-"Sir- s" jtt ' '"J
Fran, karing bcn dcfpatc.ed oa fpcctal cb.fl M tbt
court from the ited ftate,. . .
W I LL I A M 5 B U R G. Jfril 17 '
THE S. Taainy. Capt. Cnmngnam. in twelve day, frma
Si. Bnftatia. i"d J""""r
Ml, Lgo. Id he, came paffe.ger Mr rhoa. Shore of Pe
terfbarg. ' By f.id effU we h. the mel.nc.cly accost of the
K.ndrfpa frig'.. C.f. Biddle, hng blown op. .boot fifan
L.-JaftA. had ftrnck to the V- f
.,. It w foppofed to have been done by feme of the c 0
loard. at near oie hundred of them were deferte.a from the Tar
EX. TS whole (hip', company cped of three bood, d
od fi.teeo meo. only three of whom were W-We Jfok
'hat the American frigate Alfred iauken by the Aurora of jz
pun., hn.ine been deferred by her confort in ume of aaioo
loth th.fe accident, happened bit March, to the wmdwa.d of
TheBriti(h cruifcrs cn this fta-ion have lately captured, and
brought into H,iiHton road laii Monday, a Spanish foow and
fcho oer, and a French vtfiel". . -
The flxp Sally Norton, Capt x m twenty -one days frrm
Martinique, is arrived at South Quav. laden wn jfugar ccffee,
ialt. and dry good. Capt. Cox miorm, u,. that he heard Ca
Thomfon lay, who arrived from France a few days before him.
aVwaa obliged to put into Lifron in diibefs. that a packet had
ioaraved ther frcm England, with intelligence that three
commifiToners were to fet out immediately to treat withhe Amc
rican Congrefi, ,wo had full power, to acknow.edge our inde
pendency,, provj&d .we gave them our trade.
Extrca j Uutr fy gtnfiemanim Martinique, t btt frund i
tk'u c:tj, dated March 1 8, 177.
I did mfelt tbe honour of writing to ou on my arrival at
this place. I then informed you of die interring new. which
prevailed here. Trie account. Which arrived yefterday feem to
promiie f me little repofe to America. The court of France has
juft fent two deputies to Congrefs to ratify the treaty of alliance
for thirty year., which (he has agreed upon with Dr. Franklin
Thrfe depurie. had embarked in one of the King'- Ingatet, com
warded by Moifieur de CarniquV Letters brought by the fame
veflel allure us, that they are at work night and da in our ports
in building thirteen (hips of the line, which will be rtfady to fell
by the lart of this month ; that 80 oco men had been fent into
che prorit.ee. of Flanders and Briiar v. under the command lot
the Prince of Conde ; that an Engl.lh fleet of 20 fail were lysog
efftbe harbour cf Brett; and that the Count De Noailles, our
mbaiTadour at the court of Britain, had retired on account of
the egregious l'nfult. he received from the popohce of London.
Bcfide. al thin agreeable new., it i pcnively affirmed that war
wat to be declared on the 1 5th of the pmfent month ; mi , confe
nuencecf which, a corp. of volunteers i. now raiting to frve as
. guard to ibis .aard, and an embargo is laid on all our mer
Chant fhips. F.ur (hip. of war have arrived at St. Eultatia from
II Hand which have expref. order, to protect the AmcrKan
frade and to permit American veflel. toxoid their colours in
their 'prt.. which wa. not the cafe before the arrival of this loua
dron. I perceive, with a ftiU&ion trulv patriotic, that all ihe
bowers oi Europe are ar.xiou. to contribute to the liberty cf a na
tioa whofc courage and heroifin havefojoftly merited their e-
LaH nigBt, aoout ntren the evening, we bad ! me very ir.arp
tV under and lightening, which ftruck a liable in which were fome
h'Tfes, killed wo of them, ah dunned other. The (hock was
felt by fun dry people in and near tile place.
The account publi-d. a few week, ago, of the lofs of the
continental fllip Reprifal, i contradicted by this week's mail
from the northward,, which wt heartily wffi to fee confirmed ;
and Capt. Cox, jut arrived from Martinique, fa$ he beard no
thing of the fad difetier whkh is faid to have happened to tbe
Randolph frigate, and dVe. not give credit to k. j
ExueSsfrm M J aMrtfi tt the imhabitanU of Anertcar hj th
mmbor COMMON SENSE.
THE only way to fimfh a war with the leaft pofihlc blood
tSed, or perhap. without at y. if to ecllea an army, again the
p wercf which the enemy fliall have no chance. By negle&ing
tri. we f long the war, ai.d double both the calamities and the
txpenie. ol it. Whar a rich and happy country would Amencx
b, we fhr, by a vigrurr us exertion, to reduce Howe as. he
Kid Burgoyne And why not do thrfe things ? What is thrre to
hmder f America t. her own piiilrefs, and can do what (he plea
fi. Vigour and determination will do any thing, and every,
thing. We began tbe war with this kind of ff irit j why not end
ft with tbe fame A fmaJl proportion of the individuals to be cho
fo by lot (if tha nnmber do not prefer the glory of (baring in
bis great work and offer themfel vet) and rewarded by ccntxibu-
mm, -aj Jtm 'hfm. wHl flnfwer the DUtooe. xr
i . m m m. mTk.M t-k r m T. ' n F r. L lalil M m - m m F
1 j f i n a nil v it; uiik fuiiitu av viiuura
never oa tuiau . a j j5f-
loniiv of final fcf.. . Tbe death wound
.L J.. ,rrn,OWn 1 e IOUOW It UD. iC CQCtnwh,
La fitoatioa i. -witni- ou, ,aeh and by b, rrt.C IMM
wi.bln onr power.- Hert'. .. tht, (pot, om bnfi.eft to b,.
eomoUlbrd. our. felicity fecured. Iter I . the eo.y . Hata
rr-i - -..it- ahs n jnni nw 111 hi niiicuva. , t,cs ft.
the army. ine micTcu, .a-rr.. -
ed in this baif-ruined place. Come on. and help us. Hcrctrc
LAURELS ; come and mare them. Here are tones; come
help us to exVl hem. Here are whigs, that will make yo
welcome ; and enemies, that dread your coming.
Obey th.sc.U, ye brave Virginiant. t A
frrr A NELSON waits to cenduft you thither, ana yoartf.
MrWut countryman will then lead you on to the accompli!),
ment of all our wifties. I .
Extraa frsm a fmmfbUt lauly pMJbed in England, a. Americn
affuns, h lord A B I iUufirnms fur rfthtr
Le re printed to the AortLrd. and uivrfall, admned.
. r -nT .u,.i- o,hfl Derceive a war, and lucn a vu
UrUW ,c w 1111, j - r--- 7 ' 'c J t .
too, fo weakly fupported. and yet fo v,olently potfued; wbe
- L a.9j5LmA frhP church Dreachine and publilhme to
, . lWm And non-rtfilUnce to the fupremacv
tne woria paiuvc um.Uivu. ..... z
of law, whether that law be rig b or wrong, whether it be good
. ...u.i. :e k- r i-ftahlifh oooerv or proteftantilm, whe.
or oaa. wncmci 11. r a - , , ,
- . . u .1 , hnneft or bv a corrupt and abandoned
tner 11 oe caaucu vi - ,, . , . . . -
parliament ; when I fee men that were-pilloried in the reign of
iood old George the 11. penCmed in tma, it .or c ue
? 1 1 rliaL hired to root Lut ihe very idea of
ions: Wneu i. ucai "a , : .
, ... r .k- and tear benevoknee hum the
hearts ol Englifhman ; when I reflect (but why add more to the
1.1 I. t nun 1C UdUtcl ? ' a B ,J -a
tllflVfv I. a ion- c f a- w ,,
- - 1 . .:.k a.-im va,icf. to call for union among the
It IS lime, rvcn wiin ' . idi- rt.
t , r .i. u:....; ir m time that private opinion mculd
rnenus or uic wuumiunva., ----- , -yield
to public fafety, it is time that we keep both -waxh
ward s" for if ,h liberties of our felK w.fubas inAmctica are
r.. ir for the ideot only to fuppofc that
tO DC llkcu num ,,- - . : ;ji ,
we can preferve our iwn. The dagger uplifted againjt tle breaft
1- . f- .k- heart n Old Knvland
r imeiica is mcdin iyi c. . . .
In fine., thefe are mv fentiments, and thcie my pnnc pies -
They are the principles of the coniticuuo.; and under this rer
luafion, whilA I have fi-ned thetn wiJi my name, I will, i! ne-
. ir ... 111.. f.A , hom n,ih mv blood.
eeiury, as rcaour itai -
Extraa f a, Utttr dated Maor-Hall, near had quarter,, March
The Mrcharoe of rrifjners ueends on the iffue of a confer-
r it. f nm the two armies, whj a e D m et at
Germantolv, between this and Philad Jpbia, txt Thurfday-
G neral Lee,i. now in Phiiadlelbia, having pauea unaer a adj
Irom New-Yo.k through Jcrlcy. .
a4 ix- .,,o,n in nnr t nc ,m Diiien t at the Valley forger
About tcoo paients have paiTed through inoculation f-r the
ima Ipt z ; not more iimu . '
ry healthy. The enemy have, fr,m ail accounis, no prulp.Ct
T7 HEN I reft cl on the valt extent and power of tfce Brrtiflb
VV empire at the end of the latt war, aoa connucr uuw u.v
happinefi it might have diliaicd tfirougnou. m: w..,.,u,
r-. ri ksn. HfllM f rMnfC T All the thOne. and made a pr. per ale
cf that ptmer, I am almoft tempted to repine and raurmcr at tne
difpenfatjono ol rrovider.ee ; out nen 1 iw 'i
was fo corrupt as m be unworthy of fuch a prince and incapable
of making any other ufc of its power tb?,n to tyrannize over the
reft of the world, I acknowledge the jufiiceof Heaven m giving
to fuch a nation a prince who ftems formed like Phferuab, at ooce
"to humble his haughty fuhj di by involving them in every cala
mity through his obftinac,, and by bis tyribny and cruelty to o.
bilge an oppreaeo peopie to ma&c o i.a.6 - -the
iuftice of Heaven in humbling fuch a nation as Br stain, which j
. r . i . a. . . Ar ernnn wltiV
has fb wontonly iponea wun taac grri . . .
which Heaven had entrufttd her. She might have diffa led the
B itifh cohHitution in it. perfection throughout a great part ol
the world, and might have kept all the nation, of. the globe W
. . tUm .inkr llr rhe find nf oeace. have broken the bow.
and knapped the fpear, afunder ; but, inftead of doing tlwe
things, toe has refufed even the fnadow of heronftutttion to all
but thofe who live within the narrow limits of her little ifle. and
has fullered her bloody King not only to look on with- uncoocera
at the tyrannical, wanton, and cruel effufion ol blood in Corfica
ard Poland, but even to affift in carrying on a war af carnage
and defolation between two of tbe moft powerful nations tn th
world, and now with uaheatsi of cruelty, he herlelf employs the
fwordi of foreign nercenarie. , and the fcalping knives of var
indians, to ail ber own more favage troop, to fpread deftxaftt-