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THE TRUSTS AND THE PEOPLE
There is no question to-day in
which the American people, as a
whole, are as much concerned as
they are in the question of Trusts,
not simply because Trusts may con
trol the prices of products and the
prices of labor, but because there is
involved in them the future status
oftho American people, whether
they are to be the rulers of the
country as they once were and to
some extent are yet, at least nomi
nally, or to become the mere helots
of the men who operate Trusts, the
threatening, ruling aristocracy.
This question comes up with striking
force now, when we see the Trusts
combining into monster Trusts, con
trolled by a few men, and note the
drift towards this combination.
They are reaching out to control
all the leading industries and all the
great avenues of trade, the result of
which will be that a few men will
become absolute monarch s of the'
industries of the country.
With this centralizing system
which began some years ago and
has recently been making such
colossal strides in development we
have entered upon a new era which
bodes no good to the masses of the
people, but much evil; how much
will depend upon the people them
selves, whether they .realize the in
pending danger and unite to ward
it off or quietly submit until the
meshes are thrown around them
and they become powerless to re
sist. In a recent .number of The
Investor, a paper devoted to finan
ces, stocks &c, there is a thought
ful and striking article on the ten
dency of the times to consolidation
and the monopolizing of trade and
the industries in the bands of the
few. After discoursing at length on
the difference of conditions as thev
prevailed before the consolidation
era set in and now it says:
"Up to a comparatively short time
ago every person who started out in
life in this country expected to acquire
at least a competency before be died.
That was tupposed to be 1 he natural
result of years of painstaking effort.
But that time has gone by never to
return. The struggle for existence
has become intensified to such an ex
tent ia this country that lh mans of
thejieoplo recognize tbat if they am
keep soul and boay together it is all
they can ask. All this jis, of course,
easily explaiued on economic grounds.
When a country is now, and land is
cheap, and the demand for com modi
tiea and services largely exceeds the
supply, wealth lies scattered on every
side, like nuggets, waiting to be picked
up. The nuggets, however, have all
been pocketed by this time. In
'forty nine' anyone could take a pick
and shoyel in certain parts of Cali
fornia with a reasonable prospect of
acauirine a competency: but to-day a
large amount of capital is an indispen
sable necessity in cold mining. A
generation or so. ago any country
youth with a fair amount of brains
and muscla could start out in life with
the prospect of dying a rich man, but
that is not the case now.
"Wealth is now for the few. In the
past when a young man in this coun
try started on his business career he
found circumstances largely in his fa
vor: in the future he will find them
hostile to him. In the pastil required
a minimum of skin to attain a com
manding position in industrial affairs;
in the future it will require a maxi
mum of skill Hence the necessity for
' broad views. To succeed in business
in the twentieth century one has got to
possess something more than mere fa
miliarity with the routine of a certain
industry. The conditions against which
he will hud himself pitted are wt rid
wide, requiring for tbeir comprehen
sion an intellect cf a very high order
These are the days of "Nadoleons of
finance" and trade. The industries of
; the world ara rapidly becoming cen
Vrahzed in a few hands, and the ques
tion witjh every one of us U how to
number himself among the few. It
may be said incidentally that the
present state of affairs is the natural
outcome of the lack of broad thinking
in the past in connection with the in
dustrial situation. If the majority of
business men had hitherto possessed
broad minds, we should not have
reached th is pass so soon. In the
long run the question of trade suprem
cy is merely a question of the sur
vival of the fittest, but where the
many who compete , are governed by
imyuise ana the few by cold reason,
the end is bmi n H in nnm a miilrlv
Natural conditions have hitherto been
so favorable to hn
the United Stales that those who have
. wnauciea these enterprises have fail
ea to realize the necessity of scientific
Principles in business. The sudden
ness with which the country has pass
ed from ft nerinrl uViirh th. tnnorl.
edge of such principles was not essen-
tlal to Bllnrifeoo 4a -
1 - i.ua9 bVS U JIOUUU HUDUBUUU
Knowledge is indispensable hai taken
laKenthe breath away from most of
.if' Wltnout our really knowing what
the trouble is.
After showing how business has
-yoiuted, so to speak, from primi
- no meinoas,' wnen there was an
opening for every one and every one
VOL. XXXII.
with a reasonable amount of sense
and industry might succeed in estab
lishing himself and accumulating a
competence, and the conditions now
when colossal combination has be
come the order of the day, the arti
cle continues:
"What chance then will them h
for the average man? The average
man will perhaps do verv well in a
subordinate sphere, but if he aspires
to an independent noaition ha will
find that the odds against him have
been enormously increased. What
then! Will there be.no more xppor
tunity for one to rise from poverty to
great wealth and influence Such op
iwrtuuiues win venaimy exist, DUl It
will require far more brains and en
ergy to make use of them than were
required to attain corresponding re
sults in the past. Only a select few
will be in a position to compete for the
prizes of the future. Even in the most
despotic periods of the past shrewd
ness and Indomitable .pluck and
sometimes luck raised many a man
from the most obscure to the most
exalted rank, and even to the throne.
Similar instances will be witnessed in
trade and nuance, but they will be the
exception Toe industries of the Uni
ted States have in recent years beeu
drifting under the control of a few
men with fearful rapidity. These men
are bufmortal. like the rest of us, and
it is necessary for them to make provi
sion far the conduct of our material
affairs when they are gone. Conse
quently opportunities will from time
arise for the most highly endowed to
rise to wealth and influence. But the
opportunities will be so very few, com
pared with those of the past, that no
one short of a genius 'need anolv '
This is not an agreeable state of
affairs for us to contemplate, and most
of us systematically ignore the sub
ject. When we look back to our Pu
ritan ancestors it seems impossible that
such a situation as we have described
ever should be evolved. We never
dreamed that the time would ever
come when our economic, social,
and consequently moral, conditions
would be of a piece with those of the
effete nations of the Old World. We
will not admit the possibility: but get
there we will in time, and perhaps be
fore very long. Ia the order of devel
opment an aristocracy comes before a
proletariat. The race begins with a
condition of equality ; then a relatively
few begin to display superior strength
or intelligence, constituting an aris
tocracy; and eventually the masses
find themselves in pronounced antago
nisin to these few. and in the end sink
to a servile condition.
As yet, we have not done much
more than evolve an aristocracy. ' We
have, however, done this with a ven
geance. We have not emitted any
titles of nobility in this country, but
we have in reality a peerage which
puts that of the Old World completely
iu the shade. What Roman Emperor
could spend money with a more
lavish hand than some of our lords of
finance?. These people live in an en
tirely different world fi om the masses.
and the masses know it. We doubt if
there ever existed a nation in which
class hatreds were more bitter than
they are likely to be in this country,
a a result of the economic conditions
which we have evolved. The situation
here is bound to be aggravated by the
fact that the masses in this country
have beeu educated. In the Old World,
and in past ages, the masses were
s eeut-d in ignorance, and oppression
as a rule rendered them insensate.
Having, in this country, the capacity
to think, they ara quite as likely to be
driven into revolution a& into mere
acquiescence. .Now this is a contin
gency which should ever be kept in
mind. We have evolved our aristoc
rscy, but we have not yet evolved our
proletariat. The masses, however, are
alive to the danger that confronts
them, and they have not been slow in
taking .whatever precautions may
have suggested themselves to them.
Tneir most pronounced effort has
been in the direction- of labor or
ganizations; they have hoped in this
way to counteract the centralizing
t9udtncies of the employers of labor.
Wise economists tell us that all this
talk about the conflict of labor and cap
ital is nonsense, and tbatthe interests of
the two are identical. This sounds very
well, but so long as we find capital
and labor identified, in the concrete,
with fallible human beings, we may be
quite prepared to find the two flying at
each other's throats. The people who
control capital are impelled by the hu
man nature that is in them to make
that capital earn the last farthing.even
if it has to be wrung out of the hides of
the people who represent labor. And
the people who represent labor, by
reason of the same human nature, are
gointr to anolv to tbeir own use every
cent they can possibly extract from the
profits of their toil, even if by 60 doing
they prevent capital from getting its
fair share. Remember that conditions
in this world are not made by abstract
laws, but by concrete human nature.
This is not a very cheering picture
for the American people to con
template but that's what it is com
ing to if the present system of com
bining and monopolizing goes on.
This aristocracy all countries have,
in some legally recognized, in others
not. In our country we have it,
but it didn't presume to attempt
openly to rule. The proletariat
we have not had, but the self
a8serting aspiring to rule aristocracy
and the proletariat are both coming
unless the people assert themselves
before thev degenerate into the
proletariat. With an aristocracy
controlling the resources, tne in
dustries and the wealth on one side,
and the 'impoverished, dependent
multitude on the other, this Gov
ernment mav still be a Kepublic in
form but in form only.
"Ill fares tha land, to hastsning ills
a prey.
Where wealth accumulates and men
decay."
AN EMPIBE IN ITSELF
Texas was a great State, with re
sources of practically unlimited pos
sibilities, before these immense
deposits of petroleum were discover
ed. These add inestimably to her
importance and,put her at the front
in possible industrial achievement.
There is untold wealth in this oil
supply which oil experts pronounce
inexhaustible, for liquid fuel is rapid
ly taking the place of coal and
wood, and it is said that this fuel can
be furnished by the oil ' wells of
Texas, on account of their proximity
IEEE
to the Gulf harbors, and the facilities
'or the transportation, at a price that
would be equivalent to- coal at 35
cents a ton. On this assumption it
is safe to predict that an immense
trade will grow up in this oil.
which will, to a very large extent,
take the place of coal in the man
ufactories and on the steamboats
and ships of this and other countries
to which it can be economically
shipped.
Its only competitor will be the
Eussian wells which now supply the
demands for such fuel on the other
side of the Atlantic, but it is said
that it costs more to deliver the
Bussian oil on shipboard than it
will to deliver the Texas oil. But
whatever part the Bussian wells
may hold in this business, it is quite
evident that Texas has a bonanza
in her oil wells, one that will not
only add millions to her resources
romthe sale of oil, but one that
will lead to the establishment of
divers industries that will add mil-
ions more. But Texas has outside
of her oil unbounded possibilities,
some of which are briefly noted in
the following, which we clip from
he Chattanooga Times:
"It is given out by Texas statisti
cians, tbat the last cotton crop of the
state was 3,600,000 bales. Texas made
803,443 bales of cotton in 1880. or lass
than a fourth of her crop of 1900. The
south made 3,154,000 bales in 1870, or
about 450,000 bales less than Texas
produced thirty years later.
"If the Texas cotton crop increases
in the next two decades, at the same
rate it did in the last two. it will pro
duce 14,400,000 bales in 1920, or about
3,000,000 more than the largest crop
yet marketed.
"Meantime we should not forget
that Texas is not an all cotton state.
by any means. She is one of the
great lumber producers. She is
the greatest breeder of beef cat
tle; and is the second sheep and
wool producer. The State's corn crop
n 1900 was 120.000.000 bushels; the
wheat crop is 10,000,000 bushels and
rapidly increasing. Manufactures are
being developed rapidly.
"In a word. Texas is getting to the
front all along the line. Her educa
tional provisions are on a stupendous
scale. Her political condition gets
better as her wealth increases."
Texas is but one of the States of
the Sunny Southland, many of
which are richly although not so
richly endowed as she. In resources
she is the empire State, not only of
the South, but of the continent.
SENAT0B SIMMONS PRODS
H0LT0N-
When Solicitor Holton quashed
the proceedings against the indicted
registrars, reference to which we
have heretofore made, he posed as if
he was doing a gracious ana mag
nanimous act, in the interest of
peace and good feeling, but the fact
is he was simply doing the best thing
he could do under the circumstances
and what every one who had given
any thought to this matter - con
cluded, in the beginning, be would
be compelled to do, or go into court
and be whipped. In noting these
proceedings Senator Simmons in a
published statement in the Baleigh
News and Observer thus prods Hol
ton: "From the beginning of these prose
cutions I have felt sure the defendants
could not be convicted for it has been
clear to me that the statute under which
they were indicted had no application
and that these State officers were not
amenable to Federal indictment for
discharging a duty devolved upon
them by the laws of their State.
"In nol prosssing these indictments,
Mr. Holton has done what I have been
satisfied all along he would eventually
do, but I regret that he should seek to
use the Dower or his omce to gain a
his office to
petty partisan
string to the
advantage by tying a
order of dismissal and
threatening partisan
publishing a
statement. Of course he has no
thought of ever reinstating these
eases and bis threatening puouca
tion will not intimidate anyone, xet
in view of the fact that he claims his
action in dismissing these cases was in
part intended as a peace offering, it
does seem that ordinary good sense
would have restrained him from in
dUlging in statements and imputa
tions offensive and insulting' to those
whom he desired to propitiate,
"In his published statement (and I
sav published, because I am informed
it was neither spoken nor read in open
court) he says he acted "with the
understanding, etc" and then states
an understanding which would seem
to imply an admission that there had
been notification for these prosecu
tions. I do not know with he claims
to whom have had such an under
standing, but I do know that no one an
authorized to represent the organiza
tion of the Democratic party has had
this or anv other understanding with
him, nor do I believe the gentlemen
( Democrats ) who may have recom
mended to him the dismissal of these
cases have agreed to any conditions or
entered into any understanding that
would imply the guilt of the registrars
or impute wrong-doing to tne uemo
tratn nartv.
"Tr Mr. Holton for any reason did
not sne fit to trv these registrars, he
ahnnld not in his official statements,
even by inuendo, have attempted
to cast an imputation upon
them, for it was not the case
of a defendant who says, 'I am
imiltv' or .'I am unable to contend
with the Government and. therefore,
! throw mvself on its mercy,' but it was
the case of men i oacKea oy a great
- - , . i m.
nr.in.inal nartv and bv a legislative en
actment based on an abiding faith in
their blamelessness) stoutly protesting
thnir innocence.
"Tf Mr. Holton. in dismissing these
cases, desired or intended to do what
he considered a gracious thing, it is a
nitv that he should have done it so
lincrranioiislv.
"To Judt-e Bovd's statement there
can be no objection. It was dignified,
in goodtaste, and recognized the deli'
cate proprieties of tne situation.
I
After study and mature delibera
tion we have come to the conclusion
that Trusts are good things for the
fellows who run them.
WEEKLY
WILMINGTON, N. C, FRIDAY, APRIL 1 9, 1901.
NEWS FROM RALEIGH.
Clerk Martin's Defalcation Will
Not Exceed Twelve Thou
sand Dollars.
THE STATE PENITENTIARY.
Director Says It Will Be Absolutely
Necessary to Borrow Money for the
Institution Jos. H. McRee's
Appointment State Fair. '
i . m
Special Star Correspondence.
Raleigh, N. C, April 11. Hon.
Francis D. Winston said this morning
that the special legislative committee
of which he is chairman will not pre
sent their report of findings as - to
Clerk Martin's defalcations in the
State treasury to the Governor to day,
but that it will probably be forthcom
ing to morrow. He said they had not
finally estimated the shortage vet. but
intimated that it may not after all be
more than f 10,000 or $12,000, or it may
not quite reach the first named figure.
They have only examined the treasury
accounts witn tne mate's prison, but
they think it hardly possible for Mar
tin to have embezzled funds in his ao
counts with the other State institu
tions. A White blepnant
I was talking with one of the most
prominent members of the new State's
prison board of directors to-day, and
he told me that it will be absolutely
necessary for the institution to borrow
money very soon. The prison now,
he says, has very limited assets, the
crop of ground peas being the princi
pal asset from last year's crop now on
hand. Their investigation the past
few days has not thrown any liht
upon the situation which would im
prove the apparent condition of the
institution, which, the director says,
is a great big . white elephant on the
hands of the State.- The board will
not make any statement as to the con
dition of the prison for some weeks yet,
and then only through a completed
report to His Excellency Governor
Aycock. -
The Marks-Andrews Weddipg.
The Marks Andrews wedding and
reception in this city last night
proved to be one of the most brilliant
in the history of Baleigh society.
There were eight private cars of rail
road officials here, and there were
distinguished visitors from all parts
of the country. The value of the
wedding presents is estimated con
servatively at $20,000. Mr. and Mrs.
Marks left at 1 o clock this morning
on a special train for a tour of North
ern cities. Thev were accompanied
by quite a party of friends The train
consisted entirely of private cars.
Miss jane Andrews, the bride, is
an unusually ' affable and popular
young lady, and Mr. Marks, the for
tunate groom, is a prosperous cotton
broker of Montgomery, Ala.
October 21st to 26th has been se
lected as the; date for the 1901 State
Fair. General Cox, the president of
the North Carolina Agricultural So
ciety, says the Fair this year will be
on a larger scale than ever before.
Special Star Telegram.
The Superintendent of Public In
structiou forwarded Jos. H. McRee, of
Wilmington, N. C, the following let
ter to-day ;
The State Board of Education di
rects me to notify you of your election
as agent of swamp lands belonging to
the Board. I call your attention to
section 2524 of the Code."
The position to which Capt. McRee
is elected pays a thousand a year and
expenses, and requires only a portion
of his time. I
The Board of Directors of the State's
prison held another private session to
day and agreed upon officers to be
elected. It is not given out, but it is
understood that Hon. Ben Aycock, of
Goldsboro, will be made superintend
ent. A report upon the condition of
prison affairs is being prepared by Mr.
Nathan O'Berry, of the Board, and
may be presented to the Governor to
morrow. Raleigh, N. C. April 12. Gover
nor Aycock to-day commissioned
Charles C. Daniels, of Wilson, solici
tor for the Fourth district.
The Board nf Directors of the peni.
tentiary held a business meeting to
day, and abolished tne omce of gen
eral manager, held by F. B. Arendell;
also, that of stenographer, held by
Mrs. Col vert, and the positions of mail
carrier and clerk to the warden, Capt
J. M. Flemming, of Wake, is elected
Warden, vice W.W.Green, of Frank
lin; Dr J. R. Rogers, prison physi
cian, vice Dr. Henry McKee Tucker,
of Raleigh. Duties heretofore per
formed by the genernl mana
ger will be performed for
the present by E. L. Travis,
of Halifax, chairman of the board of
directors. No superintendent has yet
been elected. No statement is yet
made as to the condition of the prison
affairs.
Supposed Homocide In Nash.
A correspondent of the Stab at
Spring Hope, N. C, tells of a supposed
homocide in that county this week.
Sunday afternoon Joe Taylor, a crip
ple, at whose house near Spring Hope
a number of men were drinking, threw
stone which struck Thad Chambles,'
one of the crowd with whom he had
an altercation, just above the temple.
nhnmhles washed the blood from his
wound, was apparently not much in
jured and started home. When about a
quarter of a mile from Taylors home
he fell in the road unconscious. He
died Wednesday morning and the
coroner's jury is now investigating the
case.
The Strawberry Crop.
The effect of the continued cool
weather is to still further delay tne
strawberry crop to such an extent that
it is said to be provoking serious com
merit upon the part of the truckers.
nstnaAwaiivn o-rowers sav that the
season now can't possibly open before
the first of May. and it is likely that no
shipments of consequence can be made
even so early as that date.
MART,!irE!"N
(nunc in ah CArci'icu.
Shortage In the Penitentiary Acconnt $16,
832.61 Appointments by the Gov
ernor Other Matters.
Special Star Correspondence.
Baleigh, N. G, April 13. Gov.
Aycock, CoL P. M. Pearsall, private
secretary, and Hon. Francis D. Win
ston will go to Pinehurst this after
noon to spend Sunday, the guest of
Hon. Root N. Page, of Alabama
The hotel at Pinehurst and neigh
boring resorts will close for the Win
ter season about May 1st The past
season has been the most successful
ia the history of the iesorts. Several
car loads of people, who have been
spending the Winter there, passed
through Raleigh yesterday en route
to their Northern homes.
A special committee on the part of
the State Board of Education has de
cided to require bonds aggregating
$23,000 from bidders for the contract
to supply the text books to public
Echools, under the Aycock school
law. The sub commission reports very
good progress in their work of ex
amining the books offered by differ
ent publishers and say they will have
their report ready by April 23d.
Uapt. J.J. Bernard, of the Kaleich
Light Infantry, has received a letter
from the Wilson Light Infantry to
the effect that they will send a detach
ment May 10th to compete for the
prize for the best individual drill.
Grand Master M W. Jacobi. of
Wilmington, has been in the city for
the past two days conferring with
Grand Secretary Woodell with refer
ence to the report to be submitted to
the Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows
when it convenes at Ashe vi lie May 14.
Special Star Telegram.
Raleigh, N. 0., April 13. The leg
islative committee to examine the
State treasury accounts and ascertain
the shortage of Maj. Martin report the
exact shortage of the penitentiary
account $16,832.61., I was told yester
day by members of the committee that
it would not be over $12,000. They
had not then drawn a balance. The
committee will continue (heinvestiga
tion until the accounts of all institu
tions are examined. Martin says the
other accounts had been short, but he
made them up out of the penitentiary
account.
The Governor has appointed the fol
lowing gentlemen delegates to the 28th
national conference of Charities and
Corrections to be held in Washington
May 9th to 15th, inclusive: Dr. P. L.
Murphy, Morganton; Hon. Thos. G.
Skinner, Hertford; Bev J. B. Boone,
Thomas ville; Dr. J. F. Miller, Golds
boro; George W. Watts, Durham;
Hon. John E. Woodard, Wilson; Dr.
John R Woltz, Dobson; J. G. Siler,
Franklin; Parks Kilpatrick, Sandifer;
Dr. Charles Duffy, Newbern ; Capt. C.
B. Denson, Dr. James McKee, Ba
leigh.
PRESBYTERY AT CLINTON.
Interesting Notes of the Session and
of
the Work Accomplished.
I Special Star Correspondence.
Clinton, N. C, April 13 Wil
mington Presbytery has been in session
here since Wednesday, closing Friday
night. The opening sermon was
preached by the last moderator, Rev.
D. P. McGeachy. Rev. E. E. Lane, of
Wilmington, was elected moderator by
a unanimous vote. Much business of
importance was before the body and
was discussed enthusiastically. Re
ports were made by the committees on
Home and Foreign Missions, Educa
tion, etc. The body was addressed by
Dr. McKelway, of the Standard, by
Dr. Harding, of Davidson College, by
Dr. Butler, of the Brazilian Mission,
and by Rev. E. Gillespie, of the
Synod's Home Mission Board.
The work of the Presbytery is in
most excellent condition, the funds
being largely in excess of those of any
previous year.
New mission points have been
opened up and steps taken to reach
the destitution of this section both
from a religious and an educational
point of view. The James Sprunt
Institute is making astonishing pro
gress and a committee was appointed
to arrange for a school for boys.
Dr. Wells, of Wilmington, and Rev.
L. E. Wells, of Duplin county, were
received into the Presbytery and a
committee appointed for the installa
tion of Dr. Wells as pastor of the
Wilmington First church.
Rev. K. M. Williams and Mr :u. t.
Robinson were chosen deleg ates to
the General Assembly of the Presby
terian church, which meets in 'Little
Rock.
Clarkton was chosen as the place
for the Fall meeting. Much has been
said in praise of the good people of
Ulinton by tne members oi tne rres
bytery. Steamer's Narrow Escape.
The steamboat Buck, Capt. Ward,
had a narrow escape last night She
left Wilmington at 8 o'clock in the
evening tor Liong view witn some
twenty passengers and a tow of four
flat boats laden with merchandise.
Near Navassa, in passing through the
draw at the railroad bridge, the Buck
came into collision with several timber
rafts which were drifting down on the
freshet The flats were also caught,
and it was only by cutting the lines
and setting the flats adrift that Capt
Ward was enabled to save his boat
and get it clear of the rafts. The flat
boats, however, were afterwards
picked up, one by one, and made
secure; but thelBuck had by this time
nearly exhausted her supply of fuel,
and was forced to return to the city.
She sustained some slight damage in
her encounter with the rafts, but will
be ready to leave again for Long View
early to day.
Appetite Qot Her Into Trouble
Anna Pollock, colored, was arrested
yesterday on the charge of stealing a
ham from one of her . neighbors. She
was tried before Justice Fowler and
bound over to the Criminal Court In
default of bond in the sum of $50 she
was committed to jail.
Star.
i SUMMER EXCURSION PROM ATLANTA.
Delegation of Gate City Qrocerymea May
Come to WrigbtsvIUe In Jnne.
Messrs. H. E. Maddox, J. H. John
son and L. B. Morgan, prominent
business men of Atlanta, composing a
delegation from the Grocers' Associa
tion of that city, arrived in Wilming
ton yesterday at noon over the Sea
board Air Line railroad, and were ac
companied by Mr. R. H. Tate, assistant
general passenger agent of the S. A. L.,
and Capt T. D. Meares, general agent
of the system at Wilmington.
The delegation came to look over
thse propriety of the running of an ex
cursions by business men and others to
Wrightsville Beach about the middle
of June and the gentlemen were
taken down to the seashore yesterday.
Members of the party expect to
return to Atlanta this afternoon.
If they decide , to make Wrights
ville the place of their annual outing
this year, it will mean much forWiK
mington, as the class of people who
will visit the city upon this occasion
will be among the very best and most
influential men of the Gate City.
FIRST STRAWBERRY SHIPMENT.
Went Porward Saturday Prom Warsaw
to New York Commission House.
A correspondent of the Star writing
from Warsaw, N. C, says that Mr. J.
W. Stokes, of that town, Saturday
made a shipment of strawberries to R.
L. Brown & Co., a produce commission
firm of New York City.
The Stab's correspondent says that
this is believed to be the first shipment
from the entire State.
Chicken Thief's Dash Por Preedom.
Silas Crawford, a chioken thief,
yesterday morning proved him
self as clever on his feet as he
was in lifting fowls from a
roost The negro sent a coop of
chickens to Mr. C. E. Collins, who
runs a store on Market street between
Second and Third, shortly after day
light yesterday. Soon after he left a
woman came in and identified some
of the fowls as belonging to her.
When Crawford returned later for
his money Mr. Collins arrested him and
telephoned to the City Hall for an
officer. Officer Barden was sent after
him and the thief walked along peace
fully with the policeman until he ar
rived in front of the City Hall. There
he made another break and several
policemen took after him but he proved
too fleet footed for them and made his
escape.
Dedicated to Maj Stedmin.
Greensboro Telegram 9th.: "The
Lily of the Valleys," Miss Sallie
Walker Stockard's new book, is out.
It is an interpretation of the Songs of
Solomon and the work is admirably
done. The binding, ' printing and
floral ornamentation are exquisite and
combine to make a beautiful little
volume. The book is dedicated to
"Major Charles Manly Stedman.
Lawyer, Statesman, Gentleman, Sol
dier, Scholar of the Confederacy, Type
of Southern Manhood."
In all the display and taste which
the title volume shows, none is more
appropriate than this dedication to a
true Southern gentleman of the old
school. The preface is by the Rev. Dr.
Eugene Daniel of Raleigh.
Bad Runaway at Clinton.
Parties who arrived in the city last
evening from Clinton brought the
news of a bad runaway which occur
red there late Thursday afternoon, and
in which two prominent ladies of the
town, Misses Draughon and Ray, re
ceived more or less injuries by being
thrown violently to a sidewalk. Miss
Draughon received a severe gash on
her nead and was rendered uncon
scious for some time. Miss Ray was
badly stunned. Medical assistance
was rendered at once and no very
serious results were anticipated.
Steamboat Inspectors Here.
Capt John T. Borden and Capt. F.
B. Bice, United States steamboat boiler
and hull inspectors,, respectively, on
yesterday and the day before made an
inspection of the tugs Marion, Blanche
and Navassa and the new freight
steamboat Charles M. Whitlock, re
cently built by Capt. Ellis Sherman for
the Long and Town Creek trade. The
inspectors will return on Wednesday
to inspect the steamer Driver, which is
now in port here.
The News Prom Port Caswell.
It is expected that the 'extensive
building improvements at Fort Cas
well will be completed this week. A
report is also current to the effect that
in accordance with the policy of the
late Congress to strengthen all the
army posts along the coast that
another company will be assigned to
Caswell soon.
DARINQ ATTEMPT
To Rob an Express Car on the Pennsyl
vania Railroad.'
By Telegraph to tne Horning Btar.
Washington, April 13. A daring
attempt to rob the express car of the
second section of a northbound pas
senger train on the Pennsylvania rail
road, at the Virginia Midland cross
ing, four miles southwest of Alexan
dria last night was frustrated by
prompt action of the express messen
ger. As the train approached the
crossing shortly before 11 o'clock the
messenger in one of the two express
cars discovered several men crouching
between the two coaches, trying to
force onen the door of one of the oars.
He quietly gave the signal for the
train to stop and as the train slowed
down the men jumped off and escaped
across the fields. The police who are
investigating the case believe there
were three men in the gang.
NO. 25
SPIRITS TURPENTINE
Wilson Times: Last week Mr.
Jimmie Lee, pobsibly the oldest man
in the State, died. He was 104 years
old and had been in comparatively
good health.
Maxton Scottish Chief: We
have interviewed a number of leading
farmers and find there is very little,
if any, increase in the cotton acreage
in tbis section. Planting is the order
of the day and the seed will soon be
all in the ground. -
Lumberton Robesonian: We are
informed that Mr. Richard Humphry
has bedded 140 bushels of sweet pota
toes for tbis year's planting. His suc
cess in the potato business for several
years past has been marked, and this
year he expects to make larger ship
ments than ever.
Durham Herald: Mr. C. E
Egan, of the Interstate Telephone
Company, has placed on the market
a small instrument of his own inven
tion that promises to revolutionize
the telegraph business. At least there
is no doubt but that the instrument
will place the learning of telegraphy
within . the reach of every one, and
that too without the aid Of a teacher.
The instrument in question is a "tele
graph teacher," and by using it the
student can learn to receive a message
with as much ease as he can learn to
send under the old methods.
Mount Olive Advertiser: In a
few days the Bank of Mount Olive
will be ready to transact business.
Potatoes are doing as well as could be
expected, considering the fact that a
colony of bugs was on hand awaiting
the appearance of each plant. The
plants are being attended to by the
bugs. Last Friday evening the plan
ing mill of Mr. W. D. Price was de
stroyed by fire, originating, it is sup
posed, from a spark. The loss will be
in the neighborhord of $1,000, with no
insurance. This makes several Arts
sustained by Mr. Price", by all of which
he lost heavily.
Goldsboro Argus: There was
a heavy frost Friday morning and the
strawberry crop between this city and
Wilmington suffered considerably.
The Weather Bureau, however, was
responsible for a great part of the
damage. The report sent out Thurs
day morning predicting cloudiness
and rain caused a great many people
to leave their berries uncovered and
the frost had free access to the blooms.
At several places along the line the
farm hands were aroused from their
beds at 11 o'clock at night, when it
was seen that the frost would come,
and worked from then until daylight
covering up berries with pine straw.
Sanford Express: There was a
big freshet in Deep and Cape Fear
rivers last week from the heavy rains.
Land was badly washed where it had
been ploughed. The farmers have
been delayed in preparing their lands
for planting. It is estimated that
there are 460 saw mills in North Caro
lina in operation. There are prob
ably more saw mills in Moore than in
any other county in the State.
It is said that Mr. Tufts will add one
hundred rooms to the Carolina Hotel
at Pinehurst, and it is also said he
will build another large hotel there.
Pinehurst has become one of the most
popular Winter resorts in the South.
It has proven a splendid investment
for Mr. Tufts.
Fayetteville Observer: Deputy
Sheriff Moneghan, Special Officer Pow
ers and several other deputies had a
rough experience with an insane man
last night. The man was Mr. John
Stewart, ex chief of police of Red
Springs, who, while here on a visit to
khis sister, Mrs. Rackley, who lives on
the outskirts of town, became insane,
and on yesterday - attacked Mrs. Rack
ley and knocked her down. The
sheriff was notified, and it taxed the
energy of Mr. Moneghan and his as
sistants to get the unfortunate man as
far as the guardhouse, though they in
tended to carry him to the jail. This
morning the man is apparently all
right He says he suffers from tem
porary insanity, brought on by terri
rible pains in bis head.
INJUNCTION REFUSED. -
Judge Parlance's Decision Regarding
Shipment of Mules to South Africa.
By Telegraph to tne Morning Star.
New Orleans, April 13. Judge
Parlange in the United States court
to-day handed down a decision dismiss
ing the suit for injunction brought by
Boer represenatives here with a view
to preventing the shipment of mules
and horses from New Orleans to the
British army in South Africa.
Judge Parlange holds that the
transactions between citizens of the
United States and the British govern
ment were conducted under the order
of private citizenship, and that the
courts had absolutely no jurisdiction
to interfere. The horses and mules,
the court said, were bought in neu
tral territory. Judge Parlange con
eludes: "I am clearly of the opinion
that this case is not within the cogni
zance of this court and for tbat reason
the rule must be denied."
CASHIER AN EMBEZZLER.
Partners' National Bank of Vergennes,
Vt, the Sufferer Receiver Appointed.
By Telegraph to the Horning Btar.
Washington, April 13. The Comp
troller of the Currency to-day ap
pointed J. T. Sullivan, of his office, a
temporary receiver for the Farmers'
National Bank of Vergennes. Vt The
bank examiner.Frank L. Fish, during
an examination of the bank on April
3rd, discovered a shortage in the cash,
and a further investigation which has
been conducted by Special Examiner
John B. Cunningham indicates a total
embezzlement by the cashier, D. H.
Lewis, of $90,000. After the discovery
of the defalcation, the examiner secured
the return of $25,000 to the bank.
Until a more complete investigation
into the acts of the cashier is made, it
is impossible to state what loss, if any,
will accrue to the depositors.
It is not believed, however, that the
loss to the depositors will be large.
A MOUNTAIN TRAGEDY.
Tennessee Pendist Pound Dead Grasping
His Rifle.
By Telegraph to tne Horning Btar.
Knoxvtlle, Tenn., April 13. A
special to the Sentinel from Sneedville
reports another mountain tragedy.
Evan Bledsaw, a feudist, was found
dead, sitting upright against a tree,
?:rasping nis rine tignuy. it is do
ieved he had been decoyed to the
desolate spot in the hope of capturing
the man who killed his father several
years ago.
PRESIDENT McKINLEY'S
TOUR TO THE PACIFIC.
Will Leave Washington April 29th Trip
Will Cover Period of Between Six
and Seven Weeks.
By Telegraph to toe' Morning Btar.
Washington, April 13. The Presi
dent, Mrs. McKinley and. party will
leave Washington by the Southern
railway Monday morning, April 29th,
at 10 :30 o'clock for a tour to the Pacific
coast and return, covering a period of
between six and seven weeks. They
will have a train consisting of a private
car for the President and Mrs. McKin
ley, two Pullman compartment cars,
two Pullman sleepers, a dining car and
a combination car. Colonel L. 8.
Brown, general agent of the Southern
railway, will accompany the party
from here to New Orleans, and from
New Orleans to Portland, Oregon, Mr.
E. O. McCormick, passenger traffic
manager of the Southern Pacific lines.
The members of the cabinet will ac
company the President, with the
exception of Secretaries Gage and Root
and Attorney General Knox.
The train will go by way of Alex
andria, Charlottesville, Lynchburg -and
Roanoke, Va. ; Huntsville, Deca
tur and Tuscumbia, Ala., and Corinth,
Miss., arriving at Memphis, Tenn., at
4:30 P. M. on Tuesday, April 30th. A
stay of several hours will be made in
Memphis, the party leaving there
during the night for New Orleans,
going by way of Vicksburg and Jack
son. Miss., reaching New Orleans at
4:30 P. M. on May 1st and remaining
there until 6 P. M. on the following
day.
The total distance travelled will I j
about 10,600 miles, crossing twentv
three States and two territories, at d .
touching the Gulf of 'Mexico, ttie
Pacific ocean and the great laker.
Twenty seven railroads i.r embraced
in the itinerary. Wherever feasible
the State capitals will be visited. Locsl
programmes are arranged covering
the cities at which extended stops are.
made. A feature of the trip will bi
the substitution of drives for recep
tions, thus more fully accommodate .
the people than would be possible at
short reception. The reception com
miltees will be received at the cit h
they represent, the various local coir
mittees having cordially co-operau j
in this respect, as well as in others, iu
an endeavor to make the journey of
the President and his partya most en
joyable and interesting one.
While the President may make short
addresses at several of the large cities
and at some of the colleges, and uni
versities, it is not at all likely that he
will make as many speeches as have
been delivered in the course of pre
vious trips.
JEFFERS0NIAN DEMOCRACY.
Hon. David B. Hill's Address at theMeet
ing of the Jefferson Club
In Buffalo, N. Y.
Bv Telegraph to the Horning Btar.
Buffalo, N. N., April 13. Hon.
David D. Hill addressed the members
of the Jefferson Club and their guests
at the Teck Theatre to-night His
theme was "Thomas Jefferson."
In introducing Senator Hill to the
audience Maurice O. Spratt, president
of the club, referred to him as the
greatest living exponent of the prin
ciples of Jefferson ian Democracy.
Senator Hill was given an enthusias
tic reeption.
Jefferson, he said, would have un
questionably viewed with abhorrence
the establisbment oi a permanent
American colonial system whether '
obtained under military rule or under
civil authority appointed by the ceu
tral government at Washington. His
theory was unquestionably the Demo
cratic doctrine of to day that this
government has no more authority to
create a colonial system than it has the "
right to create a king.
In conclusion Mr. Hill said: "And
now a word to party friends as to the
future. We must not be dismayed by
recent defeats. The Democratic party
was not born to die. It has surNv4vedvv
the political vicissitudes of a hundred
years disasters which would have
destroyed any other political organi -zation
that ever existed, but it still lives
with its six million three hundred and
forty-two thousand voters, unterrifled '
indestructible unpurchasable -conscious
of the rightfulness) of its
cause and confident of the ultimate
supremacy of its principles.
. We have a right to be proud of our
ancient political lineage. Our party is
the great conservative force in the
country to-day and absolutely ""-t
essary to its welfare. It stands 8 gainst
radicalism of every description. j -It
is opposed to plutocracy on
the one hand and to communism on f
the other. It antagonizes monopoly 1
on one side and socialism on the other. '
It is opposed to imperialism in the
Philippine islands and to anarchy in
Cuba. It respects the vested rights of
capital and at the same time sympa
thizes with labor oppressed. . It has no
alliances with powerful corporate
interests, neither is it in league
with demagogues who disturb so
ciety and agitate for the mere sake
of agitation. It does not regard the
possession of wealth as a crime nor
even a badge of honor; nor does it
consider poverty aa either a disgrace
or a virtue. It makes no war upon
classes, but opposes corrupt and vicious
systems and methods wherever they
are to be found."
COTTON MILLS CLOSED.
Over
25,000 Operatives at Lowell and
Pall River Idle This Week.
By Telegraph to the Morning Btar.
Lowell, Mass., April 13. The
2,300 operatives of the Massachusetts
cotton mills here were notified to day .
not to return to work until April 22d.
The entire plant will be closed on ac-
count of the dull market The Tre
mont and Suffolk cotton mills have .
laid off three-fourths of the operatives
for an indefinite time. In all, 6,000
operatives will be idle in this city next
week. : v.-.- ' .'
Fall River, Mass., 3 April 17.
About 17,000 employes of the cotton
mills in this city were notified to-day
that there will be no work next week.
The suspension will be most general
of any week since the decision to cur
tail production was made, and about
twenty five corporations, owning some
forty mills, nearly the entire number
in the syndicate agreement, will atop.
This will decrease the production by
200,000 pieces and means a loss in
wages to the operatives of about
$100,000. ,
F. E. Emery, formerly of the North
Carolina Agricultural Experiment
station, has been detailed by the Sec
retary of Agriculture to visit China,
Japan, Philippines and other eastern
countries with a view to extending
the markets for American dairy pro
ducts.
At Grand View, Texas, yesterday,
W. H. Benson shot his son Frank. He
then took noison. dying a few hours
later. The trouble was of a family
nature.
M
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