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JOB WORK eieeated with neatness st the Pssti.
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WHI,I) RATHKK HB KK II T THAV JUE rRIill)KNT'..llmrT CU.
; VOL.1. RALEIGH, SATURDAY, JANUARY 20, 167. NO. 70.
l!Ait( ai. Bknkictt 0kssf.rvativrOheei.et
lt certainly i a strange tact that Greehy
should have to reprove H.niiett for radioaTisTti.
The l Tribune says :
Tin" New York Herald now head the hunt
fur tin; impeachment of President Johnson.
We. choose, not to prejudge the evidence which
he uddu'-eil in support of Mr. Ashley's or
Mr Loan's proposition ; liut we Iwp; Congress to
bear in mind that the Herald waa at least
e.pially zealous and persistent in driving a
Democratic Congress to pass the Nebraska liill,
which it now (trulv) declares to have been the
initial, essential cause of that party's downfall.
Day after ilav, it taunt the Democracy and
"poor l'icrcu"'with their latal shipwreck, on the
N-ptrfw TW, thottgh tho ileraU was Hserf eh
pil ,t whi"h drove them under full headway
thereon. Where shall its malicioua mockery
llnd it next victim f"
The continued circulation of Heiinetl a Her
old, in the South, reflects upon the intelligence
and sincerity of our people. We think the
moit morbid curiosity cannot justify the support
which is given ly Southern gentlemen to Ben
nett's Herald- paper and a man to utterly
without character, and wholly undeserving of
sympathy. The 'trifune may have gone further,
and charge! the Herald with having been one
of the chief instruments in inciting and stirring
up the war feeling in the South, in 18B0-1.
TheNewYwk lltndd and S C. Standard
hare attained the bad eminence, of being reck
less and unscrupulous to attain an end, however
ruinous that end may be to others or the coun
try. II Southern tiicn desire to patrooire Radical
piper that are honest, let tlrem take the New
York Tribyneot ttt G reemboro' Union Register,
but if they desire to I properly posted in
Northern politics, and to have th antidote
along with the poison, we recommend unequiv
ocally the National Intelligencer at Washington
and the New York World. These are not only
the ablest, but they are truly conservative jour
n&b, and are superior, in our estimation, in
character, reliability and general intelligence to
any pspcrs North of the Potomac.
Ofn. GnMT.T-The Salisbury Old A'orjA
Slat raisea the name ol Gen. Grant for the neat)
Presidency. There are two kinds of bad pay"
masters It is said : one pays in advance and the
other never pays. In this ce. we judge our
extemporary l4ong to the first cls. As we are
not jet invited to the wedding, we lear, if we
take oir scat at tho feast, foo soon, we shall I
ihtUtd out. Seriously, wt think our neighlmr
premature. 11 those who are more immediate
ly interesting themsel vrt in the next Presiden
tial election, who areTn lavor ot the Constitu
tional Colon, shall uoinliiate Gen. Grant at a
proper time, wc may give hjm our support; but
we must be sure he has a n.ife platform in this
respect, before wc can commit ourselves.
-We t.ke Ut same .position in regard to "impar
tial suflrage." We are no sticklers fit'rlmpM
sibllities, nor have we any groundless prejudices
ugainit colored, people. The present voters of
U the States are the constitutional judges of
ufffage-.- Wli'efi TTi'Slt fnt !ttnr! if reft tj tin
judgment of the voters ol the Stales, they will lo
full justice to the colored copele, slid we shall
be ready to acuieaiailailudr division. Or when
the Congress will submit any plan a condi
tion rtoinciluiUon, that tlie huIIi can adopt
with safety to her own existence without clis
honor, we are ready for it.
Spring Wheat from Russia for Distribution.
The Commissioner of Agriculture is in re
ceipt, per late steamer from Kurope. of a large
tiailitv ot lh celebrated Amantaka (ipring)
wheat, from Odessa, Unssia, lniMrteil by the
Detiartment for distribution among the agricul
tiinstaof snch stations of the country as sue
ciWully cultivate spring wheat. The weight
f this grain is about sixty-tlve pounds, and its
superiority has been teste.l dttrinff the past
sesson on the experimental farm of the Depart
ment. It wfll le distributed with the assurance
that its general intnxluctiou will prove of great
lieneflttrr the wheat growing interests of tli
I'nited States. Xal. IuLUtotnrM-.
Weho) that the planters of North Carolina
will procure some of this wheat. No portion of
the Lnion raises Ult4-r wheat than North Caro
lina. Inilwxifirst mialit) North Carolina flour
is eiil to any in the wotld.
PliK l,-JA sutlicient iudicntion of, the scar
city ol money in our market at present, may be
seen in the reduction in price of the necessaries
of lilc, and wares offered for mile. A reduction
is observable in many articles in almost every
line of business, fish, flesh and fowl, usually
forsnjo from the country carts, meet With no
purchasers who can comply with exorbitant
demands. - -Wt totit:e t hat iU-ad hogs sold in
market yeatcrdny morning lof II cents per
'pound, decidedly the most moderate figure ot
the season, but one which, in the midst, of the
present! depression, wss not accepted with any
exhibition ol eagerness or avidity.
I' ii Una a brighter era in the business line
a dawns opon-H, we my look fir -still fur
thcr rodootions. ViL Journal.
AsoTHKH Ukro Hkoi'oiit Homk. The re
mains ol Capt, W'm. T. Marsh passed through
oor place on Tuesdav, accompanied by bis
Ifothcr Mnj. Ed. 8. Marsh.
('Upt. M. was wounded at the battle of An
. Metawontbc 1.7th. S ft. wl'il in com
mand of his Co. "I" 4tJi N. C , and died tight
days after ironi its eflWts.
It wilt bu a melancholy satislactiou to his
Mends, to learn that he now sleeps his last
lcrp peacefully in I be family burial ground in
Halh. Anotlivr martyr to our "Lost Causc."
A proposition is on foot to build a new
Custom House and Post Ollics in Ncwlvem,
For the Sentinel.
Sknate Chamber, )
Hu.mgu, Jan. 24th. 187. (
Editors ok the BkntInei. : Gentlemen, I
noticed in the Sentinel, of the 22d. inst., an
article taken from the N. . Herald, which
states, from information received, that there
exists is North Carolina, hi Union county, a
teeret orgnnitiUion. revolutionary in its charac
ter, and the meniliers are sworn to secrecy, tc.
I am a citizen of Union County, and It Is a
part of the .Senatorial district which I have the
honor to represent in the present General As
sembly. That there are a lew misguided and
unsuspecting men, moved and lead by design
ing and corrupt politicians and wire-workers,
tail hat e'tk'fi lr!ghtene.T Knit' Influenced To
join the "Ked Strings," or the so called "Loyal
League," I think, from what I have recently
heard, is probable, and a few others, with the
hope of reward which has been delusively held
out to them, I also think, may sympathize with
them. But that the great majority or the peo
ple ut Union county, the intelligent and miIj
stantial part ot the citizens, have any complicity
in so nefarious a scheme as the one alluded to
by the fawW'i correspondent, I deny, and pro
nounce it utterly false and slanderous as to them.
I was informed only two days before I left
home, that there was some such a teeret move
ment on foot in my County. A respectable gen
tleratn told me he had been approached by an
individual who desired him to sign a petition,
to join a secret aociety and to take an oath Ac,
and tbat he waa told by tlu) individual if ha
would do so, bis laud would not be confiscated,
but that if be did not, confiscation was inevita
ble. Thus I am convinced Meters. Editors, con
fiscation is the scare-crow that is used to intim
idate the ignorant and weak-kneed, id fright
en them to sign a petition to Congress to dis
solve our present State government and recon
struct ns. The reward oifered, ss I am informed,
is, that all who join the league, "so-called,"
are to escape confiscation and the train of evils
laid np tor the sheep of another flock, for those
who have not tho mark of the beast upon their
foreheads. And in this et parte way, Messrs.
Editors, the wishes and ttattu of the "purely
loyal" citixens of North Carolina are represen
ted at .Washington City, in contradistinction to
the other class, called secessionists, reliels, dis
I am well acquainted with the people of
L'nion county. I have had intercourse and
dealings with rtem for thirty years. They
have I tut owed their lavors upon, and honored
m with many respectable positions. I know
them, ami know them well. There were few
original secessionists among them. They were
opMiacd to the initiatory steps which brought
on the late disastrous and cruel war ; but when
war became inevitable; when the issue was
made up; when the edict went forth and sum
moned us all to the battle field, Union county,
a did other true patriots, rallied around the
standard of the South. Our people determined
if they must tight, they would do so in liehalf
of their own homes, their wives and children,
their property and everything sacred and dear
to them, in onr beloved South. My county
sent some 1800 or 1400 soldiers to the battle
field who fought as bravely as the bravest, and
thoae who lived to .witness the defeat of our
armies ami the loss of the Southern cause, tired
of war, worn down by the trials and privations
nt thmer willingljujaid down theix arms,
took the Oath of allegiance to the Unitedotates,
are as loyal to the government as any people in
the Union. Thev arc now disposed to spend
.the balance of Uieir days in peace and quietude,
and lo engage in irying io numi up mcir wi
fortunes, to support their families, pay their
debts, and preserve the credit, the honor and
dignity of the "good old North State" and of
the Uniou. May God help them to do it. And,
Messrs. Editors, "for any designing and corrupt !
men or set of men, insorder to gratify their own
ambition, to effect their maddened and crazy
schemes, seduced and instigated by an evil
spint, to set tra, to dig pita, and blind fold,
not only the people of Union but those of the
State, generally, to plunge them again into
difficulties, ruin and war, to approach them in
"sheep's clothing while iuwardly they are raven
ing wolves," what shall 1 say of such f Shall
I say llaomin gallows is not high enough to
hang thcrt on f No ; I will not say that to you
of them, but I will say to them, they are digging
a pit for their own burial, so deep, that the
hand of time will not resurrect them.
I). A. COVINGTON.
Got. Weill Menage.
New Orleans, Jan. 24.
Gov. Wells measage favors the adoption of the
Constitutional amendment. It assumes that
Coogreas will demand impartial suffrage, de
nounces the police and anti ennventionist for the
July riots, urges increased tax for the mainten
ance of the State credit, favors the proper pro
portion of tho School Fund for negroes, and
urges that indiicempts lie made lor foreign em
igration. Supreme Court Decision in Alabama.
Montgomery, Ala., Jan. 24.
Chjel Justice Walker, has delivered au opinion
in the Supreme Court, reiterating that the State
was a defarto government under the Confede
racy. Guardians or administrators who invest
ed in Confederate bonds, or received money, in
good faith and, all kindred transnctiona,are made
valid by this. decision, - . . ,
A Unt.ic. There is now in the poasession of
the Wilmington Library Association, an old vol
ume entitled "Office of a North Carolina Justice
of the Peace," printed by James Davit, in New
hern, N. C, in the year 1774, and presented to
the Association by Griffith J. McRee, Esq., pre
vious to;thc war.
This antique fooVing volume is the first book
ever published in Nurth Carolina, and is neatly
printed in the old . style letter on what must
t icn have been considered excellent paper, but
which is now much faded and worn. Wilming
: The colored population of Petersburg, Vir
ginia, are taking measure to provide lor the
indigent of their own class, and propose to es
tablish a souphouM for that purpois.
Virginia Conference ok the Noktiikiis fr the Sentinel.
Methodist Curitrit. The Virginia and North T t,, ivr.i,. r t, ni a...v,i
Carolina Miss.on Commence of the Metho. To tl,e Member, of the General Aiembly.
Episcopal Church was organized in the citv of W 1 V ?f"rtn fafotiua been Considered bc
Kichmond, Va , hv Bishop Scott on Thursday I'"hI Ij r, Slst' r 'Slu1'' 111 roKTl in. almost all
the 3d January. On the first dav four members ! ll"' ''' f itment of civilized life, Education,
were enrolled, namely : Kcv. . I. "S. Mitchell, D. Vui'icultiirc, Mechanic Arts, Ac Whether or
1)., late of the New York Episcopal Conference hot it is true, that she is Im-UiuI, is not the
and Rev. T. 11. Ifaynes, .1. W. Grant, and James Tiention. '" whether she is so regarded. That
Mitchell, of the Baltimore Conference. Sul.se- .u' is so regarded cannot be denied, and that
quently, Kevs. John S. Biis and Cl.arl. s . then-Is a cause, why it is so.
Davis were re-admitted ; Iievs. John W. Na h.r j I "der the British government, heie little
and II. A. T. Harris were admitted Irom 'the I fin"r wr's s,"wn " N"r,,' Carolina, its early
Protestant Methodist Church ; (ev. Snniiel . ; K,tl!ers ielt the importance of education, and
Keen was received fnin, the' Methodist New I ui' lt thty could lo promote it. Witness
Connection Church in Canada; and U.-s .las Mi""" College at Charlotte. Subsequently,
ir.roMilT, TViU' KAwirnL'T Wi... C. jraflieU's w-nirrAitniihmHrof war-lWnnwr.-T1 was
and John T. Miller rvcre received on tri al. I '"'1"'" 1 in that instilment, (Sect. 41.) That
Saturday a Conference Misionarv Society. Tract
tsociety, and Mimlay School i niou were ornn
ized. In April, lHiit!. this work cominenccd nith
about 55 members and 2 ministers; now it mini
bers 65 members and 15 ininisUrs. V. have
no church of our own in Richmond. Will you
not lend me the aid of your journal to secure
.from our Iriends at least $50,000 for such a pur
pose J I need not tell you how important such
a lodgement in Richmond has become; wm
know it well. Please lend us your valuable
The Conference session closed mi Monday.
January T, alter asission of four days. Tin
following are the appointments of the Virginia
and North Carolina Conference:
Virginia J'tittr irt. f)avnl ii. While. P. V.
Richmond, James Mitchell; Petersburg and
City Point, James W. Grant ; Williamsburg and
Bigclow's, C. S. Williams; Hampton and York
town circuit, S. R. Kean ; Portsmouth and Nor
folk, T. II. Hay ties.
C. A. Davis, chaplain in navy, stationed at
Naval Hospital, Portsmouth, Virginia.
Xorth Carolina Hittriet.-,1. S. Mit hell. P. I...
Raleigh to be supplied. Charlotte to be sup
plied. Lincolnton. W. G. Mutton; Dilh v, W.
Rawlins; Wilkes, II. A. r Harris; Yadkin. J.
T.Miller; Piedmont Spring,, . I. H. Post. II.
JVVw York CirUtutu A leitf'tti, y.o.r. 'y JitrJi
tnnnd Chritticiri Adrtfntf.
The alx.ve movement of the Northern Meth
odists Mill surprise many North Carolina Meth
odists. "The Philistines are upon yon," and
you must I up and doing. Sentinel.
Sayings of Great Men.
From the ImCroww Democrat.
Good Tittle boys at school should always have
as incentives to become good and great, the say
ings ol great and good men. v ho have passed
from earth to their home, wherever that home
may la. As there are many good little bovfc in
the land, we take pains to give them the last
words of m me great Republicans, who alone aie
good, great, moral, virtuous, patriotic and law
"I am a law abiding man !" Jhi, Wrnashe
hung as he hung.
"lie died by the Well." --Jim Lane.
"Watches and spoon.8." -Brutt Iiutler.
"That reminds me of a little story!" IInra-
bU Abraham Lincoln.
Let mc kiss him for his mother." Anna Ii, i -
ns.. rtpenklng ot t red. Douglass.
"Keep your cboler." fonij, to pick Taylor.
"Cotton is King." (Jen. Curt it.
"Let my last end be like his." JAj Morton
"A wench by any other Dame would smell ai
sweet. 1 luid.- Meant.
"With thestilTiri spirit. T)t-1 Tatt1!:
"A thousand miles in hell." Her. 0t. flroini !
Who's pin here since I'sh pin gone ;" Dill-
'The last man and the last dollar."
The Union men are persecuted, w hen they ;
are charged with advocating negro suffrage." -
"Fish for the army." font TayltrJ.
"If North Carolina docs not accede, I'll have j
the State." R. T. Blair.
"I leg to lie excused. " V. L. Harrit.
Hoituehn Office-holder Si ill Rt i.tp
Out. I learn that the decision of the Supreme i
i ourt in tne test oat n cases lias received a yery
narrow construction at the Treasury. It is, for
the present At least, held by heads of bureaus in
that department, that the decision dots pot em
brace officers ot thp Government, and that no
salaries can be drawn by officials who have been
unable to take the oath prescribed by the act of
July 25, 1802. From this it would'seem that it
is thought in some quarters that, however plain
ly the reasoning of the court might apply to
other than the very cases iicforc it, the special
mattci decided only should be considered as
settled. Doubtless, this question will receive the
early consideration of the AttorneyO-eneral,
when, it is to be hoped, a different ruling will lw
uniformly adopted. The Government itself is
evidently a sufferer from the limited number of
persons, under wasting circumstances, from
among whom they are compelled to choose the
officers connected with the revenue and postal
systems In the Southern States. -- Wothiniton Irt
terin Baltimore GaieUe:
Ladiks' At ction. Messrs. Cron'y and' Mor
riss. Auctioneers, hehl on yesterday, a novel kind
of auction one tor ladies. The handsome
stock of Iry Goods, Ac., of Mr. J. II. Ander
son, was exposed under the hammer to sale, la
dy purchasers being the only bidders. We up
derstand from one of the knights of (he ham
mer, who figured on this occasion, that the sf
fair was a splendid success. The largo crowd
present, the enthusiastic admiration displnw-d
by them for the beautiful goodsniPt-their evi
dent appreciation of the excellent, t bargains
which they secured, induco us to believe that
quite as large nn assemblage will attend to day
The New York 7W says itrequirei'on income
of nearlv tch thousand dollars to,rTvc comlortii
My lit New York.
Fred Douglass says lie is not permitted now.as
formerly, to enjoy ,thav luxury of a tvholo seat
when traveling. Some people really prefer fit
ting next a "nigger" to standing.
" r!l""' "r school ,lill tr established by the
Legislature for the convenient instruction of
outli, with siicli salai i. to the masters paidby
thr p :llir, as may enable them to instruct at
low prices ; and all useful learning nhnll fie duly
encouraged and promoted in one or tnnre Uni
versities. 'l ire Legislature then is bound. b the Con
stitution, to snst.ibi the I'lmcr-i'v. Now what'
has been done to tnlh'tl ttrr obti-n' kii t An ap
propriation of seven tliousan 1 d .liars was made
a vcar i,(o, and that is !'. as ,r as I have been
iulormi .1, that the I'nm i -ii v has received in
j thtou troubled times. I.esi.ics til : tuition fees
from .its st intents. The n. igliborini Slates of
j Virginia and Sen! h t 'ar'.lina. are sustaining their
I niveisities by lil.irul uihuiiL appropriations
!'.imthc Public Trrfc-itfy. Why should not
I N'Utli ( aroiinii be us uise and liberal .'
It is said that we have' several colleges in our
j State, mid that t.liev have nn equal claim on the
Legislature with the University. Surely no
; reiisonal.le man can think fo. The Legislature
i is bound by the Constitution to sustain the
I hiv.r in. It is not so bound as to other
I coli.-gts. These were built up, ho far as that
i Inn been done, by different denominations of
Christians, lor their own private ends, and have
no ii. ore claim on the Legislature lor aid, than
any of our public schools or academies taught
I for private profit or influence. In Virginia and
S.uih Carolina there are denominational col
i leu. s. yet we i.evir hear of complaints in those
I Statcs.bccausc i lK-ir Universities are t-ustained by
the Slate Treasury. Neither should it lie so in
j North Carolina. Surely every North Carolinian
should flesire to see our University among the
very firt in the land. To make it such, is in
j the power of the General Assembly.
I The meutbeis ol the General Aaaembly have
: the nppoiiniiicnt of the Trustees of the Univer
' sity, mi. I consequently the whole responsibility
j for the management of the University devolves
, ultimately on the Legislature. Hence, the im
portance of selecting suitable persons for so im-
portant a trust ; and yet these appointments
have generally been made of members of the
Legislature without regard to their fitness.
Although removal from this office because of
"improper conduct" is in the power of the Trus
. te. s, yet I have never heard of its being exer
' r ised, and that when some of the Trustees have
never attended a meeting ol the Hoard since
The University has been treated as an orphan
, by the Legislature, almost from its very origin.
I ow what is Ihe result 1 Does a diploma from
j the University of" North Carolina give evidence
j of scholarship ( We never hear of a teacher
j appending to his nuuTe "A. M. of the tJolWrBi:-
i H of N. C," i. s we do of the University of'Vir
i git.ia. Why il!iis; One answer is obvious,
ugoc.-t .1 l.y tin present experience. A,cer
tain -nfinrtM r ' 'nfrvlent must b secured to.
i.iise Irom tuition tees a bare support tor the
laciiltv, and if ouablicd applicants cannot be
bird, such as aiiplv must l received to make
op t he number. Hy rtmaiuimg lour years every
student gets a diploma, although it is well
k:tow'ii that a large number of the graduates
..iiiinil t i-ii.imI I, , In. .1 i nloi.ia ubt-n thfv rftr'ft.vA
it. N)lw iay sav'that the trusteesare to blame
lor pcrmiltiiig such a state of things. But it
cannoi ln r. i iii-iiied until the Legislature affords
noi,.;in' ..id lor tue support ol me Lniver-
Miy, mi' I appoiid iii -ii as Trustees who will take
a pni) -r iiiten.-t ia the University.
ll is said by some that the small number ot
students uow attending the University, is be
cause of prejudice against some members of the
present faculty. This may be true to a certain
If these prejudices nre of a political
character, wc say they are simply absurd. A
man's political opinions have nothing to do
with the subjects taught at the University.
Tile simple question with regal d lo a Professor
is is be morally and mentally qualified for bis
chair ( If he is not so qualified let him be re
moved. If he is, let him be sustained without
regard t political opinions. Wc happen to bev
somewhat acquainted with most of the present j
faculty, and though. we may not be a cotnpe-
tent judge, yt t we und. rtake to allium that there 1
are nu n in tiiat faculty who yvoul l do honor to ;
anv institution of leaiiuitig in Christendom.--S,ume)t
I hem have miid.sacriti, s lo sustain ihe
University which lew uoiild make, liut, after
ail, if the picseiil faculty, either in p.irt or in
whole, is found or belieyed to be incompetent,
let the remedy be applied, mn' suitaole men
appointci. and let such means be used as are
necessary to secure the set vices ol the best men
Till' Salaries ntCbapcl Hill haw- n. w r bet n "ifr.T ;
equate to iho services rendered. .1 yood Ihwk
fjHT ' tilcmdH, in a uu rcaitl 'ile .-.mw, com
tttiiitd.i a liitjher taltiry tlmrt a '-eciw.r tn our
I'nirii tty, hoiefur irarntxl be in.ry lie. In the.
University of Norlh Carolina the al uies ought
p. lc sui i, as w ill secure the l.esi Molts of the
very highest abilities.
An opportunity is uow pieiiejiled of relieving
the tniwr-ity in its impoverished condition,
and. that, too, w ithout draw ing on the public
treasury. Ilow can any legi-laloi oppose this
plan, luih so he. intends lo propose one rum h
more clliciclit (. As long as the ofcrly first sec
lion remain Ll nr Coiisuttitiof, t'hu Leglslatitie
rMiul, will). Ji good cou.-cici.i'c pexiuit the.
University to go down, when they, have the
power to piey.mtithis crttHStoplic If we visll
to see North Carolina clevacd, and lake the
stand among her sister States which she is ca
pable of taking, let the Legislature, and every
palitiot in the rState, arouse and assist in placing
me clow-inn ii, ruin pos.nou, ,i.D. tL rim :
rommam! the respect and confidence of our '
people, und that we may point to it vtilh pride 1
as la ing as illustrious as any other, and that it !
inny be n passport for scholarship, in any part '
f our country, to be a graduate of the Univcr
ity of North Carolina. If literature and the
arts are ever to flourish in North Carolina, the
imversuy must, iw sustained, or we shall be
dependent for these signs and means of civili
zation on our neighbor. It wilt be In Vain
to attempt to raise the lower schools and acade
uii.-a uu to a orooer standard ol attain
ments without the aid ot the University.
i Knowledge never aaceuds. It always descends
irom aiiuve. Let tue I niversity be elevated and
sustained, and as ah inevitable result, all our
scnoois and academies will be elevated with it
and by it.
I haVc no connection with the University, and
never nave nan. liut I teel, as a citizen ot North
Crn!1n; ft flee j i rhterWt Irt g prosperity " '
On the 21st. in the House, Mr. Stevens' bill
and amendment being up at the evening session,
the following interesting debate occurred.
The House met at 7J o'clock for debate on
the reconstruction bill. Mr, Van Horn, ot New
York, occupied the chair.
Mr. Trimble addressed the House in opposi
tion to the bill. He claimed that the last con
stitutional amendment had been rejected ; it
had been submitted to all the States, loyal and
disloyal, and it had not lieen ratified, by three
fourths of them. It it had liecD ratified then
this bill would be in violation of it. He de
nounced It as a bill of attainder, and an potl
facto law ; anil he made several constitutional
points against it.
Mr. Dodge roso to give bis reasons why he
could not vote either lor the bill or lor the
amendment. He hoped he would not, for his
course on this full, lie denounced as a "rengade
Republican. He differed entirely from the
general sentiment on the Republican side of the
House, that the States recently in rebellion were
not States in the Union. Congress had already
committed itself against that view. The con
stitutional amendment abolishing slavery bad
been submitted to them by the General Gov
ernment and bad been ratified by them. In
lt62, when West Virginia was organised, Mr.
Speaker Colfax had made a speech, in which bu
declared that Governor Peirpoiut and the
Wheeling Legislature were the rightful Gover
nor and Legislature of the State of Virginia,
coniR'tent constitutionally to give assent to the
partition of the State. And the last constitu
tional amendment had in the same view been
sent to the late rebel States for ratification; and
he was confident that Congress bad intended
that it should be sent. lie had read carefully
the bill of Mr. Stevens and the substitute of
Mr. Ashley, und be had failed to find in either
the first tiling that promised peace, conciliation,
and harmony. He looked anxiously for peace
and permanent conciliation, and therefore Con
gress should be careful not to pass laws that
could only irritate the people of the South and
perpetuate the hostility between the sections.
lie was not deficient in sympathy for the color
ed men of the South ; but he knew that, under
the circumstances, such a state of things was, in
a measure, to be expected. What was wanted
was something to bring about a better feeling
between the North and the South, and at the
same time alietter feeling between the Southern
man and the freed man.
Ho could not' Sec in either tue l.ill or the
amendment anything of the kind. The result
of the passage of the bill would disfranchise
the largrf proportion of the white men of
thettoathv-whilitttr'wanld enfranchise the col
ored man. Would the passage of such a law
be calculated to create better feeling between
the white and the colored people, or between
the North sinl the South r If the Republican
party in the Stat of New York had laid down
such a programme at the lust election, he bad
no doubt it would have been defeated.
Mr. Radford inquired whether his colleague
was in favor of a Imitting to representation in
Congress any Southern Slate which would rati
fy the constitutional smendmeiit.
Mr. Dodge replie d that he a iiulieitatingly
ill favor of it, provided i.iya! n iircseritatires
were sent to Congress. He resnmnl. and elabo
rated on his mgllio ut that this hill, instead of
being calculated to restore pea. e and concilia I
tion, was calculated to embitter tne feeling I
between the sections, to keep up the irritation,
and to postpone the settlement ot the question, i
Referring to the proposed impeachment of the .
President, be dcpr.cated it as U ing union unate
in a political point of view, but vastly mote ui,
fortunate in paralyzing the iiidustri.il mi, I bust
ne 8 interest of the country. "t
He mentioned the in.tann; nf a chontamV in t
stitution in New York, !., had w.i. to in- '
vest its surplus capital in I niied Siat.-s s.curi
ties, but thai vole loo! It, ii . e-id, i, t on ai ;
count ot the impeachment lop si i.,u and of
this bill. Slid the President ot iheM.!y was !
directed to deposit t lie amount in Ihe New York
Lite and Trust Fund. So it was in a'l branches 1
ot business. He boHit that neither the bill ot j
Mr. Stevens nor the amendment of Mr. Asiiley j
would pass 4 his House
Mr. Hise took I be 1 .or next, and made an ar- J
gument against the lull, lie declared himself
"pp"el to giving wtiy substantial enuw for rev
olutiou or resistance. Hi opinion was that
there never had been a State out of the Union,
and that n.y.e but States .could govern, or be
governed by, the t 'ongr. ss of the United States.
The pow'er was pi. nary and full ti admit States
into the Union, but there was no power conferred
upon 'ngr. s. t -ccservwd to States,, ro expel or
to take a Stale out of life Union.
, Mr. Scofield iusk .1 howt it would have leen if
the Confederacy liaiL succeeded, Would the
rebel States be still States in the Union, under
the Constitution, while thev were running their
own government f
Mr. 1IISK replu d that that u.i.ui.l liavo hew
a caseotaiicccasftil Resolution, and the. State
remaining would have been the United States.
H asked whether Congress yyas realty deter -
'mined to reduce the people .t.il the South to a
condition ntthejw m abj.vt political slavery, as b
this bill pr.ipo.7d. lie criticised the details' of f
the hill tu alio '. iliai it coiileiunlate.l ii... 1
lodiment of dcsNHVllt iu W Soutli-so, despot-
ism lu a country where nothing hut a free reri-
resentativc'tiovernm. i bad ever existed n
could ever exist. He contended that f,ot for-a
oo - mMinnini iiym ,n tj(5
Southern States ever destroyed. It was simply
a non-user on their part, an abstaining from the
rights which they had, and whenever that non
user ceased, and they sent their representatives
here, thry were entitled to admission. The
people of the South exposed themselves) indi
vidually to the penalties ol treason, but under
the agreement by which they laid down their
arms, and under the amnesty proclamation, and
under the pardons granted by the President,
the great body of them were relieved from the
consequences ot their rebellion. As to the
States themselves there was an means known to
the law, by which they could be punished in
their corporate capacity, and they certainly
could not be degraded from their positions in
fiie l'nion-. H is own prwgrarmmwM that thry
should be united, that reconciliation should take
the place of persecution. It was not to be ex
pected that the people of the booth would
Dumbly get on their knees and say, "You Radi
cals are right, and we will sustain all your meas
ures in the post snd all your measures in the
future." That was what was meant by loyalty
a devotion to and adctermination to perpetu
ate Radical power. The word "loyalty" should
not be used in this country ; it should be obse
lete, except so fur as it related to a faithful ob
servftuccuf t.be Constitution and laws. This
bill made the white men of the South the ene
mies of the Government, and only secured the
friendship of negroes, felons, and miserable
Freed rueu's Bureau, civil rights bill, political
adventurers, who are flooding the Southern
States like so many buzzards over a carcass.
Ann all this was done in the name ot liberty !
As Madame Roland said, when sho was led to
the guillotine, in the French revolution : "Oh;
liberty ! how many horrors are perpetrated in
your name 1" It was impossible that the coun
try should much longer tolerate in powers par
ty guilty of so many atrocities, euormities, and
usurpations as the Republican party was euilty
The House adjourned at 10 o'clock.
Correspondence of the Baltimore Sua.
Charles Mason, Esq , President, of th Na
tional Democratic Association, issues a call for
a meeting ot that body In this city on Wednes
day evening next for the purpose of consider
ing the expediency of recommending the Call of
a National Democratic Convention at an, early
day, snd to transact tuch other business as nisy
cqme before it.
General Grant has announced bis Intention to
visit Europe this year, and will probably sail in
April next, so as to be present at the Paris ex
position. He will take his entire family with
Secretary Seward answered a subpeena vbm
the Judiciary Committee of the House to day,
and appeared before it for the purpose of giv
ing testimony regarding the assassination con
spiracy. national banks.
In reply to a request of a National Bank de
pository to have moneys sent out of the natural
channel of collection and deposit, the Secreta
ry ol the Treasury has replied that the policy ot
the department is to concentrate the public
moneys as near as posslblo to assistant Treasu
rer of the United States, and keep them with
IMI'liACUMENT WON'T TAT.
The chairman of the House Ju.dic.a17 Com
ruittee has authorized the statement that Con'
grresa .will- do nothing this session toward
Impeachment. The committee is busy closing
up other investigations, including the alleged
complicity of Jefferson Davis with the assassin
ation conspiracy. If they get through in time
tbsy may take some testimony on impeachment
for the purpose of laying it before the neat Con
gress. I leel warranted in saying that, inasmuch as
the initiative has been formally taken in the
House, Mr. Johnson desires that the inrestiga
tion shall proceed; and so long as tbt impeach-,
ers pursue the Constitution and the law he will -promptly
respond to any charges tbat may be
perferred a'gainst him. But nevertheless, any
attempt to depose by irregular and manifestly
illegal procedure will be resisted by all the
power of the Government.
ob PKosrECTs.' Tarboro' is fast assuming
the rank ot the first inland town in North Cart
tins ; situate in the centre of one of the wealthi
est counties in the State, surrounded by advan
tage ot which tew places can boast, and offer
ing greul inducements for the outlay of capital
in every form, we look t see her at no distant
day take a much higher and more prominent
No place in the State has so soon rallied fn m
the effects ot the late war, owing to theenerget c
spirit displayed by many of our citizens. Tat
Kro Qouthe) nor. ,; 1
The New York dry goods clerks are watched
A. T. Stew'art, of New York, keeps his horses
in a building once used as a Baptist church.
. STATE OS1 NORTH CAROUXA, i
Madisok Copktt. j
Is Eimt Fau. Term, 18Q,
James Nicbols vs. Lai bksck M. ALLxn tt ah.
It , piwsrs totheCeurt that the defeadaats. I.nu'
mx-M. Alien. W. U. Asdsraua sad wits DreU..
Abosr IlaU'en.h and wife Joys Jamas W Uiit '
AllesC Bsily. Mary M. Baity, Dsreas BaiTv W p'
H ljr, Levi i. tvv Et-.sab.th BattT. Marsraret
Bilr. Matth E Baily, J. II. Body, Ai-elis And.-
oa, Hsnderaoa Caraen and wife Joyce, Wiley Hm 1
Jr., A. Dew oe Joua Peck, are bob reeidaal- '..i
the State of North Car.ihn, it is therefore ordered 1
ublicatioa be marts fov lis saeeetriv week ' rn 11 .,
SentiMi, pnblialied in n.eeity of Katrili, c.h.i.im.,,1
ioK them tn appear at the nett l-rm of this IVnlin
he held at the Court' HtnM Usrshnll .,n tl 4th
Monday after the Mb. Ni.o.lsv in April tn-xt, thHn a...j
there to aaswsr tlie but f r,.,ii) B w tn mis can
Witness, J. B KFJiSON, fieri; nl MasteHii Eipiit v
fur the County of Madison, ai nili ia Marititil
4th. Monday after the ttii Jl. nnsy in (September a
, J. B. NELSON, C. M. E.
i. TPV. ..BT;. ,
I TPITR House aiiflXot oa Ttulsbom SC
known ia the
' A PPrvf .
. PP? giioeg .