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0 / 75
:f'r :i Editor. ;
Monday. June .l,.-le.y'-
TUE Sairruiu. U iasucd every inonuug (Sua
dy axeeptet the following rus J
, For Pally, pwyawr, T;vv;t, I V .10 00
on month, i..' w.vi.'..-iv.- 00
. two Bwtithv:rrrt 7,rr. 77.-- a
Somi-Weekly, per year.
Weekly, per yearyw Aw.;i.;.f 00'
Our termi trt Invariably fa advene. Money
. any be wot a by the Rait Iload conductor or
tb Exprsea Companies. . s.
Fon oovBiiNon,. .
1 Our Iat telegraphic dispatches leave no doubt
T m to tbc speedy iommencmeniof hoetilitie
; la Europe. Tba propoiitlo of "a 'Conftwiw
. with the neutral power. ha been frustrated by
tbo stubborn course ofA(:st H.t, snd the He ban
beea abandoned. .. , '
Austria With m Immense array threatens tlx
lnvssWof Prussia and Italy, and tboss power
in turn are storing their forces to the frontier
la order to meet the nmy at lb, threshold
Prussia with a mller force than Austria, is
beless poesed of a war apparatus of tie
most efficient and formidable character. . u ;
1 The present contestant "will, however, not be
v permitted alone to occupy the field, It s strong
'. ly suspected that Kussia with ber iramens force
will back np Austria. Freuoa cannot be a !
lent spectator, but most espouse the cause of It-
- aly and Prassia at an early ly; The most of
the Continental power wW'"pirtjaJiy,be lo-
stnwqfe earls. ' "
t The effect of the war upon the United States
will at the start be unfavorable. The demand
for gold will be increased and for cotton leetca
ed. ' Should the war tontine, the demand for
. breaditufft in Europe will furnish good mar
ket to American farmer, "
, The friends of peace- must seriously regret
this eaU to arms. It cannot be otherwise than
sanguinary and bloody affair, though - it bv-po-
. sible it may not be protracted. Great Britain
wil) preserre her neutrality and aroid all par
ticipation in it, and la this she will act wisely,
, . I. ,.'1 1 m e up. 1 .,,,11
' 1 ; Basis of Esprescntatiqn. "
The Convention on Saturday passed the or
dinance fixing the basis of representation, here
after upon the number of white population tor
the House of Commons and property or taia-
tlon for the Senate, :This change the West has
long desired end the question has been 'settled
by the above . compronisj. . There ware thoie
who contended that the basis for both House
should be the white people of the State, "bat the
majority held to the idea that property as well
as persons should be.. represented, - '
- . , The Next Xleotlaa.
' The Conrention passed an ordinance on 8at-
flrdar. bhanginff the lime for the election of
Goternof and members of the' General- fatem
bly until the third Thursday la, October, and
fixing the ratification of the amended Consiitu-
tion on the first Thursday is August.'
' Mr, Contgland't Speech.' . '
; We oecnpv much space with the able sjieech
of Mr. ponigland, of Halifax, on' the bails' of
representation. The question b settled, but our
- ' reader will be pleased to see the argument on
.V. both sides. . , , ,
WaJeam that at a general meeting of the
stockholder of the Bank of Washington, held
at their banking bouse On the 14th of Hay last,
a resolution waa unanimously passed, authoris
ing the Board of Directors to file bill and
wind up the affaire of the Bank under a law
passed by the lust Ueneral Assembly.
r The Convention passed a resolution on Satu
lay to adjourn tint dU on Monday, the SSth
inst The people of the State will rejoice to
C'ORBXcrioir. The other day, in speaking of
th members of the Freshmen Class, at Chapel
Hill, to whom the first honor bad been awarded,
" one of the namee was erroneously put W like.
It should have been P. D. Walker, of Wilming
ton. ' C . V'' ''-''. .
At meeting of the Stockholder of the Bank
of North Carolina, held in thi City oa Thurs-
day last, the following gentlemen were elected
George W. llordocai, Charlc JIanly, B. F,
Moore. John H. Bryan, E. B. Freeman, T. II.
Relbv. J. W. B. Watson, W. It. P00L -
Hon. Thomas Brscg was sppointed State DK
, rector, and lit. Battle, the Public Treamirer, U
aDirector txcyinu. . .... ;;-..
" At a meeting f Difretorj.snbsegaeBtly lieW,
Cl'eorpeW, JlordeCai, Esq.) W Unanimously
tected I'naiidcrii'ol- th Bank. -- - - - -
- . -, Mt . nr - - '
DrnHAM Saoai Tobacco. We are indcbTed
to our friend J. II Green for a box of No, 1
"" genuine' Durham Smoking TobaceOr- ,It is a
vj.Vndid srti-ie. ' . M, '' . .
W. W. BrickelL Eq., of Halifax, we regret to
' tewn he bo detaineil iramjiia.,jtal in the
Convention fur several uats oy lnumpoaiuum'
r" Commo'lore John Ksnd.ilph Tucker, late of
the Confederate avy, lias recivei tnesppoint
ment of the supreme command of the Peruvian
avy; with the title of Admiral, and he depart
ed oa th 1st lusiant from New York 1 Pero.
- '" Ci orra Fnwcls Train is staMling Nebraska
j ,rr'fi nijt Morton, llie Dmlotralk Bomiuee
7 : . j
. I i ourhnrried little quips" with tha StntdaiA
tb other day, we, made this remark ; ,
But a to the soipprt f the &nirj, thaMa
another question. We hare good reason to.be
Hee.tht Gov, Worth would regard the snp
rmrt of the Standard and of the Ex-prorisional
Gvemor a the most direful calamity which
could befall hlin.r J, , ' . .
This remark, I made the basis of a very as-
fair article against Gorl Worth, ' V
We have time and ; again said, that Oorentor
Worth 4e not responsible for what appear in
the mfuie'except over his own signature,' or
heft w say wt are authorize! to j say," .,Sr
lis is in no sense responsible lor the above quo
tetfcior any other remark In that paper." We
should have expreseed ourselves more eorrectly
and more in accordance With oar purpose,' to
bete said, that In rmr opinion and In the opin
ion of many of Mr. Worth's Wnwia, the sopport
of the Standard, would be certain defeat to him
or to any one, And our reason for this remark,
is, the enmmoa opinion, that the coarse of that
journal since the election la November last, iss
denouncing our people as dUloyal who did not
sustain It, snd in its manifest avowal of radical
principle, had rendered lta,iuppotf positively
injurious to any one, r iH-fn.
But what had the above quotation to do with
the historical narrative given by the5rnJW'
If true, they were mnfiltniiaX and ehould not
have been repeated. We are under the impres
sion that the whole truth Is not told. Yet what
S said, is in na wise derogatory to Gov, Worth.
II is on principle a pacl tics torleairee to pro
mote hsrmony among all classes, sect iocs end
parties in this State and throughout the eoua-
try."Tbe narration of he teaier show bis
untelfiahness snd bis readinea for the sake of
harmony, to f)rego bis own promotion to the
offioe of Governor and to assent to the electioa
of Gov. Holder, as U. S. Senator, if hie friends
were willing to submit to such an arrangement
What the Standard say, only goes to confirm
what hi whole life exhibits,' a deposition on
the part of Gov. Worth to prefer the peace and
welfare of hi State and people and of the
whole countryLtohis own personal aggrandize
The cWfttsI dld stats at theffime of the elec
tion "of Mr. Pool, that it was understood to be
the result of a compromise, he being regarded
as the choice Of Gov, Holden, a&I at. another
time admitted that many would have voted a
readily for Gov. JTolden as fur Mr.. Poobut it
was understood be declined it. But the Stand-
ard will remember that at that "time Go v., Hoi
den bad not" become as denunciatory of the
people of the State as since, nor had he then so
openly avowed his radical principle.
. Later still, when tb Standard gave evidence
Of its bad temper toward the people ol the
Brate and h4 begun it denunciation against
their loyalty, the gtntintt recommended the ap
pointment of Gov. Holdewto mission to Sooth
America. We hoped that the Governor would
be willing then to ""leave his country for his
country's good." . ,
! r7 . 1 For the Sentinel.
- .. Peaeo Inatituto ,,, '
V At an adjourned meeting held June Itth, of
the stockholders ot the Peace Institute, in winch
a larse msioritr of the etock was represented.
the following gentlemen, were elected Directors
of the Corporation : tier. J. K. Atamson, 4 udge
Uaniet O. f owle, Vr. W. It. lUUer ana Tbad
tna Un(lM.fWi. at Ralclffh. and Gen. Rnfns
TWrlnnn nf rirlntt. Tl,a nirnRinra mm
instructed to sroure a seal for the use of the
. . ... ....
Corporation, and also authorized upon mortgage
or otherwise to borrow money for tbe comple
tion or tuebuiiumg.: :. :. .
On motion, the meeting afljourned to meet
again in Raleigh on the 12th day of June, 1807.
At a meeting of .the Directors of tbe Peace
Institute, Rev. J. M. Atkinson was elected Pres
ident, nd D: W. R AlillerSeereUry and Treas
urer, , '
Oa motioa of Judge Fowle, Dr. Miller, Rev.
J, M. Atkinson snd T. McGee were appointed a
committee to negotiate the loan for the purpose
of completing the building and the President
waa requested to procure a seal for the ose of. ths
Corporation. The meeting then adjourned, sub-
wci 10 tu can 01 lur rrewueni.
, T. M. ATKINSON, Pres.
T. McOtB, See'y: -T '
...... . ' A.Ioyi Witnei.
, Th Ait say ; - "
" A rumor come from Wthlngton tbat per
son who call himself Csin p bell, although he
icloiowledgea having appeared before- a -eoav
mitte of Congress under another name, is pre
pared to make a statement thst tbe testimony
of himself and ethers, before the military con
mission which murdered Mrs. Snratt, ia rela
tion to the complicity of Mr. Davis and others
in tbe assassination of Mr. Lincoln, was false.
It needed no Daniel to come to judgement to
tell n this, but, tka disclosures of this man
Campbell are interesting It true which they
may, by possibility, be. He state that the ev
idence was manufactured by oneCondover, who
got up the whole thing, and arranged the part
that each of the confederate perjurers waa to
play in order to secure the success of the scheme.
Campbell claims tbat it is his exposure of the
matter, before tne uouse Judiciary committee,
which induced them to abandpatne idea of pro
ceeding against Mr. Davis for murder. : - - ,
- What a flimsy web it must have been if the
testimony of such a precious scamp as this suffi
ced to "knock it to atoms !" .''
As Congress baa got through reconstructing
the country, and basn t anything particular to
do, it would be, perhaps, a good idea to appoint
a committee to invettigiytliis man Campbell.
GsnkraL Scott, Reilutionj were adopted
in the House of Representatives oa Friday, ia
strurtina th Military Committee to enquire
into the expedieucy ot 'prayiding by law for
th erection of a monument at neat folat to
General Scott ; and iustructiug the Library Com
mittee to enquire into tbe expediency of pur
chasing th equestrian picture of the General
that now nang ia me chjiuui a pier 01 ma
Ablwotos eiata,. A. bill was paaw.t by th
House oa FrWa reU'S'ing the govertmenf
claim to a :untt piece of bud oa tlie Houthero
tmrter ot the Ariiwct" aatate, ahh-h Uohumed
snd hehl ia poeessioa by a iwro woniaa nam
ed Maria Sjpbax and ber children. Maria Jy
plisa was a slave uf Jlra. Wsshint-ton, and by
ber devised to Mr. Cntis, hosculed heron; the
land in question In l&i8., , Her, occupancy was
acquiesced in by .Ueneiai ana J I. MoPrt ii
Left' .- :.:'-' -.
A auartette of soldier who bsd lost limbs In
battl, recently gae a serenad end sang. Tis
sweet to be re-mciuberTf i."
"ftf , flPXXCH 0B,
IDWAED C05IGLA3D, ISa;
In Cvntmiit, JfHi l&L, 18C9, in reply t GenJ
iAjan, ,ttuherfar Vot. &jnm, er
Linevlo, en Vtt propoiUion le mult tin mhitt
fqmlMiun tee Btat tht wU ha$i$ rrpr
mtefSM. - ,..';...'., .. - ". -
. . ,. ,;,''. ,1 '
Ma. Pkidt :-It waa not until tile
amendment of the gentleman from Rutherford,
proposing to baee representation, Ui the eenate
and Commons, oa whit population alune ws
submitted to tb Cooveatiua on Monday , last,
that I abandoned tb hope of avoiding too di
euesloa of Ibis subject belimre that it ouht
to be allowed to sleep, and I desired that -it
should. This Convention was called together
tor a certain epecined purpose, which purpose
it has already fulfilled. It never occurred. '14
the people of the State, that we would arrogate
to ourselves' the power of entirety remodelling
the Constitution. - But, notwithstanding this
general power was never -delegated to as, 'We
are forced. Into consideration ot a prwpo
sition radically to change OBeoJhe ' must
euhservaUve reatnree in our system of gov
eriment We are not permitted to aroid
the discnasioa of the question if we would,
and, I trust, as it has been forced upon us, tb
we wilt meet it la a spirit of firmness as welt as
of ealmneae and moderation, wftlt the purpoeel
solely or eniiffbtening our mioU. tbat wo may
be better enabled to form a correct judgment.
betr. In the outset, to acknowledge the cou
tey of the delegate from Lincoln in submitting
hisstntirtics fta my examination. ''I bav so
thoroughly eoniilentd tliera, since the adjr.om
ment of the question, I have been tempted to
wish that figure were, bantshed from the worfd.
I became, however, instantly eensible of tuv er
ror,oa reflecting tbat figure are my main defence
against the delegate matching down upon as at
the heal of bis 'white legions." The realiza
tion of the expression of my impatience would
place me somewhat in the situation of the
young lady, who, oer wearied by tus pertinaci-
ty of a suitor, wished that were was aot a maa
oa earth, but whose nervous system became ex
ceedingly shocked by tbo consideration, that, if
taken at ber worn, Ber matrimonial prospect
must be forever blasted. Let the delegate from
Lincoln marshal his heats. -' I am prepared to
meet him not indeed at the head of -an army
with banners, but at the head of so army of
figures, ta ' eolid array so : powerful so ever
whelming, and of such formidable aspect to the
gmnirTHift tm vt siaejt n t me oeiegste
from Rutherford himself notwithstaudiiiir the
easy placidity with whit be discharged this
bomb shell among aa, standing aghast, will, in
his terror, exclaim - . t - .- - 1
, Aaxal n4 misistsn of (ram 4fa4 asl''
: : But before I proceed to consider the statistic
of th delegate iron Lincoln, I beg to be allow
ed to examine some of tbe principle eaunciatea
by him.- I gather, from hia speech,, that hie
chief ground of complaint ia the apparent Ine
quality, 1b political power, between the white
population ot the East, and the white popula
tion of the West. ' He desires tbat each white
person la thaJCast and each white person in the
West shall have the like political power ia the
Legislature of the State, arid he proposes to ef
fect this political eour'Hy by trampling upon
the representation of property, by placing the
weight ot political po wer in the hand of a mere
numerical majority, and ' that the. majority of
one class or -the population only, and anat. the
class which predominate ia hj own section.
Ths bare statement of tne qnestion is, ot ltseir,
sufficient to prove that, if carried out, it would
be unfair, onoressive and unlust ; r 'j, nvV , v
When the delegate from Lincoln speaks of
population, be must aiway 00 unaerstooa
meaning white population..' When representa
tion is to be considered, the nesrro is with bim
ef nature so impalpable that, he canrtot.be
counted, or even seen ; but when tsxes are to be
levied he 1 always round to possess tne form
and substance of a man. But it is alleged, that
I representation cannot be accorded to the ne-rro.
I without xltnltttnz him to the t'iaA of suffrage :
hy then did he have representatioa among us
' .1 a . 1 1. 1
ss a Slavs I In a state ot slavery be was represea
ted a a person and aot as property. And why,
let me ask, if this be tbe reason of his exclu
sion, that, by tbe delegate' ystem of appor
tionment, white female are represented, and
the right of suffrage i denied to them.' if thi
right aeoeesarily follow tbo right of represen
tatioa, how can the delegate auswejL.thjJlMi
tioat Besides, if the numerical majority of
White must also have tne political maiority,wny
doe the gentleman deny -to white female ail
expression and exercise of political power t
Th white female ia North Carolina outnumber
tb white male by a majority of l,7. And
they are excluded from the polls, and denied all
voice ia political matters. 1 am not the first to
submit these question and consideration, but
often as they have beta submitted, they have
never yet beca successfully saswered, and can
aot consistently with the delegate' position,
Ths truth is, that i 00 sUte of society is suf
frage accorded toa majority ot the represented
-I ami ' onfis,"oniwht surprised to hear
the doctrine of eqnality o earnestly tirped in
(his Assembly." Whence did thi doctrine take
its rise, or rather when was it fully developed t
I answer, In those dark and.terrible day, when
th ' cry of equality", in t'ae month 'of an
Infuriated populace, caused to be torn down
all the barrier' erected to protect property and
civil rights, and caused to bo enacted those
scenes of blood, at which, even now, the world
stand aghast I From the "philosophers" whose
writing brought about the rrenctt revolution,
most of the arguments enforcing the equality
of man bare been drawn, and wherever they
have been reduced to practice, In the govern
ment of a State, by conferring the whole pobti'
cat power oa a mere numerical majority, with
out regard to interest, the State has engrafted
in its system principles which, sooner 01 later,
will carry it dowa lo destruction. - r
We, Mr. President, hare no popular excite
ment on this subject -the people scarcely seem
to be aware that we are. considering it, so little
do tbey seem to be interested therein. Butevea
if popular clamor did prevail, I stand aot here
to bow to it. I will not become an idolater
even at tbe shrine of the idol which the popu
lace may erect snd command me to worship..
I hesitate aot to say, that, T scorn and -repudiate,
as dangerous and unjust, tbe doctrine, that
nre aumerlcal mlprity, which does notm
brace, but is antagoublio to, a majority of in
terest, shall be the sole governing power.' And
evea when a majority of numbers is ths sole
governing power, it is upon the principle, that
such a majority is supposed to represent a ma
jority ot interest But when it appears that a
majiwity of numbers does aot .represent ma
jority of interest, as it sppears that a majori-
tl ipX.wLutf) .numoers one not in j.ortn ,ro-
Una. to aiup 11 aa VE awtij inriuiiix powyi
would be suiiiibil to our be-it inien;H, and
against the wsrtilns pf experience. 1
What then " I mav be ke-l, ; the true
ba4s'of rrpre sntatloij V To whieb I reply, a
majority ot number and majority o( inter at
combined. . Whenever cither unduly prtpon-
jdcrate .encroachments sny ina.le tin tiie on
i le and Ksitsncu U ma la on the other, a con
tinual trn-"jle f ir acendiir taken place
wliKb caust couLoual tu'Tjiult aud JjJCjptet
' " 1
degenerates ofUu into faction, and become des
tructive of ths best interest of the State. My
desire, therefore, is to see blended, ia one beau
tiful whole, number a.id intcieats, working
harmoriotLJly together, and witholding, if pos
sible, an undo preponderance from either;"'. The
Easter part or the State possest, much more
property in the aggregate, tbsn the Western
part, and pars a larger share ot the public ex
penaea; to adopt, therefore, ihe basis of rfpre
aentatkm 'propoe4y the amendment would be
.asserting the power of force, would place the
weak nan at the mercy of the strong man, and
would present the strange anomaly of the East
contributing far more largely than the West to
.the expenses of the Government, and yet repre
sented only by a small minority iu each branch
of the Legislature. ...... ., ... ..
": Tbat representation should be baaed on a ma
jority of interest and a majority of numbers
xmibiuod is fortified by the authority of tbe
best writers oa government... 1 beg to refer to
the essay of Mr. Calhoun entitled "A Disquisi-
tlon en Government," vol. lit. of his works,
pages wa, x sna no, eamon ot ituu . jf - -
. A majority of nombers and of interest com
bined, or, what hi the same thing, a union of
person and property, ie the true bai of repre-
1, I sentallon. n bat is tbe barns of civil society I
octree tnan personal security. l nave never rcaa
of anr state of societv. i ow rude eoever. in
which the protection of projierty did not form
a eoastitueot element. ', The Indina it) his irig
warn, claims as his own the quiver of arrows
winch bis tnirenuity has fashioned. or Ui butt.
lo robe which he baa acquired by hi ekill ia
the chase. The Icelander, in his hat of how,
appropriate to hi own as tbe sett! which he
ha captured, and the Laplander cherish, with
soMcilude, the tied and reindeer which form th
principal share of hi worldly goads.- Ia every
period ef the world' history in every place
where men congregate, and tbat is ia all place
where they exist, from the dt when Abel waa
a keeper of sheep and Cain a tiller of tbe ground.
until thUky, tha acquisitioa-of property ha
been tbe mala stimulant or man s energies, ana
the' Infringement of bis right, to what he claim
a hit own, tb surest means of evoking his pas
sions and resentment. In the more retined na
tions, what is tb main subject of deliberation'
ta all legislative assemblies I Is it personal se
curity t No, but the protection of property
the mean of securing to every man what i
iustly his owa. And yet, at this lata day, we
have a proposition here which lgne the right
of property to any share in the representatioa of
in oiaiu, ana prppuae wj piace 11 m .iuo nierv
numerical majority of white persons, which
would place the East at th mercy of the West
I beg to say that I prefer to have tbe distribu
tion of mv own trniertv in mv own bands. I
am not willing to place it in the haoils of oth
ers. - A White man in the East pa va one dollar
tax, while two white men in tbe West pay ouly
tbe seme amount, is not the Eastern maa en
tilled to protection la the appropriation of hi
dollar against the numerical majority composed
of the other two I Can there be a plainer prot)
Milton I And vat. the Dronoaitloii before the
Conrention would deprive the Eastern man of
all power of appropriation and disposition over
ths fund which he contribute, and while bear'
Ing the larger share of tbe expense of tb Gov
ernment, would maae mm nut a cipncr in cu
retting their disbursement.
urther support of my position, I beg to
refer to the debates ef tbe Convention of 1881.
I read from tbe speech of Judge Gaston, page
. "Ia the Constitution of a Slat all the opera
tion! of whose government art not onlv.. direct
upon its citizens, but wholly confined to matter
of interiorconcern.the onlv interest, like! v to be
often arrayed against each other are those of
propmny and of ptrtont. Such a government is
formed for the purpose or protecting property
nd persons, and Would bo inadequate to the
end if left either at the mercy of the other."
It can never; indeed, be the true interest of any
Individual, or 01 any Doay or men, to oppress
or Injure others: but every day' observation.
1. audit I to be feared IiafVWr dav experi
ence, must convince us that a fancied immediate
advantage, magnified by tlie mist or passion,
often tempts us to forego any permanent good,
and wrong our fellow men, under the delusion
that we are benefiting ourselves. It is right tbat
government should be so constituted as to bring
tb steady influence of interest in aid -of the
commands of duty." And, say Alexander
have held that representation should be com
pounded of persons aud propcrtv," vol. S, page
434, , itX. also refer to, the Federalist, 'Ko.
54. "; ,. t. v;;.- '
v Having thus endeavored to prove that the
true basis of representation in every welt regu.
latsd government should be person and Drop,
erty, I will now proceed miuutely to examine
th argument of tbc delegate derived trom sta
tistics. I shall first consider those relating to
th complexion of the Senate.7:v . ? - Hi
First allegation.- Tb eight extreme East
er Senatorial distriota, with ra populatina
of 50,898, are entitled to eight. memUer.,Tha
eight extreme Western district, with a popula
tion of 801,785, have eight members, ,$60 vo
ters in the Eastern are equal, to ?.VS10 ia the
.Western ditricU ' .;'"-'; . T.-,
Reply. The popuiatioa ot the Eastern dis
tricts is, in fact, in the aggregatej one half of
thst of the Western. . .. ,;;'
2 The eight extreme Eastern districts wer as
sessed in 1800 for State taxation tl th amount
of $86,004. The eight extreme Western districts
paid a tax of f !9,749. So that one white per
son in the the Eastern pays as much to the ex
penses pf the State government SS thix white
persons in the Western districts. . . :
'Second allegation. Hertford ha a poputa
tii.nof 8,847 and one Senator. Buncombe die-
trict has a population of 80,000 and one Sena
tor. One voter ia Hertford 1 equal to seven in
Hetily. The aggregate popuiatioa of Hert
ford is more than one fourth of that of the
Buncombe district. .. '"'.' ;." 'v'.:r",:;'
The taxe of. Hertford bsscsmkI in It 60 were
7,i:J4. ' Those of the Buncombe district were
$14,702. . 80 that one aha man jn Hertford
pars a much tax a four white men in Bun-
coiulie district . ' . , ' ,
Third allegation. Martm district has a pop
ulation of 8,028 and one Senator. Haywood,.
district ha a population of 21,0 J and on 8 n-
ator, one voter ia Martin equal to in Hay
wood.;'.: ; ,. 1 ' 1 . . -' " " " ;
Reply. lh aiJCregale poiiUlatioa of th
Martio district le more than two-tliirds of that
of the Haywood district Martin district vu
asseMedin fll.na, uaywooa district
was then s5.tesed 7,ei3S.' 80 thst one white
man in the Martin district pajs ss much to.
wai.la Ue expenses ol the Uovernment a three
while men in the Haywood uittuct.
Foio-ih alle"-itIoB.rThe population of nert-
TJr1, l:V;t!i!'; ,lort1amptoa,an Wrtii-lirktf
is tl.Osif, and has tour benatora. The popu
latiun ot Runcornl, Hvwxd, Iredell nd a ir
ry is 119,2'i'f, and h:re four Swustnrs,n94-lyone
to ' ";""'"." ' ' -----r1: .
R.-ply, The segregate population of thewiM
Emisiii districts u nearly one half of that of
tJ,e41 Wetcro (H trier. , 7 he ttXe.M-s.sd.
on th U Ei'fnru '.!.trict la 1 v.'J. amountwl
t,. ( ia ai
y. Those then wi w-. on the as.L
dnUitili'unt.J to.',00'). to tbat
one white man ia Hertford, Bertie, Northamp
toa and Martin district, pays more taxes into
ths publio treasury than six white men iu Bun
combe, Haywood, Iredell sad Surry districts. '
. But, says Cot Byaura: "Iti admitted that
property must be protected but how doe this
prove that the poor land of Henderson is not
entitled to eomd protection with tbe rich land
of Hyde f That the poor man'e little is not as
dear to him as the rich man's much, and tbat
he is nut as anxious to protect it by wholesome
UWSt" ' . -'.'. ', ..... t
; To "-which I reply, la the words of a great
tatetman and a great master of the English
language. I read from the works of Edmuml
Burke who, speaking of the true rights of men in
society, sxys: "la this partnership all men have
equal rights, but aot to equal things. . He that
has five shilling ia the psrtirshlp has as good
a right to it as he that has five hundred pounds
hss to his larger proportion.- But he ku not a
right to an equal dividend in the product of tbe
J joint stock ; and as to the share ot
Ihorttr fttKft direction, wltkb tsmih individual
ought to have ia the management of the Btete,
that I must deny to be among tbe direct origi
nal righta uf meu ia civil so.jty ; for I hare,
ia my contemplation, the social man aud no
other. Itia thing to be settled !y convention.",
J commend tla who! l esutiful .esay teift
which the above extract is taken, to the consid
eration of those who bear me. - n y tnlitled
reflectione oa tbe revolution ia Prance,' J
ask for nothing that is unjust, 1 duaire hi give
the West that due weight in the council of the
State to which her number ant entitled, but I
aak for th East that protection to which ber'
interest is entitled. I protest against the prin
ciple which would phice that intcreet at the
mercy of the mere number of the West. If a
white man ia Henderson pays a tax of but one
dollar en hi land, and a white maa ia Cravea
Ciy two dollar on the like quantity, it ia revolt
g to every man's sense of justice that the white
man ia Henderson should not only be equally
protected ia the enjoyment of hi property, but
should also bar th right of disposing, as bis
will, af two dollar belonging to the White maa
la Craven for every one dollar of his owa.
I was greatly edified by the movementa of
the gentleman trom Rutherford ia his introduc
tion of the amendment under consideration.
Aa amendment which deprive tbe East ot. all
representation of ber property, and of alt pro
tection says the generosity of the West! The
air of sincerity with which h enunciated, his
political dogmas was admirable. Ug wh
uateqby r tJproawwWa) taterest t
her mistakes, he hoped that the West would be
allowed to come to her. and was so very affec
tionate, that I thought h would open h is -arms
ana give ns on long ana jovtog embrace, i
watched hi countenance, ander ths impression
that I might detect a smile lurklna around the
4 earner of hi mouth, but no, he we as cata at
a summer morning. 7: l envlea us consummste
oomposur. I ' have not had tiri teexaia
the benevolent provisions which tb gentleman's
ordinance would mak for i,rj the printed
copy was placed in mv hands ouly aftw minute
before I got ap, but I tax aa example there
from, alntrw at random. - v .
, To Halifax and MorthampUm united the del
egate propose to give one Senator, and to th
County of Yadkin be proposes give one Sen
ator. Those Countiee have a white population
of lt.MO, aad an ageregato population ef
$3,814, and were assessed ia the year 1800 by
way of taxation, $33,0tf5.
' Yadkia la a whit population of 9,100, aa ag
gregate population of 10." 14, and was assessed
in ISflO, 1 4,4 31 So Ysdkinwith a little over
wo-4liir.l ba white population of Hait&t and
Northampton, aot one-third the aggregate pop
ulation, and not one-seventh tbe taxation would,
under the delegate's amendment, be entitled to
aa equal representatioa in th Senate. ; The re
mark of tb delcgato, that should his purpose
to serve the East, aa well s-tjths West, be detest
ed, he thanked God be had done hia duty, can
now be duly appreciated, It reminded me of the
Quaker' prayer : ,,..!
- -Of" blw m mI y if.
- rv v mq mm wiia,
IT km uii mm awiw, .
!,..... gva4 forrraMaa
i . Am."
"God bless "Rutherford and Polk and McDqw-
ell and Burke and Yadkia, but let Halifax and
.Northampton stand outiu the eoU. - But, not
withstanding tu delegate placidity of coun
mijl..,i, 1.1 1 ,s .. . .
'Will yna watk tntai aiy parltir, sslJ Ui spidsr to
tns ay 1
We all kno w tbe fate of the fly had he accepted
tbe invitation delegate can . make the appli
cation. ' '.'; t .f,
I will now proceed to examine the complex
ion of tbe House of Commons, uuder tb report
of tha delegate from Lincoln, apportioning th
repreeentatiou on the white basis 1 " ,
Edgecombe with a whit population of 6.879,
an aggregate population or 17,8; 8, and taxe
eeessed a 1800 to $24,819, is allowed one meat.
, Wstaiiga pay an aggrcga'e tax of $ 1 ,408, and
with leas than two-thirds the white popuiatioa
of Edgecombe, with a little over one fourth the
aggregate popuiatioa, and with b.u than One-
tuteenth tne taxation, is allowed on meiaher.
But it may be said that the source of taia
tlon have diminished in the East; to which I re
ply that It la reasonable to suppose they bsve
diiniuwhed in the West in a like ratio. - But to
meet this objection I will add the tax on real
estate and polls. The real estate tax nf Edge
combe, $5,407. Watauga, $778,03. Poll tax of
Edgecombe, $1,680, Watauga $133, so that
E lgecomb pay seven times a larfrer land tax
than Watauga and more than ten time the poll
tax, and yet they are to be equ-il in the Com
mons.;.' '' ';.'? :
Halifax has a white population of 6,641, an
aggregate population of 18,4-ji, a taxa
tion aiwed in 1800 of $18,033,- tax on real
estate of $t,500, Snd on polls ol $1,017, an t U
allowed One member. J - ' - -
t Polk has a whit population of 8,S17,snd an
(.r-rreitat of ,ua, na apu'reate tasaium 01
$1,502, and a tax on real esinte of $739, snd in ;
polls of $303, and is sllowed one member. . .
. 80 Halifax with nearly twice tiie white pop.
ulstlon of Polk, more than four time tbe air-
gregate population of Polk, more than twelve
time th aggregate taxation, six tirre the tax
One real estate, and more than twelve times the
poll tax, ha only the amereprwoiution in the
CotuniOn.'-' '' r'" .it ........
' Pesufort with on snd one half the wbit popu
lstioe of Jsckson, nearly thre times the se
gregate population, nearly cine times the ag
gregate taxation, four time the taxation on
iral estate, and seven tibes the poll tax, is en
titled only to the earn repreilioa in tl.e
C'nm'a-. ' --
Eeitie, withe white pcpubit'o: of 5 ' -'10, si
"et'v,TM,'atrvB fif .$MI.X.?!,4 ,,'-"' ', I T.t-'X-.
sion In 1 ) $ll,27J, ta r al eata", '--.1, on
the poll t jfi 1, i allowed one member in the
CoinmotiS. ; - -i
- A!lr"''ry wish twOwtldrd ti.e !,'! ppi!v
tlon of ilvrtie, one-fourth the s: " -site popn'a.
tioa, one ninth the ""rregat tas...on,ie-ti:'ih
the rcij,! es 'e tr-v, a , i to s-r h t-.e poll tax, is
i lowed one nii-tiift-r. '' " ''
- But lest U may be siiJ that I eiie extrera
esses, I ill t'i( t three smrrj t.,t itn !et coun
ties in the Eit in while population, snd com
pare them with nme countie in the West. It
rnunt always be remembered, ia this srguinent,
that the proposed smendment to the Coimtitu
tion apportions the Senate, naWflJ as Commons,
oathewbite hiv:,':-"--j.-'-- 1 ' .- .- -.
Jone Hertford and . Wanv-nv have an a.-irrs-gate
white popuiatioa of 11,074, a whole popu
latlon of 20,t, an aggrtTrute taxation of $27,
854, oa real estate $8,3. on tlw poll $7,950 snd
are allowed three members.
-- Tbe three' toimtie anecified f&m Aii!ii in ?.
gregate taxation to YaaocV. Wilkes, Polk, Ma
eon, Haywood, Cfccrok.e, Buncomlav Hender
on, ami as tay, Mitchell and Tranylvatli
were formed fioin those csmnti.-s since tha as-'
eeaament. I artd. them alno.- The counties are nl-,
tiiwcut llitrAM mm.L . . "
.. ...n.. ...
. On,t w1iIa ....... ... : T ... t t r .
Warren pays taxes than five white per
tins in.the couutie spceitled. , ,,v :
New HanOver, ine'u.ling Lillingtoa, which
hiwnever ln emitblbthml, was swenaed $W,--'
878 in 1880 lu gn'regat tnxes, and is allowed
two tnrml-ra, ,. , . ';;-,.
Iredell, pavidna,;Tadkln, Wilkes and tn
ion are allaweti ten meuiWt, ami p:y nearly
the same aggrec ate tax of Kew Hanover. The
whit populate nt , these counties, is 6C,8iS, "
the whit population of Jv'ew Hanover is 10,.
17. One white person In Kew Hunover pays '
- -. v 1 v ...t w J " . 1. 10 ... ,u WUU :
tie specifiexl . ,''',! . '
' The delegate from Lincoln selected psrticu'ar
ce fr coma iwrn. ' I Hlave Ixeu-fiir more
general. 8trt tor put the matter beyoad doubt, -I
beg to submit, that the, white 'population ot
tbe East ie almost two-thirds tbat of the West,
while the ggros.'Ht popuiatioa ia about equal.
Giving, to tbo West he central counties, ach
,wbite persoa in the Eaxt pavs about $1.60 to -the
head, in the West about 73 cent, Divl
ding the aggregate taxation of tlie East by the
aggregate popu'ation, it 1 diacovered, tbat
each white 1 e.aoiijiiejrro, mulatto and quadMoa
It, tK. V.o. ... m. 4A 1 1.. .... . . .. . . I. -
aa mtii h t.v . . e w . u I , 1. . ..
eminent than each white person ia the West
And yet It i seriously proposed here to exclude
the whole colored race from representation,
vtot only depriving tbe East of the represent.
tiv benefits to be derived from one-third of ber
population, but also depriving her of. all repre-'
eentatioa for her taxation. To consummate such
a meaturv wqU;,i violate every principle of
justice. ''H-f- '"'4 '' ':'',':' : - "5v
We have be, oited,4lr. Prcsideiit, to the er
ample of other Mta n.. r.i. r.. ;
i,incoin cesire vt tttejr wlnpit f Would
general contentment and k,p,rfnMs of her peo
ple. their publio and Privav.
I nnaof tham labor wealth and
ps, Woking va un, i.i.iriiM,.Vir tUem any
better fate than to live In a land suvM Nnh
Varonmi, wHii wnacrvawrOrjirtncipiy wuirn
preserve net people from tue munu leptv. 0f '
thoa States . whose cxamplt , we sreVj,.
I them hare given up the conservative principle
1 01. ineir Lonwiiuuomv anu, wum, luem, tueir
I publio virtue also, politic with them Is uow
VJoti, snu tue puiito. servant ua become tne
.fi u . , .. ... t . 1 !.. . 1 1....
Jiuiiliu pecuiLur. Lsifvm uvuvaiitj iu acv ih j; ui u,-
ed here thoe principle which have there con
taminated the btwly politic 1 I know he doe
not I know he has n eye single to the honor
and inten st of hia State, Of all men in the
Western delegation noted for their conservatiHia
and ability it is to him I would have appealed "
to stay th progress of Tsdiealisiu. But v w hen
van k. .TinmiMhM . 'ith HtiltriMt -fliiiv.
ger,.to strike tue uie out. or tne constitution.
In an sifony of ,desJk.l ), f jned to evctsim
' ! i :- .. .
"' I Ihave no purpose to cripple the resources of
tbe Wrt My lKsom never glows with warm
er feeling ot patriotism tbso when contempla
ting ber unbounded treasures aud the gen
erous 'Character- of j her jeoplfl. i My , voice
shall ncvor 1 raised against any practi
cable end' honest eifort to aid her indus
trial energies, and 1 hope to live to see the
day when, stalling at Weldon with my children -and
friends, I can go on a pic-nic excursion to
th Blue Uidge, there to enjoy the hospilalitie
of its people and inhale heal ih from its turigora
ting atmoephere. -The whole State requires our -..
whole exertion every section of it need our
aid in it further devclopement. While I pic
ture to ffituelf the sublimity of the mountain
scenery of ths West and her exhaust leas mineral
resources, w-faea I ilexire to aid her people by
I, "wy ativanuige ma. mioiinii iii.provemeni can
every advantage tuat lnlerntil Improvement can
East, fur which comparatively lime has been
done lying on the shores of a vast inland sea.
interspersed with Que river, th lower Koanoke,
the broad and deep Chowan, the Perquimans,
the Pasquotauk and the North river, all capable
of floating abips of heavy burden, flowing into'
the Albemarle Sound, and yet almost shut out
from the Ocean, - Let me hear the echo of the
steam whistle in the tunnels of the mountains ;
but let ma see, ali, the commerce of the Allte
marle region make Us way in ships and steam
boots thriBr;h a magnifkaut canal, into Kortulk
barbfirand ..past the f apes across the broad At
lantic,.;. '.-.....-...V.: r r I - ' "
Letusutiiteour.aiiergie,U!tu doequaljustici; ,
but kt ua spen-4lie Const itution spare it, 1
beg you touch aot a single Conservstlve iea
ture,nd ere generation parxe sway, you wilt
thsnk God that you resisted temptation and re
tained thoaepriuciph which, in t heir operai ion,
prescrvs this food old State liom the demoral
izing radicalism of the day.
'j TtfPOhTAKT' DtCfUBATIOH JIT TRR FaPKCH
EiiPEnon. The Vienna journal )tihllih pea
from Paris stating that, dining the Vt financial
.panic in .London. Earl Cowlev, by order of hie
govern men., m li.-itcil the rrmrgelie mediutlnn
of the Emperor npolv-,m in favor of peace, snd
received from l.ia " IV tii" following ri ply r
"In the yeir ls"y an I 1804 Eniftand opp..w,
my proposals in refrriii. eto thcsctilrment of the
Venelian 'and Sclueswiar l'-d-tien question,'
Sow Engtan'f' want peHco. I u : m de.n ru pe ice;
but as the mo-t f.ioii'e 1 irtunnna laft
leen frittered awav, and is tlie conflicting 111-
tercta have let-n peincie.l to run h a point at
whk-li tli" v iiiii-f c ii-'i, I can on Wnger assume
the nsponsibiiity of cv- :'. .
A CtitE tor I-Cr.o ino Sail. A nuin
ber of person tfirr from thi eopiplHlnt, we
append the folio win ! sdv whielt we clip -
j fn-rn an exehae!-" : v
"Put a sinuli 1 m c 1,1 I u iu S fyoi.u ami
hol.'l it over a biuin until it Im'Coiiics veiy Jmt,
snd dro)) to or lur- e i!i'ii I,, twi--n t c nail
and the crumil.it 101. . J i.e h'i ct i aiiwe-t mat
iral, 1 1'iiiri and t' n ', i"f hUmc i ml,
and in a few liavs t.e ..:.,, n l ) nnf -leivtnz
the iii-e -.e-1 . v ii-l . of
all fvfciiosr, and loo e-.:.:e ol 1.,.: u.,u i- i I so
ns to sdtiiit of h p.rej a ear, ft, loit any-
iufnnvi'nirf!Te: '1 on - t I, -
puin if tbe ta'!w is proj.ei-lv b !- 1.
Dasoi k or v. t
.ttrul youna; men 1.1 1.
by weariiig ptipcT fu
ennn.e !iog the r..ii.i
ofti p! ys- is. , v
and rr-i'l e- t u t
11 b 3 b 1 .6 r r i
I'm ..h Cot I .41
. ei! )
1 1 mien