North Carolina Newspapers

    The Mails.—We learn from the Richmond
Whig that the Postmaster General has discon
tinued the night mail from Washington South,
thus giving but one mail a day South of Wash
ington, whilst there are two a day North. This
will throw our mails a day behind, and often
The Fartt Movement at Raleigh.—We ! Hawks’s History of North Carolina.—
{lavc undoubted authority for contradicting the We are happy to state, that the 1st volume of
report that the democratic Legislative caucus had this work is nearly completed—the whole having
resolved to make a change in the 5th and 6th pas.sed through the printers’ hands. It is a
rongressional districts so as to make Puryear’s small volume, containing only 254 pages, octavo
t democratic. Wo are glad to hear it; and —small for the reason stated in the Prcface,
gliui to hear that the more respectable portion of which, with the Dedication, we give below. Sub- i two days, for under the present wrctched man-
tbf democratic party scout the bill, which is sequent volumes will probably contain 500 or i accment of the Post Office Department they are
doubtless a private movement of some aspiring 600 pages, and the price be proportioned to the ' generally a day behind time.
democrat who wishes to succeed Mr. Purycar in | size. j No reason is assigned for the change.
Coni'ress. I'lr. H. W. Horne, the State agent, and his ^ ~ —- -
, ,, , I CoNr.RESs.—On Friday, as the House was
We wish we could also contradict the state- assistants, with specimen copies, will commouce I , , i i i i ,
, , . „ . ., . , , about to adjourn, Mr. Kelsey said that the Wash-
ment that the caucus had nominated a ticket of, the canvass for subscribers in a few days.
(leiU'HTats to fill the five vacancies in the Hoard The Dedication is as follows:
of Trustees of the University. But that is un-
il.nibti'dly true. And it is a a melancholy truth.
The Judiciary and Public Education should be
kept aloof from party. Fortunately we have but
one pufti/ Judge in North Carolina, (Judge Saun
ders,) and he will quit the liench as soon as he
lati a better office. And then we pray the
(loiuooracy, for their own sakes as well as for the
honor and welfare of the good old State, never
to put another such partizan in office. Let us
have pure and upright Judges, if nothing else is
TO the
NATIVES OF NORTH CAROLINA;
^ AS WKLL
TO Tilt; inVKLLKRS AT IIOMK TO TlIK DISPKRSKI* AUBO.M);
TO A L L ALIKE,
ington correspondent of the N. York Times had
made a charge of bribery and corruption on mem
bers of the House and others, which demanded
investigation, and submitted a resolution to ap
point a committee of live, with power to send
for persons and papers.
Mr Paine, of N. (^, said he had knowledge of
WHKTIIKU WlTlllR OU WITMiH T IIKll DORllKH-i; ) ’ ’ “
THIS ATTKMI'T TO 1-iuNK.uvF. TUF sT(.«Y OK Tiiv.iu ('niu>- attempt having been made by one mcm-
HOOD’s nOMK IS AKFI'.OTHtXATKl.Y IXSCUIHKK,
pure.
And then as to the University. It is an In-
••titution belonging to the whole State, not to a
party; and if it is desirable that all parties should
BY TllKlK CUVNTllVMAN,
The Author.
PREFACE.
fn the execution of a purpose long and warmly
cherished, the author and compiler of this volume
offersj to his countrymen, with all humility, this
commencement of the history of their native
State, North Carolina. The volume is complete
in itself, as furnishing the most full account that
patronise it by sending their sons to be educated existing materials at this day afford of the first
there, it must not fall into party management, attempts at colonization on our shores. Tlie po
und be controlled by partizans, for partv purposes. riod embraced extends from the year 15S4 to
The Standard defends the caucus action by the ^ five voyages made under
^ . /. 1 , • , , charter to Sir \\ alter Rab igh. It is a dis-
plea of saving of time of the Legislature, and ' portion of our history, an isolated chapter,
, iiise(iuent expense. But it is “a penny wise having little connection with what is to follow:
and pound foolish” policy that would destroy the the failure of all the efforts made under
State character of the University and convert it
iuto a party institution. The Standard also con-
tcuds, with some apparent force, that the Ameri-
luu party has no right to complain uf the demo
crats for voting for none but democrats, since the
Americans were sworn to vote foruone but Aiueri-
the Charter to Raleigh, a lonn interval of time,
mi-re than half a century, elapsed before any per
manent .settlement was made within our borders.
In entering upon his work, tlie writer avails
himself of the opportunity briefly to explain his
proposed plan, as in some of its features, it de
parts from established historical model?. A
mere chronologically accurate narrative of im-
ber to others in relation to the Minnesota liand
Bill.
Great confusion ensued, and loud calls for the
name of the offender, but Mr. Paine refused to
give it.
The resolution finally passed and the House
adjourned.
Senator Hamlin has resigned his seat, having
been elected Governor of Maine.
A long debate has occurred on the right of
Senator Harlan of Iowa to his seat.
U. S. Sen.\tors Electkd.—Mr. Sumner^has
been re-elected Senator in Congress, by 333 votes
to 1-2.
And II on. Jas. F. Simmons (Republican) has
been elected from Rhode Island, iu place of Mr.
James, (Democrat.)
Moork’s Cueek Monument.—At a meeting
of the Oomiuittcc appointed at the celebration of
the JJattle of Moore’s Creek, on the 27th Feb’y
last, held at Wilmington, it was resolved to ap-
€renerai •IssemMy.
cans. But on this matter, patriots of all parties, portant public events does not in his view con- P"iiit committees in the neighboring counties to
men who love the State and would sustain its In- stitute history; though of it, sach a narrative
'titutions of learning, especially that one belong- properly forms a part. He has supposed that the
ini: to tl.e whole State, have a right to complain ^^ate is to be read in the gradual
progress of its people in intelligence, refinement,
solicit subscriptions to erect a monument on the
Battle (J round; to apply to the Legislature for
aid; to lay the cniLT-stonti at the ensuing cele-
l.eiuocrats themselves will complain of any move-j ■ bration on the 27th Feb’y; and to obtain a plan
luoiit which weakens the Lniver>ity in the sup- j public events that transpire arc but the expo- ot a ^lonument to cost about v'»)OUO.
p.irt it now derives from all parties. nents of the condition of the iuh:ibitants, iu those ' Tlie following are the Committees for this and
1 r . \Vn r . 'The “people” eonstitute adjoining eountics:
11S Ij AX U R E. *1 e ' ,| fi.itiAn Tir\t 1 n 1 ■! t n r»r ^
Sampson County. — Dr. \\ m. McKoy, Dr.
FROM A NEW CORRESPONDENT.
Raleioh, Jan’v 0, 1857.
“THE HARNETT QUESTION.”
This all-absorbing question was the order of
the day on its second reading in the Hon^e of
Commons last Tliursday evening, when afrer an
animated and exciting discussion between Mr.
Shepherd in favor of a bill giving to the citizens
of Harnett county the election of seven commis
sioners whose duty it should be to locate the site
for the public buildings, and Mr. White of Bla
den, in opposition to the bill, it was rejected by
a vote of 46 to 59. This question will still re
main unsettli'd and in the way of a.spirants f>r
Legislative honors in the counties of Cuinberhind
ond Harnett—it mu>it still be an important jues-
tion for them to determine which is the souiu/
nii/e of the ‘Harnett Question,” and any error in
so important a matter may seal the destiny of
many a man whose .services the country would
)u cer fonjet, upon wliosc tongue grave Senators
and Ijcgislators would hang,—.silent as the grave
— while tlie clari(ui voice of Demosthenes woubl
be revived in the legislative halls of No. (^a.,
pleading tor ttie rights anil liberties of the j>eople.
1 say this is an important (juestion for political
aspirants to settle. I well remember that during
the Presidential canva.ss last fall, Mr. M**** was
Sub-Elector on the Buchanan ticket and Mr.
the Sub-Elector on the Fillmore ticket,
for the counties of Cumberland and Harnett.
They never met in Harnett but once during the
canvass, and as soon as Mr. B. announeod the
names of Fillmore & Donelson as camlidates of
the Anurican party for i’resident and Vice i^resi-
(lent of the II. S., Mr. M. asked him “if the}'
were sound on the Harnett (Question?” Mr. B.
(led ill ed answering—nothing more was saiil on
ither side—and Buchanan beat Fillmore 500
votes in the county of Harnett.
Quite an amusing scene occurred in the Senate
this week, on a bill to emancipate a slave who it
sceiiis is almost pt rft-rthj ichite. Some friend or
advocate of the measure, just as the bill was
ibout to be called up, reijuested ^Ir. Page, the
door keeper, to go out and^ud the petitioner and
stanil him at the door of the Senate so that Sena
tors might see how irln'te he was. Page made a _
misfi'/i'i' in the mtin, and brought in a gentlem in , borland once belonged to Bladen, Bladi:n had
who it suems is a candidate for Superintendent of ; now a perfect right to Le heard iu the affairs of
Common Schooh, against the present worthy iu- i Cumberland. He continued his speech w.tli con-
cumbent. Thinking that the election wa.s about j siderable animation.
to come on, aiul th.tt !iis looks might help him ] The whole discus.sion was char:iet' lized by
out, he took his stand in full view of the Senate, | touch life and lire. The bill was n'jected by ayes
looking “as sweet as the hist whispers of a spring | -46, noes o'.t.
BusIXKS.S BEFORE THE
ooutinue synopsis of legislative documents:
SixKiNU Fund.—“A bill to rais^" one,
. ought previously to be created and commence
sinking) introduced by Mr. Bledsoe, of Wake.
I’rovides for the appointment of three “Commis-
siouers of sinking fund,” and a sinking fund
Secretary; term of office 2 years, and pay of So
per diem for each day employed in keeping the
fui;d afioat. Appropriates for the fund the divi-
JliiJs on the State’s preferred stock in the N. C.
a nation, not the legislature merely, nor the
courts, not the army nor the navy. These are
themselves. And the thought has occurred that
in the effort to catch and present a picture of
this, classification is a valuable auxiliary: its ad
vantages are obvious in some of the earlier Eng
lish histories, such, for instance, as tho.se of
Mortimer and Henry; while in the latest imita-
ruilrnad, the tax ou the stock of the Cape Fear : tion of their example in Knight’s Pictorial His
tory of England, many portions are almost in
vested with the interest of an agreeable romance.
Now it is true that in our short career, we cannot
have had as much variety as is to be found on
the broader field that spreads over centuries in
the history of the other hemisphere; and yet even
we have room for classification. We must speak
L\w.—Introduced by Mr. Stubbs of Beaufort, | ^^rious subjects. The “religion,” “laws and
fr"iu the House Committee on Judiciary, ^ro- legislation,” “education,” “agriculture,” “inlus-
and State Banks, and the dividends on any Bank
Moek, for which the present Assembly may sub
scribe, over and above the interest on the bonds
i;;ued to pay for it.
A Bill to Diminish the Costs of Suits at
Elliott, Col. A. S. McNcill, David Murphy, Jobn
C. Blocker.
liladen County.—Rev. Colin Shaw, W. A.
Melvin, T. D. McDowell, Dr. W. 11. Beatty, T. J.
Jones, John B. Brown, Thomas O. Brown.
Columbus County.—Col. Alfred Smith, Calvin
ilayues, Forney George, James Foy, Josiah
Maultsby, A. C. Dickinson.
vides that either party to a civil cause may sum-
uj )U and examine as a witness the adverse party,
who shall receive the pay and be subject to the
penalties of other witnesses; his pay to be taxed
in the bill of costs. That either party may file
in the clerk’s office and serv« on his adv«rsary a
distinct and particular statement of his cause; if
the opposite party fails to file a distinct admis-
aiuu of the alleged facts, he is to be deemed as
iknying them, and if on trial they are proved,
all the costs of such proof to fall upon said party,
whatever the general judgment in the case. Re-
iuires the Judge, at the request of either party
ti write out his instructions to the jury and have
tho same filed as a part of the record. The pro
cess nf diminution of costs, contemplated by this
bill, is not very clear to us, though it may be to
the profession.
Medical Society of N. C.—A bill for its
incorporation, introduced by Mr. Speer, of Yad
kin. Gives it the usual privileges of corpora-
ti.iu.,; and provides for an appointment, by the
> eiety, of a board of Medical examiners, 5 in
number, whO’^e duty it shall be to examine all
upplicants for license to practice—no person en
titled to practice without such licen.se, and the
license only to be granted to graduates of a regu
lar Medical College. Examiners’ fee, SIO. J’er-
'■ins practicing without license not entitled to
aue for or recover any medical bill.
De.4F and Dumb Asylum.—Amount re
cti ved from the public Treasurer for two years
uding Nov. 1, 185G, 820,200; expenditures for
'>ame period, salaries, repairs, furniture, &c.,
?1'J,957 02. Cash balance 8242 98. There
are now iu the institution 45 pupils, and as,
under the present board of superintendents, a
tb-jrough reform has taken place, it is supposed
that the number will be largely increased.
?l't,000 per annum, from the State, is estimated
the least appropriation which the institution
will require.
Ati..\ntic & N. C. Railroad,—A bill for its
'•'Upletion, introduced by Mr. Thompson ot
ayne. Asks an additional State subscription
f ^400,U0U preferred stock. The State is already
ii subscriber to ^ of the stock.
Ho(i>^.—Tne Chcraw Herald says that a drove
of hogs in that place were selling at 6*; and
adds that this is too high* The price here is 8
Hon. Edward Stanly, says the Washington N
C. Times, left that place for San Francisco on
the od inst. He expects to be absent in Cali-
trial and mechanical pursuits,” “commerce,” fornia for 12 months, and will then return to
“extent and advance of settlements,” “wars with Washington, his future home
native or foreign foes,” “manners and cu.«toms ■
of the people,” &c., all demand their share of > New \ork.—Gov. King sent his first Mes-
notice, and will be better understood as well as ! g^ge to the Legislature ou Mond:iy last. He
remembered, if they receive distinct treatment, j financial condition of the State as favor-
Hence we divide the time through which the | , • . ■ . »
rj. ^ 1 , *• 1 I • able. I he total receipts into the treasury lor
State has passed, particularly m its more recent ....
career, into periods or epoch.s, and endeavor to the year l!5o6, including the balance on hand at
present in all respects, as full and perfect a pic- the close of the previous year, were nearly
ture, or rather series of pictures, as we can make ^ eighteen millions of dollars, and the expenditures
of each period i r l- i ■ nearly fifteen millions, leaving a balance OU hund
Another feature m our work, or which this i > o
down without their knowledge or consent. If j^each of Davidson, Leitch of Robeson, Little,
the.^o petitions stated the truth, why was it that Mabry, Mann, March, Masten, Mat-
the people desired to have things as they existed thems, McIntosh, Morrison, Mosely, Ogburn,
overturned. The bill of last session provided for Pearson, Pickett, Ramsour, Rankin, Richardson,
the .sale of certain lots. They bad shaped out Routh, Rushing, Scott, Sharpe, Siler, Smallwood,
three or four small notches and sold them for Speer, Stewart, Stiles, Tomlinson, Toms, Wad-
not enough to realise one-half what the jail cost, dill, Wliite of Sampson, White of Cabarrus,
The people could throw away the jail if they White of Bladen, Whitson, Williamson, Wilson
wished to, but that was a matter to be determin- and Yancy—61.
ed by them, by voting upon the question, should : Nttj/s.—Mc.ssrs. Badham, Benbury, Blow,
this bill pa.ss. He did not know of any law Rridgers, Bright, Bullock, Cotten, Cox of Jones,
which prevented the building from being re-; Dancy, Dargan, Davidson, Eborn, Ferebee, Gil-
moved. liam, Green, Hargrove, Hester, Hill of Stokes,
iMr. Bothea was against the bill. He claimed HiH of Halifax, Humphrey, Holmes, Jarvis,
to have .)83 names to his petition who were op- Jennett, Johnson, Kelly, Lewis of Wake, Lewis
posed to a change. Nash, Lyon of Orange, Lyon of Granville,
Mr. Stewart hoped the bill wouhl pass. Mason, Montgomery, Outlaw, Outerbridge, Par-
Mr. White, of Blad.'n, delivered an able and ter, Patterson, Pitchford, Rand, Reeves, Rumly,
lengthy speech against the bill. Sauls. Scales, Slaughter, Settle, Southerland,
Mr Shepherd said he would be unjust to his Speight, Strayhorn,' Stubbs, Tate, Thomson,
friend in the other end of the Hpuse, would be Ward, Waugh and Withers—53.
unjii>t to his colleague and to himselt', he would be
retlecting upon his name as a gentleman, and do
ing injustice to his constituents, did he not re{ily ■
to tl'.e remarks of the gentleman from Bl;vlen.
He alludi‘(l to the passage of the bill in the Sen
ate l>y a vote of 32 to D), and said when you find
such men as Gorrell, Wiggins, and Faton voting
aye on a measure, it could not be far from right. i
He ridiculed Mr. W.’s picture of . what Toomer |
might be. He said if there was a majority in
Harnett opposed to the bill, why not let it pa.ss and
then the people could decide against it. Sir,
saiil he, a majority of the people are in favor of'
the bill. He knew the hand-writing of the seve- :
ral petitions, and they were prepared by a crafty
and talented gentleman of Harnett county. He
was aware of a strong opposition to him. and so
intent were they to have a force in the other end
of the House, that it was sai'i when a certain
gentleman was defeated for the Senate of Chatham,
and a certain (’ >tu!Uoiier also defeated, not ex
pecting any efficient aid from that source, they
had turned with longing eyes toA'ards Bladen
county, and it bcemed they were not di.sappointed.
He was perfectly willing for any one to attack
his course, if they did not impeach his honor.
Mr. White replied, saying if he was to be de
feated by place or the inlluencc of place, he was
willinr: to submit. He thou^jht that a.s Cuin-
MARRIED,
Near Rockinfihain, on the 2d iiitt, by the Rev. M.
Mciueeii, Mr. L VK VVKTTH CJ. WILSON, of Va., to
MissSALIJl-: \. .Mc.\LI.STKR of N. C.
Oil tlie Itith inst., iit the residence of Mr. An^us
Martin, by the Kev. ,M. McViueen, Mr. (\\LVIN
PEMBKRToN to .Mi?s FLOll.V A. MARTIN. Both
of Montj;oinery count}’.
Ou the •'ith inst., near Ellisvillo, lila len county, by
Stephen 11,ire, Es«i , Mr. AAllON V. M.VRE to Miss
KLlZ.\r5ETlI C. 11 ALL, youngest daughter of Chas.
llall. All of ISiiiilen.
DIED,
In Thoiuasvilie, Davidson County, N. C. on the :>Oth
Decoriihi-r, of I’uliuonary Consuinjitiou, Mr. IJENJ.V-
MIN \V. .SIMMONS, aged 50 years 3 months and 21
days.
At I’iltshiiro,’ on Sunday, the Uh inst , HENRY
('^.VV .McLENAH.VN, sou of Dr. S. McLenahan, iu his
1-1 til year.
In -Cliiiiliam Co., on the *5th inst., Mr. TIIOS. Mc-
I) \N11;L, u^ed ntiout GO ^ears.
FAYETTEVILLE MAUKET.—January 12.
CACON— 11 al2ALARD—
. COTTON— * .MOLASSES—
I Fair to good, a (,'uba,
I Ordin. to mid. 11 all.' N. Orleans,
' COTTON B.VGOING— ' SALT—
13 a
50
00
a 52
a 00
morniiig,” until^the spcak'T calL'd upon the Sen
ate to look at him; “he’.': as white as ;iny of you.”
Some )ne discovered the mistake—a roar of
laughter followed—the candidate for Superinten
dent turned off in a rare and wanted to know
.Mr Bethea introduced a bill to incorf*nrato the
llockfisli Fire Company.
Mr. Ferebee introduced a bill to incorporate
the Southern Air line Railroad Company—pro
poses to build a railroad from X >rfolk to Wil-
Gunny,
i.*uu'lee,
fLOril—
Kaniiiy,
Super.
Fine,
Scratched.
GIIAIX-
(’orn.
Wheat,
O.its.
Teas.
Kye,
22 a 20
lb a 2(.i
Liv. Sack, 1 50 a 0 00
FLAXSKEl), 1 40 a 0 00
N. c. sriuiTs—
7 2o a 0 OO 1*. Brandy, HO a (>0
0 75 a 0 00 Apple do, t>5 a 70
G 23 a 0 00 Whiskey, tio a 00
5 75 I 0 00 WOOL—’ 17 a 18
TL'RPKNTINK—
S-j a 'JO Vellow dip, 2 50 a 0 00
1 10 a 1 20 Virgin, 2 50 a 0 00
50 a 0 OO Hard, 1 50 a O oO
75 a 0 80' Spirits, 12 a 18
00 a 1 00;
“who the devil di-puted it?” the vote to emanci- ; mington via Edenton and Plymouth,
pate the petitioner was taken and the bill was | A motifon to make the I'ayetteville and Coal
lost by a decided majority. Whether the Sena-! Fields Road the order for to-morrow, was rejected,
tors wore afraid that the passage of this bill' The Wilmington and Rutherford Railroad was
miglit be charged to the cintlihif»’ oa so mufh made the special order tor Monday, at 11 o clock,
done for him by the Legislature, and that way | The North-western Railroad was made the
defeat his election for Superintendent or not, I , special order tor Wednesday at 11 o clock,
have not been able to learn. i >Ir. Clark introduced a bill to incorporate the
The friends of the F. & W. Railroad are doing Mountain Railroad Company—proposes a rail-
every thing they can to secure the passage of , road from Lenoir, Caldwell county, to the W il-
that measure. It certainly has equal if not supe- ^ luingtoa and Rutherford Railroad,
rior claims upon the Legislature, to any other (ju Friday, Mr. White, of Cabarrus, intro-
incasure. The town of Fayetteville deserves what duced u bill to incorporate the Concord and Fay-
she asks for, as an act of justice to the largest etteville Railroad Company.
commercial and manufacturing town in the State.
She deserves it in return for the liberality ot her
representatives to every other section and every
other scheme of internal improvement. She de-
.scrves it because every dollar expended in ad
vancing her interest will yicM a like return to
Mr. Holmes introduced a bill, accompanied by
a memorial, to incorporate the Farmers and Me
chanics Bank of Wilmington.
The debate on N. C. R. R. bonds was continued
without a decision.
Mr. Meares moved to reconsider the vote ou
the treasury of the State. The completion of the Harnett county bill, and then moved to lay
that roail would add at least two to three millions that motion ou the table, which was done by
of dollars annually to the exchanges of the State, Yeas 52, Noes 88. Mr. Meares stated as his rea-
volume will afford a specimen, is to be found in
the reprint and consequent preservation of the
rare and valuable old documents, tracts, kc.,
which furnish part of the material for our history.
We know very well that such documents gene
rally have but little interest save for the histori
cal antiquarian; but we are writing more especi
of upwards of three millions. The canal debt,
at the close of the tiacal year ending September
30th last, was upwards of S22,4UU,UUU; receipts
for the year ^2,7oU,UUU; whole length of canals
and public works oS'J2 miles, the entire cost of
which, when completed, will be §50,UUU,U0U.
ally for North Carolinians; and we cannot but The State banking system is iu a sound, healthy
believe that for them, such early and authentic condition.
memorials of their country will posse.ss an inte- j ^ ;•
rest, independent of all antiquarian taste nr study. ! . .. ,
To the extent of our humble abilities, we shall 4jj,_1_, an inci'casc ot ob^,ul. , (or -.o'' per
endeavor to enliven the dullness and relieve the ' cent, a ycar.^ More than one-tourth (i*2U,-
quaintness of these worthy old chroniclers by
such notes and remarks as may serve to link
pleasantly together the past with the pre.sent.
And if in this we fail, as wo fear we sometimes
shall, still an important end will be answered.
The soul of history is Truth: the reader will
5;>0) of the inhabitants were born in fcreign
countries. The aggregate value of real and per
sonal estate is ^?2,20o,0lU,GU'.>. There are 5)77
churches, and 55'J newspapers. The number ot
enrolled militia is Uo5,OUO, of whom L^,500 are
have in the reprint of these old publications, all uuifyrmed. The aumber of children iuthe State
the means extant of eviscerating the truth for , i ; i .oi-oi i i
, . 1 r 1 I » between 4 and 21 years is 1,JU,214, ot whom
himself; while the writer voluntarily shuts out i r ■
the possibility of his substituting invention for ;attend either public or private schools,
the sober realities of history; iu his narrafive of | The number of teachers is 24,130, only 13,000
istory
/(irfs he must conform to the early testimony
which he has placed in the hands of the reader;
his deductions, suggestions, reflections, &c., are
his own, and will pass for what they are worth
with the intelligent, without the ri.^k of being
confounded with the of early rccords. But,
ofcour.se, this use of earlier documents will be
constantly diminishing as we travel upward in
the story, through period after period, because
of the diminished necessity of reprinting that
which, beside being generally known, is easily
accessible in other forms. One exception to this,
however, will exi.st in the case of important and
of whom, however, are suppo.sed to be constantly
employed. The aggregate yearly expenditures
for all purposes connected with the common
schools are §3,53l,li4li.
Gov. King alludes to the imputations upon
the republican party put forth in the President’s
message, which he declares to be wholly grouud-
lc.ss, and proceeds to give at length the views of
that party on the great question of the day.
Railroads \s-. Canals.—The Now Y'ork canals.
and make Fa^'etteville and Wilmington what
every true son of the “Old North” would be
proud to sec. That road will come in compe
tition with no other scheme; it is a rival of none.
The discussion on the State Bank still ^'ontinues,
many members insisting that if the Hank is re
chartered all its bills shall be made payable at
the mother Bank. There is a manifest determi
nation that this Bank shall have no advantage
over the (’ape Fear Bank iu its charter. The
bill to authorise the N. Railroad to is^ue bonds
bearing eight per cent, interest, has created con-
siilerablo deb:it(‘ for the last two days, and will
not be ilisposed of before t.>-morrow (Saturday.)
An effort will be made to recon.^ider the Har
nett Hill, with what success is uncertain, as every
body seems sick and worried out with the busi
ness. 1 heard one member say he heard so much
about it all day that he dreamed about it all
night.
1 understand the bill to remodel" the Congres
sional district of Rffckingham will be withdrawn,
and hope it niay be true. As a member of the
ileinocratic caucus is reported to have said in
caucus on the nomination of Trustees: “It is a
small business—the democratic party is too large
to do so moan a thing.”
Mr Hinks of your place has been invited to
repeat his L-'Cturi! on the R'U^ance of Scottish
History, in the Commons Hall on Fri(iay eVuii-
ing, the SHli inst ; and as the invitation comes
from the ladies of II ileiirli, who were deprived of
tiic privilege of lieariiig liim betore, he certainly
must teel very much tlattert;d by it.
The Supreme Court is in session, (3hi«f Justice
Nash being absent on account of the severe ill
ness of one of his sons. H.
son for the motion, that he learned there was a
probability of the matter being settled among the
members from Cumberland and Harnett.
A bill to pay I'ales Jurors throughout the State
was indefinitely postponed, 7t> to 31. '
FROM OLll COUKLSl'ONDLNT.
llALKKill, Jan’y 10.
In the Senate, to-day, nothing of importance
was done, the whole time being taken up in dis
cussing a bill concerning the killing of stock on
railroads.
In the House, to-day, Mr. Leitch introduced a
resolution proposing that a committee of tive be
appointed to examine into the charter and ai!airs
of the Cape Fear and Deep River Navigation
Company, tie also introduced a bill restoring
jury trials to the county courts ot Robeson.
Mr. Folk presented a minority report, from the
Committee on Constitutional Reform, in favor of
Mr. Foster’s bill to protect laud from excessive
taxation. The House refused to print it by a
purely party vote. It states clearly and em
phatically why and wherefore he thinks the bill
should pass.
Mr. Settle introduced a bill to incorporate a
company to build a railroad from Greensborough
to the Coal Fields on Dan River. Nearly tiie
same charter as the Danville Connection. A^ks
tor no appropriation.
'Ihc bill to
cent, b uids from taxation was indeliuitely post
poned, by yeas tJ7, nay> 43.
Tiie House adjourned during the discussion
upon .Mr. Lewis’s bill for the benefit of mechanics.
In the afternoon, .Magistrates were appointed.
\fter the bu.sine.ss was through with, the Speaker
HHVIi:W OF THE MARKET.
Bacon—Small lot of new sold at quotations.
Cotton—We rej)Ort firm and steady market.
Flour—Slight variation.
t'orrected by J.vmes 0. Cook
WILMINGTON MARKET.
Turpentine, for virjjin and yellow, for hard.
Spirits 40. Ilosiu 2 87 to 3 10. No transactions in
other articles.
.\t New York, Southern Flour dull at G 85 to ^8.
MidHing upland Cotton has risen to 18J. Spirits
Turpentine has risen to 50 cents. Rosin 1 02.
At Cheraw, cotton 10] to 12^. No receipts during
i the week. Bacon 11 to 11. Corn 80 to 85. Flour H
50 to 7 50.
At Charleston, cotton Hi to 12', an advance.
Total receipts of cotton, 1,002,2S!) bales, againut
l,*')10,58y last year. Decrease 8,:^00.
A CARD.
H^ll. MAC R.VE has remrned and resumed his
■ W I’ractice. Office two doors below the Female
High School.
Jan’y 10, 1857. 72*’‘it
HARPKirS V\ i:h:KLY JOURNAL.
(^I’ECIMEN copies of this new work may be seen at
the Book Store, where subscriptioua will be re-
hithcrfo imj>ufJishe(f manuscripts.—An appendix j greatest works of the kind in this country,
of documents with notes is not an uncommon t j u, ~.e ^
have gotten into a bad way by rea.son ot the
suffix to a volume of history; we merely make of
them a prctis.
W^ith this brief outline of the chief features of
our work, it only remains to be aildel that we
shall issue the volumes succeasis’ely, as fast as
they can be properly prepared; and, soliciting
from all our countrymen such aid as they can
render in furnishing us with family papers, local
traditions, old documents, or otherwise, we can
say no more than that, embarking in our under
taking as a labor of love, our first effort shall be
to tell the simple truth; and our highest am
bition, so to tell it that North Carolinians will
not be ashamed of the narrative.
Newspapers.—R. A. I]zell, Esq., has retired
from the Warren ton News, and is succeeded by
Mr. W. A. Walsh, at present employed in the
ofl&ce of the Raleigh Standard.
The Asheborough Bulletin will be continued
by Messrs. J. M. A. Drake and Wm. M. Parker,
Esqs., instead of E. B. Drake, P]sq., who has
become Editor of the Salisbury Herald.
The Conference of the N. C. Free Will Baptists
propo.ses to publish the Free Will Baptist Jour-
I’uof. Em-Mgns’s Report.—We are indebted,
through our correspondent, to Mr. Folk of Wa-
tuagu county, for a bound copy of Jjmmons’s ge-
"l”gical Hfport on the midland counties of North
Carolina. We have had no time to examine it
this morning. The book is tolerably well gotten
up, published by G. P. Putnam & Co-, N. York.
Important from Europe.—See the late news
fnun Europe. It would seem that the powers
that be are not yet tired of war, for there is ap
parent danger of several collisions.
The W ilmingtou Herald regards our allusion
to the want of conservatism of one of its late ar
ticles as “unkind.” We did not intend to say
any thing unkind -we have too decided a respect j weekly, at §2 per annum. Address J. H.
and regard for the Herald to do that. 1 Jackson, Kiustcn, N. C
“sharp and exhausting competition of the rail
roads.” The State Auditor recommends the im
position of tolls on the railroads for the )»rotec-
tion of the canals.
A Mild Cmmate.—The people of Havana
were complaining, at the last accounts, of a “se
vere cold storm,” the thermometer having fallen,
on the 24th ult. to 43'’ above zero—the lowest
figure it has reached there in 20 years. This i.s
27° higher than it was here on Friday last.
We arc informed that Mr. Villiers, brother of
Lord Clarendon, has been appointed Minister to
the United States from Great Britain, and that
ho is probably now on his way to this country.
JVrtt. InteHifjenvcr.
Montpelier, A’^t., Jan. 7.
Capitol Burnt.—The State Capitol here was
destroyed by fire last night. The most serious
loss is in the apartments of the State Naturalist,
which is irreparable.
Punch says it requires an early start now-a-
1 days for a man to get round his wife.
ceived. ^Ye will deliver it in Fayetteville, free of
postage, at ^!2 50, cash iu advance, (which will be a
saving of the postage to subscribers.)
Jau’y 10. E. J. HALE & SON.
CA'MK
ri'^llH subscriber informs I'lantera and Farmers that
JL he has obtained from John Kirkpatrick, Esq., of
this county, his crop of seed of this valuable plant,
s>'iue of the properties of which are said to be as fol
lows;
First, An acre of'the stalks properly cultivated,
will yield from 400 to 500 gallons of pure syrup, equal
to the best New Orleans.
Second, It surpasses all other plants for fodder and
for feeding green to cattle or hogs, on account of the
great abuudauce of sugary juice which it cout.aius, and
when sown in close drills yields au immense crop of
fodder.
Third, It is so certain ami prolific a crop that plan
ters mny be sure of suceet-diiig with it as a syrup plant
any where South of llie St:ite of New \ork.
This seed is ottered for sale in packages sufiQeient to
plant h.ilf an acre 1 feet x l.l feet, at >>1 per package.
If sent by mail, liO cts. must be added to pay postage.
SA.M’L .J. HINSDALE.
.Jan'y 12, 1857. 72-;5t
.loii.vs rox
MALE AND FEMALE ACADEMY.
JOHN W. STl.'ART, K.hq , t
Miss BETTIL .lONhS, / ^
■ ^Tll SESSION (,f this School will couuuence
-M. on the li't; (if January, and Will Ciose ou vhe
^ ^ ^ lOla of June, with :iii e.’cumoi.-itiou, exuiOition, and
exempt the N. C. Railroad h jit'r | aidress tiy some distinguished geiitieiii iii.
So gri-at is the reputation *it .Mr. .Siu.art as a supe
rior te.iehe-• iiiid t.cholar, that we j)re»viiiu' it is not
necessary to say anything in his (ir.iise He has heeu
ia our eiiiiiioymeni fur several yt'ars, and so lar as we
know or believe, he has given universal satistaction.
.Miss Jones is a tirst h >nor gra lu ite ot Oreeusboro’
Female College, and c nins r**c unnieii ie 1 as possess
ing, in an eniigent degree, all the jualities uecessary
to Constitute a suceesstul teacher. \ uuiig iiieu de
siring to prepare for college, will do well to patronize
this school, as Mr. ."^tu.art has had cun.-^iderable expe
rience in this business; anil wherever hiu scholars
have gone, they have taken a iiigb st.aud, thereby
evincing thorough preparation. Young ladies will be
taught everything taught in the best female schools
of the country.
i’erius per Session are as fjllows. viz: I'rim.ary
broiciies, ^10; (..’lassies higher Eng:ish oranches
!i'12; Extras. Music •i'20: French and l.'rawing ¥0
each Board ^0 to 7 i>0 per month.
W. 1>. TURNER,
Chm’n of Trustees.
Leachburg, N. l>-»c. 18, IKob. 72-* It
left the chair and the Hou>ie had a froHe.
On Thursday, the Senate was engaged the
whole day in discussing the Danviiie C')n:ioction
Riilrnad. .Messrs Earoii, H lu.stou and Cameron
P'>ke in oppositimi, and Messrs. W. 11. and J.
W. Thomas, anl Myers >f .Mecklenburg, in favor
of the bill. It was rejected, yeas 14, nays -‘i2.
On Friday, the bill to charter the Milton
Junction liailmad was lost, ayes 18, noes 31.
Mr. A. M yers introduced a bill to incorjioiate
the town of Ansonville.
•Mr. W. II. Thomas a bill to establish free
banking ir. this State.
The bill to ro-eliarter the Bank of the State,
amended as stated in our last, passed its second
readiusi, o4 to 7.
In the House, on Thursday, the bill from the
Senate exempting the coupon bonds of the N. C.
Railroad from taxation for ten years, and fixing ■
ter, Bridgers, Bright, Hullock, IJancy, Davidson, , - - - i. i‘ -ui iV "-.i,
, , 1 ,1 • rrJi . T-. 1 /1 11- ti ti n 1 charges and taice him away, or he will be dealt with
per cent., was debated all the morning. This . Eborn, rerebee, (jilliam, Green, Recording to law.
bill provides for funding the debt of the Road, of Halifax, .larvis, Jenkins, Jennett, Johnson,! noLTON, Jailer,
amounting to So.n0,000, by bonds above referred Lewis, of Wake, Long, Lyon, of Gr.inville, .Ma- j Fayetteville, Jan'y 12, 18-'i7. 72*tf
to. Messrs. Scales and Bledsoe spoke in favor | son, Moore, Outlaw, Outerbridge, Parker, Pitch-i ^ i' - ' ^  > v’
of the measure and Messrs. Caldwell and Meares j ford, Rand, Rumley, Sauls, Scale,^, Slaughter,! S I .\ I i'.i Or I ii C IvO I N..A,
against it. | Speight, Stubbs, Thompson, Ward and Withers. | K015KS0N CoUNTV.
'"By joint ballot of the two Houses, Messr.s. ! —37. Superior Court of Law, Fall Term, lsr)().
Thomas Settle, Jr., of Rockingham, Dr. R. I>il- j [The repealed section prohibited any person or j Allen Inman vs. Jonathan W. Began.
lard, of Chowan, \\ illiam \\ .Holden, of i corporation from passing or receiving small notes ;
R. A. Hamilton, ot Granville, Dr. J. F. E. Hardy,' ^ r o o |
The following are the yeas and nays, in the
House, on a bill to repeal the .sec. >, ch. .'>•),
Rev. C’ode:
Ayes. — Messrs. l?ethea, Blanton, Bledsoe, By
num, Cahlwell, Canslor, Cox, of Peuiuiuiaiis,
Vump, Dargan, Dills, Eller, Elliott, lolk, F 'S-
ter, tjaithcr, (ientry. Glass, Haekuey, Harrell,
Hester, Hill, of Stokes, Houck, Huaiphr-.y, Jones,
Kelly, L:ach, Leitch, fjewi,^, of Nush, Little,
Lyon, of Orange, Maun, .Murtiu, Masten, Meares,
Montgomery, Mosely, Ogburn, Patterson, I’ear-
son, Pickett, Ramsour, Rankin, Reeves, Richard-! v»f I'r'i'l'l)
son, Routh, Hushing, Scott, Settle, Siler, Speer, v i i 1 • *
^ e -1 ui. I 'I' t 'P r rr i r| 10 the Jail of ( uinberland county, on the Cth inst.,
Stewart, Stile.s Strayhorn, 1 ate, lomlin.son, ^nns, | ^ .neill, who says he belongs
Wadilill, \yaugb. White, of Cabarrus, W hitson, j,, ostate of .Mary .McLean, dec'd, of Harnett ('o.
Williamson, Wilson and Vancy.—(>5. i I’he saiil boy is of a dark color, about f> feet tj or 8
Nays.—Mes.srs. Badham, Barnes, Blow, Bax-j inciies high, 21 or 25 years of age. The owner is
the interest thereon at a rate not exceeding eiglu ' ter, Bridgers, Bright, Bullock, Dancy, Davidson, 1 hereby notified to come forward, prove property, pay
Original Attachment.
of Buncombe, were elected Trustees of the Uni
versity.
At the evening session, the Harnett bill being
on its 2d reading, Mr. Shepherd called Mr. Stubbs
to the Chair, took the floor, and (alluding to the
petitions from Harnett county against the bill,)
said, that the petitions did not really contain 588
names; some names were put down in each of the
petitions, and some even put down twice in the
same petitiou. Besides he had been informed
1 by some gentlemen that their names were put
of this and other States; and any ime .so offending
to be fined So, and to be deemed guilty of a mis
demeanor.]
The following are the yeas and nays ou Mr.
Elliott’s small note Bill which passed its 2d read
ing in the Commons on Wedne.sday last:
—Messrs. Barnes, Baxter, Bethea, Blan
ton, Bynum, Caldwell, Cansler, Clarke, Crump,
Dills, Eller, Elliott, Folk, Foster, Gaither, Gen
try, Glass, Hackney, Hall, Harrell, Houck, Jones,
IT appearing to the satisfaction of the Court that
the said defendant i.*i not an inhabitant of this
State, it is ordered by the Court that publication lie
made in the Fayetteville Observer, a newspaper pub
lished in the town of Fayetteville, for the spiee of six
weeks, n'ltifying the said Jonathan W. Regan to ap
pear at the next term of the Superior Court of Law
for the County of Robeson, at the Court House in
Lumberton on the fourth .Monday in March next, and
then and there to plead or replevy, or final julgment
will be given against him.
Witness, Alexander McMillan, Clerk of said Court,
at office in Lumberton, the fourth Monday ip. Septem
ber, A. D. 1850. This December 'SJd, 1850.
72*6w] A. McMlLLAN, C. S. C.
    

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