ii , . w r "
i M 0
'J r"'; V.-' "Tiivr-".-
Should I take him, : pleafe.youf Majefty,
aftiaid all Fans would take me."
'; ' In this alarming Crifis, this diftraded State of;
. Affair, I come, my Lords, withthis Paper in my
Hand (holding out his Motion) to offer jyou the -
I'beft of my Experience and Advice, which is, " to :
befeech his Majefty that he would be gracioufly"
, pleafed to" give immediate Orders to Gen: Gage to
uiwitiiaraw ms Aroops irom uciuic iuwi- vi uvi-
mental Laws of the Eriglifti Conftitution, arid
u grafted - on that Conftitution.- by the uri alterable
Jlawi of Nature r then I own myfeiffan American
;.tnd feeling myfelf fuch, mail, to the Verge of 1
.fay Life,; vindicate her Rights -If America," howi.
: , ever, "mould at any Time Tofe Sight of this,' then
1 fliall be ah Englilhraan, and defend thofe Rights
againft any Poweruhderlieaven that woqld ; oppofe
t upon the moft mature and deliberate Grounds, vi
the beft Advice I can givejou at; this undure.--Such
a Conduct will convince America that you
mean to try her Caufe in the Spirit of Freedom and
... . -. - y . i .. s ht. 1 1 : . ..:H . t
inquiry, ana not in Miters oj mooay jx m c a
Pledge to her, that you mean' nothing1 more tthan -Friendlhip
and Equity, and me, I truft, willfmeet
" you half Way. But how can me truft you with the.
Bayonet at her Brcaft f Nayi how does (he know,
but after having fubmitted to the Sword, ou mean
- to forge for her heavier Chains, the'general Confe-
quence of ferocious .Victory. ( ; ,
I have crawled, mv Lords, to this Houfe Today"'
" to tell you fo -I think it my Duty to give jthe-.Whole j
of my Experience snd Council toT my" Country at ;
all Times, but more parHcularly when (he is in fo '
Wuch Need of it ; 'and having thus "entered ' upon t
" the Threihold of this Bufmefs, I wil knock at your '
. Gates of Juitice, .and r.ever Hop, except infirmities''''.
Ihould" nail me to my Bed, until I have, at leail,
i tried every Means in my Power to heal thofe un-
with Danrcrperhaps whillt Lam now TpeakMig,
' the decifive Blow.is ftr uckpt which may; involfe-r
the very Jirtt Wrop ot Uloott that is ipiuca wm nor
be a Wound cafily flcinncd over it will be imVa
bile yvtnut ; a Wound of that rancorous and fejter-
ing Kind, iTiaf,7ina!! PiobabilifyT": will mcrtify '
the whole Body,n ' . . v
Let us then, my Lords, inftantly begin with'this
B unnefs7 but let u s not aft , as h l th eno h as beeu
afted taking it up by "Bits and Scraps, . as Exi
gencies preil'e J, without any Regard to general
Relations. and Dependencies. What fignifies mere
ly repealing thi?; or that 'particular At i This is
' but meanly fncaking ; out of one Difficulty perhaps
7tojeUnt6aw6rfe th Pur -
poles of a wife, amicable,; and . conftitudonal S f
tern. The mere Annihilation of a few little dirty .
Skreds of Parchmentcan never produce any lalt
ing Effeft on the Happinefs and Commerce of three
' Millions of People, hitherto ground down with
Miferies and Wrongs, and in hourly dread of hav
ing them occafionally rehearfed. . . ; , ;
We muft look on this great Bufinefs in one large
:fnnnAViw- work on iKrSte&.bv Step, .with
Caution and Liberality, and never lofe Sight of it
until it is accomplilhed ; this is the Way not only
to obtain Confidence for the prefent, bat folid and
, Jailing Happinefs for the future r The ;Line thus
drawn, the Americans will have fomcthing 'to trull
.: to and we (hall be taught not to tranfgrefa that .
- Line. Thus mutual Confidence will: be begun,
- and tautual Benefit mutt follow. I know-ihat it
" has been in Circulation, that if the Stamp M had
fi ever been' repealed," we mould be at this Hour in
Peace and Quictncfs with America ; and from this
many, People urge the Danger as well ll55ay
; of cpnei Hating Meafurcs at preient. But though"! j
could readily refute the tallhood ana ADiuraity ot
tnis Auertion, oy appealing 10 we very uiiv.i.u
American Governors at that renod,
3 ten from your
.Iflull weave this Ground, apd only mention to
your Lordlhips a Circumllance which will fet thist
Matter in a lill clearer Light, and hew you the
Temper, FirmncfsaftJ Ccmplexion, of the Bolloni
" ans on that Occafion. i
. Sometime after the Repeal of that Aft, I hap
pened tote in Company (at the Houfe of a mutual
Friend above ioo Miles from this, Town) with one
of the moft confiderable and intelligent Merchants;
, In this Country ; in a Gonverfatioii I had with him
upon this Subject, I beggfd him to be as explicit.
. ' as poflible in giving me nis Opinion of the Repeal.
This Gentleman then told me, and confirmed his"
Account by fevcral written ai d refpedable Evi-
. dencestbat the People of Bollon, previous to the
. Repeal, waited in fuilen Silence the Deliberations
of the Britim Parliament, and were pofitively de
termined, if that Day's Viclory had not been ob-.
tained, immediately jo ibandon the Town, their
Rcfidence, and all the Benefits of Commerce i to
the Country they were determined to retire with
their Families and Friends, more happy to be Ftct
men, tho Tillers of the Earth, than Slaves under
the greateft Prcfperiry. Does this Refolution look ,
like tamety fubnatting to Indignities f Or does it
. fhew that it is owing to this jul Relaxation of Go
vernment, that they have been taught to aft with
thatFirmnefs and Perfevcrance, they have fines
that Period purfucd t '.
I would not, however, wifh, my Lords, by this
to encourage America to proceed beyond the Line
of Right I reprobate at much as any of you thofe
. ACis of Violence which a few of her Mobility have
. committed but when her inherent conAltutional
Rights are in vaded, thofe Rights (he has an tquita
Lle Claim to, the full Enjoyment of, by the fu;da-
January 3 1 . ? Mr. Wooldridges Oration the other
: Day at the Bar of the Hoife of Commons has, it is
' faid, embarrafled Adminiftrition more than: the moft
celebrated ones delivered by Chatham, Buike and
Barre, during the three laft Yeafs.tl . ' ;
. . Yefterday a Number of Artificers in the Cloth
, working and Hot-preffing Bufinefsl, failed with their
. Families, for New-York'. :- ';xVJ: 'U- - .
: A very eminent Corh-Faa6r Has fent. Qver Com
jnilfions for twenty Thoufand (garters of Corn ; to
be imported in different Bottoms from New-York,
Maryland and Philadelphia, by which fevcral Ame
rican Ships are Jcept employed, ' which muft othei-i
r wife have been laid -Up-r-T?-4.-rr--r ..r-
fo tbe MoncuraM tit COiONS .-GwwiT-BiLt-
. ' "Tain, in Patliamh eSfembled:
' The humble Pet it 1 0 n of the Merchants, Traders,
and others,' of the City "Vf London," concerned
in the Commerce of North-America, '
C ,. ' SHEfVETM: . t'"- '
H A Tyour Petitioners did, on Monday the
M 23a lnitanr, preient an numoie retition to
this' Honourable Houfe, dating the Nature .and Im
portance of the Commerce' between Great-Britain '
oi law, 1 cars nave nappenca tnerein; tne alarming
State to which thaf'cpmmerce is 7atT"pTefent7re'(iuc t
ed ; and the true Caufe, as your Petitioners appre--hend
of the fame : : And relying on the J ullice. of--
this Honourable Houfe to take the .Whole of the
Weighty Matters lo itated, . into their, moft ferious
Coniideration, did humbly!! pray, That this Hoitfe
would enter into a full and Immediate Examination ; '
ot that Syftem of commercial . Policy, which had
formerly been adopted, and uniformly maintained
to the Happinefs and Advantage of both Countrie,
and would apply fuch healing Remedies," as can"
-jmlyireitcrfir and . cftablifh ,the Commerce between
Great-Britain' and America, ort a permanent Foun
dation. ,v '-.'.": ' '
Your Petitipricrs have ever conceived an Opinion,
refulting from Education, 'and confirmed by Rea-r
fon and Experience, that tiie, Conne&ion between
Gr'eat-Briuin and America, originally was, and
ought to be, of a commercial K-ind j and that the
Benefits derived therefrom to the" Mother .Country
are cf the lame Nature. - And obferving 'the con-,
tor more tnan a uentury given to thele valuable ub-
jeets, iney nave oeen taugnt to admire tne regula
tions, by which that Connection had been prcferv
ed, and thofe Benefits fecured, as the moft efTeftu- 1
al Inftitution which human Wifdom could havefram
ed, for thofe falutary :Purpofes ; pcfuming there
fore on this Opinion, and upported by this Ob
Nervation, your Petitioners beg Leave to reprefent
to this; Honourabb Houfe, uiat 'the fundamental
Policy of thofe Laws of which they complain,' and
the Propriety of enforcing,, relaxing, or amending
-thefamearcQueltions hfeparably Jinked, with ihfi-.
Coramercc between Grcit. Britain and America;
and confequently,. that ihe Confideration of the
one, cannot be eutered 01 without a full Difcullion
of the other. i .
Your Petitioners obferte, "by the Votes of this
Honourable Houfe, tha a Committee hath been
appointed totakc into Cjnfideration certain Papen
prefentcd to this Houfe ly Lord North, on Thurfi
day the 19th Inilant j ari by the Titles and Dates
of faid Papers, and in p rtieular of No. 148 and
149, of the fame: Your Petitioners are warranted
in prefuming, that the f id Papers contain Matters
refpe&ing the prefent i tuation of America, and
effcntially concerning th mutual Iaterells of your
Petitioners, and thst Ci ntry.
Under all thefe Circiinftances, your Petitioners
find Rcafoa finccTcly to lament, that this Honoura
ble Houfe has thought ft to refer the Confideration
of their faid Petition toanv other Committee, than
that, to which the faToPapcrY had prcvioufly been
referred: And jour f itioncrs conceive, that by
the Refolution to wh :h this Houfe hath come,
repccling the Referent ; of their faid Petition, they
are abfolutely preclude from the Benefit of fuch a
Healing, in Support 0 their faid Petition as can
alone procure them tl it Relief which the Impor
tance, and prefent dej orable State of their,Trade
reauire. '. . '
Your Petitioner's the :fore humble pray this Ho
nourable Houfe, that icy will take the Premifes
' into their immediate Confideration,': and will di-reft;-'
that. your Petitic crs may be heard by them
felves, or their Agent ia Support of their former
Petition j and that ri Refolution refpetling Ame
rica may be taken by this Honourable Houfe, or
any Committee thcrec , until your Petitioners ihall
have been fully heard it Support of their faid Peti
tion. ' - ;
rublifhed by Auaority of the Committee,
. THCMAS LANE, Chairaiaa.
:fek ti It is the Fafhion it the Court End or the
Town,- moft Companies to reprefent the AmerK
cans as.defpifable Poor, and. little better than a
Banditti j but does the Miniflry thinkfthat a milita
ry Force is the beft Method of civilizing a People i
And, if the Americans are fo poor, why Khoula tho
Miniftry contend with, fo much Zeal to load theni
with Taxes I But however his Creatures, may talk,
the Minifter well knows that the Mother Country
ecciYctwo-Jvlukons a Yrar from-the poor-unu
yilized Banditti of . America. : V '
' Feb. 5. The King of Spain has taken op a Nam-'
ber of Dutch VelTels of Burden SflLth Texel, for
the Purpofe of exporting Stores to the Mediterranean
andJWftIndies ;-and has orclered tne lland of Ma
" jorca, i n the Mediterranean ' (abou t tw? nty Leagues
1 from Mjnbrca) '.:tob'eortifie4"wi'pSi'fed, great
. Quantities of building Materials and Sto es having
lately been exported from Spain for that Purpofe.
Feb. 4. .An intelligent COrrefpbndent allures qs,
that the Spanilh Court have offtfred the French an
extra Prefent cf ' 2,000,000 1. befides the Loan of
3,006,000!. for twelve of their third-rate Ships of '
Sir J y A t, ' we are well informed, has -"
been7app)ied;tff:to :fapercede: Gen1l' Gage, who, "
from the Dread of fpilline human Blood on the one
Side, and the Contempt (hewn him and his Army bn
the other, begs to be fecallec?. Sir: j-- y, in ;f
CbnCrquenice of this, has been twice clbTctted ;',but ;
that General pofitively refufed to embark till he has
eo,ooo Menent with him, befide the Army already J
in Ametica; . ' :
" Council w be then holden ) ' the following Rcfola-
;. ' ,: Feb..6.r 'fwo tlean 'Sloopf of 1 glQunaelicVare"'
ordered from Chatham to the Well-Indies immedi
Etely, to ferve as Advice Boat under Command of
. the lngi iflt Aamual-a tJamaica ?r
Feb. 7, -All our Advices from the We ft-Indies
agree that the French and Spaniards were . n ever fo
bofily employed in fortifying their Settlements as at
prefent," :-1 : -- v-X"-;'"-.''r :" :-
Feb. to. The Merchants, fc'.' of Whitehaven,
trading to America, have forwarded a Petition to'.
Sir James Lowtherr andHenry:Fletcher,"lf4rin
order to be prefented to Parliament.
Feb. ii. . We hear that a great General Officer! '
refufmg to undertake the Reduction of, the Boftoni- "
ans to Obedience, Jwithout the Aid of fo large a Bo--dy
of Forces as 20,000 Men,' was only .a Feint to get
ofFhe Appointment, he having privately .edared,-!
, no Command fhould tempt him to meet thofe Men in
.Hollility, whom he had for fuch a Number of Years
lived with oh the greateft. Terms ot Friendlhip and
honourable Confederacy. . " ,
February 22. At a Court of Common Council
. .held Yefterday at Guildhall, (after the Matters to
, be objected to in the Maflachufetts-Bay Bill were
reterrea to a committee, - who are to make their
tions were come tot
Refofaed, That the Meafures of-'Adminiftrationi ,
: rcfpeOing our fellow Subjects in America, adopted,
by the late Parliament, appear 10 this Court in the
higheft Degree dangerous' and alarming, and de(
mand our moft ferious Attention.. j
Rffolved, That as the Opinion of this Court hath
already been very fully and partial' arly declared
againlt an Aft of the late Parliament, intituled, An
Ad for the tovaking more effectual Provifion for the
Government of the Province of Quebec in North
A mericaVwethink itequally auDuTjMobcaT"
Teftimony alfo'againft four other Afts of the faid
Parliament, which we efteem highly injurious to
our fellow Subjects in America, viz. An AcY for
the better regulating, the Government of the Pro
vince of the MaJTachufetts-Bay ; alfo an Aft for
the impartial Adminiftration ot juftice in the Cafes
of Perions utftioned for any Ads don'e by them in
the Execution of the Law, or for the SuppreCion of
Riots and Tumults in the Province of Maflaehufctts
Bay ; and alfo an Ad to difcontinue the landing
and difcharging, &c. of Goods, Wares and Mer
chandizes, at the Town and in the' Harbour of
. Bollon ; and alfo an Ad, .intituled, An Ad for
providing fuitable Quarters for Ofiiccn and Sol
diers in his Majelly's. Service in North-America
they appearing 10 this Court td be not only contra,
ry to many of the fundamental Principles of the
' Englifli Conftitution,"and moft eflential Right of
the Subjed;.but alfo apparently.inconfiftent. with
natural Juftice and Equity ; and we are therefore of
Opinion, thai our fellow Subjeds the Americans,,
are juftified in every conftitutional Oppolition to the
faid Ads. . -
' The Friends of Government, among the Mer
. chants confider Lord North's conciliatory Plan in a
very difagrecable Light, not on Account of any
Advantage it really gives up in Favour of the Ame
ricans, becaufe there is no Conceflion made with
out the Americans acknowledging the Power of the
Mother Country, aod fubmitting the Money they
raife to her Dllpofal, but on the Account of the
ErTcd that fuch a Difpofition at home will have in
America. Thus whatever, is done from Principles
of Prudence and Moderation, will be conllrucd to
nrifefrom Cowardice ami Timidity,' and the real
Friends of Government in Americawill have to
larfccnt the Inftability and fluduating State of ur.
Proceedings at home, as thcy;had before when the
Sump Ad was repealed