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IF ONE WHY HOT THE OTHER!
The Philippine question has been
so much and so ably discussed, that
there is nothing new to be said on it.
AU the arguments for and against
the far have been presented. But
it continues to bo discussed and will
continue until the policy of force
succeeds ;dr is abandoned. There
has of late been shown a disposition
by some of the leading Republicans,
to doprecato the war and virtually
apologize for it, but, ' sayx they, wo
arc in it and how are wo going to
.get out? There are few if any public
mmi who. discuss thi3 whole ques
tion as well and none more point
edly, forcibly or logically than Wm.
J. Bryan, who always says well
what he wants to say. Intho New
York Independent this week ho has
an article, brief but comprehensive,
in wnicn ne treats tne. question in
its different aspects and answers the
question, how are we to get out of
it He says:
"The Phillippine question is import
ant because fundamental principles
are involved in its discussion.
. "There are two sources of govern
meat force and consent. Monarchies
are founded upon force, republics
"Th9 Declaration of Independenca
asserts that governments derive their
just powers from the consent of the
governed, and this is the doctrine to
which we have adhered for more than
a century. It is the doctrine which has
distinguished us from,, European coun
tries, and has made our nation the hope
of h'lruvnjity. The j3tatue of Liberty
i.i iNew iqrfc narbor typifies the na
"If the doctrine set forth in the De
claration or Independence is sound,
how can we rightfully acquire sove-
.eignty over the Filipinos by a war of
conquest? If the doctrine set forth in
tne declaration or independence is
sound, .how can we rightfully pur
chase sovereignty from a Spmish
sovereignty whose title we disputed
in Cuba and whose rebellion subjects
we armed in tne irnuippines?
"In the resolution of interveulionCon
gress declared tnat tne Uujbans were
aud of right ought to be free. Why?
Because governments derive their
just powers from the consent of the
governed, and Spaiu had refused to
- respect the wishes of the Cubans. If
tne Cubans were and of right ought to
be free, why not the H lhpinos?
"In the beginning of the Spanish
war Congress denied that our nation
Jnd any thought of extending its ter
ritory by war. -If we then had no
thought of securing by conquest new
territory in the Western Hemisphere,
why should we now think of securing
in the Eastern Hemisphere new races
for subjugation? -
"An individual may live a double
life when only one life is known.
w hen both Jives are Known he can
lead only one life, and that the worst.
A republic cannot enter upon a colonial
policy. it cannot advocate govern
ment by consent at home and govern
ment by force abroad The Declara
tion of Independence will lose its
value when" we proclaim the doctrine
familiar in Europe, but detestable
here, that governments are round in
shape, about 13 inches in diameter and
lired out of cannon.
"For more than a century this na
tion has been travelling along the
pathway which leads from the low do
main of might to the lofty realm of
right, and its history has been with
out parallel in the annals of recorded
time. What will be our fate if we
turn backward and begin the descent
toward forced conquest?
"It is not sufficient to say that the
forcible annexation of the Philippine
islands is a benevolent undertaking
entered upon for the good of the Fili
pinos. Lincoln pointed out that this
has always been the argument of
kings. To use his words: 'They al
ways bestrode the necks of the people,
not that they wanted to do it. but be
cause the people were better off for
"It is surprising that any believer
in self-government should favor forci-
. Die annexation, but still more surpris
ing how any onewho believes in the
Christian religion should favor the
sut)3titution of -force for reason in the
extension of our nation's influence.
. "If we adopt the gunpowder gospel
in the Philippines, how long will it
oe oetore that principle will be trans
planted in American soil? .
"So Inn o- na niir nro-iimpnts am nd-
4essed to the reason and the heart
our progress is sure, but can we with
out danger to Christianity resort to
the ancient plan of injecting religion
- wo tne bodv through bullet holes.
' "The rmpst.inn in frAmiftnt.lv asked.
What can we do ? Nearly two months
elapsed between the signing of the
tfeaty and the beginning of hostilities
jn the Philippines. During that time
the President and Congress might
nave given to the Filipinos the same
assurance of independence that was
-. Kiven to the Cubans. Such?assurance
would have prevented bloodshed. If
the doctrine of self government is
sound, the Filipinos are entitled to
govern themselves, and the President
can now promise them independence
M soon as a stable government an be
"If the President is not willing to
l&ice the rpannncihilHir nf ofsi,;.. Va
uoctrme set forth in the Declaration of
independence he can call Congress to-
f-"1" a lei ii taite the responsibil
A. special session Would be less
"PQsive than the war, not to speak
or the principles involved.
Tmkr. n,at"n , protecting the re-
' r"u oi oouin America from out
ward interference whiln thav -am
their destiny,.' We can extnnri tha
same doctrine to the Philippines, and
having rescued the inhabitants from a
foreign yoke, we can guard them
from molestation while they develop
a republic in the Orient. They will
be pur friends instead of our enemies1 J
we can send school teachers to Manila
instead of soldiers, and the world will
know that there is a reality in the
theory of government promulgated at
iuuepenuence tiaii and defended by the
blood of the revolutionary fathers."
There is not the slightest doubt
that if the Washington Administra
tion had foreseen the, outcome of
that $20,000,000 deal it would never
have been made. "Wowere- lured
into that entanglement by trickery
and the grasping spirit, under false
pretence. Having got in, the way
to get out is not by backing out
no self-respecting American wants
to see, that but bv dealing hon-
estly and candidly -with the Ameri
can people and with the Filipinos.
If it be not the intention of the ad
vocates of expansion to take posses
sion of those islands by force, when
peaceable possession is denied, to
hold and control them for our own
benefit, why not say 'so candidly
and plainly? Such a declaraion
could not 'weaken us, but would
make us stronger, for it would unite
the American people while it would
make the so-called insurgents
weaker, for it would divide them.
If Mr. McKinley, in pursuance of
his wretched, policy of expansion by
force, and powder and ball assimila
tion, can carry on war against a peo
ple on the other side of the globe
without any declaration by Congress
theli be can tell the world candidly
and honestly why we have an army
in the Philippines, what it is there
for and how long it is to be kept
there. If it is not the intention to
keep it there with the view to forci
bly planting our flag over these peo
ple, why can't the administration
which has already done so much on
its own responsibility say so?
If Mr. McKinley hesitates to say
so why can't he, as Mr. Bryan sug
gests, call, on Congress to. meet
earlier than usual, lay the matter
before it and let it, as representa
tive of the people, relieve him from
his embarrassment, and anthori-
tatively declare what the purpose of
this (xovernment is? To lie con
sistent Congress would be compelled
to make substantially the same dec
laration for the Philippines that it
made for Cuba. While there might
be some there who might be dis
posed to question or doubt the sin
cerity of that declaration, as there
are in Cuba, they would be few in
comparison with' those who would,
a3 there are in Cuba. Trusting in
that declaration we have found little
trouble in controlling the Cubans
and in preserving order in Cuba,
and it would be the same way in the
It is either that or brute force, in
volving the expenditure of many
millions of dollars and the sacrifice
of many lives, tn an unnecessary and
indefensible war, and that is better
than brute force, for there is more
common sense, more humanity and
more statesmanship it. r. Honesty is
not only the best policy in this case,
but it is the only policy.
WHOOPING UP FOR THE GOLD
The Republican State Convention
of Iowa, which met a few days ago,
reaffirmed the following from its
platforik of last year:
"Thel monetary standard of this
country, and of the commercial world
is gold. 'The permanence of this stand
ard must be assured by Congressional
legislation, giving to it the validity
and vitality of public law. All other
money must be Kept at a parity wiin
This means that the builders of
that platform are not satisfied with
practical recognition of the single
gold standard by the U. S. Treasury
but insist on legislation which shall
declare unequivocally for the gold
dollar, and "outlaw," as some of the
gold standard papers express it, the
silver dollar. It followed up this
declaration with .the following:
And we urgently call upon our
Senators and Representatives in Con
gress to lend their best endeavors to
enact these propositions into law."
Senator Allison is chairman of the
Senate Finance committee. General
Henderson will be Speaker of the
House and this is virtually an
order given to them to fall into line
and do all they can to make gold the
only legal, real money of this conn
try. Senator Allison, while a gold
man, Ha3 not been in favor of com
mitting the country by positive
legislation so the single gold stan
dard. because he does not think it
politically expedient to do that. We
do not know just where General
Henderson stands on that question,'
but as he has had the habit of chang
ing his views according to circum
stances or contingencies, his posi
tion will probably be influenced by
the conditions as they present them
- But this declaration by the con
vention may bo taken as a notice
served upon them that they are ex
pected to get in line and hustle for
gold as the only true and lawful
legal tender money of this country.
As the gold men control the Re-
- .: .
A - .-. : ' : '
publican party this delaration will
doubtless be echoed by other Re
publican State conventions.
A GOOD MOVEMENT.
Some of the railroad companies
in Europe haye adopted systems of
life and accident insurance for their
employes, and also pensions for
those who have been long in the
service, but there has been little if
any' of that done by the railroad
companies in this country. But the
Pennsylvania system, one of the
greatest and best managed in this
country, is leading in the pension
ing movement, to which the At-
anta Journal refers as follows:
"The authorities of the Pennsvl-
vania railroad have been considering
this question for several years past
and have finally determined to create
u pension and superannuation fund
for tho bsnefit of their employes. It
is understood that 70 years of age has
been fixed as the age for compulsory
retirement, and that employes who
have been thirty years in the service,
but who have not attained that age.
will bo entitled to the benefit of that
fund upon the report of the commit
tee which shall have the administration
of its affairs The pension allowance
will be based upon length of service.
It is estimated that it will
require a payment by the company
of tfbttot $300000jper annum to make
the fund effective. The preliminary
arrangements are now being made, so
that at the meeting in the fall definite
action may be taken by the board of
directors and the fund put into opera
"The movement will not interfere
in any way with the relief fund which
the employes have long maintained
for mutual benefit; it will not provide
an additional source of relief in time
of misfortune and another safeguard
against want in old age.
The proposition of the company
to establish a'pension and superannu
ation fund is received with great favor
by the employes of the railroad and
if it works as well - as its promoters
expect it will doubtless lead to the es
tablishment of similiar fund by other
large employes of labor."
Whether the authorities of this
road be inspired by philanthropy or
by business, this movement is good
business, because it draws the men
in the employment of tne company
closer to it, makes them better con
tented and more desirous of remain
ing 'with it, thus ensuring cheerful
and efficient service. Men always
work more cheerfully for employers
who show an interest in them and
some appreciation of their services.
It would be to some extent, too,
a solver of the wage question and a
preventer of strikes, for men will
not for trifling causes turn against
an employer who takes care of them
when incapacitated by age or sick
ness for work. This is one of the
ways to draw employers and em
ployed together by mutual interest
and it should be the rule where
practicable instead of the exception.
A fearful warning to wives who
insist on giving their husbands, who
come home too early in the morning,
"a piece of their mind," comes from
New York, where a woman wa3 re
cently brought to a hospital with a
dislocated jaw, the result of too
rapid motion in the endeavor to say
all she thought at once. Perform
ances of this kind should always be
executed deliberately to guard against
Senator Thurston, of Nebraska
agreea with Senator Burrows, of
Michigan, and a good manv other
sensible people, that the Administra
tion blundered when it didn't con
tent itself with a base of supplies in
Luzon, and avoid that $20,000,000
The meanest policeman in New
York has been assigned to duty in
Sing Sing prison for four years and
a half for showing too much ac
tivity. He nleaded guilty to rob-
bing the body of a dead man, which
he was taking in an ambulance to a
A Tennessee paper boasts ol a
subscriber who stands six feet and
seven inches in height, and weighs
over 1,000 pounds, which is proof
that Tennessee ha3 sotne pretty tall
and hefty citizens, or some tall and
Mr. Waldorf Aptor feels better
now. He has eased to be an
American, and is a full-fledged
subject of Queen Vic. But he
hores the Prince of Wales all the
The present Minister of Railways
in Russia worked his way up from
mechanic in a locomotive works in
England, where he went to learn the
trade of machinist.
When the Trans-Siberian railway
is completed the run around the
world can be made in 33 days. It
will nostnone our go 'round until
" x- X
then. ! '
There are 40,000 pupils in the
public schools of Japan. Schooling
is compulsory in that country.
ADVICE TO FARMERS.
Mr. W. M. Howard, of Alabama, ad
vises every ginner to change his box
to 24x54 standard.
"Before I began ginning last season
I changed -my press to 24x54, and my
with it is cood. and the ex
pense is not more than $1.50. It makes
orirl smooth a bale as can be
-onirai T advise every ginner to
change his box to 24x54 standard." .
WILMINGTON, N. C, FRIDAY, AUGUST 11, 1899.
GARDEN ON , WHEELS.
Pour Car S. A. L. Paint Train Cov
ered With Vines and Pilled With
Potted Plants. I
A Seaboard Air Lina painter's train
of five cars arrived here yesterday
morning, with Mr. J. W. Elliott, gen
eral foreman of the paint department,
in charge They come to re-paint the
S. A. L. passenger depot, the freight
depot, and do considerable work on
the S. A. L. building on Front street.
They will be here several weeks.
Mr. Elliott has four of his cars, or
dinary shanty cars, transformed into
veritable flower gardens on wheels.
He has boxes fastened an the outside
of the cars, in which vines are grow
ing and trailing along the sides of the
cars, forming a beautiful -network of
green. On top of the cars, arranged
in a very unique manner, are pots
of luxurious foliage and blooming
On the interior of these cars there is
also a profusion of potted plants. The
interior of the car occupied by Mr.
lunott tor oince and living purposes
has many especially rare! plants, ar
ranged with especial taste, j ;;
These cars have been thus adorned
with plants and vines all the season,
and have travelled throughout the
entire S. A. L. system. . They are now
side-tracked at the . Af 1m passenger
depot, where they attract a good deal
of attention and are much admired
by many people. j
ALL THE SUGAR ON ONE SIDE.
Mr. R. Collier, of Georgia, thinks
the round bale wants ail the sugar on
its side: '
'I am fully in favor of adopting the
24x51 inch square bale as ; the stand
ard. I have been besieged Tor the last
few months with circulars and litera
ture from different parts of the country
on the cylinder or round compressed
bale. They seem to want all the sugar
on their side of contract. I think it
impracticable and impossible for them
even to get the farmers and ginners to
adopt or even consider the adoption of
the round bale, especially in this, the
upper part of Georgia. There are no
ginners up here who can afford to fur
nish the land, house, . gin and power,
and pay a syndicate of $500, or $1,000
for their complicated press, and then
pay them a royalty of 50 cents on the
bale and suffer themselves to be bound
up in writing to put up the bales not
to vary more than 5 per cent., from a
uniform size, and take out at least two
samples of cotton, and send to head
quarters, etc. .
"There is nothing in raising or gin
ning cotton at the prices that cotton
has been bringing for the last few
years. So we will quit the business of
ginning before we will be forced to
adopt such a system as that"
In Pull Blast at Red Sprints Many Peo
pie Present Good Lectures.
Special Star Telegram.'
Red Springs, N. C, August 3. The
Farmers' Institute is in full blast.
About 1,000 people are in attendance.
There will be one more day of instruc
tion oh' scientific farming and stock-
raising. People from the adjoining
counties and South Carolina throng
the town, There were good lectures
to day, by Massey on forage crops and
stock-raising and on floriculture, by
Kilgore on cotton and its products.
By Prof. Holmes on forestry and pub
lic roads building, and interesting dis
cussions on various topics, the insti
tute, the town and its noble institu
tions. The town's rapid growth and
fine mineral water are highly praised
by the speakers.
Dr. Wertenbaker Quarantined.
A Newport News special in the Rich
mond Dispatch of Thursday says:
Surgeon C. P. Wertenbaker. who
was sent here by the Washington au
thorities for the purpose of handling
A 1 A a A 1 ' A 1 .
me train service at mis city, naa to re
port to ur. White, in .Hampton, on
his arrival last night and now he will
have to remain outside of the lines,
He tried to get in to-night but the
local quarantine chief would not per
mit him to enter, and are determined
to maintain their shotgun quarantine
An Old Wilmington Boy.
Fernandina, (Fla.) Mirror: "C. H
Leggett has been appointed agent for
G. S. Baxter & Co., in Fernandina and
Brunswick. . This extensive hrm
could have made no better appoint
ment than Mr. Leggett who has had
vast experience in that particular busi
ness and whose business ability and
integrity has been long recognized by
those who know him. Mr. leggett
has lived in Fernandina for the past
seventeen years and during that time
made a host of friends who are pleased
to note his promotion."
Mr. R. M. Lee. of 'Alabama, thinks
all farmers and ginners will, be in line:
'I have thought for a long while
that we were in need of a uniform
bale. I heartily endorse the 24x54
bale, and think it will only be a short
while before all farmers and ginners
will be in line. Space in storage and
shipment is quite an item."
The local naval stores market
was marked during the past week by
steady advance in spirits turpen
tine. Opening at 38i40 cents at the
first of the week, it steadily, advanced
to 441 45 cents, the last quotations by
the Produce Exchance.
Mr. I. B. Rhodes yesterday
shipped by Express to Sheriff F. W.
Hargeti, of Jacksonville, Onslow
'county, a very fine calf, three months
old, which weighed 238 pounds.
Sheriff Hareett purchased the calf
on a recent visit to Wilmington.
- Only one marriage license was
issued by the Register of Deeds during
the past week. The parties to whom
it was granted were colored.
A NEW POSTMASTER.
Miss Mary C. Darby Appointed
Yesterday to Succeed Wil
liam H. Chadbourn.
NEWS RECEIVED LAST NIGHT.
Those Conversant With Situation Say Gov
ernor Russell Had the Naming of Ap
pointee and Used His Influence
for the Choice.
Miss Mary C. Darby has been ap
pointed postmaster for the Wilming
ton postoffice. vice Wm. B. Chad-
Such was the news that came in a
private telegram from Washington
last night at 9 o'clock and there can
be no doubt as tf the correctness of
th statement, for upon confronting
.local Republicans fully conversant
with thafoostoffice squabble which has
been? o for several weeks, they Were
free last night to open heretofore
sealed lips and corroborate the story
The Associated Press in further
conurmauon oi me special telegram,
sent out the following brief dispatch
f 1? . Si T A 1
"Washington, D. C. August 4.
The President to-day appointed Miss
Mary C. Darby, postmaster at Wil
mington, N. C."
Miss Darby's appointment is said to
be largely due to the influence of
Governor Russell, to whom the
matter cf choosing a successor to
Postmaster Chadbourn was referred
immediately after his resignation fif
teen days ago. The" Governor's family
and that of Miss Darby have been
very intimate for a number of years
and this is not the first instance in
which Miss Darby has been the re
cipient of the beneficence of Oo ernor
The appointment did not come in
the shape of a surprise to many Wil
mington people, for those "on the
inside" were free to make the state
ment that her appointment was
certain. The report became cur
rent last Saturday that sho was in
truth the appointee and woald for
mally take charge of the office in a
very short time. A Star reporter
called upon Miss Darby ajonce and
on Sunday morning announced her
statement without, by request, giving
the name, to the eaect that there was
no truth in the rumor, as indeed there
was not at that time. The public was
not slow, however, in discerning the
inference and. it has for several days
been the general belief that she would
be the appointee.
Miss Darby has filled with credit for
about nine years the important posi
tion of money order clerk in the Wil
Postmaster Chadbourn's Resignation,
The causes which led up to the res
ignation of Postmaster Chadbourn are
well know to Star readers. State
Chairman A. E. Holton, Governor
Russell and other Republicans of
more or less importance have been
after his official scalp since the mem
orable State campaign of last year,
when Mr. Chadbourn addressfi&.an
open letter to senator mtchard out
lining the terrible conditions existent
in Eastern North Carolina under the
Rep-Pop regime and advising that no
Republican city and county ticket be
put into the field antagonizing that of
It was upon the occasion of- the
change of the Wilmington postoffice'
from second to first class that his ene
mies in the Republican camp detected
some alleged irregularities in the
methods employed by Mr. Chadbourn
in increasing the revenue of the office
to that amount which would ensure
its advancement to a first class posi
Postoffice Inspector Jeremiah Con
nelly made several visits to Wilming
ton to investigate the reports of viola
tions of the regulations with reference
to the solicitation of the sale of post
age stamps and other charges of more
or less gravity, claimed by Mr. Chad
bourn's friends to be only slight tech
nicalities. This investigation was
made in June and early in July, and
upon the return of the inspector to
Washington there became afloat all
kinds of rumors about resignation,
etc.. which haye now culminated in
the appointment of Miss Darby.
No official announcement has yet
been made to Miss Darby of her ap
pointment It is not known when she
will assume control of the office, but
it is expected that it will be very soon
NEW PUBLIC SCHOOL BUILDING.
Manning Preparing Plans for New
One Near Castle Hayne.
Capt Ed. Wilson Manning, County
superintendent of Public Schools, is
preparing plans and specifications for a
new school building for the white race
in the school district of Cape Fear
township, embracing the territory
around Castle Hayne. At present
there is but one school house in the
district and this is for the colored race.
The exact location for the building
will probably be settled by Capt. Man
ning to-day, but it has already been
decided to build at some suitable place
on the "Holley Shel ter' V road, near
The specifications for the building
indicate that it will be a handsome and
well built structure with amplS room
and ventilation. . It will be painted
inside and on the exterior.
The Philadelphia Ledger remarks
that "the people who were ready to
lynch Dreyfus are now about ready,
to lynch the other fellows." That's
CLARKTON'S TOBACCO BREAK
Good Prices Obtained at Opening Sales.
A Million Pounds to be Marketed
' Star Correspondence.'
Clarkton, N. C. August 3, '99.
Your correspondent learns that the
new tobacco market at i Clarkton on
July 27th, was a decided success. The
services of Mr. J. H. Carter, an expe
rienced and successful tobacconist, of
South Boston, Va., have been secured
as manager of the new warehouse for
this season, which fact assures the
farmers of this section that no efforts
will be spared to market their tobacco
at the very highest possible prices.
There are several well known buyers
who attend each sale which gives the
advantage to the farmers that lively
competition always insures.
Mr. Carter says that he expects to
sell at least one million pounds of
tobacco during the season, which will
circulate at least $75,000 4n this section
from the tobacco sales alone. This
will infuse new life into business and
will also greatly advance the already
prosperous farmers of this community.
Many of the tobacco men who have
visited this market say that undoubt
edly Clarkton. from its location and
other superior advantages, will be one
of the largest markets in North Caro
lina for the sale of fine leaf.
The first day's opening sales amount
ed to 15,000 pounds at a igood average
price. Of course prices : will be much
higher later, as only the lowest grades
are sold during the opening sales.
There have been good lively sales
every day since the opening day. The
buyers say that the leaf produced in
this section is of a very superior
quality. They also state that the
tobacco marketed here during the past
few days is of the best color and grade
they have ever seen anywhere from
the first sales of , he season.
Mis Darby Received News of Her Appoint
ment ; From Washington Mr.
Struthers May be Assistant.
Miss Mary C. Darby, the new ap
pointee to the Wilmington postmaster-:
ship, received official notification of
her appointment to the position yes
terday morning together with a bond
in the sum of $50,000 which she is in
structed to execute and send to the
department as early as' possible.
From best information obtainable
yesterday it was learned that Miss
Darby would easily find surety among
her friends in the city to the amount
required and that it is very probable
that Postmaster Chadbourn will re
tire as early as to-morrow week and
Miss Darby immediately: assume con
trol of the affairs of the office.
The postmastersbip under a second
class rating has been paying Po3tmas
ter Chadbourne $2,900 per annum, but
beginning August 1, the office was ad
vanced to first class and so long as the
receiots will justify the same it will
remain first class with the salary of
the postmaster $3,000 par year only
$100 more than under the second rat
ing, f !
Local Republicans do not appear
jubilant over the appointment. While
they do not base their i objections to
Miss Darby personally, there appears
to be an undercurrent of sentiment
favoring the appointment of men only
to positions of this character. They
easily concede her competency but it
is obvious that they want the office as
a reward for some political service
during the campaign, j
Miss Darby says she has nothing to
say yet as to whom she will name for
Assistant Postmaster, bu tit isgeneraly
believed that Mr. Wm. Struthers
will be the appointee. Mr. Wallace,
the present incumbent, j will succeed
Mr. F. B. Rice at the Custom House
about September 1st, if the latter de
cides to accept permanently the hull
inspectorship for the Charleston dis
trict, a contest over which be has just
ended wiih Capt Gannon.
Who will be the new money order
clerk is as yet a matter of speculation.
ARRESTED P0R LARCENY.
Becky Claridy, Colored, Charged With
Stealing $6 From a White Man.
C. S. Riggs, an East Wilmington
man, last night at police headquarters
preferred charges of larceny against
Becky Claridy, a well known colored
habitue of Racket Store alley.
The prosecutor says that about 11
o'clock last night the woman asked
him to change some money for her,
which he was doing by the light of
the oil lamp in the alley, when a
crowd came up and the Claridy woman
snatched the money he had in his
hand, amounting to about six dollars
in silver coin, and ran off with it
Officer J. M. King was called upon
and the woman was found and carried
to the city prison. In the hat which
she was wearing when locked up an
amount of money was found, which
corresponds with that lost by Riggs.
The case will be investigated by
Mayor Waddell to-morrow morning.
' "BEFORE BABY IS BORN."
A Valuable Little Book of Interest
to All Women Sent Free.
Every woman looks forward with feel
ings of joy indescribable to the
one great event in her life, com
pared with which all others pale into in
significance. How proud she will feel
when her babe nestles on her breast
how sweet the name of "Mother !" And
yet, her anticipation of this event is
clouded with dread of the pain and dan-
fer of the ordeal, bo that it is impossi
le to avoid the feeling of foreboding
which creeps over her; The danger
and suffering attendant upon being a
mother can De entirely prevented, so
that the coming, of the little strangei
need not be looked forward to with fear.
Every woman who reads this, can obtain
free a valuable little book entitled "Be
fore Baby is Born," by sending her ad
dress to the Bradfield Regulator Go.
Atlanta, Ga. This book contains price
less information for all women, and no
one should fail to send for it.
Dougald A. Lamont.
News was received in the city yes
terday of the death of Mr. Dougald A.
Lamont, an old Wilmington resident
who has spent his declining years near
Marlville, in Bladen county. His death
occurred Friday night, of dropsy, at
bis home, near Marlville. He was 88
years of age, and will be buried at the
family burying ground to4ayT
About thirty years ago he was in the
mercantile business here, and is well
remembered l)y the older residents He
leaves a wife, who has the sympathy
of friends in the loss she has suffered.
Governor has Sold His Residence.
Herbert McClammy, Esq., as at
torney, yesterday consummated the
sale of Governor Russell's residence'
property on Second between Dock and
Orange streets. The negotiations have
been in progress for several weeks,
so it is learned, but not until yesterday
was the trade ; made. Mr. Forney J.
Gooding, foreman of the Hilton Lum
ber Company's plant, is the purchaser.
The formal transfer will be made in a
few days. j
SCHEME TO MAKE MONEY.
Migs Jewett, of Boston, and the Family of
the Negro Postmaster Lynched Some
Time Ago In South Carolina.
By Telegraph to the Morning Star.
Charleston, S.C., August5. Lil
lian Clayton Jewett, the Boston girl
who recently created a sensation
among the negroes of that city, by de
claring that she would come to Char
leston and take back North with her
the family of the late Frazier B. Baker,
who was lynched at Lake City, a. C,
in loa, with & view to beginning an
agitation against mob law, has
carried out her design. Miss Jew
ett arrived here Friday inorniug, ac
companied by her mother and a young
man named k. Uv mrsen, who is a
Boston journalist. She had frequent
conferences with the Haker woman
and her friends, and as a result she
left her for Boston this afternoon, ac
companied by the entire Baker family.
The mother and five children.
Miss Jewett said her plans for the
future were not yet formulated but she
proposed to hold mass meetings
throughout the North to arpuse
popular sentiment against lynch
ing and mob law generally. She
did not regard her movement as
an issue between the races, but was
advocating the cause of humanity.
irrespective of color or condition. She
said she was educated in Virginia and
had some knowledge of the Southern
people, and she was well aware that
the better elements in the South
joined heart and soul with the better
element in the North in demanding a
halt in the commission of the outrages
that recently have shocked the world
She said that since her Boston address
was made she had received many
threatening letters from the South
but to these she paid no heed, know
ing that they they did not come from
a source worthy of serious considers
Miss Jewett paid for the tickets
of the Baker family from here to
Boston, and she also bought a number
11 i! l 1 A V . . m ii
oi small articles oi cioming lor me
woman and b er children.
The Rev. J. L. Dart, a colored min
ister of this city, who has recently
spent some time in Boston, returned to
the city to day and opposed violently
the removal of the Bakers from
Charleston. He declared that Miss
Jewett did not represent the better
class of white or colored- people in
Boston. He says she and those who
stand with her merely want to get con
trol of the Bakers to make notoriety
and money far themselves.
City Council Threaten Impeachment Un
less He Resigns by Monday Next.
By Telegraph to the Mernlng Star.
Atlanta, August 5.' On a vote of
seventeen to three the resignation of
Mayor Jas. G. Woodward, of this city,
was asked for at a secret caucus of the
city council and board of aldermen
held this afternoon.
Mayor Woodward was charged-with
drunkenness several weeks ago when
impeachment proceedings were threat
ened. At that time the mayor prom
ised to reform, but it is now charged
that he has broken faith' with the city
council. According to the resolution
the resignation must be in by Monday
morning, and upon failure it is prob
able impeachment proceedings will be
At the caucus it was intimated by
Councilman Parks that persons who
wanted certain measures passed, to
which it was known Mr. Woodward
was opposed, were behind his conduct.
DEWEY AT NAPLES.
The Admiral in Uood Health Will Re
main Eight or Ten Days.
Br Cable to the Horning Star.
Naples, Aug. 5. Admiral Dewey,.
who arrived here to-day from Trieste
on board the United States cruiser
Olympia, was visited by Mr. Lewis
M. Iddings, secretary of -4he United
States embassy at Rome; Mr. Richard
C. Parsons, second secretary or tne
embassy; Mr. Hector de Castro, United
States consul general here, and the
vice consul, Mr. Chas. M. Wood. The
admiral commanding this station, the
commander of the garrison and the
prefect also visited Admiral Dewey on
the Olympia to-day,-and the American
admiral subsequently returned their
visits. Forty American tourists after
wards visited the Olvmnia.
Admiral Dewey and the crew of the
Olvmoia are all in good health. It is
L said the cruiser will only remain here
eight or ten days.
FIRST BALE OF NEW COTTON.
Shipped to Charleston From Barnwell
County, S. C, by Col. L. W. Youmaas,
By Telegraph to the Morning Star. .
Charleston, S. C, August 5.
Colonel L. W, Youmans, a prominent
farmer of Fairfax, Barnwell county,
shinned to Charleston to day the first
bale of this season's cotton crop yet
sent to market
The Defender metjthe Vigilant yes
terday for the first time since the trial
races, four years ago, and not only
showed her superiority again, but gave
her the worst beating in the history of
these two cup-defenders, namely 17
minutes and 4 seconds.
That you can sell your cotton any
where, provided it is put up in square -bales.
It represents so much money,
and is a commercial package recog
nized the world over.
. That the owners of the round bale
patents alone create the market -for
such packages. Which system gives
you the quickest results?
That the round bale is sold in Liver
pool at prices less than the square bale. .
Does it seem reasonable to think that
a trust stands this loss, or is it not the
That cotton put up iu round bales
does not bring more money to the pro
ducer than staple baled in square pack-vv
ages. The forty-five cents differential
advertised by the trust is a snare. They
offer forty-five cents more for round
than "their limits" for square cotton,
but they don't say what their "limits''
for square kotton are.
That the round bale is a trust Read
the contract they offer to the ginner.
That U. S. Senator 8. D. McEnery
says that the fostering of the cylindri
cal bale means the fostering of the big
gest trust ever conceived by man.
That the Introduction of round bale
presses means the establishment not
only of a cotton trust but a seed trust
an oil trust, a ginning trust, and the
utter annihilation of every small gin
ner in the cotton belt
That if you put in a round bale .
press at a plant having a capacity of
three thousand bales, you will pay '
three thousand dollars a year to the
trast for a machine actually worth
about $500 and even then the trust
owns the machine.
That the standard 24x51 bale will .
net the farmer $2.32 more than a
round bale. For verification see E.P.
Cathron's letter and calculations. -
That it will interest any one "de
pendent upon the cotton trade to read
how and by whom the cotton trust
That C. M. Keys was a ginner just -
like yourself. He tells how he was
victimized by the round bale trust.
That the stflndardisinc nf thft oin
oxes in the cotton belt means a sav'
ing through reduction in cost of hand
ling and ocean and railroad freight
rates of many millions annually to the
lhat from the standpointf stowing
the standard 24x54 bale is 60 per cent
superior to the irregular shaped bales
uow oeing turned out.
That an increase in carrying capacity
made possible by the improvement in
(he package, means that the railroad
rates will be reduced. It means that
cars can be loaded to their fullest
That equal densities considered the
maritime associations pronounce in
favor of the square bale as against the
That the cotton exchanges of the
country, the ginners and the steamship
agents unanimously indorse the Stan
dardizing of the cotton bale to 24x54
That a sq uare bale can be screwed in a
ship's hold. This cannot be done with
That a square bale will not disin
tegrate in case of damage in a ship's
hold. It is bound with iron ties.
That under similar conditions a
round bale will disintegrate. It has
nothing but light covering to hold it
That a cargo of square bales will not
shift in a ship's hold in the event of
That a cargo of round bales, not
being screwed in a ship's hold, will
shift in the event of heavy weather.
That a round bale has only a thin
covering material to hold it intact A
square bale ! is bound with iron ties.
Around bale will unroll in case of
fire. A square bale cannot unroll.
.That this objection of unrolling in
case of fire makes it difficult to dis
charge a roundlap bale from a ship's
That the thin wires which are al
leged to hold a Lowry bale are easily
burned through in case of fire. The
Lowry bale will then become elongated
like an uncoiled spring. It is as hard
to discharge an elongated Lowry
bale from a ship's hold as it is
to discharge an unrolled roundlap
bale in case of fire.
That the difficulty of sampling a
round bale operates against the
chance of making spot' sales of such
That foreign spinners are dissatisfied
with their experience with the round
That the round bales do not get
reduction in insurance rates. They
might claim to do so, but it is only a
claim. - ..
That in case of fire the space be
tween I round bales act as flues and
carry (he flames through press, ware
house lor ship's hold. The standard
bale admits of no air passages. They
stow closely one against the other.
The standard 24x54 bale will be ac
corded forty per cent reduction in
ocean freight rates over irregular bales.
This is another reason why you should
change your gin box to standard
That the round bale companies say
they will pay port prices at interior
points. Do not be fooled. They will
only give you a cold bloeded classifi
cation. If your cotton classes barely
middling they will grade it as low
middling and pay you for' it as such.
They will not pay you any premium
for extra staple or. for the quarter
That the one per cent claimed by
the trust in favor of the round bale is
claim set up by themselves alone.
No recognized authority, individual.
body or association has ever fixed the '
tare on a round bale package at one
That round bales average 250 pounds
in weight. Square bales average 500
pounds in weight It takes as much
time and as much labor to handle the
one package of half the weight as it
does the other with twice the weight
This means a difference in cost of
handling in favor of the square bale.
That subjecting damp cotton, just
picked from the field, to. the heavy
pressure necessary under the round
bale system, presses the oil from the
fibre, mats the lint and causes vege
That this decomposition of round
bales runs from twenty to one hun
dred pounds. It is just that much ; -cotton
That the round bale system does not
allow the cotton to dry out The very
opposite is true with the square bale.
That the round bale is purely an ex
hibition bale. Handle "with care"
and "no hooks" is the only way to
treat them. It cannot be treated as
an article of commerce but must be
handled as a work of art
That finally to allow the introduc
tion of a round bale press gin in your
plant means the ' revolutionizing of
your business, the risk of putting
yourself, wholly in the hands of a gi-4
gantic trust, the positive loss that you
will sustain for reasons shown herein
and the almost certainty of the trust
treating you just as.Keys and scores of -other
ginners have been treated after
they had been imposed upon by the ,
trust agents. m
Jim Nite, the only survivor of the
Dalton gang of outlaws, was con
victed at Henderson, Texas, of murder
in connection with the robbery of the
Long View Bank in 1894, and was
given a life sentence in tne peniten
I ' -