'fc&fliblvi it ; might be! dan feercios'? 'to ciyfctf,'
't . . iw f.ii .t.i - T:r.:-
iiut it your rroceeuings manucii uiai nappy upy
fition;,which is to be deftred ardently by every good
Friend to this as well as the 'Mother Country, I
affure you, in the Warmth of my Heart, that I. will
return with the preateftiov. and fhall iconuder it -. I
as the trioft fortunate J vent of myJLife if you give
me an. Opportunity to be an Inttrumentof promot-
... Vt - - j. ; -
log your ijappineis, ana mcuiaiur uciwccu jruu
'and tnefupreme Authority, to obtain for you every
Explanation of your Doubts, and , the. fnlleft; Con- ;
viftionpf the 'Sincerity of their Deftr'e to confirm to :
you the hndifturbe4, Enjoyment of your Rights and
TWrrvv and I (hall he well Dleafcd,.:bv brinsinir
rny, Family back again, that you ihould hive luca .'
a pledge ojnv&&c ana
of my Wilhes to cultivate a cloie ana lamng inn-
taacy with thfe inhabitants-
"June lo 1775. ... ....
proacJuKj; Fate,' tftid to Took y to .the
which God and the Conftitution furnifh,
of or alleviate the impending Calamity,
In CONOR E S S, 2, 177$.
:lfpn' Motrin, tRtJolvtdiZ ..' .: vi: "
That no Bill of ExchingerDraught, or Order of
any Offfeer in the Army or Navy, their Agents or
C ntraaors be received oregociated, or any Mo-
fuoDlieJ to them y any , rerion in. America.
.Thus circumftanced, the Inhabitants of jthe United
AmericattCdoniiif by their Representatives, jnet in I
i.ongreJs at x 'btiadtiptoa in aeftemetr lait, deviled ar
Plan of commercial QpobiitKin as a peaceful Ex pe
l dient to bring about a Reconciliation with the Pa -rent
State, "upon .Terms con IUtutional and honoura- '.
ble to us both. A moft humble and dutiful Petition
v toihe Throne accompanied k.7 ;The firft; of thefe
has ndt had fiifficieht'Time"t3v'w6rkhe EfFeft pro- ,
pofed by, it The latter, however, flattered i; with -"
a gracious 'Reception' upon the firft Introduction to
the Throne,-. Va afterwards buried in, a 'Mafsof'nfe -
-lefs Papers pon the Table of the H mfe of Com
rtns'an ared. themmon Fatejf wiziaei
"Hmonftrancw andTemionvUd be reltfckd andlbrgou"
To the, 6efut Catalogue of OppreiEona recited
in the Troceeoings 6f the late Congrefs; are now fu-
pcraaoeu a xm pa"cu . rarjiameni ior prpnioiung
the Fi(hcr.y,oT. -rhe fit-u?' Ene&nJ Colonies, and, re-
the TraJe of other Colonies to Gn&t-Bri.
That no Provifions or NeeeiTafies of iny Kind be'
rnrr.ftu-d or fttDblied to 6V for thoUfe of the Britifli
Armv or Navy in the Colony of MiflTachufctu-Bay
and that no Vefl"( I employed in transporting BriHlh
-Troops to America,; oMrom one ran ot Nortn-A- -.
tnerica to another, or warlike Stores or ProvifionsJ
ior Ta'id Tibops'j'b'e. f eighted or urhihe with"Pr6r
i vifipns or any Necefiaries.nintil farther Orders from;,
. this Ccngre.frh-...: . 1...:, .
, trtXloprfrm the Mitjutet. ' , ; -
-r CH ARL1SS THOMSONrStrcretaryr
In : 0 N G R E S S.
Monday, June 12, 1775.
AS the G R E A T G O V E R H D R' oft h e
W O R LD, by his fupreme and univeifal Pro
vidence, not e nly conduces the Courfe of Nature
with unening Wifdom and Reftitude, but fre.-
quently Influences the Minds of Men to fcrve the
wife and gracious Purpofes of his providential Go; .
Vertiment ; and it being, at all Times, our indifpenfi; ,
ble Doty, devou'Jy to acknowledge hisfupepintendirg
Providence, efpecially in Timcs.oi impending Dan-
and Public "CaUmity, to reverence a'hd adore -
iaint.!lrikndt' iU the Writilk' W eft-indies The
Minifter ftill coijtinues to pour 'frpops into the
Town of -oJIi)n..Stme have lately arrived, and
many more are riourfyexjte&ed ; thus? reducing that
cnce.flourihirigCitj to a GarrifonVdealing out from'
thence his Inftrumcntu of .Tyranny and Opp'ffll
rn, to overawe ah3 enflave the other Colonies. 'His
.p. . . . - . At . . 1
, hi? immutable J ultice, as weiras to impiore nis mer
ciful Interpo'fition"fpf -our Deliverance."-;-- - 77.- --
This Con Cksis, therefore, confidering the pre
fect critical; alarming, and calamitous State of thefc
a t tnf rift
Colnmes. do eaineH v recommtnd, tnat 1ukj
DAYX ht.Twentittb Day of Jul; next, be obfe
ed bv the Inhabitants of all the Cnghlh U
f. . - K i. 1! ' m ' it" nrt .
Dies on this Continent, as. a nay or pumic HU
MILIATION. FASTING, and PRAYERi that
' we may, with unitedjHearts and Vol
our joint Supplications to the All-wife,
and Merciful Difpcfer of all. Events, humbly be-
fetching him tp forgive our Iniquificj, to remove
.our prefent Calamities, to avert thefe defolating
Judgments' with which we are threatened, and to
,blefs our rightful Sovereign, King GEORGE, tfce
J (Id. and infpire him with Wifdom to difcem and
purfue the true Intered of all his SuKje6U,--that a
fpeedy End may be put to the civil Difcord between
Great-Britain and the American Colonies; without
farther Effofion of Blood, and that the UritiQj
Wation may beirjfluenced to regard the Tbitgtlbat
belong tt her Peace t iff ere tbty.ere bid fre m ber Ejet,
v-that thefe Colonies may be ever under the Cire
and Protection of a kir.d Providence, and be prof,
fered n all their Interefts. ' hat the divine Blefinrj
jnayjefcend and reft upon all our civiLRuUfs, and
upi n the Rcprcuntaiives of the People in their feve
ral Aflemblies and Contentions, that they may be
directed to wife ard 'effectual Meafurcs for preferv-
. ing the Union and frcuring the j u ft Rights and Pri
viJfgts of the Colonics.tharViriue and trueRcli.
gion may revive and fl iurilh throughout our Land,
and that America may foon behold a gracious -lo.
terpefition of Heaven, for the ; Redrefs oThrf
inaujr Grieyarces, the Reftoration of her-invadfd
Kightfc, a Reconciliation with the Parent State, on
Terms conflitutiona! and honourable to both, and
that her civil and religious Piivileges may be fecuf
ed to the latelt Potlrrity. And it is recommended
tq Chtlftlinf 'of all Denominations to aficmble for
public Worfliip, and to . abflain from, fcrvUe
Labour and Recreations oa faid Day. .
. Hj Order ef tbe Cenvrefo, ;
- "JOHN HANCOCK, Prcfident.
fA true CeffJ
r CHARI.ES THOMSON, SEcaeTAav.
Defigns have hithtrto proved unfaccefsTul. Heaven
feems to have iffutoed the Proteiory of the injured,
1 6 f a 1 ted Tppl on fts7ah d "fi gliaTIoTave appeared in
theirvoUrV ihen in the late Battle at Lexington fix
Hundred rajy,. uadifciplined provincials, defeated
eighteen Hundred.repular Troops, . and purfued
.V'No Engagements are.'f alH cien t!jr facfed to fecure
the performance of theroVhen the Fears or Expec
tations of jhe General make It convenient for him
to difpenfe with .them;. ; After, the mod folemn
Compacts to the contrary, . the. Inhabitants of the,
Town of Bojlon are doomed to foffer the moft abjeft
Diftrefs from the want of the common Jecefliries of
Life ; conSned within the Walls of the, City, and
riot permitted to fee k a Refuge amrmgd her TeiRh
bours in the 'Co'untry . -Thefe are the Miferies which -jhey.'fulFer
for tljeir. brave D-fence of the common
Caofe of Britijlj America. They Were deftin'ed.as a
rrfl-Viftira to n)inifterial Tyranny. But, Fellow
" SufcjeclSiT think not his Schemes' are to end here'.
No,, if Succefs fhould ftrenghiien his Hands the
inhabitants of the Southern Cjlonies would foon
.feel tbe Weight of his Vengeance. . , ; ... .'
eiv- " The Provinces of. New ttanpjhiri, Rtbde IJIand,
Brethren, hav enlilled Bodies of Troops, preparin?
for the laft Extremity, and. determined to live -free,
ces,, unfeigned. J or not at all AVw Jeri,hs, to the Drigrace of
Omnipotent, I Liberties of ptmerica, boldly ftood forth, determined
To tbe COMMITTEES oftbefeveral Ttiuni' and
Ceuntiei ef tbe Province of North-Carolina,
appointed for tbe Purpoje of tarry ng (nti Exetmfon
1 the Ktfolvtt if the Cqntimntai Concress.
W u tv n tnc UDemes ri a rcopie are invaded,
and Men in Authority are labouting to raifj'
"vStroflurt of arbitrary Power upon the Ruins of a .
free Ofinditutinn t Vhen the fir ft Mni(lr of Rritnl'
exerts every Influence that private .dJrefi or publi:
Violence can give him, to (hake the Barriers of pef ."'
fonal Security and private Propert) b it natural
for us, Inhabitants of America, deeply intererted in
tae Etent Qjfhii Deigns, to be aruicui for our ap. ,
to brave every Extremity, rather than fobmit to the
Edtfls of a Minifter, or defert the Protection of
their conflitutional Rights and Privileges. Nttu
JtrJfJ r tnr.fr Ivamas and the Trovmces to the.
6'oothward, havetakejO an .hoacurable Share in the
Line of Oefcacej armed and equipped to avert the
ieipenditg Calamity, - dreading a civil War 1? the
jnojl awful Scourge of Heaven, and to plunge
their Swords in the Breads of their Fellow Subjects,
as the greateft bf all human Calamities, and the
' trioft painful Exertions , of human Fortitude; but
determined, at all Events, to fuffer theExccfsof
htiman Mifery, rather than be brought to the Feet
: of an infiilthvg Minifter. '
North-Carolina alone ranains n inactive Spefta-
-or oi this general -defenfive Armamept ,fupine anT
carelefj, (he feems to forget even the Duty ftje owes
to her own local Circumttances and Situation i have
you not, Fellow Citizens, a dangerous Enerrry in
your own Bcfora, and after the Meafurcs whichnhe
Minifter has cctdefcended 10 in Order to carry into
Execution his daring Schemes, lo you think that
he would hefitate to raife the Hand of the Servant
aairfft-rte Maftey? Do&of Jotnflon, a penfioned
Tcol Tor the Ivlinillry, in a Pamphledr intituled,
Taxation no Tyranny, fpeaks the Intentions of AH.
miniflratiqn in a Laaguag too plain io leave any
Thing-to dcubt: " The Slaves mould be. fet free;
Han Aft which the I overs of Libeny.muft furely .
Z Vomroend,"4f ihey are furniihed withArms for
defence, and Utenfils for Holbandry, and fettled
in fome fim pie Form of Government within the
Country, they may be more honeft and pratefnl
t than their Mailers," are the Words of this pro
ilitoted Court-Favoorite. -.;.
Have we not been informed thai the Canadians are
to be embodied, and the. Indians bribed to ravage
the .Frontiers of the Eaftern Colonies t Has not Gc
neral Carlton already given a Specimen of his Pow.
er by forming a Canadian Regiment of Men inimical
to our Liberty and Religion f Can you think that
your. Province is the ngular Objeft of minifterial
Favour, and that in the common Crufh It will ftand
fecure? Be affurcd it will not. The Bait the Mi
nifter has thrown ou't to you is a delufive one, it
Jnds to D;ftfuftion : Have you not, by various
public Afts, declared your Refolution not to be
bound by minifterial Shackles, bat. that-you will
live in a free Conllitution, ct perifli in the Ruin of
it ? Do you imagine after this that you are bis Fa- '
vouritci i Voa are cot- D 0 yoo aCt wh; then yc"
"ar exernpted from the Penalties of the Bill rdirain
ing Trade ? The Reafon is obvious Br itain cannot
ketp up its Naval Force without yb'u ; you fupply
the verySinews of her Strength : Reftrain youj Na
val Se'oresVUnd all the Powers of EurepejCin ijcarcely -
rfpplf;hff7ern-the'm,s-'an$'you. ftrengthen the
. Hands of America in the glorious Contention for her
Liberty ; through you the Minifter wiflies to dilunite
the whole Colonial Link ; we know your Virtue too
welUo dread this Suceefs ; yoa have the Example of
:New3"ofi to animate Tyouy fhe fpurns the proffered '.
Boon, and viewj the Exemption of that Province
from the reftraining Bill as the Smilerof a Minifter
who looks gracioufly ia her Face while he ftaba her
to the Heart. ' S.:
It becomes the Duty of ui, in whom yo-J have de--ppfited?
the mod facred TTraft;Ttbfw;rn2yojif-yoor-'
Danger.-and of the" moft effeflual fcans to ward it
off. It is the Right of every Englifi Subjeft to be
prepared wjth Weapon for his Defence. We con
jure you by the Ties of Relrgnn," Virtue, and Love
of your Country, to follow the Example of your Sif-
1 ter Colonies', and to form yourfelves into a' Militia.
The Eleftion of the Officers, and ' the Arrangement
of the Meri, muft depend up(jn yourfelves. Study the
Art of Military with the utmoft Attenjfi :n, .view it
as the Science upon which your fuWe Security de
ptnds. -r-y-'- p:: "
""--Carefully oreferye the fmaliQaanitv of Giinnow-
der which you have amangft you.-itnvill be the laft
;. Refource when evry other Means of. Safety Tails
J P.u. ljGreat - Bt 'aJiaac vty ou-off-f rofn-fu t her
Supplies. We epjoin you you tender the Safety
of yourfelves, and fcll;.w Cjjbnifts, as you would
:vi(h-to-live anddie" freer., that you would" refer ve
In Part, betrays his Cour;trv who frjorts it Vwa.
perhaps in every Charge he fires he gives Wth it the
Means of preferving the Life of a fellow Being.
We cannot conclude without urging again to yorj
'the neceflity of arming and inftruftrng yourfelves, to
be in Readinefs to defend yourfelves 'againft any Vi
olence that tayp be exerted againft your. Perfons and
Properties., In one Word, ' Fellow S ibjefts, the
Ciiiis of America is not at a great Diilance : If fhe
falls; Britain muft go Hand in Hand with her to D
-ftruftton. -Every Thttig o'epends upon your prefent
Exertion, and prudent Pcrfeverance. B in a State
of Readiaeis to repell every Stroke that through yea
uiuii wuuna jinucnaans;er ner. ;. strengthen - the
Hands, of civil Government, by refilling every" ACt
of lawles Power. Srcrn ryrannyrin itsCcmmenCe
ment; oppdfe every Effort of an arbitrary Minifter ;
and,, by checking hs, Licehtioufnefs, prtferve tle
Liberty of the Conftitutipn, and the flon.Tur of your
-Sovereign Look to the reigning Monarch of Bri
' 4ain as vour riph; f oi and lawful S.werpion Air
, every danger and Difficulty jnSupport of his Per
- fort: Crown and D?nitv arid cnnfir-i.ifi.r M
Traftot to his Kirtg, who, infringing the Klhta
01 nis simetuan auDjects,. attempts to invade thofe
glorious Revolution Principles which placed him on
. the Thrcne, and muft prefcrve him there. - .
We are, Gentlemen, .
- (tour m ji obedient andery bumble Servants,
PbilaJihhik' " WILLIAM HOOPER, ,
June T JOSEFH-HEWKS.
June ig,. 1775. RICHARD CASWELL.
P O R.TSMOUTH, Juxe 2.
, Laft Tuefday nbout 30 or 4.0 Mn from on Board' the
Scarborough Man of War, now in this Il irbour, cawe
on Shore at Fort William and Mary, and have torn
down great Part of the Breaft Work of faid Fort, and
did other Damage. . , ...
-The D:iv hefore this Attmift. th .rirWnr-n n U ti.
, rro Provifion yelfds, loaded with Corn, Pork," Flour,'
Kye, &c. coming in trow JLong-Illand, which were for
the Relief of this Place, as the Inhabitants are in great
" Want of Provifions ; and nctwithftanding the moft pru
dent Application of the principal Gentlemen of this
Town, the Captain refufed to reUafe them. - . .. .
. O (hocking situation ! Upon this Rcfufal it was ap-
prehended Uie moll violent Outrages' and Tumults of
the People would immediately follow this Detention of
their Provifions, the Conferences of which would be '
moft probably very fatal to Ms'Majefty's Sul jefts, by
bringing into the moft immirunt Danger the Lives ad
Properties' of his Cud Subjects, v.liich ought by all
Means, to be prevented if poflible. . '
. Uronbis unwarrantable Tranfaaion'tle Inhabitants .
of this and the neighbouring Towns were greatly a-
- hrmed ; and the next Mdrning between 5 Qr 600 Men
in Arms went down to the Battery called Jerry Kittt,
and brought oft" eight Cannon, a, and 31 Poundtrs,
, being the whole that were there, weighing 4800 lb.
each, and brought them up to this Town. While they
were taking off the above Cannon, tbe Canceaux, with
a Tender, fet fail with the two Provifion Veirds for
Bofton. The next Day live Town was full of Men
from the Country in Arms. ,
This uncommon Exertion of arhhrarv Pr.u-r
" - ' -----wj m C IliliilV"
ct.ttely alarmed the Inhabitants, and the Committee of
bafcty having met, a Memorial was, by their Approba
tion, prcfented to the Governor and Council, who took
tvery prudent Method in their Power to, pacify the
Peop'e, and to btain a Releafe cf the Captures. J lis
Excellency repaired on Board the Scarborough, and
informed the Captain that the Provifioni weie the Pro
perty of fome of ti e Inhabitants, ho had before eon
tmfted for tlie fame but the only Anfwer he could
obtain was, " that Admiral Graves, and the General,
had forwarded Orders to take every Protifion WCA
that fliouM be met with, on everv Stailon. an4 rA
, thrm lortrmith to Bofton for the Supply of the Army
Stal borough, infcrm:d two of the Committee it Ftrt."