position of keeper of Oak
Grove cemetery was rejected, the po
sition having already been filled. r
Upon motion of Mr. Alexander, an
appropriation of $150 was made for the
improvement of the road leading from
Wilmington to Federal Point. -
No farther business requiring atten
tion, the Board adjourned, subject to
the call of the chairman.. ' 1
BIQ -NEW WHOLESALE
Messrs. Morris Bear & Bros.' Opening
- Mammoth Stock of Dry Goods, No
tions, Etc., on Princess Street -
v Wilmington is constantly and rapid
ly forging ahead as a wholesale cehter
al as is abundantly evidenced by the
prosperous condition of old 1 establish
ments and the opening of new whole
sale houses. j .
The Stab announces with pleasure that
Messrs. Morris Bear & Bros.,! for many
years among the foremost wholesalers
of the EasternCarolinas have again
entered the arena of trade
opening a splendid stock of dry goods,
notions and hats at No.
The establishment comprises our
floors, each of them filled with a mam
moth and up to-date stock. "Then, too,
they have a large warehouse on Water
street, where they keep their plaids,
sheetings and heavier good !s. Great
quantities of goods are arriviirg daily
by steamer and rail and Messrs.'- Mor
ris Bear & Bros, will have ,a whole
sale establishment replete in every
department, which combined! with the
extensive experience and sterling busi
ness integrity of the members of -the
firm assures to . their customers the
very best advantages as to stock, prices
and service. . - .. "
They hive not yet announced V their
complete corps of salesmeni Howev
er Mr. Walter S. MacRae, of Fayette
ville, has been engaged as one of their
travelling salesmen. He is an ex
perienced and popular knight of the
grip.- Among the salesmen to look
after business In the store are Messrs.
Lu M. Bunting and Alex Boone, both
proficient in the dry goods and notion
wholesale trade, and estimable gen
tlemen".' ''..' '
' Messrs. . Morris Bear & Bros, for
many 'years conducted a mammoth
wholesale business at Nos. 110 and 112
North Front street, and did a splendid
business. Their high commercial
standing is sufficient guarantee that
they will successfully , t re-establish
themselves in the trade. j
They and their representatives will
travel North and South Carolina
and. will compete in every particular
wih wholesale houses of all cities
North and South, guaranteeing to du
plicate . invoices, as to prices and
quality, on the most accommodating,
terms. ; '-;.sZZ"ZZ- ":-.' - .
Cost of Regular Army Under Provisions
Z ' of the Hull BUI. -Z
. By Telesraph to the Hornuur Star.
WASHwaTONrJanuary 4,The cost
of the proposed military establishment!
a J I TT ,1 1 -1 . A . Jl 1 X AT.
unaer me. nuu dlu reponeu -,vo iub
House, as compared with the present
Tegular military z establishment, ; not
counting the volunteer forces incident
to the war, is shown in letters sent by
Adjutant General Corbin to Chairman
Hull ofhe Military Committee. They
give the. present cost of the regular
army at $24,343,434; . cost under the
proposed bill, $82,053,665; increase of
cost, $37,710,231. ' " r
How to rrevent Pnenmoiila. . -1
You arerperhaps aware that pneu
monia always results from a cold or
the epidemic of la grippe a few years
ago when so many cases , resulted in
pneumonia, it was observed jEhat the
attack was never followed by that dis
ease I when .? Chamberlain's . Cough
Remedy was used. - It counteracts any
tendency of a cold or la grippe to re-
suit in inai aangerous uisease. xt la
the best remedy in the World for bad
colds and - la grippe. - Every- bottle
wnrmntpfl . Wan fiftle bv R. R. ; Bel-
WEEDING OUTv .THE $i$rfS
New, Hanover Board of Education- Ac
Z: cepted ResignaUana of Some and ''
.'The . new
School Board .for; this
county is carrying out their resolution
to rid the county of negro school coou
mitteemen to the letter."'- So much so
that now there is not a' single negro
committeeman in l the county. A
sweeping riddance was made yester
day, v- :; Z'Z': :..
' The Board met yesterday at 8 P. M.J
in their office i at j the court ' house.
There were present Mr. B. G, Worth,
chairman, Capt T. Di Meares and Mr.
Q.' W: Westbrook. i " t
The first matter to engage their at
tention Was the; apportionment of the
school fund.. - The . resignations of
several negro school ;! committeemen
were then read and accepted. They
were J.' B.' Dudley, . of .: the colored
A. and M. College at Greensboro,
committeeman in School District No;
1, (city) Caesar Baker, colored, com
mitteman in Distrioi No. 4,'Masonboro
Township; Thos. Frank and John A.
Hall; , both .. colored,: committemen
in District No. 5, Harnett Town
ship. - The acceptance of. these
resignatioqs ' left ! three : . negroes
still members of various ricom-'
mittees. - They had manifested no
disposition to resign and the Board on
motion removed each of them and jde
clared their offices vacant. ' - v v S
'- Those removed were John G. Nor
wood colored, of District No. 2, (city) ;
W. H. Waddell. colored, of District
No.v4, Masonboro Township, and J.M!
Hewlett,: of District No. 5, Harnett
Township. 5 J
' The Board did not fill all the vacan
cies thus created. They made appoint
ments as follows: j&Ir. J. Q. Wells, '
vice J. M. Hewlett; .as a member of
District No. 5 Harnett Township ;
Mr. J. D. Woody, vice Thomas
Franks, colored, as a member in Dis
trict No. 5, Harnett township, and
Mr. Hosea Shepard jvice Jno A. Hart,
colored, as a member in- District
No. 5, Harnett township.
Vacancies yet to be-, filled are in
Districts Nos.; 1 amd 2, in the city
and District No. ij Masonboro town
ship,; - j.
These- vacancies"! will probably be
filled at-the next mBeng.
' The Board took a! recess, subject to
the call of the chairman.
CIRCUIT CRIMINAL COURT.
Tfie Business Session Will Begin To-day.
'! Convened for the Term Yester- -;
? day Morning.
Judge Dossey Battle and Solicitor
Rodolph Duffy, of the Circuit
Criminal court, arrived in the
city yesterday- morning -to at
tend ' ihe ' January term - of the
court which will be in- session in this
city during thelpresent ' week . and
probably part of next week. Yester
day morning at 10 o'clock Judge Bat
tle formally coiivenced the court
and immediately took a recess until 10
o'clock this morning. This was done
in compliance with a notice recently
published in the Star providing that
the first business Session of the court
be convened at JlO o'clock to-day.
Jurors, witnesses, defendants, etc, will
be on hand at the court house tMs
morning and the business of the court
will be taken up and pushed as rapidly
as possible? - ! x .
The people of jWilmingtoh' most
heartily welcome Judge Dossey Bat
tle to the city and are especially pleased
to have him preside! over the- sessions
of their court He is making a fair
and impartial judge.
The session of the court here will .be
of almost two weeks duration. The
great bulk of the cases are for petty
offences. ' I . - -
Transport Hartford, from New York, Pat
. . in at Southport for Harbor.
" - Special Star Telegram.
SOUTHPOET, N. C, January 4. U,
S. Transport Hartford, r Captain Steph
ens, from New York bound to Hava
na, Cuba, arrived to-night for harbor
on "account of thick foggy weather.
She is a three-deck steamer, 1300 gross
tons, and is loaded with quartermas
ter's supplies for Cuba, in charge of
Captain Thompson, quartermaster, but
only has ten or twelve soldiers aboard.
The Hartford left New ; York New
Year's day, but the weather being
stormy put in at j Norfolk, ( leaving
there yesterday noon. -
Truckers Here Yesterday.
There was a meeting of the Board
of pirectors of the Eastern -Carolina
Truck and Fruit Grower's Association
at The Ortonyesterday afternoon. The
meeting was held far the 'purpose Of
considering business of interest to the
association membership. JT i . -
Among ' those here to attend .the
meeting were'Mr. W. L. Hill, of War
saw; Mr. C M Steinmets, of - Rose
Hill ; Mr. W. G. Fossell, of Hose Hill ;
Mr. J. S. Westbrook, of Faison; Mr.
J. H. Westbook, of Wallace ; Mr. J.
A. Westbrook, of ML" Olive and
F. L. Hill, of Wallace.
Jlew Jersey Maroon ers. Z
V Mr. H. G- Johnson nd Mr. C. W,
Buckalew, of Plainfield. N. J., arrived
in the city yesterday and will . spend
probably month id the vicinity of ,
Lockward's Folly hunting and fishing.;
They Will camp out inmarooning party
fashion. Mr. J. B. Mercery the popu
lar shoe man, will probably spend a
few days with them soon. -: ' -
- Let mk say I have used Ely's Cream
Balm for catarrh and can thoroughly
recommend 1 it for i what it claims.'
Verv.truly (Rev.) H. W. Bathaway.
. Elizabeth, N. J. ' ;
1 Teikd Ely's Cream" Balm, and to
all appearances am cured of, catarrh.
The terrible headaches from Which I
Jong suffered are gone-W. J. Hitch
cook, late Major TJ. S. VoL and Av A.
Jen., Buffalo, N. Y: l: . ; ' .
r A lOcc trial size or the - 50c. v size of
Ely's Cream Balm I wUl be mailed.
Kept by druggists. Ely - Brothers, 6$
Appointtnents:-? Made - by Capt. n.- f
iZZ:ZZ z.rv:: wyr
MEMBERS 0E LEGISLATURE. fU
the Number HaveArrived:
-Jtiilr Cnnnor in Iiid-fn'r SiMtalvr. i
- -- - . i r
S - oli!!i rnmhlaiallnM Una tliA
. - DNiy n jvvuiviuauvu iviu tu
West teBeat Him. 'Z ZZ
.Special Star Correspondence. Z
J1'""; RAuaaH, N. C, Jan; 2.
.. Capt. W."H. Day, the new superin
tendent of the penitentiary, took the
oath; of office this : morning 'and as
ume'd management of the institution.
He filed his official bond for $5,000
Saturday. 'I , " !
Mr. Day (announces the following
appointments: F. B. Arendell, mana
ager of the central prison ; J. R. Til
leryi manager of the State farms oi
the Cape Fear; J. L, Rhem, supervi
sor of the Northampton and Halifax
farms j T. H. Mclver, su per v isor of the
Caledonia farms, r
These three supervisors take the
place of the seven supervisors' now
employed.-thereby, saving in salaries
about $10,000 a year.'' Similar con-
souaauon oi omces, uapt, uay.sajs,
will be made all along down the line, -both
on the farm and within the peni
tentiary walls. It is understood that.
only one of r the, present supervisors
(McCaskey) will resist -removal.
The board of. directors also, Captain
Day is informed, "will resign in a body;
He has called a meeting- here for
Thursday, but he understands none of fyf . 'Z
them will attend. Some of them have jS' -Z
already resigned. In their places Gov.'tgS' v -Russell
will appoint such men as Capt'. kry rt
Day considers in Sympathy with his y '
plans and policy.. Amona this number .per
will be Mr. Isaac Green, of Weldon,' 150
who is here to.day.- . fu .'
A complete inventory of all the in- l)4'Z,t '
stitution's property will be taken and $ jZ'
as soon as it is complete Capt Day will, ui !: :'-:;
he says, ask the legislature to appoint KrT , ,"'
a committee to investigate its affairs. Erw :"
For this work Capt Day has appointed r -;
Mr. Geo. D. Bennett, of Goldsboro.JPif - .
and be asks Mr. MewVnrn
some one to represent him. Wheu -
sented, there can be no
fairness of valuation.
- "So far as I am able to
Uapt. Day told me yesterday, ,"the
indebtedness of the institution isi not
less than $80,000 and the crops (jtnd
omer proaucis wui not sell lor more
then $60,000, leaving a deficit of $20,
"Do you think you can make the
"I do, .though it never has been
done, if I can only get a board of di
rectors to join me in my plans. Mr,
Tillefy says he would, be willing to
take the - State farms and work the
convicts if the State would give him
one-tenth of the profit he could make,
provided he had the contract for four
years. He has made a fortune on the
Roanoke farms and knows what he is
talking about." , . - " r
All appointments at the penitentiary
have been turned over to Mr. Arendell
and all on the farms to Mr. Tillery.
Changes will be made from the pres
ent employes to Democrats as ranidlv
as possible. Mr. Tillery's .official act. igg
will be to turn out the ' twenty-seven nA'
negro guards on the Caledonia farms er
and put in white men. Mr. Tillery J r
and Supervisor Mclyerleft here on tbe-brto
noon train with seven white men who f. - .
have been appointed guards. Capt. fort
Day says that by Saturday night there last;
will not be a negro in the employ ofjAn-
tne penitentiary. ' Co.
New Year's Day is being observ-4
nere as a holiday by the banks, ppst-1
omce ana ciaie omces.
-. ine - aux wave sent
struck this city Saturday night' fw8.
For seve al days the weather had bt n
almost as pleasant as in Spri.'riM
Exactly at 11 o'clock a strong not i-v
east wind sprang up and by midnij A
the thermometer had fallen tweLtyf k
degiees. Later in the night a . lqebtfe 7
snow fell and bitter 'cold weather Jlwsri
Mr. W. H.-Smitb, of this city." has I -
just returned from .Manila "where he
was in the signal corps. He advises
every onO to stay away from the Phil
ippines, and opposes heir annexation.
Only one death occurred in Raleigh
from typhoid fever during the past
year. - . : ' - , . j.-
Confederate Veterans. :r V fi
The Confederate Veterans' Associa-
X! - "KT .1 j-, , .,1... .
uou 01 iionn uaroiina win meet ini 47-
1 : 1 ttt . 1 1 -? ;i
Bueuuu oessiou uere ou vv eunesuay,
January 25th. ' - ' 1
Mr. Geo. Frapps, who has' been
elected a State chemist, in place of Mr.
Miller, who has resigned, will not en
ter upon his duties until June 1st He
returned to Johns Hopkins University
to-day to complete his Ph. D.
The members of the Legislature are
now beginning to arrive. About a
dozen, came yesterday. , There are -S ,$ . -r
many candidates for minor places here. V.. Z-., -
Special Star Telegram,.
About one-balf of the members of
the Legislature have arrived.. The
number of candidates for place's, is 5 22
very large, and they are here. t . 4 Jo
i All interest to-night is centered ini w
tha speakership. Judge Connor seems a so
to be in the lead. His friends claim lj
fifty Votes on the first ballot; forty- t
eight being necessary to a choice. His
election,.nowever, is not-conceded by
his opponents Overman, Craige and
Moore. At "a late , hour to-night it
seems probable that there will, be be
fore the caucus to-morrow night a
combination of these three candidates,
all from the West, to - defeat Connor,
who is the only candidate in the East.
There is also talk of the withdrawal of
Crrige in favor of Moore; both being -from
the Ninth Congressional Dis
trict ' : . r
Vice President Hobart was unable jfjj
to attend the session of the Senate yes- j
terday, being confined to bis home Q
with a mild attack Of the grip. ? Z '' j '..Yyo
' !T:. A Clver -Trick. ' ' '-'
It certainly lookalike it, but there is ; A
reaiiyno tncxaDoui u. Anypooycan
try it who has iame isack and Weak
Kidneys, Malaria or nervous troubles.
We mean he , can cure himself right
away by taking Electric Bitters. This
medicine tones up (the whole system,
acts as a stimulant to Liver and Kid
neys, is a blood purifier and nerve
tonic. ;It cures' Constipation, Head
ache. Fainting Spells, Sleeplessness
and Melancholy. It. is purely vege
table, a mild laxative, and restores the
system to its natural.vigor. Try Elect .
trie Bitters and be convinced that they
are a miracle worker. Every bottle
cuaranteed. Only 50c. a bottle atR.
R. BKiXAMY'sDrug Store. t
For Infants and Children. . .
The Kindlfca Have AlwayJooght
J - Bears the".
11 - r