: i OSCEMBER 12, 1JJJ. " T
WOR TM-CsIR 0 LIN A
I j With the lateft ADVICES- Foreign: and I Domestic, f
SEMPER PRO LIBERTATE, ET BONO PUBLICO. 1 I r
, ' 4t : -Nijmbbrv 406. ! I -'5 VS :
;- fv :';. 4'.", ; - '.
j f ' . December 5 th, 1777. j
fk? Lucubrations have been ferned. Specfc. No. 78.
f Mr. Davis, ;
S voa favoured the Carolina Planter with a
place in your laft gazette, nd find the gene-
we fhould foon hear that the price of thbfe' articles would ber I
advanced. , j. ' i ,- ' ..--.( ' ; 1 : : ,
j It is through the mean, and malignant difpofitipn of the to
nes, our proceedings and jntentions as far as they knew was re
gularly conveyed, to the enemies of men's juft rights;; It has
rality of your readers this way approve of the been the torics that poifoned the minds of the common people
fubjecr., it encourages me once more with your and others of weak intellects, filled their thoughts with fright- '
'further indulgence, to offer the public a few . ful apprehenfion and dread of the fovereign power and irrefiila- ;
more ot my evening s remarks. ' : Die prowcls, cf Lord iriowe witn nis army j teacnmg.tne people
The fubjeit of this paper is fome confiderati- the danger of being juft jtb themfelves j That to infill ' upon,
on on the fud Jen fall, and diminutive value of our currency, maintaining our rights as! free men, was a fundamental error
with fen c difcriminations oa Tories . and ' Merchants, a fet of in the human fpecies ; that to think for ourfelves, or indulge
people that in many refpe&s can hardly be diftinguifhed, and .jtise thoughts of independency-, was a crime of, tire dee pelt die.
if ther mav be feperated in a few inftances, they have hitherto I: has been the tories, and,avaritious people, that oCcafio'ned all'
been jointly" pernicious to the public good and well being cf the
The efcire.nce of the times and natural confequence of war
and repelling force by force, occafioned a lirgc eniiiHon and ra
pid "circulation of money, the great and. fedden plentyj itiuft of
cocfrqucncc, ia fome degree, leffrn its valued .Sodiers to be
!ifled and capered into prcient pay and good quarters. Large
the confufion that has hitherto been among us, and made, the
fenfible and difintereflcd piart f Etirope wonder there could be.
the leaft difunion among ourfelves It has been the tories and
merchants, depreciating pur money, as' already deicribed that
this ftate is brought on the verge of ruin,1 ; without firfivrmg the
common violence of war; - they have been of far more, damage
to us, than our avowed an;a open enemies, mat lpreaa; m ccr-
Coaaties qiven, ' this made light coma lirht go. The common I rar of their warlike weapdns in the open -field. However, fome
wonle rather than follow a diligent employment, chofe to go merchants are whigs in principles, in a private capacity, good j
neighbours, and, divefted! of their calling, worthy of eltt cm, but
1 mutt' neither apologize nor palliate much.' I amfiilly enable,,
from ah intima'to and general Jenowledge of their difpofitioli
(thoueh I have .known one1 that would not, or, if he knew it
into the army, : this raifed the price of labour. The demand
for ammunition, arms, provilion, doathing, blankets and tents,
occafioned vaft more fums to circulate among is, and every ar
ticle in d-rnand commanded fomethin'r more than common price.
T - o - - w . . ,i ... . , ... . , .
But as the circulation of money, was fo general, the-advantages j arry on trade to the prejudice pi tne pupiic ; mat 1 can venture
and :difadvan:ages.fcr fome time kept on a tollcrabje even bal- j'to fay and refer to the judgement of the people, " there are
lance; and our currency would havtf bsen of good tife and rea- many among us at this time, but would, if they had it in their"
fona'ble falue unto us tillthis day, but fjf our Horits and Mer-- power, purchafe and export any .quantity of provilion outot tiie
The unbelieving Tories and Dupes of arbitrary power', whofe thoufan
try, though the fare confequence would be the ftarving of
fands among ourfelves, and a great part of thofe articles,
creed attribute omnipotency to Lord Howe, and pronounced the the fupport of life, muft i neceiianly without almoita miracle
armv under his command invincible, and that nothing was im- fall into the hands of out enemies. Indeed by their avaritioul
take, forget'icg there is an over-ruling providence that rules 'and able to pi
cver-ruie all human Srength and cor.tiivance. 4 When irfdc-; fily forele
pen dene: wa
s declared, and many of th
poSb'e for them to perform, that they had a" mind to under-- practices, provilion is come to fo high a price, tnat lew will DC
Die to purcnaic any dc.iucj icuiicucs, m. vuuh.juwiv.. w
een, and will be feniibly telt by the molt mart ngntea
s merchants and in perfons, before the expiration of many months. I wiin i could.
other capacities were pofleffrd and had thc.commaudi of much lay down, my pen and quit the iubject without oblervmg, as 1 ,
money, and as they had bad hearts and cowardly fpirits, they" think I ought, that by the covetous difpofition of mercfaanM, ;
tions of curing provilion and lhipping J
catrlp nr merrhriA'i-rr tiint Cn th r n f .'!., rate thev' micr ht the fame out of the country, i in inort,, it is owing w avarice,
torn their money into fome other property; have been apt to monopoly and Jfpirit of extortion that' the moil valuable and
rome" npceflarv article fair, as well as many other ufeful things, bear.
nponu through. Virginia j with their pockets full of tobacco and fb high a price, and do ho; circulate more freely and general a
Ukc all our fauare dvlizrs from us i.nd lieht their pipes with mong the people at a much lower rate. Sequtdem pecunia amor
them. ' r i
The mcrehsrts 5ri rtT2l wi'hout manv exceptions, are fun
peieiyeu, ana nououDt many or tnem wiinea, we mignt not re
able to fupport cur independency. Therefore made' it their di ing profit by felling fome
lipent.care and v practice, to oive any price for laiodi negroes!' more particular'with inttn
ti-rici, the cbjcil cf their addrati-
eft radix omnium malorum
If my .bbfervations are judged to be' tight, it is the province.:
of the legiflature and in their povyer, alone, to attempt a relief
zi far as the nature of things arid circumitances will admir.--A
perfeel cure of fuch deep-rooted evils, muft be the work of
time, and will require found judgement, honefty and afiiduity,.
without refped to perffins. But I
prefiirrie that fome palliativea
elfe the body politick will fall
owed by violent convulsions.
darccntallr neither whi
on.is profit,, and their ihort creed is that gain js gcdlinels.f'
Wc may compare them to the Jews, as greedy hunters after gain,
and that hat few of them are real friends-to any country. Some
of them no doubt were well wiflicrs to the independency. Some
lukewarm, and 'many agaiml i: iron;. tory principles,1 but generally-
avete' to the icfill&nce and cppoJiiion made to the arbi-
trary, and unprecedented mandates of britaiu, bcaufe the na
ture of the contcil neccflarily for a time, would bar cp the .ufukl
avtnues and free intercourfe of tradK Many of them upon to
ry principles, above defcrib.d, coafid.red'our cuJrency as the
mail nrrrarimit Jnterft thtv cfiala r,offi?fs. and all. from their
.--r- j .: ;n fv?m nni more fimilar inftances I could mention,
;w: r.-i 'A k-r.t:, .nlrlM tkv liwamontr manv common wealths,- that no mercuant.inoula pe
m, ,'.M,t nm!f nn sdvince of Drice.i-i ama?iftratc. or admitted into the fenate or council. And mer-
TJios continued monopolifingand advancing the price in buying chandizing has been condemned by nnical decrees
irrcntv icnv iwum uy iuu - , - -
ought quickly to be adminiftcred, j
inn x delirium: that kttl be fol
A few "more obfervations upon merchants and merchandizing,
rI'he Carthaginians pi
rovided difTerent refidences for merchants,
nr4 wnnlH not fufTer them to Iive.in common witn tneir otner
citizens. The Grecians did not receive them.within their walls;-'
There was an ancient
xad felling, untill they have reduced the credit of our currency
to the Iowea ebb. and made our
trlv fnrm hv manv
money of little more value to but St. ChryfoIlom,s words, are to the ojlowingrrect j.
u thaa watte paper. It has been & common and juit remarK a- i.ct no cnrutian bc a mcrtu- .!yr-T,---
1 r i tV- ar of rh ar. be cad out cf the church. " i' ' 1 am, CCZi.
rifili nf one nr morff vefiels wi'th'faltl fome'mclajTcS. ZiQi that .