tv " j
WM- E. rEIX, Malt Printer.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.!
TEBMi OF iUBSCBIPTIOJI.
TIm Wiiuii anmauia paMiih4 every Meaday
aoraUif . ,.,.,(..,
Hiii Wikl! e jtafoiriUy aad V7.dne.dayi.
Tha circulation, of th gaaiiaat. makes It sas sf
lh aost dMtrabl iJluan of alrrtisin ia Iks
Advsrtiaemsnti, oMupylng the spans of 10 Mass sf
silaion type or less, which ws sail a sqaan, ws charja
as foUswt far laMrtioa ta the weekly r
Tor ens Iniortlon, II M
for two intordoni, I
Pnr on noun (Ii, I Oil
for two month!, I fft
For i moo tha, 1 1 SS
for on yoar, 10 oo
JOB WORK iMuted with aaatassa at th 8sti
wUr7M?M ta adms.
'l WOVI.I1 RATHER Bit RIGHT- THAN BE E!S1IH3)IT-Hear, Clay.
RALEIGH, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 13. 1867.
m"im WW irTTii
8.l wkly. U aeata la Uimh J M
Pally, sis aMita,
Dny, ttraeawaths, I
Dairy b . I
HOSTH CAEOLOTA LEOISLATTJEE.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
ATirmDAT't raociKDixos concxtnD.
Mr. Crawford, of Rowan, asked the yeaa and
navs ob tb pawge of the bill.
The real and naya were ordered, and the bill
passed lti second reading, as follow! :
Ybas. Measr. Allen, Aahworth, Autry, Bar
den, Beasley; Black, Blair, Blytbe,Boyd, Bowe,
Brown, Bryaoii, Caraon, Chadwlck, Clark, Col
Iim, Dargaa, Davidson, Durham, Everett, Far
row. Freeman, Gam WJ, flo"8. Gnjri. God
win, Gorbam, Ornberryk Ouesa, Henderson,
Henry, rHiannt, Hohlerby. Horton, of Watau
ga, Rorfbn, bfTfftltce. Houston Jenkins, of
Granville, Joned, Jordan, Kelsey, Kenan, Ken
dall, Latham, of Washington, Lee, Lyon, Lut
terloh, May. McClamniy, McGougan, McKay,
Moora, nf Chatham, Moore, of Hertford, More
head, ' Morton,' Morrill, Neat, Patton, Per-
of Waka, Kfcuaioaon, nouniree, nuas,
Wilson, of Perttimana, WHIIahM, ol Pitt, Wil
liama, of Yancey, womwe, iorv-ou.
NATi. Measrs. Baker, ClemenU, Cowan,
Crawford; of Macon, Crawford, of Rowan, Har
per, Hodnett, Kotchiaon, Martin, McNair, Pee
bles, Perry, of Carteret, Reinhardt, Roeebro,
Stevenson, Wertmoreiand 1.
On voting, Mr. Patton stated that he doubted
the constitutionality of any Stay Law, but be
ing in favor of relief, wna willing to leave that
question to the decision of the Courts.
Mr, Peebles, 00 voting, asked that ths fol
lowing protest be placed on the journal :
1 acknowledge the necessity and justice of
relief to the people, and would cheerfully vote
for tbe bill, it amended aa I proposed. But as
tbe bill stands, it ia the honest conviction of
my heart, that, instead of affording relief, it will
cause three fourth of the honest debtors of
North Carolina to be sold out of house and
home, within eighteen months. And in the
nsme of my constituent I protest sgainst it.
Mr. Hodnett addressed the limine in opposi
tion to the bill. The bill then passed its third
reading, and was sent to the Senate for concur
rence in the House amendment.
Mr. McNsir, from the committee on Corpora
tions reported favorably on tbe bill to incorpor
ate the Wadeeboro Savings Institution.
Mr. Davidson Introduced a bill to make valid
tbe official act ef justices of tbe peace during
the war. '
Mr. Hutchison, a resolution appropriating
tra thousand dollars for the encouragement oi
immigration and the Influx of capital to the
Mr. Stevenson moved to reconsider tbe bill
extending tha corporate limits of tbe town of
.Elizabeth City, and then that the motion to re
consider lie Ml the table. The motion pre
vailed. A messenger from tbe Senate snnonnced the
concurrence of that body in House amendments
to tbe bill transferring tbe Land Scrip to tbe
Tha House then adjourned.
Mohdat Morning, Feb. 11.
The Reflate was called to order at 1H o'clock.
Mr. Covington, petition from citixena of
Union county , protecting avainat the appoint
neat of J. 1). Williams as Justice of the Peace
l said county and on njotion of Mr. Covington,
it wsj relerreit W the Judiciary committee.
RcitMtTa or corns rrraxs.
Mr. Cunningham, from the committee on
Propositions end Grievance, to wbym was re
ferred 8 till to intrrasti the fees of the inspec
tors of oavat stores in the city of Wilmington,
recommended that it do not pass.
Mr Wilsoa, Irona the committee on the Judi
ciary, to whom waa refered a bill relative to
Clerks issuing marriage license, reported back a
substitute for the name.
A message was received from the House pro
posing to raises Joint Select committee on the
subject of mm4i adjournment; also a resolu
tion pmnoaing that Loth Houses meet at 10
o'clock, both of which were concurred mi.
BcaoLtmona Ann bima
Mr. Cowlea, a ' resolution proposing to print
20 enplea of tha Stay Law for each member of
the General Assembly. Adopted.
Mr. Halt, a resolution in favor of Edmund
Bradford, reerred to tha committee on Finance.
Mr. Rail, bill to Incorporate the WHming
toa Ilook and Iadder Company, referred to the
committee on Corporations.
On motion of Mr. Adams, tha rules were aos
pended and this bill to amend an act to incor
porate th trustees of tha Greensboro' Female
College waa taken op and passed its several
readings. '-" ' '
On motion of Mr. Clark, the rules were aua
prnded and tha bill to amend an act rel
ative to negroes and persona of color was taken
up, and on motion of Mr. Harris, of Rutherford,
it was referred to the committee on the Judi
On motion of Mr. Ferebee.the rules were sus
pended and the bill authorizing executors and
administrators of insolvent estates to settle the
name pes f, was taken up and on motion of
Mr. Paschal!, it Was referred to the committee
A message waa received from the House pro
posing to print iv copies of the Stay Law for
each member of tba General Assembly ; on mo
tion of Mr. Cdwhs, it waa laid on tbe table.
coxaounATioif or suilboaps.
Bill to cohsoUdat the Atlantic AN. C, North
Carolina and the Western 2L C. Railroad Com
panies, having been made the special order for
12 o'clock, was taken up. Mr. Love offered
sundry arnendmeuta, which were agreed to
Jle then presenfed a Commonfcation Iroiu' Gov.
Morehcad, addressed to tha Stockholders of the
N. C. Railrond, aome time ainco, which waa read.
Mr. Love urged the passagcrot the bill, that tbe
same schema had resulted in-much good to other
States, and he believed it would bo of immense
benefit to the private Stockholders as wall as
those of the State.
Messrs, Wilson, Hail and Speed opposed the
bill; raised a constitutional question that the
object of thia bill conld not be accomplished bv
a majority Tot of the Stockholders, as It was
inconsistent with the present charter. If the
Legislature rss this bill, it would be a direct
instructtoa tu the State proxy to vota lor this
ffcomrlB, Bcott, Shelton, Simpson, Smith of Dop
lin. Smith, ol Guilford, Stone, Sudderth, Trull,
tlmstend. Veatal. Walker. Waugh, Whitfield,
measure, thereby overshadowing completely the
interests of the private Stockholders.
Tbe question! recurring on the passage of the
bill, on motion of Mr. Harris, of Rutherford, the
ayes and na?s were called and the bill waa rejec
ted. Mr. Speed offered a resolution relative to tbe
subject of the reconstruction plan recommended
by Southern men.
On motion of Mr. Johnston, it was ordered to
be printed and referred to the Committee on
Dr. Speed, in presenting this preamble and
aesnlutittn, upon Federal Relations, said that he
alone was responsible for them. He drew them,
and presented tliem upon his own responsibility.
He bad patiently waited to see if no one would
move in the matter. The session was rapidly
coming to its close, and he thought some ex
pression of the opinion of this General Assem
bly ought to be made, that would strengthen
tbe bands of our Northern and Administration
friends, if we have any. " He should not indi
cate bis own opinion now ; he would express
himself at the proper time if necessary. The
resolution waa In the possession of the Senate,
He ahould make no motion at present, in regard
A message was received from the House pro
posing to go into tbe election of a Judge of the
special Court of Wilmington on to-morrow,
O. P. Meares in nomination from the House.
Bill making provision for tbe payment of the
State bonds now due, and the inb-rest nn the
debt of the SlatfL Mi'sars. Berry and Wiggins
urged the passage ot this bill, and held that
these notes would be taken at par : they had
been so iu South Carolina and woold be so
here. T bis debt must be paid, and thia is the
best method proposed for doing it. Mr. Hall
opposed tbe bill ; bis great objection to it was
that be believed it would be the means Of
driving out ot the State other circulation.
Mr. Gash favored the principle of the bill, but
could not vote for it unless it was amended to
suit his views, Pending its discussion.
On motion ot Mr. Cowles, the Senate ad
journed until to-morrow at 10 o'clock.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
Monday, February 11. 1897
The Houne was called to order at 10t o'clock
Messrs. liogers and Williams of Martin were
allowed to Tecord their votes in favor of the
bill (pasiwd oo Mnturday) "to change the juris
diction of the courts and tbe rnlea ot pleading
therein." Mr. Kichardson, from the committee
on the Judiciary, reported back, naaseroiy, a
I till to extend the jurisdiction of Justices of the.
Mr. Waugh introduced resolutions to raise a
joint select committee on the subject of adjourn
ments and to chsnge tbe hour for the daily
meeting of the two Houses. These were adop
ted and sent to tbe Senate lor concurrence.
(Tbe latter proposes that tbe two House meet
hmaftcr at 10 o'clock A. M. daily.!
Mr. Allen introduced a bill to amend section
21 chapter 34. Revised Code.
Kewoturions, heretofore introduced, to hold
Kvening seiMioiis nnd to restrict debate, were
read snd Uul n tilt table.
ON PHI V ATX CAJ.KXDAR.
On motion of Mr. Cowan the Private Calendar
wmi taken up.
Tbe following bills and resolution passed
Snd. and 3rd. readings under a suspension ot
the rules: vix; bill to incorporate the New
born Memorial Association, the Wilmington
wwiafantttsrog Company,- the New Mrkit
Foundry and Manufacturing Company, St.
Phillip Kpiwopnl Singing Society, Jerusalem
Lodge No. . Kree and Accepted Masons,
TucKHsegoe Gobi mid Copper Mining Company,
the Chamber of Commerce of the City ol Wilm
ington and Rockford Mara and Female Semina
ry, in Surry County.
A resolution in favor of Jacob Siler, a reso
lution in favor of Horton 8. Reeves, a bill in
favor of the legal representatives of Wm. E.
Mann, late sheriff of Pasquotank county, a bill
to incorporate Wilson Lodge of Free sad Ac
cepted Masons; a bill to authorize the forma
tion ot the English and American Wool and
Vine growing. Mining and Manufacturing Com
pany ; to incorporate Carolina Lodge, Free and
k Accepted Masons; to Incorporate Table Rock
ISeminarv, Burke county ; to incorporate tne
Merchant and, Flantere, Mutual Benefit Com
pany ; to establish the dividing line between
the towns of Salem and Winston ; to amend the
charter ot the Bingham Gold Mining Company ;
to incorporate the Hiliemian Benevolent So
ciety of the citv of Wilmington ; to incorporate
Lexington Mining Company; to incorporate
tbe Fayetteville Street Railway Company ; to
Incorporate the Wilmington Institute, and to
incorporate the Wadesboro Havings Institution,
severally passed second and third readings.
Sundry private bills and resolutions for the
relief of Sheriffs, Ac, were laid on tbe table on
A message Ironi the Senate announced its con
currence in Honse amendments to the Stay
On motion of Mr. McClammy a message was
sent to the Senate, proposing that the two
Houses proceed to the election of a Judge for
the cfluiinul court of New Hanover connty, at
11) o'clock A. M. to morrow.
The nomination of O. P. Meares for that po
sition was made by Mr. Cowan, and accompa
nied the message. The ' Senate subsequently
The Penitentiary . Bill was postponed on
motion of Mr. Kenan, and made a special order
for Thursday next.
Mr. Farrow (by leave) introduced a bill to
repeal "an act to establish a board of Commis
sioners of navigation for the post of Ocracocke,
H altera Inlet and Its waters."
Mr. Holdei by ; a hill in regard to the Norfolk
and Great Western railroad company.
Mr. Baker ; a bill to incorporate the Town Fork
Coal and Petroleum company.
The House refused concurrence in a message
from the Senate proposing to print twenty
copies ot the Stay Law for each member of
Tha following engrossed resolutions snd bills
had their first reading, vlx :
,. j. laaolutkcuia favat of 4h public Libcarian
a resolution in faror of Mr P. P. Dick a bil
to incorporate the Board of Trade, ot the City
of Newbern, and a bill to change the name ot
Wayne Female College.
ON ri'BMC CALENDAR.
A bill to authorize a revitml of the Statute
lawa of the State; a bill to amend sec. 52, clnip.
00, Revised Code ; a bill in relation to set oil' ;
a bill giving debtors whose lands hnve been
sold under execution rhc right of redemption ;
a bill to repeal sec. 2, chap. 34, Revised Code;
and a bill to authorize administrators to pay. for
the schooling of minor heirs; were severally
read tbe second time- arftl laid on tlte tables
A bill to amend sec." 13, chap. 54, Revised
Code, and a bill to incorporate Pythagotaa
Lodge, Free and Accepted Msmns, panted its
second reading. ,
Tbe House then edjouWd.
TteeUAt Mohxiku, Fib. 12. '
Tbe Senate was called to order at 10 o'clock.
Prayer by the Rev. Mr. AUtinaon, of tne
RRPOKTS OF COMMITTRKH.
Mr. Cunningham, from the committee on
Propositions and Urieriances, to whom waa re
ferred a bill to grant amnesty and pardon to
female, recommending its passage.
Mr. Johnson, from the Committee on Corpor
ation, to whom was referred a bill to incorpor
ate the Wilmington Hook and Ladder Compa
ny, reported favorably.
Mr. Wiggins, from the Committee on Finance,
to whom was referred a bill for the relief of the
est t of the lata lion. L. U, U, Bcaaoli, reported
adversely to the psyment ot the coupons, but
wsa willing to give new bonds l .r tnose Hint
have been loet.
Mr Hall, from the Joint Select Committee, '
to whom was referred a communication from tbe
Governor covering a report ol tbe Attorney
General, relative to the Cape Ftar Navigation
Company, reported the following :
Raoltxd, That the Solicitor ot the 5th Cir- 1
cuit be authorized and instructed to file an in !
formation in the nature of a warranto against
the Cape Fear Navigation ( ompany. ,
Mr. Avery, from tne Committee instructed to
report some plan to change the Judicial system :
of tbe State, reported a bill, and on his motion, 1
it waa ordered to be printed and made the spe- '
cial order for 8 o'clock Friday night. '
On motion of Mr. Wiggins, the revenue 1 ill j
was made tbe special order for Thursday next. 1
A message was received from the Hottge re
fusing to concur in the Senate proposition to '
print 30 copies of tbe titmy Law for each mem- !
ber of tbe General Assembly, and the Senate j
concurred in tbe proposition from the House to '
print 3 copies.
Bill malting provision for the payment ot
the State bonds now due, and the interest on
the debt of the State. Messrs. Wilson anil
Berry discussed the uiei its ot tbe bill at some
length. Mr. Berry, at the close ol his remarks
offered an amendment which was agreed to.
Mr, Speed spoke at some length in opposition.,!
to tbe bill. Mr. Wiggins favored it. Mr. Cov- ;
ington thought it waa not free from objections; ,
he had been anxiously waiting for. a lietter
plan, but as nothing bad been presented, he 1
should support the bill. Its lurther consi.lcra-
lion was postponed for the present. i
A message was received from the House, pro
posing to go into the election ot Judges tor the
special Courts of Craven and New Hanover.
Concurred in. Messrs. Meares, Wright and Wad
dell were put in nomination, tor the county of
New Hanover, which resulted, on a sectml Imt-
lot, in th ettetion of Mr. Mtrs.-
Tbe Senate proceeded to ballot for Judge of '
the special Court or-Craven County, 'Messrs.
George Green and David Carter in nomination. '
Messrs. Perkins and Kooncc superintended the
election, which stood aa follows, in the Senate :
Green 83, Carter $. vlx : Messrs. Harris of Ruth
erford, Snead and ffiash.
Mr. Cowlea Stated that Mr. Carter was a strong ,
personal friend ot bis, and he should have voted
lor bim, but be bad pledged bimscll to Mr.
Green, not knowing that Mr. Carter would be a; j
HI'ICI U. OKDKK. i
Bill to abolish imprisonment for debt, was !
taken up. Messrs. Wilson and McCorkle op- I
posed the bill in speeches of some length. Mr. 1
Speed favored ita passage. The question recur- 1
ring on its passage, on its secm.d reading, the
ayes and nays were called, aud the bill passed by
a vote of 24 to lii. Mr. Cunningham moved to
suspend the rules and put the bill on its third
Mr. Bullock moved the Senate, adjourn until
to-tnorrow at 10 o'clock. Mr. Johnson moved
to amend by Inserting 7, o'clock to night. Cp
on this the ayes and nayea were called and the
amendment waa lost, and the Sennte ad journed
nntil to-morrow at 10 o'clock.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
Tuesday, Feb. 12.
Tbe House was called to order at 10 o'clock,
Prayer by Rev. J. M. Atkinson of the Presby
naroRTs or committers. "
A large number oi reports were made from
various standing committees; Of these tbe fol
lowing were most important :
From the Judiciary Committe, (by Messrs.
McKay, Kenan and Richardson,) unfavorably, a
bill to be entitled "tbe Mechanic's Lien Law ;" a
bill to make valid offici al acts of Just ices (Vftlic
Peace during the war, and a bill in relation to
banting on tbe Sabbath.
A resolution to republish Winston's reports
was reported back, favorably, from same Com
By Mr. Wamgh, from the Committee on Prop
ositions and Grievances, unfavorably, a bill to
repeaf the ordinance of fh CtmVWitlon, prohib
iting tbe sale of spiritous liquors at Conipuny
By Mr. McNair, from the Commit toe on Cor
porations, favorably, a bill to incorporate tbe
town of Scotland Neck, and a bill to incorporate
tb Board of Trade of the city of Newbern.
By Mr. Harper, from the Commitee on Fi
nance, unfavorably, a resolution appropriating
$10,000 for the encourigement ot immigration
tha influx of capital, &c.
BILLS AN1 nENOI.tITIO.NS.
By Mr. Long, a resolution for Indexing more
perfectly the statnes of the State passed since
I!y Mr. Brown, a resolution in relation, to lur
niabingenpies of the Supreme Court reports to
tbe several cldrks of this State. Rejected.
By Mr. Everett, i bill to empower the Superi
or Court Jariges to hold special terms.
By Mr. Perry "(from the Judiciary committee)
a bill to authorize courts of law to errant relief
in cases of lost negotiable bonds, bills ami
By Mr. Harper, for the committee on Finauce,
a bill to change the mode, of appointing auc
tioneers. By Mr. Hnldorby, a bill in relation to final
'tt i ineiits between Guardians ami Wards.
An engrossed bill to amend the charter of
Greensboro' Female College, passed Its several
readings under a suspension of the rules.
On motion ot Mr. Latham ot Craven, a mes
sage was sent to the Senate proposing to elect a
Judjcfor the criminal court of Craven county,
immediately after the election ot. Judge for
New Hanover county.
Mr Latham also nominated George Green
Esq., of Craven, for said olhVc.
Irrmtrkimg-tmrnrniihintion, Mr. Latham said
tli.U Mr. Green was a la vver ot eminent ability,
and tlie choice of tin- people of ( ravel), etc.
The House proceed-d to vote for a Judge of
the criminal Coin' of New Hanover County,
Mr. Guess having nominated Hugh Waddell,
Esq., and Mr. Mini ill, lion. Wm. A. Wright, of
The committee that superintended this ak-c-tion
-u. qiiently reported as follow :
Whole vote cast iy9, necessary to a choice 70.
For Mr. Meares, 6:!. For Mr. Waddell, 5. For
Mr. Wright, 11. Scattering. 8. No election.
The Senate having concurred, the House pro
ceeded to vote lor Judge of the Criminal Court
of Craven County, Mr. Henry having nominated
David M. Carter, of Hyde.
The committee that superintended thia elec
tion reported as follows : Whole number of votes
cast Mil. Necessary to a choice 70. For Mr.
Green 111. For Mr. Carter 84. Scattering 1.
Mr. Green eh-ctcd.
A second ballot was had for Judge of tbe
Criminal Court of New Hanover, resulting as
billows ; Whole number of votes cast 140.
Necessary to a choice 71. For Mr. Meares 73.
For Mr. Waddell 58.' For Mr. Wright 7. Scat
tering Mr. Meares elected.
Messrs. Daniel, Uradslier, Harding and La
tham, of Craven, were allowed record their
votes in favor of the Stay Law, passed on Sat
A bill to incorporate Black Rook Lodge of
Free an. I Accepted Masons, anil a bill ill rela
tion to dormant judgments, passed their second
A bill to charter the Oxford Branch ot tbe
Raleigh and Gaston Railroad Company passed
2nd ami ;!rd readings.
The bill to authorize the Public Treasurer to
negotiate a loag for the relief of tho Treasury,
and to establish a North Carolina ' Saving
Bank, was put on its second reading.
Mr. Williams, ot Martin, said that he did not
believe that the loan of ten million dollars con
templated by the bill, could ever Iks raised.
The scheme was utterly impracticable. He
moved that the bill lie on the table, but subse
quently withdrew the motion, at the request of
Mr. McKay, who proceeded to addicsa the
Hub" in support of- the bill.'
Mr. Harper replied to Mr. McKay, defending
ihtf report of the Kiioinee committee adverse to
tUcJiill under consideration
Uir ltuluT disc-usaum thn.Hnuaaadi
For the Sentinel.
1! u i ion. N. C, Feb. Oth, 1807.
Mil. Kniroi;. Happening to be in tbe city
on Friday last, and not have anything specially
to occupy my time, 1 wandered into the Senate
4'thtml.er. during the discHion of tlie bill to
afford rihif" Id the jwylc, and heard the Senator
from the 11 district pay ttte following just
and luiiidxiiuc compliment to that venerable
man, tin- true, well-tried and faithful public
servant, the Scuut or from the county of War
ren, F. N. Thornton. Dr. Speed said, Mr.
Speaker, I cannot withhold from the venerable
gentleman, tho Senator from the county of
Warren, my warm, heartfelt thanks, for the
just, able and eloquent remarks which he has
just submitted to the Senate, in behalf of the j
down trodden, patient and suffering people of
the State. Sir, on my own account, and in
behalf of my constituents, I tender him hearty
thanks, for ids sentiments, so well, so beautiful
ly and forcibly expressed. Sir, they will touch
a responsive chord in the heart of every right
thinking man in this great State. They will
fly with electric speed trout the utmost limits
of the East, where tliu dark rolling Atlantic
beats its olt recuiing, ever repeating waves, ss
their phosphoncsceut crests flicker in the bright
ness of the rii-ing sunlight, against the sand
bound shores of Currituck, through the length
and breadth ot Ibis great Commonwealth re
verbirating and resounding amid the mountain
gorges, as it hastens on to meet a responsive
thrill i r the county ol Cherokee, where the
proud bird of liberty,, si's in majesty, upon the
pirinclr of simif' 'fftiMt"i,' Whh-fc has hnen
shivered by the desolating blast, as it swept
over the State, ami died of its wounds ; sur
veying the misery, poveity, and ruin that sur- ,
rounds hitn. Sir, to have the countenance, en
counigement and support of tliat venerable man,
cheers my li nrt and nerves my soul, to press
forward to flic consummat ion of the great pur
pose for which my con-lit ueiiu sent me to this
General Assembly; "the reUrf or' the jieoplt." Sir, t
he is venerable for years, ilistienuished tor learn
ing, and prominent for sound conservative
prittciplis and high regard tor constitutional
gnaranli es ami the righis of the people. The
Senate will pardon me, I hope, (or saying to It
.colhjilivelv ami to feiralors tiidividiialljj that'
such an example may well arrest their atten
tion and receive their earnest consideration, if
not, their concurrence and imitation.
ONE OF THK PEOPLE."
In Maiupthc Sentarha mssul a bill author
ir.ing inarrisore between whites and blacks, but
the lower Honse
gfent senmhd of nttWSfjm! crjlisfity. '
MB. CUNNINGHAM, OF PEES0N,
In the Senate, on Friday, "on the Bill to
Change the Jurisdiction of the Courts
and the Pleadings Therein."
Mr. Sfbakrr 1 do not desire to consume
unnecessarily tho time of this body, but I feci
bound to offer my views in regard to
tbe measure before us. I am opposed to tbe
substitute offered by the Senator from Pasquo
tank, but will vote for the bill as reported by
he committee. It- seems to me ttnerless to di
cuss the point as to the propriety, or necessity,
or even the constitutionality of this measure.
It is obvious, that it is demanded by tbe whole
country ; everybody has made up his mind to it,
ami even tha Judges arc prepared to give it a
chance, if it is a just compromise between
debtor and creditor. The ordinance of the
State Convention is radically defective as
a relief measure, by making it almost
necessary for all creditors to bring actions
to the Spring courts of the present year,
and thus involving the people of the State in a
crushing burden of costs. I have beard it es
timated that 50.000 suits would be commenced
this Spring, and putting the costs of each at
twenty dollars, we have $1,000,000 of costs
alone, a terrible tax indeed for the benefit of
relief! Sir, this deluge of litigation must be
arrested in some way, and it seems to me that
this is the first relief now demanded. I am in
favor of tbe bill under consideration for several
reasons, first, because it gives the dubtor tweWe
months more time to pay.
The propse conn. now py a tenth of their
indebtedness. But two crop have been made
since tbe close of the war, and if these bad been
full ones, it would have taken nearly all to sup
ply existing destitution, to refit farms with
Stock and -implements, ami to purchase the
household articles, which were beginning to be
so much needed. Bat the crops were short, and
in many places not sufficient to bread the people
and leed the stock, and great numbers have bad
to go in debt for the necessaries of life. Under
these circumstances, no reasonable man can ob
ject to giving the people time to make one more
crop before they can beTorced to pay even a
tenth. This bill, also, very justly, as I think,
allows a dt hto'r the privilege of preventing suits
by paying within the preseri!ed time, the
amount allowed to be collected. This is another
important error iu the existing law. For bad
debtors offered to pay the tenth of their obliga
tions by the first of this year; "creditors could
have refused it, and, in many case), would have
done so, hoping by the fenrs of costs, and tbe
trouble and exposure of legal process to force
their debtors to pay more. Thia bill, also, pro
vides that small debts shall be put on the name
looting with large ones. It remgnire the valid
ity of contracts, looks to future payments, and
gives tbe creditor the chance and tbe right to
recover his just dues, as soon and as fast as the
debtor is able to pay them.
. Relief is demanded by tire public calamities.
It is due to an honest and devoted people,
overwhelmed by losses, not resulting tiom their
own extravagance, and it is due to t he great
cause of justice nnd public security: To put the
country now at the mrrry of vpmrhirnrs', is to
insure demoralization, riol", bloodshed, repudi
ation and revolution ; and no creditor w ho has
a wise and jii'st sense ol his true interests, will
object to any measure that is ill uUted lorn
Courage industry, to inspire hope, n-i ! to protect
asisiety from anarchy,
But let this be our purpose ; let us hold an
even balance between honest creditors and lion
eat and unfortunate debtors, steadily opposing
all tendency to repudiationjnflcxibly interpos
ing to stay the tide of executions lhat threaten
to sweep all the means of the State into the
bands of extortioners, and determined to give
to all men a chance to pay what they owe, and
to receive what is their own.
For one, I shall never, under any circum
stances, countenance any measure that looks to
repudiation. This is spoliation of the worst
kind ; it is robbery, the taking from rm what
ia justly his and giving to another. It is im
moral, it ia inexpedient, it is ruinous ; it would
disgrace us abroad, demoralise us at home, and
oM'n the way to utter law lonjress and anarchy.
On th- other ti and. honor, honesty and every
consideration ol xrif interest demand a slay, a
teniMrary slay in the forced collection ot flelus
No honest class or interest can lo-e by it, and
the extraordinary circumstances of tbe country,
the univtrsal and unparalelled sutf. rinos -aud
losses ot a devoted R.nple, und Hie cMtises ol
their calamities would justify such rtnailrtn
the eyes ol all the world.
His heart is harder t'lan the icthi-r mdl-itone,
who conld object to ncli relict, fnirb designed,
and our self protection as a people: us an or -ganived
s.tciety, demands it. If i( 'be lt dned
on il.c principle disi iiMcd, wencd i.o: ii ai the
action ot the Supreme Court. Tina Imdy is
composed of me'i, ot' y hi otir men and states
men, as well as bm t rs. 'lir n oul i tie bold
and-reckless imn .ndi ed. it tiny wen- to pull
dowu a brv'ik wafer irt-sigrred only to prevent
universal nil n ; an 1 have no bub but that
tin ir desire i to mt the deli.r saved by means
that d roil strike at the root i f honesty, and
give all tbe advantage roonecia-s of the coin -in
nn i . v. :i ..
Mr, stpci'.er. 1 believe the measure bvb.re us
ill I'icVt till- lippioval of a.H t-ti lUglulid arid
lione.t men : and for one. 1 mil willing to labor
lure day and n i jr 1 1 1 till It is passed; aud I call
oi, intors to clinic to the work irr a spirit of
i orntiitoiuise to rcmem' er that evi ry day's de
lav i- adding thousands and tliou-ands to the
pntylic burden"," and endeavor immediately to
Uniterm's plan that will arrest the tide of ruin
settinsr in, restore confidence, and ilispire hope,
in every class of our unfortunate pecple.
The Courritr ilea Ktatu l ii, the French pa
per in New York.( after giving a summary of Mr.
BteveWe military "4hH",-W4v tbe -ettmied
judgment of it. The opinion-of an enlightened'
I foreigner partakes somen hat of Impartiality,
I jtnd sounds like lh voice of posterity j
"Such is the absurd legislation prepared bjjr
the chief of the Radical party. It is useless to
i discuss jt ; it is enongh to make public such 5m
i practicable measure, wh'.-H breathe only the
. a cents of wrath, ol vi ne o ' and passinn, and
hichcit'is-ti-be bocil,' wil f spi-edHv rcpa
dinted by the general reprobation.
REMARKS OF SIR. THORNTON,
OF WARREX, I
In the Senate on Friday latt, en the "Stay Lav"
ami 3fr, SpeecFt tuhttitute.
Mr. Speaker, it is known to you tbat I have
consumed just about as little of tbe time of this
Senate as any Senator in this Chamber.
I should however, bo recreant to the obliga
tions imposed on me, it I did not ask the indul
gence of the Senate, to enable me to submit a
tew remarks and only a few, on tbe question,
bow under conslderatioti, which I regard aa
one of paramount importance.
It not conceded, it is certainly generally be
lieved,! hat the present indebtedness of the people
of North Carolina is such, that ahould there be an
attempt to collect by creditors the result would
beVuinous beyond all examples. An amount of
suffering and distress would be produced there
by, unheard of in our State. I am one of tboaa
who bave all abiding, faith in the people. I
have great confidence, in the industry, energy,
and honesty of the people, and if time ia al
lowed them they will bring all their Industry,
and energy to liearon their crippled, and limi
ted resources, and in a few short years tbey will ,
be enabled to meet many of their liabilities
Something must be done for the relief of the
people, or we are broken up mined. North
Carolina ia in tbe "slough of despond" and aha
must be brought out by wise and liberal legis
lation. She is prostrate, bleeding at every pore.
In my judgment one of the most efficient means
of accomplishing so happy a result, will be found
in the passage of thesutsttltute now under con
sideration. If then the men to whom North
Carolina lias entrusted the power ot making ber
laws, shall well and truly look to her present
and future prosperity ; shall diligently seek to
uphold her best interest, tbey should at once
give to the people the relict so urgently deman
ded.' Standing here, Mr. Speaker, as the humble
representative of an honorable, high minded
and as patriotic a constituency as any man ever
had ; virtuous and intelligent, guided by my own
native sense of justice ; guided by my own con
victions ot what the exigencies of tbe country
require, without claiming to possess more Inde
pendence than other Senators, I am free to say,
if you please, I am bold to say, that I intend to
do here, or elsewhere, whatever I can to promote
the safety, tbe honor and the welfare of North Car
olina. I intend to do whatever I can, towards
the preservation of the people of my State from,
this "besom of destruction," which U rapidly
sweeping over our land. To stand by and see
our best men immolated ; our most useful citi
zens brought down to abject ruin, to beggary
and want ; to see their comfortable bomes and
handsome plantations swept away, and pasa into
the bands of unfeeling speculators, at ruinous
prices, would evince the spirit of a spendthrift
snd a prodigal, and not that of a wise Legisla
tor. The time has arrived when it become
this Legislature, as a Co ordinate branch of the
Government, to speak out boldly ; to speak out
It, Mr. Speaker, ynn desire, as I am sure yon
do as I know yon do, the re-establishment of
the prosperity of North Carolina, ii you desire
to build up her fields of industry and her fields
of enterprise, if 'you desire t" plaut the stan
dard of prosperity over Carolina's desponding
sons, then I entreat you, Sir, 1 entreat yon, Sen
ators, tbat yoii give to them the relief they so
much need ; relief tbat will fill their heart with
joy and gratitude; relief, Mr. (speaker, that will
make theirs, an ardent exultation. I only say,
what every reflecting mind knows, that without
rebel our people will certainly emigrate from
tncjild orth Stare., Surely, Mr. Speaker,. tUo
men who forsook all, w ho relinquished all, and
who stood by North Carolina in the darkest
hours of her trials and sufferings; who stood
by North Carolina like Arm friends in ber bloody
struggle for nationality, deserve the little boon,
the small favor this hill offers them. Our people
are poor, very poor, made so by the ruthless
band of war. Tbe tale ot suffering, misery and
woe, is heard from the Roanoke tbe French
Broad. TUc cry has come up to you, Sir, that
in portions of our State, the peoplu are not only
poor, but they are hungry and starving. Tbey
need and are entitled to relief. " The Govern
ment has, by an exercise of might, destroyed the
institution of slavery, thereby depriving the
jieople of North Carolina of property amount
ing in value to more than two bundled millions
This is the greatest disaster, the greatest ca
lamity, the greatest misfortune that ever befell
any people. Others may say what they please
in favor of free labor, I regard the system as
forced upon the South, as most abominable, most
iniquitous, most infamous. It is the curse of
onr land. This added to our political trouble
may well make our situation too horrible to
contemplate. But I believe there is n way by
which relief can be obtained, aud tbat way is
pointed out in the substitute now under dis
1 plead not for repudiation. I want it not
All I desire, all I ask tor ia. justioe, time, aud!.
proper indulgence. The people I represent will
never repudiate, snd should they fail to pay
their debts, it will be from an otter inability on
their part to do so. 1 am aa much opposed to
repudiation as any Senator on this floor.
I shall vote very cheerfully for the substitute,
because it meets more fully the ' exigencies or
the country. I vote for it because it affords '
more protection, more substantial relict to tha
people, than the original bill.
In conclusion, I have only to add, that I am
willing to adopt any plan for the relief of .the
Theek are sixty-one men . in the House of
Representatives who are willing that half their
country-men shall hold their liberties' at the
will of a brigadier general pf the army. Are
they willing to bold their liberties by the per 1
mit oi a military commander ! If they aru, Urey
are fit to be slaves, and .unfit tor the ,hij;!i. duty
of -an American Reptrsentatrrc. It'they are not,
with what justice can tbey . Iftdn to be true
Democrats or honest Republicans, who would
imjiosc an arbitrary authority on their country -man
to which they themselves stc unwilling to
submit .'.Vat. lattl.
Minister Campbell pron mnccs as unqualifl d
ly lalse the report recent I v circulated, ot a disa
greeraent between himself and Qeneral Sheratsg
on their joint mission.