August 21, 1778.
With the lateft ADVICES, Foreign and Domestic.
SEMPER PRO LIBERTATE, ET BONO PUBLICO.'
Z '- ... m . . i r r? I
entire year, for he gives up ail the sets hnce me lomoi reoruary
1763, the infamous aera Of the peace of Paris, by uhich the moft
valuable corqueih of a glorions war were facrificed. Whence
can iuch a change arife?
1 oblerve, Sir, that feveral gentlemen have this day mentioned
this convefton. the acra and caufe. A very learned advocate
(Henry Dundas, Efq; Lord Advocate for Scotland) has faid, that
he was converted when Sir William Howe was forced to retire fro'rn
of candour to acquielce, to fuffer the bills to go through the Jerfies. Another honorable gentleman canaries luwyn,
1 u j i?r. ,nf.mKpr fXr Rhrnnftiire te s us that he was converted when
mmm the committee Without interruption, anu m icvw -'7 TT r - txrla.- . j
iraorovement? wh.ch .he noble Lo,d ith .he blue ribband (Lord Coeral Burgoyoe c.?1.ulated at Saratoga Walhingcon d
improvement, wn f .. frl,n(1, Gate. c - arc certainly very powerful apolUes. I ihouid not be
r : k mnrt tirn iniriHiuccu i cui auiuui: hj 1 ' . - r - - .
urw.; 17 ,m Lr " nr adorn. We furorized. if General Howe himielf was at lalt converted, i be-
, r or ncr 11 1 r di iiic iiuu Ci veavav. w r a . . . r
, u 1 ., .
LONDON, Aj; 7.
JaV. WILKES Speech in the House of Commons, on
third reading 9 the two Conciliatory Bits ref peeling America.
Mr. Speaker, , -
HAVE not givenXthe leaft oppofition to the progref
either of the Conciliatory Bills, which have oeen orou
into thi Houfe by Adminiftration. I thought it the part
m I . e .1" -I L 1'L . . t. , , U
. . a , 1 J . J
- - . .r tt . ,k mnr-n rare rpvnn h. u
are now, 5ir, in poiiemun en - - .
corrected by the ottenfible Miniftcr here, in the full cxpeftati: n of
its being equally Lkbfing and palatable on both Jldes the A'lan
tick as well as this Hou.e. The great outline mdeed, Sir, opo-
le I.ora's oonveriion. is not far diftant I
fufpetfl it happened at the fuccefsiull moment of the late Ameri
can negociation in France, which I greatly fear has eiiablifhed
their independence. U is impoffible not to be charmed with the
gentle, meek, fuppacatir.g, humiliating tone ol the nooie Lord
A"' ?" "TTTtlZ .T.:: foirit of at ,he prefeo, moment. We hear no more of the rengeance of
O- or Veans .ha thofe of coercion have the Rate againft daring reM,. The ha.fl, d.fcord of war no longer
hT Ion. ad?ly urged. The noble Lord with the blue ribband grarea on our ears. Peace, harmony, reconc.i.an w.th one
1! 1 Kta'lh bLroled the.r idea., the Chanctllor of the ex- W are the enchant.ng fr,Unds w;.h wh.ch we are now ra.
has as liberally "wro ' p fa h ens vinlta. The terrible, exterminating anmifter of wrath no longer
chcqu.r means to P a,a,ms co,onifis wlth , The noble Lord, with
,ht budge, The s. mnonrhn E r meri- no kfs policy than pity, foo.hes tnem, 'and in mild accents, fay,,
.''rten'' 'iCe hreeta-f .opamenta'ry relief m tLjla, I much (ear however St, the co-
," ; was warmly prcired on the Minifter, and it ,s not lonies w.ll never be gathered together again ande, his m.niftenal
inoic niu. r i-.,k.;i;n frt the Houfe SL winp.
three months, lince nao me nonur u. , . fnnci!iat0rv bills are in mv opinion more calculated for
this country than America. They appear only mean: to quiet the
minds of the people here, and to aroufe this kingdom, not to re
pain the colonies : but I trull the day of reckoning, and of exem-
fo . . t T't J i i ri j
plat v punilhment, approacnes. ine prcieni ucu .ouii iuruuuc
- a f rKfe frv aAl. which. HI i MIS COOIttltt-
tioral mrde, Commiflionefs are now to be authorized onpem4. I
W3de that motion, Sir, while America was ft.H free to negotiate,
ft.Jl iree from ail foreign treaties, c r f 1' mn engagements, in
dependent Hates, with any of the g,, powers or KeilU hold out what minifters know to be
is fcarce an idea in eitner 01 tne two ft d . , faliacious hope, a reconciliation with the cblonifts on terms
agree to confider them together w huh ; o teo ftort of W. The objed is merely to fcreen minillry
option. ' The cefja .on of lr fr0m the indignation of the public, and the vengeance of the
jeny's force, by lea and lend' frhrofK people. There can be little doubt of thi when the very word
dons to any number or defcr.pt.on "Vfuhinp, of the afts, in the ftate they firft appeared Aere, are confidcred.
lonief, provinces, or rotations. The treating, "uinf ,r. nf ,nfl nf tne :afts was. Whereas the exercife of
and agreeing wi;h any bedy or bod.er, pol,t,cK ann corpt AT "VJ kV the parliament of Great Britain for the
purpole of railing a revenue in his Majefty's colonies, provinces,
and plantations in North-America, has-been found by experience
to occafion great uneafineffes and diforders, and has by fundry mif
npr eft mat ions been made the means of mifleading many of his Majefy'j
faithful fubjecls." Thefe words are a kind of fecond declaratory
a&, in wh.ch the right of taxation is aflerted at the initant you
give cemmiffioners powers to fufpend it. Was this meant as a
healing meafure ? Coald minifters really intend to confer a favour,
th a fTf.fi A m rhinlc. and verchule the moft ofFenfive. the moft
in North-America except fr " Lee AU thefeim- obnoxious, the moft -galling expreffions. The preamble to the
ent to impofc for the regulatu n of Minilter, other conciliatory bill is liable to the fame ftrong objeftion. It is,
eortant o nfideration. have been repeatedly urged to the Mnuier, - J . a ; -. f iea!ouces w mifre1rg.
While .he f.ord till Hept in the f Je&iZ" ties and iegeU rights,
Of the blood of the fu J,as of the empire JJJtt d nf Mjj.frs in the colonies, provtnc.s, &c.
tural war. At laft m. re is offered than was afted. A repea exprtdin. be neceffar.ly conlidered by the C.
lfl34r: grefs as Uog high aaa direa infult ? The comm.S-
o c " ... . . U n m , r,i rl - r n r
with any alfembly O' mDi.es ot men, tr wn.i a..7 ,
nerfons whatfoever. of or concerning any grievances or com
plaints of grievances, ex.lting, or fuppofed to exift m the govern
Tnent of any of the laid colonies, provinces, or p antations refpec
tively. or in the Uw. and ftaiutes of this realm refpedling r he
fame " " The trratirp cf any a.d or contribution to be fumilh
rd by any of the coloi, provinces, or plantafions refpeftively.
The not impefing any duty, tax, or alfeffment whatever, pay
.KU ;n anv ol hi Maicftv's colonies, provjaces, and plantations
in North-America, except nly fuch duties as 'mVf?'