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0 / 75
'Xlic meekly 'gfax.
I LLIAM E. BERNARD
Editor and Proprietor.
WILMINGTON, N. C.
March 31, 1899.
VOICES OF WARNING.
Several days ago we quoted an ar
ticle from thje American Wool and
Cotton Reporter on the danger of
the Trust craze and predicting that
if not restrained it would surely
result in a crash that will riot only
destroy the Trusts butc bring ona
financial panic that will . spread
throughout the country. The writer
gave very good reasons for what he
Jt is not in the nature of things
that all these Trusts should prove
profitable, for there are entirely
too many of them. There fa
scarcely an article which enters
intogerieral use that has not its
Trust, and it is not in the nature of
'things, either, that these Trusts
will have an undisputed monopoly
in their respective lines, for if those
in existence show tempting profits
that will stimulate the organization
of rivals and tften the cutting and
flashing will take place that will be
ruinous to one or both. We have
indications of this already in the or
ganization of some Trusts that
must become competitors directly or
indirectly of others previously or
ganized, while some : have been or
ganized for the express purpose of
competition j the new Oil Trust, for
instance, which, backed by English
"capital, ha3 been . organized as &
competitor of the Standard Oil
Company. It has purchased a large
oil-barng tract of land in the
Cherokee country and will make thjit
its base of operations. It may pos
sibly be for a while a troublesome
competitor of the Standard Oil Com
pany, and may very materially re
duce its dividends, but it must have
agreat deaLo,f money to throw away
if it expects to. reiiain in the field
and keep up the competition. If,
however the Standard Oil Company
had not the" unbounded resources
and capital it can command this new
concern might drive it to the wall
or each might go to the wall in the
effort' to destroy the other.
When the trouble begins it is only
thos'6 of "unlimited capital which can
survive . while th hundreds will
topple. This will Tbe the case, even
with those Which have been organ
ized Tor regular work, - and with
some honest capital, but the others
which have been oaganized on spec-
nJafivo Vmaia wif.h a flmall hnnA ?7a
"and & large watered stock will top
ple like card houses when the light
ning strikes. They will go, bring
others down with them and some
that might stand alone if thev were
i i i i i
way The writer of the article to
which we have referred is . not the
only person who looks for trouble to
the Trusts, and ruin to their vic
tims, to the" people who are enticed
to putting their money into them.
The New York World has been
recently asking the views of proml-
Trusts,yn connection with which
we quote' the following: .
William T. Haines, Attorney-Gen
eral of Maine said:
"I expect to see the greatest panic the
country ever saw, in less than five
' years, as a result of trusts. All kinds
of properties are being sold to trusts
ior iwice wnai mey are worm, upon
which stocks and bonds are being:
investing their money ia the same.
General bankruptcy and panic will
sooner orlater be the result of these
great combinations. 'A
. QaiA A A ' a 1 :
kjeuvi a., a. uuuuaru, -a.iiiuriioy
Qenerl of Kansas: , ; .
Another and very serious danger
to inis country growing out of the
formation of - trusts and 'combines .'
and "one that may strike every business
and every system of the. country, is
the tendency to create these coroora-
tions with stock based upon fictitious
values, mere by increasing speculation,
which may take the form of the 'South
Sea Bubble! and result in a general
panio and a period of financial trouble
and depression throughout the coun
"Both Mr. Haines and Mr. Goddard
are Republicans. Mr. Haines is from
the far East." Mr. Goddard has the
trans-Mississipni West as his environ
ment. Yet they express precisely the
same opinion and that a sensible and
profoundly interesting opinion
."Attorney-General Griggs, in the
last sentence of the famous 'uncondi
, tjonal surrender letter, hints at fhe
TJ monoply continues to thrive
through the fear pf Mr. Griggs that he
might seem- "superofncious," -'and if
the result predicted above comes to
pass, who will be responsible? And,
further, if there should be a cataclys
mic crash, would not' monopoly
rise from the ruins more powerful
than ever, more able than ever to
crush out the industrial and politica
independence of a people prostrated
' uj iuo panuysu oi ineir enure maus
"From any point ofview monopoly
is not oniy a dominant out also press
- ' Attorney General Haines expects
"to see the greatest financial panic
the country ever saw, in less than
five years, as a result of trusts," while
Attorney General Goddard sees
"South Sea Bubble" which wil!
burst ana spread panic far ana
Attorney General Griggs, of -New.
Jersey, a State which is a regular
Trust incubator, sees no way of
curbing them by. Federal legisla
tion, but says it must be done by
State laws, and that the States
should- co-operate for that purpose,
which view is in line with the move
ment -in the Pennsylvania Legisla
ture to appoint a commission to in
vestigate the Trust question and
suggest such' legislation as it may
; - - N . r .
'' deenl best to check the Trust abuse,
.' and also to seek the co-operation of
; other States of the Union with a
: view to securing uniform legisla
j While there may be politics in
some oi mis, mere ia euuugn -
to show that there is a growing ap
prehension that this Trust craze is
going to result in a financial crash
that will shake the 'country and
bring ruin that it may take many
years to recover from.
Notwithstanding the report -that
Mark Hanna Bays there is an under
standing between him and Mr, Mc
Kinley and Mr. Hobart that Mr.
Hobart is to be' McKinley's running
mate if McKinley be renominated
for the Presidency, there are indi
cations that concerted . efforts are
being made to put Hon. T. B. Reed
on the ticket as McKinley's running
mate, and this with the connivance
of, Mark Hanna and Mr. McKinley.
These is; pretty good reason for be
lieving that the meeting on Jekyl
island was arranged with the view
of seeing whether something might
not be done to placate 7 Eeed and
bring him more in harmony, with
the adminstration, although it is
stoutly denied by Hanna and others
that politics had anything to do
,with that meeting.
Itlis somdwhat significant, how
ever! that so soon after it, the Chi
cago) Times-Herald should spring
the nomination of Mr. Reed for the
Vice Presidency on the ticket with
McKinley, the Times-Herald as
suming that McKinley ' will be re
nominated. . As is well known the
relations between the editor of that
paper and Mr. McKinley are very
close and cordial, and have been so
ever since Mr. Kohlsaat joined
bands in 1896 with Hanna in boom
ing McKinley for the Presidency,
and in manipulating the delegates
to secure his nomination, for which
next to Hanna McKinley is indebted
to himl ; This gives special signifi
cance to Mr Kohlsaat's advocacy of
Reed for the Vice Presidency, be
cause the reasonable inference is that
this has not been done without con
sultation with Hanna and McKinley,
both of whom are very anxious to
placate the Maine kicker, and would
gladly put him on the ticket if he
would consent to become the tail to
IT WILL DO GOOD.
Whatever the results of:' the bad
beef investigations may be as to fix
ing the responsibility for - palming
off rotten meat on the army when
good meat was contracted and paid
or; they have thrown so much light
on the beef question that the result
will--be beneficial to the whole
country. ; While the inquiry - was
intended to ascertain what kind of
beef !he soldiers were fed with, the
American people have had a lot of
information supplied as to the kind
of beef they have been fed with,
that is those who depended for their
beef supplies on the great packing
houses of the West.
How many, or how few, persons
had any idea of the stuff they were
jbating when they ate the canned
"roast beef" that found its way
into so many households, be
fore : they read the testimony
showing what this stuff - was, that
is simply the collections of the
refuse meat which had been boiled
and the nutriment extracted before
it was put into cans, subjected to a
high degree of heat and labelled and
put on the market as "roast beef."
It .is safe to say that henceforth
there will be very little demand for
that kind 6f "roast beef."
But this js not all, for the pub
lished testimony shows that much
of the beef put upon the market is
temporarily preserved with chemical
applications and that much more is
diseased meat which should find its
place in the fertilizer factory in
stead of the butcher's stall. It will
be very strange, indeed, if all this
does not result in. more rigid inspec
tion of the beef slaughtered bv
these companies, for practically,
while there have been inspection
laws, their' execution amounted to
little more than a farce.
In 1897 the commerce of New
York city was $3,153,000 less than
it was in-1896, and in 1898 the de
cline was. $39,250,000. The New
York papers attribute this to what
they call railroad discrimination,
hut the fact is it is due to the diver
gence of much of the business that
went to New York to Southern
ports. - And there will be more of it.
John M. Young, a gentleman who
was born in Ireland, but, when young
became a citizen of Kentucky, cele
brated his 106th birthday a few days
ago, and is still Young.- He cast his
first vote for James K. Polk, and has
been poking in Democratic votes
right along ever since.
.The US. pension rolls now carry
200,000 widows. A good many o:
these are widows who came in under
the supplemental proceedings, so to
speak, and bear their anticipated
widowhood with becoming resigna-
The peculations of the members
oi tne nansas legislature were
checked this ' year by employing de
tectives. when the session closed to
spot those who stole typewriters
and other movable things and make
AMERICAN NAILS IN ENGLAND.
It puzzles English manufacturers
to understand how.it is that AmerU
can manufacturers can make and
sell manufactured articles in Eng
land at a lower figure than English
manufacturers can. This is the case
in many lines of goods, including
iron and steel articles, the manufac
ture of which the Englishmen
thought they had got down so fine
that there was no reason to fear suc
cessful competition But the suc
cessful' competition came, and from
the direction least expected. Refer
ring to the sale of American nails in
England the British Iron and Coal
Trades Revieio says:
"Figures published from 'time to
time make it clear that the United
States threatens Europe with serious
competition in the nail trade, 'despite
the fact that it is a highly finished pro
duct, as iron works' products go, and
involves the employment of a large
amount of skilled labor. At the aver
age wholesale price of $1.08 per keg of
100 pounds,the United States, appears
to be prepared to sell cut nails at works
for about $23, or about i 15 shillings,
per ton', little more than the British
price for steel rails. This, moreover,
is not the price for export purposes
alone, but the average American price
for all purposes for a whole year. We
have never heard of any price ap
proaching this figure being quoted in
Europe British nail manufacturers
would be likely to find it worth their
while to ascertain how it is done, com
patibly with the paj-ment of the higher
range of wages common to aril Ameri
can industries." t
Wages f skilled workmen are
higher in this country than in 'Eng
land and 'therefore English; iron
makers can't understand how Ameri
can iron makers can afford to pay the
higher wages and yet sell their goods
for less money than the Englishmen
can, but they fail to catch on to the
fact that the American makes ma
chinery do the work of many men,
and that he only pays one man where
the Englishman pays several.
One of the studies in the Ameri
can shop and factory is to dispense
with hand labor, whether it be in the
making of a match or in the build
ing of a locomotive, and for that
reason whenever it is practicable to
substitute machine for hand labor,
it is done, whether the cost of hand
abor be high or low. Of course
there are other reasons , why the
American goes to the front, but this
i3 the principal one.
Experience With a Crazy Woman.
Mary Worth, the insane colored wo
man who has been giving the jail
authorities no end of trouble since her
incarceration, was taken to the Golds-
boro colored asylum yesterday morn
ing ny ueputy. snerm lung, ane
fought vio'ently on being taken from
the jail to the train and Deputies King
and Oscar Millis had all they could do
to keep her from doing injury to them.
She, however, became pacified on the
train but Mr. King, who returned last
flight, said that she gave him a
ively scrimmage when he attempted
to take her from the train at Golds
boro. ' Effie Graham, another insane
colored woman from New Hanover
county, had to be brought back by
Mr. King to make room for the Worth
woman, the hospital already being
crowded with colored insane. .
Hotnewood Colony Prosperous.
Mr. L. D. Pettenger, of Steward,
111., is in the city en route home from
Hotnewood Colony near Conway
where he has' been the. guest of his
parents, Mr. and Mrs. E. W. Pet
tenger. The Home wood Colony has
been located only about four months
and is, Mr. tettenger says, making
excellent headway in the matter of
establishing themselves in trucking
and other industries. They have good
prospects for a profitable strawberry
crop this Spring.
Committed For Attempted Incendiarism.
J ustice McGowan yesterday render
ed his decision in the case of the young
white mail Thomson, who was. ar
raigned before his court Tuesday af
ternoon, charged with attempted in
cendiarism' in making an effort to burn
the house of a white woman. ' Grace
Miller, on Queen street. He adjudg
ed that there was probable cause, and
the defendant was committed to jail in
default of $100 bond for his appearance.
at the next term of tbe Circuit Crimi
By the Bishop of East Carolina.
March 31. Good Friday, M.
Thomas'. Cumberland Co.
March 31, Good Friday, E. P., S. Phil
April 2, Easter Day, M. P., S. John's:
ui. jr., o. josepn s. uavetteville.
April 4, Tuesday, E. P., S. Matthew's,
April 5, Wednesday, Com., S. Mat
thew s, Maxton.
April 5, Wednesday, E. P., Red
April 9, Sunday 1st after Easter, M.
Jr., Uhnst Uhurcn. Kockhsh.
April 9, Sunday 1st after Easter, E. P.,
s,b. Andrew s, v jea mil.
April 16, Sunday 2nd after Easter, M,
P., Christ Church.
April 16, Sunday 2nd after Easter, E.
P., S. Cyprian's. Newborn.
April 17, Monday, S. Thomas', Craven
April 18, Tuesday. S. Pauls, Vance-
April 19, Wednesday, E. P., Stone
April 20, Thursday, Com.. Stonewall.
April 21, Friday, Grace Church, Tren
April 25, Sunday 3rd after Easter, M.
P., S. John's. Wilminitton.-
April 23, Sunday 3rd after Easter, E,
jr., uooa npnera, Wilmington.
April 30, Sundaytth after Easter, M.
P.. 8. James. Wilmincton.
May 7, Sunday 5th after Easter, Lake
Dryino Preparations simnlir A
velop dry catarrah; they dry up the
recretions which adhere to the mem-
brance and decompose, causing .a far
more serious trouble than the ordinary
form pf catarrah. Avoid all drying
uinaianxs ana use mat wmcn cleanses.
soows neaaie. jaiy s uream Balm is
such a remedy and Will cure catarrah
or cold in the head easily and pleasantly
A trial size will be mailed for 10 Mnta
largejor 50 cents. All druggist keep
lk. jDiiy .Drawers o warren ot, N.
HEARING IFF EVIDENCE
Testimony for Contesfee in Congressional
Election Case Before Notaries
' Fowler and Wallace.
The hearing of testimony in the
contested Congressional election case
brought by Oliver H. Dockery against
JnorD. Bellamy, ESq., was begun in
the Unjted States court room yester
day, morning, as was announced in
Notary Thos. E. Wallace, named by
the contestant, was associated with
jNotary Fowler in taking the deposi
tions, and Miss Estelle Shner stenog
rapher and typewriter. Miss Lizzie
Struthers was stenographer for Oscar
Spears, Esq., who is representing
Dockery at the investigation.
Ten o'clock was named as the ' hour
for convening the court, but about an
hour was consumed by the attorneys
arranging the preliminaries and the
first witness, Mr. Samuel Blossom, of
Castle Hayne, was not called until
about 11 o'clock. Being duly sworn
he testified that he was 62 years , of
age, and had been a resident of Cape
Fear township for about 26 years. He
was not an officer at his precinct for
the election held Nov. 8th. 1898, but
was at the polls fora major part of
the day and saw no attempt either by
fraud or intimidation to prevent any
qualified voter from exercising the
right of suffrage. The election in his
precinct, he testified, was conducted as
fairly and openly as any election had
been conducted in twenty -five years.
The direct examination was con
ducted ey Geo. L. Peschau, Esq., and
did not consume more than fifteen
The cross-examination was conduct
ed by Oscar J Spears, and consumed
about an hour.
Witness testified that he was born
in Madeira Islands, but had been a
resident of the United States forty or
forty-five years, having secured his
naturalization papers about twenty
years ago from New" Hanover autho
A question as to whether the full
vote of bis precinct was cast at the late
election was objected to by counsel for
contesfee and promptly sustained by
both notaries on the grounds, stated
by Mr. Geo. L. Peschau, Esq., to the
effect that the election returns were
the best evidence of this fact.
Mr. Spears, however, contended for
an answer and witness replied that the
full vote was cast 'with the exception
of three or four votes from each party.
He further testified that there was a
new registration in his township; that
he registered and voted for Bellamy.
He had several white and several col
ored men in his employ, but used no
intimidation whatever toward them.
Saw no Winchester rifles or lawless
display cn the part of white men.
ine next witness introduced was
Mr. G. W. Westbrook, of Wrights-
ville, and the examination was con
ducted by Franklin McNeill, Esqr His
evidence was not materially different
from that of Mr. Blossom. He, with
six other election officers equally di
vided among the parties, held the
election in question in .Harnett town
ship. It was quiet and peaceable.
Nothing was elicited from a long
and tedious cross examination by Mr,
The nest witness was Mr. R. W,
Bordeaux, of Cape Fear township, and
the examination was conducted bv
Geo. L. Peschau, Esq.
His testimony was substantially the
same as the others The cross exami
nation was the stereotyped form and
was good evidence for the 1 contestee
Mr. Jno. A. Biddle of Federal Point
township, the last witness before the
noon recess, was examined by Geo.
L. Peschau. The election in his town
ship he said was fair and impartial
No cross examination was held by Mr.
The court adjourned at 1.15 o'clock,
and upon re-assembling at 3.30 in
the afternoon, Franklin McNeill, Esq.,
examined Mr. Junius G. Love, of Wil
mington, who testified that at the last
election he was registrar at the first di
vision of the Second Ward. The offi
cers of election were about evenly di
vided between Republicans and Demo
crats, there being no Populists in that
The cross-examination was long and
tedious as those of the forenoon ses
sion, and no evidence was secured fa
vorable to the contestant.
Mr. John Fergus, of Masonboro
township, was examined by W. B.
McKoy, Esq. The election in his pre
cinct, ne testined, was iairiy coo-.
ducted. A copy of the constitution
and by-laws of the White Government
Union was introduced during the re
direct examination by counsel for con
testee and was ordered attached to the
Mr. C. H. Keen was the last witness
before the adjournment of the session.
which was taken at 5:30 o'clock in the
afternoon. He testified as to having
been a registrar, in the Fourth-division
of the First ward.
The full strength of the Republican
party which was greatly in excess of
the Democratic vote, was polled. The
election was peaceful and quiet.
The cross examination furnished no
evidence unfavorable to the contestee,
and upon its conclusion by Mr. Spears,
an adjournment was taken until 11
o'clock this morning, at which time
other witnesses will be heard.
State of Ohio, City of Toledo, J
FttANK J. Cheney makes oath that
he is the senior partner of the firm of
F. J. Cheney & Co., doing business
in the City of Toledo. County and
State aforesaid, and that said firm will
pay the sum of ONE HUNDRED
DOLLARS for .each and every case of
Catarrh that cannot be cured by the
usK? ui n ft i.Ij UATAUKH UUKE.
FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before meand subscribed
in my presence, this" 6th day of De-
cemDer, tx. u. iaae. .
A. W. GLEASON,
j SEAL V
( JT ' . Notary Public.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken in
ternally, and acts directly on tht
blood and mucous surfaces of the sys
teml Send for testimonials, free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by' Druggists, 75c. .
Hall's Family Pills are the best t "
ON THREE WARRANTS.
Young White Man ArrestedLast Night on
Instructions f com Charlotte Authori
ties Warrant for Woman Also.
J; Tillman Howard, recently from
Charlotte, was taken" into custody
by Captain of Police- Furlong last
night by authority of three war
rants, issued by D. G. Maxwell, Jus
tice of the Peace of Chariot ce, N. C ,
upon the affidavits, of fW. R. Terry,
also of Charlotte, charging, first, aban
donment of his wife ; second, fornica
tion and adultery: third, disposing of
With these warrants also came one
for Ida E. Terry, charging the same
offence as. the -second ono against
Howard. She wasnot arrested -last
night, ut the police have her under
close surveillance, and will make th
arrest when the officer arrives from
Charlotte She is" 'a middle aged wo
man, has three small children and is
at present boarding at a house in
the vicinity of Water street.
The warrants are dated March 25th,
and the offences are alleged to have
been committed on or jibout March
Mayor Waddell last night tele
graphed the authorities at Charlotte
that Howard had been taken into
custody and asked what disposition taf
make of him. A 'reply is expected
this morning, and it is likely au officer
will arrive on the 12 05 S. A. L. train
Howard is a young man aged about
twenty-five years, has a refined ap
pearance and came here from Char
He is originally, however, from
Y0UNQ MAN HOWARD RELEASED.
Por Want of Official Communication With
J. Tillman Howard, the young white
man taken into custody by the police
Monday night by authority of three
warrants from Justice Maxwell of
Charlotte, was liberated yesterday in
the absence of official notice from
Charlotte authorities as to what dispo
sition to make of the prisoner.
Mayor Waddell, it will be remem
bered, telegraphed to Charlotte officers
Monday night of the arrest, but hav
ing received no reply, yesterday at
noon turned the young man loose.
Later in the day, however, ne re
ceived a telegram signed by Sheriff
Wallace, "perT," instructing him. to
still hold Mr. Howard until an officer
arrived. His suspicions were aroused
by the unusual signature to the mes
sage, and in response to a further
telegram Sheriff Wallace ' notified
Mayor Waddell that he had not sent
such a telegram or authorized such
Mr. Howard stoutly denies the alle
gations of the warrants, stating that
he is in weekly communication with
his wife and can see no reason for
such prosecution on the part of W. R.
Terry, who made the affidavits.
A ripple of interest was caused in
the city late yesterday afternoon by
the announcement tbat ex-Chief of
Police ' Melton, who departed Wil
mington on . the occasion of the re
cent trouble here, had arrived on the
6.45 f. m. A. U. Lm train and was
then in the city.
A private telegram received shortly
after -4 o'clock from Mount Olive to
the effect that Melton was on the Wil
mington bound train gave rise to the
rumoiv but it was contradicted by a
later telegram stating that Melton left
the train at Magnolia.
District Court Jurors Drawn.
The jury for the Spring term of the
United States District Court was drawn
yesterday, but will not be Made public
until later, inasmuch as the court will
not be convened until June 6th. It
will be remembered that the regular
time for the court is May 1st, the post
ponement having been made because
Judge Purnell has been instructed to
be in attendence upon the Circuit Court
of Appeals, which will be in session in
Richmond at that time.
CYCLONE IN PITT COUNTY.
Struck the Town of Bethel Tuesday
Night -Buildings Wrecked There
Was No Loss of Life.
Special Star Correspondence.
Bethel, Pitt Co., March 29.
A cyclone struck the town of Bethel
last night (Tuesday) about 8 o'clock.
No such a storm has ever been ex
perienced in hi8 community; the
wind blew from , six to ten minutes,
sweeping everything , in its path.
Among the losses tbat have been as
certained was the Missionary Baptist
church, which was torn literally to
pieces. The entire building? was
moved from its foundation about ten
feet. Another loss is the' large brick
hotel, which was very badly torn up;
the whole top was blown off, windows
broken out and the rain that followed
has damaged the stocks of goods to an
unknown extent. Blount & Bro.'s
large livery stables were torn
to pieces; in them were three horses
and four buggies and a large
lot of corn and fodder. Two of the
horses were gotten out alive, though
injured ; the other a nice young mare
has not as yet been seen. We have
not heard of any lives being lost as
yet, but many houses and stores were
completely torn to pieces. There was
a car on the side-track of the railroad
ladened with fertilizers which was
blown at least 250 yards and wrecked
at the end of the switch. Much other
damage was done. The loss is un
known buwe think as far as we have
heard it is not less than $25,000 just in
the community of Bethel.
Relief In Six Houra. ' ,v
Distressing Kidney and Bladder dis
eases relieved in six hours by "New
Great South American Kidney Cure."
It is a great surprise on account of its
exceeding promptness in relieving pain
in bladder, kidneys and back, in male
or female. Relieves retension of water
almost immediately. If you want
quick relief and cure this is the remedy.
Sold by R. R. Bellamy, Druggist,
Wilmington, N. C. , corner Front and
Market streets. t
Ths Kina You Have Always Bought
CONFIDENT THE RALEIGH
WILL VISIT THIS PORT.
Commander Morton Back from Washing
ton Naval Reserves' Extra Pay.
Naval Reserves Officers.
There is now every assurance, save
the actual, issuance of the order, that
the cruiser Raleigh will visit this port
immediately after arrival from Manila
and formal welcome at New York. -s
Commander Geo. L. Morton arrived
from Washington yesterday, where,
as Star readers are aware, he has
been to urge dpon the naval authori
ties the claim of Wilmington for a
visit from the Raleigh, and to look
after other business especially per
taining to the North Carolina
Naval Reserves. To a ! Stab re
porter Commander Morton said last
night that he was unofficially assured
just before leaving Washington, by
'Assistant Secretary Allen, of the
Navy Department, that the cruiser
would be ordered here. j
The Raleigh is expected in New
York about April 5th, and she cannot
come to Wilmington before, about the
15th or 20th. j
Naval Reserves' Extra Pay.
Commander Morton said that while
in Washington he perfected an ar
rangement by which the Wilmington
Division and other Naval Reserves of
th State who did service in the late
Spanish war will get their extra
month's pay provided by a recent act
'of Congress without delay. Ordina
rily it would take from three to five
months for the applications to go
through all the red tape of -the de
partmenc, but by the arrangement
made by Commander Morton the boys-l
can get their money within two weeks
after the papers are properly filed. -
On and. after . Saturday of thiaweek
all who have claims for extra salary
are requested to call upon Ship-writer
W. W. Vick and .file their
discharges and sign blank applica
tions. j i
It is Now Captain Morton.
Recent changes in the organization
of thet North -Carolina NavaLReserves
have occasioned Mr. ''Morton's change
of rank from commander to captain,
the latter office ranging with major in
the regular army. ;
Captain Morton is expecting daily
an order from Raleigh for the election
of two commanders -respectively for
the first and second battalions of N.
C. Reserves. Also two lieutenant com
manders. The organization of the Mt.
Olive and Windsor divisions, making
seven in the State, necessitated the
change from a naval brigade to a bat
talion. The seven divisions are Wil
mingion, Newbern, Southport, Eliza
beth City, Kinston, Windsor and Mt.
Hornet Off the Ways.
Yesterday the converted cruiser
Hornet was re-launched from the
ways at Skinner's shipyard, all
work of scraping, repainting etc..
low the water line being complete,
will probably be ten days before
the renovation and improvements
contemplated will be completed
DR. H0GE TO BE THE ORATOR
For the Charleston Post Society On tbe
Occasion of Their Anniversary Cele
bration May 5th.
Charleston News and Courier.
The Charleston Port Society will be
signally fortunate this year i& it An
niversary orator. The Rev. Dr. Pey
ton H. Hoge, of Wilmington, N. C.
will deliver the annual sermon, on
Sunday night. May 5. Dr. Hoge was
mentioned prominently - as the sue
cessor of the Rev. Dr. John Hall, iu
the pastorate of the famous Fifth
Avenue Presbyterian Church in the
city of New York, and is a nephew of
the Rev. Dr. Moses D. Hoge, ;of Rich
mond, Va., whose recent death is so
deplored in the Old Dominion.
Dr. Peyton Hoge was very piomi
nent in the troubles in Wilmington a
few months since, bringing all the
power of his great ability and personal
influence to allay the tense feeling in
that community, and afterward giving
to the papers of the North the true
story of the trouble which arose. An
enthusiastic lover of Confederate
memories Dr. Hoge will remain in
Charleston throughout all the days of
the great Reunion in May.
BATTERY C, SIXTH ARTILLERY.
Will Leave Port Caswell for the, Pacific
Coast Early Next Week;
L Capt. Clarence Deems, of Battery C,
Sixth, artillery, under orders to go to
Manila was in the city yesterday after?
noon and told a Star reporter that
his httery will very probably leave
Fort.Caswell for the Pacific coast on
Monday or Tuesday of next week, cer
tainly not later than Wednesday.
Capt. Deems came up from Fort Cas
well yesterdayafternoon and left on
the seven o'clock northbound train for
Washington where he has been sum
moned as a witness in an investigation
bjcourt martial. He fears that he
will not be able to return t-y the city
before his battery receives orders to
start across the continent.
The First Ripe Strawberries !
Mr. W. Ay Riach; auditor! of
Atlantic Coast Line, comes to
front as an expert trucker as well as
railroad accountant, he i having
gathered fine ripe strawberries; on his
farm near this city on Tuesday of this
week. He didngather them in quan
tities, of course, but they were, at
east so far as reported, the first of the
irpr over pinr 'Teui,
Mrs. Winslow' Soothing Syrup has
been used for over fifty years by mil
lions of mothers fori their children
while teething, with perfect success.
It soothes the child, softens the gums,
allays all pain, cures wind colic, and is
the best remedy for Diarrhoea. It will
relieve the poor little sufferer imme
diately. Sold by Druggists in every
part of the world. Twenty-five cents
a bottle. Be sure and ask for "Mrs.
Winslow's Soothing Syrup," and take
no other. . I t
Kind You Haw Always BoiigW
Samoan Villages Destroyed by
American j and British
MANY NATIVES WERE KILLED
"King Mataafa Refuged Demand of AmerU
and British Representatives.
Upheld by German Consul Be .
gao Attack Sailors Killed.
By Cable to the Morning Star.
Apia, Samoa, March 23, (via Auk
land, N. Z , March 29.) The troubles
growing out of the election of a King
of Samoa have taken a more serious
turn and resulted in a bombardment
of native villages; along the shore by
the United States cruiser Philadelphia,
Admiral Kauntz j commanding, and
the British cruisers Porpoise and
Royalist. The bombardment has con
tinued intermittently for eight days.
Several villages have been burned,
and there have j been a . number of
casualties among L the American and
British sailors and marines. As yet it
is impossible to ascertain the number
of natives killed r injured.
As Mataafa and his chiefs, constitu
ting the provincial government, con
tinued to defy the treaty, " after the
arrival of the Philadelphia, Admiral
Kauntz summoned the various consuls
and senior naval officers to a confer
ence on board the Philadelphia, when
the whole situation was carefully can
vassed. The upshot was a resolution
to dismiss the provincial government
and Admiral Kauntz issued a pro
clamation calling j upon Mataafa and
his chief to return to their homes.
Mataafa evacuated Mulinum, the town
he had made his. headquarter.', and
went into the, interior. "
German Consul Upholds Mataafa.
Herr Rose, the j German consul at
Apia, issued a proclamation suppler
pmenting the one be had issued several
weeks before, upholding tbe provin
cial government. As a result of this
the Mataafans asembled in large force
and hemmed in the town.
The British cruiser Royalist brought
the Malitoa prisoners. from the- islands
to which they had. been transferred by
the provincial government.
The Americans then fortified; Mu
linum, where 22,000 Malietoans took
refuge. The rebels the adherents of
Mataafa barricaded the roads within
the municipality and seized the British
An ultimatum was then sent to
them, ordering them to evacuate, and
threatening, them in the event of re
fusal with a bombardment to com
mence at 1 o'clock on the afternoon of
March 15. This was ignored and the
Rebels Commenced an Attack
in the direction of the United States
and British consulates about half an
hour before the- time fixed for the
bombardment. The Philadelphia, Por
poise and Royalist opened fire upon
the distant villages. There was great
difficulty -in locating the enemy,
owing to the dense forest; but several
shore villages were soon in flames.
A defective shell from the Philadel
phia exploded near; the American con
sulate, and the marines outside nar
rowly .-escaped. A fragment- struck
the leg of private Rudge, shattering it
so badly as to necessitate amputation.
Another fragment traversed the Ger
man consulate, smashing the crockery.
The Germans then went on board the
German cruiser Falke.
British Sailors Killed.
During the night the rebels made a
hot attack on the town, killing three
British sailors. A British marine was
shot in the leg by a sentry of his own
party, another was shot in the foot
and an American sentry was killed at
his post, ! . ' -
The bombardment continuing, the
inhabitants of the town took refuge
on board the Royalist, greatly crowd
ing the vessel. Many people are
leaving Samoa, the captain of 'the
Royalist urging them to go, so as not
to interfere with the military opera
tions. The porpoise has shelled the villages
east and west of Apia and captured
many boats. . '
The Americans and British are fight
ing splendidly together, but-there Is
a bitter feeling against the Germans..
Two men, a British and a German
subject, have been arrested as spies.
The bombardment of -the jungle was
for a time very hot.
London, March 29. The Foreign
Office authorizes the statement that
the discussions going on between
Great Britain, the United States and
Germany with regard to Samoa are
proceeding in a friendly and satisfac
tory manner. j
Berlin, March 29. The Ham
burgische Correspondence, dealing
with the question of installing Dr.
Self, who will succeed Dr. Joannes
Raeffel as president of the municipality
of Apia, in the absence of a generally
recognized Samoan government, says:
The three powers nave arranged that
the German, British and American
consuls are to install the new president
of the municipality, j
Orave Concern in Washington.
Washington, March 29. The news
from Samoa that the U. S. cruiser
Philadelphia and the. British cruisers
Porpoise and Royalist had bombarded
towns held by Mataafa, who has thus
far had the official support of the Ger
man government, came with startling
suddenness to officials here, and dis
placed for the time being the attention
given to the fighting around Manila.
The shelling of Mataafa was looked
upon as of secondary, importance, but .
the deepest interest attached to the atti
tude of the German government. At
first apprehensions were felt that grave
international complications might
ensue. But those most intimately
familiar with the latest official ex
changes between Washington, London
and Berlin did not take such a gloomy
view of the outlook. While recog
nizing that ' the bloodshed at Samoa
created a very"' serious and delicate
situation, yet it was said to be a situa
tion which had been clearly appre
hended and had been discussed in ad
vance between tbe representatives of
the three governments. The real
crisis, from an international stand
point, occurred last week, when this
apprehended outbreak was discussed.
Although relations were greatly
strained, it was possible to secure an
understanding which is said to make
sure that the outbreak now reported.
Will Not Cause a Rupture
in the relations between the United
States and Germany or between Great
Britain and Germany. The details of
the bombardment, as conveyed in the
Associated Press dispatches were read
with eager interest by leading govern
ment and diplomatic officers who have
been most directly concerned in hand
ling the Samoan question.. There was
nothing of an official character, how
ever, either at the State or Navy De
partments or at the British or at the
German embassies to augment the
very full press reports. Upon this
officials based their views. --
In all quarters there were expres
sions of concern and surprise at the
seriousness and extent of the bombard
ment, and the resulting loss of life.
i.uai some overt act would take nio "
has been anrjrebnnxi iace
but there was little idea that it' fij
take such a bread sweep aiid Wi $
such heavy loss of life. In this asm!
of the case, the actual results
regarded as far more serious 1W
those which had been expected Ti
i matic exchanges between the th
governments. Moreover, new f
: Elements of International Danger
I had unexpectedly arisen. These i.i
j eluded the proclamation of the GP
! man consul. Rose, which, it -s l ''
i lieved, -tended to incite the Matasfi
party to an open rev-It; also th
woundine and killing of British sa'iW
! and marines. th shnofincrnf
can sentry and the attacks on sevet
consulates. These all involvfnr,i, '
pbossibilities of serious cofnplicatjori
WhUe they had been guarded ,.;.
as far as possible by the recent antici
patory exchanges, yet it was felt that
the German press and national senti
ment might be wrought to a hip,'
pitch by the events which had occur
red, and this outburst of popular feel
ing might overcome the strong efforts
of officials to keep the subject within
pacific bounds.' -
In au authoritative
titude of the British
quarter th al.
officials was., stated
"It was mutallr uud rslood be t, .
the two governments that the firit
essential in Samoa jras to maintain
peace and order. For that reason t
was determined that auy, lawlessmsS
on the part of Mataafa or .an v . .t!,. p
Samoan lenient, which IhivMiniid
the lives or property if rtsklem
would be suppressed even thousrli force
was required This was entirely with
out reference to the rigfits of the ihrn
governments Great Britain, the
United States and Germany -at d as
merely a rule of self preservation ai.d
police security. .
-Acting on this understand! ti1 Cap
tain Sturdee ofthe Porpoise tavp
notice some time ago that hi would
bombard tbe Mataafans if tiu re was
any outbreak or disorder. This-in'
cured quiet for a time, but a has
always been ready to use force if. jt--was
necessary. It. was not propoi d
to give Samoa over to a reign f
anarchy simply because the German
"consular official at Samoa diffnd
with the British and American otti
tj To Protect Life and Property.
w v-j" vi uuio uiuiua, it was
proposed to protect life and propec'tv
at all hazards. When Admiral Kauu
(not Kauntz) went to Samoa, h?
also had as his firsfc ! duty- -i
protect life and property and to main
tain order. It is evident that the
bloodshed has arisen out of this
united effort of American and British
commanders to protect the law-abiding
and peaceful elements against the
disorderly and rebellious subjects of
Mataafa. This is evidenced by Ma
taafa's action in hemming in the
town where the Americans and Brit
ish officials reside: also in thn nthirl-s
on the consulate, and in the general
lawlessness which ias prevailed sinc
Mataafa began his reign. In short.
accoraing 10 ine -view ot tnose best
acquainted with the subject, the Brit
ish and American case will rest upon
the paramount necessity of preserving
peace and order.
. . The German View,
it can be stated on very eninent
authority, is not likely to raise a direct
issue on the position thus laid down
by the British and American officials.
On the contrary, there is said to be a
disposition on the part of Germany to
hold Herr Rose acc6untable for "the
difficulties into which he has directed
his government. For a time he'was
sustained, with the natural desire to
protect him in the proper discharge of
his duties, but the German authorities
have not contemplated that he would'
carry the matter to an open rupture
and result in bloodshed. On tbat ac
count there is good reason to believe
that 'the German government will
not sustain Herr' Rose, and that
official information in that direc tion
has already been conveyed.
Sharp Diplomatic Exchanges.
The diplomatic exchanges leading
up to this crisis have been very sharp
within the last few days. Early last
week the Berlin government received
dirfict infnrmat.Jrtn from ftnmna that'
Admiral Kautz had arrived there and
had summoned a meeting of all the
officials for March 11. The German
authorities felt su.e thisjneeting would
result in-serious trouble. The Ger
man. Foreign Office therefore in
structed the German ambassador here,
Dr. Von Hollben, to present a. note
embodying Germany's views. . It
argued thatajnaval commander had no
.right to act save in executing the will
of the three Consuls, acting unani
mously, and not through a maioritv.
But ' aside from this argument, the
German note intimated quite plainly
that Germany would hold the other
governments responsible if serious
trouble resulted from the action of the
naval authorities in Samoa. - The
strained conditions caused by this note
were somewhat allayed by the answer
of the State Department, which was
friendly and reassuring, although it
made plain that the 'American naval
commander would act in an emer
gency; even though the consuls were
not unanimous in- requesting action.
It is just such an emergency that has
now occurred in Samoa.
. There is no apprehension here that
an ajtual clash will occur with the(
German civil or naval forcesin Samoa.
This is due mainly to the official under
standing that Germany has given
positive orders to the commander of
the German warship Falke to refrain
from any active move.
An Alliance of Tennessee Roads in Op
position to the Southern Railway.
By Telegraph to the Morning Star.
Knoxville, Tenn., March 29. The
reports from Atlanta that the Atlanta,
Knoxville and Northern railroad may
extend its road from Marietta into At
lanta may be supplemented by the
statement that a northern and eastern
outlet for this road is about to be
opened up in this city. The survey
for the completion of the Knoxville
and Bristol railroad is now being made.
The Bristol extension they hope to
complete within a year, and then the
connecting link between the Norfolk
and Western at Bristol, and the At
lanta, Knoxville aijd Northern in this
city will be formed.
It is stated by the Knoxville and
Bristol officials that they will form an
alliance with these roads and operate
in opposition to 'the Southern rail
way, which now controls this terri
tory. It is believed: here that these
roads are backing the Knoxville and
Bristol enterprises. ,
BEST OF A 1.1.
To cleanse the system in a gentle and
truly beneficial manner, when the
Springtime comes, use the true and per
fect remedy. Syrup of Figs.. Buy the
genuine. Manufactured by the Caro
lina Fig SyVup Co. only, and for sale
by all druggists, at 50 cents per bottle.
The Obvious Reply: "What
would you say," asked the fair theo
sophist, if I should tell you that I
was born in Egypt 3,000 years ago ?'
"Why," said the party addressed. "I
should certainly say you don't look
, - 1 , r