'--g- r T n 1? q- w 1 rIH AT I? I
RATES OF ADVEUTISIXU.
I ha oiroulation of tht BamisiL makes It aus ef
Th Wiiklt Kimittli pbliahd ery Monday
8ss!i-Wski.t on Saturdays aad Wedaetdsrt
Advertisement!, occupying th ipso of 16 lines ef
minion type or less, which w call a square, we charge
ai follows for Insertion la th weekly :
For oh Insertion, $t M
For two insertions, 1 So
For one mouth, 3
Portwo months, HH
For nix months, 1J
J'or oue year, 20 00
JOB WORK executed with neatness at the Sksti-
ssi. Orrn .
r wnn.n RATiiFn br rticiir itia.v iik pkk!iient" Heur ci.
RALEIGH, WKDMXY, FEBRUARY 6, 1807.
I k Mil I Si .l I ,
Weekly, one f Mf, la adtaoee, $1
genl-weekly, oaa year, in adraaaa, (to
Semi weekly, six months tn adranoe, 1 10
Daily. na yaar, 1 so
Daily, six monthi, 0U
Dally, three, months, 3 00 .
Daily una month, 1 00
For the Sentinel.
The Grand Lodge ot North Carolina, K. A. M.,
met in Masonic Hall, Raleigh, Feb. 2, 1867.
It, W. Bro. Robert W. Beat, Deputy Grand
Mauler as M. W. Grand Master.
M. W. Hro. Wiu. O. Hill, P. 0. Muster, a
Deputy Grand Master.
K W. Bro. R. K. Speed, Junior Grand War
den, as Beotpr Grand Warden.
U v. Bro. John JJicliols, Past Junior Grand
Warden. , .
. VV. iWo.C W. It. Hutehtnga, Grand Treaa
""w. Bro. John B. Neathery, aa Grand (secre
Bro. A. Kline, as Senior Grand Deacon,
llro. J. H. Heparin, as Junior uraua ilea-
Hro F. G. Foster. Grand Marshal.
w! Bro. W. J. Palmer, as Grand Sword Bearer.
W Bro. W. J. Hicks, as Grand Pursuivant.
w! Bro. J. E. Matthews, i Grllri(, 8u,wimU.
W. Bro. 8. E. Linton, (
W. Bro. J. M. Belts, Graml Tyler.
There were present also a large number of
Masters, Wardens and brethren from various
Lodges 'under this jurisdiction, and many visi-
lTue Grand Lodge Las opened in due form.
Prayer bv K. W. Bro. H. W. Best.
The M. W. Grand Muster made the following
HlltTiiRKS : A special session of the Giand
Lodge ot North Carolina, has been called for the
purpose of performing the last sad rites of Ma-
mime hwm w mm imuiy. ui our.uvuEmri.r "
Grand Secretary W. T. Bain, who departed this
life on the 1st instant, at 3 o'clock, A. M., in the
74 h year of his age.
It is seldom that Grand Lodges art called
upon to pay the laat tribute of respe 1 to their
Grand Officers, and I presume that no Grand
bodge in this or any other State, has ever leen
ailed upon to accompany to their final resting
place the remain of one, who was more be
loved and respected than lain whose remains
we are now about to convey to the grave.
Brother Bain was not only known in this
Maonio jnrisdicUon, but had a national repu
tation, and was, perhaps, more universally res
igned and beloved than any other Grand Secretin--
in this country.
I!ut he rests tiom his labors -where
A Jewel waits lain, unite- stone.
Where Ins name m odors bright,
(dram in lines of liquid light ;
There the itoysi Hast watt....
Tn clothe in rotssi of prime ly ttc,
To honor him with angels sight
And crown him with a mm of life
Nothing, therefore, remain, but
"The last set to die the evergreen ami sod,
favehiecleyinthe earth hie spirit with God.''
The Graad Marshal announced the following
Brother John It. Harrison, Bearer of the
M otnu W. 1). Williams, P. M. ; E, Smit'i,
W. E Lee, J. W. Beaslcy, J 11. Moore, P. .1 G.
W . 8. D. U mated. D. W. Allen and J. J. Chris
tophers, Pall Bearers.
The Lodge service was erfornied in due
form, after which the Grand Lodge proceeded
to the late residence of the deceased, and tonic
charge of the body, thence in the Methodist
Episcopal Church, wher.the burial service was
performed by Rev. II. T. Hudson. From the
Church the procession proceeded to the City
, Qsnjeterjv mkert Uit bOdj, .wm deposited in the
grave tn acenrdance with the 'ioctetft rim ot ;
the fraternity, R. W. Bro. Koleri W. Beat, offi
ciating. The Grand Lodge thmreturned to the Hall,
the officers in their Mtierat ttwmd pWss, ,
when IL W. Ero. II. K. Speed, in a brie but
touching address, paid a glowing tribute lo the
memory of the deceased-
Bro, . B. Neathery offered the following
which was unanimously adopted :
The Grand Lodge of North Carolina, has
heard with the dei-H.-st sensibility, the announce
ment of the death of otir venerable Brother,
William Thomas Bain, honored and beluved by
all for bin unswerving attachment to the princi
ples of our kneient and honorable order; the
Vrightaea. integrity and piety that has char
actcrixed his long and mufti I life, and the ardvr,
real and faithfulness with which for more than
a quarter of a century, he has discharged the
duties of Grand Secretary ot this Grand Lodge.
With a character in all the relations of life
worthy of our remembrance Hlll emulation, b
has gone down cloudless in the west, full of
vears and full of honors, leaving behind him an
influence lor good, which will longuiirvive him.
The Grand Master is requested to appoint
some Mother to deliver an address on the life
snd character of Brother Bain, before the
Grand I,od(re in December next.
That the Grand Lodge Room' le draped in
mourning, Until the close ot our next ennunl
convocation, and that the Grain! Officers and
brethren throughout this jurisdiction, wear the
usual badge ot mourning tor thirty days after
receiving" this notice-from the Grand Secretary
pro. tew, -. .
On motion of M. W. Bro. W. G. Hill the pro
ceedings ol this flay, were ordered to be printed
with tit proceedings of the Grand Lodge for
On motion of It. W. Bro.C. W. D. Htitchings,
these proceedings were ordered to be furnished
the cily papers lor publication.
The Grand Lodge was then closed in due
J. B. NEATHERY,
- Orend Sccretary, Pro Tern.
Tiif. Radicals Plbarrd Brcaimr the Socm
KljKCTED tHR AMRNDMltNT. An effort will
soon lie made to take up Mr: Sumner's resolu
tion declaring the twenty six States which are
represented in Congress, including Tennessee, to
be the only ones competent to pass npon consti
tutional amendment, "The Radicals ttow ex
press considerable gratification at the unfavor
ubte action lit tti8 Stirtthern legislatures the
onslitutional amendment proposed by Con
Hrosi last summer. They ssy that it is not
"trong enough, and after the passage ot Mr.
Sumner's or some similar resolution excluding
the Southern States from the right ol partictfSl
ting in the adoption of amendments to the Con-
juittiiionvivi the -intfntio" of the majority here
to submit ah amendritenfoF a much more srrtrt
gent nature. Suit.
Vtuw tlie Winston Sentinel.
Coal Field Bail Eoad Meeting.
At a meeting of the citizens of High Point,
held on the ,iih. of Jitnuary, Huwcl Farlow
being called to the chair, and the object ot the
meeliug being explained, the tollowiug pream
ble and lesoliUioim vvurt submitted by the com
mittee appointed mid adopted :
V Ulricas, by an act of the general assembly
ot North Carolinu, a charter hm ltn granted
to extend the CorI Field Hail Road, to some
point on the N. C ItailroaiL
And Whereas, it is believed said road could
be extended to tbc. N, C. 1(. II., at High Point,
over ground as weU or Jjcttur adopted to the
building of said KHMi thftii it could to any other
And wherens, l- r,-ac liiii-' this uluce it will
connect with said nm.l t the point by which
the thoroughfare or old dirf ro;nl passes over,
which the multiplicity of waggons Ironi the
valley of the Yailkin, and un extensive buck
country weic uei uloinetl to pttits on their way
to market at Fayettevillc, ever since it was
known us t mm Creek Town, und at a point on
the N. C. It. R., that i ui least ten miles nearer
the trade of a grtat r portion of the mountain
country than any other point, und from the ge
ographical position ol the country, at and from
this point, it is of more cav access to this re
gion ol country than any other point, for proof
of which we would invite an inspection of the
Railroad books, as to the amount of freight re
ceived at this point in limes past.
And whereas, said' freight fioin said section
will lor the reason almve act forth always seek
its outlet by Kailroail,nl this point, und w here
as, it is once Jrt joined un the N. ('. Railroad, it
gives Fayetteviile an tllliijual cliunce, as it will
lie more apt to n to other markets, than to
change to the Coal Field Railroad, lor the Fay
etteville market, should said road connect at
any other point.
And whereas, should the loud connect at this
point, Fuycttcville would, through one of her
old channels, regain the trade of her former
Therefore, we the citizens of High Poiut,
would most rispecttully -et forth anil show to
the stock holders of said road and to the citi
zens of Fayettevillc. thai although being desir
ous for the interest ot our Town, that said road
should connect Ht this pluce. it would not be to
our interest alone, but it wouhl give Fayette
y illc an equal chance to reach the trade of a
Igreat section of country that abounds in cereals,
tobacco, fruits, ininerarsV coal and lime, and
that a!thotHU u.u uy appear to be weak in a
pecuniary view, to give as much present aid us
We would w ish. Vet we believe we are as
strong as the strongest, in insuring you future
aid in the way of freight, which w ill be of last
ing benefit to the stockholder ol said road and
to the markets ol Fayettevillc and Wilmington.
Tfiert'rr irWrrrf, I v this meeting that we
most earnestly call on and invite the stockhol
ders of said road, to give the above facta set
forth, a careful and candid consideration, lie
lieving thereby that it wttl disicl trom their
mind anv idea that our move in this matter is
for self 'interest alone, in the fact that it is on
the direct line. Icy way of Salem and Mt. Airy,
to connect with the Virginia and Tennessee Rail
rwl. KktiuMthiU.bc coulunphited and in the
meantime, in reaching this point-it opens up to
the market of Fayetteville the products ot the
Valley of the Yadkin, and of that vast region
of country between this and the Mountains.
jflaoleeJ, That we believe the foregoing ob
jv4s w ill be more rnni plt-ly nod tW ubtajn
ed by conntcting the r ad with the N, C. Road
at this place, than they will by connecting at
an other point, more distant from this great
fcjrtrin en4. uul marc difficiilt nf.fiSff.S-
flrWr'. Thnt although our town is in its in
fancy, and its i I., n.. in e minion with others
UirelVe't ' I ile war of their minus and
ptoperte. vet 1 1 : ( w i f the great benefit, they
be'ieyi thi, i '.M w ill i Mend to tin m for reeov
eiingtheir hope-, they will t Mend what uid
their limited means will admit of, to the con
veying out ot said enterprise.
Ritnhtil, That the Ral. igh bentuui, Winston
fitutiuel, talcii piner. and Fuycttcyille paper,
be reiiuested to pulilish the proceedings ol this i
meeting. SEW EL FARLOW, Vhun. j
Hour. I . LiM'sKi, .Veio'i.
Corn Hponilen. e of the Iiielimoiel lnsateh.
LETTER FROM WASHINGTON.
Anxiety for the Swatara'a ArrivalThe
Radicals Petting Grant.
Wasiiimiton, .lau. ,11.
EvervlnMly now seems to be on the qui r ire
for the arrival ol the sti ami r Stent, ir w ith Sor
ratt on board, the last of this month haviilg
been regarded us about the time when that ves
sel w ould make her appearance. The Navy De
partment has received no information since her
departure Iroin Lisbon The lirst news would
probably come ria. Fortress .Monroe, as the steam
er would be most likely to cull there rit route to
Washington. The Racjictils are counting upon
exciting revelations when the prisoner does ar
rive. ThecMieuiists aie again clipwllillg with Gen.
Grant. What tin ir game is, it is difficult to
mention; but many are ntj the impression that
they are anxious to get in his good giaci s, and
bo have hjs assistance ill nil v undertaking they
may coiumeuce next session. They are already
claiming that he-is With Congrcswin its policy ;
but there are many daily indications to give the
denial to all this. Butler, however, does not
chime in this eulogy of Grant. Timo.n.
A Nkw PnooiiAMMK. A Washington corres
pondent of the New York 'nh',iertinl writes to
that paper :
There are Indications that,- before long, Con
gress will assume a more conservative attitude
on tlic treatment of the States recently in rebell
ion, and that President Johnson will lend his
aid in the protection oi loyal men, so that thev,
and not rebels, will control public affairs. The
details of this new programme, which will be
ftcfetitablc to Congress, and which the Pres
ident ('An carry out without any sacrifice of dig-
nity orot principle am for the present dtej j
p'rivafrTTnif It Ts'wcfl 1h(Vnt
ment exists in emlrpo.
For the Sentinel.
Ralkk.ii, N. C, Feb. '2nd, 1Su7.
Tim Editors or the Skntinki,. In rea lino
your paper ot yesterday, I was glad to see thai
a day and hour have been set by the Legislature
1qt the. consideration of the bill conceinin:.; a
A more timely or urgent proposition conl.!
hardly come before th'it body. Crime is on the
increase, and the safety and prosperity of the
country are in danier. It is a .unuerol serious
consideration, with us, as to w'uit measures
should be adopted lor cheeking the outrages of
Since the adjournment ot t he Legis'a! in e. i u
December, the writcrol this has visited a dis
tant State, (a Southern Stati ) with the view of
looking into the Penitentiary system, r, ol -by
appointment," but voluntnriiy, and from a ! p
interest in this great remedy for evil, lie has
returned more than ever impressed with the
necessity of un h institutions.
The very nature of crime requires that it not
only be punished, but the criminal r. tumud.
The mere infliction of punishment only deters
others from perpetrating the Burne, deeds that
have brought some men to the scaffold. Hat
how far does this preventive measure go f The
course ol nil history only shows that mere fear
ha but little -effect upwit men. A man may-see,
distinctly tho result of crime, placed so vividly
betore him as to make him shudder, but th
whole race is a living witness that the shudder
lasts only for a moment.
Nothing is more distinct than the results of
intemperance: yet men drink, and deliberately
gradually induce the conseijucnces, ol intern
pwranc. Sio it i wilU hangings! b..wjt,ll
every fruit of crime.
The infliction of punishment is only a part of
the needed discipline. What the country wants
is notksimply the bluod of the offender, but. his
reformation. Society needs the moral effect ot
the reformation ot criminals.
Can this lie accomplished '. Can a bloody
murderer, be transformed into a good man :
He w ho even questions it, hail as well confess
his ignorance ot history. The experience of
prisons in this country and in Kurope, give 1
most encnuaging and abundant proof that this
j sort of reformation can be and is now going on,
, in the Irish prisons- said to be the best in the
world, SO out of loi) are supposed to be re-
lorined. Many u man lias been taught m pris
on, and it may be lor the first time in life, that
the way of the transgressor is hard,1' and, he
has left the gates of the States' prison, a better
The discipline of a county jail and a Peni
tentiary, w ill not bear comparison.
In the first place, the period allotted to coun
ty jail confinement is too short for any purlieu
lar discipline, beyond confinement, whipping,
etc. In the Penitentiary, ample time is afforded
to carry out a profitable regimen, in the Pen
itentiary you have the benefit of some evangel
ical persons, who will have time to instruct and
argue with the prisoner. Short rations subdue
more than whipping. Old thieves, thrown into
promiscuous company with young thieves, will
contaminate the younger, and send them nut
with new tricks. This can all be better regula
ted in commodious State prisons than small
In some cases, the terms of sentence are eom
niuted by good behavior. For instance, it a
man behaves well in prison one month, they
curtail bi periixl ot confiiiemeht one day two
months, tw o days, etc. In some crtscs, grmd be
havior huy certain other priyttjsgeB. If a m ui
does well a month, they leave his cell door half
open. For another month's good behavior, tliey
leave the door entirely open all day, etc., until
ht- earns tin privita of w alking out a jjlilu.--.
If be proves false, he is -et back nnti' he a .jam
earns the privilege of having h's door hall open.
Thev say this brings good r.-uits. M ot a in in
thus disciplined, fur the very lirst time in life,
tries to be a good man. Then when his b nn
of imprisonment is about to expire, a committee
get a situation for him, in some re te part of
the State, away from bis old companion-, and
where he is free from his old temptations.
In some case they place to thcVTedit ol the
convict, alt the over work lie ihilvs in caning
chairs, shoe making, weaving, etc., so that when
released they have some pocket money and may
get into some husitiess, and are thus relieved
from the immediate necessity or pretext of tie
ccssity of stealing.
All this can be better si cured in a commodi
otis States, prison than in a small county jail.
The Selling of liquor to prisoners, can better be
prevented in the former. Religious teachers
can better operate in the former. In the case I
refer to in the beginning, I preached to three or
four hundred prisoners, where wo had vocal
and instrumental music coinbicted eniiicly by
convicts, ami the effect, was perfectly apparent.
Religious instructors are inclcl to tell these .
prisoner the cause of crime- its moral results, j
the remedy lor i t 1 1 it- power of assia-ial ion and ,
for the first lime m some cases reason vv it h them
about the evil. Many get into prison who are
not more to blame than their ileliinjueut pa
ri lits, their whole moral cult ore has laa-ii shame ,
fullv neglected, and needs to be begun.
A ll this can be done and is done hi si in large
prisons. And n hi t her, it can lie hcnclkial to
us as aState, thosewho have the mallei in hand
must decide. The writer of this., though not a
public man, together wit h a host of others, most
earnestly hope that a' Penitentiary may be
built. " '
Life ok TruMat Asiitiv. -The life of Turner
Ashbv, written by the Rev. .las. Ti. Avirett, of
Winchester, Virginia, is in ptcss. and will up
pear by "the last of February next. The writer
was chaplain ot "Ashley's Cavalry." 1he pro
ceeds ot sales are to be applied to raising a
monument over the peerless young chieftain,
in the Stonewall cemetery at Winchester, where
his remains now repose Richmond Examiner.
This will no doubt be a highly Interesting
volume. The author .Mr. Avirett, is a native of
this State and a clever gentleman, nnd will do
justice to his hero.
On Saturday morning last. Gov. Letcliei re-
csri by malt,-hi -pardon fry the President
I AX ACT GRANTING A GENERAL AMNES
I TV AND PARDON TO ALL OFFICERS
I AND SOLDIERS OF THE STATE OF
NORTH CAROLINA, OR OF THE LATE
CONFEDERATE STATES ARMIES, OK
i OF THE UNITED STATES, FOR OFFEN
i CES COMMITTED AGAINST THE CRIM
INAL LAWS OF THE STATE OF NORTH
, !c it emvteil by he ilcntral A""'hly "J the
, Not n f North in ml inn, mid it it Itereliy enacted
hij the, authority of the mime, That no person
who may have been in the civil or military ser
I vice of the State, as officers or soldiers ot the
; Militia, officers or soldiers ot the Home Guard,
oiliceis or soldiers ot the Local Police, or ofti
ci rs or foldiers of the late Confederate Statesor
i s olllc ri or soldiers of the United Mutes, shall
be held to answer on any indictment, for any
act done in the (lisehaigc of any duties imposed
on kim, purporting to be by a law of the State
or late Confederate States Gov eminent, or by
virtue ol any order emanating from anv officer,
commissioned or niu coiiiini--n.ni d, oi the Mi
litia or Home Guard, or Loi l police ot North
Carolina, or ally officer, eominissioni ,1 or non
commissioned, ot the late Confi derate Stales
Government, or any oili,- r, coininissioiied or
non-eouiinUaioiied, of the United Stated Gov
ernment, that no one of the above named offi
cers or pi ivates, who now are or may hereafter
be indicted lor any homicide, felonies or mis
demeanor committed prior to the first day of
January, A, D. 1N00, shall lie held to answer for
the Same, but shall be entitled to a full and
complete amnesty, pardon and discharge from
the same, up-m the pay incut tf the costs, pro
vi fid they Malf tfot fie titsed with thcrpajttiCTrt
oi the costs Upon any indictment preferred
against thi ol from and after the passage of this
loll, or in other words, that no officers or pri
vates in any of the above named organizations,
against whom no indictment is now pending,
shall be liable to prosecution for any offence
o itted ajtinst the criminal laws of North
Carolina prior to the first day of January, A. D,
lf'iO, as aforesaid.
lie it further enacted, That in all cases where
indictments are now pending, either in the
County or Sujierior Courts, if the defendant can
show thnt he was an officer or private in either
of tin- above named organizations, at the time,
it shall be presumed that he acted under orders,
until the contrary shall be made to appear.
& Hi it farther enacted, That all private citizens
w ho, on account of ag, or from any other cause,
wen exempt from service in any or all of tho
above named organizations, who for the preser
vation of their lives or property, or for the pro
tection of their families, associated themselves
together for the preservation of law and order
in their respective counties or districts, shall be
entitled to all the benefits and provisions of this
lie it further enacted. That no person who may
have been in the civil or military service of the
State or late Confederate States Government, or
in the service of the United States Government,
ui cither of the above named organizations, shall
1 e held liable in any civil action for any act done
in the discharge of any duties imposed upon
him, by any law or authority purporting to be a
law of the State or late Confederate States Gov
ernment. He it further enacted, That this act shall lie
in force from and after its ratification.
Ratified Dec. A. D. 1S6U.
1 certify, that the foregoing is a true copy of
the original, on file in this office.
R W. BEST,
Secretary of State.
Bill Simpson's Legal Experience.
.H-my yeF -ago ti LepwlatawMif. Tmmmsk
j i I an ..i t to organize the county of McNai
i v.ioi.is Sii.i'.c. At that time, the county em-
was occupieu uy
a -'Ui I
if backwoodsmen, totally unac-
ciciris, jail. 4c. The county
ol clll I lllg h'-.
c !t ersation,
vy as the court
app'iiitial site for the purpose
-. making Imanls, etc., to build a
id j i,!. The only theme of daily
when the nun were assembled,
etc None of them had ever seen
a court in session, as yet developed. Each one
would give w hat his idea of a court was, etc.
None, however, were entirely satisfactory,
until Rill Simpson was called upon to give his
ideas. He said he knew all about a court that
In had had a lawsuit in North Carolina. One
ol his neighbors hogs kept coming when he fed
his hog, until it got fat. tine morning he got
so d il mad that lie shot the hog. He
thought it would not do to throw it away, so
he cleaned and s ilted it. Shortly alter, his
neighbor and a man caine to his house, exam
ined the .smokehouse, and took him to town
and pnt him in a little office. About three
months after that, tips man came and took him
up to a large room. A large man sat upon n
high bench -a man vvassiitiii" i- a desk about
a dozen tine dressed mi n sat In a place that was
paled around. The man put me-iu a pen just
lie I lien called ! 1 1 twelve 1 n e u ; thev took scat
ii: a boy in liont ol the floe dressed men. The
man that was writing o.ive ih, ivwlye nieti a
Ii. ' iiid s lid soiiii l hiliT; 'I i" 1 1 ! d'oil Simpson
an I Stile. Then one of the fine men read
something about Kill Simpson und the bog,
anil he n : 1 1 a no! her ot t In line liie-ised men had
the big:'est qtiarn-l you i v, r heir. I, I thought
t i , i v would light eve.'v minute but they didn't.
It ;i- Hill Simpson and Co- hog, and the hog
und Hill Simjison, and sometimes Mr. Simpson,
but d d seldom. Alter I hey had ciuit quar
reling, the b'g man talked awlnl
t the j
t w clvc men. and t hey wen I out and staid a short
time, and came back and said something to the
man at t he ih sk. The man on the bench said
something to the man that put me ill office, and
he took me out and tied Hie to a persimmon tree
and commenced fighting tne w ith a cowhide,
and it made me so d - d mad that I shook all
the persimmons off the tree. Winrhrtter Horn
III l 0NSI liLl I ION lNTKftUI VV WITH TIIK
P(iiiii.N r. Hevernl of the late provisions!
tiovernors ot the Southern States and other in
fluential Southeniera, have for several elavs been
in cousAiltution with tho President ami members
'". "" ""' , '. ....... .,.,
ol Mitrens, rtslative to ..ustr;tk ti 1
HoUtheru Siafcs. Their plan has mil bceu niade
known; ti.iT-hn ft. yt-iMm.l-.p.rtielMrie.
For the Sentinel.
Messrs. Eurroits. I proceed, in this paper,
to another class ot improprieties, namely: to
the rulijiiritm that prevail among ns. Of these,
there is plenty to be found everywhere, in wri
ting and in conversation. They need very littlo
amplication, and indeed wonrtd scarcely deserve
to be mentioned, were it not for the circum
stance hinted at in the former paper, that pub
lic persons, and even scholars, are at less pains
to avoid them tbtHt they aliould be.
1. " 7Vu' here report of that there committee."
Dr. Johnson, in the Tatter, says, "Some persons
w hom I could name in the English Parliament,
whose wealth, and not merit, raised them to
that dignity, use this vulgarism very freely, awd
expose themselves to abundant ridicule by so
doing." May not the same remarks be applied
to gentlemen whose position in society, or some
thing else, (though it might be difficult to say
what) raiseil them to a similar dignity in the
Legislatures of our country 1
1. Veracity for cridiliility. This is not a blun
der in convi rsation only, but in speaking and
writing. "I have some doubt of the veracity
of this fact,'' says un author?, of some distinc
tion. Now . trrarity relates to the character ol
the person, rredMtitu, of the story told. The
same is the case with all, or must of the words
of similar format ion, such as cajiacity, rajiacity,
0. ' Von i,iii no riijhl to pay that money."
In this sentence, w hich is a very common one,
the word riijhl is used for what logicians would
call the correlative term Migation. The form
of expression should be "you are under no Mi
gat ion," Ac.
1. Equally well-and equally an good.
This is frequent in conversation, and public
'peaking. It- m alu to bo twuiuJ in Some publie.
Hons, of which it is needluss to name the authors;
but it is just as good English to say, "the most
highent mountain in America."
Let me notice but two other expressions in
this paper, which will be long enough for one
reading, as I wish to say more about them than
I have said aliout any others. The words are
5. "He is a very clerer man," "she is quite a
clever woman." How often are these phr-ases to
lie heard in conversation I Their meaning,
however, would certainly be mistaken, When
heard for the first time by one born in lower
Virginia, and. perhaps, in some other States.
At least, this would have been the case thirty
years ago. In these cases, of very frequent oc
currence, cUter, as a colloquial word, is often
improperly used in the sense of good-natured,
veil di)toted, lind, honest, und the phrase clever
man, ; or cherer fellow, is- employed to denote a
person of good nature, good disposition, good
intentions, w ithout the least regard to capacity.
Nay, it I am not mistaken, it is frequently ap
plied, when there is an acknowledged mediocri
ty of capacity. But in old Virginia, thirty
years ago, cUeer always meant capacity, anil
might be joined to a good or a bad disposition.
And prefer this greatly, perhaps, because I
have been used to it from my boyhood, and for
a still better reason, it is ths good old English
meaning of the w ord. We sav of a man. he is a
clerer man, a deter tradesman, a ckrer lawyer, a
clever fellow, without any reflection upon his
moral character, yet, at the same time, it carries
no approbation of it. It js very good. English,
and very common, to say , "He in nimr frllow,
but I am sorry to say it, he is also a very great
rascal."- When decerned is applied piimarilv
to conduct and not to the person, it generally
carries in it the idea of art or chicanery, not
very honorable. Far example, "Such a plan I
confess was very cletfi ; (i. e, sly, artful, well,
contrived,) "but not very fair." And now for
6. A'iee. Here is a word much used, especial
ly in conversation, often without any well de
fined meaning. The true and original meaning
tony be ssCcTtliftied by tinisiitfftig fitly "gWid dic
tionary, and I think many persons will be sur
prised to find the 'meaning so entirely different
from any they have lieeh accustomed to attach
to it. Instead of mv own remarks on the w ord,
permit me to use those of Arch-deacon Hare,
one of the politist scholars of the day, w hich
were furnished by him to the "Philosophical
Museum" many years ago
"That stupid vulgarism by which we me the
word nic, to detii !e almost every mo le of ap
probation - for almost even variety of quality,
and from sheer poverty of iln.ugh'i, ,,r fcur of
Siying anything definite, - w rap iq every tj.ing
Indiscriminately in this detract, lisiie , Ionium, -speaking
at the same breath of a ,o- cheese
cake, a nil tragedy , a t(lV, m., r, .( , ,,
nice man. a sermon, nice d-ii. a uuuuin.
a nice mil! pond, as ;t 1( univ. t-o' , ni
niceties had overwhelmed tin- h ic UUml ;
vulgarism, 1 say, has tak - n - v : n io tic ,,
classes, aiei onctieu plough '. ,
nice weather, and sailor- ,,f,, .,,, .
Ve have certaini y f I i , w , , I ' o
the use of ibis vvoid, a- ue all h
portnnilie- of inb-n urn-.,' vvitii ii,
I .'W.iisll ill
v . Si v op
I lien, is are
very rare, an I v et, 1 1 .,. ,i t lie I ,-i i
i ti, ,i hi, I
hav e nob , I t he lob, , ,v nig c ,M - , I 1 1 u.e m ,
versa! ion : "W u-imi lloi a - , i
i ' '-U li.it
carpi I I
ol lis 1 1 l,o
' '.. '- ii tuns,
, if anv id
a nice ham '"
ever saw ." " We
not meaning , o,
liieallings, I -tit
cony ersa: i . oi -loo
I will en- h i !
or l-icnl v ulgnt isu
your readi t - " i-l
i-i gallic at
The cditoi of 'h - I! i.-!, St i
l'rov is.i, hi " I I on i i nor, i.iffi un-uci
I. the Ex-
aucr ran r.ii a lorean minors, is Ulllgentlv CI1
ilea-triiii? to tmrifc hinim-lf ot nor tMo ot' ,liu .
0yaity Ly the most fiarlul zeal in his new bit
siness ol lladiCiillstii. - Hiclc. h.rai,ui i .
The Ex P. O. considers tin taint of dislovalty
a very oifcnsiye one it tUnl hi his nostrils;
and therefore, to rid himself of the- odor, he
must necessarily ,'ct hold i f sometliinir that
ifirols louder ; and henre he anoints himsilf
thoroughly with the oil , I i niicaiism and uio-
ger rombineil. Km i wont do; his dishiyalty .
smells the louder. '
TlIK N olM'ltl 1, HltVlll.KV AltllKsTKIl. S
VANNil, January ;U - The neo)-,. Hradlcv who
I. . . .. 1 I i. .. . I . . .. . : .1 . .1
iiicmne the colored
,s aue,, ,.s ,, iiiei,ino tn,. colored at tin-next term of saul Court and anir-r , 7''i
..pno-ple Utti .Jwwc-tM- -ist.aiu the tomi; .4','0,w lh rtitwft th name will lhetrd "
urreU-d this moriiimr bv tlie luu,.,l muuI. ... I Ui.Min. ''' f"''
STATE OF Ji'OliTH CAROLINA,
Pitt Cot sty.
Cocbt or EocrrY.
, Wootou mill others j Petition for' sale of
r . 1 1 41111 iot cart ii kii, nna
Heirs at Iaw
f It. I'. Wins Ueeomlxvr 2ltth, IHIY!.
IB this cause, it appearing that Needham Want,
I'l. annul I'.'imleu ami wife Louisa, the children of
Samuel MeKenzio anil his deceased wie Mary Ward,
the children of Uilcspio and his deceased wif
Mary Jones. 1 he ehililren of Roaa and his (Ibc'iI
wife'Snllm Jones, the children of Jimiab Jones, dee'd,
the said Marv (lilestiie, Hallio IUm and Joaiah Josmmi,
being the children of lUla Jones, dee'd., defendants,
aro nun residents of this State, it is therefore ordered
that publication tie made, for six weeks, in tho Hal-
eih Sentinel, notifying said defendants to appear at
the act term of said Court to tie held at the Court
House in Ureenvilli', on the tirst Monday of March
next, ainl plead, answer or demur, or said petition
will lio taken ;i-o aaifentio and heard accordingly.
Witness Iorts Ilii.i.i.viio, ( leik and Manter of said
Court, fit office in (irrenville, this the 7th day of Jan
.Ian 11 f, l.ut IS HII.I.IAIUi, C. M. K.
STATE OF .NOUTH CAROLINA, (
Hl-.ltTlK C'ol'NTY. (
In Form- F.u i. Tkii.m, 1N60.
.M.ii II. Mi bail, and othi rs I
; IliUto m tt'e rut, iti
1.. S. Webb, iiihnr. in llie Will tlnittierjietuate ten
annexed of v m Mol ing, dee'd. timony.
IN the alaive rails the fiillnw iiifr j fsbns are sflcfrad
and claim to Ik- the sole next of kin and lieu-s at
law of Wm. Muring, itee'd, to wit : Wm. A. Mebane,
John Pool and wife Mary K., John X. Mebane, A W.
Mehane, Wm. M. Mitttui, Lewis 11. button, John jl.
Mehane, Marv V. Horn!, Green J). Jordan and wifo
Khza Aim, and William G. Mebane. In accordance
with said i hiiin the estate of William Moriufr, will be
paid over and delivered to said parties, unless others
appear and establish their right. It is ordered, that
adviTtisemeut be made in the Sentinel for all person
elainifnff to 6f Hi Irs at law' or Bfrif (if Mf of Wm.
Muring to appear and interpose their claim and ex
amine or cro8-examine the testimony which this
parties are engaged in taking.
Witness, L. i. WEBB, V. it E. of said Court, Wind
sor, 21 Jan 1W,7. L. . WEBB,
Jan 25-143-wliw C. M. E.
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, )
Pitt Cocktt. )
A. ti. Jordan )
r. Tlill to rcrrrrt a mistake ti
Geo. W. Johnson, wife (,i fd. Filed January VMh,
and others. j 117.
In this cause, it appearing that William E. (lark,
one of the ilelouilaiils, lb a nun resident of the Htale,
so that the ordinary process of law cannot be served
on him, it is therefore ordered that publication bo
made in the Ualeigh Sentinel fur six Weeks, notifying
said defendant to appear at the next term of thia
Court, to be held at the Court House in Greenville,
on the first Monday in March next, and to plead, an
swer or demur, or the petition will bo taken pro co
fetto as to tiim and heard accordingly.
Witness boris Hu.uAHii. Clerk anil Mauler of said
Court, at oilice in Greenville, this the 10th day of Jan
Jan 17 wfiw I.OITH niLIJAItD, C. M. E.
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, )
IiKAl'KORT COUKTY. f
Is EiiUiT.T; Bill Filed For Bpbiko Tehm,
Ilrsum.N F. Hateks, Complainant, r. Zacvabiah
Keas, (Colored) Defendant.
Whereas, the complainant, shovo named, has filed
his bill in the Court of Equity of Beaufort eounty, on
this the l'Jth IVceiuber, MiKI, returnable before tho
said Court, to be held on the eighth Monday after
the fourth Monday of March next, 1M1, at the Court
House in the town of Washington, county and Statu
aforesaid, fn order to foree.oae a mortage by the said
defendant made to,tliu complainant aforesaid, notice
is directed to he, and is hereby given, by publication
for the space of six weeks, for the said defendant to
apjwar before the said return Oonrt,and to plead, an
wcr or deninr to the aaid bill, as fie may tie advised,
or the said bill will lie taken as confessed.
Witness, MATTHJS.W fcIHA VV, tjler.k ml Mtsfer in
Equity or the saidCiiiirt at Washington, thia the 20th.
dav of IlereluU r A H. lsi.
MATTHEW SHAW, C. & M. E.
STATE OF NOIITH CAROLINA )
Hyuk CjCstv. ' J
Ii. L. Myers, A.lm'r of.
Win. H. Howard, nnd the j
Heirsat law of said W.lf. Howard, Hill to for e-r-
I dose irurrln
ytisnge v . viciicn, Ailiurol
Richard (J. Hovvard, and
his heirs, and the heirs of
age, in A'yui
f.V, In Fall
Thomas To! son.
IT appearing to tli.v ( t, that Tlionias Tolaon is a
i.ou r -l, at of no M i:,- i North Carolina, it is
ordered th.it pnWientrai he rnsde for nit weeks in the
Italeigh .vi..V. tor nio.l Ihoiiias Toisnn, if'liviug
ai.o. if aoi, t,,i his heirs at law, to appear at the uIt
I. i hi "I this i ourt io be held f,- the eiaiiifv of Hydft
al ill. limit lb is,, u, yuit,.r ,', t(,o !lth.
Moliil.lv alt, r iji.'iili. iloiiilny in Miireh licit then
ami Hi. re to plead, answer or d, mur, to said MM of
s,bm, ,n j,tKemfittivr!l or rendered pro nmfatso '
lil'.t K WITH, C. & M. E.
. n t-. i .
i f A MhKl lNd OK TUP, HOAltD OF PIliEC-
V t-'.s .,1 ih, N. ('. .. J.1, liLsiiraiuM Comitiki.v i.-a.i,
olh.-. .,' ii.-f,miii : ,iMJ i',i,- .i... .kVS
.il l.x.7. after .bl 'liotu e to Ilireirtor
i sq . w is called to the chair and
-.,.t iipoi'int,-,! Sc, -rclaiv 'Cl.- r..i
i:. i w.
r "I s., sin, Mt hu mad,. :
n ' ' that for tin. purpose of lavini;
.i t I- ( oinpany at the dates herein aft."
an a-M'Mtmelit of tifttvu lier coin .... . n
l,.,l - .1.1,
ill. iitioi'u d
nni vplre.1 iireiumni n-a.a, in iK.,-.8io,i of tju, ,,.
p.o,y ihe sth. .Uy "f Aupist 11:1. the Uth iUv of
iriiils r ls.,1, n, i7lh.-ia.v of S, ,tee- r M tha
iiiUvol fei-i-.-iry Nil. the ilih. ,l,v ,.f Anril 'pij,"
,l,eS,l,..Uv of ,y is.iandtJie 15t; ,Uy o, OeU
Ismi, b. Icvi, .1 p.n aide iiiiniediately.
' 'lesiiii ui un as practicable
a.-s, ui, rv:dn.g to the ehart.Tandbv4w.I
.1 - l..V.d from toetaias'
Vt tiiu ginie nieeting T, U. Bvlby, of JU1W(; u ...
anaUKiusJy el,K.tel Prcident 0f ue tCpi u,'
r H r Ue 7," ""'""ously elected Ati.Irn v
i Ui), M-' "' rur U hasuw of tl" ( oi,,
paliy will he ransaeted by the 1'ivsideiit. 1 a i
letters must be aitJreamil H him. "
Kaleiyh, Jan 23-2.Us Iwtw Prifnl.'nt
KI1TV .OTIt E.
V IlKKW UV 111 It NEXT I RO vn I ,..w i.
wj iiust John Uk.kv v im, Him,, j HK1m" l"en e.
It spearing Unit John 11, r,j ,,mnf'tui .,.,f.-,K(.,.rt,
in this cause ,s a ,,,,-resident of the State ,,f w,,
Caix.hlia It is ll.eref.tt-e .ordered l.vthe Court .if K,m, I
for Nash ' "nn that puhUeat,l ( luldJ T i 1 . J
-Weekly -s , ...,- . newapap r imbl; h, .! , " "l"
.. lUh-Hth tor .. a wks m'mfvinlr a,i ji'IL'-'
0 - , ... ..i iv... v.lll s.iijai IIIII.itlM II., v.- -
J(H H. THurtp. (.-. jj E
lb 24vvs -