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PB 1SHKD AT-
WILMINGTON, N. C
$1,00 A YEAR IN ADVANCE.
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the Post Office at 'umtgtoo, N. C,
Second Class Ma ier.l
SUBSCRIPTION P .ICE-.
I be subscription price of the "W-Star Is as
Sialic Copy 1 year, postage paid .$1 CO
" months " " : 80
" 3 months " " 30
The New York Tribune congra
tulates itself on the recent decision
of the v Supreme Court, or rather
part of the Supreme Court, on those
Porto Rico cases, and" takes to itself
no small measure of the glory,
claiming that it was one of the very
few papers in this country which
from the start had the nerve to de
clare for and support the imperial
plan of dealing with our Spanish
acquisitions. It also substantially
claims that it did much to educate
the people up to that and . to win
the five judges who declared in
favor of it over to that aide. Per
haps so. Something did it, and
perhaps they came to their conclus
ions by reading the Tribune's edi
torials, which are about as logical
and convincing as anything these
five judges say, with such a solemn
air of authority.
One reason why, we suppose, the
Tribune took so much interest in
this question and was so anxious
thut the United States hold on to
the Philippines, and some authority
he found which could support them
in holding on, was because Hon.
Wli'uelaw Reid, the chief editor, was
one of the gentlemen commissioned
by President McKinley to make the
Paris treaty and was one of that
same commission which made the
20,000.000 dicker with Spain. - In
the-course of his self congratulatory
editorial, the writer justifies the
dinker thus: "The conclusion '. of
hostilities with Spain left this coun
try to decide the fate of the Philip
pines. Xo other course seemed open
but to take possession of them un
less we would leave them derelict or
remand them back to Spain. The
Tribune was and is convinced that
the United States was bound in Belf
respect, for the sake of the Filipinos
and for the sake of the civilized
world, to assume that trust forced
upon it by circumstances." This is
a defence of the dicker and about
the only defence that can be made,
but it is not a good one, and if it be
a good one, it suggests some inqui
There was no "trust forced on us
by circumstances," and if there had
been we could have discharged that
trust without making a dicker for
those' islands, something which was
not thought of when the commis
Bion arrived at Paris. The Span-
lards had surrendered, their power
was broken and not a vestige of ft
.remained in the Philippines. The
only power there was the Filipino
and the American, but the Span
iards were smart enough to demand
Jnonev compensation for surrender
ing a nominal title and got $20,000,
000. Thi3 wasn't, as thia quotation
from the Tribune says, "to dis-
fhartra a frnat in f Vio Tfilininna nr fcft
the civilized"! world," but to avoid
complications and possible war with
other powers. Judge Day, presi
dent of that commission, gave that
away in an interview shortly after
his return, and exploded this
trumpered up defence by the Trib
But assuming it to be the true
reason, why should we take so
mufh interest in the Filipinos as
to pay 20,000,000 for the land they.
lived on 't Were we under any ob
ligations to them? JIad we any
understanding with them that made
ltrtmperative in us to take so much
interest in . them? Some say they
were our allies, and that we were
"bound in honor to stand by them
and help them out in .their fight for
independence, and that when we
stole a march on them and traded
with Spain we didn't do the fair
thing nor show the right kind of
interest in them. The imperialists
gicc VY1CI1 LIlo J.TIUWIIV UCUJ-
that they were our allies or that we
"ere under any obligations to them,
mi for that reason we were not
bound to consult with them as to
'he trade with Spain, or about any -
thing elafi. Tf thorn wan nnnn-nner.
uon for a common object and no
tual understanding between our
epresentatives and the repre-
eatatives of the Filipinos, then
re wa3 no reason why we should
iaKe any particular interest in them
mat part of the Tribune's de-
ce amounts to notbimr
"6 were tinder
"for sake of the civilized world" to
make that trade and buy the sover
eignty such as Spain had to sell.
The civilized world had nothing to
do with pur making that trade, for
we could have done all the civil
ized world needed or expected by
acting jointly with the representa
tives of the Filipinos and accepting
the transferred sovereignty in their
name, and then assisting them to
establish a government of their
own, for which we would stand
sponsor before the world and over
which we would exercise a guar
dianship sufficient to prevent ag
gression by other nations or tribal
conflicts that might disturb the
peaco of the islands. All this could
have been done with the full con
sent and co-operation of those peo
ple, and that would have discharged
our trust to the civilized world.
We could have done with them sub
stantially what we have done with
the Cubans and wound the business
up with a sort of catch job like
the Piatt amendment, which would
have given us all we wanted and vir
tual control of the whole archipel-
1AlJ 11 a
ago, ana mat witnout paying any
$u,uuu,uuu oonus to Spain, or
spending ,any $200,000,000 in the
effort to establish this "trust for
tho sake of the Filipinos" (who do
not seem to nave appreciated our
benevolent intent), or "for the sake
of the civilized world," which doesn't
care a continental about it. unless
some Of them have, traders in the
islands, who might suffer if any
rackets took place.
No one reading the Tribune would
ever suppose that we were actuated
by anything like selfishness in mak
ing that grab, but if there hadn't
been a pretty strong conviction that
the grab would "pay" we would very
soon have found a way to settle the
question as far as the civilized
world and the Filipinos goes.
IS THIS A 8UBTEEFUGE ?
Mr." McKinley 's Cabinet has de
clined to accept the constitution
adopted by the Cuban Convention
on the ground that it was adopted
with certain interpretations put
upon the Piatt amendment and that
it must come with the Piatt amend
ment straight, without any inter
pretations. These interpretations
were based upon the explanations
made by Secretary Root to the
Cuban commission which visited
Washington, while now it is con
tended that no officer of the Gov
ernment has any authority to inter
pret an act of Congress, that this
must be done by the Supreme Court
of the United States. That's the
contention of Senators Piatt and
bpooner, who are quoted as saying
in private that Secretary Root went
too fair and said more than he had
any right to say to these commis
sioners, who went back to Havana
with these assurances and on the
strength of them secured votes
enough to adopt the constitution
with the Piatt amendment by a ma
jority of one.
Suppose Secretary Root did say
too much to these commissioners,
didn't the President and the mem
bers of the Cabinet know what he
fold them? Didn't they have inter
views with the President, and were
thev not permitted to go home
after"having been dined and wined,
with the full belief that they under
stood what the clauses in this
amendment meant? Why, if all this
business and explaining didn't mean
anything and why, if nobody had
any right to explain, was not that
discovery made before or when these
commissioners were in Washington,
and all this disgusting tomfoolery
prevented? Didn't Secretary Root
and the President of the United
States know what they were doing
when they were talking to these
commissioners and smoothing the
way for the adoption of the Piatt
amendment? Now it seems they
didn't know what they were doing,
and that the convention must un
do that part of its work, do it over
again and swallow the amendment
just as it came from Congress, with
out any explanations. This looks
like mere quibbling and seeking a
a pretence to hold on to Cuba.
Some hustling fellows up North
somewhere, who keep the location
of their plant a secret, are compet
ing with the U. S. Government in
the manufacture of pennies. As the
Government makes a profit of $1.05
a pound on all the pennies it turns
out. there is something in tho busi
ness 'to invite competition.
In prospecting for coal in Wash
ington county, Ala., one of Jthe
prospectors struck a vein of asphal-
tum three and a half feet thick of a
1 good commercial quality. When
I t.TiAV-at.ai t. tm. hunting things down
in that country if they don t
one thing they find another.
Notwithstanding the recent de-
I cision of the Snpreme Court, Secre
tary Oage says he will go right on
collecting duties on Philippine im
ports as usual. Later on he will
I have togive 'em all back.
DECLINED TO ACCEPT.
The probabilities are that Gover
nor McSweeney anticipated a "hot
time in the old town" which he de
sired to prevent by returning to
Senators Tillman and McLaurin tho
resignations which they had sent
him. He gives that as the reason
why he returned the resignations,
and the probabilities are that in
doing so he is in accord with the
sentiments of many people in the
State- who regard a heated cam
paign, which would he to a great
extent personal, a disturbing factor,
proaacuve at mis time oi more
3 A" 11 . ! m-
harm than good." There had been
but one joint meeting so far, but
the contest had already reached the
"malicious lie" and ub&&e lander"
stage, which was pretty warm for a
beginning and somewhat indicative
of the ardor that might be developed
as the principals and their adhe
rents warmed up to their work.
senator McLaurin, who says he
has been anxious to resign for some
time, seems to take the Governor's
action resignedly and will withdraw
his resignation if the Governor re
quests it, while Senator Tillman,
who wasn't at all anxious to resign,
is hot under the collar and says that
theGovernor has nothing to say about
it, that his only business in the pre
mises is to forward the resigna
tions to the president of the Senate.
However this may be the matter
will stand statu quo for some
time, the campaign will be post
poned until cool weather in the
Fall, and then likely each gentle
man will run his own campaign.
The impression prevails that the
Indian is no joker, but one who
escaped from a sheriff in New Mex
ico, sent word by a messenger
that if he would send him the key
of the handcuffs he wore he would
return the handcuffs. The sheriff
sent the key.
The champion juvenile burglar in
this country operates in Mount
Vernon, N. Y. He is 13 years old
and within two years has burglar
ized eight stores. He took to
dime novels, and then to burglar
izing, lie will take a rest now un
til he gets out of jail.
rne on tever has broken out in
Washington county, Ala., and land
sells high. - The remarkable thing
about this is that the fever was
caused by an old well sunk three
years ago, from which oil is now
running into a nearby creek. -
Those judges who discovered that
the Territories belong to and are
appurtenances of the United States,
but not part of them, should start
out and hunt up the man who first
discovered McKinley as a Presiden
There were 455 cases of typhoid
fever and 54 deaths in New Haven,
in April. The cause was traced to
the impure water supply. Then
people began to boil the water and
the doctors and undertakers got a
Oil gushers are becoming the or
der of the day now. A big spouter
which throws a six inch stream 100
feet in the air, was ''brought in "on
Bass Island, in Lake Erie, a few
miles North of Sandusky, Ohio, a
few days ago.
Uur .British cousins are rejoicing
that the United States are now an
"empire" and can boast subjects as
well as citizens. We are coming
right along on the imperial line.
A Northern astronomer has dis
covered snow on the moon. But
they aren't having hail storms, floods
and all that kind of thing like we
are down here.
EXCURSION BY RED MEN.
They Will Go On Fourth of July Hunt to
Arrangements are already under
way for a Glorious Fourth at Carolina
Beach. This year the celebration at
this popular resort will be under the
ausnices of Evota Tribe No. 5, Im
proved Order of Bed Men, of this city,
which alone assures success. The
sturdy men of the woods are already
on the warpath, mapping out an ele
gant programme, which, taken in con
nection with the many attractions of
the beach and the always delightful
trips on the steamer Wilmington, will
make the occasion one unsurpassable
Thelsreneral committee, Messrs. Wm.
Sheehan, M. E. Keathley and James
H. Cowan, appointed by Eyota Tribe
at its last meeting, have concluded all
preliminary arrangements, , including
the engagement of a fine band, and at
the next meetinc Friday night, the
various sub-committees will be ap
pointed and put.immediately to work.
Royall Hearing Continued.
The hearing in the matter of J. H.
Royall, of Clinton, bankrupt, before
Referee Samuel H. .MacRae at 10
o'clock yesterday morning, was post
poned until June 22d on account of
the illness of Judge W. R. Allen, of
Goldsboro, Mr. RoyalPa chief counsel.
WILMINGTON, N. C,
Several thousand Georgia
negroes are "honoring" the memory
of the federal dead at Andersonville
in 4he usual way to-day by indulg
ing in a howling drunk and killing
a few of themselves. To witness
the observance of one memorial day
at Andersonville would be a great
educator for the average northerner.
ATtUnta News, Dcm.
- The disagreeable discussion
over the Canteen, the abolition of
of the Canteen and the deplorable
results that have followed it, are all
due to the fact that Congressmen
ignored their obligations to the.
people who elected them, and who
want all such questions settled by
the rules of common sense, and not
to satisfy the clamor of an insignifi
cant lot of male fanatics in leaeue
with a few hysterical women utterly
ignorant of the subject. Brooklyn
Ths self-congratulation of
the Imperialists over the United
States Supreme Court decisions are
in some respects premature. If a
military illustration can be properly
applied to so grave a judicial matter,
the position of the Imperialists and
their opponents under these Porto
Rico decisions is in the nature of a
drawn battle. What is clear is that
a mutilated Constitution does follow
the flag until Congress shall have
determined to the contrary. In the
choice of the next Congress the
people will have a chance to put
their own construction on the Con
stitution. Phil. Record Dcm.
BACK FROM THE REUNION.
Capt. Metts Speaks Most Enthusiastically
of Trip to Memphis Greetings Prom
Capt. Jamesl. Metts returned yes-
day via the Seaboard Air Line from
Memphis, Tentfi) where he attended
the Confederate Reunion as a dele
gate from Cape Fear Camp No. 254,
U. C V., and as a representative of
the Third North Carolina Infantry
Association, the oldest organization
of veterans of either side in the late
Civil War. Capt. Metts speaks most
enthusiastically of his trip to Mem
phis and relates many incidents of
great interest to veterans. The follow
ing is a copy of the greetings carried
to the reunion by Capt. Metts from
the Infantry Association.
Third N. O. Infantry Ass'n,
Wilmington, N C, May 16. )
Comrade Confederate Veterans.
Greetiny: This certifies you that our
valued secretary and esteemed mem
ber, Comrade Capt. James I. Metts, is
authorized and delegated, proper time
and opportunity offering, to extend
in our name and behalf to all worthy
Confederate soldiers, sailors and mar
iners the right hand of good fellow
ship and the soldier pledge that tho'
t;me will thin our ranks, death only
shall chill the brotherly greeting of
this, the oldest Confederate Veteran
Association, organized February 2d,
lobb, since when their annual re
unions, held at nrst armed in secrecy.
have never been omitted, and tho'
the individuals are members of the
U. C. V. camps of their neighbor
hoods, they preserve this as a distinct
organization cherishing a justifiable
pride in being first in a movement
whose action has proclaimed to the
worm and furnished a record lor our
children of the trials, privations and
triumphs of those who bore the battle
nag of our glorious Confederacy.
Wm. L. DeKosset, President.
Jno. L. Cantwell, Secretary pro tern,
Death of Mrs. Benson.
The Star notes with regret the
death of Mrs. Mary R. Benson, wife
of Mr. D. J. Benson, the well known
contractor, which occurred after a two
months illness from pneumonia at the
family home No. 910 South Second
street, yesterday afternoon at 3:15
o'clock. She was aged 50 years, 7
monhs and 28 days. She leaves to
mourn her loss besides the sorrowing
.husband, one son, Joe Benson, aged
about 17 years. The funeral will be
conducted by Rev. Father C. Dennen
from St. Thomas' church this after
noon at 4 o'clock with interment in
the Catholic cemetery.
Rev. Dr. A. D. McCIure.
Friends of Rev. A. D. McCIure re
joiced yesterday at the announcement
that the degree of Doctor, of Divinity
had been conferred upon him by Dav
idson College. Kev. Mr. McUlure is
pastor of St. Andrew's Presbyterian
churcb, this city, and is deservedly one
of the most popular ministers in the
citv. irrespective of denomination. He
is not an alumnus of Davidson Col"
lege and for that reason the compli
ment is all the more appreciated py
Mr. McCIure and his numerous friends.
Harbor Master's Report.
The Harbor Master's report for the
month of May shows arrivals of 19
vessels of 90 tons and over at this
port. The combined tonnage was
16,884 and the vessels were divided as
follows, all of them being American
except the two barques: Steamships
10, tonnage 12,289; barges 1, tonnage
1,600: schooners 6, tonnage 1,778;
barques 2, tonnage 1,217. The report
shows a slight increase in shipping
over that of the same month last year.
Capt. Mclihenny's Successor.
The Star learns that Mr. W. T. Old,
of Elizabeth City, N. C, will likely
succeed Capt. H. H. Mcllhenny as
commander of the N. C. Naval Brig
gade. He is next in rank to Capt.
Mcllhenny and it is said to be a cus
tom to make appointments to succeed
with regard to the line of promotion.
Capt. Mclihenny's successor will be
named by Adjutant General Royster.
The Bureau of Navigation, Wash
ington, reports 1,024 steam and sail
vessels, of 359,789 gross tons, built m
the United States and officially regis
tered during the eleven months pre
ceding June 1st.
FRIDAY, JUNE 7, 1901.
TUG BUCK LIBELLED.
River Steamboat Taken Into
Keeping by Deputy United -States
UNDER LIBEL PROCEEDINGS.
Claim Saed for by Mr. C. M. Whlllock.
Owner of Tat Announces That He
Will Sue for Damages for Un
Capt. W. H. Ward, owner and mas
ter of the steam tug Buck, was yester
day served with notice by Deputy U.
S. Marshal Knox that his vessel had
been libelled for a claim filed in the
office of the United States Court clerk
by Mr. C. M. Whitlock, proprietor of
Whitlock's Machine Shops, this city.
The amoont of the claim is $68, and
is for a propeller wheel ordered from
a Milwaukee house by Mr. Whitlock
about two years ago, and which Cap
tain Ward says he didn't accept on
account of its not having come up to
contract in the way of delivery, etc.
Trie vessel is tied up at the foot of
Dock street with a watchman aboard
and is in charge of the deputy
marshal. The libel proceedings were
instituted through Messrs. Russell &
Gore, attorneys for Mr. Whitlock.
The boat is just off the ways at
Skinner's ship yard, where it received
a complete overhauling preparatory to
taking up the contract for carrying
the mail between Southport and Wil
mington on June 1st. Capt. Ward
says ne nas made arrangements to
have Capt. Harper continue his con
tract a day longer on the Wilmington
and that he will give bond and have
his vessel released by Monday so that
he can take up the contract on his own
He also said last night that he had
retained Messrs. Empie & Empie and
A. J. Marshall, Esq., and would
at once institute a damage suit against
Mr. Whitlock for the alleged unlaw
ful detention of his boat The
amount asked for, he said, would be
$10,000. He claims that inasmuch as
the wheel did not arrive as per con
tract, he owes Mr. Whitlock nothing
and he has no right to detain the boat.
Capt. W. EL Ward, owner of the
steamer tug Buck, yesterday gave
bond in the sum of $175, with Mr. T.
J Gore as surety, and his vessel was
released from the libel proceeding in
stituted against it day before ye&ter
day by Mr. C. M. Whitlock. The
Buck will leave at 8 A. M. to take an
excursion party to the upper bridge
over Town Creek.
State Guard Encampment.
It was learned yesterday from a
member of the Governor's staff that it
would likely be the last of the present
or possibly the first of next week
before a decision would be announced
as to the site for the State Guard En
campment to be held in July. Bates
are yet to be secured from the rail
roads and there are other' details of
the arrangements to be perfected, the
Star is informed, before public notice
will be .given of the placa for the
gathering of the militia.
COTTON R0P CONDITIONS.
Average Lowest In Twenty Years Total
Area PlantedIncrease In Acreage
. Compared With Last Year.
By Teiegrapb to the Morning Star.
Washington, May 31. The statis
tusian of the Department of Agricul
ture estimates the total area planted
in cotton at 27,532,000 acres, an in
crease of 2,111,000 acres, or 8.3 per
cent, over the acreage planted last
year, and of 2,498,000 acres or 10 per
. A ,1 I
cent, over me acreage actually .pick
ed. The increase in States where the
area planted and that picked last year
were practically the same is iu per
cent, in North Carolina, Florida and
Arkansas: 9 in Georgia and Louis
iana: 7 in South Carolina; 14 in Ten
nessee; 25 in Oklahoma; 20 m Indian
Territory; 18 in Virginia, and 12 in
Missouri, in Aiaoama tne increase is
estimated at 9 per cent, over the acre-
acre planted last year and 12 per cent.
over that picked: in Mississippi at 2
per cent, over that planted and 7.9 per
cent, over that picked, and in Texas
at 8 per cent, over that planted and 10
per cent, over that picked.
The average condition of the grow
ing crop is 81.5 as compared with 82.5
on June 1st pf last year; 85.7 at the
corresponding date in 1899, and 86.4
the mean of the June averages of the
last ten vears. A condition of 81.5 is,
with one exception, the lowest June
condition in twentv vears.
The condition bv States is as fol
lows: North Carolina, 87; South Car
olina, 80: Georgia, 80; Florida, 80;
Alabama, 76: Mississippi. 82; Louis
iana. 80: Texas. 84: Arkansas. 81: Ten
nessee, 78; Oklahoma, 88; Indian Ter
Coroner's Investigation of the Hanging of
Pive Men at Lookout.
By Telegraph to the Mornmsc 8tar.
Bibber. Cal.. June 1. The coro
ner's jury to-day concluded its inves
tigation of the lynching of the five
men at Lookout yesterday morning
. and rendered a verdict that the men
were haneed bv unknown persons.
The testimony at the inquest given
by the guards of the prisonere was to
the effect that that the mob came upon
them so silently that they heard noth
ing until the door of the office opened.
Guns were immediately pointed at the
officers, the prisoners secured, taken to
the bridge and hanged. The mob then
dispersed as silently and as quickly as
it bad come. The men all had burlap
sacks over their heads. In twenty-five
minutes from the time they entered
the hotel they had secured the prison
ers and left with them. In four min
utes more the men were hanging un
der the two bridges.
QATTIS-KILGO LIBEL CASE.
New Trial Granted by the Supreme Court.
The Naval Brigade.
Special Star Telegram.
Raleigh, N. C , May 30. Adjutant
General Royster to-day accepted the
resignation of. Captain H. H. Mcll-
herny. of Wilmington, as commander
of the Naval Brigade, to take effect
June 10th. The appointment of a
successor is under advisement. Pres
sing business causes Mr. Mclihenny's
The Supreme Court has handed
down au opinion granting a new trial
in the famous Gattis Kilgo libel suit,
in which a verdict for twenty thout
sand dollars in favor of the plaintiff
was ellowed by the jury in the trial at
Oxford some months ago. Opinion
of the court is unanimous, though
Justice Clark took no part.
Sanford Express: The farmers
are in tne dumps over tbeir neavv
losses by last week's floods. The grass
is about to take all that was left.
Fay etteville Observer: Mr. W.
H. Carver, formerly of this county,
acd for the past fifteen years a large
merchant at Bed Springs, died at thEt
Carthage Blade: Mr. J. J.
Richardson, a leading farmer of the
Curriesville neighborhood, was in
town Saturday, and in speaking of the
hindrance of hawks to the poultry
business of the county, said that since
last Spring one year ago he had caught
on his plantation twenty hawks in
traps. : The traps are ordinary steel
traps, which were nailed to the tops of
Mount Airy News: The farm
ers tell us wheat, rye and oats are do
ing well and that a good yield is look
ed for. Some few farmers fear wheat
will not be well filled. We drop
ped in at the new lounge factory this
weak and found everybody busy. Tne
work compares favorably with that
turned out by the Northern factories.
The upholstering as well as the other
work is first class.
Mount Olive Advertiser: The
strawberry business is about at an end
for this season. The largest shipment
from Mount Olive in one day was
nineteen cars. Theheaviest shipment
last year was twenty-two cars. There
has never been more than two consecu
tive days of good strawberry weather
this season, but In spite of bail and
rain our growers have shipped almost
as many crates as last year. . Prices, as
a rule, have been satisfactory.
Tarboro Southerner: The esti
mate of the submerged lands in cul
tivation on Tar river in tnis county is
placed at 2,000 to 2,500 acres. Not
all tha crops were ruined, but very
much of them. Where oats were
covered the loss is almost complete.
Corn is not quite so bad, but from one
third to one half is killed or so dis
eased that it will not nroduce. Cot
ton is believed . to nave tared some
better. The damage sustained is
conjectural, but will mount up into
the thousands of dollars without any
close calculation. 1
Winston dentinal: Some two
years ago W. B. Stancil, superinten
dent of a convict camp near Charlotte,
received notice that Frank Kozzeli, a
negro who bad been sent to bis camp
to serve a period of three years and
who had escaped, was in a certain
neighborhood in Gaston county. He
went at once to Gaston (without a
warrant) went to the house where the
negro was. The negro ran wben ne
saw Stancil. Stancil pursued and fired
twice, inflicting wounds from which
the negro died next day. His trial
resulted in a sentence of four years on
the road. Stancil appealed to the
Supreme court which has just affirmed
the sentence. A petition has been
forwarded the governor for Stancil's
pardon. The case is somewhat similar
to the Pink Fulton case.
Charlotte Observer: Prof. J.
J. Britt. cashier in Collector Harkins'
office, returned to Asheville Tuesday
from Bakeroville, where he went
when the first reports came of the
flood in Mitchell county. Flood is
the only word which can be used in
the effort to give anything like an
adequate description of that awful in
undatioo, for certainly it was no mere
"freshet." Prof. Britt says that no
newspaper report sent out so far tells
half the story, and that even yet the
full extent of the devastation is not
known, for no communication has
been had with a number of places.
such as Montezuma and Linville. So
far there is only one mill standing
in the county, and many estimate that
more than 200 homes have been
washed away. But still the greatest
loss will be suffered by the farmers
Along (Jane creek a stream which is
ordinarily about 30 feet wide, and
which wrought such destruction at
Bakersville, there is one continuous
landslide for miles and miles. Great
sections of hills gave way and covered
the hne rich bottom lands with poor
dirt, rock, logs and other debris. Prof.
Britt had a library which he valued
very highly. Every volume disap
peared with his home.
THE CUBAN SITUATION.
United States Will Remain in Control Until
the Piatt Amendment Has Been
By Telegraph to the Morning Star.
Washington, June 1. It is offi
cially stated that the United States
will remain in control in Cuba until
the Piatt amendment has been "sub
stantially adopted." This was made
known to General Wood last Tuesday
by Secretary Root and his action has
been approved by the President. Sec
retary Root was with the President
for about an hour and a- half to-day.
discussing with him the cablegram
which had been prepared to be sent to
GenaralWood, at Havana, relating
to the action of this government on
the Cuban constitution. The message
is long and will be forwarded to Gen
eral Wood with the idea of having
him communicate it to the constitu
tional convention. It will not be
made public at this time and probably
not until the convention takes action
Secretary Root has received no official
copy of the Unban constitution as
adopted, the copy received being fur
nished by General Wood and conse
quently the action taken now is con
sidered of the same unofficial charac
ter, but indicates the determination of
this government to reject the constitu
tion in its present form.
Charges That Gov. McSweeney
Transcended Authority in
REASONS FOR HIS ACTION.
Governor Sharply Criticised Influenced
by Woald-be Aspirants Not Ready to
Enter the Contest Claims He
Represents the People
fiy Telegraph to the Morning Bwr.
Columbia, 8. C, June 1. Senator
Tillman has declined to withdraw his
resignation, and charges that Governor
McSweeney transcended his authority
in sending the resignations back to the
Senators. Senator Tillman has written
aii open letter, which has not reached
the Governor yet, in which he says, in
Your Excellency of course has the
right, and it is entirely proper, to re
turn mv resignat'on and advise more
serious consideration. In declining to
accept, lam sure you have transcended
your authority. It will take very little
investigation and reflection to con
vince you of this, iou cannot compel
a member of the United States Senate
to hold his commission and exercise
the functions of that office if he
chooses to surrender it. My action in
tendering my resignation, while hasty,
was not ill advised, and I am hrmly
convinced of the wisdom of my course
"Personally, I bad nothing to gam
and everything to lose and I do not
feel the need of further instructions
or vindication, because I had just been
re-elected by the people with practi
cal unanimity. I offered to resign in
order to bring about the resignation of
my colleague and thus put us on a
level, with equal rights, to go before
the people and ask an endorsement of
our respective courses. It is some
what remarkable that you should ask
the Senators who have resigned to take
time to consider, when you yourself
are reported to be ready to appoint
two Senators in 'two minutes and a
half after receiving an immediate re
Your conception or tne omce oi
Senator and its powers can be best
understood by the ease with which
. . . 1 1 nil n "V i
vou tbmk vou could mi it. it was
not my fault that an immediate resig
nation was not sent you. You declare
that the 'people are entitled to one
year of peace and freedom' from polit
ical battles and bitterness. 1 am ready
to acknowledge that this is very de
sirable, but our race has ever thought
war preferable to dishonor, and unless
I am verv much deceived a large ma
jority of the people of South Carolina
would be giaa oi an opportunity to
have those principles and policies
which tbev support loyally represent
ed in the Congress of the United
'I am aware that there is some
strong opposition in certain quarters
to a campaign in this on: year' to nil
two vacancies in the Senate. Many
unthinking citizens do not Know its
importance. Many would be as
pirants are not just ready for various
reasons to enter the contest brought on
so unexpectedly : it is not convenient
or suitable, and. therefore, they have,
no doubt importuned your Excellency
to await their convenience, claiming
that it is for the public welfare.
"On the other hand, it migbt be re
marked that the session of Congress
beginning next December marks an
era in the history of our republic, and
the patriots who will then inaugurate
a strueele for the restoration of the old
landmarks and the preservation of our
free institutions, will need every voice
and every vote that can be had. The
fact that the Republicans have a good
maiority in the Senate does not alter
tne case in tne leasi. iao recent deci
sion of the Supreme Court promulgat
. . . ... i a mi . -1 s
ing the damnable doctrine that this
republic, whose bed-rock principle
is the 'consent of the governed,' can
acauire bv conquest or purchase ter
ritories and peoples to be controlled
and taxed without representation.
through 'Congressional absolutism,'
must be met and exposed, and
plans must be laid for a battle to the
death by the lovers of -Democracy
and liberty aeainst this heresy.
"I claim to represent the people and
to voice their wishes. The result of
the Gaffney meeting had brought
Senator McLaurin within reach of his
constituents and it was to obtain this
answer at once that prompted my con
duct at Gaffney; . Your Excellency's
action gives him a loop-hole and the
censure or blame must rest where it
"There is nothing personal in my
attitude towards Senator McLaurin
Nothing but a sense of duty forces me
to the course I have pursued. Mate
rial prosperity and progress may be
worth more than strict - adherence to
principle, and loyalty to trust, but I
cannot see it in that light.
"Holding this view, I decline for the
present to withdraw my resignation.
It was tendered in order to secure the
resignation of Senator McLaurin and
will not be withdrawn until he shall
have shown his unwillingness "to let
our people pass upon his conduct this
year instead of next, lie declares in
his latest interview that he 'will speak
on such invitations as he aid at Gait
ney when possible, and will not con
sent to any interference by Senator
Tillman or anybody else.' Whether
or not Mr. McLaurin will be allowed
to do this remains to be seen. If the
people have a right to hear him, the
same people have a right to hear me
and others. He no longer seems to
have anxiety about his health, and if
allowed to speak by himself rather en
joys the prospect."
Plans for Scientific Research Into Prob
lems of Medicine and Hygiene.
By Telegraph to the Horning star.
New York, June 1. Having con
ferred with many-of the most eminent
pathologists in this country as to the
best means of setting on foot an original
scientific research into the problems of
medicine and bygiene, John Rocke
feller has added to his already large
list of benefactions.
Mr. Rockefeller has placed at
the disposal of a body of .promi
not medical men $200,000, to be
available for immediate expenditure
by an association incorporated under
the name of "The Rockefeller Institute
for Medical Research." The home of
this institute,, with such laboratories.
staff and equipments as may be found
necessary, will be located in this city.
FIFTEEN FISHERMEN MISSING
Supposed to Have Been Drowned in a
Wild Squall Off he Coast of
Charleston, S. C.
By Telegraph to the Mernmg Star.
Chaelkston, S. C.rJune 1. The
negro fishermen of Charleston, every
clear day, except Sundays, sail beyond
the bar, many of them. out of sight of
land, to catch fish for this and neigh
boring markets. Their boats are .
small cat-rigged craft, Which impress
the stranger as unsafe for a trip in the
inner harbor. -
Fifteen- fishermen are supposed to
have been drowned in a wild squall
which blew up yesterday afternoon
while the mosquito fleet of fishing
boats were anchored off the "Eastern
Patches." There were eight boats '
fishing at the time. The storm scat
tered theni to the four winds and all
save three were accounted for to
night. The missing boats were the
Anna Julia, tbe Messenger Hoy and
the Knife. There were fifteen men on
the three boats. When the supposed
disaster was reported the revenue cut
ter .Forward went to sea and skirted
for thirty miles around the lightship,
but came back with the report that not
a 6lgn of life or a disabled boat oould
All hope for the safety of the fisher
men was abandoned at oaric to aay
when the cutter got into port with
the bad news. It was thought during
the day that the boats had drifted to
places of shelter, but the failure of
the government vessel to nnd a trace
of their whereabouts convinced the
crowd of watchers on the wharves
that the men were dead.
Capt Joe Watkins, of the Messen
ger Boy, was the only white skipper
supposed to have perished.
Relatives of many of Die hsbernien
wait to night for news fmm the sea.
They cannot believe that so many vic
tims would be called in one storm,
and in spite of the little hope held out -
they wait and believe that the lost
will be found. Experienced skipper?,
however, say that there is not one
chance in a hundred that the fifteen
CLAIMED HE WAS ROBBED.
Story Told In Seattle by Qeorje Mnlll-
gan, of Liberal, Kansas, En Route"
By Telegraph to tne Morning Btar.
Seattle, Wash., June 1. George
Mulligan, of Liberal, Kas., who says
he is president of the Eagle City Min
ing and Exploration Company, claims
that while in this city awaiting the
sailing of a vessel for the Yukon he
was robbed of $17,000. He says he
was drawn into a dark alley by two
men as he was passing down a bright
ly lighted street, sand bagged and
robbed of the money by the ripping
open of his shirt, underneath which
the money was concealed. He re
ported his loss to the police. Chief
of Police Meredith found $13,500 of
the alleged stolen money in the lining
of Mulligan's overcoat. Mullieran
claims he was playing a joke on nis
men. Mulligan is not under arrest.
but is not allowed to leave the police
station. The police do not believe his
Liberal, Kas.. June 1. George
Mulligan left here last Saturday with
a company of thirty four young men,
bound for tbe Klondike gold nelds.
He was president of the Eagle City
Placer Mining Company, made up of
Liberal men, and the money alleged
to be lost was principally that paid by
the men in the company. " Each man,
before leaving here, paid Mulligan
$600, for which he was to furnish all
expenses to Hiagle Uity and provi
sions for one year.
A KANSAS TRAGEDY.
Mutilated Body of a Woman Found lo a
Shallow Trench Near Her Home.
Her Husband Missing.
By Telegrapn to the Morning Btar.
Holton, Kas., June 1. In a shal
low trench, less than one hundred
yards from her home, one mile north
of Holton, the mutilated body of Mrs.
W. H. Klensmire, was found to day.
On Saturday. May 19th. the children
of the family were absent. When they
returned they say their father informed
them the mother had gone to Texas on
a visit. Later Klensmire leftC ostensi
bly for Texas. Yesterday thechildren
received a telegram saying that their
mother bad died from yellow fever,
and had been buried in Texas.) The
discovery of her body has created in
tense excitement. - s
Topeka, Kas., June V- Paul
Swetlie, brother of Mrs. Klensmire,
was murdered in 1892 and the manner
of his death was never explained. He
carried $80,000 life insurance. The
beneficiaries were Mr. and Mrs. Klens
mire. Fart o' the insurance was con
tested and a verdict for $38,000 was
secured in favor of the estate in the
United States Circuit Court. The case
was appealed and was argued at St.
Paul yesterday. The whereabouts of
the corpse of Mrs. Klensmire was made
known by dogs.
ELECTIONS IN CUBAN TOWNS.
General Victory for the Nationalists.
Bitterness Against Americans The
By Cable to the Morning Star. '
Havana, June 1. The. press de
plores the misunderstanding with the
Washington government" but gen
erally admits the possibility of a
wrong construction being put upon
the amendment by the explanations
and interpretations, and that it will
be best for the convention to take the
question up immediately and accept
the amendment as passed by Congress.
Santiago de Cuba, June 1. The
reports from outside municipalities
show a general victory for the Nation
alists, but in tbe city both parties
claim to have won. The Republicans
showed unexpected strength, though
probably - not enough to elect
their candidate's. The Nationalists
make charges of illegal voting.
The streets were filled with frenzied
partisans, cheering their favorite can
didates. Over one hundredarrestswere
made during the day, but there was
no serious disorder, though one small
riot occurred in front of the jail. The
rioters, however, were quickly dis
persed by a charge of twenty of the
rural police. -
Considerable bitterness is expressed
against the American supervision of
the municipal elections.
The statement of the associated
banks for the five business days end
ing yesterday shows: Loans. $866.-
$952,898,200; increase, $11,281,300. Cir
culation, $31,093,600; decrease, $11,"
100. Legal tenders, $7,ioa,wu, Int
erBase $1,661,600. Specie, $181,190,000;
increase, $1,122,800. Reserve, $259,-?
352,600; increase, $2,784,400. L