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A POLITICAL NECESSITY.
Events very of tea make issues in
politics, and the political leader is
always lobkingahead to make issues
or to anticipate and forestall them.
The tariff has been an. issue to a
greater or less extent ever since a
tariff for protection became the
policy of the Republican statesmen.
It has since been overshadowed at
times by other issues', but it has al
ways figured more or less in our na
With the rapid organization of
colossal Trusts, and the combination
of these into still more colossal or
ganizations, additional interest was
given to the tariff question, enough
to again make it a leading if not the
leading issue in the next campaign.
It might and doubtless would have
been in the past campaign if it had
not been overshadowed by the ques
tion of imperialism, as it was in the
preceding campaign by the money
question, but it can't be very easily
overshadowed in the next campaign.
The Republican leaders realize this,
and none of them more fully than
Win. McKinley, one of the shrewdest
politicians they have among them.
His admirers give him credit for
statesmanship, and while he is as
much eijtitjed to credit for states
manship as any one in his party he
is a politician before a statesman,
and a better politician than states,
man. As the saying goes he "keeps
his ear to the ground," not a very
dignified position for a President
but a very sensible thing for the
politician to do. While professing
to be governed by principle in polit
ical matters, as all Republicans do,
his cardinal inspiration is expediency
although expediency may mean
a complete change of base, or an
absolute repudiation of public dec
laration;, as when he reversed him?
Self in the case of Porto Rico,- and
substituted "benevolent assimila
tion" for "criminal aggression" in
the Philippine!. "
if there had been no politics in iti
there never would have been any
war with Spain, and the most ex
citing and ,the most historic part
of McKinley V administration would
jreyer have been history. It waa the
ipresistiblo pressure of public opin-s
ion that forced him to espouse the
cause of Cuba. Senator' Hanna,
ek-Secretary, then Secretary Alger,
and other recognized spokesmen of
the Republican party have publicly
admitted this when they said the
lack of preparation for war was the
' main cause for tardy action in es
pousing the cause of Cuba.
That was not true, but a mere
apology for not doing sooner what
they did at laqt when public pres
sure became so strong that it could
,no longer be withstood. The conn
try was better prepared for war with
Spain, a third rate power, than it
waa for war with Great Britain, a
-first-class power, when President
Cleveland joined issue on the Vene
zuela boundary line and reasserted
the Monroe doctrine. That tussle
with Spain proved a short, soft
snap. He reaped more fruit from
it than he had planned for or ex
pected, and has taken to his admin
istration and the party he represents
the glory of the achievements in the
- contest into which he and his polit
ical associates and advisers were re
luctantly forced. The war for Cuba
was inspired by political expediency,
and Porto Rico, the Carolines and
. the Philippines, with a mortgage on
Cuba, were some of the fruits they
glory in. '
4s countries are generally captir
vated by victories that add to their
prestige or power or territoral do'
main they feel that their expansion
policy will be sustained and are ap
prehensive only on the Trust ques
- tion, which carries with it the tariff
question, as it bears on the Trusts, if
it go no further. ,
The disquieting element in this is
not Democratic opposition, for
if the Republicans were united
Uiey would have little fear of that,
with Mark Ilanna as a campaign
director and purse provider, but
there is division borderiner on revolt
ja the Republican ranks, thousands
nave heretofore stood loyally
py protection when they believed
necessary now rallying around
will endowing the anti-Trust dec-
larations of Representative Babcock,
of Wisconsin, who has pronounced
against the monopolies which grind
and stand under the sheltering
wings of Tthe protective tariff.
Mr. McKinley had been listening
to the voice of the voters, even be
fore they spoke so unequivocally
through Mr. Babcock, and he real
ized the necessity of doing some
thing to hold them in the party (as
the silver Republicans in the '96
campaign were held in the party by
that bimetallic fake) and therefore
in his message to Congress he sug
gested that there should be a re
duction of tariff duties on such ar
ticles as could now be made in this
country in competition with Europe
and on which there was no longer
need of, tariff protection.
But he seems to have come to the
conclusion that this might bring
him and his patty into conflict with
the Trusts, which in the 'past have
given such effective support to the
party and to him, and therefore has
reconsidered the reduction recom
mendation and hedged on reci
procity, a fake of the first magni
tude, a political dodge pure and
Mark Hanna, who stands close
enough to Mr. McKinley to cast a
shadow over him,has given him away
on the tariff reduction, and fore
shadowed the course of the admin
istration will be when in speaking
of the Babcock movement he said
it was not "worthy 6f serious con
sideration," that onr steel manufac
turing interests must not be left to
the mercv of the steel manu
facturers of Canada, who would
"dump their products in New
England," and therefore there
must be "no tariff tinkering."
But he and Mr.- McKinley, and the
rest of them realize the imperative
necessity of doing something to re
move the impression that they are
owned and the Republican party
dominated by the Trusts, and there
fore he (and he is-echoed by them)
Jias struck on the reciprocity hum
bug, which they can work without
A dispatch published several days
ago stated that ; Japanese cotton
spinners who had been buying nearly
all their cotton in this country, were
now buying most of it in India, mix
ing it with American cotton, which
is of a better quality. Now comes
the report that the Russian spinners
are increasing their j consumption of
Asiatic cotton and decreasing
their purchases of American cotton.
The reason for this is given in the
following condensation by the Balti-,
more Sun of a report by the British
consul at Warsaw; '
"It seems that in ordinary times im
ported cotton whether American or
Indian is sold to Russian spinners on
credit terms, while trans Caspian cot
ton must be paid for promptly. But
owing to the unprofitable condition of
the Russian cotton industry during
the last eighteen months or two years
the rule was adopted of requiring
prompt payment for imported cotton
also. The withdrawal of credit in the
latter case induced spinners to turn
. their attention more than before to the
trans-Caspian product. In respect of
staple this is fully equal to American,
but it is not so well cleaned, and steps
are being taken to insure better gin
ning and more careful classification
and picking in future. Of course
this substitution could not have taken
place if the most recent crops of the
Russian Asiatic cotton had not been
abundant. In fact, however, the
crops of the last two years were the
largest ever grown. The Consul's
statistics show that in 1900 Russia
consumed 1,120,006 bales, Of which
632,800 were Asiatic The imported
American cotton fell 4 from 747,810
bales in 1899 to 697,300 in 1900. The
withdrawal of credit to Russian spin
ners was necessitated by their numer
ous failures, caused by the depressed
condition of trade in Russia. '
Here is a deorea3o of 149,610
bales in one year, which large as it
is is probably but the beginning for
the area of cultivation is steadily
enlarging 'in the Russian domin
ion. The1 seed from which this
cotton is grown has imported from
this country and was of the best
quality, which accounts for the fact
stated in the above extract that "the
staple is fully equal to the Ameri
can." "Vith such a decrease in one year,
how long will it be before American
cotton will have entirely disappeared
from the Russian mills? In several
respects the Asiatic cotton grower
has the advantage of the American
in the Russian market for ne has a
sol and climate in which the plant
thrives, has cheap labor, and cheap
transportation, for to encourage the
industry, the railroads, which are
owned by. the government, trans
port the cotton at very low rates,
about enough to cover the actual
cost of handling.
May corn has gone to 60 cents a
bushel in Chicago. Young Mr.
Phillips has cornered corn. This is
the highest price reached 8ince '92,
when speculators ran it up to a
dollar for a while. '
Mrs. Carrie Nation pleaded in-
I sanity when tried for saloon smash-
I ing, mere is little doubt as to ner
insanity, but how about the people
who followed her and whooped for
her while she was on the smash? ,
f 1 1 y ' -' : -u.
SPYING: OUT THE LAND.
It has been pretty generally known
that many valuable minerals are
found in Cuba, but Mr. Charles
Willis Hayes, of the IT. S. Geological
Survey, who at the request of Governor-General
Wood, has been ex
ploiting the island, says no one who
has not made a personal observation
has any conception of the extent,
variety and abundance of the min
erals found there.
He made, with two assistants of
the department to which he belongs,
an exploration of several provinces
and-the Isle 4 of Pines. He found
iron, manganese, copper, asphaltum
and marble. The iron ore deposits
he pronounces even more extensive
than those in Pennsylvania, com
paring favorably with the Lake
Superior, deposits. There are large
deposits of copper, in which some
mining has been done in thpast,
while asphaltum of a superior quality
la found in several localities? On
the Isle of Pines marble is found
in practically inexhaustible quantity,
of the finest quality and of several
varietiesjsuitable for all purposes
for which marble is used. And all
these, the iron, manganese, copper,
asphaltum and marble are so located
as to be worked advantageously and
convenient to shipment by water,
many of the properties being right
on the sea Jtont with good harbors
This is all interesting and it is also
suggestive. Why should Governor
General Wood show so much inter
est in the mineral resources of Cuba
as to press into the service experts
from the U. S. Geological Survey to
spy them out? Was he doing this
for the benefit of Cuba, or for the
benefit of American capitalists who
are ready and willing to pick up and
take in good things which they find
lying around loose or hidden under
the ground? We dare say that the
average Cuban who has kept up with
events has learned more in the past
two years about the resources of his
island than the generations before
him had learned in three hundred
years. This illustrates the differ
ence between the hustling, inquisi
tive American and tho go slow
There is a racket in the Mecklen-burg-Schwerin
family. Henry had
more debts than he could wipe out,
and he gave his notes to pay up in
six days after he married Queen
Wilhelmina. He didn't come to time,
and creditors presented the notes
to Wilhelmina, who told them she
wasn't running a, broker shop, and
then they thought they'd play smart
by huckstering the notes in Amster
dam. Then she got good mad
at the Amsterdam trick, and made
it hot for Harry of Mecklenburg-
Schwerin. , Harry is swearing mad,
too. but Willie will not cash dem
A young man of Bloomdale, Ohio,
got himself into trouble by an over-
partiality for red. hair. When he
met a red haired girl he could not
resist the temptation to swipe some
of that hair. But he went into an
other town where they did not
know of his hankering for that kind
of hair, yanked some from the locks
of a young woman he met, and got
himself into the calaboose.
It is said that the Pennsyvania
Railroad Company is going to build
a bridge across the Hudson river,
which wp cost 80,000,000, about
five times as much as the Brooklyn
bridge cost. The tunnel will be
completed, too, within six months,
so that neonle who do not want to
go over the river can go under it.
There are some white "Red Men"
in this country, but a traveller in
Peru was surprised by suddenly run
ning up with a tribe of white Indians.
He says they are strikingly hand
some, too, while most of. the other
kind of Indians are strikingly the
reverse f" "
Mrs. H.arris, of Atlanta, celebrated
her 83rd birthday by laying aside her
spectacles, which she had used for
forty years, - on the discovery that
she could see without them as well
as she ever did in her life, and bet
ter than she could with the specks.
Vermont must be a sleepy old
State, if it be true, as asserted by
physicians, that they find use every
month for 3,300,000 doses of opium.
The Observer in its report of the
firemen's banquet at Fayetteville
"Prof. J. H. Myrover then made
the sneech of the evening, which was
filled with clever hits, quaint sayings
and dftlio-htful bits of humor. He
eulogized Captain McNeill in beautiful
and well deserved terms for his fault
less record, for so many years, as the
Fire Chief .of Fayetteville ana as me
head of theState organization truly
saying that it is impossible to over
estimate the value of his services to
this city and to the State of North Car
olina, as no one eVen approaches him
in knowledge of the requirements of
luch a position and in assiduous
loyalty to his duty therein. Mr. My
rover closed with a well-put greeting
to Mr. Roy McDuflBe, the new chief
just elected by the Board of Alder
men'to replace Captain McNeill."
WILMINGTON, N. C,
THE OUTLOOK PUR RICE.
The Prospect Promising and Encouraging
for the Grower.
Editor of the Morning Star:
Since rice within the last few years
has made such wonderful strides
throughout the South generally, and
has now become one of the. staple
crops of this country, the country
at large feels considerable interest in
Louisian is now looked on as the prin
cipal rice producing; State in the coun
try, and this transformation of her
wild prairie lands to one almost con
tinuous rice field, starting in at Rayne,
La., and from thence, alone both
sides of the Southern Pacific railroad.
away down into Texas." is calculat
ed to convince one that this industry
has become fixed and profitable.
ine prontable prices realized bv the
by the producer and the miller, for
two seasons past, has resulted in the
introduction of additional irrigating
plants, as well as new mills, etc
Thousands of additional acres have
been selected, and seed for same ob
tained, and in short, the crenaration
commenced at the opening of the
Spring f6r the rica crop of 1901. would
justify the impression, that "record
breaking acreage" would be put in.
and with irrigating facilities now en
joyed, the yield would surpass any
season to date, and that the coming
crop would be enormous.
Realizing that such an increased
production, necessitated an imme
diate increased consumption, imme
diate steps have been taken on these
lines, for it is generally be
lieved that if the public - pen
erally knew the value of rice as an
article of food, its consumption would
equal, if not surpass, the sale of all
other cereals combined, but the doubt
in the mind of the average planter, as
to whether the consumption would
keep apace with the production, is
recognised as the one question alone
upon which the success of this coun
'The river crop." as it is known in
Louisiana, or viz : those lands confined
to a narrow strip along the Mississippi
river, ana uayou la jj ourche. is now
well under wry, and the season thus
far has been favorable, the river having
been high enough to afford ample irri
gation, at me same time devoid of set
back arising from overflows. The
seeding weather being on the whole
favorable, a good "stand" has been
obtained, and the outlook generally
for this section, is favorable.
"The river crop" of Louisiana, from
a standpoint of quantity, has now
grown' to become a "drop in the
bucket, and the section of Southeast
ern Louisiana and Texas, known as
"the Calcasteu section," furnishes to
this country three quarters, and par-
haps, seven eights of tne crop of Louis
iana. Here conditions are not so pro
pitious. During the seeding time, so
the local press states, a succession of
northerly winds, together with ex
treme dry weather proved very un
favorable to the rice crop general! v.
and the expected quantity at harvest
time, will necessarily be reduced.
The sprouted rice has had a great
setback; the cold nights and north
winds, in many sections having al
most stunned the crop, and instead of
that uniform and beautiful green.
which at this season of the vear re
sembles a beautiful lawn, much of the
rice is parched and vellow. The seed
just planted does not appear to ger
' m . m . . i
inmate, lor a want or moisture, ana
further ploughing, owing to the dry
hard soil, is now absolutely impossible.
and nothing can be done until a suc
cession of rains soften up the earth.
In eastern Texas the acreage has
been greatly reduced, and will be
further reduced, by reason of the oil
excitement, the lands having so re
cently been made valuable by the
wonderful discovery of oil throughout
that entire section; hence, much of
the land, set aside, for rice growing,
has been abandoned, and instead of a
crop of rice, such as was anticipated.
one now sees almost equally as large
a crop of "oil derricks;" so the effects
of this oil excitement on the rice crop,
will mean no little. How much land
intended for rice oil development will
divert becomes a question hard to de
termine, but none the less important.
The Georgia crop is indeed promis
ing, ana wmie tne acreage nas not
been materially increased, a good
"stand" has been obtained, and bar
ring storms, floods and unfavorable
harvest weather, a fair crop is ex
The crop in South uarolina is, on the
whole, favorable ; considerable idle
lands have this season been taken in.
and while no great increased acreage
is assured, yet with favorable seasons,
the present "stand" would warrant
expectations of " better than an aver
The Cape Fear Kiver Crop of North
Carolina, has an exceptionably fine
"stand," with no marked increased
The Upland UropOf JNortn Uarolina,
A Providence Crop," and by the way
more attectea by uotion ana xrucs:
generally, than the rice of any other
section, is looking well, most sections
boasting of a " fane stand." The acre
age, however, is greatly reduced, and
while somewhat larger than last sea-
a . . - mi
son, is mucn oeiow me average, xdis
state of affairs is attributed to an ab
solute failure (owing to drougbtj of
last season's crop, and to the attractive
prices paid this season for cotton.
The stock of Clean Rice at all mill
ing centres, is reduced to practically
nothing, and surely not sufficient to
meet the average requirements of the
trade for thirty days to come.
Trip to Europe.
Mr. and Mrs. George R French left
last evening for New York, from
whence next Saturday they will sail
for Paris and an extended trip in the
Old World. They will be joined in
Baltimore by Mr. Christian and his
wife, who is a sister of Mr. French,
and they will make the tour together,
remaining abroad until about the
middle of September.
Married at Newport News. -
The Norfolk papers announce the
marriage in Newport News on the ISth
inst. of Mr. R. W. Vincent, formerly
of Wilmington but now city editor of
the Newport News Times, to Miss
Estelle Bizzle, of Portsmouth. The
attendants were Miss Nana Beck, oi
Morganton, N. C , and Dr. Geo. W.
Williams, of Newport News.
. All veterans who contemplate
going to Memphis should give their
names to Commander Metts as early
aa possible, so as they may get neces
;FMDAY, MAY 24, 1901.
TRUCK FAIR FAILED.
It Will Not be Held the Last of
This Month for Vari
GROWERS WERE TOO BUSY.
To Arrange Creditable Exhibition So Early.
Secretary Brnner Says It Does Not
Preclude Possibility of Event
Next Year Letter Mailed
The mropofled truck and fruit fair
for Charlotte, May 22nd and 23rd, and
Raleigh on the following couple of
days, has been abandoned at the last
moment, by Secretary T. TSL Bruner,
of the Agricultural Department, who
first agitated the movement, as printed
in these columns a few days ago.
Secretary Bruner made a desperate
effort for the fair but upon his visit
through the trucking belt last week, he
found the growers entirely too - busy
to arrange representative exhibits.
The following letter has been
mailed by Secretary Bruner to the
truckers.who manifested interest in the
"The proposed Truck and Fruit Fair
to be held at Charlotte and Raleigh
next week, has, at the last moment,
been abandoned. This action became
imperative by reason of the failure
of the growers to respond with the
material for exhibition. The Depart
ment of Agriculture generously
agreed to pay the expenses attendant
upon such a show of the pro
duce of our eastern farms as would
reflect credit upon both the grower
and the department. The grower,
who was to be benefitted by the ex
hibition, was only expected to supply
one crate or package of the best pro
duct of his farm, which was to have
baen shown fully labelled with his
name and address. But as only 18
growers responded to this appeal it was
found impossible to make an exhibit
at all commensurate with the great
trucking interest of our eastern coun
ties, or to meet the wishes of the De
partment of Agriculture in' present
lug that interest to the western part of
"This, failure to respond is not con
sidered as arising from a lack of inter
est in the subject, but rather from
want of time, in the rush of the ship
ping season, to give attention to the
matter. However, the result precludes
the possibility of making an exhibit
this year. It is hoped that by an
other year something may be done
along this line.
"Thanking you for the interest you
have personally manifested in this
matter, I am,
"Yours very truly,
"T. K. BntraiER, Secretary."
CAPTURED IN FLORENCE, S. S,
The Negro Who Shot Mr. Chag. Richter
Arrested Yesterday Afternoon.
Chief of Police Furlong yesterday
afternoon received a telegram from
Sheriff Thos. S. Burcb, of Florence,
S. C, stating that he had arrested
John Everett, the obstreperous negro
who shot and painfully wounded Mr.
Chas. Richter in his store in "Brook
lyn" several weeks ago, and for the
capture of whom Mr. Richter offered
Chief Furlong telegraihed Sheriff
Burch last night if he was sure of his
man and received the gratifying in
telligence that the negro had confess
ed. An officer will be sent for Everett
Early Irish Potatoes.
Mr. A. E. Blake, of Topsail Sound,
was in the city yesterday. The agri
cultural editor was informed that Mr.
Blake will begin shipping new crop
Irish potatoes the last of this week,
which is very early considering the
seasons, etc, Shipments are usually
not made from this section until two
THE WOMAN IN THE CASE.
Coroner's Inquiry Into the Mysterious
Murder In Washington, D. C.
By Telegraph to the Mornins: star.
Washington, May is. The coro
ner's inquiry into the mysterious mur
der of the young census clerk, James
Seymour Ayres, Jr., at the Kenmore
Hotel last Wednesday morning, was
begun to-day. The first forty minutes
were given to a careful inspection by
the jury of the scene of the crime.
James Burns, a Michigan clerk in
the government printing office, said
Ayres had been formerly very atten
tive to Mrs. Uonine. a guest at the Ken-
more, but that lately there had been
coolness between the two.
Miss Minas. who bad a room next to
Ayres. said Mrs. Bonine had been to
Ayres' room a number of times. At
11 o'clock Tuesday night, Mrs. Bonine
visited Miss Minas in the latter s room,
wearing a black and brown wrapper.
Mrs. Bonine explained that she was
looking for her son Morris.
Other, testimony developed little of
value, and the inquest was adjourned
A 500,000 FIRE.
Wanamaker's Country Residence
stroyed Fine Paintings Burned.
By Telegraph to tne Morning star.
Philadelphia, May 18. Thomas
B. Wanamaker's handsome country
residence at Meadowbrook station, one
mile from Bethayres', Pa., was totally
destroyed by fire this morning. The
loss is estimated at $500,000. Mr.
Wanamaker and his family were at
their Philadelphia home at the time.
The fire broke out during a heavy
storm and is supposed to have been
caused by la bolt of lightning. A
woman oari taker and her child and a
man servant who were sleeping in the
house narrowly escaped being burned
to death. The house was filled with
valuable furniture, pictures and statu
ary, brought for the. most part from
Italy. The house was of the colonial
style and was built in 1826. In size
it rivaled a hotel. The pictures in the
art gallery are an irreparable loss.
Their approximate value is $250,000.
THE STATE BAR ASSOCIATION.
Local Attorneys Are Considering Plans for
Its Entertainment Next Month.
At a meeting of the local Bar Asso
ciation yesterday morning at 11
o'clock at the Court House, over
which Mr. Junius Davis, president
of this district of the State Associa
tion, presided, and of which Marsden
Bellamy, Jr., Esq., kept a record of the
proceedings, plans for the entertain
ment of the State Bar Association.
which meets at Wrights ville Beach
J une 26th28th, were taken under con
sideration. Hon. Jno. D. Bellamy was ap
pointed to make an endeavor to secure
the revenue cutter Algonquin for the
purpose of taking members af the As
sociation upon a trip down the river
and out to sea.
Marsden Bellamy, Esq , was selected
to deliver the address of welcome to
the Associalioa and Chairman Davis
was aaked to appoint some one else in
the event that Mr. Bellamy finds it
inconvenient to serve.
Messrs. George Rountree, Jno. H.
Gore, Jr., and Robert Ruark were
named as a committee, with Mr. Junius
Davis, chairman ex officio, to raise the
necessary funds for the entertainment
of the visitors. .
.An entertainment committee was
appointed, with Mr. Junius Davis
chairman ex officio, as follows: Wm.
J. Bellamy, T. W. Davis and George
NEW BOAT FOR THE CAPE FEAR.
Merchants' and Farmers' Co. Build New
Boat In Place of the "Climax "
At a conference in this city yester
day at noon of President Oliver Evans,
of Fayetteville; Vice President R. B.
Melvin, of Dublin, and General
Manager T. D. Love, of Wilmington,
all of the Merchants' and Farmers'
Transportation Company, it was de
cided to rebuild at once a steamboat
for the Cape Fear River trade, to take
the place of the Climax, which was
burned at the wharf fire here last
week as she was about to be com
pleted. The dimensions and model of the
new boat will be the same as the one
burned and there will be a delay of
only about thirty days in getting' the
new craft upon the river, as all this
preliminary work will not have to be
repeated. The machinery, brand new
from the factory, had not been placed
in the burned boat and consequently
this will be on hand just as soon as the
hull is completed.
Reports to General Assembly On Revision
of Church Law Provision for Aged
and Infirm Ministers.
Bv Telegraph to the Moralns Btar.
Little Rook. May 18. Two hun
dred commissioners were present at to
day's session of the Southern Presby
terian General Assembly.
Separate reports were presented from
the ad interim committee on the re
vision of the church law on ecclesias
Dr. R. C Reed presented a report
taking strong grounds against delegat
ing power of the General Assembly to
a commission to act in the interregum
between the annual meetings of the
General Assembly. Judge Joseph W.
Martin, of Little Rock, submitted the
contrary report, recommending a sub
stitute for Section seven, chapter 5, of
the Church laws, embracing para-
grapsh 92. S3 and 94. The two reports
were docketed and .made a special
order forMonday morning.
Rev. R. P. Kerr, of Richmond, Va.,
from the ad interim committee, ap
pointed to prepare a catechism for the
church, submitted a report with the
explanation that the committee had
endeavored to make the catechism
harmonise with the constitution of the
church andr jadhering accepted pruts
ciples and usuages of the church,
avoiding such matters as might be sub
iect to change. Consideration of the
report was set for Monday.
Dr. K. F. Beattie, of liouisville, Ky
as chairman, reported a plan for a more
efficient provision for aged and infirm
ministers. The committee recommends
that a separate executive committee of
seven active business men be created
to take oversight of the whole work,
the committee to have a salaried sec
retary, and that all ministers whose
names are on the rolls of the Presby
teries, whether laboring at home or in
the foreign field, shall -be eligible to
the benefits of the fund for themselves
and their families. The committee
recommends the desirability of estab
lishiug minister's rates or acale of
fees which each minister snail pay
annually to the fund in order to obtain
full participation in its benefits, those
not paying to derive only a partial
benefit. The committee expresses its
well denned -judgment that in caring
for disabled ministers the Presbyterian
Church is far behind other churches.
The report was made a special order for
Three reports were made from the
ad interim committee on a graded sys
tern of Bible study. Two of the re'
porta reiterate dissatisfaction with the
present international lesson plan, vr,
E. U. Murray's report recommends the
changes suggested by Dr. Chiselen in
his report :as to the three-fold five
year cycle and adoption of the scheme
of studies presented in his table.
-All the reports were docketed and
the Assembly adjourned to Monday
morning in order to permit the various
committees to deliberate.
Greetings were sent to the Presby
terian General Assembly at Philadel
phia and to the Cumberland Presby
terian General 4ssetnbly at West
Chief PoBtoffice Inspector Cochran,
Washington, D. O, received dispatch
es last night announcing the capture,
after a desperate battle, of two alleged
ostoffice safe-blowers charged with
ooting the Lawhorn, La., postoffice
on May 14th. Both men were wounded.
They were caught near umggoid, la.
The National Society of Colonial
Dames of the United States yesterday
sent $485 to the Jacksonville suffer
Ocean View Hotel, Bath Houses,
One Cottage and a Vacant
WILL BE REBUILT AT ONCE.
Losses Will Aggregate Between $10,000
and $15,000 With About Three.fonrtbs
Insurance Other Hotels Were
Saved A Special Train.
Wrightsville Beach was visited by a
destructive fire at 8 o'clock last night
which caused a loss of upwards of
$15,000, - about three-fourths covered
The fire originated from an unknown
source in the Ocean View Hotel, be
longing to the Ocean View Company,
S. A. Schloss, president, and principal
stockholder, and this building with
Mr. Schloss' "VanAmriuge" cottage,
two : bath houses and the "Sanders"
store on the west side of the railroad
are a complete loss, together with their
The fire was discovered about the
same time bv little Miss Min
nie Grant, daughter of Capt. R.
O. Grant, on the sound, and
Ed. Brewington, the colored watch
man on the beach. There was at first
only a slight blaze on the south side
of the dining room, between the bar
and the kitchen, but the wind was
coming from the south and very soon
the entire building was enveloped in
flames. Mrs. W. E. Mayo, who has
conducted the hotel for the past sev
eral years, had returned from the
beach yesterday afternoon, after
spending the week there getting the
hotel in readiness for the opening,
June 1st. All her furniture and furn
ishings for the hotel were destroyed
The fire next communicated to the two
bath houses belonging to the hotel
and the wind shifted to the southwest,
else the entire beach might have been
swept. Mr. Schloss' cottage next took
fire and the last building to burn was
the vacant store belonging to Mr.
Schloss on the west side of the rail
George Ellerbe, a colored man,
went upon the roof of the "Russell"
cottage, owned jointly by Messrs. R.
R. Stone, W. A. Rourk and Capt. W.
A. Sanders, and saved it after heroic
efforts, falling exhausted when the
fire had been controlled. This morn
ing, he was in a serious condition
Captain Grant and others went over
from the Sound and with several ma
rooning parties on the beach other
buildings were saved. Among the
arooners" were Messrs.- McRee
Hatch, O. A. Wiggins, Jr., Junius
Davis, Jr., F. L. Huggins, James
G. Cotehett and Jno. B. Peschau.
They all worked heroically until
Chief Schnibben and a crew of Wil
mington firemen, with hook and lad
der apparatus, reached the scene on a
special train over the Wilmington
Seacoast railroad, with Engineer Jno.
E. Divine, Jr., at the throttle and
Capt. Willie Grant in charge as con
ductor. The loss in the Ocean View building
is about $7,000, with insurance as fol
lows: Walker Taylor, $3,000; Wil
lard & Giles, $1,000, and J, H.
Boatwright & Son, $1,000. The
"Sanders" store, valued at about
$500 was insured with Willard and
Giles for $300. The bath houses, valued
at about $600 were insured with J.
VanB. Metts for $350. The cottage
wned by Mr. Schloss is valued at
1,200 with about three-fourths insur
nee. The loss on Mrs. Mayo's furni
ture etc., is about $1,000 with small in
surance. All the property is, of course, situ
ated at the extreme southern end of the'
beach and the club houses, other cot
tages, pavilions, new Seashore Hotel,
and other resorts of the kind, are in
The Ocean View Company has re
centlw expended about $2,000 on its
property at the beach and the Star is
assured that it will rebuild at once
upon an enlarged scale.
MANILA COMMISSARY FRAUDS.
Lieut. Richard H. Townley of the Navy to
be Court Martlaled.
Bv Telegraph to the Morning Btar.
Washington, May 18. Lieutenant
Richard H. Townley, a 'retired officer
of the navy, will be court martialed
for alleged participation in the com
missary frauds at Manila. Rear Ad
miral Kempff, in temporary command
of the Asiatic station, to-day reported
to the Navy Department that he had
detached Townley from command of
the naval school and would send him
to the gunboat Manila, under suspen
sion, to await further action,
Prompt action was taken by the de
partment upon the receipt of Rear
Admiral Kempff's report, cable orders
being issued for Townley's trial by
general court martial to be convened
as speedily as possible.
MURDERED BY NEGROES.
0. A. Boyleston, Citizen of Atlanta, Killed
in Pratt City, Ala.
By Telegraph to the Morning star.
Birmingham, Ala., May 18. G. A.
uoyleston, a citizen or Atlanta, was
shot and killed to-night by highway
robbers, while in the company of J
The killing occurred near the office
of the Pratt Citv Lumber Company,
in Pratt City. The people of the lit
tle mining suburb are aroused to an
alarming state, and if the negroes
who committed the crime are caught
it is altogether probable that a lynch
ing will settle their fate.
Shortlv after the commission of the
deed a large crowd of citizens were in
search of the men who did tne work.
Three suspects have been placed un
Fremont Visitor: Seven hun
dred tons of guano, in excess of last -year's
sales, have been delivered to
the local trade of Fremont, for this
Dnrham Sun: A i number of
negroes have left Durham during the
past few months for different places
throughout the North. They go to.
accept places as house servants, cooks,
Lexington Dispatch: Many
thousands of dollars worth of tim
ber was destroyed by the forest
fire in Healing Springs township some,
days ago. A subscriber . tells us that
at least half of the timber on Flat
Swamp mountain was destroyed.
Edenton Courier: The fish
hatchery will run only a few 'days
longer owing to the fact that all the
seines having "cut off." Nearly one
hundred and fifty millions of eggs
have been hatched this season, seventy
millions having been furnished by Dr.
Capehart from his fishery at Avoca. ..
Smithfield Herald: Early Tues-
day morning a severenail storm passed
across the northern and western parts
of this county. Its path was between
Archer and Earpsboro and above
LeMay. Some places the hail drifted
to a depth of one foot. Next day in
some places in the woods it was two or .
three inches deep. Considerable dam
age was done to corn, tobacco and
cotton. Farmers are planting over
cotton where it was worst.
Mount Olive Advertiser: About
ninety cars of strawberries were ship
ped last Wednesday, and with the ad
vent of seasonable weather that quan
tity increases daily. Berry growers
whose crops were not injured by the
hail reported several days ago that
they "out of the woods" and all
money received hereafter was to go in
bank. Our people are already
asking themselves: "How did we
manage to do business for-so' many
years without a bank?" It pays out
from from $6,000 to $8,000 per day on
strawberry checks alone.
Mount Airy Neios: The pros
pect for abundant crops of all kinds
was never more promising than at ih
present time. There are many
reasons why we feel encouraged to
believe that Mount Airy will spread
and grow more rapidly in future than
in the past. Several new industries
are being established in addition to,
those already in operation, very greatly
increasing the variety of our manufac
tures and swelling to larger propor-0
tions the amount of money brought
into this country annually and dis
tributed among our people.
Clinton Democrat: There was
a severe hail storm last Friday in Clin
ton and section. It seems to have been
worse in some neighborhoods than in
others. Mr. W. J. Weeks, of Keener,
was in Clinton 'on Saturday afternoon
and reported hail in drifts in his neigh
borhood as nearly knee- deep. Out in
the open field he said it fell three inches
deep in a marvelously short time. For
tunately there was little wind in the
storm and the stones were small and
light, so that there was not very great
damage. Early-vegetables and straw
berries, however, were necessarily more
or less injured. In Honeycutt town
ship it was stated that the hail killed
Littleton Reporter: I William
Ridley, a colored barber, of . Weldon,
was accidentally drowned in Koanoke
riyer last night Monday night, lie
was out fishing m the river and fell
overboard, became entangled in the
net and could not be saved. Mr.
T. M. Allen, of Embro. Warren
county, was in town last Saturday.
Mr. Allen informs us that hail was
two and a half feet deep on Friday in
portions of his yard where wind and
water had driven it. When he left
home Saturday at noon it was over
twelve' inches deep. The storm was
very destructive to cotton and other
Carthage Blade: A consum
ing nre occurred -in the rarswooa
community last Friday and consider
able damage was done. It began at
Putnam and went south. The forests
were burned and the church saved
only by heroic efforts. Several small
houses at Parkwood . were burned A
new cottage belonging to J. L. Phil
lips was destroyed. Mr. Joe Cockman
lost a house. B. P. Phillips lost his
dwelling house and all the household
furniture except one bed and all of his
outhouses and fences. A great deal of
fence enclosing various farms was de
stroyed and the crops left without pro
tection. CONDITIONS IN JACKSONVILLE
Sickness in the Burnt District Increasing.
Laborers at Saw Mills Demanding
By TelearaDb to the Moraine star.
Jacksonville, Fla., May 18.
The executive committee of the Jack
sonville Relief Association held its
usual meeting this morning and dis
cussed many matters of importance
which related to the relief of the fire
Father Kenny, of the Information
Bureau, stated that he had a census of
the burnt district taken, and that he
was now prepared to give information
regarding this matter. He stated that
the demand for medicines for the sick
was increasing every day, but that the
bureau was handling the situation
autnorizea - in certain cases wj
secure physicians for the sick
when the city' physician could
not be located. A. W. Cockrell, Jr.,
stated that the physicians of Jackson
ville were doing a noble work and
were giving their services free in
many of the cases, which was most
Father Kenny sprung a sensation
by informing the committee that the
labor unions had issued orders to the
saw mill men that in view of the fact
that the prices on groceries had in
creased, they must demand higher
wages or quit work alter to-day. This
matter was considered serious and the
members present who discussed the
matter said that from all they could
learn no increase in prices "of groceries
had been made. No formal action
Slipped From a Line of Hose and Dashed
to Death at St. Louis.
By Telegraph to the Morning Btar.
St. Louis. May 18. While fighting
a fire which threatened destruction to
the five-story brick building 1101 to
1105 Olive street to-day, Edward
Green, a fireman, slipped from a line
of hose upon which he was descending
from the roof to a ladder and was
dashed to death on the ' stone pave
ment, sixty feet below. A moment
after Green fell to his death lour
other firemen, caught in the same
trap, made the perilous descent on the
hose in safety, amid cheers. The loss
by the fire was $100,000.
"As a rule what are known in
legislation as snakes always add to the
State's expenses." "Hence the-snakes
might very well be looked on aa s
kind of adders."