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JVEWBERJV, JV. C. SATURDAY NOVEMBER 30, 1822.
fUSTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY, BV;
Tastcur &l .Watsoa, j
4y 53 FEB 1.S5C3I HALF rATABLX 1 ADVAKCtJ
MONDAY, NOV. 18.
a great deal nf it.. .j - f.L
. 1 ' . 1 o w ... - csi vouu icau iti suuif uiai ivcva J-v tins means
mfc umc, wi no nnnhf !u
HOUSE OF COMMONS. tr, U .;fJ
J ill' UUDM 9tain Inn. BA chniiM' tnri in rxttr nii;n cllfa a
rorae before vou It is a Hp;raKi-.u-. jjj.ii r . -
Ti,; hoi- h- ria i. n .r a Si-; -.?T. " ",U,S 10 :.SUUU ueai 01 proaoce. wnica aiipreseni en-
thi. Xtin f thJ 7Cn r ' I m tK 1 T0 i2 A j j 11,6 Pwe 0f fr'ches other states, and dravf capital to our
SrprSSoriiv h! b,y' 2 teT" arded market tovrns, which W o'ii produce
InThV J h House, appeared tradeIt, g.ves exctement to industry, has helped tb centre in theirs. though
and being duly qualified proceeded to. bu- ?nd produces individual and state wealth' it! dJrlhU' .k.t 2 J! h!!B
tmpC ,. IHmn.--i .l.x--.: I. - - - ... . v..j ...... ..w...v.
-. . i n . : " .uyMuicaginujiureoi tiiecountrv
il,. l?l . V r . . , ,L . Tg J 'neresrtl etery man to produce la market, even tbouorrte should
PT"11""! "m. f; U,'.' V 4 " J"" W f hi lands. As be addding o .he'w.ahh of another state,
rnin?ton. be aDDoinUni Snpakpr nf i th. i it enhance th f t- . )..:.-. . . a,,v. ....
n"j '0 jrr . - :r.7 ;. J ; T-- uirr sianas, yei m is out justice to ourselves, that wl Je
ooseof Cominons; and Mr.' Hill from t makes hira content to live and labour n Pnri L n,.ht;, 9i.t. 'L- K-i,i
us ueias, rather than abandon thpm Q vAi .tXJ r,:.....
..r, u rove in quest 01 wiaith in coun
tries more convenient to market. It diffu
ses knowledge among the people, by. throw
ing open tbe avenues of communication
and affording free scope to the interchange
of Opinions. ' anrf thi rirriilnfirm f ". .1
MOXDAT, NOV. 18. '
After the qualification of the members,
.niuoiioii ol Mr. (ilissou, Bartletr Vancey, Stokes moved that James Mebane; one of "is fields, rather! than abandon the
rvv as chosen pearr uir ceiidie , t me representatives from Urance be ao-
inJ on being conducted to the Chair, ob- " pointed Whereupon a ballot took place,
jvej I ana Air. Jones was reported as duly elec-
Gmtknen rermit rae to assure you, tea, 05 Totes to oo;and on being conduc-
nat J duly appreciate, and take this op- j ted tp he Chair, observed
vrtunity of acknowledging, the deep obli- j Gentlemen of the Home of Commons .
fitiou I am under to the Senate, for the Accept ray sincere thanks for the distin-
jitiiorm conbdence Willi wtitcu they nave guisheq and unexpected honor you have
iunored me. , 1 conferred on me. 1 am fully sensible, gen-
It may be in the power of your presiding ttemen, that lam deficient in the tallent
ficer to do much towards maintaining the requisite for rilling this chair with the abil-;-nity
of the body, and promoting tiie.de- ity, and dignity that should belong to it;
xim of db3te, but you must all be sen- andI shpuld shrink from the performance
thai this can be. touch more eflectually of the duly, were I not tiered with the
niipfl bv the efforts of individual mem- belief, that, with vour kind PKsUianr in
Crs. The depoilment of this House, for time of need, and indulgence for my errors,
Wral years pst, aflords the best evifrce . 1 shall t)e enabted to discharije the trust, if
if wrlut may be expected at the present not with; ability, at least with impartinliiy.
3smi. I again, gentlemen, tender you my sincere
In the discharge of vay official duties acknowledgments for the honor you have
Vfrelotore, l have ouen needed and iten done me."
reived your kind assistance and support ; Pleasant Henderson was appointed
jd permit rae to hope lor it at this ses- Ulerk, and Wm. B. Lockhart Assistant
jn: With a Iwpe that our deliberations Clerk.
A nomination for Doorkeepers was
made; but from the death of Ihos. Pound,
one of the -old Doorkeepers there being
many candidates, 'the balloting was post
poned until to-morrow.
ktv be harmonizing, and our labours use
Ll to uur country, 1 shall commence the
Suiies of the station to which you have
ii J 7J
O.rmotion of Mr. Glisson, Gen. Cov-
ttui was appointed Clerk, and Colonel
tlirk assistant Clerk of the House; and
I. li Wheeler and Kobert Kay, Door
0(i taotion of the same Gentlemen, a
jjj.nittee was appointed to drav up Rules
Urcorum for the government of the
vnate, consisting ot iUessrs. Mhsson,
B .Mitch and Cameron '
On motion 6t' Air. Wade, a writ of e-
ktion was ordered to issue to the Sheriff
Wayne, to hold an election on Thurs
y the 28th instant, to supply the varan-
k occasioned oy tue ueatu ol puraim
TUKSDAV, NOV 19
The Senate was chiefly occupied in bal-
p for Engrosmg ClerKx, vhirh resul
las stated in the minutes of the tlouse
WEDNESDAY, NOV. 20.
Mr. Sullivan presented a bill concerning
Mown of Lumberton, which passed three
iiiiigs aud was ordered to be engrossed.
THURSDAY, .NOV. 21.
Mr. Cameron from the select joint com-4
!iee appointed to prepare and report
a rules tor the transaction of public bu
tts, repotted the same; which were con-
Mr. Barringer from Cbarraus, presented
V bill to repeal an act passed in the year
p, entitled, An act limiting the time in
lic!i judgments before a justice of the
pee may be reviVed ; also an act passed
l5-'l, entitled, Au act'to explain and
P?aJ an act passed at the last session of
General Assembly, entitled, An act
p.t.n? the tune within which indument
ore a justice of the peace may be leviv
which bill was read the first time and
Mr. Spaight presented the following
solutions, viz :
1 Resolved, That so much of the Gover
r$ Message as relates to. Internal Im
jvemeots be referred to a select com-
That so much as relates to the-militia
JiHe public arms, be referred to a select
aaiittce. - r
5- Thn so much as relates to , Educa-3-be
referred to a select committee.
That the Reports Irora the Legisla-South-Carolina
aQ Imeuf to the Constitution f
United States relative lo the establish.
of a national Bank, be referred to a
? Th it the reoort and resolutions re-
ri from Massachusetts, relative to the
7-i 'niion oi a portion km tne puouc
for Edacation. be referred to the
&ptft .A rait..
;JtaatDHrt of lhr ti.ivcmor's Mes;ie
. . . o
relates to F.Hiiralinn 'An.l the forp-
resolutions were read and agreed to.
, Cameron presented the following re
n. which was read and adopted, viz :
L3 rfrf That a select committee be
eU to whoq, shall be referred all
' w other propositions relating to the
-r irv, b
t "iv-r, or Gates, presented the fol-
TUESDAY, NOV 19.
Mr. Barringer from the balloting com
mtttee tor Doorkeepers, reported that John
Luinsden, (the old doorkeeper was dui
elected, but that no other person had a ma
jority ot votes.
A joint committee of both Houses was
appointed o wait on the Governor, to in
form him that the two houses are formed,
aud ready to receive any communication
which he may be pleased to make them.
Mr. Fisher, from the committee appoin
ted to wait on the Governor, reported that
he would make his communication to-morrow
at 12 o'clock.
After several ballotings for a Doorkeek-
er, Ri hard Roberts was reported to be
i jOn motion ofr Mr. Hill a -message was
j sent to the Senate, proposing to appoint a
joint committee to report rules of proceed
ings for both houses. I he Senate concur
' .... .
red lu the message, and a committee was
A proposition was agreed to, to ballot
for three Engrossing Clerks.
WEDNESDAY, NOV. 20.
Mr. Beall, from the balloting committee
for, Engrosing Cleiks, reported that oaml.
F. Patterson and I'homas A misirong, were
duly elected ; but that no other person had
a majority of votes.
'." Alter two other ballotings, Robert Pot
ter was duly elected the; third Engrossing
The following Message of his Excellen
cy the Governor was then received, read
and ordered Jo be printed.
much of the' Gnvprnor'a mA.
c" reierred to a sdeci compiiuee.
Raleigh, V C. Nov. 18, 1822.
To the Honorable the General Assembly of
the State of North-Carolina.
Gentlemen Called together to consult
for the general welfare, from among our
fellOw-cilizehs in the various counties of
the state, and well acquainted with their
interest and wishes, you have ever been
viewed as a mnst interesting body. It is
with peculiar satisfaction that I once more
witness your meeting, confident as I am
that under the guidiance of our excellent
constitution, you will steadily pursue the,
common good. Chosen from among the
people tor your knowledge of their inter
ests and devotion to their welfare, we may
with safety rely on your patriotism and firm
ness never to abandon or neglect them, or
suffer yourselves to be warped by sectional
prejudices and local views, losing sight oi
the good of the whole For let us bear in
mind that the good of the whole, if not im
mediately, will always eventually prove the
good of every individual.
I beg leave to call your attention, irraew
observations, '.to some of the most promt-
) niif i.hierf t whirh claim vour rlfliheralion.
without pretending even to name mauy
things which youi wisdom ill suggestas re
quiring legislative interference. But it will
be found that by effectively promoting a lew
objects of fundamental importance, .others
which are highly desirable and ' useful
will follow of consequence, or at least with
much less immediate aid.
The improvement of the navigation ol
our rivers, an object which has fur some
I ) tars occupied the aUetuioii id tke Legtsla j
, aiiu aj niuuictiei v are tne op
erations of government connected with the
agriculture, the arts, and the commerce of
the country, that the farmer, while his in-
ieresi teaas him to avail himself -of everv1
source of knowledge within his reach re-1
latins to his avocations, will necessarily!
oe led, in proportion to his opportunities J
io ftjiowieage ot tne nature and admin
istration of his government ; taught t6 es
timate his national blessings; o watch
with an intelligent eyejthe conduct of those
in office ; and to guard against, the artifi
ces of designing and intriguing, men.. In
fine, so general and extensive i the influ
ence of convenient channels of intercourse,
that there are but few objects of legisla
tion of common interest, with iWhich ihe
subject has not some important relation.
It is therefore unnecessary to say that I
feel a deep interest in the internal improve
ment of the state) or to endeavor to impress
more deeply on your jnmds its very great
importance. The laudable zeal which you
have so long manifested in this grand pro
ject is an evidence that you aresensible of
its importance, and will not neglect it. But
s to the particular objects which should
be first effected, there has, I know, been
a diversity of opinion. We have, I think.
all seen, that had our limited funds been o
riginally directed to a few points of prima
ry and more general importance, and not
dispersed in small portions throughout the
state, the result would have been more ben
eficial to every section. Had we began at
the mouths of our rivers, and proceeded
upwards, every step would have given ad-
di ional impulse to those immediately in-
eiested in the work, and this impulse would
have continued to spread until the whole
state would -have felt ill For example
If the channel of the Cape-Fear, between
ivilminirton and the Bar could have been
deepened, so as to admit vessels that could
cross the Bar to come up to the town with
their loads, and to go out with' the same
freight j without the aid of lighters, it is ea-
expertments on their lands, in new methodt
of -cultivation, and the introduction of a ni
xies not of common growth, and which
hate been found to be profitable, not onlj
as valuable articles of produce, but as en
riching the soil, a very, great improvement
would, without doubt, be therebv effected.
a convenient channel to carry his surplus . But to you. g ntlf men, with confidene
and with pleasure, I submit the subject,
without pretending to dictate lo your wis'
dom, or believing .that I can add to .your
zeal for the common good.
' In connection with this and the subject
of education, to which I must beg leave to
in vite your attention at the present session,
I would mention one defect, which appears '
iq exist generally in the education of our
young men of liberal advantages : TheV '
know little or nothing of agriculture, and
arenottaught jtoholditin proper estimation.
The consequence is, that thrv nearly all
devote themselves to- the learned profes '
; petition. WhiJ' our treasures "are employ-
ed in public improvements, it is, sturely, de
sirable that those improvements should be
so directed as to repay u. lt;is, there
fore, of the highest importance, while we
open rivers which lead into other states,
and give the farmers inducement j to; carVy
their produce away, that we should like
wise make roads to our own market towns,,
to see the wisdom
of economy, and to feel the necessity of re
trenchment. They are in. the very situa
tion,! then, to return to habits of industry
and morality and they will do it, and will
soon rid themselves of debt, if you will
offer; them every inducement, and every
Ifaciltfy in your power. They will pre
seutly get into the good old ways of cer?
tainty and safety, and will be content with
a more moderate increase of wealth , :
By a judicious and w ell conducted plan
of Internal ; Improvements by opening,
so far as our resources .will permit, our
roads! and rivers, always taking care lo be-
Jin with such works as, are of mdre general
sy to perceive to what great extent the ef- t utilit the of wicli wouId, he most
texieusiveiy c&pcucubcu, we auuuiu go lur
1 towards accomplishing another mOst im-
inn in rUrinr th rlr t porlaht object ofstute policy, viz. the im-
m ur,,r,i;'n,r it?, L tprovement of the agricultural condition of
the country. 1 he planting community are
the 'very strength and sinews of th gov
ernment, and in proportion as they are suf
fered to languisJi, must the government be
come feeble ,ihd inoperative, and all other
objects of public utility experience a de
pression. The reflects of roads and navi
gation on agriculture will always be mutu
ally felt and if the legislature would give
to agriculture even a small share ot direct
fects. would have been experienced, both in
stimulating Hie navigation ComiJany to
higher up, ana in aiioraing oetter pn
the planter for his produce, and lessening
the cost of salt and other articles, r Bdt
the truth is, by dividing our strength so
much in attempting to effect every thing at
once, we have effected, comparatively, no
thing, and it is to be feared that few facili
ties to trade exists now that did not exist' be
fore the commencement of our improve
ments And what, but the one before as-
j K u .i . r . r. r i
v 1 17 i mi i i'hii 1 1 ri r i irrn 1 1 1 i-hiuh i i i iiih ft
" . J I .. UAn Ic r.. - J..U.
ure of our works? We have for several - mo ana eucourageuieni, uic.c wuui
years had the servives of an able Engineer,
who has explored our rivers, pointed out
the various obstructions to their navigation,
and given instructions in what manner they
wre to be removed ; a zealous and intelli
gent Board of gentlemen have been watch-
i . t j n . . :. trL-
ing over everv project, and pushing them uuc,w,u.v ........
Ill IUC VOlldgC, aiiu ncuitu uuiuata ito gen
ial influence to all "around There is an
inspiring beauty and harmony in' the as
pect of a well cultivated country which
seem to be reflected from the countenances
foward by every means in their power, and
still our progress is so gradual as to be al
most imperceptible. The reason i obvi
ous. Ve have not concentrated our mo
ney in sums sufficiently large to effect ihe
objects to which they have been applied.
If a remedy is stilt within our power, it is
for your wisdom to devise and apply it. t
have already said more than I intended, de
signing only to call your attention to the
subject. I he interest which I leei in im-
.i i i : . u
.i i-.- j- -i .i nnr. mi. anniprr. iitirutri iiit. uciud uu cm
proving tne condition oi tne peopie, tne J A . . v - u .
envprpintv nd strength of our coontrvi iravagance. uui .u. ..ur.w.,v5 u; w
will, I trust, claim vour forbearance, and
excuse the freedom and candor which I have
The report of the Board of Internal
Improvements will shortly be submitted to
your honorable body, which will aflord you
every information with regard to our pub- . classes of society. Why pur agricui-
Before we leave the subject of Internal
Improvements, suffer rae to call your atten
tion to a subject which has hitherto been
loo little regarded, and to which some of
the foregoing remarks have reference. I
mn th onpiiino and imorovinc -of 'our
r- s -I -o i j;
ioads. While we areexpending the pub- le reu.cuy.ui 7wuiuu8-
ic treasure in improving the navigation of meet, far better than mine, M suggest.
. -i i . l;
our rivers, we owe it to inose wno uve. re
mote from navigable streams and who, in
many sections find it necessary to go to
n.arket by ,landvto open Roads which may
intersect and unite at convenient points,
give our merchants a fair competition, and ; sions, and leave the calling of husbandry
add to ur wealth ; and this is still more equally as espectable and more useful, to
desirable, when we consider that it ivould ihose wham they consider their inferiors.
be to the manifest advantage of (he plan- Py this defect, And these consequent mis
terj by giving him a choice of markets. I -liken notions, we lose the talents and in
might point out particular roads which fluejnee of many a young man, who lags
seem to claim your prompt assistance, but ail(l withers in one Of the prolnsioiif,
thej circumstance that some of-you come when he might be an ornament, and guide
immediately from them, and are, there- in the quiet walks of agricultuie, and con
fore, much better prepared to explain and stitute one of that most excellent and u( '
enforce their importance, renders it use- class of society, good citizens. It U truly
less. Your j own discernment wijl follow melancholy towithess the crowds of druueS
thej subject throughout its extensive bear- that hang upon the rear.of the learned pro-
V ! - ' ' ! m 1 ft ' . . I "ft' '
mgs, aim your wisoom and attachment to lessions, ouraens to themselves and our-
the common wealth are a sufficient guaran- ens to society, 1 because they are Oseleits ;
tee -thajt you; will give it your mature delib- and many of them perhaps I . might spy
eration, and adopt such measures as are a 'ar&e majority men of talents, but un
practi. able and conducive..to ihe great happily misapplied., I trust, if they are
ends in view. The improvement of roads beyond the saving influence of the Legis-
and-i ivers would soon enable ourlcitizens lature, that you have it stilt in your power
to get out bfldtbt, and would be the surest to prevent ,nt,'r accumularion, and to dif-
. means, by affording a strong mo'ti'te jo in- fuse the talents of our state into more ex-
dust'j, by keeping them from the jruinbus tensive usefulness. -Should the Legisla-
and visionary schemes of speculation. ture even practically unite in the impor-
Talk not of Banks of an increase of rlr- lant troth, that it is of the last moment. to
culating medium, as a means of extricating the stablility and security of our republican
them from their embarrassments. ; It will institutions, that all kinds of useful know
only- (i put off the evil day?" of payment. I ete should beextencled to out youth, the
Our countrymen taught in the school of poorest as well as life richest ir is to be
j hoped that they will not overlook the arti
cle of agriculture 5 and in the pcesent flour
ishing state of our University, when its.
wealth has received such an addition j in
western lands,. its number offsfudentn such
an increase; its buildings receiving such
improvement and extension, and its able
Faculty and Trustees are so. zealous and
indefatigable in raisiog its reputation, and
extending the sphere of its usefulness, it
appears to be an auspicious period to in
troduce the subject of agriculture" within its
walls, and lend it your aid. Were you ev
en to devote a considerable sum of, money
to this purpose, how manifold would be the
interest which the people would receive in
its . advantages ? Young men of liberal
education would leave our Uuiversity.with
proper ideas of the dignity and usefulness
of agricultural avocations, and with much
useful knowledge relating thereto They '
would go into the difierent parts of the .
state, and devote themselves toagricutture,
and associate in Societies with men 'of more
limited opportunities, where their know!
edge and their influence would bejwidely
diffused, and give a life and vigor to agri
culture, of which we can easily form some
conception. 5 But I. would - not have you
suppose that this subject is altogether, ne
glected in our.ljniyersity. We have theie
a professorship of chemistry and mineralo
gy, which bear an intimate' relation to ag- -riculture;
and it gives me much pleasure to
state, that If have been infoi raed'that the
gentleman who ha? charge of that depart
ment of instruction, takes, a lively interest
in the improvement ot the agriculture of
the country, and devotes a part of fus
course of lectures to thai subject alone, and
loses no'opportunity of imparting to.his pu
pils every article of knowtedge which will
be of service in 'the business tof life. lam
happy that I have it in my pd;ver to make
known the , fact j that our .University is not
confined to those studies which, though of
the highest importance -in a liberal' educa
cation, have-no immediate relation to the
concerns of life I hive sild" the more
on. this subjectL because'it derives addi-.
taonal importahcje, rom the fact that we ale
and, from our geographical . situation must
continue to be an agricultural rather than
a commercial people. I trust ibat this 1
fact, and the intrinsic importance of the
subject, will lead you to a serious conside
ration of it, and (for it is surely pi actica
ble) to give it your aid and protection.
With regard to education, although we
have been considering au important part
of it, you are by no means to stop here.
Oar conititution has made it your duty to .
encourage and promote every kiud of use
ful learning. Its wise and patriotic fra-
mersr. who were about to buist nitn ihe
thrald joir of oppression, and who were sen- ;
sible of the enslaving "influence of igno
rance, ordained it to be their own duty
and the duty of their sons, to whom itley
were soon to bequeath the, inestimable leg.
acy'of freedom, to :ditltie lenruinga'poiif
flie effect would be reciprocated in a much
higher, ratio. With the increase of agri
culture, indeed, every thing else is made
to flourish Wealth, knowledge, and vir
tue conspire to make us happy, and per
petuate ihe inestimable boon of freedom
of the people; and I never presented to
inv imagination a more delightful .image
than that of flourishing fields, cultivated
by free and happy people. s Born 'in the
country ind raised a planter, I have always
felt a degree of enthusiasm in conterapla
means diminished by the coolness of de
liberation ; its consequence, indeed, is the
more -obvious and home-felt ; for its prac
tical and universal necessity goes into every
man's door, and is experienced alike by
... - iiru.. 1 : 1 '
ture, has been so long neglected by the I Le
gislature, aud is so far. behind band with
respect to bur sis terj. states 5 'aijd whether it
be not high time that you should extend . o
it your fostering care, appear me to. been
quiries well worthy your attention. Their
solution I leave to your own wisdom,1 and
If the reclaiming of our exhausted lands
could be commenced by offering premiums
or by any other better means,
cial results 1 apprehend, wou
d very soon
J I .