The North-Carolina Gazette [1768-1786] … /
May 12, 1775, edition 1 /
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Ancettors were engaedfaffer fromjfach Cfrcum
ftancesTTo their FEELINGS we may truft; on the
- 'REASONING of the Multitude' therejs' lit4e De:
pendence. .For my .own Part .1 think with'-CAR
fDINAL DE th4t t Number, above one
Hundred, is Vit befl; but raeYe Mob." Hete the.Houfe
felt tbt, iExfreJpw as tsa trong. It never couI4 be
v my-Intention to apply, the" Rule to this Houfe, "long
".trained in Form and DifciplineV though tbmetirnes :
there areDoftrines snd Proceedings even HERE
' that would furprife a Strangp r inrn thy fig igfr , .
But the noble Lord fay, '.;VhKkb "petitionl
: tW?CafURCHA'SS an J DEMEJICfe for
pulling downthe Meeting Houi;, they; w?re con-;
victea ot i kilaoUI .but no we ever.tnougne or
faying thtonfederates or Aflofeates were io, REji
jc.LL.ivn. i uimK womouit dc very cauu.uu
firi and ACKNOWLEDGE the Right, and then ;
we: m grant RelreEt Have they pot petitibhed J ;i
Is there a Means bf Supplication, and Proftratioa.
how We criminate Bodies ofxJr
jgepeev-Iare fay the noble Lro
ed; himieFr."Bat this' I -affi
HOUbt.. It appears to mdth t
. - k L 1. a .
ON. - I beg the Houfe.will atteitt particularly t
what I now fay, before they englge. their LIVES ,
and FORTUNES. Tt appear. G1NERAL GAGE r
Llu&zreeularly DECEIVED . Adkiniftration, : No
Event has turned out as he foretdd, oi gave Rba
the L d P 4. mould be fil!c4 tp I&'thr .worJ,
Lords fpiritual and temporal, and."
7 L--d R m auainted the that the tfiattrf 1
which he, rote to was to prelent two-petitions, one
from the merchants of London.ionceraed iathe
commerce to North America, and the other from
i the -Weft-Indimerchantif1- planters, - and factors j
.. . -i- ' - '.!.-' .' . : .1 .1.
HE HAS" HI- i I that he imagined their contents wero ot the- Mgnes
HISlM . importance, were; tmmedutely-.relatiye to the bufc-
they have not tried l l am convinced they went to
the Crown merely as a Mode of introducing their r fori to hope j thenext Letter corftantly contradicts -
pofed on himfif, but jhe Facts
. jrcuuuu Mcrc. . uY uu aenv iicarinp meir lfrents,' i ine rxppciaxious rauea Dy me ramcr.
An HonrGcntleman in.
wiihedirwe V'fcad ::'h;ard jthr?: Piditins.V4;..-Do dt '-Vl ::"''Doubt crefsly.-'irri
, then con demn ,4hem for, NOT a PETITIONING ,
till you have declared your Resolution tp HE AR
'THEM. . Can it. be expeftcd-the1 Americans will
,'al on the Innuendos.:ofVa .Minifter ? If you mean
'fairy why fnot declare your Intentions by fome bind
ing Act? After the Eail-India Company, vho will
trull vea You "in vited I E Mlin tt( A;
Hopcsland Declarandnst ahd "afterwaraleUrerr
of this very Petition, to deprive them. Jjoth of their j
MONEY and their PRIVILEGES. In the -ceded ;
Iflands yoj invited Men o fettle under the ROYAL
PROCLAMATION , and then levied 4 and a Half .
'JjptT Cent. on ' their- iVducv;: which , .Procedorgi hasl
. lately been condemned in (he Courtrf Laiv. Iri
Canada you have been guilty of a greater Violation,
' "as Liberty is dearer than Propertyv .. Hereyou .. have.
Engagements to Mankind; ireeat it again, what
"Man, or Society ofMen, can trad yon f . v .
-r The next Objection to the Americaii's is THE
A" CONGRESS. This now. termed -an ILLE-
"he Malecontents were'abaml, and the Friends
of Government wobld (bon appar." Next, i his
Expectations from the' Allemb were 'difap'point
ed." and' he -diffdlved them n Surpriie : - then,
1 RIVED THIS ;'
no Intelligence I nels unaer:conuaeration, ana were- weu. wor,inj o
one aay, oeirg certain tnac wuan mat uwt pcuuu,
information of infinite confeuenCe would be laid :
Nleaftvfofte the tigour of the , meafurcs they were
madlyfaftily. ind , blindly proceeding loadoptt'i
His LP-pithen defued 'that the 'petitions migh -Le.?e'ady"i':
waicfcjbetng' complied with he)bfeived ;
as a queftion Washow before the II e, that matt
;be firil difpofed of atid as 'confequently the fobjecl
matter of petitions couldnpt regularly come under-
: the cognizance of the H e;xand that he Rill hoped
" the. hoiife would be wiling .to hear the petuiorrcrs,
as men fuffering under the heavielUnisfortune.none
of which could be attributed to their own mifcon
chct, he would be under the 'necefiiiy,' as the only -e3hTIefvoF
moglhe OTevions queftfon. which , '
q!aL.Ppinadopr Jqrtkingijat3 -cuoaderatuvi .
. a general uate 01 trie petitioners grievances t 1 fttx x".
previous queftion'was accordingly poti and his L -p
proceeded. - He ob'fetved;-that' uotil the previous
queftion wa? firft difpofed of, he -could not regularly
enter into a difcuflion of the add re fs; but he would
" tieverthclefs-iri ihis ftagejof the bufinefs, affure thft
H-e, that there was ope paragraph in it,' which
. . . , M H ' I ' I ,1 J
he torarfy. eucuiroea, ana denrea to.oe unacntooa.
there Would be no CpRprelsi" next, jtdhoaahl.
there would be a Cangreis, ; tfiey would difter and .
ii fgrtc 1 , in fhdrtj H& oaiffiAi&xi3 iKJbv-t
' vain Expectations, till the'very fait Letter which
denounces a total DiafFeclio an4 wh'kh belieVi -to
be the true. State 'of the Pryvinces. ;.;y ';' ; a7'-'.
Singling out the Province pf Maflachufetts.Bay,.
ca anlwer norurpole, but rt expoievourirartia(i-?i
tv. It is the CXUSE of ALU and the other Co-
Jfonies can never be fo mean a& Arlt to encourage and
'Fifheries'; but he fays, 'tie ,A6l js only, to be .
Temporary." Does the noble Lord think -he can
turn the Channels if Trade s eafily as ne'ean turn
v" the Majorities of tlis Houfe? To explain the Idea,
GAL MEETING.' Government here, lay": by fuppofing the 'New England Fifheries ftopr, theit
.wLl6aLtxFeHon wiung tneir'sveioivesv it
"they had been favourable to their . Views, or had '
any untoward Circum (tan ces brolve their Union, we :
Jhould.have had much EULOGIUM on the Con-:
grefs. ? Now they have come to Refolvcs favourable
to the Liberti3s cf Mnkindi all is A B USB. I do
not knd.7 by' what Law except that of common
' Senfe) Mankind can bt: regulated cfl thefe" Occafi-
9ns.- What Kind of Meeting can that .be called
rwhich was held in this Place at the REVOLUTI-
ONf' Aldermen and old Members of Parliament
'"mixing in Confu tation - -The NecelJi ty , on thefe
Occafions gives Rife tor the Cafe You wifhed to "
know the Senfe of the Peoph; of America t Was
'ever the Judgment of, a People To fairly: taken
"Firft the Occafion is promulgated. "'ThePeoDle
cnuieKepreientatives. Jiheie chule J?eputiesv",Xhe
each Member retern to Jus Telpecuve Colony.
wherchis Conduct is again approved NO PLACE,
no PENSION, no BRIBE, to influence his Eleai
'on or biafs his Vote. But even-as to the Legality.
"The Manner of Meeting is not new. Government
melt cauea a i-UINLKt.ib in tnc lalt War, to ap- ,
portion the Quotas of Men and Troops.
One Gentleman has faid, that car Situatiois
Vfluite new, and there is no Example in Hiltory to
direa our Steps." I fay there is a Cafe direftly
similar, but we may be. too conceited to profit from
fuch Experience, PH1LIP.THE SECOND, and
Jwsfeveatee 0 Provincesyare the COUNTERPART
if what WE are acting. The Debates in his Coua-
.cil on fending the DUKlOF ALVA into the Nc-
thcrlands, are-applicable i every Part, lie was
advifed by twd lenfible Men, to repair thither himw
ifelf, and heat the Complaints of his People, before
nexame to luchTath Relolves But the Majority
I faid, as in this Cafe, that his Glory was cbmpro-
mitted. It was not Religion only, but TAXING
.. WITHOUT. CONSENT OF THEIR .STATES,
.that brought Matters to the kit Extremity : The
Duke of Alva it;is true, was-victorious s every
where at firtl, but his Cruelties were but fcwiii the
Serpents Teeth. The GUES, the BEGGARS of
,. theBricl, elleemed at that .Time infinitely more
dcrpicafrle than the jNcw-Englandmen are repre-
fented, gave the firft Shock to the Power of "Spain,
Injcomparing the Probability of Eve is can any
t M?n fay Great. Britain has fnch a Profpec tof Vic
, ;tory in the Contcft as Spain mfght then have ex-
"petted Yct we know- the EVeat,.- ind how that
'mighty Empire was rent in Pieces, -The prefent
Refolution hurries us into that Situation from which
there is'no reteating. It obliges the Americans
immediately TO ACT. By declaring them in
. REBELLION, they mll have Recourfe TO
'ARMS; all Ncgociation it cat off. I think the '
: ""Vv'ord REBELLION both impolitic and unjuflina-
t. I beg to know what Paper on your Table can ,
"yindicatt that Term ? The hrlt Law Officer of the
Crown laid, a Number of Men
TREASON was REBELLION," - I
him m the Dcfinitioo : According to my Concep
tion of the PhVafe, theymuft be in MILITARY
ARRAY, to 'efTcft fome Military Purpofc.. One
Hundred Men COINING MONEY are NOT in ,
Rebellion,: though committing Treafon. Infur
teclioni to pull down Inclpfures is not Rebellion,
jXtough deemed a ConflruOive leryiftg War. In
g1ifh Merchant madly increafc his Steck, "and fit
ont new ShipsV if the Afljis' merely, temporary )
If it is pefjpctual, the People n America are rifin- ,
ed. The Confeqiience is, that the' French, muft in
the Endjreap the Benefit of all this ftratige Policy.
AvTWENTick Extracts from tbe mofi ndttrhxl
parts othe ftvtral SPEECHESVfiWr in dthatt
' in the- ofon Tuefdaj laft on a motion for fill'
iff up tbt blankU.U an addrejs to bh MajtJI re-
Jpeiling tbt prtjtnt fouation of affairs in Amtrtca .
' nvbitb etdrres vas drawn up bj tbe t C ' , " and
reprefmttd to 'their L '" at a ctrrfcrenct held tbt .
A S foon as the L -ds managers had returned
. Oifrom-thTs.cecenfr. the L d -tloLiho
t'oniit reported, the "iuj&cl. Jtter nmmu area ttd
j the managers cm the part of theU-rT If thcr raid -Conference.
Before his L p was well fcatcd, the
M -s of R-r-m, and D If rofc to fpeak ; on
which the pa'rtizans of each noble L d infilled that
their friends Ih'ould have the jjtoference.'. In this
-cotiluhon the La K-r put the queltion, ' Is it
your L ps pleafure that the E-1 cf D, be now "
heard ? This brought the D-: of R 4 on his legs,
who contended that it was a moft flavKh pofition to
fay that any L--d in that H e (hoard have a pi-
ference of 1jcin heard before the other ,and that -
the preference mould entirely be directed by deteT-miningwhichLthe.noble4LislwasTirIl-up-
L-d M d replied, that he had always underftood
it was in the option of the chairman, in either
. H (tie S-r in the other, and the;L'l.P i
in this) to fo far decide st feaft to put the fird .
quiftion on which of the two pcrfvhs he pleafed.
To prove this, his L p adverted to a remarkable.,
inftancein a committee of the H-.; of C--son the
Spanilh conventioti in 1739, when two members ri
ng.at the fane intiant to make motions cf a direct
contrary tendency Mr. W-nT, the chairman point
ed to one of them in preference to the other, wich,
gave birth 0 the witty observation of Mr. P, yj
afterwards E I of Bh, in th"e courfe of the de
bate, " That , the chairman had made the Jtadtfl
foht he ever faw in his life, L d C -n Taid, it
was to the lad degree indecent to prefu'me, what ci
ther of the L- d$ intendetLtq.move that they both
came equally recommended in point of preference;,
and that therefore the noble L d, .who, in the
judgrncatjef the H e, (hould appear to be firft up,
mould be firft heard, L d C r infilled that fuch
a mode of proceeding was totally unufual and un
parliamentary i that very early in life, much a boot the
period the noble and reamed L d alluded to, he
remembered a crrcumftance which came direftly in
point; it was on an. intended motion of the late
ll d H x'i, when the L d K -r decided againft
him, that another noble L d (hould be 'firft heard.
In all this hdfrV and confofion however, the true poiat
lf.l m At)
on wnicn tne preierence contenJea lor reuea. leem
- in fopport of the iueafares therein recommended,-.
'hazard their lives and iorJMs ; Yor. he now openly
. declared, he would neither rifque not 'hazard life ct ' .
fortune in fuch a caufe. He , faid the noble mbver
;d verted to fpmething which he did not rJerfeclyan-
f derftand," about unanimity If every man who oppo-"7""'
fed this addrefs Was prefumed to be kcToated by falfe (
fictions of popularity "Or facTious" morbes, hcbeliey- ,
'ed four fifth's of the nation would tall under that
.-; predicament ? but 'this he. ould anfoer for himfelf,
at ail events, that he fhndd not tread in the Heps ot -his
noble, -but ill-fated - anceftor, Xord Stafrord) .
who firft courted popular favour, and then defsrted
the caufe herembarked in j T for as he hid fet O'Jt by ,
fuppQrtifig the tacfe of, the -people lagainft the ty
tanny and arbitrary meafures of minivers, fo he
-ihould never, for any temptation wharfoever, defert
ot betray them," bat would perfevere to the very -Ia'ft
in endeavouring to obtain for them 'a full rc .
'piration for all the injuries they had fullained. , ?
.Lord C y rofe, -and after lamenting the veVy
Xritfcal and dangerous fituattori of liFairy.and deplo
. Jing "tne ioiWwk;cknnLppUy lcd to- them, . vfHY'
of opinion, , that there was only, one alternative left, .
wh'rch was,, to agree. with the prefent motion, and
iefolveTto profecute the moft vigorous and e'ffeclual
meafures for enforcing obedience and fubmiflidn, ot v
at once to give up the point, and rtlinqoilh altfort
of political connection with the colonies for ever,
L-d Pt contended, that the fca was our pro 1
per element; was againft. a land war, and rlre
nuonfly urged the neceffity "of fending 1 navil force '
fufiicient to b'ock op thrir harbours, and by that "
means to cut off their communication with all other '
Pwi? nd,put a total ftop. taihtirxommerce.
ea to nave oeen ennreiy mittakcn, tiu.L :4 L gn
"pertinently obferved, that theprfercnce was wilhtht
noble E 1, out qf the rcipcd due to the ether
branch of theiegiftature. The queftion was at length
, put, and the motion was carried without a devifion.
L d D 4i accordingly rofe,' and after putting in
his claim to be heard to the queftion at large, mov-
ed, that the blank intheadd'refs.prefented by the
C-) at the ccflfitcc.ee, aad fiiw, commonkatcd by
I-d D nh united in opinion with his two nn.'
ble leadera on their general principle), bot infilled
that a military force would be necetfary for the pro
tection) of his majefty'a loyal fubjetts, who would , -be
otherwife expofed to the foTy and violence of their
mcrtilefs perfecutors. , ' ;
Ia d G r adhered dofely tithe ifnmediate quef
tion before the H-e, the propriety of cnterbginto
an immediate examination of the matter contained .
in the petitions, intended to be prefented by the no-
ble M . He faid, the petitioners were perfons
who defervrd every mark tf attention and refpeft
which the H--e could pay them, confidently with
the jnterefts of the empire at large and although
their grievances weic imaginary, their 'complaints v
weie neverthelcfsdcferving of indulgence. He trufted,
however, uhen they maturely confidered that the.
fteps now taken were to prevent the return of fuch
,evils in future, they would chearfully acquiefce In
the wifdom of Parliament in the prefent inflancfc ,
and be gratefully thankful hereafter ' for if the fa- '.
premacy of the legiflature was once given up, their
trade, commerce,, and every pofiible advantage ac
cruing from either, would foon be annihilated. Ha
theretore hoped, that the Merchants would, on th
prefent occafion, fubmit toa temporary inconyenl- -ence,
nay, a mott lived diftrefs, to iofore the rooft .
permanent and important benefits, and manTfeft that
degree of magnanimity which afenfe ef their own
interefti, founded in fubmifiion and acquiefcence to
the' wifdom of Parliameor, muft upon mature con ft
deration and paft experience, moll certainly foggeti.
d M---d was -elegant, perfuafive, and dif
fufe. He faid it was impollble to confine the atten
t tion of the H merely to the matter of the previoui
out ft ion. lie per foci ly coincided in fentimeot with .
tne noble E 1, who allured, that wawere reduced ,'
. to the alternative of adopting coercive meafures, of
of for eter rclincjulhipg gur claim of fovercignty
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